Biography of Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745

On 26 Aug 1676 Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 was born to [his father] Colonel Robert Walpole 1650-1700 (25) at Houghton.

In 1700 Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (23) and [his wife] Catherine Shorter 1682-1737 (18) were married. She brought dowry of £20,000.

On 18 Nov 1700 [his father] Colonel Robert Walpole 1650-1700 (50) died.

In 1701 [his son] Robert Walpole 2nd Earl Orford 1701-1751 was born to Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (24) and Catherine Shorter 1682-1737 (19).

In 1706 [his son] Edward Walpole 1706-1784 was born to Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (29) and Catherine Shorter 1682-1737 (24).

Around 1747. Unknown Painter. Portrait of the children of Edward Walpole 1706-1784: Laura, Maria, edward and Charlotte.

On 24 Sep 1717 [his son] Horace Walpole 4th Earl Orford 1717-1797 was born to Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (41) and Catherine Shorter 1682-1737 (35). Louisa Stuart 1757-1851 wrote to her grandmother Mary Wortley Montagu née Pierrepoint 1689-1762 (28) of rumours that his biological father was Carr Hervey 1691-1723 (26) with whom his mother was known to be on romantic terms. The fifth child [his son] Horace Walpole 4th Earl Orford 1717-1797 was born some eleven years after this elder siblings who were born 1701-1706.

1752. Arthur Devis Painter 1712-1787. Portrait of Joshua Vanneck 1st Baronet 1701-1777 and Family. Sitters believed to be left to right: Joshua Vanneck 1st Baronet 1701-1777, Mrs. de la Mont (likely his sister), Henry Uthoff (Anna Maria's husband), Gerard (son), Gertrude (daughter, with telescope), Joshua (son, on ground), Margaret (youngest daughter, on ground), Anna Mara, Elizabeth (eldest daughter), and Thomas Walpole (Elizabeth's husband and cousin of Horace Walpole). Around 1764 Johan Joseph Zoffany 1733-1810. Portrait of the three daughters of John Stuart 3rd Earl Bute 1713-1792. Left Louisa Stuart 1757-1851, centre probably Anne Stuart 1745-, right Caroline Stuart Countess Portarlington 1762-1813. Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Mary Wortley Montagu née Pierrepoint 1689-1762. Around 1718 Johnathan

On 14 Sep 1723 [his son-in-law] George Cholmondeley 3rd Earl Cholmondeley 1703-1770 (20) and Mary Walpole -1731 were married.

On 26 Mar 1724 [his son] Robert Walpole 2nd Earl Orford 1701-1751 (23) and Margaret Rolle Countess Orford 1709-1781 (15) were married.

In 1726 Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (49) was appointed 545th Knight of the Garter by King George I of Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (65).

Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

After 1726 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson Painter 1667-1745 (58). Portrait of Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (49).

In 1730 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764 (32). Arthur Onslow (38) inviting Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (53) to speak.

Around 1730 William Aikman Painter 1682-1731 (47). Portrait of Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (53).

On 20 Aug 1737 [his wife] Catherine Shorter 1682-1737 (55) died.

Before Mar 1738 [his illegitimate daughter] Maria Walpole was born illegitimately to Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 and Maria Skerritt 1702-1738. She was legitimated after her parents marriage.

On 03 Mar 1738 Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (61) and [his wife] Maria Skerritt 1702-1738 (36) were married. They had been companions for many years before they married. She bringing £30,000 to the marriage. She appears to have died three months later as a consequence of a miscarriage.

On 04 Jun 1738 [his wife] Maria Skerritt 1702-1738 (36) died.

Records of the Lumleys of Lumley Castle Chapter X The Second Earl His Tragic Death. Brave S.... w lov'd thee and was ly'd to death;!

and Croker's note on this gives the more charitable version of the reason for his act: "Richard Lumley, Lord Scarborough who died by his own hand, 29th January, 1740. His friends, and Lord Chesterfield particularly, who wrote a most amiable character of him, affected to be unable to account for his suicide; but it seems from this hint of Pope's that the act was committed under the influence of despondency rising out of some scandalous imputation against him" (vol. iii., p. 499).

The darker, but more probable, reason appears in a later volume of the same work. In a letter to Pope from Lord and Lady Orrery, written on February 23rd, 1739-40, occur these words: "The fatal catastrophe of the E[arl] of Sc[arbrough] has reached these Greenland territories." Elwin's note on this passage is as follows: "Richard Lumley, second Earl of Scarborough, committed suicide at his house in London, Jan. 29, 1740. A melancholy temperament and two attacks of apoplexy were the causes to which his friends ascribed the act. Lord Orrery had heard a different explanation. The earl was to have been married next day to the Duchess of Manchester (34), and in the confidence of love he told her a state secret which was confined to himself, the King, and Sir Robert Walpole (63). The lady disclosed the secret to her grandmother, the Duchess of Marlborough (79), who whispered it to Pulteney (55), and he to everybody. The Duchess of Manchester having sworn to Lord Scarborough that she had not betrayed her trust, he was emboldened to protest before the king that he had never mentioned the secret to anyone; but hearing the truth from the duchess, on the day of the suicide, he went home and shot himself, from the consciousness that his breach of faith, and false asseverations would inevitably be known to the king, the minister, and the public. Reports to his disadvantage were certainly afloat; for Pope says in his '1740, a Poem,' that 'he was lied to death,' which is improbable. Conscious of rectitude, he would hardly have been goaded into suicide by lies " (vol. viii., p. 409).

