Biography of Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428

1399 Epiphany Rising

1408 Battle of Île de Bréhat

1415 Battle of Agincourt

1415 Southampton Plot

1423 Battle of Cravant

1428 Siege of Orleans

Before 13 Jun 1388 [his father] John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and [his mother] Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424 were married. He a 2 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

On 13 Jun 1388 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 was born to [his father] John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (38) and [his mother] Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424 (28). He a 3 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

On 04 Nov 1393 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (52) and [his future sister-in-law] Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 (13) were married (he was her half second cousin once removed). [his future sister-in-law] Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 (13) by marriage Duke York 1C 1385. He a Son of King Edward III England and Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

In 1395 Margaret Monthermer Baroness Montagu 3rd Baroness Monthermer -1395 died. In 1395 Her son [his father] John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (45) succeeded 4th Baron Monthermer. [his mother] Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424 (35) by marriage Baron Monthermer.

On 03 Jun 1397 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (68) died. His nephew [his father] John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (47) succeeded 3rd Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 2nd Baron Montagu. [his mother] Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424 (37) by marriage Earl Salisbury 2C 1337.

On 27 Nov 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) and [his future sister-in-law] Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) were married (he was her half third cousin). [his future sister-in-law] Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Earl Somerset 2C 1397. He an illegitimate Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

Epiphany Rising

On 07 Jan 1400 at Cirencester Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (40) was beheaded by the townspeople following an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town.
Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (26) was beheaded. His brother [his future brother-in-law] Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (16) succeeded 4th Earl Kent 6C 1360, 5th Baron Holland.
[his father] John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (50) was captured, tried and beheaded.
Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was captured.

Before 09 Aug 1404 William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1370-1409 and [his future sister-in-law] Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 were married. [his future sister-in-law] Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 by marriage Baron Willoughby Eresby. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

On 24 Jan 1406 [his future brother-in-law] Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (22) and Lucia Visconti Countess Kent 1380-1424 (26) were married at Southwark Cathedral. Lucia Visconti Countess Kent 1380-1424 (26) by marriage Earl Kent 6C 1360. He a 2 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France.

Before 1407 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 and Eleanor Holland 1386-1413 were married (he was her half third cousin once removed). He a 3 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

In 1407 [his daughter] Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 was born to Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (18) and [his wife] Eleanor Holland 1386-1413 (21). She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

Battle of Île de Bréhat

On 15 Sep 1408 [his brother-in-law] Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (24) was killed at Île de Bréhat during the Battle of Île de Bréhat. He was buried in Bourne Abbey aka Church of St Peter and St Paul Bourne.

After 06 Sep 1410 Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 and [his sister-in-law] Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 were married. [his sister-in-law] Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 by marriage Baron Scrope Masham. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

In Nov 1411 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (23) and [his sister-in-law] Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (26) were married (he was her first cousin once removed). He a Son of Henry IV King England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

After 1413 [his former wife] Eleanor Holland 1386-1413 died.

In 1414 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (25) was appointed 121st Knight of the Garter by his fourth cousin Henry V King England 1386-1422 (27).

Southampton Plot

On 31 Jul 1415, when Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) was in Portchester Castle preparing to invade France, Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) revealed the Southampton Plot to him (28). Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42), Thomas Grey 1384-1415 (30), and Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 were intending to replace Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) with Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) as King of England based on Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) having a better claim to the throne being descended from Edward III's second son Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 whereas Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) was descended from the third son John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399.
Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (30), Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (29), Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27) and Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) sat in judgement.

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397 extinct.
John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 and Edward Burnell -1415, were killed.
Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed. His brother William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.
The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12), Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29), Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57), John Grey 1387-1439 (28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37), Piers Legh 1389-1422 (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420 (22), Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (17), Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (30). Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35), Walter Sais, Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan -1471. Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46), , Philip Valois Burgundy II Count Nevers 1389-1415, John Bar 1380-1415, Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415, David Rambures 1364-1415 and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxemburg 1355-1415 were killed.
Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20) was captured by Richard Waller 1395-1462 (20) for which he was knighted on the battlefield by Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29).
John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.
Robert Bar Count Soissons Count Marle 1390-1415 was killed. Jeanne Bar Countess Soissons 1415-1462 succeeded Count Soissons 1367.
Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed.
Edward Bar III Duke Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed. His brother Cardinal Louis Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded I Duke Bar.
John Valois Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed. His son Jean Valois Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.
Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed. His son Antoine Metz Count Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.
Anthony Valois Burgundy Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed. His son John Valois Burgundy IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duke Brabant.

Before 27 Apr 1416 Henry Bromflete 1st Baron Vesci 1407-1469 and [his sister-in-law] Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 were married. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

In 1419 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (30) was created 1st Count Perche.

In 1421 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (32) was restored 4th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 6th Baron Montagu, 5th Baron Monthermer. [his future wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (17) by marriage Earl Salisbury 2C 1337.

After 1421 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 and Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 were married. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 by marriage Count Perche. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

Before 1423 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and [his daughter] Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 were married (he was her half fourth cousin). Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 by marriage 5th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337. He a Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

Battle of Cravant

On 31 Jul 1423 the English and Burgundian army defeated the French and Scottish armies at the Battle of Cravant at Cravant, Yonne. On the English side Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (35) commanded. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (38) was second in command.
The French and Scottish army were commanded by John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380-1429 (43). Louis Bourbon 1st Count Vendôme 1st Count Castres 1376-1446 (47) was second in command. Both were captured; Darnley lost an eye.

On 30 Jul 1424 [his mother] Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424 (64) died.

In 1425 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (36) was captured at Le Mans.

Siege of Orleans

On 12 Oct 1428 the Siege of Orleans commenced at Orleans. During the course of the siege Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (40) and Jean Poton Xaintrailles 1390-1461 (38) were wounded. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (31) commanded the English forces during some of the siege.

On 03 Nov 1428 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (40) died from wounds received at the Siege of Orleans. His daughter Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (21) succeeded 5th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 7th Baron Montagu, 6th Baron Monthermer. Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) by marriage Baron Montagu.

On 11 Nov 1430 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (34) and [his wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (26) were married. [his wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (26) by marriage Earl Suffolk 3C 1385. He a 4 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

On 20 May 1475 [his wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church Ewelme. Wrist Garter. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.  Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to [his wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). From left to right ...
1 Roet Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms. Alice's paternal grandparents.
2 De La Pole Arms impaled Stafford Arms. Her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419.
3 Montacute and Monthermer Arms impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents [his father] John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and [his mother] Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424.
4 De La Pole Arms quartered Chaucer Modern Arms.
5 Roet Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms.
6 Chaucer Modern Arms.
7 De La Pole Arms.
8 De La Pole Arms impaled England Henry IV Arms signifying Alice's son [his step-son] John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (31) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33).
Detail of the North Side of the monument to [his wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). Arms from left to right ...
1 De La Pole Arms quartered Chaucer Modern Arms impaled Unknown.
2 De La Pole Arms. Her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
3 De La Pole Arms quarted Chaucer Modern Arms. Alice's son [his step-son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
4 Chaucer Arms. Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434.
5 Montacute and Monthermer Arms quartering impaled Chaucer. Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428.
6 Roet Arms. Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387.
7 Roet Arms impaling England Henry IV Arms probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400.
8 Roet Arms impaling Chaucer Modern Arms. Her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387.