History of Fleet Prison

Fleet Prison is in Farringdon Road.

In 1534 Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (52) was imprisoned in the Fleet Prison for having used excessive force in his roile as Justice of the Peace Kent during a property dispute in Shipbourne between the rector and Robert Brenner of Hadlow, a servant of Edward Guildford 1474-1534 (60) who was the father-in-law of John Dudley 1504-1553 (30), the future Duke of Northumberland.

On 25 Aug 1537 Richard Tempest of Bracewell 1480-1537 (57) died in Fleet Prison.

In 1543 Ambassador Philip Hoby 1505-1558 (38) was briefly imprisoned at Fleet Prison on suspicion of having heretical beliefs.

Around 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Ambassador Philip Hoby 1505-1558.

On 24 Mar 1551 Judge Richard Morgan -1556 was sent to Fleet Prison for hearing Mass at the chapel of Princess Mary.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1553. 31 Jul 1553. The xxxj day of July was delevered owt of the Towre the duke of Suffoke (36); and the sam day rod thrugh London my lade Elssabeth (19) to Algatt, and so to the qwens (37) grace her sester, with a M1. hors with a C. velvett cotes.

The sam tyme cam to the Flett the yerle of Ruttland (26) and my lord Russell (68), in hold. The qwen('s) (37) grace mad [sir Thomas] Jarnyngham [Note. Thomas a mistake for Henry] vyce-chamburlayn and captayne of the garde, and ser Edward Hastyngs (32) her grace mad ym the maister of the horsse the sam tym.

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father. Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1554 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558. Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Mary I 1st Year 25 Apr 1554. 25 Apr 1554. The 25 of Aprill the jurie that quitt Sir Nicholas Throckmorton appeared before the Lord Chauncellor and the Queens Councell in the Starre Chamber at Westminster and were committed to warde. Thomas Whetstone, haberdasher, which was the foreman of the jurie, and Emanuell Lucare, marchant taylor, were sent to the Tower of London, and all the rest of the jurie were sent to the Fleete.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1554. After 14 Nov 1554. The (blank) day of November cam to the Fleet [Barlow (56)] sumtyme bysshope of (Bath and Wells), and master Kardmaker parsun of sant Brydes in Fletstret was the.... thay wher gohyng over see lyke marchands.

Diary of Henry Machyn December 1555. 10 Dec 1555. The x day of Desember was had to the Towre ser Anthony Kyngston (47) knyght, and to the Flett, and cam owt a-gayn shortely aft

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1559. After 07 Apr 1559. The (blank) day cam from Franse my lord chamburlayn Haward (38) and my lord bysshope of Elly (53) and master doctur Wotton, and (unfinished) .... ye Tempull, and ix .... dener, and ther dynyd the consell and dyvers notabyll .... and juges, and my lord mayre (50) and the althermen, and the [officers of the] Chansseres [Chancery] and the Flett, and the Kyngesbynshe, and the Marshalsea; [and they] gayff gownes of ij collers, morreys and mustars, and ... ij collers ... hondered; and at v of cloke at after-non [the new] serganttes whent unto sant Thomas of Acurs in a ... gowne and skarlette hodes a-bowt ther nekes, and whyt [hoods on] ther hedes, and no capes [caps]; and after they whent unto Powles with typstayffes and offesers of the Kyngbynche, and odur plasses, and [they were] browth be ij old serganttes, one after a-nodur in skarlett ... of north syd, and ther thay stod tyll thay had brou[th them] unto ix sondre pellers [pillars] of the north syd, and after the ... cam unto the furst, and after to the reseduu; and thay whe[nt back] unto the Tempull on a-lone [one-by-one], and a-for whent the ... and the rulers and the Chansere and of the Kyngbynche [ij and ij to]gether, and after cam a hondered in parte cottes of ...

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1560. 20 May 1560. The xx day of May was send to the Towre master Fecknam (45), docthur Wattsun (45) latt byshope of Lynkolne, and docthur Colle (60) latt dene of Powlles, and docthur Chadsay; and at nyght abowtt viij of the cloke was send to the Flett docthur Score (50), and master Fecknam (45) the last abbot of Westmynster, to Towre.

Diary of Henry Machyn June 1560. 10 Jun 1560. The sam (day) was cared to the Flett docthur Colle (60) latt dene of Powlles.

Diary of Henry Machyn October 1561. 18 Oct 1561. The xviij day of October ther was (a) fray be-twyn my lord Montyguw('s) (32) men and my lord Delaware('s) (35) men, and after the ij lordes wher sent to the Flett, and the men to the Masselsay.

In 1559 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 wearing a Garter Collar and St George Pendant.

Diary of Henry Machyn October 1561. 22 Oct 1561. The xxij day of October my lord Montyguw (32) and my lord Delaware (35) wher delevered owtt of the Flett home.

After 19 Aug 1565 Thomas Keyes 1523-1571 was imprisoned for having married Mary Grey 1545-1578 without the Queen's permission at Fleet Prison.

In 1580 (possibly 1579) Dean Henry Cole 1500-1580 (80) died at Fleet Prison.

In Mar 1599 John Spencer Lord Mayor -1610 was imprisoned ostensibly for having mis-treated his daughter albeit the accuser was William Compton 1st Earl of Northampton -1630 who was trying to marry the said daughter much to William's disapproval at Fleet Prison.

Around 1590. Unknown Painter. Miniature Portrait of William Compton 1st Earl of Northampton -1630.

In Feb 1601 William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630 (20) was sent to Fleet Prison for refusing to marry Mary Fitton 1578-1647 (22) when she became pregnant.

Before 1630 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630. Around 1595. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Fitton 1578-1647. 1592. Unknown Painter. Portrait of sisters Anne Fitton 1574-1587 aged eighteen and Mary Fitton 1578-1647 aged fifteen.

On 20 Oct 1602 Walter Leveson 1550-1602 (52) died at the Fleet Prison.

In May 1613 Thomas Killigrew Playwright 1612-1683 (1) was caught talking to Thomas Overbury, a prisoner in the Tower of London, and sent to the Fleet Prison for a short time. He was later accused of involvement in Overbury's murder, because he had supplied white powder to his patron, the Earl of Somerset (26), but exonerated.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Thomas Killigrew Playwright 1612-1683. In 1638 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Thomas Killigrew Playwright 1612-1683 and (probably) William Crofts 1st Baron Crofts 1611-1677. Around 1628 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (copy from original). Portrait of Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset 1587-1645.

In May 1613 Robert Killigrew 1580-1633 (33) was imprisoned at Fleet Prison.

On 17 Mar 1617 Gervase Clifton 1st Baron Clifton 1570-1618 (47) was prosecuted by the Star Chamber and moved to Fleet Prison.

On 14 Oct 1618 Gervase Clifton 1st Baron Clifton 1570-1618 (48) stabbed himself to death in the Fleet Prison. Katherine Clifton Duchess Lennox 1592-1637 (26) succeeded 2nd Baron Clifton.

In 1619 Walter Butler 11th Earl Ormonde 4th Earl Ossory 1559-1633 (60) was imprisoned at Fleet Prison for opposing the King's scheme to bring an end to the feuding between the Fitzgerald and Butler families.39136:39136 Walter Butler 11th Earl Ormonde 4th Earl Ossory 1559-1633 (60) was in prison for eight years.

Around Feb 1621 Francis Norreys 1st Earl Berkshire 1579-1622 (41) was imprisoned for attacking Emanuel Scrope 1st Earl of Sunderland 1584-1630 (36) in front of the House of Lords in the presence the future King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (20) at Fleet Prison.

In 1611 Robert In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine. Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

In Jan 1625 King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (58) signed a warrant for the trial for adultery of the Robert Howard 1584-1653 (41) and Frances Coke Viscountess Purbeck 1602-1645 (22) in the ecclesiastical Court of High Commission. The trial was likely at the instigation of her brother-in-law George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628 (32). Robert Howard 1584-1653 (41) was imprisoned at the Fleet Prison. She was placed under house arrest.

Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. Around 1605 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter. In 1621 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter. Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. 1623. Adam de Colone 1572-1651. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. 1580. Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. In 1623 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt Painter 1566-1641. Portrait of Frances Coke Viscountess Purbeck 1602-1645. Before 1628 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt Painter 1566-1641. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628. In 1616 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628 wearing his Garter Robes and Leg Garter. Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628. In 1619 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628. Around 1625 Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628.

In 1627 Richard Ogle of Pinchbeck 1553-1627 (74) died in Fleet Prison.

On 21 Jun 1661 William Monson 1st Viscount Monson 1599-1672 (62) surrendered himself to Parliament and was imprisoned at Fleet Prison for being a Regicide. On 01 Jul 1661 he was brought up to the bar of the House of Commons, and, after being made to confess his crime, was degraded from all his honours and titles and deprived of his property. He was also sentenced to be drawn from the Tower through the city of London to Tyburn, and so back again, with a halter about his neck, and to be imprisoned for life.

Around 1672 William Monson 1st Viscount Monson 1599-1672 (73) died at Fleet Prison.

John Evelyn's Diary 27 June 1690. 27 Jun 1690. I went to visit some friends in the Tower, when asking for Lord Clarendon, they by mistake directed me to the Earl of Torrington (42), who about three days before had been sent for from the fleet, and put into the Tower for cowardice and not fighting the French fleet, which having beaten a squadron of the Hollanders, while Torrington (42) did nothing, did now ride masters of the sea, threatening a descent.

Before 1661. Remigius van Leemput Painter 1607-1675. Copy of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 portrait of Henry Hyde, Viscount Cornbury and his first wife Theodosia Capell.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 April 1696. 06 Apr 1696. I visited Mr. Graham in the Fleet.

In 1705 William Reresby 3rd Baronet Reresby 1668-1735 (37) died at Fleet Prison having gambled away the family money and estates. Leonard Reresby 4th Baronet Reresby 1679-1748 (26) succeeded 4th Baronet Reresby of Thribergh in Yorkshire.

In or before 1731 Anne Hamilton 1709-1748 (21) and Mary Edwards 1704-1743 (27) were married in the Chapel of Fleet Prison. She was the richest woman in England at the time having aounrd £60000. Evidence of the marriage was scant; she never used the Hamilton name, although it was reported in the Gentleman's Magazine. She eventually separated from her husband making her children illegitimate. Somewhat curiously his baptism records show his surname as Edwardes.

In 1742 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764. Portrait of Mary Edwards 1704-1743.

In 1797 Elizabeth Luttrell "Bad Lady Betty" 1743-1797 (54) was imprisoned in the Fleet Prison for her gambling debts; and gave a hairdresser 50 pounds to marry her, which, according to the then state of the debtors' law, enabled her to procure a release.

In Jul 1831 William Pole Tylney Long Wellesley 4th Earl Mornington 1788-1857 (43) was imprisoned in Fleet Prison for contempt of court.