History of Newgate Prison

1454 Battle of Stamford Bridge

1497 Battle of Blackheath aka Deptford Bridge

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

1555 Protestant Executions

1533 Buggery Act

Newgate Prison is in Newgate Street.

Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313. 24 Jan 1308 King Edward II of England (23). Canterbury. To the Sheriffs of London. Order to deliver John de la Dune, Roger de Hopton, Richard le Harpour, Roger de Soppewalle, Roger le Keu, Rober le Hunt, Thomas de Sydenham, Henry le Gardener, Thomas de la More, Philip Kemp, John le Wayt, and John le Wodeward, the men and servants of Adam de Kyngeshemede, in the King's prison of Newgate for a trespass committed by them upon the King's men at Westminster, from prison upon their finding sufficient mainpernors to have them before the King (23) or his Lieutenant in the quinzaine of the Purification of St Mary to stand to right concerning the said trespass. Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24).

Patent Rolls Richard II 1381 1385. 11 Mar 1384. Commission to Nicholas Brembre, mayor of London, to arrest and bring Westninster to Newgate gaol all felons and evildoers notoriously suspected of coming nightly out of places ecclesiastically privileged, assembling in the city and suburbs to commit divers felonies, robberies, thefts, murders, &c. and after committing them, retiring by night to the said places for sanctuary, and also all such as are indicted therefor. By С.

1454 Battle of Stamford Bridge

On 31 Oct 1454 or 01 Nov 1454 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (23) and Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (24) captured Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (31) and Richard Percy 1426-1461 (28) in a skirmish known as the Battle of Stamford Bridge. [Note. The second battle at Stamford Bridge with the first being in 1066]. The brothers were taken to Middleham Castle. Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (31) was subsequently fined £11,200 in damages which, with an income of £100, he was unlikely to ever pay. He was, therefore, taken to Newgate Prison in which he stayed until he escaped in 1456.

After 31 Oct 1454 Richard Percy 1426-1461 was imprisoned at Newgate Prison.

After 31 Oct 1454 Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 was imprisoned at Newgate Prison.

On 13 Nov 1456 Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (33) escaped at Newgate Prison.

On 13 Nov 1456 Richard Percy 1426-1461 (30) escaped at Newgate Prison.

Battle of Blackheath aka Deptford Bridge

After 17 Jun 1497 John Dynham 1st Baron Dynham 1433-1501 acted in judgement of James Tuchet 7th Baron Audley of Heighley 1463-1497. He was tried as a peer and sentenced to be beheaded spending his last nigh in Newgate Prison.

On 09 May 1546 George Blagge 1512-1551 (34) was induced to deny the efficacy of the Mass, by trickery he alleged, while walking home after church. He was immediately summoned by Thomas Wriothesley (40), the Lord Chancellor, and sent to Newgate Prison. At his trial at the Guildhall, the main witnesses for the prosecution were Littleton (41) and Sir Hugh Calverley (42), MP for Cheshire. On their evidence, Blagge (34) was sentenced to be burned for heresy the following Wednesday. Fortunately for him, the Lord Privy Seal, John Russell (61), appealed on his behalf to the king (54), who had not heard of the proceedings to that point. Henry (54) immediately pardoned Blagge and ordered Wriothesley to release him.

Around 1535 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl of Southampton 1505-1550. 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 1st Year 1547-1548. The 13th daie of Aprill Mr. John Wishe, founder, dwelling John Wish, without Ludgate, was presented to the Court of Aldermen, and by them admitted for Alderman of Algate; he refusing it, was sent to Newgate, where he remayned till the twentie-one daie of Aprill, and then he was swome alderman; and ymediatlie at his desire he was dispenoed with by the maire and aldermen and sett to his fine for three hundred markes, wherof he should paie in hande within three dales an hundreth markes; and he had a yeares daie given him and a quarter for the rest to be paid at tow paymentes by a bonde made to the Chamberleyne of London; and so he was discharged of his aldermanshipp againe and all other offices in the cittie whatsoeaver.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1551. 14 Mar 1551. The xiiij day of Marche wa(s) raynyd at the yeld-halle a C [100] mareners for robyng on the see, and the captayne, behyng a Skott, was cared to Nugate the sam day, and serten cast.

The sam day was cared in-to Norfoke on Wyth, a grett ryche man, and he was condemnyth to be drane and hangyd, for the besenes that was done in Norffoke, at ys owne dore.

