Biography of Joan of the Tower Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362

1301 Edward II Created Prince of Wales

1307 Death of Edward I

1308 Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

1327 Abdication of Edward II

1327 Death of Edward II

1328 Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

1328 Marriage of King David II of Scotland and Princess Joan

1329 Death of Robert the Bruce

1358 Death of Isabella of France Queen Consort

1359 Double Royal Wedding

1361 Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

1361 Plague Outbreak

1371 Death of David II of Scotland

Edward II Created Prince of Wales

On 07 Feb 1301 [her father] King Edward II of England (16) was created Prince of Wales by his father [her grandfather] Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (61); the first English heir to receive the title. He was created Earl Chester 5C 1301 the same day.

Death of Edward I

On 07 Jul 1307 [her grandfather] Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) died at Burgh by Sands whilst on his way north to Scotland. His son [her father] King Edward II of England (23) succeeded II King England.
[her grandfather] Edward (68) had gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (29), Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (35), Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) didn't return from exile.

Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

On 25 Jan 1308 [her father] King Edward II of England (23) and [her mother] Isabella of France Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) were married at Boulogne sur Mer. They were second cousins once removed. He a son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

On 05 Jul 1321 Joan of the Tower Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 was born to [her father] King Edward II of England (37) and [her mother] Isabella of France Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (26) at the Tower of London.

In 1324 [her sister] Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (5) was placed into the care of her cousin Eleanor Clare Baroness Zouche Mortimer 1292-1337 (31). She was subsequently placed into the care of Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer 1270-1325 (54) (he had formerly been married to her aunt [her aunt] Joan of Acre (51) and Isabel Despencer Baroness Hastings and Bergavenny -1334 with her younger sister Joan of the Tower (2) at Pleshy Castle.

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 1 Chapter 11 How the queen of England besieged the king her husband in the town of Bristow. Oct 1326. AND then this tiding spread about the realm so much, that at the last it came to the knowledge of the lords by whom the [her mother] queen (31) was called again into England. And they apparelled them in all haste to come to [her brother] Edward (13) her son, whom they would have to their sovereign lord. And the first that came and gave them most comfort was Henry earl of Lancaster (45) with the wry neck, called Tort Col, who was brother to Thomas earl of Lancaster (48), beheaded as ye have heard herebefore, who was a good knight and greatly recommended, as ye shall hear after in this history. This earl Henry (45) came to the [her mother] queen (31) with great company of men of war, and after him came from one part and other earls, barons, knights and squires, with so much people that they thought them clean out of perils, and always increased their power as they went forward. Then they took counsel among them that they should ride straight to the town of Bristow, whereas the [her father] king (42) was, and with him the Spencers. The which was a good town and a strong, and well closed, standing on a good port of the sea, and a strong castle, the sea beating round about it. And therein was the [her father] king (42) and Sir Hugh Spencer the elder (65), who was about ninety of age, and Sir Hugh Spencer (40) his son, who was chief governour of the [her father] king (42) and counselled him in all his evil deeds. Also there was the earl of Arundel (20), who had wedded the daughter (14) of sir Hugh Spencer (40), and di at Bristow, and besieged the town round about as near as they might: and the [her father] king (42) and sir Hugh Spencer the younger (40) held them in the castle, and the old sir Hugh Spencer (65) and the earl of Arundel (20) held them in the town. And when the people of the town saw the great power that the [her mother] queen (31) was of (for almost all England was of her accord), and perceived what peril and danger evidently they were in, they took counsel among themselves and determined that they would yield up the town to the [her mother] queen (31), so that their lives and goods might be saved. And so they sent to treat with the queen and her council in this matter; but the queen nor her council would not agree thereto without she might do with sir Hugh Spencer (65) and with the earl of Arundel (20) what it pleased her. When the people of the town saw they could have no peace otherwise, nor save the town nor their goods nor their lives, in that distress they accorded to the [her mother] queen (31) and opened the gates, so that the [her mother] queen (31) and sir John of Hainault (38), and all her barons, knights and squires, entered into the town and took their lodgings within, as many as might, and the residue without. Then sir Hugh Spencer (65) and the earl of Arundel (20) were taken and brought before the [her mother] queen (31), to do her pleasure with them. Then there was brought to the queen her own children, [her brother] John her son (10) and her two daughters [Note. [her sister] Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (8) and Joan of the Tower Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (5)], the which were found there in the keeping of the said sir Hugh Spencer (65), whereof the queen had great joy, for she had not seen them long 'before. Then the [her father] king (42) might have great sorrow and sir Hugh Spencer the younger (40), who were fast enclosed in the strong castle, and the most part of all the realm turned to the queen's part and to [her brother] Edwar (13) her eldest son.

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Abdication of Edward II

On 25 Jan 1327 [her father] King Edward II of England (42) abdicated II King England. His son [her brother] King Edward III England (14) succeeded III King England.

