History of Bury St Edmunds

1153 Eustace of Blois Dies

1190 Massacre of the Jews at Bury St Edmunds

1381 Peasant's Revolt

1447 Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

1533 Funeral of Mary Tudor

1640 Long Parliament

1774 General Election

Bury St Edmunds is in Suffolk.

Eustace of Blois Dies

On 17 Aug 1153 King Stephen's eldest son Eustace Blois IV Count Boulogne 1130-1153 (23) died at Bury St Edmunds. Probably from food poisoning, possibly murdered for having sacked the Abbey. His brother William Blois I Count Boulogne 1137-1159 (16) succeeded I Count Boulogne.

Around 30 May 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine (35) spent Whitsun at Bury St Edmunds for a ceremonial crown wearing.

Massacre of the Jews at Bury St Edmunds

On 18 Mar 1190 at Bury St Edmunds fifty-seven of the Jewish population were murdered.

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 1 Chapter 10 How that the queen Isabel arrived in England with sir John of Hainault in her company. 1326. THUS was sir John of Hainault (38) moved in his courage and made his assembly, and prayed the Hainowes to be ready at Hal, and the Brabances at Breda, and the Hollanders to be at Dordrecht at a day limited. Then the queen of England (31) took leave of the earl of Hainault (40) and of the countess (32), and thanked them greatly of their honour, feast and good cheer that they had made her, kissing them at her departing. Thus this lady (31) departed and her son (13) and all her company with Sir John of Hainault (38), who with great pain gat leave of his brother, saying to him: 'My lord and brother, I am young and think that God hath purveyed for me this enterprise for mine advancement. I believe and think verily that wrongfully and sinfully this lady hath been chased out of England, and also her son. It is alms and glory to God and to the world to comfort and help them that be comfortless, and specially so high and so noble a lady as this is, who is daughter to a king and descended of a royal king; we be of her blood and she of ours. I had rather renounce and forsake all that I have and go serve God over the sea and never to return into this country, rather than this good lady should have departed from us without comfort and help. Therefore, dear brother, suffer me to go with your good-will, wherein ye shall do nobly, and I shall humbly thank you thereof, and the better thereby I shall accomplish all the voyage.' And when the good earl of Hainault had well heard his brother (38), and perceived the great desire that he had to his enterprise, and saw well it might turn him and his heirs to great honour hereafter, said to him: 'My fair brother, God forbid that your good purpose should be broken or let: therefore in the name of God I give you leave'; and kissed him, straining him by the hand in sign of great love. Thus he departed and rode the same night to Mons in Hainault with the queen of England (31). What should I make long process? They did so much by their journeys that they came to Dordrecht in Holland, whereas their special assembly was made. And there they purveyed for ships great and small, such as they could get, and shipped their horses and harness and purveyance, and so commended themselves into the keeping of God and took their passage by sea. In Sanses de Boussoit, the lord of Vertaing, the lord of Potelle, the lord Villers, the' lord of Hennin, the lord of Sars, the lord of Bousies, the lord of Aubrecicourt, the lord of Estrumel, and sir Wulfart of Ghistelles, and divers other knights and squires, all in great desire to serve their master. And when they were all departed from the haven of Dordrecht, it was a fair fleet as for the quantity, and well ordered, the season was fair and clear and right temperate, and at their departing with the first flood they came before the dikes of Holland; and the next day they drew up their sails and took their way in coasting Zealand; and their intents were to have, taken land at Dongport;1 but they could not, for a tempest took them in the sea, that put them so far out of their course that they wist not of two days where they were: of the which God did them great grace, for if they had taken land at the port whereas they had thought, they had been all lost, for they had fallen in the hands of their enemies, who knew well of their coming, and abode them there to have put them all to death. So it was that about the end of two days the tempest ceased, and the mariners perceived land in England and drew to that part right joyously, and there took land on the sands without any right haven or port at Harwich, as the English chronicle saith, the 24th day of September, the year of our Lord MCCCXXVI., and so abode on the sands three days with little purveyance of victual, and unshipped their horses and harness, nor they wist not in what part of England they were in, other in the power of their friends or in the power of their enemies. On the fourth day they took forth their way in the adventure of God and of Saint George, as such people as had suffered great disease of cold by night and hunger and great fear, whereof they were not as then clean rid. And so they rode forth by hills and dales on the one side and on the other, till at the last they found villages and a great abbey of black monks, the which is called SaintEdmund, whereas they three days refreshed themselves.

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After 15 Jun 1381 John Cavendish 1346-1381 was buried at Bury St Edmunds.

Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

On 20 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) was arrested on a charge of treason by John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (37), Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (44), Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (41), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (47) and Ralph Boteler 6th Baron Sudeley 1389-1473 (58).
On 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) died at Bury St Edmunds. He was possibly poisoned although more likely he died from a stroke. He was buried at St Alban's Cathedral. His death left England with no heir to the throne in a direct line. Richard 3rd Duke York (35) became heir presumptive until the birth of Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales 1453-1471 six years later.

Around 1483 Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester 1483-1555 was born at Bury St Edmunds.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1553. 12 Jul 1553. The xij day [of] July by nyght, was cared to the Towre iij carts [full of all] maner of ordenans, as gret gune and smalle, bowes, bylls, speres, mores-pykes, arnes, arowes, gunpowther, and wetelle, monay, tentes, and all maner of ordenans, gunstones a gret nombur, and a grett nombur of men of armes; and yt had been for a gret army toward Cambryge; and ij days after the duke, and dyvers lordes and knyghts whent with him, and mony gentylmen and gonnars, and mony men of the gard and men of armes toward my lade Mare grace, to destroye here grace, and so to Bury, and alle was agayns ym-seylff, for ys men forsok hym .... and of dyvers maters, and so in dyvers plases .... contres was her grace proclamyd quen of [England.]

18 Jul 1553. The xviij. daye the duke (49), perceaving howe their succours came not, and also receyving from some of the counsell at the Tower lettres of discomfort, retoumed from Bury, and came back agayn to Cambridge.

Diary of Henry Machyn August 1555. 02 Aug 1555. The ij day of August was a shumaker bornyd at sant Edmundebere in Suffoke for herese.

In 1587 William Hervey 1587-1660 was born at Bury St Edmunds.

In 1593 Francis Prujean Physician 1593-1666 was born to Francis Prujean Rector at Bury St Edmunds.

In 1614 Thomas Jermyn 1573-1645 (41) was elected MP Bury St Edmunds.

Around 1627 Francis Chaplin Lord Mayor 1627-1680 was born at Bury St Edmunds.

On 14 Nov 1627 Elizabeth Waldegrave -1627 died. On 06 Dec 1629 Arthur Coke 1587-1629 (42) died in Bury St Edmunds. Jacobean Hooded Monument sculpted by Nicholas Stone Sculptor 1587-1647 (40) in St Andrew's Church Bramfield. White and black marble; reclining effigy of Elizabeth with Arthur kneeling in prayer above within an arched Recess; Arms over the arch and surrounding it are seven Cartouches.

Long Parliament

In Nov 1640 Henry Jermyn 1st Earl St Albans 1605-1684 (35) was elected MP Bury St Edmunds during the Long Parliament.

In Nov 1640 Thomas Jermyn 1617-1659 (23) was elected MP Bury St Edmunds during the Long Parliament.

In 1661 Edmund Pooley of Bradley in Suffolk 1619-1701 (42) was elected MP Bury St Edmunds which seat he held until 1671.

On 27 Aug 1665 John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol 1665-1751 was born to Thomas Hervey 1625-1694 (40) at Bury St Edmunds.

1738 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman Painter 1694-1744. Portrait of John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol 1665-1751.

In 1673 Thomas Jermyn 2nd Baron Jermyn 1633-1703 (39) was elected MP Bury St Edmunds.

John Evelyn's Diary 28 August 1677. 28 Aug 1677. To visit my Lord Chamberlain (59), in Suffolk; he sent his coach and six to meet and bring me from St. Edmund's Bury to Euston.

John Evelyn's Diary 04 September 1677. 04 Sep 1677. I went to visit my Lord Crofts (66), now dying at St. Edmunds Bury, and took the opportunity to see this ancient town, and the remains of that famous monastery and abbey. There is little standing entire, save the gatehouse; it has been a vast and magnificent Gothic structure, and of great extent. The gates are wood, but quite plated over with iron. There are also two stately churches, one especially.

John Evelyn's Diary 13 September 1677. 13 Sep 1677. My Lord's coach conveyed me to Bury, and thence baiting at Newmarket, stepping in at Audley-End to see that house again, I slept at Bishop-Stortford, and, the next day, home. I was accompanied in my journey by Major Fairfax, of a younger house of the Lord Fairfax, a soldier, a traveler, an excellent musician, a good-natured, well-bred gentleman.

In 1689 Robert Davers 2nd Baronet Davers 1653-1722 (36) was elected MP Bury St Edmunds.