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1552. 26 Apr 1552. The xvj day of Aprell rod thrugh London in a c[ar], a woman with a bannor pentyd with (a) yong damsell and a woman, with a carde in the woman('s) hand cardyng her mayd nakyd pentyd, the wyche she left butt lytyll skyn of her, and a-bowt her masters neke a card hangyng downe; for thys ponyssment her masters had for her; and she was cared unto her owne dore in a care, and the (re) was a proclamasyon by on of the bedylles of her shamful ded-dohyng, [of] the wyche the damsell ys lyke to dee.

The sam day the Kynges (14) grase removyd from Westmynster unto Grenwyche at viij a-cloke in the mornyng.

The sam day was sessyons at Nugatt for theyfes, and a cott-purs spessyally was for one James [Ellys] the grett pykpurs and cuttpurs that ever [was ar-]raynyd, for ther was never a presun and the Towr but he had byne in them, —the vj king Edward vjth.

The sam day was bornyd at the Towre-hylle at after[noon] vij mon and viij maymed and lyke to dee, and alle was by takyng [ill] heyde and by beytyng of gunpowder in a morter, and by stryk[ing] of fyre, that a sparke of fyre fell in-tho the powder, and so alle f[ired] ...

Around 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 Around 1546 Unknown Painter. After William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553. Around 1547. Workshop of Master John Painter. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553.

In Jan 1554 John Rogers 1505-1555 (49) he was imprisoned at Newgate Prison on the orders of Bishop Edmund "Bloody" Bonner of London 1500-1569 (54).

Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

Wriothesley's Chronicle Mary I 1st Year 22 Feb 1554. 22 Feb 1554. The 22 of February certeyne of the rebells which lay in Newgate, both the Counters, the Kings Benche, the Marshallsie, and Westminster, to the number of iiii C. and more, were ledd to Westminster to the Cowrte, coupled together with collers and halters abowte their neckes, and there in the Tylt-yeard kneeled afore the Queen (38) lookinge owt at the gallerie by the gate, and cried for meroye, who most gratiouslye gave to them their pardon.

Around 1554 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558. Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1554. 14 Mar 1554. The xiiij day of Marche was in Aldergat-stret a woy[ce heard] in a walle that dyd spyke unto serten pepull, the wyche .... was complenyd unto my lord mayre, and so after yt was [made] knowen by dyvers what ther wher, and after cared unto [prison,] as Nugatt contur and the Towre.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1554. 24 May 1554. The xxiiij day of May was Corpus Christi day, and .... ther wher mony goodly pr[oss]essyons in mony parryches .. was yll, for mony had long torchys garnyshyd [in the] old fassyouns, and stayffe torchys bornyng, and mony [canopies] borne a-bowt the strett; and sant Pulcurs parryche went a-bowt ther owne parryche, and in Smythfeld; as they wher goohyng, ther cam a man unto the prest [that bare] the sacrament, and began to pluke ytt owt of ys hand, and contenent he druw ys dager (blank), and contenent he was taken and cared to Nuwgate.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Mary I 1st Year 15 Jul 1554. 15 Jul 1554. The 15 of Julie, beinge Sundaye, one Elizabeth Crofte, a yonge mayden, stood at Paules Crosse on a litle scaffolde neare the preacher, which was taken in Aldersgate Streete in Aprill last past, called the wbyte byrde, or the byrde that spake in the walla. Her confession was readd by the precher openlye, which declared that one Drakes, a servant of Sir Anthony Nevillsb, which gaue her a whistle, and by theyr develish pretence feyned her to speake divers thinges of the Queen and Prince of Spayne, of the masse and confession; as that one Myles, clerk of St. Butolphes in Aldersgate Street, and a player, and one Hyll, a weaverc in Reddcrosse Streete, declared to the peopled, which caused great assemblie of people to drawe thither, which there openlye lamented in the presence of all the people. After her confession read she kneeled downe, and asked God forgivenes, and the Queens Maiestie, desyringe the people to praye for her, and to beware of heresies. The sermon done she went to prison agayne in Bred Street, where she had bene a litle tyme, but afore that she was in Newgate. And after Dr. Scorye resorted to her divers tymes to examin her; and after this she was released.

a. "called the Spirit in the Wall."— Stow.

b. " John Drake, Sir Antony Knevett's servant." — Diary of a Resident in London, p. 66; but Stow agrees with the text.

c. Stow reads: "a player, a weaver, Hill, clerk of St. Leonard's in Foster Lane, and others confederate with her."

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1554. 01 Nov 1554. The furst day of Novembar was [carried] by the gard into Nuwgatt serten men.

1555 Protestant Executions

Foxe's Book of Martyrs Volume 9 264 John Rogers. 04 Feb 1555. Now when the time came, that he, being delivered to the sheriffs, should be brought out of Newgate to Smithfield, the place of his execution, first came to him Master Woodroofe, one of the aforesaid sheriffs, and calling Master Rogers (50) unto him, asked him if he would revoke his abominable doctrine, and his evil opinion of the sacrament of the altar. Master Rogers (50) answered and said, "That which I have preached I will seal with my blood." "Then," quoth Master Woodroofe, "thou art a heretic." "That shall be known," quoth Rogers, "at the day of judgment." "Well," quoth Master Woodroofe, "I will never pray for thee." "But I will pray for you," quoth Master Rogers: and so was brought the same day, which was Monday the fourth of February, by the sheriffs towards Smithfield, saying the psalm Miserere by the way, all the people wonderfully rejoicing at his constancy, with great praises and thanks to God for the same. And there, in the presence of Master Rochester, comptroller of the queen's household, Sir Richard Southwell (52), both the sheriffs, and a wonderful number of people, the fire was put unto him; and when it had taken hold both upon his legs and shoulders, he, as one feeling no smart, washed his hands in the flame, as though it had been in cold water. And, after lifting up his hands unto heaven, not removing the same until such time as the devouring fire had consumed them - most mildly this happy martyr yielded up his spirit into the hands of his heavenly Father. A little before his burning at the stake, his pardon was brought, if he would have recanted, but he utterly refused. He was the first protomartyr of all the blessed company that suffered in Queen Mary's time, that gave the first adventure upon the fire. His wife and children, being eleven in number, and ten able to go, and one sucking on her breast, met him by the way as he went towards Smithfield. This sorrowful sight of his own flesh and blood could nothing move him; but that he constantly and cheerfully took his death, with wonderful patience, in the defence and quarrel of Christ's gospel.

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Foxe's Book of Martyrs Volume 9 266 John Hooper. 04 Feb 1555. The fourth day of February, the year above mentioned, in the chapel in Newgate, the bishop of London (55) there sitting with his notary and certain other witnesses, came Alexander Andrew, the gaoler, bringing with him Master Hooper (60) and Master Rogers (50), being condemned before by the chancellor (72); where the said bishop of London (55), at the request of the aforesaid Winchester (72), proceeded to the degradation of the parties above mentioned, Master Hooper and Master Rogers, after this form and manner: first, he put upon him all the vestures and ornaments belonging to a priest, with all other things to the same order appertaining, as though (being revested) they should solemnly execute their office. Thus they, being apparelled and invested, the bishop beginneth to pluck off, first the uttermost vesture; and so, by degree and order, coming down to the lowest vesture, which they had only in taking Benet and Collet; and so, being stript and deposed, he deprived them of all order, benefit, and privilege belonging to the clergy; and consequently, that being done, pronounced, decreed, and declared the said parties so degraded, to be given personally to the secular power, as the sheriffs being for that year, Master Davy Woodroofe, and Master William Chester; who, receiving first the said Master Rogers at the hands of the bishop, had him away with them, bringing him to the place of execution where he suffered. The witnesses there present were Master Harpsfield, archdeacon of London; Robert Cosin, and Robert Willerton, canons of Paul's; Thomas Mountague, and George How, clerks; Tristram Swadock, and Richard Cloney, the sumner, &c.

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1555. 04 Feb 1555. The iiij day (of) Feybruary the bysshope of London (55) went into Nugatt, and odur docturs, to dysgratt [degrade] Hoper (60), and Rogers (50) sumtyme vycker of sant Polkers.

