History of Barking

1666 Great Fire of London

1667 Raid on the Medway

Barking is in Essex.

On 11 Sep 1625 Charles Montagu 1564-1625 (61) died at Barking. He was buried in Church of St Margaret of Antioch.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 18 August 1662. 18 Aug 1662. Up very early, and up upon my house to see how work goes on, which do please me very well. So about seven o'clock took horse and rode to Bowe, and there staid at the Kings Head, and eat a breakfast of eggs till Mr. Deane of Woolwich came to me, and he and I rid into Waltham Forest, and there we saw many trees of the King's a-hewing; and he showed me the whole mystery of off square1, wherein the King is abused in the timber that he buys, which I shall with much pleasure be able to correct. After we had been a good while in the wood, we rode to Illford, and there, while dinner was getting ready, he and I practised measuring of the tables and other things till I did understand measuring of timber and board very well.

So to dinner and by and by, being sent for, comes Mr. Cooper, our officer in the Forest, and did give me an account of things there, and how the country is backward to come in with their carts.

By and by comes one Mr. Marshall, of whom the King has many carriages for his timber, and they staid and drank with me, and while I am here, Sir W. Batten (61) passed by in his coach, homewards from Colchester, where he had been seeing his son-in-law, Lemon, that lies a-dying, but I would take no notice of him, but let him go.

By and by I got a horseback again and rode to Barking, and there saw the place where they ship this timber for Woolwich; and so Deane and I home again, and parted at Bowe, and I home just before a great showre of rayne, as God would have it. I find Deane a pretty able man, and able to do the King service; but, I think, more out of envy to the rest of the officers of the yard, of whom he complains much, than true love, more than others, to the service. He would fain seem a modest man, and yet will commend his own work and skill, and vie with other persons, especially the Petts, but I let him alone to hear all he will say. Whiled away the evening at my office trying to repeat the rules of measuring learnt this day, and so to bed with my mind very well pleased with this day's work.

Note 1. Off-square is evidently a mistake, in the shorthand MS., for half square.

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1667 Raid on the Medway

Diary of Samuel Pepys 13 June 1667. 13 Jun 1667. No sooner up but hear the sad newes confirmed of the Royall Charles being taken by them, and now in fitting by them—which Pett (56) should have carried up higher by our several orders, and deserves, therefore, to be hanged for not doing it—and turning several others; and that another fleete is come up into the Hope.

Upon which newes the King (37) and Duke of York (33) have been below [Below London Bridge.] since four o'clock in the morning, to command the sinking of ships at Barking-Creeke, and other places, to stop their coming up higher: which put me into such a fear, that I presently resolved of my father's and wife's going into the country; and, at two hours' warning, they did go by the coach this day, with about £1300 in gold in their night-bag. Pray God give them good passage, and good care to hide it when they come home! but my heart is full of fear.

They gone, I continued in fright and fear what to do with the rest. W. Hewer (25) hath been at the banker's, and hath got £500 out of Backewell's hands of his own money; but they are so called upon that they will be all broke, hundreds coming to them for money: and their answer is, "It is payable at twenty days—when the days are out, we will pay you"; and those that are not so, they make tell over their money, and make their bags false, on purpose to give cause to retell it, and so spend time. I cannot have my 200 pieces of gold again for silver, all being bought up last night that were to be had, and sold for 24 and 25s. a-piece. So I must keep the silver by me, which sometimes I think to fling into the house of office, and then again know not how I shall come by it, if we be made to leave the office. Every minute some one or other calls for this or that order; and so I forced to be at the office, most of the day, about the fire-ships which are to be suddenly fitted out: and it's a most strange thing that we hear nothing from any of my brethren at Chatham; so that we are wholly in the dark, various being the reports of what is done there; insomuch that I sent Mr. Clapham express thither to see how matters go: I did, about noon, resolve to send Mr. Gibson away after my wife with another 1000 pieces, under colour of an express to Sir Jeremy Smith; who is, as I hear, with some ships at Newcastle; which I did really send to him, and may, possibly, prove of good use to the King (37); for it is possible, in the hurry of business, they may not think of it at Court, and the charge of an express is not considerable to the King (37).

So though I intend Gibson no further than to Huntingdon I direct him to send the packet forward. My business the most of the afternoon is listening to every body that comes to the office, what news? which is variously related, some better, some worse, but nothing certain. The King (37) and Duke of York (33) up and down all the day here and there: some time on Tower Hill, where the City militia was; where the King (37) did make a speech to them, that they should venture themselves no further than he would himself. I also sent, my mind being in pain, Saunders after my wife and father, to overtake them at their night's lodgings, to see how matters go with them.

