Biography of Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426

1359 Double Royal Wedding

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1396 Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

1397 Legitimation of the Beauforts

1397 John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1399 Epiphany Rising

1403 Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

1405 Northern Rising

1406 John II King Castile Succeeds

1413 Death of King Henry IV

1414 Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

1418 Siege of Rouen

1420 Treaty of Troyes

1420 Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

1421 Battle of Baugé

1422 Death of Henry V

1424 Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

In 1342 [his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond 5C 1342. It isn't clear whether his older brothers Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (11) and Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (3) had been created Earls before this time.

Double Royal Wedding

On 19 May 1359 [his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) were married (he was her half second cousin once removed) at Reading Abbey. She (14) by marriage Countess Richmond. John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) by marriage Earl Lancaster, Earl Derby 2C 1337. He a Son of King Edward III England and Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Henry III King England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Louis "Lion" VIII King France.

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, his fiftieth birthday, King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes ...
Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 1C 1362. Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (30) by marriage Duchess Clarence.
[his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 2C 1362. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster.

On 21 Sep 1371 [his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) and Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (17) were married at Roquefort, Landes. She (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster. His younger brother Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (30) married Constance's sister in July 1372. He a Son of King Edward III England and Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Around Jan 1377 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was born illegitimately to [his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (36) and [his mother] Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (26). He an illegitimate Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 24 Jun 1380 John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (7) and [his half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (17) were married (he was her half third cousin) at Kenilworth Castle. She (17) by marriage Countess Pembroke. He a 2 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 05 Feb 1381 [his half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (13) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (13) were married (he was her second cousin) at Arundel Castle. He a Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Louis "Lion" VIII King France.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  

On 24 Jun 1386 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (34) and [his half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23) were married (he was her half second cousin once removed) at Plymouth. He a Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 02 Feb 1387 John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 (29) and [his half-sister] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (26) were married (he was her half fourth cousin). She (26) by marriage Queen Consort Portugal. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Before 17 Sep 1388 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 and [his half-sister] Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 were married (he was her half second cousin) at Palencia Cathedral. She  by marriage Queen Consort Castile. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

In 1391 Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 (18) and [his illegitimate sister] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) were married at Beaufort en Vallée. She (12) by marriage Baroness Ferrers Wem. She an illegitimate Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

On 13 Jan 1396 [his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and [his mother] Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral. She (45) by marriage Duchess Lancaster. He a Son of King Edward III England and Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Before 29 Nov 1396 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and [his illegitimate sister] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 were married. She  by marriage Baroness Neville Raby. She an illegitimate Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

In Feb 1397 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (20) legitimised.

Legitimation of the Beauforts

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 28. Be it remembered that on Tuesday, the fifteenth day of the parliament [4 February 1397], the chancellor (53), by order of the king (30), declared that our holy father the pope, in reverence of the most excellent person of the king (30) and his honourable uncle the [his father] duke of Guyenne and of Lancaster (56), and of his blood, has enabled and legitimized my lord [his illegitimate brother] John Beaufort (24), his brothers [Note. [his illegitimate brother] Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (22) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (20)], and his [his illegitimate sister] sister (18). And therefore our lord the king, as sole ruler of his kingdom of England, for the honour of his blood, willed and enabled of his abundant royal power, and legitimized, of his own authority, the said John, his said brothers, and sister. And he also pronounced and published the ability and legitimation, according to the form of the charter of the king made thereon.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 delivered to the citizens of London. 

John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 30. Also, on the Saturday [10 February 1397], the chancellor (53) announced by the king's (30) command that reason willed that one should honour and enhance the estate of worthy and virtuous persons. Wherefore the king (30) - considering the nobility and virtue of his cousin [his illegitimate brother] Sir John Beaufort (24), son of his [his father] uncle of Guyenne and Lancaster (56), and the great honour he had done his person on various expeditions and labours in many kingdoms and lands overseas, to the great honour of the king and kingdom; and also to encourage him and others to do such honour; and also to strengthen the royal sceptre which could best be supported in honour by worthy and valiant persons - had, of his royal dignity and special grace, made and created the said John an earl, and given him the name and honour of the earl of Somerset, to have to him and his male heirs lawfully engendered of his body, with twenty pounds a year to be taken from the issues and profits of the county of Somerset for his title and the name of earl.
Note. On 10 Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 delivered to the citizens of London. 