Death of Edward II

On 21 Sep 1327 [her father] King Edward II of England (43) was murdered at Berkeley Castle. There is speculation as to the manner of his death, and as to whether he died at all. Some believe he may have lived the rest of his life in Europe.

Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

On 24 Jan 1328 [her brother] King Edward III England (15) and Philippa of Hainault (13) were married at York Minster. They were second cousins. He a son of King Edward II of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154. She by marriage Queen Consort England.

Marriage of King David II of Scotland and Princess Joan

On 17 Jul 1328 [her husband] David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (4) and Joan of the Tower Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (7) were married at Berwick on Tweed. She a daughter of King Edward II of England.

Death of Robert the Bruce

On 07 Jun 1329 [her father-in-law] Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (54) died at Cardross Manor, Argyll. He was buried at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline. His son [her husband] David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (5) succeeded II King Scotland: Bruce. Joan of the Tower Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (7) by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

In 1330 [her brother] John of Eltham 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 (13) was created 1st Earl Cornwall 6C 1330.

Battle of Teba

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 1 Chapter 20 How king Robert of Scotland died. 25 Aug 1330. Battle of Teba. And within a while after that this knight sir William Douglas (44) was come to the king of Spain (19), on a day the king issued out into the field to approach near to his enemies. And the king of Granade issued out in like wise on his part, so that each king might see other with all their banners displayed. Then they arranged their battles each against other. Then sir William Douglas (44) drew out on the one side with all his company, to the intent to shew his prowess the better. And when he saw these battles thus ranged on both parties, and saw that the battle of the king of Spain (19) began somewhat to advance toward their enemies, he thought then verily that they should soon assemble together to fight at hand strokes; and then he thought rather to be with the foremost than with the hindermost, and strake his horse with the spurs, and all his company also, and dashed into the battle of the king of Granade, crying, 'Douglas! Douglas !' weening to him the king of Spain (19) and his host had followed, but they did not; wherefore he was deceived, for the Spanish host stood still. And so this gentle knight (44) was enclosed, and all his company, with the Saracens, whereas he did marvels in arms, but finally he could not endure, so that he and all his company were slain. The which was great damage, that the Spaniards would not rescue them. Also in this season there were certain lords that treated for peace between England and Scotland. So that at the last there was a marriage made and solemnised between the young [her husband] king of Scotland (4) and dame Joan of the Tower (7), sister to [her brother] king Edward of England (15), at Berwick, as the English chronicle saith, on Mary Maudlin day [Note. the Feast of Mary Magdalen is 22 Jul?], the year 'of our Lord MCCCXXVIII., against the assent of many of the nobles of the realm. But [her mother] queen Isabel (35) the king's mother and the earl Mortimer (43) made that marriage; at the which, as mine author saith, there was great feast made on both parties.

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In May 1332 Reginald "Black" II Duke Guelders 1295-1343 (37) and [her sister] Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (13) were married at Nijmegen. They were second cousins once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154. She a daughter of King Edward II of England. [her sister] She by marriage Duchess Guelders. His second marriage; he had four daughters from his first marriage. He subsequently sent her from court to Deventer Abbey in 1336 under the pretext that she had leprosy. He subsequently tried to annul the marriage but she contested the annulment by proving she wasn't a leper.

On 30 Sep 1336 [her brother] John of Eltham 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 (20) died at Perth. He was buried at the east side of the doorway to the Chapel of St Edmund. His monument comprises a head of the statue encircled by a coronet of large and small leaves, remarkable for being the earliest specimen of the kind. The details of plate-armour, surcoat, gorget, coroneted helmet, with other accessories, give great antiquarian interest to this work. It was formerly surmounted by a canopy, of which, however, no traces are now visible.

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 1 Chapter 32 How king David of Scotland made alliance with king Philip of France. Nov 1337. In this season the young [her husband] king David of Scotland (13), who had lost the best part of his land and could not recover it out of the hold of the Englishmen, departed privily with a small company and the queen (16) his wife with him, and took shipping and arrived at Boulogne, and so rode to Paris to king Philip (43), who greatly did feast him, and offered him of his castles to abide in and of his goods to dispend, on the condition that he should make no peace with the king of England without his counsel and agreement; for king Philip knew well how the king of England apparelled greatly to make him war. So thus the king there retained king David and the queen a long season, and they had all that they needed at his cost and charge; for out'of Scotland came but little substance to maintain withal their estates. And the French king sent certain messengers into Scotland to the lords there, such as kept war against the Englishmen, offering them great aid and comfort, so that they would take no peace nor truce with the king of England, without it were by his agreement or by the accord of their own king, who had in like wise promised and sworn.
Then the lords of Scotland counselled together, and joyously they accorded to his request, and so sealed and sware with the king their lord. Thus this alliance was made between Scotland and France, the which endured a long season after and the French king sent men of war into Scotland, to keep war against the Englishmen, as Sir Arnold d'Audrehem, who was after marshal of France, and the Lord of Garencieres, and divers other knights and squires. The French king thought that the Scots should give so much ado to the realm of England, that the Englishmen should not come over the sea to annoy him.

