Biography of John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410

1359 Double Royal Wedding

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1396 Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

1397 Legitimation of the Beauforts

1397 John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1399 Coronation of Henry IV

1399 Epiphany Rising

1401 Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

1403 Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

1406 John II King Castile Succeeds

1407 Marriage of Edmund Holland Earl of Kent and Lucia Visconti

1408 Battle of Île de Bréhat

1409 Tournaments

In 1342 [his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond 5C 1342. It isn't clear whether his older brothers Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (11) and Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (3) had been created Earls before this time.

Double Royal Wedding

On 19 May 1359 , or thereabouts, a double-royal wedding celebration took place at Reading Abbey whereby two children of [his grandfather] King Edward III England (46) were married:

[his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Countess Richmond.

John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) and [his aunt] Margaret Plantagenet Countess of Pembroke 1346-1361 (12) were married. They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a daughter of King Edward III England. At the time John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) was a ward of [his grandfather] King Edward III England (55) who would enjoy the benefit of the substantial revenue of the Earldom of Pembroke until John came of age nine years later on 12 Sep 1368. She died two or so years later probably of plague.

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Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, his fiftieth birthday, [his grandfather] King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes ...

[his uncle] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 1C 1362. Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (30) by marriage Duchess Clarence.

[his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 2C 1362. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster.

On 21 Sep 1371 [his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) and Constance of Castile (17) were married at Roquefort, Landes He a son of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Lancaster. His younger brother Edmund of Langley (30) married Constance's sister in July 1372.

In 1373 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 was born illegitimately to [his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (22). He a grandson of King Edward III England.

On 24 Jun 1380 John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (7) and [his half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (17) were married at Kenilworth Castle. They were half third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his half-sister] She by marriage Countess Pembroke.

On 05 Feb 1381 [his half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (13) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (13) were married at Arundel Castle. They were second cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 24 Jun 1386 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (34) and [his half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23) were married at Plymouth. They were half second cousins once removed. He a great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 02 Feb 1387 John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 (29) and [his half-sister] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (26) were married. They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his half-sister] She by marriage Queen Consort Portugal.

Before 17 Sep 1388 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 and [his half-sister] Catherine of Lancaster were married at Palencia Cathedral. They were half second cousins. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his half-sister] She by marriage Queen Consort Castile.

On 07 Oct 1388 Roger Mortimer 4th Earl Dunbar aka March 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 (14) and [his future sister-in-law] Eleanor Holland Countess March Countess Ulster 1370-1405 (17) were married. They were second cousins once removed. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. [his future sister-in-law] She by marriage Countess March, Earl Ulster.

In 1391 Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 (18) and [his illegitimate sister] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) were married at Beaufort en Vallée. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his illegitimate sister] She by marriage Baroness Ferrers Wem.

Before 20 Oct 1392 [his future brother-in-law] Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 and Joan Stafford Countess Kent 1378-1442 were married. They were third cousins once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 3 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 04 Nov 1393 [his uncle] Edmund of Langley (52) and Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1434 (13) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Duchess York.

Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

On 13 Jan 1396 [his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral. He a son of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Lancaster.

Before 29 Nov 1396 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and [his illegitimate sister] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 were married. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his illegitimate sister] She by marriage Baroness Neville Raby.

In Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was appointed Admiral of the Irish Fleet, Constable Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports.

Legitimation of the Beauforts

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 28. Be it remembered that on Tuesday, the fifteenth day of the parliament [4 February 1397], the chancellor (53), by order of the king (30), declared that our holy father the pope, in reverence of the most excellent person of the king (30) and his honourable uncle the [his father] duke of Guyenne and of Lancaster (56), and of his blood, has enabled and legitimized my lord John Beaufort (24), his brothers [Note. Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (22) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (20)], and his sister (18). And therefore our lord the king, as sole ruler of his kingdom of England, for the honour of his blood, willed and enabled of his abundant royal power, and legitimized, of his own authority, the said John, his said brothers, and sister. And he also pronounced and published the ability and legitimation, according to the form of the charter of the king made thereon.