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) rewarded his relations with Dukedoms possibly for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 ...
His older half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter 1C 1397. [his half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter.
His nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey.
His second cousin once removed Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk 1C 1397  probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk.
His first cousin Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale.
His illegitimate first cousin [his illegitimate brother] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset 2C 1397, 1st Marquess Dorset 1C 1397. Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset.
His Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland 1C 1397. [his illegitimate sister] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 delivered to the citizens of London. 

On 27 Nov 1397 [his illegitimate brother] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) were married (he was her half third cousin). She (12) by marriage Countess Somerset. He an illegitimate Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

Before 1399 Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 and [his niece] Alice Holland Countess Oxford 1392-1406 were married. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

In 1399 [his nephew] Henry V King England 1386-1422 (12) was created Prince of Wales.

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 [his father] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle Leicester. [his mother] Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.
He was buried in the Choir Old St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368.
[his half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster 2C 1362, 7th Earl of Leicester 2C 1265.
Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 delivered to the citizens of London. 

On 10 Nov 1399 [his nephew] Henry V King England 1386-1422 (13) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 3C 1399 by his father [his half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  

In 1400 John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (36) and [his half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (36) were married. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of John "Lackland" King England. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

In 1400 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (22) was appointed 98th Knight of the Garter by his brother [his half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

Epiphany Rising

On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) was executed at Pleshy Castle. His son [his nephew] John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Huntingdon 4C 1388. He (48) was captured by Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex Hereford and Northampton 1347-1419 (53) whose brother Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 John Holland had had executed three years before. She arranged for the children of her dead brother to witness the execution of John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) at Pleshy Castle; her primary seat.

In 1402 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (24) was appointed Captain Ludlow Castle.

Before 01 Jun 1402 Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 and [his niece] Constance Holland Countess Norfolk Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 were married (he was her third cousin). She  by marriage Countess Norfolk, Earl Nottingham 2C 1383. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 4 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

In 1403 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (25) was appointed Admiral of the Fleet.

Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

On 07 Feb 1403 [his half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married (he was her third cousin) at Winchester. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England. His third marriage, her second. She had eight children with her first husband but, despite ten years of marriage, none with Henry. He a Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Henry III King England. She a Grand Daughter of John "The Good" II King France.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  

On 10 May 1403 [his mother] Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (52) died. She was buried in Lincoln Cathedral.

Before 15 Feb 1404 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 and Margaret Neville Countess Dorest 1384-1413 were married. He an illegitimate Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Northern Rising

On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) arrived at York. The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (23) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) sat in judgement of Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19). William Gascoigne Chief Justice 1350-1419 (55) refused to pronounce sentence on Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) asserting their right to be tried by their peers.

Around 1406 [his niece] Alice Holland Countess Oxford 1392-1406 (14) died.

On 26 Oct 1406 Eric King Norway King Denmark King Sweden 1381-1459 (25) and [his niece] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 (12) were married. She a Daughter of Henry IV King England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

John II King Castile Succeeds

On 25 Dec 1406 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 (27) died. His son [his nephew] John II King Castile 1405-1454 (1) succeeded II King Castile.

Around 1410 John Grey 1387-1439 (23) and [his niece] Constance Holland Countess Norfolk Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 (23) were married. She (23) by marriage Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1324. He a 4 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

On 31 Jan 1410 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (33) was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer which position he held until 1411.

On 16 Mar 1410 [his illegitimate brother] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (37) died at Hospital of St Katharine's by the Tower Tower Hill. He was buried at St Michael's Chapel. His son [his nephew] Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 succeeded 2nd Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

On 05 Jul 1411 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (34) was created 1st Earl Dorset 2C 1411. [his wife] Margaret Neville Countess Dorest 1384-1413 (27) by marriage Countess Dorset.

In Nov 1411 [his nephew] Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (23) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (26) were married (he was her first cousin once removed). He a Son of Henry IV King England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

In 1412 [his nephew] Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 2C 1412 by his father [his half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (44). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (27) by marriage Duchess Clarence.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  

On 12 Jan 1412 John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (20) and [his niece] Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk 1400-1483 (12) were married (he was her fourth cousin). She (12) by marriage Duchess Norfolk. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 4 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Before 1413 [his son] Henry Beaufort 1412- was born to Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 and [his wife] Margaret Neville Countess Dorest 1384-1413. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

In 1413 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (35) was appointed Lieutenant Aquitaine.