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In 1342 [her nephew] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond 5C 1342. It isn't clear whether his older brothers [her nephew] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (11) and [her nephew] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (3) had been created Earls before this time.

On 12 May 1343 [her nephew] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (12) was created Prince of Wales.

On 12 Oct 1343 Reginald "Black" II Duke Guelders 1295-1343 (48) died from a fall from his horse at Arnhem. His son [her nephew] Reginald III Duke Guelders 1333-1371 (10) succeeded III Duke Guelders. His wife acted as Regent to her nine year old son for two years.

On 01 Jul 1347 [her nephew] Reginald III Duke Guelders 1333-1371 (14) and Marie of Brabant Duchess of Guelders 1325-1399 (22) were married. They were second cousins. He a grandson of King Edward II of England. She a great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1352 [her nephew] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (13) and Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (19) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. [her nephew] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (13) by marriage 4th Earl Ulster. She was the sole heir of her father and brought the de Burgh inheritance of the lands of Ulster to the marriage. As a consequence of their earlier betrothal he had been called Earl Ulster since 1347.

On 22 Apr 1355 [her sister] Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (36) died. She was buried at Deventer Abbey.

Death of Isabella of France Queen Consort

On 22 Aug 1358 [her mother] Isabella of France Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (63) died at Hertford Castle. She was buried in Christ Church Greyfriars.
The funeral was performed by Simon Islip Archbishop of Canterbury -1366. She was buried in the mantle she had worn at her wedding and at her request, [her father] Edward's (74) heart, placed into a casket thirty years before, was interred with her.

Double Royal Wedding

On 19 May 1359 , or thereabouts, a double-royal wedding celebration took place at Reading Abbey whereby two children of [her brother] King Edward III England (46) were married:
[her nephew] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Countess Richmond.
John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) and [her niece] Margaret Plantagenet Countess of Pembroke 1346-1361 (12) were married. They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a daughter of King Edward III England.. At the time John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) was a ward of [her brother] King Edward III England (55) who would enjoy the benefit of the substantial revenue of the Earldom of Pembroke until John came of age nine years later on 12 Sep 1368. She died two or so years later probably of plague.

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In 1361 [her nephew] Edward Duke Guelders 1336-1371 (24) succeeded Duke Guelders when he captured and imprisoned his brother [her nephew] Reginald III Duke Guelders 1333-1371 (27).

Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

On 10 Oct 1361 [her nephew] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (31) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) were married at Windsor Castle. They were half first cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Princess of Wales. His first wife, her second (or third depending on how you count them) husband. She had four children already. They had known each other since childhood. Thirty-one and thirty-three respectively. A curious choice for the heir to the throne; foreign princesses were usual. They were married nearly fifteen years and had two children.

In 1362 [her nephew] Edmund of Langley (20) was created 1st Earl Cambridge 2C 1362.

1361 Plague Outbreak

On 07 Sep 1362 Joan of the Tower Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (41) died of plague at Hertford Castle. She was buried at Greyfriars Church Farringdon Within.

On 20 Feb 1364 [her husband] David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (39) and Margaret Drummond Queen Consort Scotland 1340-1371 (24) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

Death of David II of Scotland

On 22 Feb 1371 [her husband] David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (46) died without issue at Edinburgh Castle. He was buried at Holyrood Abbey. His nephew Robert II King Scotland 1316-1390 (54) succeeded II King Scotland: Stewart. He, David, was the last of the male line of the House of Bruce. Robert (54), the first of the House of Stewart, being the son of his sister Marjory Bruce 1296-1316 (75) who had married Walter Stewart 6th High Steward 1296-1327 (75).

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 1 Chapter 4 Here mine author maketh mention of the parent of this good king Edward the third. THIS [her father] king Edward the second, father to the noble [her brother] king Edward the third, had two brethren, the one called [the earl] [her uncle] marshal, who was right wild and diverse of conditions, the other called sir [her uncle] Edmund earl of Kent, right wise, amiable, gentle and well beloved with all people. This [her father] king Edward the second was married to [her mother] Isabel, the daughter of [her grandfather] Philip le Beau king of France, who was one of the fairest ladies of the world. The [her father] king had by her two sons and two daughters. The first son was the noble and hardy [her brother] king Edward the third, of whom this history is begun. The second was named [her brother] John, and died young. The first of the daughters was called Isabel, married to the young king David of Scotland, son to king Robert de Bruce, married in her tender youth by the accord of both realms of England and Scotland for to make perfect peace. The other [her sister] daughter was married to the earl Raynold, who after was called duke of Gueldres, and he had by her two sons, [her nephew] Raynold and [her nephew] Edward, who after reigned in great puissance.

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