History of Northamptonshire

1189 Richard I Appoints his Bishops

1290 Eleanor Crosses

1464 Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

1476 Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

1586 Trial of Mary Queen of Scots

1587 Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

1645 Battle of Naseby

1659 Third Protectorate Parliament

1660 Convention Parliament

1661 Cavalier Parliament

1665 Great Plague of London

1768 General Election

1774 General Election

1817 Death of Princess Charlotte

Northamptonshire is in Midlands.

In 1230 Eudes Zouche 1230-1296 was born to William Zouche 1215-1271 (20) and Maud Trailly at Northamptonshire.

On 06 Apr 1492 Maud Green Lady in Waiting 1492-1531 was born to Thomas Green 1461-1506 (31) and Joan Fogge at Northamptonshire.

William Tresham -1450 was born to Thomas Tresham at Northamptonshire.

Apethorpe, Northamptonshire

In Aug 1614 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628 (21) caught the eye of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (48) at hunt at Apethorpe. Opponents of the king's favourite Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset (27), saw an opportunity to displace Somerset and began promoting Villiers. Money was raised to purchase Villiers a new wardrobe.

Before 1628 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt Painter 1566-1641. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628.In 1616 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628 wearing his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628.In 1619 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628.Around 1625 Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628. Around 1605 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.In 1621 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.Around 1628 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (copy from original). Portrait of Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset 1587-1645.

Apethorpe Hall Apethorpe, Northamptonshire

In 1552 Walter Mildmay 1521-1589 (31) was granted Apethorpe Hall Apethorpe.

In 1567 Anthony Mildmay -1617 and Grace Sharington 1552-1620 (15) were married. They lived at Apethorpe Hall Apethorpe.

Around 1585. Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Miniature Portrait of Anthony Mildmay -1617. Hilliard represents Mildmay standing in a luxurious tent filled with beautiful furniture preparing for a tournament surrounded by objects that allow the artist to feature a variety of rich textures including red velvet, blue ostrich feathers, and gleaming metal.Before 11 Sep 1617 . Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anthony Mildmay -1617 at Emmanuel College Cambridge University which father Anthony Mildmay -1617 founded.

In 1633 Grace Fane Countess Home -1633 died at Apethorpe Hall Apethorpe.

Death of Princess Charlotte

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter V: Country House Visits. After my dear mother's death I visited a great deal with my father (53), and one year we went for the shooting to Lord Huntingfield's place, Heveningham Hall. I slept in the bedroom once occupied by the famous Chevalier d'Éon, who had been a frequent guest at Heveningham, and about whom there were many stories told. It was said that the Chevalier was the one and only lover of cross-grained Queen Charlotte, and that her son, George IV, was the result of their intimacy, although his paternity was of course admitted by King George III. The animosity always displayed by the old Queen to her grand-daughter, Princess Charlotte, was supposed to arise from the fact that as heiress to the throne she innocently dispossessed the other Royal Dukes from the succession. It is certainly a fact that the Princess's untimely death in childbirth was attributed to foul play at the time, and when later the accoucheur Sir Richard Croft, committed suicide, all classes of society were loud in condemnation of the Queen and the Prince Regent. I do not vouch for the accuracy of Queen Charlotte's love affair. I only give the Heveningham gossip as I heard it.
As D'Eon was undoubtedly one of the most picturesque and mysterious personages ot the eighteenth century I was naturally interested in these somewhat scandalous stories.
The Chevalier died when he was eighty-three years of age, after a most extraordinary career. He was at one time aide-de-camp to the Comte de Broglie, and fought in the French army ; but later on for some mysterious reason he discarded man's attire and passed as a woman for thirty-four years. Often when I went into my room I half expected to see a ghostly figure seated at the escritoire where the Chevalier wrote his secret cipher communications, and I wondered whether the brocade crowns and frills and furbelows that he wore as a woman had ever hung in the old wardrobe which I used.
My father and I also stayed with the Westmorlands at Apethorpe Hall ; we visited the Earl (38) and Countess of Chichester (36) at Stanmer Park, and we were welcome guests at Cadlands, Silverlands, Chiswick House, West Park, and my uncle Lord Stradbroke's place, Henham Hall, which was afterwards burnt down.
I had visited Deene Park with my mother in 1842, but I must deal with my future home in the chapter devoted to Deene and its associations.

