History of Lambeth Palace

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1559 Consecration of Matthew Parker as Archbishop of Canterbury

1560 Consecration of new Bishops

1640 Attack on Lambeth Palace

1645 Battle of Naseby

1683 Frost Fair

1685-1699 Glorious Revolution

1689 Coronation William III and Mary II

1689 Act of Poll

Lambeth Palace is in Lambeth.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 27 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) and Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth 1240-1310 dined together at Lambeth Palace.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1554. 24 Nov 1554. [The same day cardinal Pole (54) came from Gravesend by water, with the earl of Shrewsbury (54), the lord Montagu (25), the bishops of Durham (80) and Ely (48), the lord Paget (48), sir Edward Hastings (33), the lord Cobham (57), and diverse] knyghts and gentyllmen, in barges, and thay all [did shoot the] bryge be-twyn xij and on of the cloke, and a-g[ainst] the steleard of Temes my lord chanseler (71) mett [them in his] barge, and my lord of Shrousbury (54) [had his] barge with the [talbot, all] ys men in bluw cotes, red-hosse, skarlett capes, [and white] fethers; and so to the cort gatt, and ther the Kyng('s) (27) grace [met him] and inbrasyd hym, and so lad ym thrughe the kyng('s) hall;] and he had borne a-for hym a sylver crosse, and [he was arrayed in] a skarlet gowne and a sqware skarlett cape; and my lord [North] bare the swarde a-for the Kyng; and so they whent up unto the Quens chambur, and ther her grace (38) salutyd hym; and after he toke ys leyffe, and toke ys barge to ys plase at Lambeth, that was the bysshope of Cantorberys, Crenmer (65), and so to dener.

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Diary of Henry Machyn September 1555. 20 Sep 1555. The xx day of September was cared from Nugatt unto the lolrar stowre serten men.

Diary of Henry Machyn October 1556. 20 Oct 1556. The xx day of October was delivered out of the Lowlar towre alle the heretykes that cam out of Essex, and odur plassys, and so to kepe them good and truw to God and to the king and quen.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1557. 15 Jul 1557. The xv day of July the Quen('s) (41) grace dynyd at Lambeth with my lord cardenall Polle (57), and after dener removyd to Rychmond, and ther (her) grace tares ther her plesur.

Diary of Henry Machyn December 1558. 10 Dec 1558. The sam mornyng my lord cardenall (58) was [removed from] Lambeth, and cared toward Canturbery with grett [company in] blake; and he was cared in a charett with [banner-]rolles wroth [wrought] with fyne gold and grett baners [of arms,] and iiij baners of santes in owllo [oil].

On 18 Nov 1559 Cuthbert Tunstall Bishop of Durham 1474-1559 (85) died in Lambeth Palace.

Consecration of Matthew Parker as Archbishop of Canterbury

On 17 Dec 1559 Archbishop Matthew Parker 1504-1575 (55) was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury at Lambeth Palace by Bishop William Barlow 1498-1568 (61).

1560 Consecration of new Bishops

On 21 Jan 1560 two Bishops were consecrated ...
Nicholas Bullingham Bishop of Lincoln 1520-1576 (40) was consecrated Bishop of Lincoln.
Thomas Young Archbishop of York 1507-1568 (53) was consecrated Bishop of St David's at Lambeth Palace by Archbishop Matthew Parker 1504-1575 (55).

On 24 Mar 1560 Bishop Gilbert Berkeley 1501-1581 (59) was consecrated Bishop of Bath and Wells at Lambeth Palace.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1560. 29 Jul 1560. The xxix day of July the Quen('s) (26) grace removyd from Grenwyche on her grace('s) progresse, and at Lambeth she dynyd with my lord of Canturbere (55) and her consell; and after [took her] gorney towhard Rychmond, and her grace lay ther v [5] days; and after to Ottland, and ther So[nday and] Monday dener, and to Suttun to soper.