Around 1413 [his wife] Margaret Neville Countess Dorest 1384-1413 (29) died.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 [his half-brother] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His son [his nephew] Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England. His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and [his nephew] Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  

Before 1414 Richard Despencer 4th Baron Burghesh 1396-1414 and [his niece] Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 were married (he was her second cousin). She  by marriage Baroness Burghesh. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

On 16 May 1414 [his nephew] Henry V King England 1386-1422 (27) created Dukedoms for his two brothers:
[his nephew] Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (23) was created 1st Duke Gloucester 2C 1414, 1st Earl Pembroke 5C 1414.
[his nephew] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (24) was created 1st Duke Bedford 1C 1414, 1st Earl Richmond 6C 1414, 1st Earl Kendal 1C 1414.

In 1415 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (37) was appointed Captain Harfleur.

On 12 Jun 1415 Alfonso V King Aragon 1396-1458 (19) and [his niece] Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Aragon 1401-1458 (13) were married (he was her first cousin). She (13) by marriage Queen Consort Aragon. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 19 Jul 1415 [his half-sister] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (55) died at Sacavém.

On 18 Nov 1416 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (39) was created 1st Duke Exeter 2C 1416 by his nephew [his nephew] Henry V King England 1386-1422 (30) for the remainder of his natural life for 'his service to the king and the realm on both sides of the seas'. At the time the only other dukes were the King's brothers.

In 1418 [his nephew] John II King Castile 1405-1454 (12) and Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Castile 1396-1445 (22) were married (he was her first cousin). She (22) by marriage Queen Consort Castile.

On 02 Jun 1418 [his half-sister] Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 (45) died at Valladolid. She was buried at Capilla de los Reyes Nuevos, Cathedral of Toledo.

Before 08 Jul 1418 Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 and [his niece] Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 were married (he was her second cousin). She  by marriage Countess of Northumberland. He a 2 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 4 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Siege of Rouen

On 29 Jul 1418 the English forces commenced the Siege of Rouen with the city being taken on 19 Jan 1419. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (33) fought. John Blount 1388-1418 (30) died. William Harrington 1373-1440 (45), the King's Standard Bearer, was wounded.
Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (40) fought.
[his nephew] Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418. [his nephew] John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (15) succeeded 3rd Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

In 1419 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (41) was appointed Captain of Rouen.

In 1419 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (41) was captured at Château Gaillard.

Around 1420 Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (6) and [his niece] Margaret Beaufort Countess Devon 1409-1449 (11) were married (he was her third cousin). He a 4 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Treaty of Troyes

On 21 May 1420 the Treaty of Troyes was signed at Troyes. Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (43) and Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (17) negotiated the terms which included the marriage of [his nephew] Henry V (33) and Catherine of Valois (18), daughter of Charles VI (51), and the acknowledgement of Henry V King England 1386-1422 (33) as Charles V's (51) heir disinheriting the Dauphin (17).

Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

On 02 Jun 1420 [his nephew] Henry V (33) and Catherine of Valois (18) were married (he was her half third cousin once removed) at Troyes Cathedral. She a Daughter of Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France.

Battle of Baugé

On 23 Mar 1421  the Dauphin's (18) French army and a Scottish army heavily defeated the English army at the Battle of Baugé. On the French side Étienne Vignolles -1443 fought. On the Scottish side John Stewart 2nd Earl Buchan 1381-1424 and John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380-1429 (41) fought. William Douglas 1384-1421 (37) was killed.
On the English side [his nephew] John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (18), Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (44), [his nephew] Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (16) and [his nephew] John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (26) were captured. John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (18) would be captive for the next seventeen years. Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (44) was released in 1422. Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (16) was release around 1427 in a prisoner exchange.
[his nephew] Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (32) was killed in battle. Duke Clarence 2C 1412 extinct.
John Lumley 1383-1421 (38) was killed in battle.
John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley 1397-1421 (24) was killed in battle. His brother Thomas Ros 8th Baron Ros Helmsley 1407-1430 (13) succeeded 8th Baron Ros Helmsley.
William Ros 1397-1421 (24), and Gilbert V Umfraville -1421 were killed.
John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (37)  was killed in battle. His son Henry Grey 2nd Earl Tankerville 1418-1450 (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Tankerville 1C 1418.
William Douglas 1st Lord Drumlanrig -1427 was present.

Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of John Lumley 1383-1421.

Before 1422 [his nephew] William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 and Joan Fauconberg Countess Kent 1406-1490 were married. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Death of Henry V

On 31 Aug 1422 [his nephew] Henry V King England 1386-1422 (36) died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentery, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (21) brought the body back to England. His son Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 succeeded  VI King England.
Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (45) was appointed Governor to Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471.

Before 1423 [his nephew] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 were married (he was her half fourth cousin). He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

Around 1423 [his nephew] Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (32) and Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (21) were married (he was her third cousin). He a Son of Henry IV King England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a Great Grand Daughter of John "The Good" II King France.

