Biography of Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415

1392 Death of Isabella of Castile

1415 Southampton Plot

On 20 Jul 1385 Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 was born to [his father] Edmund of Langley (44) and Isabella of Castile (30) at Conisburgh Castle although there was speculation the father was John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (33) with whom Isabella of Castile (30) was suspected of having an affair He a grandson of King Edward III England.

Death of Isabella of Castile

On 23 Dec 1392 [his mother] Isabella of Castile (37) died. She the wife of Edmund of Langley (51). Isabella had travelled to England with her sister Constance of Castile (38) who had married Edmund's elder brother John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (52). Isabella and Edmund's marriage was not, apparently, a happy one. She is known to have had an affair with John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (40) who may have been the father of Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (7) progenitor of the House of York.

On 04 Nov 1393 [his father] Edmund of Langley (52) and Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1434 (13) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Duchess York.

In May 1406 Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (20) and [his wife] Anne Mortimer 1390-1411 (15) were married. They were first cousins twice removed. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England. The marriage apparently took place in secret possibly because she was a descendant of King Edward III England (93) although she wasn't at the time Heir to the Throne of England although their issue would become so. She died five years later.

Before 24 Jul 1406 John Neville 6th Baron Latimer Corby 1382-1430 and [his future wife] Maud Clifford Countess Cambridge 1389-1466 were married. They were second cousins twice removed. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. [his future wife] She by marriage Baroness Latimer Corby.

In 1409 [his daughter] Isabel York Countess Eu and Essex 1409-1484 was born to Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (23) and Anne Mortimer 1390-1411 (18). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 21 Sep 1411 [his son] Richard 3rd Duke York was born to Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (26) and Anne Mortimer 1390-1411 (20). He a great grandson of King Edward III England. His mother died shortly afterwards.

After 21 Sep 1411 [his former wife] Anne Mortimer 1390-1411 died from childbirth. Richard 3rd Duke York succeeded Heir to the Throne of England, 8th Earl Ulster.

After 21 Sep 1411 Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 and [his wife] Maud Clifford Countess Cambridge 1389-1466 were married. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

Before 1414 John Neville 6th Baron Latimer Corby 1382-1430 and [his wife] Maud Clifford Countess Cambridge 1389-1466 were divorced.

In 1414 Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (28) was created 1st Earl Cambridge 3C 1414. [his wife] Maud Clifford Countess Cambridge 1389-1466 (25) by marriage Countess Cambridge.

Southampton Plot

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 15 Jun 1415. Al so the same yere the kyng (28) toke his jornay and wagyd10 in to Normandy; and the xv day of Juny the kyng roode thorowe London11 whithe sherevys, aldermen, and alle the comeners brought the kynge at Blacke Hethe; and there the mayre ande alle hys aldermen with alle the comyns toke there leve of [th]e kynge, and the kyng bade the mayre goo home and kepe welle hys chambyr in hys absens, and [yave hym]12 Crystysse blessyng and hys, and he sayde "Cryste save London." And he roode forthe hys way tylle he cam to Hampton, and there he mosteryd hys mayne. And there were certayne personys that had caste to slayne oure kynge, but God that knewe alle trougthe, he sende warnynge to oure kyng; and hys enmys, the whiche namys folowythe aftyr, Syr Richarde Camborowe (29)13, Erle of Cambryge, Syr Harry, Lorde Scrope (42), ande Syr Thomas Gray (30), knyght, with moo of hyr assent, [th]e whiche personys were a-restyde and put in the preson, ande do to dethe.

Note 10. So in MS., but apparently a transcriber's error for "viagyd."

Note 11. So in MS.; but doubtless we should supply here, as the beginning of a new sentence, "And the mayor."

Note 12. Omitted in our MS., but supplied from Vit. A. xvi.

Note 13. Camborowe. Conysborughe in Vit.

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On 31 Jul 1415, when King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (28) was in Portchester Castle preparing to invade France, [his former brother-in-law] Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl Dunbar aka March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) revealed the Southampton Plot to him (28). Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42), Thomas Grey of Werke and Heaton 1384-1415 (30), and Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) were intending to replace King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (28) with [his former brother-in-law] Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl Dunbar aka March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) as King of England based on [his former brother-in-law] Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl Dunbar aka March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) having a better claim to the throne being descended from Edward III's second son Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (76) whereas King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (28) was descended from the third son John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (75).

Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (30), Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (29), Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27) and Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) sat in judgement.

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On 05 Aug 1415 two executions of those involved in the Southampton Plot took place at the North Gate aka Bargate:.

Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) was beheaded. [his son] Richard 3rd Duke York (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.

Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42) was beheaded. John Scrope 4th Baron Scrope Masham 1388-1455 (27) succeeded 4th Baron Scrope Masham.

On 26 Aug 1466 [his wife] Maud Clifford Countess Cambridge 1389-1466 (77) died.

[his son] Henry York was born to Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 and Anne Mortimer 1390-1411. He a great grandson of King Edward III England.