In the evening, I sent for my cousin Sarah [Gyles] and her husband, who come; and I did deliver them my chest of writings about Brampton, and my brother Tom's (33) papers, and my journalls, which I value much; and did send my two silver flaggons to Kate Joyce's: that so, being scattered what I have, something might be saved. I have also made a girdle, by which, with some trouble, I do carry about me £300 in gold about my body, that I may not be without something in case I should be surprised: for I think, in any nation but our's, people that appear (for we are not indeed so) so faulty as we, would have their throats cut.

In the evening comes Mr. Pelling, and several others, to the office, and tell me that never were people so dejected as they are in the City all over at this day; and do talk most loudly, even treason; as, that we are bought and sold—that we are betrayed by the Papists, and others, about the King (37); cry out that the office of the Ordnance hath been so backward as no powder to have been at Chatham nor Upnor Castle till such a time, and the carriages all broken; that Legg is a Papist; that Upnor, the old good castle built by Queen Elizabeth, should be lately slighted; that the ships at Chatham should not be carried up higher. They look upon us as lost, and remove their families and rich goods in the City; and do think verily that the French, being come down with his army to Dunkirke, it is to invade us, and that we shall be invaded. Mr. Clerke (44), the solicitor, comes to me about business, and tells me that he hears that the King (37) hath chosen Mr. Pierpont (59) and Vaughan (63) of the West, Privy-councillors; that my Chancellor (58) was affronted in the Hall this day, by people telling him of his Dunkirke house; and that there are regiments ordered to be got together, whereof to be commanders my Lord Fairfax (55), Ingoldsby (49), Bethell, Norton, and Birch (51), and other Presbyterians; and that Dr. Bates will have liberty to preach. Now, whether this be true or not, I know not; but do think that nothing but this will unite us together.

Late at night comes Mr. Hudson, the cooper, my neighbour, and tells me that he come from Chatham this evening at five o'clock, and saw this afternoon "The Royal James", "Oake", and "London", burnt by the enemy with their fire-ships: that two or three men-of-war come up with them, and made no more of Upnor's shooting, than of a fly; that those ships lay below Upnor Castle, but therein, I conceive, he is in an error; that the Dutch are fitting out "The Royall Charles"; that we shot so far as from the Yard thither, so that the shot did no good, for the bullets grazed on the water; that Upnor played hard with their guns at first, but slowly afterwards, either from the men being beat off, or their powder spent. But we hear that the fleete in the Hope is not come up any higher the last flood; and Sir W. Batten (66) tells me that ships are provided to sink in the River, about Woolwich, that will prevent their coming up higher if they should attempt it. I made my will also this day, and did give all I had equally between my father and wife, and left copies of it in each of Mr. Hater and W. Hewer's (25) hands, who both witnessed the will, and so to supper and then to bed, and slept pretty well, but yet often waking.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II. In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of William Hewer 1642-1715. Before 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Colonel William Legge -1670 (copy after original). Before 17 Jul 1678 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of William Pierrepoint of Thoresby 1608-1678. Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674.

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On 21 Aug 1763 General Isaac Gascoyne 1763-1841 was born to Bamber Gascoyne 1725-1791 (38) at Barking.

1829. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839. Portrait of General Isaac Gascoyne 1763-1841.

All Hallows Barking, Essex

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1556. 07 Jul 1556. The vij day of July was hangyd on the galaus on Towre-hylle for tresun a-gaynst the quen, on master Hare Peckham, and the thodur master John Daneell, and after cutt downe and heded, and ther hedes cared unto Londune bryge and ther sett up, and ther bodys bered at Allalows-barkyng.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 22 April 1660. 22 Apr 1660 (Easter Sunday). Several Londoners, strangers, friends of the Captains, dined here, who, among other things told us, how the King's Arms are every day set up in houses and churches, particularly in Allhallows Church in Thames-street, John Simpson's church, which being privately done was, a great eye-sore to his people when they came to church and saw it. Also they told us for certain, that the King's statue is making by the Mercers' Company (who are bound to do it) to set up in the Exchange. After sermon in the afternoon I fell to writing letters against to-morrow to send to London. After supper to bed.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 22 October 1662. 22 Oct 1662. Up, and carrying my wife and her brother to Covent Garden, near their father's new lodging, by coach, I to my Lord Sandwich's (37), who receives me now more and more kindly, now he sees that I am respected in the world; and is my most noble patron. Here I staid and talked about many things, with my Lord and Mr. Povy (48), being there about Tangier business, for which the Commission is a taking out. Hence (after talking with Mr. Cooke, whom I met here about Mrs. Butler's portion, he do persist to say that it will be worth £600 certain, when he knows as well as I do now that it is but £400, and so I told him, but he is a fool, and has made fools of us).

