Biography of Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385

Around 1312 John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314 (18) and Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 (14) were married. She a great x 3 granddaughter of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216.

In 1321 Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (19) was created 1st Earl Kent 5C 1321.

In 1325 Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (23) and Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 (27) were married. They were half second cousins twice removed. He a son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 3 granddaughter of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She by marriage Countess Kent.

On 29 Sep 1328 Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 was born to Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (27) and Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 (31) at Woodstock Palace. She a granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28) was beheaded at Winchester Castle. Edmund Plantagenet 2nd Earl Kent 1326-1331 (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Kent 5C 1321. The executioner was a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task. Edmund had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive. It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl Dunbar aka March 1287-1330 (42) to entrap Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28). King Edward III England (17) was unable to show leniency risking complicity in the plot.

Before 05 Oct 1331 Edmund Plantagenet 2nd Earl Kent 1326-1331 died. John Plantagenet 3rd Earl Kent 1330-1352 succeeded 3rd Earl Kent 5C 1321.

Around Mar 1340 Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (11) were married in secret He a great x 4 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. It isn't clear whether the marriage was canonical given the secrecy; there were no witnesses. She twelve years old. A subsequent investigation by papal commissioners confirmed it as valid.

Around Nov 1340 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (12) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (12) were married. She a granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She was already married albeit secretly to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26). The subsequent investigation found her marriage to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26) to be valid.

In 1342 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond 5C 1342. It isn't clear whether his older brothers Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (11) and Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (3) had been created Earls before this time.

On 12 May 1343 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (12) was created Prince of Wales.

Before 23 Apr 1344 King Edward III England formed the Order of the Garter. The date is somewhat unclear. The first reliable record occurs in autumn of 1348 when the King's wardrobe account shows Garter habits being issued. The Order may have been formed before then with some traditions such as the mantle, and the garter and motto, possibly being introduced later. The Garter refers to an event at Wark Castle at which King Edward III England picked up the Countess of Salisbury's fallen garter and saying to the crowd "Honi soit qui mal y pense" ie Shame on him who thinks badly of it, or possibly, he brings shame on himself who thinks badly of it. The Countess of Salisbury could refer to his future daughter-in-law Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 or her former mother-in-law Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349. The event has also been drescribed as taking place at Calias.

On 03 Apr 1348 John Plantagenet 3rd Earl Kent 1330-1352 (17) and Isabella aka Elizabeth Julich Countess Kent 1330-1411 (18) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154. She by marriage Countess Kent.

On 31 May 1349 Thomas Wake 2nd Baron Wake Liddell 1297-1349 (52) died. Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 (52) succeeded 3rd Baron Wake Liddell.

On 11 Jun 1349 William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (48) died. William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (20) succeeded 2nd Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 4th Baron Montagu. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (20) by marriage Countess Salisbury.

On 29 Sep 1349 Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 (52) died of plague. John Plantagenet 3rd Earl Kent 1330-1352 (19) inherited her dower lands and the estates she had inherited from her brother Thomas Wake 2nd Baron Wake Liddell 1297-1349 (52).

In 1350 Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 was born to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (36) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (21). She a great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1350 Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 was born to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (36) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (21). He a great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1352 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 was born to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (38) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (23). He a great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1352 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (13) and Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (19) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (13) by marriage 4th Earl Ulster. She was the sole heir of her father and brought the de Burgh inheritance of the lands of Ulster to the marriage. As a consequence of their earlier betrothal he had been called Earl Ulster since 1347.

Before 01 Feb 1352 Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl Dunbar aka March 1328-1360 and Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381 were married. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She by marriage Countess March.

On 26 Dec 1352 John Plantagenet 3rd Earl Kent 1330-1352 (22) died. He was buried at Greyfriars Church Winchester. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (24) succeeded 4th Earl Kent 5C 1321, 5th Baron Wake Liddell.

In 1359 Maud Holland 1359-1391 was born to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (45) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (30). She a great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 19 May 1359 , or thereabouts, a double-royal wedding celebration took place at Reading Abbey whereby two children of King Edward III England (46) were married:

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) were marriedShe by marriage Countess Richmond.

John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) and Margaret Plantagenet Countess of Pembroke 1346-1361 (12) were marriedJohn Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) was a ward of King Edward III England (55) who would enjoy the benefit of the substantial revenue of the Earldom of Pembroke until John came of age nine years later on 12 Sep 1368. She died two or so years later probably of plague.

On 26 Dec 1360 Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (46) died. Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 (10) succeeded 2nd Earl Kent 6C 1360.

On 10 Oct 1361 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (31) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) were married at Windsor CastleShe by marriage Princess of Wales. His first wife, her second (or third depending on how you count them) husband. She had four children already. They had known each other since childhood. Thirty-one and thirty-three respectively. A curious choice for the heir to the throne; foreign princesses were usual. They were married nearly fifteen years and had two children.

In 1362 Edmund of Langley (20) was created 1st Earl Cambridge 2C 1362.

On 13 Nov 1362, his fiftieth birthday, King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes ...

Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 1C 1362. Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (30) by marriage Duchess Clarence.

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 2C 1362. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster.

On 05 Sep 1363 Hugh Courtenay 1345-1374 (18) and Maud Holland 1359-1391 (4) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 27 Jan 1364 Edward Plantagenet 1364-1370 was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (33) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (35) at Château d'Angoulême, Angoulême He a grandson of King Edward III England.

On 27 Jul 1365 Enguerrand de Coucy 1st Earl Bedford 1st Count Soissons 1340-1397 (25) and Isabella Plantagenet Countess Bedford and Soissons 1332-1382 (33) were married at Windsor Castle

In May 1366 John Montfort V Duke Brittany 1339-1399 (27) and Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 (16) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She a great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Duchess Brittany 1221 Dreux.

On 06 Jan 1367 King Richard II of England 1367-1400 was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (36) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (38) at BordeauxHeir to the Throne of England.

In Jun 1368 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (29) and Violante Visconti 1354-1386 (14) were married in the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore MilanGeoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 (25), Petrarch, Jean Froissart and John Hawkwood.

On 07 Oct 1368 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (29) died from poisoning at Alba. Duke Clarence 1C 1362 extinct. There was strong speculation he had been poisoned by his wife's (14) father (48). He was buried at Clare Priory. Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (13) succeeded 5th Earl Ulster.

Before 13 Oct 1370 Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 and Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 were married. They were third cousins. He a great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Countess Kent.

On 21 Sep 1371 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) and Constance of Castile (17) were married at Roquefort, Landes He a son of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Lancaster. His younger brother Edmund of Langley (30) married Constance's sister in July 1372.

On 11 Jul 1372 Edmund of Langley (31) and Isabella of Castile (17) were married at WallingfordShe by marriage Countess Cambridge. She being the younger sister of Constance of Castile (18) who had married Edmund's older brother John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) a year before.

In 1374 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (18) and Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle and Gloucester 1366-1399 (8) were married. They were second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1376 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (20) was created 1st Earl Essex 4C 1376. Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle and Gloucester 1366-1399 (10) by marriage Countess Essex.

On 23 Apr 1376 King Edward III England (63) created a number of new Garter Knights ...

54th John Montfort V Duke Brittany 1339-1399 (37).

55th Thomas Banastre 1334-1379 (42).

56th William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382 (37).

57th Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 (40).

58th Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 (26). He the son of Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (47) whose second husband was Edward III's son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (45).

59th Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (33) was appointed 59th. He the son of Mary Plantagenet Baroness Percy 1320-1362 (56) daughter of Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (95) who was the first cousin of Edward III's father King Edward II of England (91).

60th William Beauchamp 1st Baron Bergavenny 1343-1411 (33).

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On 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (45) died of dysentery at Westminster Palace. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral. Richard (9) succeeded King England. Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (20) succeeded Heir to the Throne of England.

In 1377 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (21) was created 1st Earl Buckingham 3C 1377. Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle and Gloucester 1366-1399 (11) by marriage Countess Buckingham.

On 21 Jun 1377 King Edward III England (64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace. He was buried in the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor. King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (10) succeeded II King England.

In 1380 Waleran Luxemburg 1355-1415 (25) and Maud Holland 1359-1391 (21) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She a great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

After 24 Jun 1380 John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 marriage annulled since she had become pregnant by John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 who she subsequently married. It isn't clear whether John Holland was punished; he was half-brother to King Richard II of England 1367-1400 through their mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385.

In 1381 Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381 (49) died.

On 11 Jun 1381 King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (14) held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (43), William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (52), Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (35), Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) and Robert Hales 1325-1381 (56) at the Tower of London.

On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (14), Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1434 (1) and Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65).

Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) was beheaded at Tower Hill. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.

On 20 Jan 1382 King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (15) and Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) were married at Westminster Abbey by Robert Braybrooke Bishop of London -1404She by marriage Queen Consort England.

It was the first royal wedding that including a Royal Procession from the Tower of London to Westminster Abbey.

Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.

On 05 Oct 1382 Isabella Plantagenet Countess Bedford and Soissons 1332-1382 (50) died.

In 1383 William Montagu -1383 was killed in a tournament.

In or before 1383 William Montagu -1383 and Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (17) were married. They were third cousins once removed. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1384 Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 (34) died.

On 06 Aug 1385 Edmund of Langley (44) was created 1st Duke York 1C 1385 by his nephew King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (18). Isabella of Castile (30) by marriage Duchess York.In 1385 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (29) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1C 1385, and around the same time 1st Duke Gloucester 1C 1385.Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle and Gloucester 1366-1399 (19) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale and Duke Gloucester 1C 1385.

On 07 Aug 1385 Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (56) died at Wallingford Castle. She was buried at Stamford.

After 07 Aug 1385 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 and Elizabeth Mohun Countess Salisbury -1415 were married. She by marriage Countess Salisbury.

On 03 Jun 1397 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (68) died. John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (47) succeeded 3rd Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 2nd Baron Montagu. Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424 (33) by marriage Countess Salisbury.