John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 30. Also, on the Saturday [10 February 1397], the chancellor (53) announced by the king's (30) command that reason willed that one should honour and enhance the estate of worthy and virtuous persons. Wherefore the king (30) - considering the nobility and virtue of his cousin Sir John Beaufort (24), son of his [his father] uncle of Guyenne and Lancaster (56), and the great honour he had done his person on various expeditions and labours in many kingdoms and lands overseas, to the great honour of the king and kingdom; and also to encourage him and others to do such honour; and also to strengthen the royal sceptre which could best be supported in honour by worthy and valiant persons - had, of his royal dignity and special grace, made and created the said John an earl, and given him the name and honour of the earl of Somerset, to have to him and his male heirs lawfully engendered of his body, with twenty pounds a year to be taken from the issues and profits of the county of Somerset for his title and the name of earl.

Note. On 10 Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Of the appointment of the earl of Somerset. 32. The king (30) to his archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, dukes, earls, barons, justices, sheriffs, reeves, ministers, and other his bailiffs and faithful men, greeting. Know that we, considering the strenuous probity and prudent mind, distinguished conduct and nobility of birth of our beloved and faithful kinsman John Beaufort (24), knight, son of our beloved uncle [his father] John duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster (56), and willing therefore deservedly to exalt the same John Beaufort with the prerogative of honour, we do appoint and create John Beaufort earl of Somerset in our present parliament, and invest him with the style and name and honour of the aforesaid earl by girding him with the sword, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body in perpetuity. And that the same earl and his aforesaid heirs, given such name and honour, may the better and more honourably support the burdens incumbent upon the same, of our special grace in our present parliament we have given and granted, and by this our charter confirmed, to the same earl and his aforesaid heirs twenty pounds to be received each year from the issues of the aforesaid county by the hand of the sheriff of that county for the time being, at the terms of Easter and Michaelmas [29 September] in equal portions, in perpetuity. Witnessed by these, the venerable father Thomas archbishop of Canterbury (44) primate of all England, John of Aquitaine and Lancaster, and Edmund of York (55), dukes; Robert of London, William of Winchester (77), John of Ely, Edmund of Exeter, our chancellor (53), bishops; Henry of Derby (29), Edward of Rutland (24), Thomas of Nottingham and marshal of England (28), earls; Reginald Grey (35), Ralph Neville (33), John Lovell, knights; Roger Walden dean of York, our treasurer, Thomas Percy (54), steward of our household, Guy Mone, keeper of our privy seal, and others. Given by our hand at Westminster on 10 February in the twentieth year of our reign [10 Feb 1397].

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On 25 Apr 1397 Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 (47) died. He was buried in Bourne Abbey aka Church of St Peter and St Paul Bourne. His son Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) succeeded 3rd Earl Kent 6C 1360, 4th Baron Holland. Joan Stafford Countess Kent 1378-1442 (19) by marriage Countess Kent.

In May 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was appointed Admiral of the Northern Fleet.

After Sep 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 was appointed 87th Knight of the Garter by King Richard II of England 1367-1400.

After Sep 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 was appointed Lieutenant of Aquitaine.

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) rewarded his relations with Dukedoms possibly for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) ...

His older half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter 1C 1397. [his half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter.

His nephew [his future brother-in-law] Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey.

His second cousin once removed Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk 1C 1397 probably for arranging the murder of [his uncle] Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (42). Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk.

His first cousin Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale.

His illegitimate first cousin John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset 2C 1397, 1st Marquess Dorset 1C 1397. [his future wife] Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset.

Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland 1C 1397. [his illegitimate sister] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland.

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On 27 Nov 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) and [his wife] Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) were married. They were half third cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. [his wife] She by marriage Countess Somerset.

Before 1399 Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 and [his niece] Alice Holland Countess Oxford 1392-1406 were married. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

In 1399 [his nephew] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (12) was created Prince of Wales.

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 [his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at St Paul's Cathedral.