So I by water to my brother's, and thence to Mr. Smith's, where I was, last night, and there by appointment met Mrs. Butler, with whom I plainly discoursed and she with me. I find she will give but £400, and no more, and is not willing to do that without a joynture, which she expects and I will not grant for that portion, and upon the whole I find that Cooke has made great brags on both sides, and so has abused us both, but know not how to help it, for I perceive she had much greater expectations of Tom's house and being than she finds. But however we did break off the business wholly, but with great love and kindness between her and me, and would have been glad we had known one another's minds sooner, without being misguided by this fellow to both our shames and trouble. For I find her a very discreet, sober woman, and her daughter, I understand and believe, is a good lady; and if portions did agree, though she finds fault with Tom's house, and his bad imperfection in his speech, I believe we should well agree in other matters. After taking a kind farewell, I to Tom's, and there did give him a full account of this sad news, with which I find he is much troubled, but do appear to me to be willing to be guided herein, and apprehends that it is not for his good to do otherwise, and so I do persuade (him) to follow his business again, and I hope he will, but for Cooke's part and Dr. Pepys, I shall know them for two fools another time.

Hence, it raining hard, by coach home, being first trimmed here by Benier, who being acquainted with all the players, do tell me that Betterton (27) is not married to Ianthe (25), as they say; but also that he is a very sober, serious man, and studious and humble, following of his studies, and is rich already with what he gets and saves, and then to my office till late, doing great deal of business, and settling my mind in pretty good order as to my business, though at present they are very many.

So home and to bed. This night was buried, as I hear by the bells at Barking Church, my poor Morena1, whose sickness being desperate, did kill her poor father; and he being dead for sorrow, she could not recover, nor desire to live, but from that time do languish more and more, and so is now dead and buried.

Note 1. The burial of Elizabeth, daughter of John Dekins or Dickens, is recorded in the parish register of All Hallows, Barking, as having taken place on October 22nd. See ante, October 3rd.

Around 1650 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672. Around 1657 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Thomas Povey Master of Requests 1614-1705.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 09 October 1664. 09 Oct 1664. Lord's Day. Lay pretty long, but however up time enough with my wife to go to church.

Then home to dinner, and Mr. Fuller (56), my Cambridge acquaintance, coming to me about what he was with me lately, to release a waterman, he told me he was to preach at Barking Church; and so I to heare him, and he preached well and neatly.

Thence, it being time enough, to our owne church, and there staid wholly privately at the great doore to gaze upon a pretty lady, and from church dogged her home, whither she went to a house near Tower Hill, and I think her to be one of the prettiest women I ever saw.

So home, and at my office a while busy, then to my uncle Wight's (62), whither it seems my wife went after sermon and there supped, but my aunt and uncle in a very ill humour one with another, but I made shift with much ado to keep them from scolding, and so after supper home and to bed without prayers, it being cold, and to-morrow washing day.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 04 September 1666. 04 Sep 1666. Up by break of day to get away the remainder of my things; which I did by a lighter at the Iron gate and my hands so few, that it was the afternoon before we could get them all away. Sir W. Pen (45) and I to Tower-streete, and there met the fire burning three or four doors beyond Mr. Hovell's, whose goods, poor man, his trayes, and dishes, shovells, &c., were flung all along Tower-street in the kennels, and people working therewith from one end to the other; the fire coming on in that narrow streete, on both sides, with infinite fury. Sir W. Batten (65) not knowing how to remove his wine, did dig a pit in the garden, and laid it in there; and I took the opportunity of laying all the papers of my office that I could not otherwise dispose of.

And in the evening Sir W. Pen (45) and I did dig another, and put our wine in it; and I my Parmazan cheese, as well as my wine and some other things. The Duke of Yorke (32) was at the office this day, at Sir W. Pen's (45); but I happened not to be within.

This afternoon, sitting melancholy with Sir W. Pen (45) in our garden, and thinking of the certain burning of this office, without extraordinary means, I did propose for the sending up of all our workmen from Woolwich and Deptford yards (none whereof yet appeared), and to write to Sir W. Coventry (38) to have the Duke of Yorke's (32) permission to pull down houses, rather than lose this office, which would, much hinder, the King's business. So Sir W. Pen (45) he went down this night, in order to the sending them up to-morrow morning; and I wrote to Sir W. Coventry (38) about the business, but received no answer. This night Mrs. Turner (43) (who, poor woman, was removing her goods all this day, good goods into the garden, and knows not how to dispose of them), and her husband supped with my wife and I at night, in the office; upon a shoulder of mutton from the cook's, without any napkin or any thing, in a sad manner, but were merry. Only now and then walking into the garden, and saw how horridly the sky looks, all on a fire in the night, was enough to put us out of our wits; and, indeed, it was extremely dreadful, for it looks just as if it was at us; and the whole heaven on fire. I after supper walked in the darke down to Tower-streete, and there saw it all on fire, at the Trinity House on that side, and the Dolphin Taverne on this side, which was very near us; and the fire with extraordinary vehemence.

