Biography of Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440

1359 Double Royal Wedding

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1396 Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

1397 Legitimation of the Beauforts

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1399 Epiphany Rising

1403 Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

1406 John II King Castile Succeeds

1413 Death of King Henry IV Accession of Henry V

1414 Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

1418 Siege of Rouen

1420 Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

1422 Death of Henry V

1424 Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

1431 Siege of Louviers

1433 John Duke of Bedford marries Jacquetta Luxemburg

1435 Death of John of Bedford

In 1342 [her father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond 5C 1342. It isn't clear whether his older brothers Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (11) and Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (3) had been created Earls before this time.

Double Royal Wedding

On 19 May 1359 , or thereabouts, a double-royal wedding celebration took place at Reading Abbey whereby two children of [her grandfather] King Edward III England (46) were married:

[her father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Countess Richmond.

John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) and [her aunt] Margaret Plantagenet Countess of Pembroke 1346-1361 (12) were married. They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a daughter of King Edward III England. At the time John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) was a ward of [her grandfather] King Edward III England (55) who would enjoy the benefit of the substantial revenue of the Earldom of Pembroke until John came of age nine years later on 12 Sep 1368. She died two or so years later probably of plague.

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, his fiftieth birthday, [her grandfather] King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes ...

[her uncle] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 1C 1362. Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (30) by marriage Duchess Clarence.

[her father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 2C 1362. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster.

On 21 Sep 1371 [her father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) and Constance of Castile (17) were married at Roquefort, Landes He a son of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Lancaster. His younger brother Edmund of Langley (30) married Constance's sister in July 1372.

In 1379 Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 was born illegitimately to [her father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (38) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (28). She a granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 24 Jun 1380 John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (7) and [her half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (17) were married at Kenilworth Castle. They were half third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. [her half-sister] She by marriage Countess Pembroke.

Around 27 Dec 1380 Robert Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Wem 1341-1380 (39) died. Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 (7) succeeded 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem.

On 05 Feb 1381 [her half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (13) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (13) were married at Arundel Castle. They were second cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In or before 1386 [her future husband] Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (22) and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396 (22) were married. They were second cousins once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a great x 3 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 24 Jun 1386 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (34) and [her half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23) were married at Plymouth. They were half second cousins once removed. He a great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 02 Feb 1387 John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 (29) and [her half-sister] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (26) were married. They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. [her half-sister] She by marriage Queen Consort Portugal.

Before 17 Sep 1388 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 and [her half-sister] Catherine of Lancaster were married at Palencia Cathedral. They were half second cousins. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. [her half-sister] She by marriage Queen Consort Castile.

On 17 Oct 1388 John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 (51) died. Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (24) succeeded 4th Baron Neville Raby 1C 1295. Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396 (24) by marriage Baroness Neville Raby.

In 1391 [her husband] Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 (18) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) were married at Beaufort en Vallée. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Baroness Ferrers Wem.

In 1393 [her daughter] Elizabeth Ferrers Baroness Greystoke 1393-1434 was born to Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 (20) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (14). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Before 29 Nov 1393 [her husband] Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 died.

In 1394 [her daughter] Mary or Margery Ferrers 1394-1457 was born to Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 (21) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (15). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

On 13 Jan 1396 [her father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral. He a son of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Lancaster.

Before 29 Nov 1396 [her husband] Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 were married. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Baroness Neville Raby.

Around 1397 [her daughter] Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Legitimation of the Beauforts

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 28. Be it remembered that on Tuesday, the fifteenth day of the parliament [4 February 1397], the chancellor (53), by order of the king (30), declared that our holy father the pope, in reverence of the most excellent person of the king (30) and his honourable uncle the [her father] duke of Guyenne and of Lancaster (56), and of his blood, has enabled and legitimized my lord John Beaufort (24), his brothers [Note. Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (22) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (20)], and his sister (18). And therefore our lord the king, as sole ruler of his kingdom of England, for the honour of his blood, willed and enabled of his abundant royal power, and legitimized, of his own authority, the said John, his said brothers, and sister. And he also pronounced and published the ability and legitimation, according to the form of the charter of the king made thereon.

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) rewarded his relations with Dukedoms possibly for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) ...

His older half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter 1C 1397. [her half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter.

His nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey.

His second cousin once removed Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk 1C 1397 probably for arranging the murder of [her uncle] Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (42). Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk.

His first cousin Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale.

His illegitimate first cousin [her illegitimate brother] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset 2C 1397, 1st Marquess Dorset 1C 1397. Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset.

[her husband] Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland 1C 1397. Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland.

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On 27 Nov 1397 [her illegitimate brother] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) were married. They were half third cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Countess Somerset.

Before 1399 Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 and [her niece] Alice Holland Countess Oxford 1392-1406 were married. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

In 1399 [her nephew] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (12) was created Prince of Wales.

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 [her father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.

He was buried in the Choir of Old St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (53).

[her half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster 2C 1362, 7th Earl of Leicester 2C 1265.

King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (32) witheld [her half-brother] the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving [her half-brother] Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

Before 20 Jul 1399 Thomas Dacre 6th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1387-1458 and [her step-daughter] Philippa Neville Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1386-1453 were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. [her step-daughter] She by marriage Baroness Dacre Gilsland.

On 10 Nov 1399 [her nephew] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (13) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 3C 1399 by his father Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

In 1400 John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (36) and [her half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (36) were married. He a great x 3 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Around 1400 [her daughter] Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk 1400-1483 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (36) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (21). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

In 1400 [her son] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (36) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (21). He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

Epiphany Rising

On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) was executed at Pleshy Castle. [her nephew] John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Huntingdon 4C 1388. He was captured by Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex Hereford and Northampton 1347-1419 (53) whose brother Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (54) John Holland had had executed three years before. She arranged for the children of her dead brother to witness the execution of John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) at Pleshy Castle; her primary seat.

Before 01 Jun 1402 Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 and [her niece] Constance Holland Countess Norfolk Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. [her niece] She by marriage Countess Norfolk, Earl Nottingham 2C 1383.

Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

On 07 Feb 1403 [her half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married at Winchester. They were third cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England. His third marriage, her second. She had eight children with her first husband but, despite ten years of marriage, none with Henry.

On 10 May 1403 [her mother] Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (52) died. She was buried in Lincoln Cathedral.

Before 15 Feb 1404 [her illegitimate brother] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 and Margaret Neville Countess Dorest 1384-1413 were married. He a grandson of King Edward III England.

Around 1405 [her son] William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (41) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (26). He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

Letter XXXII Joanna Counters of Westmoreland to her brother Henry IV. 1406. Letter XXXII. Joanna Counters of Westmoreland (27) to her brother [her half-brother] Henry IV (38).

Most high and puissant prince, and most excellent sovereign lord,.

I recommend myself to your royal and high lordship in the most obedient manner which, with my whole, entire, and simple heart, I can most humbly do, as she who desires to know of you, and of your most noble estate and most perfect health, such prosperity as your royal and most honourable heart can desire. And may it please your high nobleness to understand that I write now to your royal presence in behalf of your loyal liege and esquire, Christopher Standith, who, as he has certified me, has been in your service in Wales every time you have been there against your enemies, and besides, in all your most honourable journeys since your coronation, in which he has expended the substance that he could acquire of his own and of his friends, in such wise that, whereas he and my well beloved his wife Margaret (daughter to Mr. Thomas Fleming, who was chancellor and servant during his life to my most honoured and redoubted lord your father, whom God assoil) kept house and establishment, they have left it, and the said Margaret is lodged very uncomfortably with her children, of whom she has many, having one or two every year; and all this on account of the great charge which her said husband has incurred and still incurs in your service; to whom, of your gracious goodness and gentleness, you have aforetime promised guerdon of his labour, whenever he should spy out [something] from which [he could have a living] of 40 marks or of 40 pounds. And, most puissant and excellent prince and my most sovereign lord, he is the youngest [and his father has dismissed him from] his service, and that merely because he and his wife married each other for downright love, without thinking this time [what they should have to live upon. Wherefore 1) entreat your most high and puissant lordship to consider that the said Margaret should dwell [in some suitable place, or else with the queen your wife, whom God protect; and that she is come to me trusting that my [intercession] might avail her with you. May it please you to be gracious lord to her and her said husband, and of your guerdon [assist them] to support in their persons poor gentility, that their affiance may turn to good effect for them, and to my honour, if it please you, by their finding succour from your royal and most excellent nobility^ on account of this my most effectual supplication.