He was buried in the Choir of St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (53).

[his half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster 2C 1362, 7th Earl of Leicester 2C 1265.

King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (32) witheld [his half-brother] the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving [his half-brother] Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

Before 19 Jun 1399 Edward Charleton 5th Baron Cherleton 1370-1421 and [his sister-in-law] Eleanor Holland Countess March Countess Ulster 1370-1405 were married. They were half third cousins once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 [his half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).

Robert Braybrooke Bishop of London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.

The future [his nephew] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) carried the Lancaster Sword.

Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword.

Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed Knight of the Bath. [his nephew] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 (33) and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.

Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (49) attended.

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On 10 Nov 1399 [his nephew] King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (13) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 3C 1399 by Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

In 1400 John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (36) and [his half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (36) were married. He a great x 3 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Epiphany Rising

On 07 Jan 1400 at Cirencester Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (40) was beheaded by the townspeople following an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town. Baron Lumley 1C 1384 forfeit.

[his brother-in-law] Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (26) was beheaded. His brother Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (16) succeeded 4th Earl Kent 6C 1360, 5th Baron Holland.

John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (50) was captured, tried and beheaded.

Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was captured.

On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) was executed at Pleshy Castle. His son [his nephew] John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Huntingdon 4C 1388. He was captured by Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex Hereford and Northampton 1347-1419 (53) whose brother Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (54) John Holland had had executed three years before. She arranged for the children of her dead brother to witness the execution of John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) at Pleshy Castle; her primary seat.

In 1401 [his son] Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (28) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (16). He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:

[his nephew] Henry, prince of Wales (14).

[his uncle] Edmund, duke of York (59).

Edward, earl of Rutland (28).

Thomas, earl of Arundel (19).

John, earl of Somerset (28).

Edmund, earl of Stafford (22).

Henry, earl of Northumberland (59).

Ralph, earl of Westmorland (37).

Thomas, earl of Worcester (58).

Michael, earl of Suffolk (40).

Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor (30).

Thomas, Lord Berkeley (49).

John, Lord Charlton.

Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin (39).

Thomas, Lord Camoys (50).

Thomas, Lord Furnivall (39).

Robert, Lord Scales (29).

John, Lord Beaumont.

William, Lord Willoughby (31).

Hugh, Lord Burnell (54).

William, Lord Ferrers of Groby (28).

William, Lord Bergavenny (58).

John, Lord Lovell (60).

Robert, Lord Harrington (45).

Richard Lescrope (74).

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Before 01 Jun 1402 Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 and [his niece] Constance Holland Countess Norfolk Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his niece] She by marriage Countess Norfolk, Earl Nottingham 2C 1383.

In 1403 [his son] John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (30) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (18). He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

On 07 Feb 1403 [his half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married at Winchester. They were third cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England. His third marriage, her second. She had eight children with her first husband but, despite ten years of marriage, none with Henry.

On 10 May 1403 [his mother] Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (52) died. She was buried in Lincoln Cathedral.

In 1404 [his daughter] Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (31) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (19). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

In 1404 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (31) was appointed Constable England.

Before 15 Feb 1404 [his illegitimate brother] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 and Margaret Neville Countess Dorest 1384-1413 were married. He a grandson of King Edward III England.

Before 09 Aug 1404 William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1370-1409 and [his sister-in-law] Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1434 were married. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. [his sister-in-law] She by marriage Baroness Willoughby de Eresby.

In 1405 [his son] Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (32) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (20). He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

In Oct 1405 [his sister-in-law] Eleanor Holland Countess March Countess Ulster 1370-1405 (34) died.

In 1406 [his son] Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (33) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (21). He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

Around 1406 [his niece] Alice Holland Countess Oxford 1392-1406 (14) died.

On 26 Oct 1406 Eric King Norway King Denmark King Sweden 1381-1459 (25) and [his niece] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 (12) were married. She a daughter of Henry IV King England 1367-1413.

John II King Castile Succeeds

On 25 Dec 1406 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 (27) died. His son [his nephew] John II King Castile 1405-1454 (1) succeeded II King Castile.