Now begins the practice of blowing up of houses in Tower-streete, those next the Tower, which at first did frighten people more than anything, but it stopped the fire where it was done, it bringing down the1 houses to the ground in the same places they stood, and then it was easy to quench what little fire was in it, though it kindled nothing almost. W. Newer this day went to see how his mother did, and comes late home, telling us how he hath been forced to remove her to Islington, her house in Pye-corner being burned; so that the fire is got so far that way, and all the Old Bayly, and was running down to Fleete-streete; and Paul's is burned, and all Cheapside. I wrote to my father this night, but the post-house being burned, the letter could not go2. 5th. I lay down in the office again upon W. Hewer's (24), quilt, being mighty weary, and sore in my feet with going till I was hardly able to stand. About two in the morning my wife calls me up and tells me of new cRyes of fire, it being come to Barkeing Church, which is the bottom of our lane. I up, and finding it so, resolved presently to take her away, and did, and took my gold, which was about £2350, W. Newer, and Jane, down by Proundy's boat to Woolwich; but, Lord! what sad sight it was by moone-light to see, the whole City almost on fire, that you might see it plain at Woolwich, as if you were by it. There, when I come, I find the gates shut, but no guard kept at all, which troubled me, because of discourse now begun, that there is plot in it, and that the French had done it. I got the gates open, and to Mr. Shelden's, where I locked up my gold, and charged, my wife and W. Newer never to leave the room without one of them in it, night, or day. So back again, by the way seeing my goods well in the lighters at Deptford, and watched well by people.

Home; and whereas I expected to have seen our house on fire, it being now about seven o'clock, it was not. But to the fyre, and there find greater hopes than I expected; for my confidence of finding our Office on fire was such, that I durst not ask any body how it was with us, till I come and saw it not burned. But going to the fire, I find by the blowing up of houses, and the great helpe given by the workmen out of the King's yards, sent up by Sir W. Pen (45), there is a good stop given to it, as well as at Marke-lane end as ours; it having only burned the dyall of Barking Church, and part of the porch, and was there quenched. I up to the top of Barking steeple, and there saw the saddest sight of desolation that I ever saw; every where great fires, oyle-cellars, and brimstone, and other things burning. I became afeard to stay there long, and therefore down again as fast as I could, the fire being spread as far as I could see it; and to Sir W. Pen's (45), and there eat a piece of cold meat, having eaten nothing since Sunday, but the remains of Sunday's dinner.

Here I met with Mr. Young and Whistler; and having removed all my things, and received good hopes that the fire at our end; is stopped, they and I walked into the town, and find Fanchurch-streete, Gracious-streete; and Lumbard-streete all in dust. The Exchange a sad sight, nothing standing there, of all the statues or pillars, but Sir Thomas Gresham's picture in the corner.

Walked into Moorefields (our feet ready to burn, walking through the towne among the hot coles), and find that full of people, and poor wretches carrying their good there, and every body keeping his goods together by themselves (and a great blessing it is to them that it is fair weathe for them to keep abroad night and day); drank there, and paid two-pence for a plain penny loaf.

Thence homeward, having passed through Cheapside and Newgate Market, all burned, and seen Anthony_Joyce_1668's House in fire. And took up (which I keep by me) a piece of glasse of Mercers' Chappell in the streete, where much more was, so melted and buckled with the heat of the fire like parchment. I also did see a poor cat taken out of a hole in the chimney, joyning to the wall of the Exchange; with, the hair all burned off the body, and yet alive.

So home at night, and find there good hopes of saving our office; but great endeavours of watching all night, and having men ready; and so we lodged them in the office, and had drink and bread and cheese for them. And I lay down and slept a good night about midnight, though when I rose I heard that there had been a great alarme of French and Dutch being risen, which proved, nothing. But it is a strange thing to see how long this time did look since Sunday, having been always full of variety of actions, and little sleep, that it looked like a week or more, and I had forgot, almost the day of the week.

Note 1. A copy of this letter, preserved among the Pepys MSS. in the author's own handwriting, is subjoined: "SIR, The fire is now very neere us as well on Tower Streete as Fanchurch Street side, and we little hope of our escape but by this remedy, to ye want whereof we doe certainly owe ye loss of ye City namely, ye pulling down of houses, in ye way of ye fire. This way Sir W. Pen (45) and myself have so far concluded upon ye practising, that he is gone to Woolwich and Deptford to supply himself with men and necessarys in order to the doeing thereof, in case at his returne our condition be not bettered and that he meets with his R. Hs. approbation, which I had thus undertaken to learn of you. Pray please to let me have this night (at whatever hour it is) what his R. Hs. directions are in this particular; Sir J. Minnes (67) and Sir W. Batten (65) having left us, we cannot add, though we are well assured of their, as well as all ye neighbourhood's concurrence. "Yr. obedient servnt. "S. P. "Sir W. Coventry (38), "Septr. 4, 1666"..

