Biography of Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1400 Creation of Garter Knights

1403 Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

1413 Death of King Henry IV Accession of Henry V

1414 Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

1415 Battle of Agincourt

1416 Meeting of Henry V and the Duke of Burgundy

1420 Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

1421 Battle of Baugé

1422 Death of Henry V

1422 Death of Charles VI

1426 Henry VI Knighting ceremony

1433 John Duke of Bedford marries Jacquetta Luxemburg

1435 Death of John of Bedford

1441 Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

1445 Marriage of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou

1447 Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

On 05 Feb 1381 [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (13) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (13) were married at Arundel Castle. They were second cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 03 Oct 1390 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 was born to [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (23) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (22).

On 04 Jun 1394 [his sister] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (27) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (26) at Peterborough Castle. His mother (26) died in childbirth. She was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newark.

In 1399 [his brother] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (12) was created Prince of Wales.

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 [his grandfather] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at St Paul's Cathedral.

He was buried in the Choir of St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife [his grandmother] Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (53).

[his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster 2C 1362, 7th Earl of Leicester 2C 1265.

King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (32) witheld [his father] the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving [his father] Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

On 10 Nov 1399 [his brother] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (13) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 3C 1399 by Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

1400 Creation of Garter Knights

Around Apr 1400 the newly crowned [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) created a number of new Garter Knights, including his children, to replace those of who had been executed during the Epiphany Rising.

95th [his brother] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10).

96th Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (9).

97th Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (18).

98th [his uncle] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (23).

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Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

On 07 Feb 1403 [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married at Winchester. They were third cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England. His third marriage, her second. She had eight children with her first husband but, despite ten years of marriage, none with Henry.

On 26 Oct 1406 Eric King Norway King Denmark King Sweden 1381-1459 (25) and [his sister] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 (12) were married. She a daughter of Henry IV King England 1367-1413.

In Nov 1411 [his brother] Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (23) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (26) were married. They were first cousins once removed. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1412 [his brother] Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 2C 1412 by Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (44). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (27) by marriage Duchess Clarence.

Death of King Henry IV Accession of Henry V

On 20 Mar 1413 [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His son King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England. His sons King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.

Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

On 16 May 1414 [his brother] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (27) created Dukedoms for his two brothers:

Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (23) was created 1st Duke Gloucester 2C 1414, 1st Earl Pembroke 5C 1414.

[his brother] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (24) was created 1st Duke Bedford 1C 1414, 1st Earl Richmond 6C 1414, 1st Earl Kendal 1C 1414.

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 [his brother] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. [his brother] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard.

Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother [his brother] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29).

Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397 extinct.

John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (35) and Edward Burnell -1415 and Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine 1377-1415 (38) were killed.

Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed. His brother William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.

The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12), Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29), Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57), John Grey 1387-1439 (28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37), Piers Leigh 1389-1422 (26) (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope of Bolton 1393-1420 (22), Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley of Heighley 1398-1459 (17), Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (30). Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.

Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed.

The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35), Walter Sais 1320- (95), Roger Vaughan 1345- (70) and his son Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (5). Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.

The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46), Philip Valois II Count Nevers 1389-1415 (26), John of Bar 1380-1415 (35), Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415 (48), David Rambures 1364-1415 (51) and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415, Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxemburg 1355-1415 (60) and Hector de Chartres -1415 were killed.

Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20) was captured by Richard Waller 1395-1462 (20) for which he was knighted on the battlefield by [his brother] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29).

John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.

Robert of Bar Count Soissons Count Marle 1390-1415 (25) was killed. His daughter Jeanne of Bar Countess Soissons 1415-1462 succeeded Count Soissons 1367.

Edward of Bar III Duke of Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed. His brother Cardinal Louis of Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded I Duke Bar.

John Valois Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed. His son Jean Valois Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.

Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed. His son Antoine Count of Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.

Anthony Valois Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed. His son John Valois IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. [his future wife] Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant and Gloucester 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.

Jean II Le Maingre "Boucicaut" 1366-1421 (49) was captured.

Georges de La Trémoille 1382-1446 (33) was captured.

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Meeting of Henry V and the Duke of Burgundy

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. Jun 1416. And the Duke of Burgayne (45) and the Counte of Charlys (19) sone come to Gravelynge; and the [his brother] kynge (29) sende thedyr the Duke of Glouceter (25) hys brother and the Erle of Marche (24) to abyde there in ostage, wylys that the Duke of Burgayne (45) come to Calys to speke with the kynge; and in the myddys of the ryver the lordys mette togedyr. And the dukys sone (19) of Burgayn ressayvyd oure lordys and led hem in to Fraunce, and the Erle of Warwyke (34) ressayvyd the Duke of Burgayne (45) ande brought hym to Calys, and there they hadde a conselle twyne hem two; and thenne he toke hys leve of the [his brother] kyng (29). And the Erle of Warwyke (34) brought hym unto Gravelyng water and in to the same place there as they mette at the fyrste metynge; and there every party toke hyr leve of othyr. And thenne the kynge retornyd ayenne into Inglonde and the emperoure saylyde unto Holande and so passyd forthe in to Constaunce.

Note 22. Sigismund (48).

In 1418 John Valois IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (14) and [his future wife] Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant and Gloucester 1401-1436 (16) were married. They were first cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

On 02 Jun 1420 [his brother] Henry V (33) and Catherine of Valois (18) were married at Troyes Cathedral. They were half third cousins once removed. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

Battle of Baugé

On 23 Mar 1421 the Dauphin's (18) French army and a Scottish army heavily defeated the English army at the Battle of Baugé. On the French side Étienne Vignolles "La Hire" -1443 fought. On the Scottish side John Stewart 2nd Earl Buchan 1381-1424 (40) and John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380-1429 (41) fought. William Douglas 1384-1421 (37) was killed.

On the English side John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (18), [his uncle] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (44), Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (16) and John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (26) were captured. John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (18) would be captive for the next seventeen years. [his uncle] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (44) was released in 1422. Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (16) was release around 1427 in a prisoner exchange.

[his brother] Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (32) was killed in battle. Duke Clarence 2C 1412 extinct.

John Lumley 1383-1421 (38) was killed in battle.

John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley 1397-1421 (24) was killed in battle. His brother Thomas Ros 8th Baron Ros Helmsley 1407-1430 (13) succeeded 8th Baron Ros Helmsley.

William Ros 1397-1421 (24), and Gilbert V Umfraville -1421 were killed.

John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (37) was killed in battle. His son Henry Grey 2nd Earl Tankerville 1418-1450 (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Tankerville 1C 1418.

William Douglas 1st Lord Drumlanrig -1427 was present.

Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of John Lumley 1383-1421.

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Around 1422 [his illegitimate daughter] Antigone Lancaster Countess Tankerville 1422-1450 was born illegitimately to Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (31). She a granddaughter of Henry IV King England 1367-1413.

Death of Henry V

On 31 Aug 1422 [his brother] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (36) died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentery, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (21) brought the body back to England. His son King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 succeeded VI King England.

[his uncle] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (45) was appointed Governor to King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471.

Death of Charles VI

On 21 Oct 1422 Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 (53) died at Hôtel Saint Pol. The succession of the French throne was disputed between:

[his nephew] King Henry VI succeeded II King France: Lancaster

Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (19) succeeded VII King France: Capet Valois. Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France 1404-1463 (18) by marriage Queen Consort France.

Around 1423 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (32) and [his wife] Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant and Gloucester 1401-1436 (21) were married. They were third cousins. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. The marriage was annulled in 1428.

On 13 May 1423 [his brother] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (33) and Anne Valois Duchess of Bedford 1404-1432 (18) were married at Troyes. They were third cousins. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Duchess Bedford

1426 Henry VI Knighting ceremony

On 19 May 1426, Whitsunday, [his nephew] King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (4) was knighted by his uncles John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (36) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (35) at Leicester. Henry then went on to knight Ralph Longford 1400-1432 (25), Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (12) and Robert Wingfield 1403-1454 (23).

In or before 1427 [his illegitimate son] Arthur Lancaster 1427-1447 was born illegitimately to Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (36). He a grandson of Henry IV King England 1367-1413.

In 1428 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (37) and [his wife] Eleanor Cobham Duchess of Gloucester 1400-1452 (28) were married. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. [his wife] She by marriage Duchess Gloucester.

On 05 Jan 1430 [his sister] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 (35) died at Cloister Church, Vadstena, Linköping.

John Duke of Bedford marries Jacquetta Luxemburg

On 22 Apr 1433 [his brother] John Duke Bedford (43) and Jacquetta Luxemburg (18) were married at Thérouanne. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Duchess Bedford.

The marriage caused a rift with Philip "Good" Duke Burgundy (36), John's late wife's (28) brother, who regarded the marriage, some five months after his sister's death, an insult to her memory. There was no issue from the marriage with John dying a year and a half later.

Death of John of Bedford

On 14 Sep 1435 [his brother] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (46) died at Rouen Castle without legitimate issue. Duke Bedford 2C 1433 extinct. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (44) became heir to the throne.

Chronicle of Gregory 1436. 22 Jul 1436. Ande the xxvj day of Juylle the Duke of Glouceter (45) whythe alle the substaunce of the lordys of Ingelonde schyppyde at Sondewyche with xl. M [40000] men of alle the contreys of Ingelonde, for every towne, cytte, or borowe fonde certayne men whythe dyvers lyvereys of the bagys of the towne, and soo dyd abbeys and pryorys in the same wyse of alle Ingelonde. And the same day they londyd at Calys, and there they hylde hyr consaile the Fryday, Satyrday, and Sonday. And on the Monday he toke hys jornaye in-to Flaunders warde; ande he rode throughe Pycardye and dyd moche harme yn the contre of Flaunders, for he brent Poperyng and Belle, ij [2] goode townys, and many moo othyr vylagys in Flaunders and in Pycardye; and soo he come home a-yenne to Calys whythe owte any lettynge of any person, thonkyd be God.

On 08 Oct 1436 [his wife] Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant and Gloucester 1401-1436 (35) died.

Before 05 Nov 1436 Henry Grey 2nd Earl Tankerville 1418-1450 and Antigone Lancaster Countess Tankerville 1422-1450 were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a granddaughter of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She by marriage Countess Tankerville.

Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

Before 27 Oct 1441 [his wife] Eleanor Cobham Duchess of Gloucester 1400-1452, wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester, brother of the deceased King Henry V of England 1386-1422, uncle of King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471, was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell Astrologer -1441 and Roger Bolingbroke. All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessd to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne "The Witch of Eye" 1415-1441. [his wife] She was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life.

Marriage of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou

On 23 Apr 1445 [his nephew] King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (23) and Margaret of Anjou (15) were married at Titchfield Abbey probably by Bishop William Ayscough 1395-1445 (50), Bishop of Salisbury They were third cousins. He a son of King Henry V of England 1386-1422.

Chronicle of Gregory 1446. 1446. Ande that same yere my Lorde of Glouceter (55) wente yn-to a place i-callyd the Vyse.

Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

On 20 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) was arrested on a charge of treason by John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (37), Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (44), Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (41), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (47) and Ralph Boteler 6th Baron Sudeley 1389-1473 (58).

On 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) died at Bury St Edmunds. He was possibly poisoned although more likely he died from a stroke. He was buried at St Alban's Cathedral. His death left England with no heir to the throne in a direct line. Richard 3rd Duke York (35) became heir presumptive until the birth of Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales 1453-1471 six years later.

Chronicle of Gregory 1447. 23 Feb 1447. Ande at Schroffe tyde nexte aftyr there was ordaynyd a Parlyment at Synt Edmondys Bury; ande att the comyng of the goode Duke Umfray, sum tyme Duke of Glouceter (56), uppon the Satyrday anon as he was a lyght of hys hors he was a-restyde of dyvers lordys for treson by commaundement of the [his nephew] kyng (25), and men sayde at that tyme. And uppon the Thursseday next folowynge he dyssesyd ande passyde owte of thys wrecchyde and false trobely worlde. And he ys buryde at Syn Albonys.

Chronicle of Gregory 1447. 14 Jul 1447. And on Fryday the xiiij day of Juylle nexte folowynge by jugement at Westemyster, there by fore v [5] personys were dampnyd to be drawe, hanggyd and hyr bowellys i-brente by fore hem, and thenne hyr heddys to ben smetyn of, ande thenne to be quarteryde, and every parte to be sende unto dyvers placys by assygnement of the jugys. Whyche personys werethes: [his illegitimate son] Arteys (20) the bastarde of the sayde Duke of Glouceter (56), Syr Rogger Chambyrlayne knyght, Mylton squyer, Thomas Harberde squyer, Nedam yeman, whyche were the sayde xiiij day of Juylle i-drawe fro Syn Gorgys thoroughe owte Sowthewerke and on Londyn Brygge, ande so forthe thorowe the cytte of London to the Tyborne, and there alle they were hanggyde, and the ropys smetyn a-sondyr, they beynge alle lyvynge, and thenne, ar any more of any markys of excecusyon were done, the Duke of Sowthefolke (50) brought them alle yn generalle pardon and grace from our lorde and soverayne Kynge Harry the vj (25)te.

On 07 Jul 1452 [his wife] Eleanor Cobham Duchess of Gloucester 1400-1452 (52) died at Beaumaris Castle.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 07 May 1461. Middleham Castle. Grant for life to the king's kinsman Richard (32), earl of Warwick, of the office of constable of the king's castle of Dover, and al rents and services called 'castelwarde', and herbage and advowsons pertaining to the same, and the wardenship of the Cinque Ports and all forfeitures, 'shares', wreck of sea and other profits; and also 300l yearly for the sustenances of himself and priests, servants, watchmen, and other officers there, in the same manner as Humphey (70), late Duke of Gloucester, viz 146l frin the wards pertaining to the castle and 154l from the fee farm of the town of Southampton. By other latters patent.

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. Ande thenne the Kyng of Inglonde lette parte his oste to prynces thens on dyversse wayes; that ys to saye, on party toke my lorde the [his brother] Duke of Clarens whythe many fulle worthy lordys whythe hym, and he gate many townys and castellys and stronge abbeys. And the Duke of Glouceter toke a nothyr partye of the oste, and whythe hym the Erle of Marche, the Lorde Graye, the Lorde Clyfforde, Syr Watyr Hongerford, stywarde of the kyngys howse, whythe many othyr knyghtys and squyers; and he gate, or he layde sege to Chyrborowe, xxiiij townys and castellys. And sone aftyr Ester he layde sege to the towne of Chyrborowe, and contynowyde unto Mychelmasse, and thenne the towne and the castelle was yolde unto hym. Ande the iij party of the oste the kynge delyveryde unto the Erle of Warwyke and othyr lordys whythe hym. And they gate many stronge townys and castellys and abbeys.

John Amncier and Antigone Lancaster Countess Tankerville 1422-1450 were married. She a granddaughter of Henry IV King England 1367-1413.

John Valois 1398-1417 and Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant and Gloucester 1401-1436 were married. They were second cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

Chronicle of Gregory 1433. Ande that same yere, a-non aftyr Ester, was the conselle of Ingelonde holdyn at Calys by the counselle of Ingelonde, for there was the [his brother] Duke of Bedeforde, Regaunte of Fraunce, and the Duke of Glouceter, with many moo lordys of the Counselle; and there were cartayne personys done unto dethe, that ys to wete, iij sowdyers were banyschyde the towne of Caleys. And the same yere deyde the Duchyes of Bedforde in Fraunce, the wyfTe of the [his brother] Regyaunte, whos terment was solempny holde at Syn Poulys in London. And the same yere the [his brother] Duke of Bedforde, and Regyant of Fraunce, weddyde the dukys1 doughter of Syn Powle the xxij2 day at Tyruyn3.

1. He was Count Saint Pol rather than Duke.

2. of April.

3. Thérouanne.

Frank II Zeeland 1396-1470 and Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant and Gloucester 1401-1436 were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

Thomas Walsingham Chronicon Angliæ 1419 Duke of Gloucester made guardian of the realm. Dominus Humfridus, Dux Gloverniæ, frater Regis minimus, factus est Custos regni Angliæ, loco fratris suis [his brother] Domini Johannis, Ducis Bedfordiæ; qui vocatus a Rege, navigavit in Neustriam cum valida bellatorum 1[manu,] postquam gloriose regimen regni tenuerat per duos annos.

Note 1. Omitted in orig.; supplied from the printed texts.

Lord Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, younger brother of the King, became Keeper of the Kingdom, in place of his brother [his brother] John, Duke of Bedford, to speak for the King, who sailed to Normandy with an army, after which he governed the country for two years.