Biography of Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619

In 1547 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 was born in Exeter.

In 1571 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (24) produced "a booke of portraitures" for Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 (38).

In 1587 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588.Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588.Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 wearing his Garter Collar.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) became portrait painter to Elizabeth I (38).

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father.Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity. Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress. The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I.<BR>The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity. Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.<BR>Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress. The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.<BR>Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I.<BR>Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Around 1574 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (27) invested in a gold mine in Scotland. The venture failed. Hilliard's life was beset with money issues.

1576. Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (29). Miniature Portrait of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (40).

1576. Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Miniature Portrait of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624.

In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (29). Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587 (33).

In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.

In 1576 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (29) travelled to France where he stayed with the English Ambassdor to France Amyas Paulett 1457-1538.

Around 1577 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted a portrait of Amyas Paulett 1457-1538.

In 1576 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (29), whilst in France, painted a portrait of Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban 1561-1626 (14) who was attached to the English Embassy at the time.

In 1576 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619, whilst in France, painted a portrait of Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban 1561-1626 who was attached to the English Embassy at the time.

On 05 May 1576 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (29) was given the monopoly on producing miniatures and engravings of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (9) by the King.

Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.Around 1605 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.In 1621 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

In 1577 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (30) was provided with a stipend of 200 livres by Francis Valois Angoulême Duke Anjou 1555-1584 (21), a suitor of Elizabeth I (43).

Around 1555 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Francis Valois Angoulême Duke Anjou 1555-1584.

Around 1577 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (30) painted a portrait of Amyas Paulett 1457-1538.

Around 1577 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted a portrait of Amyas Paulett 1457-1538.

Around 1585. Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (38). Miniature Portrait of Anthony Mildmay -1617. Hilliard represents Mildmay standing in a luxurious tent filled with beautiful furniture preparing for a tournament surrounded by objects that allow the artist to feature a variety of rich textures including red velvet, blue ostrich feathers, and gleaming metal.

Around 1585. Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Miniature Portrait of Anthony Mildmay -1617. Hilliard represents Mildmay standing in a luxurious tent filled with beautiful furniture preparing for a tournament surrounded by objects that allow the artist to feature a variety of rich textures including red velvet, blue ostrich feathers, and gleaming metal.

Around 1590 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (43). Portrait of Mary Sidney Countess Pembroke 1561-1621 (28).

Around 1590 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Sidney Countess Pembroke 1561-1621.

Around 1590 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (43). Portrait of George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (31).

Around 1590 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605.

In 1591 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (44) painted a portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (37).

In 1591 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted a portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618.

In 1591 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (44) painted a portrait of Francis Drake Privateer 1540-1596 (51).

In 1591 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted a portrait of Francis Drake Privateer 1540-1596.

Around 1592 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (45) painted a portrait of Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (48).

Around 1592 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted a portrait of Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634.

In 1597 the John Donne Poet 1572-1631 (24) praised Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (50) in his poem "The Storm": A hand or an eye, By Hilliard drawn is worth an history, By a worse painter made.

In 1599 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (52) secured an annual allowance from Elizabeth I (65) of £40.

Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (53) wrote his treaty on painting called "The Art of Limning".

Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (53) painted the portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (33).

Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

In Jul 1601 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (54) wrote to Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (38), asking permission to retire from London and live more cheaply in the countryside. He explained that he had trained apprentices who now competed with him in the private painting market. Hilliard asked that Cecil employ his son as a clerk, because he could not keep him in his own trade.

Around 1602 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612.

In 1617 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (70) was briefly imprisoned in Ludgate Prison after standing surety for the debt of another, and being unable to produce the amount.

In 1617 Elizabeth I (83) gave Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (70) £400 for having made a second Great Seal.

On 03 Jan 1619 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (72) died.

On 07 Jan 1619 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (72) was buried in St Martin's in the Fields. In his will he left twenty shillings to the poor of the parish, thirty between his two sisters, some goods to his maidservant, and all the rest of his effects to his son, Lawrence Hilliard, his sole executor.