Around 1766 Johan Joseph Zoffany Painter 1733-1810. Portrait of Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818.Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance Holland Painter 1735-1811. Portrait of Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818.1777. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820. Portrait of the Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818.Around 1762. Allan Ramsay Painter 1713-1784. Portrait of Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818.Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 when Prince of Wales.In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789. Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820.In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820.In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820.In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820.In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820.Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance Holland Painter 1735-1811. Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820.In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817. Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820.Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839. Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820.Around 1762. Allan Ramsay Painter 1713-1784. Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. Lord Cardigan hated the idea of being put underground, so his coffin was placed immediately under his effigy inside the tomb and not in a vault. He had always intended to have a monument erected during his lifetime in the Rectory grounds, and actually had some stone brought from his Stanion quarries for this purpose. One day Lord Westmorland called, and noticing the quantity of stone, asked what it was to be used for. Cardigan told him. "Nonsense", said Lord Westmorland, "give the stone to me instead. I want to make an entrance-hall at Apethorpe, and it will be the very thing!" My husband very good-naturedly gave him the Stanion stone, and the low entrance-hall at Apethorpe was built of it.
The late Queen Victoria greatly admired the design for the monument, and I was told on good authority that she even had her own figure modelled in her lifetime for her memorial tomb but that when search was made after her death the figure had disappeared and nobody knew what had become of it.

1841 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan 1797-1868.1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.1833. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871. Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Note the Garter worn on the Arm as worn by Ladies of the Garter.Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 and Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 and their children.In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.1880. Henry Tanworth Wells Painter 1828-1903. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 being informed she was Queen by Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 and William Howley Archbishop of Canterbury 1766-1848.Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria

Ashby St Ledgers, Northamptonshire

In 1470 William Catesby 1408-1470 (62) died at Ashby St Ledgers.

In 1473 George Catesby 1473-1507 was born to William Catesby 1450-1485 and Margaret Zouche 1459- at Ashby St Ledgers.

Around 1500 Richard Catesby 1500-1553 was born to George Catesby 1473-1507 (27) and Elizabeth Empson at Ashby St Ledgers.

On 20 May 1507 George Catesby 1473-1507 (34) died at Ashby St Ledgers.

On 09 Jun 1566 William Catesby 1547-1598 (19) and Anne Throckmorton -1605 were married at Ashby St Ledgers.

Aston le Walls, Northamptonshire

In 1541 John Dudley 1461-1541 (80) died at Aston le Walls.

Astwel, Northamptonshire

On 29 Oct 1571 Dorothy Giffard 1490-1571 (80) died at Astwel.

Aynho, Northamptonshire

On or before 29 Mar 1634 William Cartwright of Aynho Northamptonshire 1634-1676 was born to John Cartwright of Bloxham in Oxfordshire. He was baptised on 29 Mar 1634 at Aynho.

On 11 Oct 1686 Rhoda Chapman 1616-1686 (70) died at Aynho.

Barnwell, Northamptonshire

Richard Dudley 1378- was born at Barnwell.

Boughton, Northamptonshire

On 06 Aug 1369 Henry Green -1369 died at Boughton. He was buried at Church of St John the Baptist Boughton. Henry Green 1347-1399 inherited at Drayton House Drayton Lowick.

On 29 Aug 1391 Thomas Green 1345-1391 (46) died at Boughton.

Before 10 Feb 1557 Edward Montagu Chief Justice 1485-1557 bought the manor of Boughton.

Around 1563 Henry Montagu 1st Earl Manchester 1563-1642 was born to Edward Montagu 1530-1602 (33) and Elizabeth Harrington 1545-1618 (18) at Boughton.

On 29 May 1638 John Manners 1st Duke Rutland 1638-1711 was born to John Manners 8th Earl Rutland 1604-1679 (33) and Frances Montagu Countess Rutland 1614-1671 (24) at Boughton.

