History of Berkeley Castle

Berkeley Castle is in Berkeley.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Henry I Beauclerc 1121. 1121. And the king (53) was at Easter at Berkley; and after that at Pentecost he held a full court at Westminster; and afterwards in the summer went with an army into Wales. And the Welsh came against him; and after the king (53)'s will they accorded with him.

Around 1170 Thomas Berkeley 4th Baron Berkeley 1170-1243 was born to Maurice Berkeley 2nd Baron Berkeley 1120-1190 (50) and Alice Berkeley Baroness Berkeley 1135-1190 (35) at Berkeley Castle.

On 16 Jun 1190 Maurice Berkeley 2nd Baron Berkeley 1120-1190 (70) died at Berkeley Castle. He was buried at Berkeley Castle. His son Robert Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley 1165-1220 (25) succeeded 3rd Baron Berkeley Feudal.

In 1218 Maurice Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley 1218-1281 was born to Thomas Berkeley 4th Baron Berkeley 1170-1243 (48) and Joan Somery Baroness Berkeley 1195-1276 (23) at Berkeley Castle.

On 29 Nov 1243 Thomas Berkeley 4th Baron Berkeley 1170-1243 (73) died at Berkeley Castle. He was buried at St Augustine's Abbey, Bristol. His son Maurice Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley 1218-1281 (25) succeeded 5th Baron Berkeley Feudal. Isabella Plantagenet Baroness Berkeley by marriage Baroness Berkeley Feudal.

On 23 Jul 1245 Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 was born to Maurice Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley 1218-1281 (27) and Isabella Plantagenet Baroness Berkeley at Berkeley Castle. He a great grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216.

Around 1268 Alice Berkeley 1268-1290 was born to Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (22) and Joan Ferrers Baroness Berkeley -1309 at Berkeley Castle. She a great x 2 granddaughter of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216.

In Apr 1271 Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 was born to Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (25) and Joan Ferrers Baroness Berkeley -1309 at Berkeley Castle. He a great x 2 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216.

In 1320 Maurice Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1320-1368 was born to Thomas Rich Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1296-1361 (24) and Margaret Mortimer Baroness Berkeley 1304-1337 (16) at Berkeley Castle.

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 1 Chapter 12 How that sir Hugh Spencer the elder and the earl of Arundel were judged to death. WHEN the queen (31) and her barons and all her company were lodged at their ease, then they besieged the castle as near as they might. The queen (31) caused sir Hugh Spencer (65) the elder and the earl of Arundel (20) to be brought forth before Edward her son (13) and all the barons that were there present, and said how that she and her son (13) should take right and law on them according to their deserts. Then sir Hugh Spencer (65) said, `Madam, God be to you a good judge and give you good judgment,1 and if we cannot have it in this world, I pray God we may have it in another.' Then stept forth Sir Thomas Wake (29), a good knight and marshal of the host, and there openly he recounted their deeds in writing, and then turned him to another ancient knight to the intent that he should bring him on that case fauty, and to declare what should be done with such persons, and what judgment they should have for such causes. Then the said knight counselled with other barons and knights, and so reported their opinions, the which was, how they had well deserved death for divers horrible deeds, the which they have commised, for all the trespass rehearsed before to justify to be of truth; wherefore they have deserved for the diversities of their trespasses to have judgment in three divers manners-first, to be drawn, and after to be headed, and then to be hanged on the gibbet. This in likewise as they were judged so it was done and executed before the castle of Bristow in the sight of the king and of sir Hugh Spencer the younger (65). This judgment was done in the year of our Lord MCCCXXVI., on Saint Denis' day in October [Note. Saint Denis' day is 09 Oct not 27 Oct?]. And after this execution the king (42) and the young Spencer (40), seeing themselves thus besieged in this mischief, and knew no comfort that might come to them, in a morning betimes they two with a small company entered into a little vessel behind the castle, thinking to have fled to the country of Wales. But they were eleven days in the ship, and enforced it to sail as much as they might; but whatsoever they did, the wind was every day so contrary to them by the will of God, that every day once or twice they were ever brought again within a quarter of a mile to the same castle. At the last it fortuned, sir Henry Beaumont (47), son to the viscount Beaumont (99) in England, entered into a barge and certain company with him, and spied this vessel and rowed after him so long that the ship wherein the kin (42) was could not flee fast before them, but finally they were overtaken, and so brought again to the town of Bristow and delivered to the queen (31) and her son (13) as prisoners. Thus it befell of this high and hardy enterprise of sir John of Hainault (38) and his company. For when they departed and entered into their ships at Dordrecht, they were but three hundred men of arms; and thus by their help and the lords in England, the queen Isabel conquered again all her estate and dignity, and put unto execution all her enemies, whereof all the most part of the realm were right joyous, without it were a few persons such as were favourable to sir Hugh Spencer (40) and of his part. And when the king (42) and sir Hugh Spencer (40) were brought to Bristow by the said sir Henry Beaumont, the king (42) was then sent by the counsel of all the barons and knights to the strong castle of Berkeley, and put under good keeping and honest, and there were ordained people of estate about him, such as knew right well what they ought to do; but they were straitly commanded that they should in no wise suffer him to pass out of the castle. And sir Hugh Spencer (40) was delivered to sir Thomas Wake (29), marshal of the host. And after that the queen (31) departed and all her host toward London, which was the chief city of England, and so rid forth on their journeys, and sir Thomas Wake (29) caused sir Hugh Spencer (40) to be fast bound on the least and leanest 2 horse of all the host, and caused him to wear on a tabard such as traitors and thieves were wont to wear.

