History of Camden

Camden is in London.

Bedford Square Camden

Caroline Street Bedford Square Camden

Gower Street, Bedford Square Camden

7 Gower Street, Bedford Square Camden

1851 to 1852. John Everett Millais Painter Baronet 1829-1896 (21). "Ophelia". Hamlet Act IV Scene 7 Part IV in which Queen Gertrude describes Ophelia's death to Laertes. Millais painted the scene near Tolworth using the River Hogsmill. Elizabeth Siddal Model 1829-1862 (21) modelled in a bath-tub at 7 Gower Street. Note the initials PRB bottom right next to his name.

Bloomsbury

Cricklewood, Camden

Watling Street 1d Marble Arch to St Albans. From Marble Arch Watling Street continues north-west along the Edgeware Road, Maida Vale, Cricklewood, Sulloniacis, Radlett, Park Street to Verulamium aka St Albans.

Euston, Camden

Euston Road, Camden

44 Euston Road, Camden

Boys Industrial School, 44 Euston Road, Camden

Memorials of Edward Burne-Jones 1860. After 09 Jun 1860. Our own home-coming was informal, for Russell Place had not expected us so soon and was unprepared to receive us; there were no chairs in our dining-room, nor any other furniture that had been ordered except a table. But what did that matter? if there were no chairs there was the table, a good, firm one of oak, sitting upon which the bride received her first visitors, and as the studio was in its usual condition there was a home at once. The boys at the Boys Home in Euston Road had made the table from the design of Philip Webb (29), and were busy with chairs and a sofa, which presently arrived. The chairs were high-backed black ones with rush seats, and the companion sofa was of panelled wood painted black. The chairs have disappeared, for they were smaller articles, vigorously used and much moved about, but the table and sofa have always shared the fortunes of their owners and were never superseded: we ate our last meal together at that table and our grandchildren laugh round it now. How modest the scale of our housekeeping was it would be hard to say, and also how rich we felt: "we live in great happiness and thankfulness"was the clue given my friend Charlotte as to our estate.

Euston Square, Camden

56 Euston Square, Camden

Letters of Christina Rossetti 1869 Letter 380. 56 Euston Square, N.W.

Friday afternoon, 14th. [May 1869]1

My dear Miss Boyd (44)

Thank you warmly for so exceedingly kind an invitation, concerning which I will only put forward one regret, that Mrs Epps [Note. Not clear who Mrs Epps is since Laura Theresa Epps Painter 1852-1909 (17) didn't marry Lawrence Alma-Tadema Painter 1836-1912 (33) until 1871] should lose what might so have refreshed her both in mind and in body. And indeed, if I may, I will say that should it after all turn out that she could visit lovely Penkill you will without hesitation let me know your altered plans to which I shall most readily conform mine. On the other hand if I go, it will be a special indulgence to travel with the Scotts [Note. William Bell Scott Painter 1811-1890 (58) and Letitia Margery Norquoy] and as you give me so generous a latitude I will even feel housed at the Castle until a companion offers with whom to start south again;—the journey being somewhat formidably lengthy. But this, of course, only in case it brings my visit within not altogether unreasonable dimensions. How very kind you are to me, and how much I should like to make my gratitude obvious to you. Knowing what a Dear Mrs Scott is, I think she will kindly let me know her plans in due course: meanwhile I expect to run down to Gloucester next week on a little visit to my Uncle if he will have me, but to be up again in time for Penkill.

My love, please, to Mrs Scott, and a kindred sentiment to Mr Scott (58). We saw Gabriel (41) last night, but I know nothing at all about his summer plans.2

My Mother (69) desires her most cordial remembrances to you, and adds her thanks to mine on my behalf.

Always and affectionately yours

Christina G. Rossetti (38).

I expect you will find me quite a different order of being this year as regards walking, and I mean to trim up my old hat for possible croquet.