Samuel Pepys' Diary 15 May 1663. 15 May 1663. Up betimes and walked to St. James's, where Mr. Coventry (35) being in bed I walked in the Park, discoursing with the keeper of the Pell Mell, who was sweeping of it; who told me of what the earth is mixed that do floor the Mall, and that over all there is cockle-shells powdered, and spread to keep it fast; which, however, in dry weather, turns to dust and deads the ball.
Thence to Mr. Coventry (35); and sitting by his bedside, he did tell me that he sent for me to discourse upon my Lord Sandwich's (37) allowances for his several pays, and what his thoughts are concerning his demands; which he could not take the freedom to do face to face, it being not so proper as by me: and did give me a most friendly and ingenuous account of all; telling me how unsafe, at this juncture, while every man's, and his actions particularly, are descanted upon, it is either for him to put the Duke upon doing, or my Lord himself to desire anything extraordinary, 'specially the King (32) having been so bountifull already; which the world takes notice of even to some repinings. All which he did desire me to discourse with my Lord of; which I have undertook to do. We talked also of our office in general, with which he told me that he was now-a-days nothing so satisfied as he was wont to be. I confess I told him things are ordered in that way that we must of necessity break in a little time a pieces.
After done with him about these things, he told me that for Mr. Hater the Duke's word was in short that he found he had a good servant, an Anabaptist, and unless he did carry himself more to the scandal of the office, he would bear with his opinion till he heard further, which do please me very much.
Thence walked to Westminster, and there up and down in the Hall and the Parliament House all the morning; at noon by coach to my Lord Crew's, hearing that Lord Sandwich (37) did dine there; where I told him what had passed between Mr. Coventry (35) and myself; with which he was contented, though I could perceive not very well pleased. And I do believe that my Lord do find some other things go against his mind in the House; for in the motion made the other day in the House by my Lord Bruce, that none be capable of employment but such as have been loyal and constant to the King (32) and Church, the General [Monk] and my Lord were mentioned to be excepted; and my Lord Bruce did come since to my Lord, to clear himself that he meant nothing to his prejudice, nor could it have any such effect if he did mean it. After discourse with my Lord; to dinner with him; there dining there my Lord Montagu of Boughton, Mr. William Montagu (45) his brother, the Queen's Sollicitor, &c., and a fine dinner. Their talk about a ridiculous falling-out two days ago at my Lord of Oxford's (36) house, at an entertainment of his, there being there my Lord of Albemarle (54), Lynsey (55), two of the Porters, my Lord Bellasses (48), and others, where there were high words and some blows, and pulling off of perriwiggs; till my Lord Monk (54) took away some of their swords, and sent for some soldiers to guard the house till the fray was ended. To such a degree of madness the nobility of this age is come!
After dinner I went up to Sir Thomas Crew (39), who lies there not very well in his head, being troubled with vapours and fits of dizziness: and there I sat talking with him all the afternoon from one discourse to another, the most was upon the unhappy posture of things at this time; that the King (32) do mind nothing but pleasures, and hates the very sight or thoughts of business; that my Baroness Castlemaine's (22) rules him, who, he says, hath all the tricks of Aretin1 that are to be practised to give pleasure. In which he is too able .... but what is the unhappiness in that, as the Italian proverb says, "lazzo dritto non vuolt consiglio [Translation: An erection seeks no advice]". If any of the sober counsellors give him good advice, and move him in anything that is to his good and honour, the other part, which are his counsellers of pleasure, take him when he is with my Baroness Castlemaine's (22), and in a humour of delight, and then persuade him that he ought not to hear nor listen to the advice of those old dotards or counsellors that were heretofore his enemies: when, God knows! it is they that now-a-days do most study his honour. It seems the present favourites now are my Lord Bristol (50), Duke of Buckingham (35), Sir H. Bennet (45), my Lord Ashley (41), and Sir Charles Barkeley (33); who, among them, have cast my Chancellor (54) upon his back, past ever getting up again; there being now little for him to do, and he waits at Court attending to speak to the King (32) as others do: which I pray God may prove of good effects, for it is feared it will be the same with my Lord Treasurer (56) shortly. But strange to hear how my Lord Ashley (41), by my Lord Bristol's (50) means (he being brought over to the Catholique party against the Bishopps, whom he hates to the death, and publicly rails against them; not that he is become a Catholique, but merely opposes the Bishopps; and yet, for aught I hear, the Bishopp of London (64) keeps as great with the King (32) as ever) is got into favour, so much that, being a man of great business and yet of pleasure, and drolling too, he, it is thought, will be made Lord Treasurer (56) upon the death or removal of the good old man. My Lord Albemarle (54), I hear, do bear through and bustle among them, and will not be removed from the King's good opinion and favour, though none of the Cabinett; but yet he is envied enough. It is made very doubtful whether the King (32) do not intend the making of the Duke of Monmouth (14) legitimate2; but surely the Commons of England will never do it, nor the Duke of York (29) suffer it, whose lady (26), I am told, is very troublesome to him by her jealousy.
