History of Kingston Upon Thames

978 Murder of King Edward Martyr

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

Kingston Upon Thames is in Surrey.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 900-949. 924. This year died King Edward (50) at Farndon in Mercia; and Elward (22) his son died very soon after this, in Oxford. Their bodies lie at Winchester. And Athelstan (30) was chosen king in Mercia, and consecrated at Kingston. He gave his sister to Otho (11), son of the king of the Old-Saxons (48). St. Dunstan (15) was now born; and Wulfhelm took to the archbishopric in Canterbury. This year King Athelstan and Sihtric king of the Northumbrians came together at Tamworth, the sixth day before the calends of February, and Athelstan (30) gave away his sister to him.

Murder of King Edward Martyr

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 950-999. 978. This year all the oldest counsellors of England fell at Calne from an upper floor; but the holy Archbishop Dunstan (69) stood alone upon a beam. Some were dreadfully bruised: and some did not escape with life. This year was King Edward (16) slain, at eventide, at Corfe-gate, on the fifteenth day before the calends of April. And he was buried at Wareham without any royal honour. No worse deed than this was ever done by the English nation since they first sought the land of Britain. Men murdered him but God has magnified him. He was in life an earthly king—he is now after death a heavenly saint. Him would not his earthly relatives avenge—but his heavenly father has avenged him amply. The earthly homicides would wipe out his memory from the earth—but the avenger above has spread his memory abroad in heaven and in earth. Those, Who would not before bow to his living body, now bow on their knees to His dead bones. Now we may conclude, that the wisdom of men, and their meditations, and their counsels, are as nought against the appointment of God. In this same year succeeded Ethelred Etheling (12), his brother, to the government; and he was afterwards very readily, and with great joy to the counsellors of England, consecrated king at Kingston. In the same year also died Alfwold, who was Bishop of Dorsetshire, and whose body lieth in the minster at Sherborn.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 950-999. 979. In this year was Ethelred (13) consecrated king, on the Sunday fortnight after Easter, at Kingston. And there were at his consecration two archbishops [Note. Archbishop Dunstan 909-988 (70) and Archbishop Oswald -992], and ten diocesan bishops. This same year was seen a bloody welkin oft-times in the likeness of fire; and that was most apparent at midnight, and so in misty beams was shown; but when it began to dawn, then it glided away.

After 14 May 1471 Thomas "Bastard of Fauconberg" Neville 1429-1471 made his way to Kingston Upon Thames to cross the river.

Wyatt's Rebellion

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1554. 06 Feb 1544. The vj day of Feybruary was Shroyff-tuwysday in the mornyng master Wyatt (23) and ys compeny retorned bake towhard Kyngton apon Temes, and ther the bridge was pluckyd up, and he causyd on of ys men to swym over for to feytche a bott, and so whent at nyght toward Kensyngtun, and so forward.

Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

Wriothesley's Chronicle Mary I 1st Year 15 Feb 1554. 15 Feb 1554. The 15 of February were hanged of the rebells iii against St Magnus Churche, iii at Billingsgate, iii at Ledenhall, one at Moregate, one at Creplegate, one at Aldrigegate, two at Paules, iii in Holborne, iii at Tower hill, ii at Tyburne, and at 4 places in Sowthwerke 14. And divers others were executed at Kingston and other places.
Allso this daye about ix of the clock in the foorenoone was seene in London in the middest of the Element a raynebowe lyke fyre, the endes upward, and two sunnes, by the space of an hower and an halfe.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1554. 11 Mar 1554. The xj day of Marche was bered ser Wylliam [Goring] (53) knyght in Sussex, with a standard, a penon of armes, [with coat] armur, target, sward, and a helmet; and ther was a h[erse of] wax and viij dosen of penselles and viij dosen of sh[ocheons], ij whyt and branchys of wax, and iiij dosen of stay[ff] torchys, and a harold of armes master Chastur; and he ded .... owe, and cared in-to the contrey by water to Kyngstun, [and] after by land to ys on contrey.

