History of Leicester

1345 Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

1361 Death of Henry of Grosmont

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1414 Fire and Faggot Parliament

1426 Henry VI Knighting ceremony

1485 Battle of Bosworth

1530 Death of Cardinal Wolsey

Leicester is in Leicestershire.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 900-949. 917. This year rode the army, after Easter, out of Northampton and Leicester; and having broken the truce they slew many men at Hookerton and thereabout. Then, very soon after this, as the others came home, they found other troops that were riding out against Leighton. But the inhabitants were aware of it; and having fought with them they put them into full flight; and arrested all that they had taken, and also of their horses and of their weapons a good deal.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 900-949. 918. This year, before midsummer, went King Edward to Maldon; and repaired and fortified the town, ere he departed thence. And the same year went Earl Thurkytel over sea to Frankland with the men who would adhere to him, under the protection and assistance of King Edward (44). This year Ethelfleda (48) got into her power, with God's assistance, in the early part of the year, without loss, the town of Leicester; and the greater part of the army that belonged thereto submitted to her. And the Yorkists had also promised and confirmed, some by agreement and some with oaths, that they would be in her interest. But very soon after they had done this, she departed, twelve nights before midsummer, at Tamworth, the eighth year that she was holding the government of the Mercians with right dominion; and her body lieth at Glocester, in the east porch of St. Peter's church. This year also was the daughter of Ethered, lord of the Mercians, deprived of all authority over the Mercians, and led into Wessex, three weeks before midwinter. Her name was Healfwina.

In 1068 Hugh Grandesmil 1032-1098 (36) took by storm at Leicester.

On 22 Feb 1098 Hugh Grandesmil 1032-1098 (66) died at Leicester. He was buried in the Chapter House of the Abbey of Saint-Evroul.

On 19 Oct 1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (43) taken to Leicester.

In 1426 John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (8) was knighted alongside Henry VI at Leicester.

1426 Henry VI Knighting ceremony

On 19 May 1426, Whitsunday, Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (4) was knighted by his uncles John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (36) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (35) at Leicester. Henry then went on to knight Ralph Longford 1400-1432 (25), Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (12) and Robert Wingfield 1403-1454 (23).

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476 1485. 23 Oct 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31). Leicester. Precept to the Sheriff of Devon to issue a proclamation (English) denouncing Thomas Dorset, late Marquess of Dorset (28), who holds unshameful and mischievous woman called Shore's wife in adultery, Sir William Noreys (42), Sir William Knevet (43), Sir Thomas Bourghchier of Barnes, Sir George Broun, knights, John Cheyne, John Noreis, Walter Hungerford, John Russh and John Harecourt of Staunton, who have assembled the Person by the comfort of the great rebel the late duke of Bukyngham (29) and bishops of Ely and Salisbury, and offering rewards for their capture and pardon for all who withdraw from them. By K.

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476 1485. On 28 Oct 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31). Leicester. General commission of array to the king's kinsman Francis Lovell, viscount Lovel his chamberlain, for the resistance of the rebel Henry, duke of Buskingham. Mutilated. By K. by word of mouth.

Death of Cardinal Wolsey

On 29 Nov 1530 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530 (57) died in Leicester. Just before his death he reputedly spoke these words: "I see the matter against me how it is framed. But if I had served God as diligently as I have done the King, he would not have given me over in my grey hairs".

Around 1590 based on a work of around 1520.Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530.

On 10 Jul 1553 Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings 4th Baroness Hungerford 5th Baroness Botreaux 2nd Baroness Moleyns 1466-1553 (87) died at Leicester. Her son George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (66) succeeded 5th Baron Hungerford, 3rd Baron Moleyns, 6th Baron Botreaux 1368.

On 15 Sep 1649 Henry Hastings 1578-1649 (71) died in Leicester.

John Evelyn's Diary 09 August 1654. 09 Aug 1654. To the old and ragged city of Leicester, large and pleasantly seated, but despicably built, the chimney flues like so many smiths' forges; however, famous for the tomb of the tyrant, Richard III, which is now converted to a cistern, at which (I think) cattle drink. Also, here in one of the churches lies buried the magnificent Cardinal Wolsey. John of Gaunt has here also built a large but poor hospital, near which a wretch has made him a house out of the ruins of a stately church. Saw the ruins of an old Roman Temple, thought to be of Janus. Entertained at a very fine collection of fruits, such as I did not expect to meet with so far North, especially very good melons. We returned to my uncle's.

Battle of Bosworth

Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 was killed. His son John Devereux 8th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1464-1501 succeeded 8th Baron Ferrers Chartley.
William Catesby 1450-1485 was executed at Leicester after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489 betrayed Richard III King England 1452-1485 by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.
John Iwardby 1449-1485 was killed.

The capital of the Corieltauvi was Ratae Corieltauvorum aka Leicester..

The River Soar rises near Wibtoft after which it travels broadly north through Leicester, past Mountsorrel Castle, Normanton on Soar and Holy Trinity Church Ratcliffe on Soar before joining the River Trent.

