Biography of Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425

1397 John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1399 Richard II Abdication

1401 Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

1403 Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

1403 Battle of Shrewsbury

1405 Northern Rising

1413 Death of King Henry IV

Before 1362 [his father] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 and [his mother] Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby were married (he was her fourth cousin). He a 4 x Great Grand Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England.

Around 1364 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 was born to [his father] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 (27) and [his mother] Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby.

On 05 Aug 1367 Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 (76) died. His son [his father] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 (30) succeeded 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1C 1295. [his mother] Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby by marriage Baroness Neville Raby.

On 24 Jun 1380 John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (7) and [his future sister-in-law] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (17) were married (he was her half third cousin) at Kenilworth Castle. She (17) by marriage Countess Pembroke. He a 2 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 05 Feb 1381 [his future brother-in-law] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (13) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (13) were married (he was her second cousin) at Arundel Castle. He a Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Louis "Lion" VIII King France.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  

Before 09 Oct 1381 [his father] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 and Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer Corby Baroness Neville Raby Baroness Willoughby Eresby 1357-1395 were married. She  by marriage Baroness Neville Raby. He a 4 x Great Grand Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England.

Around 1383 [his daughter] Maud Neville Baroness Haversham 1383-1438 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (19) and [his future wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396 (19). She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

In or before 1386 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (22) and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396 (22) were married (he was her second cousin once removed). She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

In 1386 [his daughter] Philippa Neville Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1386-1453 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (22) and [his wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396 (22) at Raby Castle. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

On 24 Jun 1386 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (34) and [his future sister-in-law] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23) were married (he was her half second cousin once removed) at Plymouth. He a Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 16 Oct 1386 Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 (50) died returning from his Pilgrimage to Jerusalem. His son [his brother-in-law] Thomas Stafford 3rd Earl Stafford 1368-1392 (18) succeeded 3rd Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 4th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.

Around 1387 [his son] John Neville 1387-1420 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (23) and [his wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396 (23) at Raby Castle. He a 4 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

On 02 Feb 1387 John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 (29) and [his future sister-in-law] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (26) were married (he was her half fourth cousin). She (26) by marriage Queen Consort Portugal. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Before 17 Sep 1388 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 and [his future sister-in-law] Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 were married (he was her half second cousin) at Palencia Cathedral. She  by marriage Queen Consort Castile. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 17 Oct 1388 [his father] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 (51) died. His son Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (24) succeeded 4th Baron Neville Raby 1C 1295. [his wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396 (24) by marriage Baroness Neville Raby.

Around 1390 [his brother-in-law] Thomas Stafford 3rd Earl Stafford 1368-1392 (22) and Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (7) were married (he was her third cousin once removed). She (7) by marriage Countess Stafford. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

In 1391 Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 (18) and [his future wife] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) were married at Beaufort en Vallée. She (12) by marriage Baroness Ferrers Wem. She an illegitimate Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Around 1392 [his son] Ralph Neville 1392-1458 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (28) and [his wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396 (28) at Raby Castle. He a 4 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

On 04 Jul 1392 [his brother-in-law] Thomas Stafford 3rd Earl Stafford 1368-1392 (24) died at Westminster. His brother [his brother-in-law] William Stafford 4th Earl Stafford 1375-1395 (16) succeeded  Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 5th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.

Before 20 Oct 1392 Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 and [his sister-in-law] Joan Stafford Countess Kent 1378-1442 were married (he was her third cousin once removed). He a 2 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

Before 1394 Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and [his sister-in-law] Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 were married. She  by marriage Countess Suffolk. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

On 06 Apr 1395 [his brother-in-law] William Stafford 4th Earl Stafford 1375-1395 (19) died at Pleshy Castle. He was buried at Tonbridge. His brother [his brother-in-law] Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (17) succeeded 5th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 6th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.

On 09 Jun 1396 [his wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396 (32) died. She was buried at Brancepeth Church Brancepeth.