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1561. 16 Feb 1561. The sam day at Lambeth was consecratyd nuwe byshopes, master Horne (51) of Wynchastur, and master Skamler byshope (41) of Peterborowe.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1558. 19 Nov 1588. The xix day of November ded be-twyn v and vj in the morning my lord cardenall Polle (88) at Lambeth, and he was byshope of Canturbere; and ther he lay tyll the consell sett the tyme he shuld be bered, and when, and wher.

On 02 Nov 1610 Richard Bancroft Archibishop Canterbury 1544-1610 (66) died at Lambeth Palace.

Attack on Lambeth Palace

On 11 May 1640 apprentices attacked Lambeth Palace.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 June 1640. 10 Jun 1640. I repaired with my brother (17) to the term, to go into our new lodgings (that were formerly in Essex-court), being a very handsome apartment just over against the Hall-court, but four pair of stairs high, which gave us the advantage of the fairer prospect; but did not much contribute to the love of that impolished study, to which (I suppose) my father (53) had designed me, when he paid £145 to purchase our present lives, and assignments afterward.
London, and especially the Court, were at this period in frequent disorders, and great insolences were committed by the abused and too happy City: in particular, the Bishop of Canterbury's (66) Palace at Lambeth was assaulted by a rude rabble from Southwark, my Lord Chamberlain (55) imprisoned and many scandalous libels and invectives scattered about the streets, to the reproach of Government, and the fermentation of our since distractions: so that, upon the 25th of June, I was sent for to Wotton, and the 27th after, my father's (53) indisposition augmenting, by advice of the physicians he repaired to the Bath.

Battle of Naseby

Diary of Isabella Twysden 1645. 28 Jun 1645. the 28 June there was brought in to Lambeth hous from the atillirer yard 680 pore prisoners, part of those which were taken at nasby.

John Evelyn's Diary 31 August 1663. 31 Aug 1663. I was invited to the translation of Dr. Sheldon (65), Bishop of London, from that see to Canterbury, the ceremony performed at Lambeth Palace. First, went his Grace's mace bearer, steward, treasurer, comptroller, all in their gowns, and with white staves; next, the bishops in their habits, eight in number; Dr. Sweate, Dean of the Arches, Dr. Exton, Judge of the Admiralty, Sir William Merick, Judge of the Prerogative Court, with divers advocates in scarlet. After divine service in the chapel, performed with music extraordinary, Dr. French and Dr. Stradling (his Grace's chaplains) said prayers. The Archbishop in a private room looking into the chapel, the bishops, who were commissioners, went up to a table placed before the altar, and sat round it in chairs. Then Dr. Chaworth presented the commission under the broad seal to the Bishop of Winchester (65), and it was read by Dr. Sweate. After which, the Vicar-General went to the vestry, and brought his Grace into the chapel, his other officers marching before. He being presented to the Commissioners, was seated in a great armchair at one end of the table, when the definitive sentence was read by the Bishop of Winchester (65), and subscribed by all the bishops, and proclamation was three times made at the chapel door, which was then set open for any to enter, and give their exceptions; if any they had. This done, we all went to dinner in the great hall to a mighty feast. There were present all the nobility in town, the Lord Mayor of London, Sheriffs, Duke of Albemarle (54), etc. My Lord Archbishop did in particular most civilly welcome me. So going to visit my Lady Needham, who lived at Lambeth, I went over to London.

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John Evelyn's Diary 25 September 1665. 25 Sep 1665. My Lord Admiral (40) being come from the fleet to Greenwich, I went thence with him to the Cock-pit, to consult with the Duke of Albemarle (56). I was peremptory that, unless we had £10,000 immediately, the prisoners would starve, and it was proposed it should be raised out of the East India prizes now taken by Lord Sandwich (40). They being but two of the commission, and so not empowered to determine, sent an express to his Majesty (35) and Council, to know what they should do. In the meantime, I had five vessels, with competent guards, to keep the prisoners in for the present, to be placed as I should think best. After dinner (which was at the General's) I went over to visit his Grace, the Archbishop of Canterbury (67), at Lambeth.