The Autobiography and Correspondence of Sir Simonds D'Ewes 1st Baronet 1602 1650 Volume 1 Chapter XI 1622. 01 Jan 1623. The Ist day of January, at night, I came into commons at the Temple, where there was a lieutenant chosen, and all manner of gaming and vanity practised, as if the Church had not at all groaned under those heavy desolations which it did.1 Wherefore I was very glad, when on the Tuesday following, being the 7th day of the same month, the House broke up their Christmas, and added an end to those excesses. On Monday, January the 13th, I took a new law-case to come in and moot upon in our open hall, tn law-French, on Thursday night after supper, next ensuing. I studied close to finish it against the time, being very short, and then performed it with good success. The next day being Friday, January the 17th, about twelve of the clock in the forenoon, I set out from London and came to Busbridge, to my brother Elliot's, towards the shutting in of the evening, where my father with his family had remained during the late festival days; where having solaced myself a few days, on Monday, January the 20th, we all departed with my father towards London. The sharpness of the weather and the snow lying on the ground, made him take up his inn at Kingston on the Thames, from whence we came early the next day to London, and I settled moderately well to my study. There happened about this time little less than a prodigy in the river Thames; for on Sunday, January the 19th, towards the evening, it flowed three several times in five hours: and during the same time in divers places not far distant from each other, it ebbed one way and flowed anotber; and the next day flowed twice and ebbed thrice in three hours. I spake with some of the ancient watermen about it, and they affirmed the like had never happened in their memories, but a little before the rising of Robert D'Evereux (57), Earl of Essex, towards the latter end of Queen Elizabeth's reign. On Monday, February the 10th, at night after supper I performed another law exercise, by arguing some moot-points at an inn of Chancery called New Inn; and on Saturday, the 16th day of the same month, having finished the fifth part of my Lord Coke's Reports, I began Keilway's Reports, which I read afterwards with more satisfaction and delight than I had done formerly any other piece of our common law.
Note 1. "The lieutenant of the Middle Temple played a gome this Chriitmas time, whereat his Majesty was highly displeased. He made choice of some thirty of the civillest and best-fashioned gentlemen of the house to sup with him; and being at supper, took a cup of wine in one hand, and held his sword drawn in the other, and so began a health to the distressed Lady Elizabeth; and having drunk, kissed his sword, and laying his hand upon it, took an oath to live and die in her service; then delivered the cup and sword to the next, and so the health and ceremony went round." — Harlian MSS.