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On 05 Apr 1327 King Edward II of England (42) was imprisoned at Berkeley Castle.

Death of Edward II

On 21 Sep 1327 King Edward II of England (43) was murdered at Berkeley Castle. There is speculation as to the manner of his death, and as to whether he died at all. Some believe he may have lived the rest of his life in Europe.

On 05 Jan 1352 Thomas Berkeley 9th Baron Berkeley 3rd Baron Lisle 1352-1417 was born to Maurice Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1320-1368 (32) and Elizabeth Despencer Baroness Berkeley 1325-1389 (27) at Berkeley Castle. He a great x 2 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 27 Oct 1361 Thomas Rich Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1296-1361 (65) died at Berkeley Castle. His son Maurice Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1320-1368 (41) succeeded 8th Baron Berkeley Feudal, 4th Baron Berkeley 1C 1295.

In 1394 James Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1394-1463 was born to James Berkeley 1355-1405 (39) and Elizabeth Bluet 1358-1420 at Berkeley Castle. He a great x 3 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1426 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 was born to James Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1394-1463 (32) and Isabel Mowbray Baroness Berkeley 1400- (26) at Berkeley Castle.

In 1435 Maurice Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley 1435-1506 was born to James Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1394-1463 (41) and Isabel Mowbray Baroness Berkeley 1400- (35) at Berkeley Castle.

In 1452 John Talbot 1st Viscount Lisle 1426-1453 (26) stormed and took James Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1394-1463 (58) and his sons prisoner at Berkeley Castle.

On 22 Oct 1463 James Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1394-1463 (69) died at Berkeley Castle. He was buried at St Augustine's Abbey, Bristol. His son William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (37) succeeded 2nd Baron Berkeley 2C 1421.

In Sep 1506 Maurice Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley 1435-1506 (71) died at Berkeley Castle. He was buried at St Augustine's Abbey, Bristol. His son Maurice Berkeley 4th Baron Berkeley 1467-1523 (39) succeeded 4th Baron Berkeley 2C 1421.

Around 1511 Mary Berkeley 1511-1586 was born to James Berkeley of Thornbury (38) and Susan Fitzalan at Berkeley Castle.

In 1544 Maurice Berkeley Standard Bearer 1506-1581 (38) was appointed Constable Berkeley Castle.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter V: Country House Visits. From Cowes we went to stay with the Ailesburys at Savernake, and then to Badminton, where the Beauforts had a large family party. The church was attached to the house, and one actually walked out of the library into the Parish Church, where the roomy Beaufort pew was well warmed by a fire. I remember going with the Duchess, my mother, and Lord Cantelupe (27) to see Berkeley Castle, a most interesting but very uncomfortable draughty old place. I afterwards heard that Colonel Berkeley (55), whose name figured in certain scandals of the Regency, had spent much of his time there with the numerous frail ladies who found him irresistible.

On 10 Oct 1857 Colonel William Berkeley 1st Earl Fitzhardinge 1786-1857 (70) died at Berkeley Castle. Earl Fitzhardinge and Baron Segrave 3C 1831 extinct.