John Evelyn's Diary 14 April 1669. 14 Apr 1669. I dined with the Archbishop of Canterbury (70), at Lambeth Palace, and saw the library, which was not very considerable.

On 11 Nov 1683 Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (46) was consecrated Bishop of Rochester at Lambeth Palace.

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 09 January 1684. 09 Jan 1684. I went crosse the Thames on the ice, now become so thick as to beare not onely streetes of boothes, in which they roasted meate, and had divers shops of wares, quite acrosse as in a towne, but coaches, carts, and horses, passed over. So I went from Westminster Stayres to Lambeth, and din'd with the Archbishop (66): where I met my Lord Bruce, Sir Geo. Wheeler (32), Coll. Cooke, and severall divines. After dinner and discourse with his Grace till evening prayers, Sir Geo. Wheeler (32) and I walked over the ice from Lambeth Stayres to the horse ferry.

John Evelyn's Diary 14 November 1685. 14 Nov 1685. I dined at Lambeth, my Lord Archbishop (68) carrying me with him in his barge: there were my Lord Deputy of Ireland, the Bp. of Ely (48), and St. Asaph (58), Dr. Sherlock, and other divines; Sir Wm Hayward, Sir Paule Rycaut, &c.

John Evelyn's Diary 08 July 1686. 08 Jul 1686. I waited on the Archbishop (69) at Lambeth, where I dined and met the famous preacher and writer, Dr. Allix (45), doubtless a most excellent and learned person. The Archbishop (69) and he spoke Latin together, and that very readily.

1685-1699 Glorious Revolution

John Evelyn's Diary 21 February 1689. 21 Feb 1689. Dr. Burnet (45) preached at St. James's on the obligation to walk worthy of God's particular and signal deliverance of the nation and church.
I saw the new Queen (26) and King (38), with great acclamation and general good reception. Bonfires, bells, guns, etc. It was believed that both, especially the Princess (26), would have shown some (seeming) reluctance at least, of assuming her father's (55) crown, and made some apology, testifying by her regret that he should by his mismanagement necessitate the nation to so extraordinary a proceeding, which would have shown very handsomely to the world, and according to the character given of her piety; consonant also to her husband's (38) first declaration, that there was no intention of deposing the King (55), but of succoring the nation; but nothing of all this appeared; she came into Whitehall laughing and jolly, as to a wedding, so as to seem quite transported. She rose early the next morning, and in her undress, as it was reported, before her women were up, went about from room to room to see the convenience of Whitehall; lay in the same bed and apartment where the late Queen (30) lay, and within a night or two sat down to play at basset, as the Queen (30), her predecessor used to do. She smiled upon and talked to everybody, so that no change seemed to have taken place at Court since her last going away, save that infinite crowds of people thronged to see her, and that she went to our prayers. This carriage was censured by many. She seems to be of a good nature, and that she takes nothing to heart: while the Prince (38), her husband, has a thoughtful countenance, is wonderfully serious and silent, and seems to treat all persons alike gravely, and to be very intent on affairs: Holland, Ireland, and France calling for his care.
Divers Bishops and Noblemen are not at all satisfied with this so sudden assumption of the Crown, without any previous sending, and offering some conditions to the absent King; or on his not returning, or not assenting to those conditions, to have proclaimed him Regent; but the major part of both Houses prevailed to make them King and Queen immediately, and a crown was tempting. This was opposed and spoken against with such vehemence by Lord Clarendon (her own uncle), that it put him by all preferment, which must doubtless have been as great as could have been given him. My Lord of Rochester (46), his brother, overshot himself, by the same carriage and stiffness, which their friends thought they might have well spared when they saw how it was like to be overruled, and that it had been sufficient to have declared their dissent with less passion, acquiescing in due time.
The Archbishop of Canterbury (72) and some of the rest, on scruple of conscience and to salve the oaths they had taken, entered their protests and hung off, especially the Archbishop, who had not all this while so much as appeared out of Lambeth. This occasioned the wonder of many who observed with what zeal they contributed to the Prince's (38) expedition, and all the while also rejecting any proposals of sending again to the absent King (55); that they should now raise scruples, and such as created much division among the people, greatly rejoicing the old courtiers, and especially the Papists.
Another objection was, the invalidity of what was done by a convention only, and the as yet unabrogated laws; this drew them to make themselves on the 22d a Parliament, the new King (38) passing the act with the crown on his head. The lawyers disputed, but necessity prevailed, the government requiring a speedy settlement.
Innumerable were the crowds, who solicited for, and expected offices; most of the old ones were turned out. Two or three white staves were disposed of some days before, as Lord Steward, to the Earl of Devonshire (49); Treasurer of the household, to Lord Newport (92); Lord Chamberlain to the King (58), to my Lord of Dorset (46); but there were as yet none in offices of the civil government save the Marquis of Halifax (55) as Privy Seal. A council of thirty was chosen, Lord Derby (34) president, but neither Chancellor nor Judges were yet declared, the new Great Seal not yet finished.