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John Evelyn's Diary 10 July 1648. 10 Jul 1648. News was brought me of my Lord Francis Villiers (19) being slain by the rebels near Kingston.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 01 May 1662. 02 May 1662. Early to coach again and to Kingston, where we baited a little, and presently to coach again and got early to London, and I found all well at home, and Mr. Hunt and his wife had dined with my wife to-day, and been very kind to my wife in my absence.
After I had washed myself, it having been the hottest day that has been this year, I took them all by coach to Mrs. Hunt's, and I to Dr. Clerke's lady, and gave her her letter and token. She is a very fine woman, and what with her person and the number of fine ladies that were with her, I was much out of countenance, and could hardly carry myself like a man among them; but however, I staid till my courage was up again, and talked to them, and viewed her house, which is most pleasant, and so drank and good-night.
And so to my Lord's lodgings, where by chance I spied my Lady's coach, and found her and my Lady Wright there, and so I spoke to them, and they being gone went to Mr. Hunt's for my wife, and so home and to bed.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 10 August 1663. 10 Aug 1663. Up, though not so early this summer as I did all the last, for which I am sorry, and though late am resolved to get up betimes before the season of rising be quite past. To my office to fit myself to wait on the Duke this day.
By and by by water to White Hall, and so to St. James's, and anon called into the Duke's (29) chamber, and being dressed we were all as usual taken in with him and discoursed of our matters, and that being done, he walked, and I in the company with him, to White Hall, and there he took barge for Woolwich, and, I up to the Committee of Tangier, where my Lord Sandwich (38), pay Lord Peterborough (41), (whom I have not seen before since his coming back,) Sir Wm. Compton (38), and Mr. Povy (49). Our discourse about supplying my Lord Teviott with money, wherein I am sorry to see, though they do not care for him, yet they are willing to let him for civility and compliment only have money almost without expecting any account of it; but by this means, he being such a cunning fellow as he is, the King (33) is like to pay dear for our courtiers' ceremony.
Thence by coach with my Lords Peterborough (41) and Sandwich to my Lord Peterborough's house; and there, after an hour's looking over some fine books of the Italian buildings, with fine cuts; and also my Lord Peterborough's (41) bowes and arrows, of which he is a great lover, we sat down to dinner, my Lady (41) coming down to dinner also, and there being Mr. Williamson (30), that belongs to Sir H. Bennet (45), whom I find a pretty understanding and accomplished man, but a little conceited.
After dinner I took leave and went to Greatorex's (38), whom I found in his garden, and set him to work upon my ruler, to engrave an almanac and other things upon the brasses of it, which a little before night he did, but the latter part he slubbered over, that I must get him to do it over better, or else I shall not fancy my rule, which is such a folly that I am come to now, that whereas before my delight was in multitude of books, and spending money in that and buying alway of other things, now that I am become a better husband, and have left off buying, now my delight is in the neatness of everything, and so cannot be pleased with anything unless it be very neat, which is a strange folly.
Hither came W. Howe about business, and he and I had a great deal of discourse about my Lord Sandwich (38), and I find by him that my Lord do dote upon one of the daughters of Mrs. [Becke] where he lies, so that he spends his time and money upon her. He tells me she is a woman of a very bad fame and very impudent, and has told my Lord so, yet for all that my Lord do spend all his evenings with her, though he be at court in the day time, and that the world do take notice of it, and that Pickering (45) is only there as a blind, that the world may think that my Lord spends his time with him when he do worse, and that hence it is that my Lord has no more mind to go into the country than he has. In fine, I perceive my Lord is dabbling with this wench, for which I am sorry, though I do not wonder at it, being a man amorous enough, and now begins to allow himself the liberty that he says every body else at Court takes.
Here I am told that my Lord Bristoll (50) is either fled or concealed himself; having been sent for to the King (33), it is believed to be sent to the Tower, but he is gone out of the way.
Yesterday, I am told also, that Sir J. Lenthall (38), in Southwarke, did apprehend about one hundred Quakers, and other such people, and hath sent some of them to the gaole at Kingston, it being now the time of the Assizes.
Hence home and examined a piece of, Latin of Will's with my brother, and so to prayers and to bed. This evening I had a letter from my father that says that my wife will come to town this week, at which I wonder that she should come to town without my knowing more of it. But I find they have lived very ill together since she went, and I must use all the brains I have to bring her to any good when she do come home, which I fear will be hard to do, and do much disgust me the thoughts of it.

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Diary of Samuel Pepys 10 July 1665. 10 Jul 1665. Up, and with great pleasure looking over a nest of puppies of Mr. Shelden's, with which my wife is most extraordinary pleased, and one of them is promised her.
Anon I took my leave, and away by water to the Duke of Albemarle's (56), where he tells me that I must be at Hampton Court anon. So I home to look over my Tangier papers, and having a coach of Mr. Povy's (51) attending me, by appointment, in order to my coming to dine at his country house at Brainford, where he and his family is, I went and Mr. Tasbrough with me therein, it being a pretty chariot, but most inconvenient as to the horses throwing dust and dirt into one's eyes and upon one's clothes. There I staid a quarter of an houre, Creed being there, and being able to do little business (but the less the better). Creed rode before, and Mr. Povy (51) and I after him in the chariot; and I was set down by him at the Parke pale, where one of his saddle horses was ready for me, he himself not daring to come into the house or be seen, because that a servant of his, out of his horse, happened to be sicke, but is not yet dead, but was never suffered to come into his house after he was ill. But this opportunity was taken to injure Povy (51), and most horribly he is abused by some persons hereupon, and his fortune, I believe, quite broke; but that he hath a good heart to bear, or a cunning one to conceal his evil.
There I met with Sir W. Coventry (37), and by and by was heard by my Chancellor (56) and Treasurer about our Tangier money, and my Lord Treasurer (58) had ordered me to forbear meddling with the £15,000 he offered me the other day, but, upon opening the case to them, they did offer it again, and so I think I shall have it, but my Lord General must give his consent in it, this money having been promised to him, and he very angry at the proposal. Here though I have not been in many years, yet I lacke time to stay, besides that it is, I perceive, an unpleasing thing to be at Court, everybody being fearful one of another, and all so sad, enquiring after the plague, so that I stole away by my horse to Kingston, and there with trouble was forced, to press two sturdy rogues to carry me to London, and met at the waterside with Mr. Charnocke, Sir Philip Warwicke's (55) clerke, who had been in company and was quite foxed. I took him with me in my boat, and so away to Richmond, and there, by night, walked with him to Moreclacke, a very pretty walk, and there staid a good while, now and then talking and sporting with Nan the servant, who says she is a seaman's wife, and at last bade good night.

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Diary of Samuel Pepys 23 July 1665. 23 Jul 1665. Lord's Day. Up very betimes, called by Mr. Cutler, by appointment, and with him in his coach and four horses over London Bridge to Kingston, a very pleasant journey, and at Hampton Court by nine o'clock, and in our way very good and various discourse, as he is a man, that though I think he be a knave, as the world thinks him, yet a man of great experience and worthy to be heard discourse. When we come there, we to Sir W. Coventry's (37) chamber, and there discoursed long with him, he and I alone, the others being gone away, and so walked together through the garden to the house, where we parted, I observing with a little trouble that he is too great now to expect too much familiarity with, and I find he do not mind me as he used to do, but when I reflect upon him and his business I cannot think much of it, for I do not observe anything but the same great kindness from him.
I followed the King (35) to chappell, and there hear a good sermon; and after sermon with my Lord Arlington (47), Sir Thomas Ingram (51) and others, spoke to the Duke (31) about Tangier, but not to much purpose. I was not invited any whither to dinner, though a stranger, which did also trouble me; but yet I must remember it is a Court, and indeed where most are strangers; but, however, Mr. Cutler carried me to Mr. Marriott's the house-keeper, and there we had a very good dinner and good company, among others Lilly (46), the painter.
Thence to the councill-chamber, where in a back room I sat all the afternoon, but the councill begun late to sit, and spent most of the time upon Morisco's Tarr businesse. They sat long, and I forced to follow Sir Thomas Ingram (51), the Duke (31), and others, so that when I got free and come to look for Mr. Cutler, he was gone with his coach, without leaving any word with any body to tell me so; so that I was forced with great trouble to walk up and down looking of him, and at last forced to get a boat to carry me to Kingston, and there, after eating a bit at a neat inne, which pleased me well, I took boat, and slept all the way, without intermission, from thence to Queenhive, where, it being about two o'clock, too late and too soon to go home to bed, I lay and slept till about four,