Before 29 Nov 1396 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 were married. She  by marriage Baroness Neville Raby. She an illegitimate Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Around 1397 [his daughter] Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18). She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Of the appointment of the earl of Somerset. 32. The king (30) to his archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, dukes, earls, barons, justices, sheriffs, reeves, ministers, and other his bailiffs and faithful men, greeting. Know that we, considering the strenuous probity and prudent mind, distinguished conduct and nobility of birth of our beloved and faithful kinsman [his illegitimate brother-in-law] John Beaufort (24), knight, son of our beloved uncle John duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster (56), and willing therefore deservedly to exalt the same John Beaufort with the prerogative of honour, we do appoint and create John Beaufort earl of Somerset in our present parliament, and invest him with the style and name and honour of the aforesaid earl by girding him with the sword, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body in perpetuity. And that the same earl and his aforesaid heirs, given such name and honour, may the better and more honourably support the burdens incumbent upon the same, of our special grace in our present parliament we have given and granted, and by this our charter confirmed, to the same earl and his aforesaid heirs twenty pounds to be received each year from the issues of the aforesaid county by the hand of the sheriff of that county for the time being, at the terms of Easter and Michaelmas [29 September] in equal portions, in perpetuity. Witnessed by these, the venerable father Thomas archbishop of Canterbury (44) primate of all England, John of Aquitaine and Lancaster, and Edmund of York (55), dukes; Robert of London, William of Winchester (77), John of Ely, Edmund of Exeter, our chancellor (53), bishops; [his brother-in-law] Henry of Derby (29), Edward of Rutland (24), Thomas of Nottingham and marshal of England (28), earls; Reginald Grey (35), Ralph Neville (33), John Lovell, knights; Roger Walden dean of York, our treasurer, Thomas Percy (54), steward of our household, Guy Mone, keeper of our privy seal, and others. Given by our hand at Westminster on 10 February in the twentieth year of our reign [10 Feb 1397].

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 delivered to the citizens of London. 

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 30. Also, on the Saturday [10 February 1397], the chancellor (53) announced by the king's (30) command that reason willed that one should honour and enhance the estate of worthy and virtuous persons. Wherefore the king (30) - considering the nobility and virtue of his cousin [his illegitimate brother-in-law] Sir John Beaufort (24), son of his uncle of Guyenne and Lancaster (56), and the great honour he had done his person on various expeditions and labours in many kingdoms and lands overseas, to the great honour of the king and kingdom; and also to encourage him and others to do such honour; and also to strengthen the royal sceptre which could best be supported in honour by worthy and valiant persons - had, of his royal dignity and special grace, made and created the said John an earl, and given him the name and honour of the earl of Somerset, to have to him and his male heirs lawfully engendered of his body, with twenty pounds a year to be taken from the issues and profits of the county of Somerset for his title and the name of earl.
Note. On 10 Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 delivered to the citizens of London. 

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) rewarded his relations with Dukedoms possibly for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 ...
His older half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter 1C 1397. [his sister-in-law] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter.
His nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey.
His second cousin once removed Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk 1C 1397  probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk.
His first cousin Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale.
His illegitimate first cousin [his illegitimate brother-in-law] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset 2C 1397, 1st Marquess Dorset 1C 1397. Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset.
His Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland 1C 1397. [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 delivered to the citizens of London. 

On 27 Nov 1397 [his illegitimate brother-in-law] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) were married (he was her half third cousin). She (12) by marriage Countess Somerset. He an illegitimate Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

On 28 Jun 1398 [his brother-in-law] Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (20) and Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (15) were married (he was her third cousin once removed). She (15) by marriage Countess Stafford. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle Leicester. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.
He was buried in the Choir Old St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368.
[his brother-in-law] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster 2C 1362, 7th Earl of Leicester 2C 1265.
Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 delivered to the citizens of London. 

Richard II Abdication

On 30 Sep 1399 [his brother-in-law] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) became IV King England. He had usurped his cousin Richard II (32) and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March (7) who was descended from Edward III's second son Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (35) was appointed Earl Marshal.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 delivered to the citizens of London. 

In 1400 [his son] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (36) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (21). He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Around 1400 [his daughter] Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk 1400-1483 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (36) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (21). She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

In 1400 John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (36) and [his sister-in-law] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (36) were married. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of John "Lackland" King England. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:
Henry, prince of Wales.
Edmund, duke of York.
Edward, earl of Rutland.
Thomas, earl of Arundel.
[his illegitimate brother-in-law] John, earl of Somerset.
[his brother-in-law] Edmund, earl of Stafford.
Henry, earl of Northumberland.
Ralph, earl of Westmorland.
Thomas, earl of Worcester.
Michael, earl of Suffolk.
Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor.
Thomas, Lord Berkeley.
John, Lord Charlton.
Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin.
Thomas, Lord Camoys.
[his brother] Thomas, Lord Furnivall.
Robert, Lord Scales.
John, Lord Beaumont.
William, Lord Willoughby.
Hugh, Lord Burnell.
William, Lord Ferrers of Groby.
William, Lord Bergavenny.
John, Lord Lovell.
Robert, Lord Harrington.
Richard Lescrope.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle.  

Around 1403 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (39) was appointed 105th Knight of the Garter by his half fifth cousin [his brother-in-law] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35).

Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

On 07 Feb 1403 [his brother-in-law] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married (he was her third cousin) at Winchester. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England. His third marriage, her second. She had eight children with her first husband but, despite ten years of marriage, none with Henry. He a Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Henry III King England. She a Grand Daughter of John "The Good" II King France.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 [his brother-in-law] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield Shrewsbury. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 (53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403 (55), the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424.
Thomas Wendesley 1344-1403 (59) and Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 were killed.
[his brother-in-law] Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) was killed. His son Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 succeeded 6th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 7th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (52) was killed; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39), Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (60) was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 (48) was hanged.
John Rossall -1403 was killed. His sister Eleanor Rossall 1377-1432 (26) inherited a half-share in the Rossall Shrewsbury estates.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  

Before 15 Feb 1404 [his illegitimate brother-in-law] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 and Margaret Neville Countess Dorest 1384-1413 were married. He an illegitimate Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Around 1405 [his son] William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (41) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (26). He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Northern Rising

On 27 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) assembled a force of around 8000 men at Shipton Moor Shipton Hambleton North Yorkshire. Believing they had been given safe conduct by Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (41) and assured their demands would be met, the rebel army disbanded

Around 1407 [his son] George Neville 1st Baron Latimer Snape 1407-1469 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (43) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (28) at Raby. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 28 Oct 1407 John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke 1389-1436 (18) and [his step-daughter] Elizabeth Ferrers Baroness Greystoke 1393-1434 (14) were married at Greystoke Castle Greystoke. She (14) by marriage Baroness Greystoke. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Around 1408 [his daughter] Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham 1408-1480 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (44) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (29). She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 16 Mar 1410 [his illegitimate brother-in-law] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (37) died at Hospital of St Katharine's by the Tower Tower Hill. He was buried at St Michael's Chapel. His son Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 succeeded 2nd Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

On 05 Jul 1411 [his illegitimate brother-in-law] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (34) was created 1st Earl Dorset 2C 1411. Margaret Neville Countess Dorest 1384-1413 (27) by marriage Countess Dorset.

On 12 Jan 1412 John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (20) and [his daughter] Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk 1400-1483 (12) were married (he was her fourth cousin). She (12) by marriage Duchess Norfolk. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 4 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 [his brother-in-law] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His son Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England. His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  

Before 1414 [his son] Edward Neville 3rd Baron Bergavenny 1413-1476 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Before 1414 Richard Despencer 4th Baron Burghesh 1396-1414 and [his daughter] Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 were married (he was her second cousin). She  by marriage Baroness Burghesh. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 03 May 1415 [his daughter] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (51) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (36) at Raby Castle. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 19 Jul 1415 [his sister-in-law] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (55) died at Sacavém.

Before 1416 [his son] Ralph Neville 1392-1458 (24) and [his step-daughter] Mary or Margery Ferrers 1394-1457 (22) were married (he was her fourth cousin). He a 4 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 18 Nov 1416 [his illegitimate brother-in-law] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (39) was created 1st Duke Exeter 2C 1416 by his nephew Henry V King England 1386-1422 (30) for the remainder of his natural life for 'his service to the king and the realm on both sides of the seas'. At the time the only other dukes were the King's brothers.

On 02 Jun 1418 [his sister-in-law] Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 (45) died at Valladolid. She was buried at Capilla de los Reyes Nuevos, Cathedral of Toledo.

Before 08 Jul 1418 Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 and [his daughter] Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 were married (he was her second cousin). She  by marriage Countess of Northumberland. He a 2 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 4 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 08 Apr 1419 [his sister-in-law] Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 (43) died.

Before 1422 [his son] William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 and Joan Fauconberg Countess Kent 1406-1490 were married. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Before 1423 [his son] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 were married (he was her half fourth cousin). He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

Before 18 Oct 1424 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 and [his daughter] Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham 1408-1480 were married (he was her second cousin). She  by marriage Countess Stafford. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 21 Oct 1425 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (61) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Staindrop. His grandson Ralph Neville 2nd Earl Westmoreland 1406-1484 (19) succeeded 2nd Earl Westmoreland 1C 1397. Elizabeth Percy Countess Westmoreland 1395-1436 (30) by marriage Countess Westmoreland.
Monument to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (61) and his wives [his former wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396 and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (46). Early Plate Bascinet Period. Orle. Man with Two Wives.

On 13 Nov 1440 [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (61) died at Howden. She was buried at Lincoln Cathedral.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The Opening of Parliament. 5. The following are assigned to be triers of petitions from England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland:
The archbishop of Canterbury.
The duke of Guyenne and duke of Lancaster.
The duke of Gloucester.
The bishop of London.
The bishop of Winchester.
The abbot of Westminster.
The earl of Derby.
The earl of Arundel.
The earl of Warwick.
Lord Neville.
Sir Richard le Scrope.
Sir Philip Spenser.
Sir Walter Clopton.
William Thirning.
William Rickhill.
John Wadham.
- to act all together, or at least six of the aforesaid prelates and lords; consulting with the chancellor, treasurer, steward, and chamberlain, and also the king's serjeants when necessary. And they shall hold their session in the chamberlain's room near the Painted Chamber.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  

Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400 1460. Neville Arms with a label compony of Beaufort for difference, to signify his junior status as a son of his father's second marriage to Joan Beaufort, a legitimised daughter of John of Gaunt. Source.

