Biography of William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450

1415 Battle of Agincourt

1415 Siege of Harfleur

1428 Siege of Orleans

1429 Battle of Jargeau

1444 Treaty of Tours

1450 Murder of William de la Pole

On 05 Sep 1389 Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (59) died in Paris. His son [his father] Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 (28) succeeded 2nd Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.

Before 1394 [his father] Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and [his mother] Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 were married. [his mother] Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 by marriage Earl Suffolk 3C 1385. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

On 16 Oct 1396 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 was born to [his father] Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 (35) and [his mother] Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 (20) at Cotton. He a 4 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

Before 06 May 1410 [his brother] Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 and Elizabeth Mowbray Countess Suffolk 1394-1423 were married. He a 4 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

Siege of Harfleur

In Sep 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commenced his invasion of France by undertaking the Siege of Harfleur to provide himself with a port from which to supply future operations. John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (23), John Fastolf 1380-1459 (35) and Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (48) fought. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (18) was wounded. Benedict Nichols Bishop of St David's -1433 was present.

On 17 Sep 1415 [his father] Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 (54) died of dysentery. His son [his brother] Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) succeeded 3rd Earl Suffolk 3C 1385. Elizabeth Mowbray Countess Suffolk 1394-1423 (21) by marriage Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397 extinct.
John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 and Edward Burnell -1415, were killed.
[his brother] Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed. His brother William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.
The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12), Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29), Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57), John Grey 1387-1439 (28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37), Piers Legh 1389-1422 (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420 (22), Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (17), Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (30). Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35), Walter Sais, Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan -1471. Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46), , Philip Valois Burgundy II Count Nevers 1389-1415, John Bar 1380-1415, Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415, David Rambures 1364-1415 and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxemburg 1355-1415 were killed.
Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20) was captured by Richard Waller 1395-1462 (20) for which he was knighted on the battlefield by Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29).
John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.
Robert Bar Count Soissons Count Marle 1390-1415 was killed. Jeanne Bar Countess Soissons 1415-1462 succeeded Count Soissons 1367.
Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed.
Edward Bar III Duke Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed. His brother Cardinal Louis Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded I Duke Bar.
John Valois Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed. His son Jean Valois Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.
Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed. His son Antoine Metz Count Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.
Anthony Valois Burgundy Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed. His son John Valois Burgundy IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duke Brabant.

On 08 Apr 1419 [his mother] Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 (43) died.

In 1421 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (24) was appointed 139th Knight of the Garter by his fourth cousin once removed Henry V King England 1386-1422 (34).

After 1421 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 and [his future wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 were married. [his future wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 by marriage Count Perche. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

Siege of Orleans

On 12 Oct 1428 the Siege of Orleans commenced at Orleans. During the course of the siege Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (40) and Jean Poton Xaintrailles 1390-1461 (38) were wounded. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (31) commanded the English forces during some of the siege.

In 1429 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (32) commanded at Orleans during the Relief of Orleans.

Battle of Jargeau

On 11 Jun 1429 Joan Arc 1412-1431 (17) and Jean Poton Xaintrailles 1390-1461 (39) fought at Jargeau, Loiret during the Battle of Jargeau. [his brother] Alexander Pole -1429 was killed. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (32) surrendered.

In 1430 [his illegitimate daughter] Jane Pole 1430-1494 was born illegitimately to William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (33). She is believed to the result of William's liaison with a Nun during the trial of Joan of Arc.

On 11 Nov 1430 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (34) and Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (26) were married. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (26) by marriage Earl Suffolk 3C 1385. He a 4 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

In 1431 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (34) was ransomed.

In 1434 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (37) was appointed Constable Wallingford Castle.

On 27 Sep 1442 [his son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 was born to William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (45) and [his wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (38).

In 1444 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (47) was created 1st Marquess Suffolk 1C. [his wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (40) by marriage Marquess Suffolk 1C.

On 27 May 1444 John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (41) committed suicide. Suicide not certain but likely. Duke Somerset 1C 1443 extinct. His only child Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 aged one was his heir. Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (22) granted her wardship to William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (47) who married her to his son [his son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (1) when they were b oth young children. His brother Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (38) succeeded 4th Earl Somerset 2C 1397. Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (35) by marriage Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Treaty of Tours

On 28 May 1444 the Treaty of Tours was concluded. The terms included the marriage of Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (22) and Margaret of Anjou (14) in return for which England ceded the strategically important French County of Maine to France; she brought no dowry. The Treaty was negotiated by William de la Pole Duke of Suffolk (47). The cessation of Maine subsequently came as something of surprise to Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset (38) who was its Governor. He, Somerset (38), was offered the Governorship of Normandy instead leading to a further rift between Somerset (38) and Richard Duke of York (32) who had already been offered Normandy. These seeds of the Wars of the Roses were falling on fertile ground.

In 1447 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (50) was appointed Admiral England.

In 1447 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (50) was created 1st Earl Pembroke 6C 1447. [his wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (43) by marriage Earl Pembroke 6C 1447.

In 1448 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (51) was created 1st Duke Suffolk 1C 1448 by his fifth cousin Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (26). [his wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (44) by marriage Duke Suffolk 1C 1448.

Around Jan 1450 [his son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (7) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (6) were married (he was her half third cousin). The date subject to debate. Papal dispensation was granted on 18 August 1450. Margaret never recognised this marriage, and considered her next husband her first; as confirmed by her 1472 will. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 28 Jan 1450 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (53) was imprisoned at Tower of London.

Murder of William de la Pole

Before 01 May 1450 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 exiled for five years for having lost the English possessions in Northern France including Anjou and Maine which were part of Margaret of Anjou's wedding settlement.

On 01 May 1450 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (53) was beheaded at sea whilst travelling into exile his ship having been intercepted by the Nicholas of the Tower. On 01 May 1450 His son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (7) succeeded 2nd Marquess Suffolk 1C, 5th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (6) by marriage Marquess Suffolk 1C.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 20 May 1475 [his wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church Ewelme. Wrist Garter. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.  Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to [his wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). From left to right ...
1 Roet Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms. Alice's paternal grandparents.
2 De La Pole Arms impaled Stafford Arms. Her third husbands parents [his father] Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and [his mother] Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419.
3 Montacute and Monthermer Arms impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424.
4 De La Pole Arms quartered Chaucer Modern Arms.
5 Roet Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms.
6 Chaucer Modern Arms.
7 De La Pole Arms.
8 De La Pole Arms impaled England Henry IV Arms signifying Alice's son [his son] John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (31) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33).
Detail of the North Side of the monument to [his wife] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). Arms from left to right ...
1 De La Pole Arms quartered Chaucer Modern Arms impaled Unknown.
2 De La Pole Arms. Her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
3 De La Pole Arms quarted Chaucer Modern Arms. Alice's son [his son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
4 Chaucer Arms. Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434.
5 Montacute and Monthermer Arms quartering impaled Chaucer. Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428.
6 Roet Arms. Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387.
7 Roet Arms impaling England Henry IV Arms probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400.
8 Roet Arms impaling Chaucer Modern Arms. Her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387.