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1555. 20 Apr 1555. The xx day of Aprell was raynyd at Powlles a-for the bysshope of London (55) and many odur and my lord cheyffe justys and my lord mayre and the shreyffes; ys name was (master Fowler, alias Branch ); he was a monke of Ely; and ther was a goodly sermon, and after he was cast and condemnyd to have ys hand that hurt the prest cut off or he shuld suffer, and after dysgracyd, and after cared to Nuwgattss.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1555. 18 May 1555. The sam day of May was (arraigned) iiij men at Powlles, a-for none and after-non, of Essex, and thay wher cast for heresse, all iiij cast to be bornyd, and so cared unto Nugatt.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1555. 25 May 1555. [The xxv day of May were arraigned at St. Paul's for heresy, before the bishop, master Cardmaker sometime vicar of St. Bride's in Fleet-street, and one] John Warren a cloth [worker in Walbrook] and a-nodur of (blank), and cast to be brent; and [carried back to] Nugatt.

Diary of Henry Machyn June 1555. 10 Jun 1555. The x day of Juin was delevered owt of Nuwgatt vij men to be cared in-to Essex and Suffoke to borne [burned].

Diary of Henry Machyn August 1555. 23 Aug 1555. The xxiij day of August was bornyd at [Stratford]-of-bowe, in the conte of Mydyllsex, a woman, [wife] of John Waren (29), clothworker, a huphulster [over] agaynst sant Johns in Walbroke; the wyche .... John her hosband was bornyd with on Cardmaker in Smythfeld, for herese boyth; and the sam woman had a sune taken at her bornyng and cared to Nuwgatt [to his] syster, for they will borne [burn] boyth.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1557. 12 Nov 1557. The xij day of November ther was a post sett up in Smythfeld for iij that shuld have beyn bornyd, butt boyth wod and colles; and my lord abbott of Westminster (42) cam to Newgatt and talked with them, and so they wher stayd for that day of bornyng.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1557. 13 Nov 1557. The xiij day of November was sant Erkenwald eve, the iiij and v yere of king and quen, whent owt of Newgatt unto Smyth-feld to be bornyd iij men; on was [blank] Gybsun, the sun of sergantt Gybsun, sergantt of armes, and of the reywelles [revels], and of the kynges tenstes [tents]; and ij more, the whyche here be ther names—Gybsun, Hali[day,] and Sparow, thes iij men.

Diary of Henry Machyn August 1560. 13 Aug 1560. The xiij day of August was a grett robere done with-in Clementt('s) inn with-owt Tempulle bare, by on master Cutt and iij mo, and iij of them was taken, on led into Nuwgatt and a-nodur in Wostrett contur, and a-nodur in the contur in the Pultre.

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1561. 21 Feb 1561. The sam day sessyons at Nuwgatt, and [there] was cast xvij men and ij women for to [be hanged.] ...

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1561. 18 Apr 1561. The xviij day of Aprell was raynyd at Nuwgat master Putnam gentylman for a rape, and cast, and dyvers odur.

Diary of Henry Machyn June 1561. 18 Jun 1561. The xviij day of June was a woman sett in the stokes in Newgatt markett with serten fylles [files] and odur instrumentes, the wyche she browth to Newgatt to here hosband for to fylle the yrons of ys leges, and odur thynges.

Diary of Henry Machyn September 1561. 29 Sep 1561. The xxix day of September, was Myghellmas evyn, the old shreyffes master Cristofer Draper and master Thomas Rowe unto the nuw shreyffes master (Alexander) Avenon, and master (Humphrey) Baskerfeld (44), was delevered Nugatt and Ludgatt, and the ij conters, and the presonars.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1562. 12 May 1562. The sam day at nyght ther was a grett frey, [and my] lord mare (66) and the ij shreyffes was send fore, and they had a do to pasefy the pepull, and dyvers wher hurtt, and s[ertain] cared to Nuwgatt and to the conturs, and ther was .... the best archers of London with the flethe, and master Underelle hu.. the master of the comen-huntt.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1562. 15 May 1562 and 16 May 1562. The xv and vj day of May was sessyons at Nuwgatt, and so many wher cast doys [those] ij days; and the sam monyth were dyvers token sene in dyvers placys in England, a calffe and (unfinished)

Diary of Samuel Pepys 10 January 1664. 10 Jan 1664. Lord's Day. Lay in bed with my wife till 10 or 11 o'clock, having been very sleepy all night. So up, and my brother Tom (30) being come to see me, we to dinner, he telling me how Mrs. Turner (41) found herself discontented with her late bad journey, and not well taken by them in the country, they not desiring her coming down, nor the burials of Mr. Edward Pepys's corps there.