Note 2. J. Hickes wrote to Williamson on September 3rd from the "Golden Lyon", Red Cross Street Posthouse. Sir Philip (Frowde) and his lady fled from the (letter) office at midnight for: safety; stayed himself till 1 am. till his wife and childrens' patience could stay, no longer, fearing lest they should be quite stopped up; the passage was so tedious they had much ado to get where they are. The Chester and Irish, mails have come-in; sends him his letters, knows not how to dispose of the business (Calendar of State Papers, 1666-67, p. 95).

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II. Before 23 Jun 1686 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of William Coventry 1628-1686. In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of William Hewer 1642-1715. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of John Mennes Comptroller 1599-1671.

Clay Hall, All Hallows Barking, Essex

Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica Fanshawe Wills Part I Thomasine Fanshaw. Abstract of the Will of Thomasine Fashawe, a.d. 15621.

In the Name of god amen. [4th October 3rd of Queen Elizabeth] I Thomazin ffanshaw, Wief vnto Henry ffanshawe (56) of London Esquiere2, being sick in boddie, but nevertheless of good and parfect mynd and remembrance Laud and praise be therfore giuen Vnto almightie god, doe by and with the full consente and agremente of my saide husband, make, ordaine and declare this my present testamente and last Will in manner and forme following, That is to saye, ffirst and principally I giue and commend my soule Ynto almightie god my maker and Bedemer, In Whome and by the merritts of the seconde person, Jesus Christ, I trust and beleve assuredly to be saued, and to haue full and clere remission and forgiveness of my svnnes. And I commyt my boddie to the yerth to be buried in Xpian [Christian] buriall. Where yt shall pleace god to appoint for me.

Item I giue and bequeath to my said husband Henry ffanshawe (56), all that my pcell of msh or meddow grownde called butchers Acre, containing by estimacon ij Acres ... in liipple mshe in the parrish of Barkin in the Countie ot Essex, that is to saye next adjoyning Ynto Prests meade on Thest syde thereof, Whereof one ende doth abutt Vppon Longebridge meddows South, and the Kings highe Wales there leding into Bipple msh on the North.3 [said Henry Fanshawe to hold said lands to him and his heirs. The other lands situate at Bipple Side, in the parishes of Barking and Dagenham, excepting Cottesmeads, on the death of said husband to go to Edward Hopkins my youngest brother and his heirs male, with Eemainder to Thomas Hopkins my brother and heirs male; Bemainder to John Hopkins, son of my late brother William Hopkins, and heirs male; Bemainder to Bobert Hopkins, son of my brother Bichard; Bemainder to Steven son of my brother John Hopkins, and his heirs and assigns for ever. Cottesmead (now on lease for 21 years to Henry Stockdall, who is not to be molested) on death of said Henry Fanshawe, to go to Paul Steven, son to Philip Steven].

Item I giue and bequeath to my mother Alice Hopkins my cloth gowne laed on with lace and fringed. Also I bequeath Vnto my Cosen Margery Edmonds Wief to Bobarte Edmonds als Lawson4 my best cloth gowne and my Kirtle of satten belonging to the same gowne gardea lyke to the saide gowne.

Item I bequeath to my Cosen Margaret ffrith her daughter my Scarlett mantle garded with Veluet, and my White satten sieves; Also I bequeath to ffrances Marshall her syster, my dooche gowne of Worsted. !tem 1 bequeath to Nicholas Marshall her brother my crampe Binge of gold5.

Item I giue and bequeath vnto my frende Mrs Alice Tego, my gowne of cloth furred with Mincks, and my Kirtle of tawney datnmaske and ij of my best White Neckerchefs.

Item I bequeath to mother Worte my clothe gowne furred with lambe and my olde Worsted Kirtle. And I bequeath to Jone Worte her daughter my olde Worsted cassocke.

Item I bequeath to Michaill Woorte her sister my olde grograyne gown Withoute sieves.

Item I giue and bequeath to Agnes Harding, my maiden servaunte, my olde cloth gowne lined and garded With Velvet. I bequeath to greate Mawde, my mayden servaunte, my petticote of cloth remajmeing in Claye Hall6. And also I bequeath to littell Maude, my mayden servaunte ij of my playne White neckerchiffs and ij of my White Lynnen Aprons. And I bequeath to Dorathe my mayden servaunte, my olde redd petticott and my longe Wastecote of fflannell.

Item I bequeath to Jane Kedington my mayden servaunte, my redd petticote Ypper boddice with chamblett. And I oequeath to every of my godchildren xijd. And of the execucon of this my laste testament and Will I ordaine and make my husbande Henry ffanshawe my sole executor, requiring and desiering hym to see this my testamt truly performed accordingly. In Witness Whereof as Well the saide Henry ffanshawe as the saide Thomazine to this my presente testament and laste Will have sett or Seales the Daye and yere above Written, in the presence of Richard Greye, mercer; Bobert Bassett, fishmonger and Thomas Person, scrivener, Citizens of London; Thomas ffnshawe; Willm Clynt, fishmonger.