1. Endorsed: "1867." CGR returned to Penkill in 1869, from 9 June to 22 July, not in 1867.

2. DGR (41) was at Penkill from mid-August to 20 September.

1862. Dante Gabriel Rossetti Painter 1828-1882. Portrait of Alice Boyd Painter 14th Lord Penkill 1825-1897. Around 1891. Lawrence Alma-Tadema Painter 1836-1912. 1876. Lawrence Alma-Tadema Painter 1836-1912. Portrait of Laura Theresa Epps Painter 1852-1909. After Jul 1871. Catherine Emily Brown Painter 1850-1927. Portrait of Laura Theresa Epps Painter 1852-1909. 1871. George Frederick Watts 1817-1904. Portrait of Dante Gabriel Rossetti Painter 1828-1882. 1853. William Holman Hunt Painter 1827-1910. Portrait of Dante Gabriel Rossetti Painter 1828-1882. Memorials of Edward Burne-Jones 1860. After 09 Jun 1860. It was quite clear that we must give up Paris and get to our own home as soon as the doctor gave Edward leave to travel; so ruefully enough I wrote to Gabriel and told him how things were; and his answer was a comfort to us, for he reported that they were both tired of 1866. Dante Gabriel Rossetti Painter 1828-1882. Drawing of Christina Georgina Rossetti 1830-1894.

Letters of Christina Rossetti 1867 Letter 387. 56 Euston Square, London, N.W.

Thursday afternoon. [August 1869]

My dear Alice (44)

You who are lady of castle and lands, and deal justice not only to man and maid but likewise to fish and fowl, might be amused to witness the painstaking responsibility and toil with which I keep house for two. This arduous housekeeping added to my habitual labours and enterprises must explain your kind letter’s having waited awhile for its answer; its enclosed plume of fluff1 fans the flame of my grateful remembrance of you and Penkill,—not that this needed fanning.

Please thank Mr Scott (58) for the note which puts my scrap to the blush, and assure him that if a second creative moment unlocks the lips of Sir Bedavere2 the golden utterance will reach Maria (42) whether addressed to her in Euston Sq., or at 3 Copt Hall Place—Folkestone.

It is a blameless triumph that a letter reached you on Tuesday morning. I hope the oldest inhabitant continues to thrive, and that if the crabb—dear me! I have turned him into ½ a poet!3—if the crab’s position becomes too pitiable he may regain freedom and peace in his native sea. Aunt Eliza was delighted with the weed we picked up together, and cannot have had such a haul I know not when.—Mrs Scott shared with me the enjoyment of your letter last Saturday when I had the pleasure of lunching with her at Notting Hill. She looked and seemed well. Now I am hoping, but not with confidence, that she will say "yes" and meet the Edgcomes4 at tea here next Saturday. These mutual friends are migrating to the immediate neighbourhood of Oxford with an eye to retrenchment, and have promised to make two at a peculiarly festive festivity which may call together no more than themselves and Aunt Eliza to honour my teaboard;—for Mrs Scott may say "no", and William (39) may have flitted to Folkestone for a glimpse of our Mother. Gabriel (41) le désiré has asked people to dine with him tomorrow, so presumably he cannot at once be exchanging Chelsea for lovely Penkill;—but I merely infer.—I hope the red lady and her blossoming bower grace and enhance each other;— and that the S.K. windows are progressing to the satisfaction both of blue-eyes and light-(!)-eyes; not to the production of a permanent "Grecian bend".5—William has read me his life of Shelley,6 in which I find matter to interest me and impartiality to admire. Certainly impartiality is not a feminine virtue.—Poor ducklings suggestive of green peas! Perhaps the gentleman who discerned in you a "dear girl" might also view you as a "duck"—and thus make you a cannibal.