Most high and puissant prince and most excellent sovereign lord, I pray God to grant you a most honourable and long life, and preserve you in his most excellent keeping, and give entire joy and gladness as much as your gentle and most noble heart would choose or desire. !Written at the castle of Raby. Your most humble and obedient subject, if it please you, J. DB W.

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Around 1406 [her niece] Alice Holland Countess Oxford 1392-1406 (14) died.

Before 04 Apr 1406 [her step-son] John Neville 1387-1420 and Elizabeth Holland were married. They were third cousins once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 26 Oct 1406 Eric King Norway King Denmark King Sweden 1381-1459 (25) and [her niece] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 (12) were married. She a daughter of Henry IV King England 1367-1413.

John II King Castile Succeeds

On 25 Dec 1406 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 (27) died. [her nephew] John II King Castile 1405-1454 (1) succeeded II King Castile.

Around 1407 [her son] George Neville 1st Baron Latimer of Snape 1407-1469 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (43) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (28) at Raby. He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

On 28 Oct 1407 [her son-in-law] John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke 1389-1436 (18) and Elizabeth Ferrers Baroness Greystoke 1393-1434 (14) were married at Greystoke Castle Greystoke. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Baroness Greystoke.

Around 1408 [her daughter] Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham 1408-1480 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (44) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (29). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Around 1410 John Grey 1387-1439 (23) and [her niece] Constance Holland Countess Norfolk Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 (23) were married. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. [her niece] She by marriage Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1324.

On 16 Mar 1410 [her illegitimate brother] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (37) died at Hospital of St Katharine's by the Tower Tower Hill. He was buried at St Michael's Chapel. Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 (9) succeeded 2nd Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

On 05 Jul 1411 [her illegitimate brother] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (34) was created 1st Earl Dorset 2C 1411. Margaret Neville Countess Dorest 1384-1413 (27) by marriage Countess Dorset.

On 12 Jan 1412 [her son-in-law] John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (20) and Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk 1400-1483 (12) were married. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Norfolk.

In or before 1413 [her son] Edward Neville 3rd Baron Bergavenny 1413-1476 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (49) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (34). He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

Death of King Henry IV Accession of Henry V

On 20 Mar 1413 [her half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England. His sons King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He [her half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.

Before 1414 [her son-in-law] Richard Despencer 4th Baron Burghesh 1396-1414 and Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 were married. They were second cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Baroness Burghesh.

Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

On 16 May 1414 [her nephew] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (27) created Dukedoms for his two brothers:

[her nephew] Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (23) was created 1st Duke Gloucester 2C 1414, 1st Earl Pembroke 5C 1414.

[her nephew] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (24) was created 1st Duke Bedford 1C 1414, 1st Earl Richmond 6C 1414, 1st Earl Kendal 1C 1414.

On 03 May 1415 [her daughter] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (51) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (36) at Raby Castle. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 12 Jun 1415 Alfonso V King Aragon 1396-1458 (19) and [her niece] Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Aragon 1401-1458 (13) were married. They were first cousins. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. [her niece] She by marriage Queen Consort Aragon.

On 19 Jul 1415 [her half-sister] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (55) died at Sacavém.

On 18 Nov 1416 [her illegitimate brother] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (39) was created 1st Duke Exeter 2C 1416 by his nephew King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (30) for the remainder of his natural life for 'his service to the king and the realm on both sides of the seas'. At the time the only other dukes were the King's brothers.

In 1418 [her nephew] John II King Castile 1405-1454 (12) and Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Castile 1396-1445 (22) were married. They were first cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Queen Consort Castile.

On 02 Jun 1418 [her half-sister] Catherine of Lancaster (45) died at Valladolid. She was buried at Capilla de los Reyes Nuevos, Cathedral of Toledo.

Before 08 Jul 1418 [her son-in-law] Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 and Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 were married. They were second cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Siege of Rouen

On 29 Jul 1418 the English forces commenced the Siege of Rouen with the city being taken on 19 Jan 1419. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (33) fought. John Blount 1388-1418 (30) died. William Harrington 1373-1440 (45), the King's Standard Bearer, was wounded.

Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (40) fought.

[her illegitimate nephew] Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 (17) was killed. John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (15) succeeded 3rd Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

Around 1420 Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (6) and [her illegitimate niece] Margaret Beaufort Countess Devon 1409-1449 (11) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Before 20 May 1420 [her step-son] John Neville 1387-1420 died at Raby Castle.

Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

On 02 Jun 1420 [her nephew] Henry V (33) and Catherine of Valois (18) were married at Troyes Cathedral. They were half third cousins once removed. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

Before 1422 [her son] William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 and Joan Fauconberg Countess Kent 1406-1490 were married. He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

Death of Henry V

On 31 Aug 1422 [her nephew] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (36) died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentery, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (21) brought the body back to England. King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 succeeded VI King England.

[her illegitimate brother] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (45) was appointed Governor to King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471.

Around 1423 [her nephew] Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (32) and Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (21) were married. They were third cousins. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. The marriage was annulled in 1428.

Before 1423 [her son] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 were married. They were half fourth cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 13 May 1423 [her nephew] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (33) and Anne Valois Duchess of Bedford 1404-1432 (18) were married at Troyes. They were third cousins. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Duchess Bedford

Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

On 12 Feb 1424 King James I of Scotland 1394-1437 (29) and [her illegitimate niece] Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (20) were married at Southwark Cathedral. He a great x 5 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. [her illegitimate niece] She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

Before 18 Oct 1424 [her son-in-law] Humphrey Stafford 6th Earl Stafford and Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham 1408-1480 were married. They were second cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Stafford.

On 21 Oct 1425 [her husband] Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (61) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Staindrop. Ralph Neville 2nd Earl Westmoreland 1406-1484 (19) succeeded 2nd Earl Westmoreland 1C 1397. Elizabeth Percy Countess Westmoreland 1395-1436 (30) by marriage Countess Westmoreland.

Monument to [her husband] Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (61) and his wives Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396 (61) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (46). Early Plate Bascinet Period. Orle. Man with Two Wives.

On 24 Nov 1426 [her half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (63) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church Burford.

On 31 Dec 1426 [her illegitimate brother] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (49) died at Greenwich. Some sources say 27 Dec 1426 and 01 Jan 1427. Duke Exeter 2C 1416 and Earl Dorset 2C 1411 extinct.

On 06 Mar 1427 [her nephew] John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (31) and Anne Stafford Duchess Exeter -1432 were married. They were second cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Exeter.

In 1428 [her nephew] Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (37) and Eleanor Cobham Duchess of Gloucester 1400-1452 (28) were married. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She by marriage Duchess Gloucester.

On 22 Sep 1428 [her nephew] Edward "The Philosopher" I King Portugal 1391-1438 (36) and Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal were married. They were first cousins once removed. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Queen Consort Portugal.

In Oct 1429 [her son-in-law] Richard 3rd Duke York (18) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) were married. They were second cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Cambridge Earl Ulster. She was the youngest sister of Richard's brother-in-arms Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (29).

On 05 Jan 1430 [her niece] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 (35) died at Cloister Church, Vadstena, Linköping.

On 07 Jan 1430 Philip "Good" Valois III Duke Burgundy 1396-1467 (33) and [her niece] Isabella Aviz Duchess Burgundy 1397-1471 (32) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. [her niece] She by marriage Duchess Burgundy.

Siege of Louviers

On 03 Oct 1431 [her illegitimate nephew] Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (26) was killed at Louviers, Eure, Haute Normandie during the Siege of Louviers.

On 20 Jan 1433 [her nephew] John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (37) and Beatrice Aviz Duchess Exeter 1382-1439 (51) were married. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Exeter.

John Duke of Bedford marries Jacquetta Luxemburg

On 22 Apr 1433 [her nephew] John Duke Bedford (43) and Jacquetta Luxemburg (18) were married at Thérouanne. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Duchess Bedford.

The marriage caused a rift with Philip "Good" Duke Burgundy (36), John's late wife's (28) brother, who regarded the marriage, some five months after his sister's death, an insult to her memory. There was no issue from the marriage with John dying a year and a half later.