Marriage of Edmund Holland Earl of Kent and Lucia Visconti

On 24 Jan 1407 [his brother-in-law] Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (23) and Lucia Visconti Countess Kent 1380-1424 (27) were married at Southwark Cathedral. He a great x 2 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Countess Kent. He was killed eighteen month's later at the Battle of Île de Bréhat.

Battle of Île de Bréhat

On 15 Sep 1408 [his brother-in-law] Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (24) was killed at Île de Bréhat during the Battle of Île de Bréhat. He was buried in Bourne Abbey aka Church of St Peter and St Paul Bourne.

1409 Tournaments

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 1409. Ande that yere was the grette playe at Skynners Welle in London. Ande that yere there were grete justys in Smethefylde by twyne the Erle of Somersett (36) and the Synyschalle of Henowde [Hainault], and Syr John Corwayle and Syr Rycharde of Arundelle, and the sone of Syr John Chenye, and othyr Fraynysche men dede the dedys of armys there.

In 1409 [his daughter] Margaret Beaufort Countess Devon 1409-1449 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (36) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (24) at Westminster Palace. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Around 1410 John Grey 1387-1439 (23) and [his niece] Constance Holland Countess Norfolk Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 (23) were married. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his niece] She by marriage Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1324.

On 16 Mar 1410 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (37) died at Hospital of St Katharine's by the Tower Tower Hill. He was buried at St Michael's Chapel. His son [his son] Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 (9) succeeded 2nd Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

In Nov 1411 [his nephew] Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (23) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (26) were married. They were first cousins once removed. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 31 Dec 1439 [his wife] Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (54) died.

Legitimation of the Beauforts

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 29. Which charter was read in full parliament, and delivered to the said [his father] duke, father of the said John, and his said brothers and sister; the tenor of which charter follows:

Richard, by the grace of God, king of England and France and lord of Ireland, to our most beloved kinsmen the noble John, knight, [his illegitimate brother] Henry, cleric, Thomas, donzel, and our beloved noblewoman Joan Beaufort, lady-in-waiting, our most beloved cousins born of our uncle that noble man [his father] John duke of Lancaster, our lieges, greeting and the goodwill of our royal majesty. While inwardly considering how endlessly and with how many honours of parental and sincere affection of our aforementioned uncle and of his mature counsel we are on all sides blessed, we have judged it appropriate and worthy that in consideration of his merits, and in contemplation of the grace of persons, we should endow you, who are resplendent with probity and virtuous life and conduct, and are born of royal stock and divinely marked with many virtues and gifts, with the protection of grace and favour by special prerogative. Thus it is that, yielding to the prayers of our said uncle, your [his father] father, we grant to you who, so it is claimed, have suffered such defect of birth, that, notwithstanding this defect, which, together with its various consequences, we wish to be fully included in these presents, you may nevertheless receive all honours, dignities, preferments, estates, degrees, and public and private offices, both perpetual and temporal, and feudal and noble rights, by whatsoever name they are called, such as duchies, lordships, earldoms, baronies, or whatsoever other fiefs they be, whether they be dependent upon or held of us mediately or intermediately, which may be preferred, promoted, elected, taken up and allowed, and received, retained, performed and exercised prudently, freely and lawfully, as if you were born in wedlock, notwithstanding any statutes or customs of our kingdom of England decreed or observed to the contrary; and we dispense you [from this defect] by the tenor of these presents, by the plenitude of our royal power and with the assent of our parliament; and we restore you and each of you to legitimacy.

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John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 31. Whereupon the said Sir John was brought before the king in parliament between two earls, namely Huntingdon and the marshal, dressed in a cloth as a dress of honour, and his sword carried before him, the hilt uppermost. And then the king's charter of the said creation was read aloud before the king, lords, and commons in parliament. And afterwards the king himself girded the said earl with his sword and took his homage, and caused him to sit in his place in parliament, that is to say, between the earls marshal and Warwick. The tenor of which charter follows: