History of Newark on Trent

Newark on Trent is in Nottinghamshire.

In Dec 1542 Laurence Oliphant 3rd Lord Oliphant -1566 reached at Newark on Trent.

Around 1563 Jane Sacheverell 1563-1598 was born to Henry Sacheverell 1547-1580 (16) and Jane Ireton 1540-1582 (23) at Newark on Trent. Adjusted frmm 1554 to 1563 to be consistent with father's birth in 1547.

On 02 Jul 1643 Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 (23) received the Queen and escorted her to Oxford taking Burton-on-Trent on the way at Newark on Trent.

On 28 Jul 1643 the Parliamentary arms commanded by Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector 1599-1658 (44) and the Royalist army commanded by Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 (23) fought at the Battle of Gainsborough at North Scarle.

Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 (23) was killed by James Berry -1691. He was buried at Newark on Trent.

On 04 Aug 1643 the Royalist Newdigate Poyntz 1608-1643 (34) died probably from wounds received at the battle.

John Evelyn's Diary 14 August 1654. 14 Aug 1654. Went by Newark-on-Trent, a brave town and garrison. Next, by Wharton House, belonging to the Lord Chaworth, a handsome seat; then by Home, a noble place belonging to the Marquis of Dorchester (48), and passed the famous River Trent, which divides the South from the North of England; and so lay that night at Nottingham.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 04 February 1665. 04 Feb 1665. He told us another odd passage: how the King (34) having newly put out Prince Rupert (45) of his generallshipp, upon some miscarriage at Bristoll, and Sir Richard Willis1 of his governorship of Newarke, at the entreaty of the gentry of the County, and put in my Lord Bellasses (50), the great officers of the King's army mutinyed, and come in that manner with swords drawn, into the market-place of the towne where the King (34) was; which the King (34) hearing, says, "I must to horse". And there himself personally, when every body expected they should have been opposed, the King (34) come, and cried to the head of the mutineers, which was Prince Rupert (45), "Nephew, I command you to be gone". So the Prince, in all his fury and discontent, withdrew, and his company scattered, which they say was the greatest piece of mutiny in the world.

Thence after dinner home to my office, and in the evening was sent to by Jane that I would give her her wages. So I sent for my wife to my office, and told her that rather than be talked on I would give her all her wages for this Quarter coming on, though two months is behind, which vexed my wife, and we begun to be angry, but I took myself up and sent her away, but was cruelly vexed in my mind that all my trouble in this world almost should arise from my disorders in my family and the indiscretion of a wife that brings me nothing almost (besides a comely person) but only trouble and discontent. She gone I late at my business, and then home to supper and to bed.

Note 1. Sir Richard Willis, the betrayer of the Royalists, was one of the "Sealed Knot". When the Restoration had become a certainty, he wrote to Clarendon imploring him to intercede for him with the King (34) (see Lister's "Life of Clarendon", vol. iii., p. 87).

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the Prince Rupert, Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 and Colonel William Murray. Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Around 1672 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Around 1634 Gilbert Jackson Painter 1595-1648. Portrait of John Belasyse 1st Baron Belasyse 1614-1689. Around 1669 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of John Belasyse 1st Baron Belasyse 1614-1689.

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Diary of Samuel Pepys 04 February 1665. 04 Feb 1665. Lay long in bed discoursing with my wife about her mayds, which by Jane's going away in discontent and against my opinion do make some trouble between my wife and me. But these are but foolish troubles and so not to be set to heart, yet it do disturb me mightily these things. To my office, and there all the morning.

At noon being invited, I to the Sun behind the 'Change, to dinner to my Lord Bellasses (50), where a great deal of discourse with him, and some good, among others at table he told us a very handsome passage of the King's sending him his message about holding out the town of Newarke, of which he was then governor for the King (34). This message he sent in a sluggbullet, being writ in cypher, and wrapped up in lead and swallowed. So the messenger come to my Lord and told him he had a message from the King (34), but it was yet in his belly; so they did give him some physique, and out it come. This was a month before the King's flying to the Scotts; and therein he told him that at such a day, being the 3d or 6th of May, he should hear of his being come to the Scotts, being assured by the King of France (26) that in coming to them he should be used with all the liberty, honour, and safety, that could be desired. And at the just day he did come to the Scotts.

In 1679 Robert Leke 3rd Earl Scarsdale 1654-1707 (24) was elected MP Newark.

In 1857 Henry Pelham Alexander Pelham Clinton 6th Duke Newcastle under Lyme 1834-1879 (22) was elected MP Newark.

The River Trent, the third longest river in England, historically formed the border between the North and South of England. It rises on Biddulph Moor and flows, in a great horseshoe through, or near, Stoke-on-Trent, Stone, Colwich, Rugeley, Kings Bromley, Alrewas, Burton upon Trent, Newton Solney, Repton, under Swarkestone Bridge, Sawley, Nottingham, Holme Pierrepoint, Hoveringham Nottingham, Newark on Trent, Knaith, Dunham Bridge, Sutton on Trent, the Isle of Axholme and Gainsborough before joining the Humber Estuary at Trent Falls.

