History of Lewes

1264 Battle of Lewes

1625 Plague

Lewes is in East Sussex.

Battle of Lewes

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon de Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester 1208-1265 (56) including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (20), Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (29) and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (26) defeated the army of Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes. Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56), his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24), Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (60), Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (55), John "Red" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch 1220-1275 (44), Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 (30) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (32) were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (33), John Balliol 1207-1268 (56), Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annandale 1215-1295 (49), Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (49) and William de Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 fought for the King. Guy Lusignan -1264 was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin 1220-1264 (44) drowned. Walter de Cantelupe Bishop of Worcester 1191-1266 (73) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

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On 03 Apr 1385 Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel and Surrey 1350-1385 (35) died. She was buried at Lewes.

1625 Plague

John Evelyn's Diary 1620 1636 Birth and Childhood. 1625. I was this year (being the first of the reign of King Charles (24)) sent by my father (38) to Lewes, in Sussex, to be with my grandfather, Standsfield (58), with whom I passed my childhood. This was the year in which the pestilence was so epidemical, that there died in London 5,000 a week, and I well remember the strict watches and examinations upon the ways as we passed; and I was shortly after so dangerously sick of a fever that (as I have heard) the physicians despaired of me.

John Evelyn's Diary 1620 1636 Birth and Childhood. 1627. My grandfather, Standsfield (60), died this year, on the 5th of February: I remember perfectly the solemnity at his funeral. He was buried in the parish church of All Souls, where my grandmother, his second wife, erected him a pious monument. About this time, was the consecration of the Church of South Malling, near Lewes, by Dr. Field, Bishop of Oxford (one Mr. Coxhall preached, who was afterward minister); the building whereof was chiefly procured by my grandfather (60), who having the impropriation, gave £20 a year out of it to this church. I afterward sold the impropriation. I laid one of the first stones at the building of the church.

John Evelyn's Diary 1620 1636 Birth and Childhood. 1628 to 1630. It was not till the year 1628, that I was put to learn my Latin rudiments, and to write, of one Citolin, a Frenchman, in Lewes. I very well remember that general muster previous to the Isle of Rhè's expedition, and that I was one day awakened in the morning with the news of the Duke of Buckingham being slain by that wretch, Felton, after our disgrace before La Rochelle. And I now took so extraordinary a fancy to drawing and designing, that I could never after wean my inclinations from it, to the expense of much precious time, which might have been more advantageously employed. I was now put to school to one Mr. Potts, in the Cliff at Lewes, from whom, on the 7th of January 1630, being the day after Epiphany, I went to the free-school at Southover, near the town, of which one Agnes Morley had been the foundress, and now Edward Snatt was the master, under whom I remained till I was sent to the University. This year, my grandmother (with whom I sojourned) being married to one Mr. Newton, a learned and most religious gentleman, we went from the Cliff to dwell at his house in Southover. I do most perfectly remember the jubilee which was universally expressed for the happy birth of the Prince of Wales, 29th of May, now Charles II, our most gracious Sovereign.

On 25 Apr 1631 John Shirley of Isfield 1565-1631 (66) died in Lewes.

John Evelyn's Diary 1620 1636 Birth and Childhood. 21st October, 1632. My eldest sister (19) was married to Edward Darcy, Esq, who little deserved so excellent a person, a woman of so rare virtue. I was not present at the nuptials; but I was soon afterward sent for into Surrey, and my father (46) would willingly have weaned me from my fondness of my too indulgent grandmother, intending to have placed me at Eton College; but, not being so provident for my own benefit, and unreasonably terrified with the report of the severe discipline there, I was sent back to Lewes; which perverseness of mine I have since a thousand times deplored. This was the first time that ever my parents had seen all their children together in prosperity. While I was now trifling at home, I saw London, where I lay one night only. The next day, I dined at Beddington, where I was much delighted with the gardens and curiosities. Thence, we returned to the Baroness Darcy's (19), at Sutton; thence to Wotton; and, on the 16th of August following, 1633, back to Lewes.