After dinner I to the office, where all the afternoon, and at night my wife and I to my uncle Wight's (62), and there eat some of their swan pie, which was good, and I invited them to my house to eat a roasted swan on Tuesday next, which after I was come home did make a quarrels between my wife and I, because she had appointed a wish to-morrow. But, however, we were friends again quickly.

So to bed. All our discourse to-night was Mr. Tryan's late being robbed; and that Collonell Turner (55) (a mad, swearing, confident fellow, well known by all, and by me), one much indebted to this man for his very livelihood, was the man that either did or plotted it; and the money and things are found in his hand, and he and his wife now in Newgate for it; of which we are all glad, so very a known rogue he was.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 09 May 1667. 09 May 1667. Up, and to the office, and at noon home to dinner, and then with my wife and Barker by coach, and left them at Charing Cross, and I to St. James's, and there found Sir W. Coventry (39) alone in his chamber, and sat and talked with him more than I have done a great while of several things of the Navy, how our debts and wants do unfit us for doing any thing. He tells me he hears stories of Commissioner Pett (56), of selling timber to the Navy under other names, which I told him I believe is true, and did give him an instance. He told me also how his clerk Floyd he hath put away for his common idlenesse and ill company, and particularly that yesterday he was found not able to come and attend him, by being run into the arme in a squabble, though he pretends it was done in the streets by strangers, at nine at night, by the Maypole in the Strand.

Sir W. Coventry (39) did write to me this morning to recommend him another, which I could find in my heart to do W. Hewer (25) for his good; but do believe he will not part with me, nor have I any mind to let him go. I would my brother were fit for it, I would adventure him there. He insists upon an unmarried man, that can write well, and hath French enough to transcribe it only from a copy, and may write shorthand, if it may be.

Thence with him to my Chancellor (58) at Clarendon House, to a Committee for Tangier, where several things spoke of and proceeded on, and particularly sending Commissioners thither before the new Governor (59) goes, which I think will signify as much good as any thing else that hath been done about the place, which is none at all. I did again tell them the badness of their credit by the time their tallies took before they become payable, and their spending more than their fund. They seem well satisfied with what I said, and I am glad that I may be remembered that I do tell them the case plain; but it troubled me that I see them hot upon it, that the Governor (59) shall not be paymaster, which will force me either to the providing one there to do it (which I will never undertake), or leave the employment, which I had rather do.

Mightily pleased with the noblenesse of this house, and the brave furniture and pictures, which indeed is very noble, and, being broke up, I with Sir G. Carteret (57) in his coach into Hide Park, to discourse of things, and spent an hour in this manner with great pleasure, telling me all his concernments, and how he is gone through with the purchase for my Lady Jemimah and her husband (26); how the Treasury is like to come into the hands of a Committee; but that not that, nor anything else, will do our business, unless the King (36) himself will mind his business, and how his servants do execute their parts; he do fear an utter ruin in the state, and that in a little time, if the King (36) do not mind his business soon; that the King (36) is very kind to him, and to my Lord Sandwich (41), and that he doubts not but at his coming home, which he expects about Michaelmas, he will be very well received. But it is pretty strange how he began again the business of the intention of a marriage of my Lord Hinchingbrooke (19) to a daughter of my Lord Burlington's (54) to my Chancellor (58), which he now tells me as a great secret, when he told it me the last Sunday but one; but it may be the poor man hath forgot, and I do believe he do make it a secret, he telling me that he has not told it to any but myself, end this day to his daughter my Lady Jemimah, who looks to lie down about two months hence.

After all this discourse we turned back and to White Hall, where we parted, and I took up my wife at Unthanke's, and so home, and in our street, at the Three Tuns' Tavern door, I find a great hubbub; and what was it but two brothers [Note. Basil Fielding -1667 and Christopher Fielding] have fallen out, and one killed the other. And who should they be but the two Fieldings; one whereof, Bazill, was page to my Lady Sandwich (42); and he hath killed the other, himself being very drunk, and so is sent to Newgate.

I to the office and did as much business as my eyes would let me, and so home to supper and to bed.

