Biography of Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368

1327 Abdication of Edward II

1328 Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

1359 Double Royal Wedding

1361 Creation of Garter Knights

1361 Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1399 Richard II Abdication

1415 Southampton Plot

Abdication of Edward II

On 25 Jan 1327 [his grandfather] King Edward II of England (42) abdicated II King England. His son [his father] King Edward III England (14) succeeded III King England.

Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

On 24 Jan 1328 [his father] King Edward III England (15) and [his mother] Philippa of Hainault (13) were married at York Minster. They were second cousins. He a son of King Edward II of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154. [his mother] She by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 29 Nov 1338 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 was born to [his father] King Edward III England (26) and [his mother] Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (24) at Antwerp.

In 1342 [his brother] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond 5C 1342. It isn't clear whether his older brothers [his brother] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (11) and Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (3) had been created Earls before this time.

On 12 May 1343 [his brother] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (12) was created Prince of Wales.

In 1352 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (13) and [his wife] Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (19) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (13) by marriage 4th Earl Ulster. She was the sole heir of her father and brought the de Burgh inheritance of the lands of Ulster to the marriage. As a consequence of their earlier betrothal he had been called Earl Ulster since 1347.

On 16 Aug 1355 [his daughter] Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 was born to Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (16) and [his wife] Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (23) at Eltham Palace. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. At the time of her birth she was Heir to the Throne of England since her uncle [his brother] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (25) was yet to be married.

Double Royal Wedding

On 19 May 1359 , or thereabouts, a double-royal wedding celebration took place at Reading Abbey whereby two children of [his father] King Edward III England (46) were married:
[his brother] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Countess Richmond.
John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) and [his sister] Margaret Plantagenet Countess of Pembroke 1346-1361 (12) were married. They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a daughter of King Edward III England.. At the time John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) was a ward of [his father] King Edward III England (55) who would enjoy the benefit of the substantial revenue of the Earldom of Pembroke until John came of age nine years later on 12 Sep 1368. She died two or so years later probably of plague.

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1361 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1361 [his father] King Edward III England (48) created three of his sons as Garter Knights ...
Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (22) was appointed 35th.
[his brother] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (20) was appointed 36th.
[his brother] Edmund of Langley (19) was appointed 37th.
Edward Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 3rd Baron Burghesh 1335-1375 (25) was appointed 38th.

Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

On 10 Oct 1361 [his brother] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (31) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) were married at Windsor Castle. They were half first cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Princess of Wales. His first wife, her second (or third depending on how you count them) husband. She had four children already. They had known each other since childhood. Thirty-one and thirty-three respectively. A curious choice for the heir to the throne; foreign princesses were usual. They were married nearly fifteen years and had two children.

In 1362 [his brother] Edmund of Langley (20) was created 1st Earl Cambridge 2C 1362.

Before 16 Jan 1362 Thomas Vere 8th Earl Oxford 1336-1371 and [his sister-in-law] Maud Ufford Countess Oxford 1345-1413 were married. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. [his sister-in-law] She by marriage Countess Oxford.

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, his fiftieth birthday, [his father] King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes ...
Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 1C 1362. [his wife] Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (30) by marriage Duchess Clarence.
[his brother] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 2C 1362. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster.

On 10 Dec 1363 [his wife] Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (31) died at Dublin. She was buried at Clare Priory Clare.

On 27 Jul 1365 Enguerrand de Coucy 1st Earl Bedford 1st Count Soissons 1340-1397 (25) and [his sister] Isabella Plantagenet Countess Bedford and Soissons 1332-1382 (33) were married at Windsor Castle. She a daughter of King Edward III England.

In Jun 1368 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (29) and [his wife] Violante Visconti 1354-1386 (14) were married in the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore Milan. He a son of King Edward III England.. The wedding festivities were lavish and ostentatious. The banquet, held outside, included 30 courses of meat and fish presented fully gilded. Between the courses the guests were given gifts such as suits of armor, bolts of cloth, war horses, arms, and hunting dogs. Among the guests were Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 (25), Petrarch, Jean Froissart and John Hawkwood.

On 07 Oct 1368 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (29) died from poisoning at Alba. Duke Clarence 1C 1362 extinct. There was strong speculation he had been poisoned by his wife's (14) father (48). He was buried at Clare Priory Clare. His daughter [his daughter] Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (13) succeeded 5th Earl Ulster.

In Nov 1386 [his wife] Violante Visconti 1354-1386 (32) died in Pavia.

Richard II Abdication

On 30 Sep 1399 [his nephew] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) became IV King England. He had usurped his cousin [his nephew] Richard II (32) and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March (7) who was descended from Edward III's second son Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence (60). This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (35) was appointed Earl Marshal.

Southampton Plot

On 31 Jul 1415, when Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) was in Portchester Castle preparing to invade France, Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) revealed the Southampton Plot to him (28). Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42), Thomas Grey 1384-1415 (30), and [his nephew] Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) were intending to replace Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) with Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) as King of England based on Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) having a better claim to the throne being descended from Edward III's second son Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (76) whereas Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) was descended from the third son [his brother] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (75).
Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (30), Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (29), Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27) and Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) sat in judgement.

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