But it is wonderful that Sir Charles Barkeley (33) should be so great still, not [only] with the King (32), but Duke also; who did so stiffly swear that he had lain with her3. And another one Armour that he rode before her on horseback in Holland I think.... No care is observed to be taken of the main chance, either for maintaining of trade or opposing of factions, which, God knows, are ready to break out, if any of them (which God forbid!) should dare to begin; the King (32) and every man about him minding so much their pleasures or profits.
My Lord Hinchingbrooke (15), I am told, hath had a mischance to kill his boy by his birding-piece going off as he was a-fowling. The gun was charged with small shot, and hit the boy in the face and about the temples, and he lived four days.
In Scotland, it seems, for all the newes-books tell us every week that they are all so quiett, and everything in the Church settled, the old woman had like to have killed, the other day, the Bishop of Galloway, and not half the Churches of the whole kingdom conform.
Strange were the effects of the late thunder and lightning about a week since at Northampton, coming with great rain, which caused extraordinary floods in a few hours, bearing away bridges, drowning horses, men, and cattle. Two men passing over a bridge on horseback, the arches before and behind them were borne away, and that left which they were upon: but, however, one of the horses fell over, and was drowned. Stacks of faggots carried as high as a steeple, and other dreadful things; which Sir Thomas Crew (39) showed me letters to him about from Mr. Freemantle and others, that it is very true.
The Portugalls have choused us4, it seems, in the Island of Bombay, in the East Indys; for after a great charge of our fleets being sent thither with full commission from the King (32) of Portugall to receive it, the Governour by some pretence or other will not deliver it to Sir Abraham Shipman, sent from the King (32), nor to my Lord of Marlborough (45); which the King (32) takes highly ill, and I fear our Queen (24) will fare the worse for it. The Dutch decay there exceedingly, it being believed that their people will revolt from them there, and they forced to give over their trade. This is talked of among us, but how true I understand not. Sir Thomas showed me his picture and Sir Anthony Vandike's, in crayon in little, done exceedingly well.
Having thus freely talked with him, and of many more things, I took leave, and by coach to St. James's, and there told Mr. Coventry (35) what I had done with my Lord with great satisfaction, and so well pleased home, where I found it almost night, and my wife and the dancing-master alone above, not dancing but talking. Now so deadly full of jealousy I am that my heart and head did so cast about and fret that I could not do any business possibly, but went out to my office, and anon late home again and ready to chide at every thing, and then suddenly to bed and could hardly sleep, yet durst not say any thing, but was forced to say that I had bad news from the Duke concerning Tom Hater as an excuse to my wife, who by my folly has too much opportunity given her with the man, who is a pretty neat black man, but married. But it is a deadly folly and plague that I bring upon myself to be so jealous and by giving myself such an occasion more than my wife desired of giving her another month's dancing. Which however shall be ended as soon as I can possibly. But I am ashamed to think what a course I did take by lying to see whether my wife did wear drawers to-day as she used to do, and other things to raise my suspicion of her, but I found no true cause of doing it.
Note 1. An allusion to Aretin's infamous letters and sonnets accompanying the as infamous "Postures" engraved by Marc Antonio from the designs of Julio Romano (Steinman's "Memoir of Barbara, Duchess of Cleveland", privately printed, 1871).
Note 2. Thomas Ross, Monmouth's tutor, put the idea into his head that Charles II had married his mother. The report was sedulously spread abroad, and obtained some kind of credence, until, in June, 1678, the King (32) set the matter at rest by publishing a declaration, which was entered in the Council book and registered in Chancery. The words of the declaration are: "That to avoid any dispute which might happen in time to come concerning the succession of the Crown, he (Charles) did declare, in the presence of Almighty God, that he never gave, nor made any contract of marriage, nor was married to Mrs. Barlow, alias Waters, the Duke of Monmouth's (14) mother, nor to any other woman whatsoever, but to his present wife, Queen (24) Catherine, then living"..
Note 3. The conspiracy of Sir Charles Berkeley (33), Monsieur Blanfort aka Lord Arran, Jermyn, Talbot, and Killigrew to traduce Anne Hyde (26) was peculiarly disgraceful, and the conduct of all the actors in the affair of the marriage, from Lord Clarendon downwards, was far from creditable (see Lister's "Life of Clarendon", ii. 68-79).
Note 4. The word chouse appears to have been introduced into the language at the beginning of the seventeenth century. In 1609, a Chiaus sent by Sir Robert Shirley, from Constantinople to London, had chiaused (or choused) the Turkish and Persian merchants out of £4,000, before the arrival of his employer, and had decamped. The affair was quite recent in 1610, when Jonson's "Alchemist" appeared, in which it is alluded to.