It is said that when the King sent for him, he said: "Lumley (53), you have lost a friend and I a good servant."

This Duchess of Manchester (34), who was the probable cause of the tragedy, was Isabella, eldest daughter of John, Duke of Montagu (50), and of Mary (50), fourth daughter of John Churchill (89), the great Duke of Marlborough. She married first William Montagu (39), who became 2nd Duke of Manchester in 1722, and died on October 21st, 1739, without heirs; and secondly Edward Hussey (19), afterwards Lord Beaulieu.

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Sarah Jennings Duchess Marlborough 1660-1744. Before 02 Nov 1739 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of Sarah Jennings Duchess Marlborough 1660-1744. Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Richard Lumley 2nd Earl Scarborough 1686-1740. Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749. Around 1740 George Knapton 1698-1778. Portrait of John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749. Around 1735 Gavin Hamilton Painter 1723-1798. Portrait of John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749 and Mary Churchill Duchess Montagu 1689-1751, and Mary Montagu Duchess Montagu 1711-1775. Around 1735 Gavin Hamilton Painter 1723-1798. Portrait of John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749 and Mary Churchill Duchess Montagu 1689-1751, and Mary Montagu Duchess Montagu 1711-1775. Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722. Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 known as The Triumph of the John, 1st Duke of Marlborough. In 1702. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722. Before 1744 Enoch

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20 Jan 1741. Tuesday. This morning died my brother-in-law, Sir Philip Parker (59), at 3 o'clock, choked by one of those fits he has for 12 weeks past had at sundry times. He was last night as well or rather better than at any time before. I spent a great part of the day with Lady Parker and my nieces. At night, the will and codicil were opened in presence of Mrs. East, Lady Parker's mother, Mr. Gilbert East, Lady Parker's brother, my 2 nieces, Mrs. Gosset and myself, wherein Lady Parker and my niece Martha (25), the eldest, are left executors, and myself, Mr. Gilbert East and Mr. Kirk, the counsellor, who drew the will, are made trustees. The estate is divided between my nieces; the Wiltshire and what lies in some other places to my niece Martha (25): and the Suffolk estate to my niece Elizabeth (24). He left divers legacies and,among the others, 50Z. to my wife (51), 20 guineas to my son (29), 100?. to each of the Trustees, 101. to my cousin Fortrey and 500Z. to my niece Bering. He ordered to be buried at Arwarton. The will we judged very ill and confusedly drawn, but happily the persons concerned are only my Lady Parker and her two daughters. In case of my nieces' death without children, their estates go to the heirs general, which are my wife and niece Bering. It is surprising that he mentioned not the places in the Funds where his money lies, but only bequeathed his personal estate in general terms, and that he kept no book of receipts and disbursements whereby might be known where his ready money lies, which I have to reason to suppose is more than 30,000l, but Mr. Gosset believes it nearer 50,000?.

This affair prevented my attending the committee at the Georgia Office, which met to consider of the powers for the President entered to be appointed at Savannah. I learned Sir Robert Walpole (64) was not down at the House of Commons early enough to declare the King's consent to our petition for money, but that he came after the order of the day was called for, which was a sUght of the Trustees.

The Committee present were: Mr. Ayers, Hen. Archer, Lord Shaftsbury (29), Mr. Smith, Mr. Vernon, who made some progress in the affair and adjourned the affair to Friday.

Around 1759 Joshua Reynolds 1723-1788. Portrait of John Perceval 2nd Earl Egmont 1711-1770 and Catherine Compton Countess Egmont 1731-1784. Around 1782 Pompeo Batoni Painter 1708-1787. Portrait of Anthony Ashley-Cooper 4th Earl Shaftesbury 1711-1771.

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In 1742. Arthur Pond Painter 1705-1758 (37). Portrait of Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (65).

On 06 Feb 1742 Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (65) was created 1st Earl Orford 2C 1742.

On 18 Mar 1745 Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (68) died. [his son] Robert Walpole 2nd Earl Orford 1701-1751 (44) succeeded 2nd Earl Orford 2C 1742. Margaret Rolle Countess Orford 1709-1781 (36) by marriage Countess Orford.

Before 28 May 1745 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson Painter 1667-1745 (78). Portrait of Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 (68). Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery.

[his daughter] Katherine Walpole was born to Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745 and Catherine Shorter 1682-1737.

[his daughter] Mary Walpole -1731 was born to Robert Walpole Prime Minister 1st Earl Orford 1676-1745.