1. The enclosure does not remain with the letter.

2. CGR’s allusion here is obscure.

3. George Crabbe was one of CGR’s favorite poets.

4. Not identified.

5. The first reference is to the paintings illustrative of The King’s Quair, in process when CGR was first at Penkill in 1866 and completed by her second visit in June of 1869; the second is to WBS’s stained-glass windows for the Ceramic Gallery of the South Kensington Museum (Bornand, p. 145 n. 1). "Blue-eyes and light-(!)-eyes" probably refer to Alice Boyd and Letitia Scott. "Grecian Bend" remains obscure.

6. See letter no. 373, n. 2.

Great Russell Street, Camden

Montague House, Great Russell Street, Camden

John Evelyn's Diary 11 May 1676. 11 May 1676. I dined with Mr. Charleton, and went to see Mr. Montague's (37) new palace, near Bloomsbury, built by Mr. Hooke (40), of our Society, after the French manner.

John Evelyn's Diary 05 November 1679. 05 Nov 1679. I was invited to dine at my Lord Teviotdale's, a Scotch Earl, a learned and knowing nobleman. We afterward went to see Mr. Montague's new palace near Bloomsbury, built by our curator, Mr. Hooke (44), somewhat after the French; it was most nobly furnished, and a fine, but too much exposed garden.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 October 1683. 10 Oct 1683. Visited the Duchess of Grafton (28), not yet brought to bed, and dining with my Lord Chamberlain (her father) (65), went with them to see Montague House, a palace lately built by Lord Montague (44), who had married the most beautiful Countess of Northumberland (29). It is a stately and ample palace. Signor Verrio's (47) fresco paintings, especially the funeral pile of Dido, on the staircase, the labors of Hercules, fight with the Centaurs, his effeminacy with Dejanira, and Apotheosis or reception among the gods, on the walls and roof of the great room above,—I think exceeds anything he has yet done, both for design, coloring, and exuberance of invention, comparable to the greatest of the old masters, or what they so celebrate at Rome. In the rest of the chamber are some excellent paintings of Holbein, and other masters. The garden is large, and in good air, but the fronts of the house not answerable to the inside. The court at entry, and wings for offices seem too near the street, and that so very narrow and meanly built, that the corridor is not in proportion to the rest, to hide the court from being overlooked by neighbors; all which might have been prevented, had they placed the house further into the ground, of which there was enough to spare. But on the whole it is a fine palace, built after the French pavilion-way, by Mr. Hooke, the Curator of the Royal Society. There were with us my Lady Scroope, the great wit, and Monsieur Chardine (39), the celebrated traveler.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723. One of the Hampton Court Beauties. In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723. Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 wearing his Garter Robes. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 January 1686. 06 Jan 1686. Passed the Privie Seale, amongst others, the creation of Mrs. Sedley J (concubine to) Countesse of Dorchester (28), which the Queene took very grievously (27), so as for two dinners, standing neere her I observed she hardly eate one morsel, nor spake one word to the King (52), or to any about her, tho' at other times she us'd to be extreamly pleasant, full of discourse and good humour. The Roman Catholics were also very angry, because they had so long valu'd the sanctity of their religion and proselytes. Dryden (54) the famous playwriter, and his two sonns, and Mrs. Nelly (35) (Misse to ye late) were said to go to masse; such proselytes were no greate losse to the church. This night was burnt to the ground my Lord Mountague's (75) palace in Bloomsbury, than wch for painting and furniture there was nothing more glorious in England. This happen'd by the negligence of a servant, airing, as they call it, some of the goods by the fire in a moist season; indeede so wet and mild a winter had scarce ben seene in man's memory. At this Seale there also pass'd the creation of Sr H. Walgrave (25) to be a Peere. He had married one of the King's natural daughters (19) by Mrs. Churchill (48). These two Seales my brother Commissioners pass'd in the morning before I came to towne, at. wch I was not displeas'd. We likewise pass'd Privy Seales for 5.2/6,000 upon severall accounts, pensions, guards, wardrobes, pri vie purse, &c. besides divers pardons, and one more wch I must not forget (and wch by Providence I was not present at) one Mr. Lytcott to be Secretary to the Ambassador to Rome. We being three Commissioners, any two were a quorum.