In 1703 Robert Davers 2nd Baronet Davers 1653-1722 (50) was elected MP Bury St Edmunds.

On 27 Apr 1759 Bishop Bowyer Sparke 1759-1836 was born to Major William Sparke at Bury St Edmunds.

1774 General Election

In 1774 Charles Davers 6th Baronet Davers 1737-1806 (36) was elected MP Bury St Edmunds during the 1774 General Election.

In 1818 Henry Fitzroy 5th Duke Grafton 1790-1863 (27) was elected MP Bury St Edmunds which seat he held until 1820.

In 1826 Henry Fitzroy 5th Duke Grafton 1790-1863 (35) was elected MP Bury St Edmunds which seat he held until 1831.

In 1831 Charles Fitzroy 1791-1865 (39) was elected MP Bury St Edmunds.

Brockley, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

On 15 Oct 1285 Roger Zouche 1242-1285 (43) died at Brockley.

Bury St Edmund's Abbey, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

In 1202 Bishop Hugh of Northwold -1254 became a monk of the Bury St Edmund's Abbey.

On 07 Aug 1213 Bishop Hugh of Northwold -1254 was elected Abbot of Bury St Edmund's Abbey.

Funeral of Mary Tudor

On 21 Jul 1533 Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (37) was buried at Bury St Edmund's Abbey. Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580 (14) chief mourner.

In 1544 Master John Painter. Portrait of Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533.

Jurmin Wuffingas -654 was reburied at Bury St Edmund's Abbey.

Bury St Edmund's School, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

Around 1738 Francis Willoughby 3rd Baron Middleton 1726-1774 (11) educated at Bury St Edmund's School.

Around 1740 Thomas Willoughby 4th Baron Middleton 1728-1781 (11) educated at Bury St Edmund's School.

Market Place, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

Peasant's Revolt

On 15 Jun 1381 John Cavendish 1346-1381 (35) was captured at Church of St Mary Cavendish during the Peasant's Revolt. He was beheaded in the Market Place in Bury St Edmunds.

Hengrave, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

Hengrave Hall Hengrave, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

Before 25 May 1524 John Bourchier 2nd Earl Bath 4th Count Eu 1499-1561 and Eleanor Manners Countess Bath and Eu were married at Hengrave Hall Hengrave. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 11 Dec 1548 John Bourchier and Frances Kitson -1586 were married at Hengrave Hall Hengrave. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III England.

Horringer, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

Little Horringer Hall Horringer, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

On 10 Jan 1999 Frederick William John Augustus Hervey 7th Marquess Bristol 1954-1999 (44) died of multiple organ failure due to chronic drug abuse almost penniless at Little Horringer Hall Horringer.

Ickworth, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

Ickworth House Ickworth, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

Around 1700 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson Painter 1667-1745 (32). Portrait of Robert Davers 1st Baronet Davers 1620-1685 (80). Ickworth House Ickworth.

Around 1700 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson Painter 1667-1745. Portrait of Robert Davers 1st Baronet Davers 1620-1685. Ickworth House Ickworth.

Around 1723 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson Painter 1667-1745 (55). Portrait of Robert Davers 3rd Baronet Davers 1684-1723 (39). Ickworth House Ickworth.

Around 1723 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson Painter 1667-1745. Portrait of Robert Davers 3rd Baronet Davers 1684-1723. Ickworth House Ickworth.

On 30 Oct 1864 Frederick Hervey 2nd Marquess Bristol 1800-1864 (64) died at Ickworth House Ickworth. His son Frederick William John Hervey 3rd Marquess Bristol 1834-1907 (30) succeeded 3rd Marquess Bristol, 3rd Earl Jermyn.

1837. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871. Portrait of Frederick Hervey 2nd Marquess Bristol 1800-1864.

On 10 Oct 1870 Herbert Hervey 5th Marquess Bristol 1870-1960 was born to Augustus Henry Charles Hervey 1837-1875 (33) in Ickworth House Ickworth.

In Mar 1994 Frederick William John Augustus Hervey 7th Marquess Bristol 1954-1999 (39) sold the contents of Ickworth House Ickworth at auction for £2.3 million.

St Mary's Church Ickworth, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

On 18 Jan 1680 John Hervey 1616-1680 (63) died. He was buried in St Mary's Church Ickworth.

On 23 Feb 1999 Frederick William John Augustus Hervey 7th Marquess Bristol 1954-1999 (44) was buried at St Mary's Church Ickworth.

St Mary's Church, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

After 25 Jun 1533 Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 was reburied at St Mary's Church.