On 14 Aug 1433 John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 (76) died at Lisbon. [her nephew] Edward "The Philosopher" I King Portugal 1391-1438 (41) succeeded I King Portugal.

Death of John of Bedford

On 14 Sep 1435 [her nephew] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (46) died at Rouen Castle without legitimate issue. Duke Bedford 2C 1433 extinct. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (44) became heir to the throne.

In 1436 [her son] Edward Neville 3rd Baron Bergavenny 1413-1476 (23) and Elizabeth Beauchamp Baroness Bergavenny 1415-1448 (20) were married. They were second cousins once removed. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England. [her son] She by marriage Baron Bergavenny 1C 1392.

Before 1437 [her son-in-law] Thomas Strangeways 1395-1442 and Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk 1400-1483 were married. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

In 1437 [her son] George Neville 1st Baron Latimer of Snape 1407-1469 (30) and Elizabeth Beauchamp Baroness Latimer 1417-1480 (20) were married. They were second cousins once removed. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Baroness Latimer of Snape.

In 1437 [her niece] Constance Holland Countess Norfolk Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 (50) died.

On 13 Sep 1438 [her nephew] Edward "The Philosopher" I King Portugal 1391-1438 (46) died. Alfonso "The African" V King Portugal 1432-1481 (6) succeeded V King Portugal: Aviz.

On 01 Oct 1438 [her former step-daughter] Maud Neville Baroness Haversham 1383-1438 (55) died.

In 1439 [her illegitimate nephew] John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (36) and Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 (29) were married. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Somerset.

Before 21 Sep 1439 James "Black Knight of Lorn" Stewart 1394-1451 and [her illegitimate niece] Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 were married. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

After 25 Oct 1439 [her nephew] John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 and Anne Montagu Duchess Exeter 1400-1457 were married. They were half third cousins once removed. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Duchess Exeter.

On 13 Nov 1440 Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (61) died at Howden. She was buried at Lincoln Cathedral.

[her son] Robert Neville Bishop of Salisbury Bishop of Durham was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440. He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

[her son] Cuthbert Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440. He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

[her son] Henry Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440. He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400 1460. Neville with a label compony of Beaufort for difference, to signify his junior status as a son of his father's second marriage to Joan Beaufort, a legitimised daughter of John of Gaunt. Source.

Legitimation of the Beauforts

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 29. Which charter was read in full parliament, and delivered to the said [her father] duke, father of the said John, and his said brothers and sister; the tenor of which charter follows:

Richard, by the grace of God, king of England and France and lord of Ireland, to our most beloved kinsmen the noble [her illegitimate brother] John, knight, Henry, cleric, Thomas, donzel, and our beloved noblewoman Joan Beaufort, lady-in-waiting, our most beloved cousins born of our uncle that noble man [her father] John duke of Lancaster, our lieges, greeting and the goodwill of our royal majesty. While inwardly considering how endlessly and with how many honours of parental and sincere affection of our aforementioned uncle and of his mature counsel we are on all sides blessed, we have judged it appropriate and worthy that in consideration of his merits, and in contemplation of the grace of persons, we should endow you, who are resplendent with probity and virtuous life and conduct, and are born of royal stock and divinely marked with many virtues and gifts, with the protection of grace and favour by special prerogative. Thus it is that, yielding to the prayers of our said uncle, your [her father] father, we grant to you who, so it is claimed, have suffered such defect of birth, that, notwithstanding this defect, which, together with its various consequences, we wish to be fully included in these presents, you may nevertheless receive all honours, dignities, preferments, estates, degrees, and public and private offices, both perpetual and temporal, and feudal and noble rights, by whatsoever name they are called, such as duchies, lordships, earldoms, baronies, or whatsoever other fiefs they be, whether they be dependent upon or held of us mediately or intermediately, which may be preferred, promoted, elected, taken up and allowed, and received, retained, performed and exercised prudently, freely and lawfully, as if you were born in wedlock, notwithstanding any statutes or customs of our kingdom of England decreed or observed to the contrary; and we dispense you [from this defect] by the tenor of these presents, by the plenitude of our royal power and with the assent of our parliament; and we restore you and each of you to legitimacy.

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[her son] John Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440. He a great grandson of King Edward III England.