Biography of Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400

1389 Scrope vs Grosvenor Case

1396 Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

Around 1343 Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 was born.

Before 1367 Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 and [his wife] Philippa Roet 1346-1387 were married at St Mary de Castro Leicester.

Around 1367 [his son] Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 was born to Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 (24) and [his wife] Philippa Roet 1346-1387 (21).

In Jun 1368 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (29) and Violante Visconti 1354-1386 (14) were married in the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore Milan. He a son of King Edward III England.. The wedding festivities were lavish and ostentatious. The banquet, held outside, included 30 courses of meat and fish presented fully gilded. Between the courses the guests were given gifts such as suits of armor, bolts of cloth, war horses, arms, and hunting dogs. Among the guests were Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 (25), Petrarch, Jean Froissart and John Hawkwood.

Around 1387 [his wife] Philippa Roet 1346-1387 (41) died.

Scrope vs Grosvenor Case

In Sep 1389 the Scrope vs Grosvenor Case was brought to the Court of Chivalry. Up to that time two families had been using the armorial Scrope: Scrope and Grosvenor. The Court decided in fabour of Scrope. Neither party was happy with the decision so King Richard II (22) was called upon to give his personal verdict. On 27 May 1390 he confirmed that Grosvenor could not bear the undifferenced arms.
Several hundred witnesses were called including John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (49), Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 (46) and John Savile of Shelley and Golcar 1325-1399 (64).
On 03 Sep 1386 Owain Glyndŵr (27) gave evidence at the Church of John the Baptist Chester.
As a consequence of the case the Grosvenor has for many years used the name Bendor for horses and nicknames.

Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

On 13 Jan 1396 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and [his former sister-in-law] Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral. He a son of King Edward III England. [his former sister-in-law] She by marriage Duchess Lancaster.

On 25 Oct 1400 Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 (57) died. He was buried at Poets Corner Westminster Abbey.

After 20 May 1475. St Mary's Church Ewelme. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. From left to right ...
1 Roet impaled Chaucer Modern. Alice's paternal grandparents.
2 De La Pole impaled Stafford. Her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419.
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424.
4 De La Pole quartered Chaucer Modern.
5 Roet impaled Chaucer Modern.
6 Chaucer Modern.
7 De La Pole.
8 De La Pole impaled England Henry IV signifying Alice's son John's marriage to Elizabeth of York sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483.
Detail of the North Side of the monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Arms from left to right ...
1 De La Pole quartered Chaucer Modern impaled Unknown.
2 De La Pole. Her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
3 De La Pole quarted Chaucer Modern. Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
4 Chaucer. Alice's father [his son] Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434.
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer. Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428.
6 Roet. Alice's paternal grandmother [his former wife] Philippa Roet 1346-1387.
7 Roet impaling England Henry IV probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and [his former sister-in-law] Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother [his former wife] Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400.
8 Roet impaling Chaucer Modern. Her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 and [his former wife] Philippa Roet 1346-1387.

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John Evelyn's Diary 09 June 1654. 09 Jun 1654. Dined at Marlborough, which having been lately fired, was now new built. At one end of this town, we saw my Lord Seymour's (64) house, but nothing observable save the Mount, to which we ascended by windings for near half a mile. It seems to have been cast up by hand. We passed by Colonel Popham's (49), a noble seat, park, and river. Thence, to Newbury, a considerable town, and Donnington, famous for its battle, siege, and castle, this last had been in the possession of old Geoffrey Chaucer. Then to Aldermaston, a house of Sir Humphrey Forster's, built à la moderne. Also, that exceedingly beautiful seat of my Lord Pembroke (33), on the ascent of hill, flanked with wood, and regarding the river, and so, at night, to Cadenham, the mansion of Edward Hungerford (21), Esq, uncle to my wife (19), where we made some stay. The rest of the week we did nothing but feast and make good cheer, to welcome my wife (19).

Diary of Samuel Pepys 14 June 1663. 14 Jun 1663. Lord's Day. Lay long in bed. So up and to church. Then to dinner, and Tom dined with me, who I think grows a very thriving man, as he himself tells me. He tells me that his man John has got a wife, and for that he intends to part with him, which I am sorry for, and then that Mr. Armiger comes to be a constant lodger at his house, and he says has money in his purse and will be a good paymaster, but I do much doubt it.
He being gone, I up and sending my people to church, my wife and I did even our reckonings, and had a great deal of serious talk, wherein I took occasion to give her hints of the necessity of our saving all we can. I do see great cause every day to curse the time that ever I did give way to the taking of a woman for her, though I could never have had a better, and also the letting of her learn to dance, by both which her mind is so devilishly taken off her business and minding her occasions, and besides has got such an opinion in her of my being jealous, that it is never to be removed, I fear, nor hardly my trouble that attends it; but I must have patience. I did give her 40s. to carry into the country tomorrow with her, whereof 15s. is to go for the coach-hire for her and Ashwell, there being 20s. paid here already in earnest.
In the evening our discourse turned to great content and love, and I hope that after a little forgetting our late differences, and being a while absent one from another, we shall come to agree as well as ever.
So to Sir W. Pen's (42) to visit him, and finding him alone, sent for my wife, who is in her riding-suit, to see him, which she hath not done these many months I think.
By and by in comes Sir J. Minnes (64) and Sir W. Batten (62), and so we sat talking. Among other things, Sir J. Minnes (64) brought many fine expressions of Chaucer, which he doats on mightily, and without doubt he is a very fine poet1. Sir W. Pen (42) continues lame of the gout, that he cannot rise from his chair. So after staying an hour with him, we went home and to supper, and so to prayers and bed.
Note 1. Pepys continued through life an admirer of Chaucer, and we have the authority of Dryden (31) himself for saying that we owe his character of the Good Parson to Pepys's recommendation.

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John Evelyn's Diary 03 August 1667. 03 Aug 1667. Went to Mr. Cowley's (49) funeral, whose corpse lay at Wallingford House, and was thence conveyed to Westminster Abbey in a hearse with six horses and all funeral decency, near a hundred coaches of noblemen and persons of quality following; among these, all the wits of the town, divers bishops and clergymen. He was interred next Geoffry Chaucer, and near Spenser. A goodly. Monument is since erected to his memory.
Now did his Majesty (37) again dine in the presence, in ancient state, with music and all the court ceremonies, which had been interrupted since the late war.

[his daughter] Elizabeth Chaucer was born to Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387.