Before 23 Jun 1686 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of William Coventry 1628-1686.Samuel Pepys' Diary 09 October 1660. 09 Oct 1660. This morning Sir W. Batten with Colonel Birch to Deptford, to pay off two ships. Sir W. Pen and I staid to do business, and afterwards together to White Hall, where I went to my Lord, and found him in bed not well, and saw in his chamber his picture<SUP>2</SUP>, very well done; and am with child<SUP>1</SUP> till I get it copied out, which I hope to do when he is gone to sea. <BR>To Whitehall again, where at Mr. Coventry's chamber I met with Sir W. Pen again, and so with him to Redriffe by water, and from thence walked over the fields to Deptford (the first pleasant walk I have had a great while), and in our way had a great deal of merry discourse, and find him to be a merry fellow and pretty good natured, and sings very bawdy songs. So we came and found our gentlemen and Mr. Prin at the pay. About noon we dined together, and were very merry at table telling of tales. After dinner to the pay of another ship till 10 at night, and so home in our barge, a clear moonshine night, and it was 12 o'clock before we got home, where I found my wife in bed, and part of our chambers hung to-day by the upholster, but not being well done I was fretted, and so in a discontent to bed.<BR>I found Mr. Prin a good, honest, plain man, but in his discourse not very free or pleasant. Among all the tales that passed among us to-day, he told us of one Damford, that, being a black man, did scald his beard with mince-pie, and it came up again all white in that place, and continued to his dying day. Sir W. Pen told us a good jest about some gentlemen blinding of the drawer, and who he catched was to pay the reckoning, and so they got away, and the master of the house coming up to see what his man did, his man got hold of him, thinking it to be one of the gentlemen, and told him that he was to pay the reckoning.<BR>Note 1. A figurative expression for an eager longing desire, used by Udall and by Spenser. The latest authority given by Dr. Murray in the New English Dictionary, is Bailey in 1725.<BR>Note 2. Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.Around 1650 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672.Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1656 Gilbert Soest Painter 1605-1681. Portrait of Aubrey Vere 20th Earl Oxford 1627-1703.Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670.Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes.Around 1634 Gilbert Jackson Painter 1595-1648. Portrait of John Belasyse 1st Baron Belasyse 1614-1689.Around 1669 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of John Belasyse 1st Baron Belasyse 1614-1689.Around 1707. Charles D'Agar Painter 1669-1723. Portrait of Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697.Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. One of the Windsor Beauties.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Around 1690 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Before 07 Nov 1666. William Faithorne The Elder Engraver 1616-1691. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. See Samuel Pepys' Diary 07 November 1666.Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol 1612-1677 and William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700.Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol 1612-1677.Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 wearing his Garter Collar.Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 wearing his Garter Robes.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685.Around 1672 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Anthony Ashley Cooper 1st Earl Shaftesbury 1621-1683.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Anthony Ashley Cooper 1st Earl Shaftesbury 1621-1683. Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674.Around 1660 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Thomas Wriothesley 4th Earl of Southampton 1607-1667 holding his Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.Around 1670. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685.Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Samuel Pepys' Diary 24 March 1666.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.Around 1661 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671.Around 1662 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. One of the Windsor Beauties.Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671.Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza. Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Samuel Pepys' Diary 15 September 1663. 15 Sep 1663. Up pretty betimes and rode as far as Godmanchester, Mr. Moore having two falls, once in water and another in dirt, and there 'light and eat and drunk, being all of us very weary, but especially my uncle and wife.
Thence to Brampton to my father's, and there found all well, but not sensible how they ought to treat my uncle and his son, at least till the Court be over, which vexed me, but on my counsel they carried it fair to them; and so my father, cozen Thomas, and I up to Hinchingbroke, where I find my Lord and his company gone to Boughton, which vexed me; but there I find my Lady and the young ladies, and there I alone with my Lady two hours, she carrying me through every part of the house and gardens, which are, and will be, mighty noble indeed. Here I saw Mrs. Betty Pickering, who is a very well-bred and comely lady, but very fat.
Thence, without so much as drinking, home with my father and cozen, who staid for me, and to a good supper; after I had had an hour's talk with my father abroad in the fields, wherein he begun to talk very highly of my promises to him of giving him the profits of Sturtlow, as if it were nothing that I give him out of my purse, and that he would have me to give this also from myself to my brothers and sister; I mean Brampton and all, I think: I confess I was angry to hear him talk in that manner, and took him up roundly in it, and advised him if he could not live upon £50 per ann., which was another part of his discourse, that he would think to come and live at Tom's again, where £50 per ann. will be a good addition to Tom's trade, and I think that must be done when all is done. But my father spoke nothing more of it all the time I was in the country, though at the time he seemed to like it well enough. I also spoke with Piggott too this evening before I went in to supper, and doubt that I shall meet with some knots in my business to-morrow before I can do it at the Court, but I shall do my best. After supper my uncle and his son to Stankes's to bed, which troubles me, all our father's beds being lent to Hinchingbroke, and so my wife and I to bed, she very weary.