[his daughter] Joan Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

[his son] Cuthbert Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: By the king in parliament.   33. Also, on the same Saturday [10 February 1397], a charter of the king made to the earl marshal touching his office of marshal of England, and the gold staff adorned with the emblem of the king's arms which he will carry in his office, was read and delivered to the said earl. The tenor of which charter follows:
The king to the same, greeting. Know that whereas recently by our letters patent of our special grace we granted to our beloved kinsman Thomas, earl of Nottingham, the office of marshal of England, together with the name and honour of earl marshal, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body, with all the fees, profits, and appurtenances whatsoever pertaining in any way to the said office, in perpetuity; as is fully contained in the same letters. We, mindful of the gracious and laudable services often performed by the aforementioned earl, on either side of the sea, for the benefit and honour of us and our kingdom, at no small effort, cost, and charge to him; and wishing therefore to provide for the estate and honour of that earl, of our special grace have granted in our present parliament for us and our heirs to the same earl the said office, and the name, title, and honour of earl marshal of England, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body, together with all offices, commodities, profits and other appurtenances whatsoever, both in our courts and elsewhere, relating or pertaining in any way to the same office, in the same manner and as fully, freely, wholly, and peacefully as Thomas Brotherton, lately earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, father of our beloved kinswoman Margaret countess of Norfolk, [widow] of the aforesaid late earl, or Roger Bigod sometime earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, or any other after the death of the same former earl, or the same present earl, had or held the said office of marshal of England in their time.
Willing further and granting for us and our heirs, that the office of marshal of our Bench before us, which John Wicks holds for the term of his life by our grant, and the office of marshal in our treasury which Richard Gascoigne holds for his life by grant of our beloved brother Thomas earl of Kent, lately marshal of England, by our confirmation; and also the office of herald of the marshal before the steward and marshal of our household, which Guy Allesley holds for his life by grant of the lord Edward [III], late king of England, our grandfather, and by our confirmation; which offices after the death of the aforesaid John, Richard and Guy should revert to us and our heirs, after the death of the same John, Richard, and Guy shall remain to the aforementioned earl marshal, to have to him and his male heirs in perpetuity. And that the same offices, and all other offices in any of our courts and elsewhere, which pertained, and used to pertain to the said office of marshal of England in times past, shall be fully restored, annexed, and reunited to the said office of marshal of England in perpetuity. And that the same earl and his male heirs may give, grant, or confer those offices on any suitable persons freely and without hindrance as soon as they shall have fallen vacant by death, demise, resignation, surrender, or in any other way, notwithstanding any of our letters patent made to the contrary.
Considering also the vigour and nobility of that earl, and that he may in future the more fittingly and honourably perform and exercise the aforesaid office, we have granted for us and our heirs to the same present earl that he and his said male heirs, marshals of England, by virtue of their aforesaid office should have, carry, and bear, as well in the presence as in the absence of us and our heirs, a certain gold staff, with both ends enamelled in black, and with the emblem of our arms decorating the top of the said staff, and with the emblem of the arms of that earl decorating the bottom of the said staff; notwithstanding that the same present earl in his time, or the aforementioned former earls, or any other who had the said office of marshal of England before this time, used to carry or bear a wooden staff. Witnessed by these, the venerable fathers Thomas archbishop of Canterbury, primate of all England, Robert of London, William of Winchester, John of Ely, Edmund of Exeter, our chancellor, bishops; John of Aquitaine and Lancaster, Edmund of York, dukes, our beloved uncles; Henry of Derby, Edward of Rutland, Henry of Northumberland, earls; Reginald Grey of Ruthin, Ralph Neville, John Lovell, knights; Roger Walden, dean of York, our treasurer, Thomas Percy, steward of our household, and others. Given by our hand at Westminster on 10 February 1397.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 delivered to the citizens of London. 

[his son] Robert Neville Bishop of Salisbury Bishop of Durham was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

[his son] Henry Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

[his daughter] Alice Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

[his daughter] Elizabeth Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

[his son] John Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

[his daughter] Margaret Neville Baroness Scrope Bolton -1463 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

[his daughter] Anne Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby 1364-1396. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

[his son] Thomas Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.