In 1684 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Catherine Sedley Countess Dorchester and Portmore 1657-1717. In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. In 1698. Francois de Troy Painter 1645-1730. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Around 1685 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of John Dryden 1631-1700. Around 1693. Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of John Dryden 1631-1700. Around 1697. Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of John Dryden 1631-1700. Around 1665 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of John Dryden 1631-1700. Before 08 Oct 1699 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (attributed). Portrait of Nell Gwyn Actor 1650-1687. Around1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Nell Gwyn Actor 1650-1687. Before 14 Nov 1687 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Nell Gwyn Actor 1650-1687. Around 1661 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. Around 1662 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. One of the Windsor Beauties. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671.

Around 1690 Daniel Finch 2nd Earl Nottingham 7th Earl Winchilsea 1647-1730 (42) commissioned the building of Burley-on-the-Hill House as it is known today. Christopher Wren 1632-1723 (66) was consulted. The designs of Montague House and Devonshire House were reviewed.

In 1711 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Christopher Wren 1632-1723.

Queen Square Bloomsbury, Camden

Church of St George the Martyr Queen Square Bloomsbury, Camden

On 26 Jul 1717 Charles Cadogan 2nd Baron Cadogan 1685-1776 (32) and Elizabeth Sloane Baroness Cadogan 1695-1768 (22) were married at Church of St George the Martyr Queen Square Bloomsbury. The marriage transferred the 250-acre (1.0 km2) Sloane estate in suburban Chelsea to the Cadogan family, which has been the basis of the family wealth ever since.

On 01 Jul 1738 Coventry Carew 6th Baronet 1717-1748 (21) and Mary Bampfylde Lady Carew -1762 were married at Church of St George the Martyr Queen Square Bloomsbury. They were first cousins.

On 26 Dec 1823 John Dunn-Gardner 1811-1903 (12) was baptised John Townshend at Church of St George the Martyr Queen Square Bloomsbury.

St George's Church Bloomsbury, Camden

In 1828 Bishop John Lonsdale 1788-1867 (39) became Rector of St George's Church Bloomsbury.

14 Jun 1913. The Central News reported:

Emily Wilding Davison's (40) funeral procession passing Piccadilly Circus, 14th June 1913. Following her tragic death, Davison was instantly embraced as a martyr to the cause. On 14 June 1913 her body was borne on an open hearse through London to a memoroial service at St George's Church, Bloomsbury before being taken by train to Morpeth, Northumberland for a family funeral. The funeral procession (the last great suffrage march) was organised by fellow suffragette Grace Roe, and the memorial service was presided over by clergy from the Church League for Women's Suffrage.

Torrington Square, Camden

30 Torrington Square, Camden

Letters of Christina Rossetti 1885 Letter 1299. 30 Torrington Square—W.C.

Saturday 28th [?February 1885]

My dear Alice (60),

My Mother & I pay you affectionate thanks—to you & to Mrs Scott—for offering us this time a friendly pleasure we can accept. With your leave we hope to be with you at 2 o’clock next Thursday, & shall be happy to see the Miss Courtneys again, & to look forward to a late view of Mr Scott. Pray observe that your memoria technica has enabled me to spell your sisters’ names correctly.1 It is happy for me that you did not select Thursday in this week, as I am struggling thro’ an amorphous phase thanks to a gathering in my nose!! but by next Thursday I trust I may be presentable to indulgent eyes. My dearest Mother’s health continues, I am thankful to say, good, & she takes her little walks despite various winds of the compass.

With my Aunt’s remembrances

Always your affectionate

Christina G. Rossetti (54)

1. Actually AB’s (60) half sisters, born to her mother Margaret Losh Boyd who married Henry Courtney after her first husband’s death. AB’s brother, Spencer Boyd, thirteenth laird of Penkill Castle, left the property to Alice at his death in 1865 but with the proviso that if she died without an heir it would pass to one of his mother’s remaining children. Thus, when AB died on 11 April 1897, Penkill and the title were inherited by Eleanor Margaret Courtney Boyd (fifteenth laird), the eldest of the half sisters mentioned in this letter.