Fosse Way 5f Leicester to Lincoln. Leaving Ratae Corieltavorum aka Leicester the Fosse way continues north-west through Thurmaston, past Syston, where it makes a slight change in direction, through Six Hills where Roman road (RM58) forks off north east to Grantham. Then passing Vernementum aka Willoughby-on-the-Wolds the Fosse Way make another minor change in alignment at Cotgrave before continuing through Margidunum, Ad Pontem aka East Stoke. Ad Pontem refers to it being close to the River Trent. The road continues through Newark on Trent then Crococalana Roman Settlement near present day Brough. At Bracebridge the Fosse Way meets Ermine Street before continuing into Lindum Colonia aka Lincoln.

Fosse Way Leicester. At Ratae Corieltavorum aka Leicester the Fosse way crossed the River Soar at Leicester Roman Bridge entering the town by the west gate. Thereafter it continued straight along the High Street to the North-East Gate and thereafter along Haymarket and Belgrave Gate.

Fosse Way 5e High Cross to Leicester. From Venonae aka High Cross the Fosse Way continues north-west over the River Soar near to Sapcote__Leicestershire then continues to Ratae Corieltavorum aka Leicester.

Belgrave Gate, Leicester, Leicestershire

Fosse Way Leicester. At Ratae Corieltavorum aka Leicester the Fosse way crossed the River Soar at Leicester Roman Bridge entering the town by the west gate. Thereafter it continued straight along the High Street to the North-East Gate and thereafter along Haymarket and Belgrave Gate.

North-East Gate, Leicester, Leicestershire

Fosse Way Leicester. At Ratae Corieltavorum aka Leicester the Fosse way crossed the River Soar at Leicester Roman Bridge entering the town by the west gate. Thereafter it continued straight along the High Street to the North-East Gate and thereafter along Haymarket and Belgrave Gate.

Greyfriars Church Leicester, Leicestershire

After 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was buried at Greyfriars Church Leicester.

Greyfriars Priory Leicester, Leicestershire

Fire and Faggot Parliament

In May 1414 the Fire and Faggot Parliament at Greyfriars Priory Leicester. Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (35) was appointed Speaker of the House of Commons. It was named for the Suppression of Heresy Act which called for burning the Lollards with bundles of sticks known as faggots.

Haymarket, Leicester, Leicestershire

Fosse Way Leicester. At Ratae Corieltavorum aka Leicester the Fosse way crossed the River Soar at Leicester Roman Bridge entering the town by the west gate. Thereafter it continued straight along the High Street to the North-East Gate and thereafter along Haymarket and Belgrave Gate.

High Street, Leicester, Leicestershire

Fosse Way Leicester. At Ratae Corieltavorum aka Leicester the Fosse way crossed the River Soar at Leicester Roman Bridge entering the town by the west gate. Thereafter it continued straight along the High Street to the North-East Gate and thereafter along Haymarket and Belgrave Gate.

Leicester Abbey, Leicestershire

On 09 Nov 1241 Stephen Segrave 1171-1241 (70) died at Leicester Abbey.

Leicester Castle, Leicestershire

On 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (64) died at Leicester Castle. His son Henry of Grosmont (35) succeeded 4th Earl of Leicester 2C 1265, 4th Earl Lancaster.

On 31 Mar 1360 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (20) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (15) at Leicester Castle. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Death of Henry of Grosmont

On 23 Mar 1361 Henry of Grosmont (51) died at Leicester Castle. He was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newark.
Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (15) succeeded 5th Earl Lancaster and 2nd Earl Derby 2C 1337. John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (21) by marriage Earl Lancaster, Earl Derby 2C 1337. Maud Plantagenet Duchess Lower Bavaria 1339-1362 (21) succeeded 5th Earl of Leicester 2C 1265.

On 24 Mar 1394 Constance of Castile (40) died at Leicester Castle. She was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newark.

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.
He was buried in the Choir of Old St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (53).
Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster 2C 1362, 7th Earl of Leicester 2C 1265.
Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

St Mary de Castro Leicester, Leicester Castle, Leicestershire

Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

After 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newark, or possibly the Hospital Chapel, at a ceremony attended by King Edward III England and his wife Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369. His son Henry of Grosmont subsequently moved had his remains moved to St Mary de Castro Leicester.

Before 1367 Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387 were married at St Mary de Castro Leicester.

In 1618 Mabel Faunt -1618 died. She was buried at St Mary de Castro Leicester.

Leicester Cathedral, Leicestershire

On 26 Mar 2015 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was reburied at Leicester Cathedral.

Leicester Roman Bridge, Leicestershire

Fosse Way Leicester. At Ratae Corieltavorum aka Leicester the Fosse way crossed the River Soar at Leicester Roman Bridge entering the town by the west gate. Thereafter it continued straight along the High Street to the North-East Gate and thereafter along Haymarket and Belgrave Gate.

Newarke, Leicester, Leicestershire