Great Plague of London

Samuel Pepys' Diary 12 July 1665. 12 Jul 1665. After doing what business I could in the morning, it being a solemn fast-day1 for the plague growing upon us, I took boat and down to Deptford, where I stood with great pleasure an houre or two by my Lady Sandwich's (40) bedside, talking to her (she lying prettily in bed) of my Lady Jemimah's being from my Lady Pickering's when our letters come to that place; she being at my Lord Montagu's, at Boughton. The truth is, I had received letters of it two days ago, but had dropped them, and was in a very extraordinary straite what to do for them, or what account to give my Lady, but sent to every place; I sent to Moreclacke, where I had been the night before, and there they were found, which with mighty joy come safe to me; but all ending with satisfaction to my Lady and me, though I find my Baroness Carteret (63) not much pleased with this delay, and principally because of the plague, which renders it unsafe to stay long at Deptford.
I eat a bit (my Baroness Carteret (63) being the most kind lady in the world), and so took boat, and a fresh boat at the Tower, and so up the river, against tide all the way, I having lost it by staying prating to and with my Lady, and, from before one, made it seven ere we got to Hampton Court; and when I come there all business was over, saving my finding Mr. Coventry (37) at his chamber, and with him a good while about several businesses at his chamber, and so took leave, and away to my boat, and all night upon the water, staying a while with Nan at Moreclacke, very much pleased and merry with her, and so on homeward, and come home by two o'clock, shooting the bridge at that time of night, and so to bed, where I find Will is not, he staying at Woolwich to come with my wife to dinner tomorrow to my Baroness Carteret's (63).
Heard Mr. Williamson (31) repeat at Hampton Court to-day how the King of France (26) hath lately set out a most high arrest against the Pope, which is reckoned very lofty and high2.