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Diary of Samuel Pepys 28 January 1666. 28 Jan 1666. And up again about six (Lord's day), and being dressed in my velvett coate and plain cravatte took a Hackney coach provided ready for me by eight o'clock, and so to my Lord Bruncker's (46) with all my papers, and there took his coach with four horses and away toward Hampton Court, having a great deale of good discourse with him, particularly about his coming to lie at the office, when I went further in inviting him to than I intended, having not yet considered whether it will be convenient for me or no to have him here so near us, and then of getting Mr. Evelyn (45) or Sir Robert Murray (58) into the Navy in the room of Sir Thomas Harvey (40).
At Brainford I 'light, having need to shit, and went into an Inne doore that stood open, found the house of office and used it, but saw no people, only after I was in the house, heard a great dogg barke, and so was afeard how I should get safe back again, and therefore drew my sword and scabbard out of my belt to have ready in my hand, but did not need to use it, but got safe into the coach again, but lost my belt by the shift, not missing it till I come to Hampton Court. At the Wicke found Sir J. Minnes (66) and Sir W. Batten (65) at a lodging provided for us by our messenger, and there a good dinner ready.
After dinner took coach and to Court, where we find the King (35), and Duke (32), and Lords, all in council; so we walked up and down: there being none of the ladies come, and so much the more business I hope will be done.
The Council being up, out comes the King (35), and I kissed his hand, and he grasped me very kindly by the hand. The Duke (32) also, I kissed his, and he mighty kind, and Sir W. Coventry (38). I found my Lord Sandwich (40) there, poor man! I see with a melancholy face, and suffers his beard to grow on his upper lip more than usual. I took him a little aside to know when I should wait on him, and where: he told me, and that it would be best to meet at his lodgings, without being seen to walk together. Which I liked very well; and, Lord! to see in what difficulty I stand, that I dare not walk with Sir W. Coventry (38), for fear my Lord or Sir G. Carteret (56) should see me; nor with either of them, for fear Sir W. Coventry (38) should.
After changing a few words with Sir W. Coventry (38), who assures me of his respect and love to me, and his concernment for my health in all this sickness, I went down into one of the Courts, and there met the King (35) and Duke (32); and the Duke called me to him. And the King (35) come to me of himself, and told me, "Mr. Pepys", says he, "I do give you thanks for your good service all this year, and I assure you I am very sensible of it". And the Duke of Yorke (32) did tell me with pleasure, that he had read over my discourse about pursers, and would have it ordered in my way, and so fell from one discourse to another.
I walked with them quite out of the Court into the fields, and then back to my Lord Sandwich's (40) chamber, where I find him very melancholy and not well satisfied, I perceive, with my carriage to Sir G. Carteret (56), but I did satisfy him and made him confess to me, that I have a very hard game to play; and told me he was sorry to see it, and the inconveniences which likely may fall upon me with him; but, for all that, I am not much afeard, if I can but keepe out of harm's way in not being found too much concerned in my Lord's or Sir G. Carteret's (56) matters, and that I will not be if I can helpe it. He hath got over his business of the prizes, so far as to have a privy seale passed for all that was in his distribution to the officers, which I am heartily glad of; and, for the rest, he must be answerable for what he is proved to have. But for his pardon for anything else, he thinks it not seasonable to aske it, and not usefull to him; because that will not stop a Parliament's mouth, and for the King (35), he is sure enough of him. I did aske him whether he was sure of the interest and friendship of any great Ministers of State and he told me, yes.
As we were going further, in comes my Lord Mandeville (31), so we were forced to breake off and I away, and to Sir W. Coventry's (38) chamber, where he not come in but I find Sir W. Pen (44), and he and I to discourse. I find him very much out of humour, so that I do not think matters go very well with him, and I am glad of it. He and I staying till late, and Sir W. Coventry (38) not coming in (being shut up close all the afternoon with the Duke of Albemarle (57)), we took boat, and by water to Kingston, and so to our lodgings, where a good supper and merry, only I sleepy, and therefore after supper I slunk away from the rest to bed, and lay very well and slept soundly, my mind being in a great delirium between joy for what the King (35) and Duke (32) have said to me and Sir W. Coventry (38), and trouble for my Lord Sandwich's (40) concernments, and how hard it will be for me to preserve myself from feeling thereof.

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In 1841 George Edward Waldegrave 7th Earl Waldegrave 1816-1846 (24) was imprisoned for six months at Newgate Prison for having having drunkenly assaulted a police officer in Kingston Upon Thames. His wife Frances Braham Countess Waldegrave 1821-1879 (19) and servants joined him during his imprisonment.