Thomazin ffanshawe

per me Henricum ffanshawe. Thomas fianshaw. by me Robart Bassett. per me Richarde Grey. per me Thomas Pierson. per me Willm Clynte.

Proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, December 10, 1562, by Henry Fanshawe, husband and Executor. Begistered Streate 32.

1. This is the first Fanshawe will proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbnry. The merely legal and less important passages of this and many of the following wills are given in abstract, within brackets. Tne wills so treated are invariably termed ' abstracts.'

2. The first wife of Henry Fanshawe the Remembrancer, and daughter of William Hopkins, of Carswell, near C\Ay Hall, in the parish of Barking. She i» not mentioned in the Funeral Certificate of Henry Fanshawe (Vol. I. p. 814), but such omissions are not imcommon. The Hopkins pedi* grees at the College of Arms, and the wills of the Hopkins family proyed about this time in P. C. C, hare been carefully examined, but nothing has been found to ooimect WiUiam Hopkins with any of the more important families of that name; and there is reason to believe that he was nothing more than a simple husbandman, or, at most, a yeoman. The match does not appear in the Fanshawe pedigree, or in any other family memorial, and was apparautly forgotten until the publication of these Notes, It should, however, be stated that the persons mentioned by Mrs. Fanshawe as her cousins were people of substance.

3. These lands immediately adjoined the estate of Henry Fanshawe (56), her husband.

4. She was the second wife of Kobert Lawson, alias Edmonds, of Prittlewell Priory, oo. Essex, and daughter of Nicholas Cely, gent. He appears to have been Steward to Lord Rich, and was leasee of the manor of Prittlewell Priory under his Lordship. He died Febr. 7, 1&8(, aged 72, and was buried in Prittlewell Church. The Latin inscription on his tomb (no longer extant) diiicribed him as of the ancient family of the Lawsons of the north.

5. A ring worn to preserre from cramp and epilepsy.

6. The country-house of Henry Fanehawe at Barking : see notes to hia Will,

Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica Fanshawe Wills Part I Henry Fanshaw. Abstract of the Will of Henry Fanshawe (62), Esq., a.d. 15681

In the name of god, the father, the Sonne, and of the hollye goaste, thre parsones and one god, to whome be all honor prayse and glorye for ever amen. The first daye of September in the yeare of o' Lorde god a Thousand fyve hundred Threscore and Seaven, I Henrye fianshawe (62) of London, Esquire, the Quenes MatiesRemembraimcer of her graces courte of The Exchequor of Westmr, being of parfect mynde and of good memorye, thanks be to Almightye god and knowinge nothinge to be more certeine or assured vnto man then Deathe and yet the tyme thereof verye vncertaine, Nowe therefore desyrous to declare my laste will and Testament for the quyetnes of my Wyfe and for the preferment of my Childrenn, and payement of my Debts and performaunce of my legacyes. Doe presentlye make ordame and Declare my laste Wyll and Testament in manner and fourme hereafter folowinge, That is to eaye, ffirst and principallye I comraende my Sowle vnto the infinite marcye of allmightye god stediastelye beleavienge to be saved and to inheritt his blessed Kingedom by the onlye merytts and blessed passyone of his sonne Jhesus christe, to whome with the ffather and the Wholye ghoaste be all honor and glorye for ever amen, [My executor to receive the rents and profits of the manors and lands that I have on lease] saveing the ffearme of Cleyhall in the Countye of Essex until my debts be paid and will performed, and afterwards to receive the rents and issues of the capital house and lands called Newbames Co. Essex2 to the use of my daughter Anne until her marriage, and after her marriage said daughter Anne to have the lease of said premises to her own use]

And in like mannr my will and mynde is and I doe dispose that my saide executor shall after my saide debts paide and my Wyll performed, take all the yssues rentes and profits yearlye rysynge, growing or comeing of my Manners, Lands and Tenements of Vallaince Gallance3 and Easthall in the said countie of Essex, and of all my landes and Tenements in the said Countye called or knowen by the name of bedfordes lands4, to the vse and behowfe of my dawghter Susan yf she be then lyveinge, vntill suche tyme as she shall fortune to be maryed [and after her marriage to have my interest in such lands to her own use. The rents and profits of Bedfords lands] which ys worth yearely Tenne Poundes to be employed in bringeing vpp of my Dawghters [executor to receive rents of freehold lands in like manner and to be accountable to my daughters at their respective days of marriage. Should my wife die before debts are paid, the estates in which she has a life interest to go to executor on like trust.]

And furdre my will and mynde is, and I devise that my howse in Warricke lane in london5, and my tearme and interest therein shal be soulde by my executer for the some of ffyve hundred poundes wherein yt standeth me, for and towardes the payement of my Debtes.