Before 23 Jun 1686 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of William Coventry 1628-1686. In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of William Hewer 1642-1715. Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 12 Dec 1676 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of John Middleton 1st Earl Middleton 1608-1674. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Around 1650 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Richard Boyle 2nd Earl Cork 1st Earl Burlington 1612-1698. In or before 1674. John Hayls Painter 1600-1679. Portrait of Jemima Crew Countess Sandwich 1625-1674.

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Diary of Samuel Pepys 01 August 1667. 01 Aug 1667. Up, and all the morning at the office.

At noon my wife and I dined at Sir W. Pen's (46), only with Mrs. Turner (44) and her husband (54), on a damned venison pasty, that stunk like a devil. However, I did not know it till dinner was done. We had nothing but only this, and a leg of mutton, and a pullet or two. Mrs. Markham was here, with her great belly. I was very merry, and after dinner, upon a motion of the women, I was got to go to the play with them-the first I have seen since before the Dutch coming upon our coast, and so to the King's house, to see "The Custome of the Country". The house mighty empty—more than ever I saw it—and an ill play. After the play, we into the house, and spoke with Knipp, who went abroad with us by coach to the Neat Houses in the way to Chelsy; and there, in a box in a tree, we sat and sang, and talked and eat; my wife out of humour, as she always is, when this woman is by. So, after it was dark, we home. Set Knepp down at home, who told us the story how Nell is gone from the King's house, and is kept by my Lord Buckhurst (24).

Then we home, the gates of the City shut, it being so late: and at Newgate we find them in trouble, some thieves having this night broke open prison. So we through, and home; and our coachman was fain to drive hard from two or three fellows, which he said were rogues, that he met at the end of Blow-bladder Street, next Cheapside. So set Mrs. Turner (44) home, and then we home, and I to the Office a little; and so home and to bed, my wife in an ill humour still.

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In Dec 1672 Mary Moders 1642-1673 (30) was captured when a turnkey from Newgate Prison recognized her while searching for stolen loot.

John Evelyn's Diary 20 March 1683. 20 Mar 1683. Dined at Dr. Whistler's, at the Physicians' College, with Sir Thomas Millington (55), both learned men; Dr. W. (55) the most facetious man in nature, and now Censor of the college. I was here consulted where they should build their library; it is a pity this college is built so near Newgate Prison, and in so obscure a hole, a fault in placing most of our public buildings and churches in the city, through the avarice of some few men, and his Majesty (52) not overruling it, when it was in his power after the dreadful conflagration.

John Evelyn's Diary 01 November 1688. 01 Nov 1688. Dined with Lord Preston (39), with other company, at Sir Stephen Fox's (61). Continual alarms of the Prince of Orange (37), but no certainty. Reports of his great losses of horse in the storm, but without any assurance. A man was taken with divers papers and printed manifestoes, and carried to Newgate, after examination at the Cabinet Council. There was likewise a declaration of the States for satisfaction of all public ministers at The Hague, except to the English and the French. There was in that of the Prince's an expression, as if the Lords both spiritual and temporal had invited him over, with a deduction of the causes of his enterprise. This made his Majesty (55) convene my Lord of Canterbury (71) and the other Bishops now in town, to give an account of what was in the manifesto, and to enjoin them to clear themselves by some public writing of this disloyal charge.

Before 1725. John James Baker Painter -1725. Portrait of Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716. Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 wearing his Garter Collar. Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II.

1533 Buggery Act

On 08 Jul 1810 the Bow Street police raided the White Swan on Vere Street in London that had been established as a molly-house in early 1810 by two men, James Cook and Yardley. Twenty-seven men were arrested, but the majority of them were released (perhaps as a result of bribe); eight were tried and convicted. On 27 Sep 1810 six men were pilloried at the Haymarket. On 07 Mar 1811 John Hepburn (46) and Thomas White (16), a drummer boy, were hanged at Newgate Prison despite not being present on the night of the raid.

On 27 Nov 1835 James Pratt 1805-1835 and John Smith 1795-1835 were the last two men to be executed under the 1828 Offences Against the Person Act which had replaced the 1533 Buggery Act. They were hanged in front of Newgate Prison.

In 1841 George Edward Waldegrave 7th Earl Waldegrave 1816-1846 (24) was imprisoned for six months at Newgate Prison for having having drunkenly assaulted a police officer in Kingston Upon Thames. His wife Frances Braham Countess Waldegrave 1821-1879 (19) and servants joined him during his imprisonment.