John Evelyn's Diary 1620 1636 Birth and Childhood. 1635. But my dear mother (36) being now dangerously sick, I was, on the 3d of September following, sent for to Wotton. Whom I found so far spent, that, all human assistance failing, she in a most heavenly manner departed this life upon the 29th of the same month, about eight in the evening of Michaelmas-day. It was a malignant fever which took her away, about the 37th of her age, and 22d of her marriage, to our irreparable loss and the regret of all that knew her. Certain it is, that the visible cause of her indisposition proceeded from grief upon the loss of her daughter, and the infant that followed it; and it is as certain, that when she perceived the peril whereto its excess had engaged her, she strove to compose herself and allay it; but it was too late, and she was forced to succumb. Therefore summoning all her children then living (I shall never forget it), she expressed herself in a manner so heavenly, with instructions so pious and Christian, as made us strangely sensible of the extraordinary loss then imminent; after which, embracing every one of us she gave to each a ring with her blessing and dismissed us. Then, taking my father (48) by the hand, she recommended us to his care; and, because she was extremely zealous for the education of my younger brother (12), she requested my father (48) that he might be sent with me to Lewes; and so having importuned him that what he designed to bestow on her funeral, he would rather dispose among the poor, she labored to compose herself for the blessed change which she now expected. There was not a servant in the house whom she did not expressly send for, advise, and infinitely affect with her counsel. Thus she continued to employ her intervals, either instructing her relations, or preparing of herself.
Though her physicians, Dr. Meverell, Dr. Clement, and Dr. Rand, had given over all hopes of her recovery, and Sir Sanders Duncombe (65) had tried his celebrated and famous powder, yet she was many days impairing, and endured the sharpest conflicts of her sickness with admirable patience and most Christian resignation, retaining both her intellectuals and ardent affections for her dissolution, to the very article of her departure. When near her dissolution, she laid her hand on every one of her children; and taking solemn leave of my father (48), with elevated heart and eyes, she quietly expired, and resigned her soul to God. Thus ended that prudent and pious woman, in the flower of her age, to the inconsolable affliction of her husband, irreparable loss of her children, and universal regret of all that knew her. She was interred, as near as might be, to her daughter Darcy (21), the 3d of October, at night, but with no mean ceremony.

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John Evelyn's Diary 1620 1636 Birth and Childhood. 03 Nov 1635. It was the 3d of the ensuing November, after my brother George (18) was gone back to Oxford, ere I returned to Lewes, when I made way, according to instructions received of my father (48), for my brother Richard (13), who was sent the 12th after.

John Evelyn's Diary 18 July 1637. 18 Jul 1637. I accompanied my eldest brother (20), who then quitted Oxford, into the country; and, on the 9th of August, went to visit my friends at Lewes, whence I returned the 12th to Wotton. On the 17th of September, I received the blessed Sacrament at Wotton church, and 23d of October went back to Oxford.

John Evelyn's Diary 09 July 1638. 09 Jul 1638. I went home to visit my friends, and, on the 26th, with my brother (21) and sister to Lewes, where we abode till the 31st; and thence to one Mr. Michael's, of Houghton, near Arundel, where we were very well treated; and, on the 2d of August, to Portsmouth, and thence, having surveyed the fortifications (a great rarity in that blessed halcyon time in England), we passed into the Isle of Wight, to the house of my Baroness Richards, in a place called Yaverland; but were turned the following day to Chichester, where, having viewed the city and fair cathedral, we returned home.

John Evelyn's Diary 04 May 1648. 04 May 1648. Came up the Essex petitioners for an agreement between his Majesty and the rebels. The 16th, the Surrey men addressed the Parliament for the same; of which some of them were slain and murdered by Oliver Cromwell's (49) guards, in the new palace yard. I now sold the impropriation of South Malling, near Lewes, in Sussex, to Messrs. Kemp and Alcock, for £3,000.

On 09 May 1889 Sidney Godolphin Osborne 1808-1889 (81) died at Lewes.

Etchingham Lewes, East Sussex

Around 1345 Eleanor Maltravers Baroness Cobham Sternborough 2nd Baroness Maltravers Baroness Arundel 1345-1405 was born to John Maltravers -1350 and Gwenllian Unknown at Etchingham Lewes.