On 05 Dec 1865 Everard Baring 1865-1932 was born to Edward Baring 1st Baron Revelstoke 1828-1897 (37) and Louisa Emily Charlotte Bulteel Baroness Revelstoke 1839-1892 (26) at Kingston Upon Thames.

On 16 Mar 1867 Elizabeth Baring Countess Kenmare 1867-1944 was born to Edward Baring 1st Baron Revelstoke 1828-1897 (38) and Louisa Emily Charlotte Bulteel Baroness Revelstoke 1839-1892 (28) at Kingston Upon Thames.

Before 1904. George Frederick Watts Painter Sculptor 1817-1904. Portrait of Elizabeth Baring Countess Kenmare 1867-1944 known as "My Lady Peacock".

John Evelyn's Diary 1620 1636 Birth and Childhood. The distance from London little more than twenty miles, and yet so securely placed, as if it were one hundred; three miles from Dorking, which serves it abundantly with provision as well of land as sea; six from Guildford, twelve from Kingston. I will say nothing of the air, because the pre-eminence is universally given to Surrey, the soil being dry and sandy; but I should speak much of the gardens, fountains, and groves that adorn it, were they not as generally known to be among the most natural, and (till this later and universal luxury of the whole nation, since abounding in such expenses) the most magnificent that England afforded; and which indeed gave one of the first examples to that elegancy, since so much in vogue, and followed in the managing of their waters, and other elegancies of that nature. Let me add, the contiguity of five or six manors, the patronage of the livings about it, and what Themistocles pronounced for none of the least advantages—the good neighborhood. All which conspire here to render it an honorable and handsome royalty, fit for the present possessor, my worthy brother, and his noble lady, whose constant liberality gives them title both to the place and the affections of all that know them. Thus, with the poet:
Nescio quâ natale solum dulcedine cunctos.
Ducit, et immemores non sinit esse sui.

Boyle Farm Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey

On 18 Aug 1806 Thomas Foley 3rd Baron Foley 1780-1833 (25) and Cecilia Olivia Geraldine Fitzgerald Baroness Foley 1786-1863 (20) were married at Boyle Farm Kingston Upon Thames. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She a great x 3 granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Baroness Foley of Kidderminster in Worcestershire.

Kingston Bridge, Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey

Kingston Bridge is a bridge over the River Thames opened on 17 Jul 1828 by the future Queen (35) then Duchess of Clarence.

Putney Bridge is a bridge over the River Thames. The first bridge, slightly downstream from the current position, was opened on 29 Nov 1729 being the only bridge between, upstream, Kingston Bridge and, downstream, London Bridge. The bridge was badly damaged by the collision of a river barge in 1870 after which it was repaired but subsequently demolished for replacement.

Kingston Grammar School Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey

Around 1650 Thomas Thynne 1st Viscount Weymouth 1640-1714 (10) educated at Kingston Grammar School Kingston Upon Thames.

Before 1714 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Thynne 1st Viscount Weymouth 1640-1714.

Long Ditton, Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey

John Evelyn's Diary Editor's Introduction. His grandfather, George, was not the first of the family who settled in Surrey. John, father of this George, was of Kingston, in 1520, and married a daughter of David Vincent, Esq, Lord of the Manor of Long Ditton, near Kingston, which afterward came in the hands of George, who there carried on the manufacture of gunpowder. He purchased very considerable estates in Surrey, and three of his sons became heads of three families, viz, Thomas, his eldest son, at Long Ditton; John, at Godstone, and Richard at Wotton. Each of these three families had the title of Baronet conferred on them at different times, viz, at Godstone, in 1660; Long Ditton, in 1683; and Wotton, in 1713.
The manufacture of gunpowder was carried on at Godstone as well as at Long Ditton; but it does not appear that there ever was any mill at Wotton, or that the purchase of that place was made with such a view.