History of Knaresborough

1312 Gaveston Returns from Exile

1376 Good Parliament

1644 Battle of Marston Moor

Knaresborough is in Kexby.

Around 1088 Eustace Fitzjohn 1088-1157 was born to John "Monoculus" Fitzrichard de Burgh 1060-1138 (28) and Magdelena Cecily Blois 1048-1100 (40) at Knaresborough.

Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313. On 16 Jan 1310 King Edward II of England (25). Stamford. To the Sheriff of York. Order to proclaim that the king does not intend to change the money current in the Kingdom in the late King's time, as had been rumoured, and to forbid anyone from thinking little of it, whereby victuals and other necessaries may be sold more dearly.

The like to all the Sheriffs of England [Ibid].

Enrolment of deed of Peter de Gavaston (26), knight, surrendering to the king the castle, manor, and honour of Knaresborough, with the free chase of Knaresborough, and the manors of Routheclyve and Auldburgh, lately granted to him by the King for his lifetime. Witnesses: Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester 7th Earl Hertford -1314, Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (59), John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey 1286-1347 (23), John de Brittania, Earl of Richmond, Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (48), Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (36), Robert son of Walter, Robert son of Payn, William de Burford, William Inge. Dated at Stamford July 26, 3 Edward II.

Enrolment of like surrender by the said Peter (26) of the county of Gaure and the castles of Talanon, Tantalon, and Mauleon, the provostships (preposituras) and Camparian(um) called 'la Cointal' and of the city of Bayonne, the manor of Erebafaveyra, Born, Comtad, Salmun, Dagenes, and the island of Oleron, and the lands of Marempne and of Lancras in Saintogne, and all rights, appurtenances, etc., etc., thereto pertaining to the king, which the king lately granted him for life. Witnesses as above. Dated August 4, 3 Edward II.

Memorandum, that this deed was delivered to the king in his chamber in the House of the Friars Preachers Stamford at Stamford, by the hands of the said Peter (26) and the king delivered the said deed to J his chancellor, to be enrolled in the chancery, and it was afterwards delivered to Ingelard de Warle, keeper of the King's Wardrobe to be kept in the king's wardrobe, but the king's charters that the said Peter hereof were not then restored.[CONTINUES].

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Good Parliament

In 1376 John Savile of Shelley and Golcar 1325-1399 (51) was elected MP Yorkshire in the Good Parliament. During the Good Parliament, he was sufficiently trusted to conduct Thomas Caterton from Queenborough Castle for interrogation before Parliament. Caterton had been appealed for treason by Sir John Annesley, and the court party, including Gaunt (35), was anxious to protect him from attack. In the event, they were able to hold off the opposition, despite some damning revelations about their conduct of the war-effort. The duke (35) himself was singled out for particular criticism, and during the Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 he fled into Scotland, leaving his Savoy Palace to be destroyed by the London mob. Gaunt (35) was, understandably, reluctant to cross the border again without the protection of a sizeable bodyguard. In late Jun 1376, therefore, his leading retainers in the north were instructed to provide an escort for his journey to Knaresborough. Not only did John Savile of Shelley and Golcar 1325-1399 (51) mobilize a personal retinue of ten men-at-arms and 40 archers; he also helped to suppress the rebellion in the north by serving on two commissions for the punishment of insurgents.

Battle of Marston Moor

John Evelyn's Diary 17 August 1654. 17 Aug 1654. But most remarkable and worth seeing is St. Peter's Cathedral, which of all the great churches in England had been best preserved from the fury of the sacrilegious, by composition with the Rebels when they took the city, during the many incursions of Scotch and others. It is a most entire magnificent piece of Gothic architecture. The screen before the choir is of stone carved with flowers, running work and statues of the old kings. Many of the Monuments are very ancient. Here, as a great rarity in these days and at this time, they showed me a Bible and Common Prayer Book covered with crimson velvet, and richly embossed with silver gilt; also a service for the altar of gilt wrought plate, flagons, basin, ewer, plates, chalices, patins, etc., with a gorgeous covering for the altar and pulpit, carefully preserved in the vestry, in the hollow wall whereof rises a plentiful spring of excellent water. I got up to the tower, whence we had a prospect toward Durham, and could see Ripon, part of Lancashire, the famous and fatal Marston Moor, the Spas of Knaresborough, and all the environs of that admirable country. Sir —— Ingoldsby has here a large house, gardens, and tennis court; also the King's (24) house and church near the castle, which was modernly fortified with a palisade and bastions. The streets are narrow and ill-paved, the shops like London.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II

Goldsborough Hall, Knaresborough, Kexby, North Yorkshire

On 21 Aug 1924 Gerald David Lascelles 1924-1998 was born to Henry Lascelles 6th Earl Harewood 1882-1947 (41) and Princess Mary Windsor Countess Harewood 1897-1965 (27) at Goldsborough Hall, Knaresborough. He a grandson of George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936.

1933. Simon Elwes Painter 1902-1975. Portrait of Princess Mary Windsor Countess Harewood 1897-1965.

Knaresborough Castle, Kexby, North Yorkshire

Around 1125 William Fitzeustace 1125-1184 was born to Eustace Fitzjohn 1088-1157 (37) and Beatrix Vesci -1130 at Knaresborough Castle.

In 1290 William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas 1240-1298 (50) was imprisoned at Knaresborough Castle.

On 13 Jan 1312 King Edward II of England (27) and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) were reunited at Knaresborough Castle (probably).

In 1485 George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 (25) was appointed Constable Pontefract Castle and Constable Knaresborough Castle.

The River Nidd rises at Nidd Head Spring after which it travels under Pateley Bridge, then past Knaresborough Castle before joining the River Ouse at Nun Monkton.