Fosse Way 5f Leicester to Lincoln. Leaving Ratae Corieltavorum aka Leicester the Fosse way continues north-west through Thurmaston, past Syston, where it makes a slight change in direction, through Six Hills where Roman road (RM58) forks off north east to Grantham. Then passing Vernementum aka Willoughby-on-the-Wolds the Fosse Way make another minor change in alignment at Cotgrave before continuing through Margidunum, Ad Pontem aka East Stoke. Ad Pontem refers to it being close to the River Trent. The road continues through Newark on Trent then Crococalana Roman Settlement near present day Brough. At Bracebridge the Fosse Way meets Ermine Street before continuing into Lindum Colonia aka Lincoln.

Carlton Hall Newark, Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire

On 12 May 1816 Edmund Beckett 1st Baron Grimthorpe 1816-1905 was born to Edmund Beckett 4th Baronet 1787-1874 (29) and Maria Beverley at Carlton Hall Newark.

Elston Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire

Elston Hall Elston Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire

On 12 Dec 1731 Erasmus Darwin 1731-1802 was born in Elston Hall Elston Newark on Trent.

Around 1780 Joseph Wright of Derby Painter 1734-1797. Portrait of Erasmus Darwin 1731-1802.

Newark Castle, Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire

On 19 Oct 1216 John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216 (49) died at Newark Castle. Henry III King England 1207-1272 (9) succeeded III King England.

John Monmouth 1182-1248 (34) was present.

On his deathbed, John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom and requested that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (70).

King John's will is the earliest English royal will to survive in its original form. The document is quite small, roughly the size of a postcard and the seals of those who were present at the time would have been attached to it. Translation of the will taken from an article by Professor S.D. Church in the English Historical Review, June 2010:

I, John, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, count of Anjou, hindered by grave infirmity and not being able at this time of my infirmity to itemize all my things so that I may make a testament, commit the arbitration and administration of my testament to the trust and to the legitimate administration of my faithful men whose names are written below, without whose counsel, even in good health, I would have by no means arranged my testament in their presence, so that what they will faithfully arrange and determine concerning my things as much as in making satisfaction to God and to holy Church for damages and injuries done to them as in sending succour to the land of Jerusalem and in providing support to my sons towards obtaining and defending their inheritance and in making reward to those who have served us faithfully and in making distribution to the poor and to religious houses for the salvation of my soul, be right and sure. I ask, furthermore, that whoever shall give them counsel and assistance in the arranging of my testament shall receive the grace and favour of God. Whoever shall infringe their arrangement and disposition, may he incur the curse and indignation of almighty God and the blessed Mary and all the saints.

In the first place, therefore, I desire that my body be buried in the church of St Mary and St Wulfstan at Worcester. I appoint, moreover, the following arbiters and administrators: the lord Guala, by the grace of God, cardinal-priest of the title of St Martin and legate of the apostolic see; the lord Peter bishop of Winchester; the lord Richard bishop of Chichester; the lord Silvester bishop of Worcester; Brother Aimery de St-Maur; William Marshal earl of Pembroke; Ranulf earl of Chester; William earl Ferrers; William Brewer; Walter de Lacy and John of Monmouth; Savaric de Mauléon; Falkes de Bréauté.

The signatories were:

Guala Bicchieri (ca 1150 – 1227) Papal Legate.

Bishop Peter de Roches -1238, Bishop of Winchester.

Richard le Poer (? – 1237), Bishop of Chichester.

Sylvester of Worcester, Bishop of Worcester.

Aimery de St-Maur (? -?1219), Master of the English Templars.

William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (70).

Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester 1st Earl Lincoln 1170-1232 (46).

William Ferrers 4th Earl Derby 1168-1247 (48).

William Brewer (? - 1226), 1st Baron Brewer.

Walter de Lacy (ca 1172–1241) Lord of Meath.

John: (1182 – 1248) Lord of Monmouth.

Savaric de Mauléon (? – 1236) Seneschal of Poitou from 1205.

Falkes de Bréauté (? – 1226) Seneschal of Cardiff Castle.

In Jan 1589 William Cecil 2nd Earl Exeter 1566-1640 (23) and Elizabeth Manners 15th Baroness Ros Helmsley 1575-1591 (14) were married at Newark Castle.

In May 1590 William Cecil 16th Baron Ros Helmsley 1590-1618 was born to William Cecil 2nd Earl Exeter 1566-1640 (24) and Elizabeth Manners 15th Baroness Ros Helmsley 1575-1591 (15) at Newark Castle.

Robert Pierrepoint -1334 was appointed Governor of Newark Castle.