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Coronation William III and Mary II

John Evelyn's Diary 12 April 1689. 12 Apr 1689. I went with the Bishop of St. Asaph (61) to visit my Lord of Canterbury (58) at Lambeth, who had excused himself from officiating at the coronation, which was performed by the Bishop of London (57), assisted by the Archbishop of York (74). We had much private and free discourse with his Grace (58) concerning several things relating to the Church, there being now a bill of comprehension to be brought from the Lords to the Commons. I urged that when they went about to reform some particulars in the Liturgy, Church discipline, Canons, etc., the baptizing in private houses without necessity might be reformed, as likewise so frequent burials in churches; the one proceeding much from the pride of women, bringing that into custom which was only indulged in case of imminent danger, and out of necessity during the rebellion, and persecution of the clergy in our late civil wars; the other from the avarice of ministers, who, in some opulent parishes, made almost as much of permission to bury in the chancel and the church, as of their livings, and were paid with considerable advantage and gifts for baptizing in chambers. To this they heartily assented, and promised their endeavor to get it reformed, utterly disliking both practices as novel and indecent.
We discoursed likewise of the great disturbance and prejudice it might cause, should the new oath, now on the anvil, be imposed on any, save such as were in new office, without any retrospect to such as either had no office, or had been long in office, who it was likely would have some scruples about taking a new oath, having already sworn fidelity to the government as established by law. This we all knew to be the case of my Lord Archbishop of Canterbury (58), and some other persons who were not so fully satisfied with the Convention making it an abdication of King James, to whom they had sworn allegiance.
King James (55) was now certainly in Ireland with the Marshal d'Estrades (82), whom he made a Privy Councillor; and who caused the King (55) to remove the Protestant Councillors, some whereof, it seems, had continued to sit, telling him that the King of France (50), his master, would never assist him if he did not immediately do it; by which it is apparent how the poor Prince (55) is managed by the French.
Scotland declares for King William (38) and Queen Mary (26), with the reasons of their setting aside King James (55), not as abdicating, but forfeiting his right by maladministration; they proceeded with much more caution and prudence than we did, who precipitated all things to the great reproach of the nation, all which had been managed by some crafty, ill-principled men. The new Privy Council have a Republican spirit, manifestly undermining all future succession of the Crown and prosperity of the Church of England, which yet I hope they will not be able to accomplish so soon as they expect, though they get into all places of trust and profit.