And furdre my will and mynde is that toucheinge my Lease and ffearme of Clayhall in the said Countie of Essex6, and all my stocke of Cattell, household stuffe and furnyture of household there, shal be in manner and fourme foloweinge, That is to say, all suche Cattell as I haue there or elleswheare other then suche as be vsed for the Derye there and the necessary tyllage of Claye hall, shal be soulde for and towardes the payment of my Debtes [My wife to have use of the furniture and stock at Clay Hall for life if my term in the said farm shall endure so long, and the snme after her death to be delivered to my daughter Anne : if she be dead to her children if she have any, or if she have none to my daughter Susan.]

And toucheinge my lease of the parsonage of Dronfelde, 1 will that atlber my Debtes paid and my Will performed that my executor' shall bestowe and ymploye of a schole [scholar] to be had in Dronfelde, being the parrishe where I was borne, four whoale years profits and comodoties thereof [residue of said term to be devoted to the endowment of said school, and towards the building of a school house, and the wages and fees of a master. I give also to George Barley of Barley Esq. George Silcock gent, and to my brother John Fanshawe and their heirs, my lands and tenements in Chesterfield, Dronfield and Eygington or elsewhere in Co. Derby, in trust to keep and maintain the said school, master and] Vssher there for the bringing vp of poore children, and of suche other as shall come theither in Learenyinge and virtue7.

And after my Deceasse a true Inventorye be had and made of all my platt, beddinge, household stuff and furniture of householde, and the same to be Praysed by foure indifferent men by Indenture tryptytt, one part thereof to remayne wt my wyfe, thother wt my brother Maister John Stonarde, and the thyrde with my cosen Thomas ffanshawe8, whome I make mv soole executer of this my last will. [My wife to have a third part of plate and furniture, and my daughters Anne and Susan to have other two parts, at their respective days of marriage, with benefit of survivorship. My wife to have the bringing up of my said daughters.]

And furdre I will and devyse, and my mynde fullye is, that yf either of my said Dawghters will not be ruled in their marryadge Dy my said wyfe and my Executour, or do marrye without thassent or consent of my said wyfe and of my Executour, that then all the porc'on, legacies and bequeastes in this my will lymyted or given to her so marrying shal be vtterlye voide and of none effect to suche of my said Dawghters as will or shal be marryed %vithout thassent or consent of my saide wyfe, and of my executer. [In such case her portion to go to the other daughter.]

And yf yt shall fortune that bothe my said dawghters shall marrye without thassent of my sayde wyfe and of my executour ( Which god forbyd) then I will and devise that my executor shall employe and bestowe a convenyent porc'on of theire legacyes and bequeastes towardes and vpou a Scheie in barking in the countie of Essex at the discretion of my Executor9.

Item I will and giue to William Wolstenholme10 my lease and tearme of Elhowse landes11, [charged with £10 yearly towards the bringing up of said daughters. My executor to give an account of receipts and payments once a year] to my brother Mr John Stonarde, Thomas Smythe of London Esquire, and to my brother ffrancis Stonarde, my Cosynn John bullock of Thynner Temple gent, whome I make overscars of this my laste will and Testament [To each £10, Debts to be paid within two years after my decease, woods and underwoods on all my lands to said executor in trust as aforesaid.]

Item I give to Ales ffanshawe12 my lease of the landes and tenements in brymyngton in the Countie of Derbie.

Item I give my Svant Xpofer Eglesfeilde, the portigue13 that was in my Truncke towardes his paynes.

per me Thomam ffanshawe14.

Proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterburj, November 1568, by Thonuui FanBhawe, Executor. Registered Bahington 2115.

1. For particulars of him see his Funeral Certificate — the first of the series - and the Pedigrees (Vol. I. pp. 314, 320).

2. In the parish of West Hain.

3. Valence is situate in the parishes of Barking and Dagenham, within a short distance of Jenkins and Parsloes, the other seats of the Fanshawe family in this neighbourhood. The old moated house of Valence still stands, and presents much the same appearance as in the days of Henry Fanshawe. In 1594 it was the residence of Mr. Timothy Lucy (brother to Justice Shallow), who married Susanna, youngest daughter of Henry Fanshawe. Valence was held on renewable lease from the Dean and Canons of Windsor, and it is still church property.

4. Not the estate of Bedfords near Bomford, but lands so called at Ripple Side, Barking.

5. Held of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, at the yearly reut of £4 : see a curious description of it in the draft will of 1566.

6. Clay Hall is situate in the northern part of the mrish of Barking, not far from Woodford, and quite away from Valence and the other estates of the Fanshawe family at Barking. It belonged at this time to Sir George Colt of Long Melford, of whom Henry Fanshawe held it on lease. The house in which Henry Fanshawe lived is roughly sketched on the map of Barking manor made in 1658, — a large gabled house. In a MS. account of the principal houses near Barking, written by Mr. Smart Lethieullier about 120 years ago, Clay Hall is described as " a Noble Seat finely Situated, & commanding a pleasant prospect. No Less than 80 Rooms were Standing within a few years past, but It is Now Entirelv pulled down, & A Small farm House built in its Stead." It is, however, probable that Clay Hall had been rebuilt about a century before the date of this MS., by Sir Thomas Cambell. In the Royal Surrey of the manor of Barking made 1617, the older house is described as "one fair Capitall Messuage called Clayhall, with fair gardens, Orchards, Walks, Court yarda and houses of Office thereunto belonging."