Around 1348 John Fitzalan 2nd Baron Maltravers 1st Baron Arundel 1348-1379 was born to Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 (42) and Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel Countess Surrey 1318-1372 (29) at Etchingham Lewes. He a great x 2 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

In 1353 Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 was born to Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 (47) and Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel Countess Surrey 1318-1372 (34) at Etchingham Lewes. He a great x 2 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

Lewes Grammar School Lewes, East Sussex

From 1557 Thomas Pelham 1st Baronet Pelham of Laughton 1540-1624 (17) was educated at Lewes Grammar School Lewes.

Lewes Priory, East Sussex

Flowers of History by Matthew of Westminster Volume 2 Chapter 1 1066 1087 The emperor is excommunicated for disobedience. 1078. A violent quarrel arose between pope Gregory and the emperor Henry. At last the emperor was excommunicated1. After that, he ravaged the province of Swabia. King William (50) held his court at Gloucester, and conferred bishoprics on those of his chaplains, giving the diocese of London to Maurice, of Norwich to William, and of Chichester to Robert. The same year, Guiscard, tiie noble dake of Apolia, died, and was succeeded by his two sons, Roger and Beaumont. This year also, a naval war of deadly animosity broke out between the states of Venice and Baris, for the sake of the body of Saint Nicholas. The same year, count William de Warenne, who had come into England with William the Bastard (50), founded the abbey of Saint Pancras of Lewes.
1. This was the origin of the wars between the Guelfs and Ghibelins.

On 29 Sep 1304 John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (73) died at Kennington. He was buried at Lewes Priory. His grandson John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey 1286-1347 (18) succeeded 7th Earl Surrey 1C 1088.

On 11 Jan 1372 Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel Countess Surrey 1318-1372 (53) died at Arundel. She was buried at Lewes Priory.

On 24 Jan 1376 Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 (70) died. He was buried at Lewes Priory. His son Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (30) succeeded 9th Earl Surrey 1C 1088, 11th Earl Arundel Sussex. Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel and Surrey 1350-1385 (26) by marriage Countess Arundel Sussex, Earl Surrey 1C 1088.

On 16 Dec 1379 John Fitzalan 2nd Baron Maltravers 1st Baron Arundel 1348-1379 (31) drowned. He was buried at Lewes Priory. The Chronica Majora reports "... that during the panic of the storm, Sir John murdered those of his men who refused to make for shore for fear of being shipwrecked upon the rocks. Subsequently, after safely arriving on an island off the Irish coast, Sir John and his boat captain were swept back into the sea and drowned". His son John Fitzalan 2nd Baron Maltravers 2nd Baron Arundel 1364-1390 (15) succeeded 2nd Baron Maltravers 1C 1330, 2nd Baron Arundel 1C 1377.

On 12 Jan 1405 Eleanor Maltravers Baroness Cobham Sternborough 2nd Baroness Maltravers Baroness Arundel 1345-1405 (60) died at Sussex. She was buried at Lewes Priory. Her grandson John Fitzalan 13th Earl Arundel 1385-1421 (19) succeeded 3rd Baron Maltravers 1C 1330.

Pelham House Lewes East Sussex

On 08 Mar 1899 Eliza Ellice 1818-1899 (81) died at Pelham House Lewes East Sussex.

South Malling, Lewes, East Sussex

John Evelyn's Diary 04 May 1648. 04 May 1648. Came up the Essex petitioners for an agreement between his Majesty and the rebels. The 16th, the Surrey men addressed the Parliament for the same; of which some of them were slain and murdered by Oliver Cromwell's (49) guards, in the new palace yard. I now sold the impropriation of South Malling, near Lewes, in Sussex, to Messrs. Kemp and Alcock, for £3,000.

St Michael the Archangel Church, South Malling, Lewes, East Sussex

John Evelyn's Diary 1620 1636 Birth and Childhood. 1627. My grandfather, Standsfield (60), died this year, on the 5th of February: I remember perfectly the solemnity at his funeral. He was buried in the parish church of All Souls, where my grandmother, his second wife, erected him a pious monument. About this time, was the consecration of the Church of South Malling, near Lewes, by Dr. Field, Bishop of Oxford (one Mr. Coxhall preached, who was afterward minister); the building whereof was chiefly procured by my grandfather (60), who having the impropriation, gave £20 a year out of it to this church. I afterward sold the impropriation. I laid one of the first stones at the building of the church.