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Act of Poll

John Evelyn's Diary 26 April 1689. 26 Apr 1689. I heard the lawyers plead before the Lords the writ of error in the judgment of Oates (39), as to the charge against him of perjury, which after debate they referred to the answer of Holloway, etc., who were his judges. I then went with the Bishop of St. Asaph (61) to the Archbishop (72) at Lambeth, where they entered into discourse concerning the final destruction of Antichrist, both concluding that the third trumpet and vial were now pouring out. My Lord St. Asaph (61) considered the killing of the two witnesses, to be the utter destruction of the Cevennes Protestants by the French and Duke of Savoy, and the other the Waldenses and Pyrenean Christians, who by all appearance from good history had kept the primitive faith from the very Apostles' time till now. The doubt his Grace suggested was, whether it could be made evident that the present persecution had made so great a havoc of those faithful people as of the other, and whether there were not yet some among them in being who met together, it being stated from the text, Apoc. xi., that they should both be slain together. They both much approved of Mr. Mede's way of interpretation, and that he only failed in resolving too hastily on the King of Sweden's (94) (Gustavus Adolphus) success in Germany. They agreed that it would be good to employ some intelligent French minister to travel as far as the Pyrenees to understand the present state of the Church there, it being a country where hardly anyone travels.
There now came certain news that King James (55) had not only landed in Ireland, but that he had surprised Londonderry, and was become master of that kingdom, to the great shame of our government, who had been so often solicited to provide against it by timely succor, and which they might so easily have done. This is a terrible beginning of more troubles, especially should an army come thence into Scotland, people being generally disaffected here and everywhere else, so that the seamen and landmen would scarce serve without compulsion.
A new oath was now fabricating for all the clergy to take, of obedience to the present Government, in abrogation of the former oaths of allegiance, which it is foreseen many of the bishops and others of the clergy will not take. The penalty is to be the loss of their dignity and spiritual preferment. This is thought to have been driven on by the Presbyterians, our new governors. God in mercy send us help, and direct the counsels to his glory and good of his Church!
Public matters went very ill in Ireland: confusion and dissensions among ourselves, stupidity, inconstancy, emulation, the governors employing unskillful men in greatest offices, no person of public spirit and ability appearing,—threaten us with a very sad prospect of what may be the conclusion, without God's infinite mercy.
A fight by Admiral Herbert (41) with the French, he imprudently setting on them in a creek as they were landing men in Ireland, by which we came off with great slaughter and little honor—so strangely negligent and remiss were we in preparing a timely and sufficient fleet. The Scots Commissioners offer the crown to the new King and Queen on conditions. Act of Poll money came forth, sparing none. Now appeared the Act of Indulgence for the Dissenters, but not exempting them from paying dues to the Church of England clergy, or serving in office according to law, with several other clauses. A most splendid embassy from Holland to congratulate the King (38) and Queen (26) on their accession to the crown.

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John Evelyn's Diary 28 December 1691. 28 Dec 1691. Dined at Lambeth with the new Archbishop (61). Saw the effect of my greenhouse furnace, set up by the Archbishop's son-in-law.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 July 1695. 06 Jul 1695. I dined at Lambeth, making my first visit to the Archbishop (58), where there was much company, and great cheer. After prayers in the evening, my Lord (58) made me stay to show me his house, furniture, and garden, which were all very fine, and far beyond the usual Archbishops, not as affected by this, but being bought ready furnished by his predecessor. We discoursed of several public matters, particularly of the Princess of Denmark (30), who made so little figure.

John Evelyn's Diary 02 May 1696. 02 May 1696. I dined at Lambeth, being summoned to meet my co-trustees, the Archbishop (59), Sir Henry Ashurst, and Mr. Serjeant Rotheram, to consult about settling Mr. Boyle's lecture for a perpetuity; which we concluded upon, by buying a rent charge of £50 per annum, with the stock in our hands.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 May 1696. 06 May 1696. I went to Lambeth, to meet at dinner the Countess of Sunderland (54) and divers ladies. We dined in the Archbishop's wife's apartment with his Grace (59), and stayed late; yet I returned to Deptford at night.