7. A grammar school was accordingly founded at Dronfield, which still flourishes. On a panel in the chanoel of Dronfield Church (high up) is the following inscription relating to Henry Fanshawe's benefaction : — [1569] " Henry Fanshaw Esq', Remembrancer of the Court of Exchequer, left ye yearly rents of several parcels of land in Dronfield, Chesterfield, and Eckington, for the Erecting of a Free Grammar School in Dronfield afores'd, and for ye maintaining of a Master and usher there for ever." The patronage of the school is still in the Fanshawe family.

8. Thomas Fanshawe, his nephew, afterwards of Ware Park and Jenkins, ob. 1600.

9. It has been already stated in the notes to the Funeral Certificate of Henry Fanshawe, and to the Pedigree and Kegisters, that Anne Fanshawe died unmarried in 1584, and that Susanna Fanshawe married Mr. Timothy Lucy. Long after this time a free school was founded at Barking by Sir James Cambell of Clay Hall.

10. Of Hocklevs at the Watering, now called Bedbridge Farm, near Clay Hall, ob. 1586. His will — the original — ^remains among the Fanshawe papers at the Beoord Office.

11. In Wanstead parish.

12. Daughter of his brother John Fanshawe, of Fanshawe Gate; married, in August, 1575, Mr. Edward Eliott.

13. A Portuguese coin of gold, value £3. 128. : a common legacy in wills about this time.

14. Sic in Reg., but this is probably the attestation of Thomas Fanshawe, his nephew. In that ease the will yiua Healed only. See his signature to draft will, below.

15. In the curious MS. collection called the Fanshawe Papers, at the Public Record Office (Miscell. Queen's Rem. Excheq.) are included two draft-wills of Henry Fanshawe; one made in the lifetime of his first wife; the other soon after his second marriage. They are both interesting documents, and it has been thought desirable that they should be printed with the proved will. The first draft is short, and is given in extenso; the seoond, though imperfect at the end, is long, and an abstract has therefore been made of it, the more interesting passages being given in full. The notes previously given may serve to explain the more obscure points in these wills, and it only seems necessary to add that Garswell (a life-interest in which Henry Fanshawe gave his father-in-law Hopkins) was situate near Clay Hall; Luckwell, Sparkswood, Hainault, Tramwoll Poole, Hellows, etc., were also near Clay Hall; Dovehouse Croft, Blackhouse, the lands curiously called Cuckolds' Haven, Fulks, and others mentioned, are in or near the town of Barking; the manor of Wolves is in Tendring Hundred; Browns wood was near Highbury, in the parish of Islington. The bulting-house in the family house in Warwick Lane was the bolting-house, or place where the meal was sifted; the hotthouse was probably a forcing-house in the garden. Henry Fanshawe had lived in Bread Street before moving into Warwick Lane. Among the Fanshawe Papers in P. B. O. are several letters of a business nature, addressed to him in Bread Street.

Customs House All Hallows Barking, Essex

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VII. 1506. This yeare a great parte of the cittie of Norwich was burnt, and the towne of Berkwaye more then halfe burnt. Also a great fier in London betwene the Custome Howsse and Billinsgate, that did great hurte.

Tower Street All Hallows Barking, Essex

On 19 May 1591 Elizabeth Manners 15th Baroness Ros Helmsley 1575-1591 (16) died in childbirth at Tower Street All Hallows Barking. William Cecil 16th Baron Ros Helmsley 1590-1618 (1) succeeded 16th Baron Ros Helmsley.

Barking Abbey

Church of St Margaret of Antioch, Barking, Essex

On 11 Sep 1625 Charles Montagu 1564-1625 (61) died at Barking. He was buried in Church of St Margaret of Antioch.

Custom House, Barking, Essex

John Evelyn's Diary 22 September 1671. 22 Sep 1671. I dined at the Treasurer's (41), where I had discourse with Sir Henry Jones (now come over to raise a regiment of horse), concerning the French conquests in Lorraine; he told me the King (41) sold all things to the soldiers, even to a handful of hay.

Lord Sunderland (30) was now nominated Ambassador to Spain.

After dinner, the Treasurer (41) carried me to Lincoln's Inn, to one of the Parliament Clerks, to obtain of him, that I might carry home and peruse, some of the Journals, which were, accordingly, delivered to me to examine about the late Dutch War. Returning home, I went on shore to see the Custom House, now newly rebuilt since the dreadful conflagration.

Around 1672 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Thomas Clifford 1st Baron Clifford Chudleigh 1630-1673. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II