In or before 1674. John Hayls Painter 1600-1679. Portrait of Jemima Crew Countess Sandwich 1625-1674.Before 23 Jun 1686 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of William Coventry 1628-1686.Samuel Pepys' Diary 09 October 1660. 09 Oct 1660. This morning Sir W. Batten with Colonel Birch to Deptford, to pay off two ships. Sir W. Pen and I staid to do business, and afterwards together to White Hall, where I went to my Lord, and found him in bed not well, and saw in his chamber his picture<SUP>2</SUP>, very well done; and am with child<SUP>1</SUP> till I get it copied out, which I hope to do when he is gone to sea. <BR>To Whitehall again, where at Mr. Coventry's chamber I met with Sir W. Pen again, and so with him to Redriffe by water, and from thence walked over the fields to Deptford (the first pleasant walk I have had a great while), and in our way had a great deal of merry discourse, and find him to be a merry fellow and pretty good natured, and sings very bawdy songs. So we came and found our gentlemen and Mr. Prin at the pay. About noon we dined together, and were very merry at table telling of tales. After dinner to the pay of another ship till 10 at night, and so home in our barge, a clear moonshine night, and it was 12 o'clock before we got home, where I found my wife in bed, and part of our chambers hung to-day by the upholster, but not being well done I was fretted, and so in a discontent to bed.<BR>I found Mr. Prin a good, honest, plain man, but in his discourse not very free or pleasant. Among all the tales that passed among us to-day, he told us of one Damford, that, being a black man, did scald his beard with mince-pie, and it came up again all white in that place, and continued to his dying day. Sir W. Pen told us a good jest about some gentlemen blinding of the drawer, and who he catched was to pay the reckoning, and so they got away, and the master of the house coming up to see what his man did, his man got hold of him, thinking it to be one of the gentlemen, and told him that he was to pay the reckoning.<BR>Note 1. A figurative expression for an eager longing desire, used by Udall and by Spenser. The latest authority given by Dr. Murray in the New English Dictionary, is Bailey in 1725.<BR>Note 2. Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

Boughton Castle Boughton, Northamptonshire

Around 1614 Frances Montagu Countess Rutland 1614-1671 was born to Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (51) and Frances Cotton 1578-1620 (36) at Boughton Castle Boughton.

In 1616 Robert The Elder Peake Painter 1551-1619. Portrait of (possibly) Frances Cotton 1578-1620.

In 1618 Christopher Montagu 1618-1641 was born to Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (55) and Frances Cotton 1578-1620 (40) at Boughton Castle Boughton.

In 1616 Robert The Elder Peake Painter 1551-1619. Portrait of (possibly) Frances Cotton 1578-1620.

Brigstock Boughton, Northamptonshire

Around 1530 Edward Montagu 1530-1602 was born to Edward Montagu Chief Justice 1485-1557 (45) and Helen Roper 1500-1563 (30) at Brigstock Boughton.

On 26 Jan 1602 Edward Montagu 1530-1602 (72) died at Brigstock Boughton.

On 10 Nov 1873 Robert Vernon 1st Baron Lyveden 1800-1873 (73) died. He was bured in Brigstock Boughton.

Church of St John the Baptist Boughton, Northamptonshire

On 06 Aug 1369 Henry Green -1369 died at Boughton. He was buried at Church of St John the Baptist Boughton. Henry Green 1347-1399 inherited at Drayton House Drayton Lowick.

Brackley, Northamptonshire

In 1626 John Hobart 2nd Baronet Hobart 1593-1647 (32) was elected MP Brackley.

In 1628 John Curzon 1st Baronet Curzon 1598-1686 (29) was elected MP Brackley.

On 05 Jun 1654 Dorothy Shirley 1654-1682 was born to Robert Shirley 4th Baronet Staunton Harold 1623-1656 (31) and Catherine Okeover -1672 at Brackley.