John Evelyn's Diary 03 August 1696. 03 Aug 1696. The Bank lending the £200,000 to pay the array in Flanders, that had done nothing against the enemy, had so exhausted the treasure of the nation, that one could not have borrowed money under 14 or 15 per cent on bills, or on Exchequer Tallies under 30 per cent. Reasonable good harvest weather. I went to Lambeth and dined with the Archbishop (59), who had been at Court on the complaint against Dr. Thomas Watson (59), Bishop of St. David's, who was suspended for simony. The Archbishop (59) told me how unsatisfied he was with the Canon law, and how exceedingly unreasonable all their pleadings appeared to him.

On 30 Aug 1696 Philip Meadowes 1672-1757 (24) and Dorothy Boscawen were married by Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (59) at Lambeth Palace.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 September 1696. 06 Sep 1696. I went to congratulate the marriage of a daughter of Mr. Boscawen (68) to the son (24) of Sir Philip Meadows; she is niece to my Lord Godolphin (51), married at Lambeth by the Archbishop (59), 30th of August. After above six months' stay in London about Greenwich Hospital, I returned to Wotton.

John Evelyn's Diary 18 December 1697. 18 Dec 1697. At Lambeth, to Dr. Bentley, about the Library at St. James's.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 May 1705. 24 May 1705. I dined at Lambeth with the Archbishop of Dublin, Dr. King (55), a sharp and ready man in politics, as well as very learned.

On 24 Jan 1737 William Wake Archbishop of Canterbury 1657-1737 (79) died at Lambeth Palace.

Before 1737 Thomas Gibson Painter 1680-1751. Portrait of William Wake Archbishop of Canterbury 1657-1737.

On 03 Dec 1738 Joseph Butler Bishop 1692-1792 (46) was consecrated Bishop of Bristol at Lambeth Palace.

On 01 Oct 1769 Shute Barrington Bishop 1734-1826 (35) was consecrated as Bishop of Llandaff at Lambeth Palace by Frederick Cornwallis Archbishop of Canterbury 1713-1783 (56).

In 1817. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of Shute Barrington Bishop 1734-1826.In 1805. John Opie Painter 1761-1807. Portrait of Shute Barrington Bishop 1734-1826.Around 1760. Nathaniel Dance Holland Painter 1735-1811. Portrait of Frederick Cornwallis Archbishop of Canterbury 1713-1783.

On 21 Aug 1777 Charles Townshend 1st Baron Bayning 1728-1810 (47) and Annabella Smith-Powlett 1754-1825 (23) were married at Lambeth Palace. They were first cousins once removed.

On 18 Jul 1807 Henry Pelham Clinton 4th Duke Newcastle under Lyme 1785-1851 (22) and Georgiana Elizabeth Miller Mundy Duchess Newcastle under Lyne 1789-1822 (18) were married in Lambeth Palace. He a great x 3 grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess Newcastle under Lyme.

On 21 Apr 1828 Charles Manners-Sutton Archbishop of Canterbury 1755-1828 (73) died at Lambeth Palace.

Before 23 Jan 1810 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (attributed). Portrait of Charles Manners-Sutton Archbishop of Canterbury 1755-1828.

On 04 Aug 1839 Aubrey Spencer Bishop Newfoundland Bishop Jamaica 1795-1872 (44) was consecrated as Bishop Newfoundland at Lambeth Palace.

St Mary's Church Lambeth Palace, Surrey

On 03 Apr 1538 Elizabeth Howard Countess Wiltshire Countess Ormonde 1480-1538 (58) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church Lambeth Palace.

On 19 Mar 1783 Frederick Cornwallis Archbishop of Canterbury 1713-1783 (70) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Lambeth Palace.

On 16 May 1791 Henry Charles Somerset 6th Duke Beaufort 1766-1835 (24) and Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower Duchess Beaufort 1771-1854 (20) were married at St Mary's Church Lambeth Palace.