1862. Dante Gabriel Rossetti Painter 1828-1882. Portrait of Alice Boyd Painter 14th Lord Penkill 1825-1897. 1866. Dante Gabriel Rossetti Painter 1828-1882. Drawing of Christina Georgina Rossetti 1830-1894. In or before 1865. William Bell Scott Painter 1811-1890. Portrait of Spencer Boyd 13th Lord Penkill -1865.

Chalk Farm, Camden

Roundhouse, Chalk Farm, Camden

On 15 Oct 1966 the International Times was launched at an event at the Roundhouse. Soft Machine and Pink Floyd played. In the audience were Paul McCartney and Marianne Faithfull.

Ely Palace Camden

On 05 Jun 1467 the challenger Edward Woodville Lord Scales 1456-1488 (11) travelled to London and was conveyed to Ely Palace Camden by John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40).

After 1557 John Arundell 1530-1590 was imprisoned at Ely Palace Camden.

Great Ormond Street Camden

On 24 Feb 1725 John Pratt 1657-1725 (68) died in Great Ormond Street Camden.

Holborn Camden

Newcastle House, Holborn Camden

On 08 Sep 1692 Ralph Montagu 1st Duke Montagu 1638-1709 (53) and Elizabeth "Mad Duchess" Cavendish Duchess Albermarle Duchess Montagu 1654-1734 (38) were married at Newcastle House. She the daughter of Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1691 (62) who had died the year before and the widow of Christopher Monck 2nd Duke Albemarle 1653-1688 (39).

In 1676 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (attributed). Portrait of Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1691 wearing the his Garter Collar. Around 1693 Thomas Murray Painter 1663-1735. Portrait of Christopher Monck 2nd Duke Albemarle 1653-1688.

St Andrew Holborn Holborn Camden

Around 1660 William Stanton 1639-1705 (21) had set up a business adjacent to St Andrew Holborn Holborn Camden.

Vine Tavern Holborn Camden

On 19 May 1676 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (32) died. He had been returning home somewhat less than sober from an evening in the Vine Tavern when he fell into a ditch in Long Acre. He was carried to his lodgings in Lincoln's Inn Fields but didn't recover. He was buried in St Giles in the Fields.

Primrose Hill, Camden

On 12 Oct 1679 Edmund Berry Godfrey 1621-1678 (57) was murdered. He was found dead in a ditch at Primrose Hill lying face down on his own sword. The investigation concluded he had been strangled and subsequently moved.

St George's Terrace, Primrose Hill, Camden

67 St George's Terrace St George's Terrace, Primrose Hill, Camden

On 16 May 1860 Anne Isabella Noel Baroness Byron 15th Baroness Despencer 11th Baroness Wentworth 1792-1860 (67) died at 67 St George's Terrace St George's Terrace.

St Giles in the Fields Church, Camden

Tottenham Court Road, Camden

On 23 Aug 1746, Saturday, Robert Rochfort 1st Earl of Belvedere 1708-1774 (38) and Richard Herbert MP 1704-1754 (42) engaged in a duel over a long-standing debt of honour at the fields between Tottenham Court Road and Marylebone. Robert Rochfort 1st Earl of Belvedere 1708-1774 (38) was badly wounded. Richard Herbert MP 1704-1754 (42) received a ball in the eye which came out at the back of the skull. He survived albeit with mentaal impairment.

Whitfield Chapel, Tottenham Court Road, Camden

On 04 Aug 1799 or 07 Aug 1799 John Bacon 1740-1799 (58) died from inflammation of the bowels at his house in 17 Newman Street. He was buried at Whitfield Chapel under the north gallery. His epitaph, self-penned, reads "What I was as an artist seemed of some importance while I lived; but what I really was as a believer in Jesus Christ is the only thing of importance to me now."