On 13 May 1423 [his nephew] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (33) and Anne Valois Burgundy 1404-1432 (18) were married (he was her third cousin) at Troyes. He a Son of Henry IV King England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a Great Grand Daughter of John "The Good" II King France.

Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

On 12 Feb 1424 James I King Scotland 1394-1437 (29) and [his niece] Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (20) were married at Southwark Cathedral. She (20) by marriage Queen Consort Scotland. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

Before 18 Oct 1424 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 and [his niece] Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham 1408-1480 were married (he was her second cousin). She  by marriage Countess Stafford. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France. She a Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France.

On 24 Nov 1426 [his half-sister] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (63) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church Burford.

On 31 Dec 1426 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (49) died at Greenwich. Some sources say 27 Dec 1426 and 01 Jan 1427. Duke Exeter 2C 1416 and Earl Dorset 2C 1411 extinct.

On 18 Nov 1434 Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (67) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Ewelme. On 27 Apr 1437 Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (58) died at Ewelme. She was buried at St Mary's Church Ewelme. Tomb of Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (67) and Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (55) in St Mary's Church Ewelme.
The Arms in two rows left to right ...
Top Row 1 Beaufort Arms 2 Possibly [his niece] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495; possibly Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 who married Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York -1431, impaled Neville Arms 3 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 4 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 impaled Neville Arms 5 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (again?) 6 Stafford Arms impaled Neville Arms 7 Montacute and Monthermer Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms.
Bottom Row 1 Beauchamp Arms quartered with Newburgh; Earl Warwick reflecting the Beauchamp family having inherited the Earldom of Warwick through marriage to Isabel Maudit who was the sister of William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick 1220-1268 who died without issue. Isabel Maudit and William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick 1220-1268 were the children of William Maudit and Alice Beaumont -1262. Alice Beaumont -1262 inherited the Earldom of Warwick when her half-niece Margaret Beaumont 7th Countess Warwick -1253 died. 2 Unknown impaled Beaufort Arms 3 Montacute and Monthermer Arms impaled Mohun Arms 4 Montacute and Monthermer Arms quartered Neville Arms 5 De La Pole Arms quartered Chaucer Modern Arms 6 Despencer Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms 7 Mohun Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms. John Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun Dunster 1320-1375 and Joan Burghesh Baroness Mohun Dunster 1319-1404.

Legitimation of the Beauforts

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 29. Which charter was read in full parliament, and delivered to the said [his father] duke, father of the said John, and his said brothers and sister; the tenor of which charter follows:
Richard, by the grace of God, king of England and France and lord of Ireland, to our most beloved kinsmen the noble [his illegitimate brother] John, knight, [his illegitimate brother] Henry, cleric, Thomas, donzel, and our beloved noblewoman [his illegitimate sister] Joan Beaufort, lady-in-waiting, our most beloved cousins born of our uncle that noble man John duke of Lancaster, our lieges, greeting and the goodwill of our royal majesty. While inwardly considering how endlessly and with how many honours of parental and sincere affection of our aforementioned uncle and of his mature counsel we are on all sides blessed, we have judged it appropriate and worthy that in consideration of his merits, and in contemplation of the grace of persons, we should endow you, who are resplendent with probity and virtuous life and conduct, and are born of royal stock and divinely marked with many virtues and gifts, with the protection of grace and favour by special prerogative. Thus it is that, yielding to the prayers of our said uncle, your father, we grant to you who, so it is claimed, have suffered such defect of birth, that, notwithstanding this defect, which, together with its various consequences, we wish to be fully included in these presents, you may nevertheless receive all honours, dignities, preferments, estates, degrees, and public and private offices, both perpetual and temporal, and feudal and noble rights, by whatsoever name they are called, such as duchies, lordships, earldoms, baronies, or whatsoever other fiefs they be, whether they be dependent upon or held of us mediately or intermediately, which may be preferred, promoted, elected, taken up and allowed, and received, retained, performed and exercised prudently, freely and lawfully, as if you were born in wedlock, notwithstanding any statutes or customs of our kingdom of England decreed or observed to the contrary; and we dispense you [from this defect] by the tenor of these presents, by the plenitude of our royal power and with the assent of our parliament; and we restore you and each of you to legitimacy.

Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (in black) surrendering to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (holding the white staff) at Flint Castle.  Around 1401. Jean Creton Painter Chronicler -1420. The Capture and Death of King Richard. Richard II King England 1367-1400 delivered to the citizens of London.