Before 1680 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Dorothy Shirley 1654-1682.

Third Protectorate Parliament

In 1659 Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697 (35) was elected MP Brackley during the Third Protectorate Parliament.

Around 1707. Charles D'Agar Painter 1669-1723. Portrait of Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697.

Convention Parliament

In 1660 Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697 (36) was elected MP Brackley during the Convention Parliament.

Around 1707. Charles D'Agar Painter 1669-1723. Portrait of Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697.

Cavalier Parliament

On 08 May 1661 Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) summoned his second Parliament.
John Bennet 1st Baron Ossulston 1616-1695 (44) was elected MP Wallingford.
James Thynne 1605-1670 (56) was elected MP Wiltshire.
Adam Browne 2nd Baronet Browne 1626-1690 (35) was elected MP Surrey.
Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1691 (30) was elected MP Northumberland.
William Compton Master of the Ordnance 1625-1663 (36) was elected MP Cambridge.
Thomas Coventry 1st Earl Coventry 1629-1699 (32) was elected MP Camelford.
Charles Berkeley 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge 1599-1668 (61) was elected MP Bath and Heytesbury.
Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 (28) was elected MP Chippenham.
Robert Pierrepoint 1638-1681 (23) was elected MP Nottingham.
John Melbury Sampford Strangeways 1585-1666 (75) was elected MP Weymouth.
Giles Strangeways 1615-1675 (45) was elected MP Dorset.
John Strangeways 1636-1676 (24) was elected MP Bridport.
William Wyndham 1st Baronet Wyndham 1632-1683 (29) was elected MP Taunton.
James Herbert 1623-1667 (38) was elected MP Queenborough.
William Alington 3rd Baron Alington 1640-1685 (20) was elected MP Cambridge.
William Bowes 1657-1707 (4) was elected MP Durham.
Robert Brooke 1637-1669 (24) was elected MP Aldeburgh.
Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699 (30) was elected MP Dartmouth.
Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (73) was elected MP Nottinghamshire.
Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697 (37) was elected MP Brackley.
Richard Jennings 1619-1668 (42) was elected MP St Albans.
Robert Kemp 2nd Baronet Kemp 1628-1710 (33) was elected MP Norfolk.
Edward Phelips 1613-1680 (48) was elected MP Somerset.
Robert Robartes 1634-1682 (27) was elected MP Bossiney.
Hender Robartes 1635-1688 (25) was elected MP Bodmin.
Clement Fisher 2nd Baronet 1613-1683 (48) was elected MP Coventry.
William Portman 6th Baronet 1643-1690 (17) was elected MP Taunton.
John Robinson Lord Mayor of London 1st Baronet 1615-1680 (46) was elected MP Rye.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. In 1676 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (attributed). Portrait of Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1691 wearing the his Garter Collar.Around 1675 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of Thomas Coventry 1st Earl Coventry 1629-1699.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699.Around 1707. Charles D'Agar Painter 1669-1723. Portrait of Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697.Before 06 Aug 1658 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Edward Phelips 1613-1680.Around 1662 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of John Robinson Lord Mayor of London 1st Baronet 1615-1680.

In 1679 Richard Wenman 4th Viscount Wenman 1657-1690 (22) was elected MP Brackley which seat he held for eleven years.

In 1682 Dorothy Shirley 1654-1682 (27) died at Brackley.

Before 1680 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Dorothy Shirley 1654-1682.

In 1695 Charles Egerton 1654-1717 (40) was elected MP Brackley.

1768 General Election

In 1768 William Egerton 1730-1783 (38) was elected MP Brackley during the 1768 General Election.

1774 General Election

In 1774 William Egerton 1730-1783 (44) was elected MP Brackley during the 1774 General Election.

Brington, Northamptonshire

On 22 Jun 1532 William Spencer 1496-1532 (36) died at Brington. He was buried at Brington.

On or before 04 Jan 1591 William Spencer 2nd Baron Spencer Wormleighton 1591-1636 was born to Robert Spencer 1st Baron Spencer Wormleighton 1570-1627 (21) and Margaret Willoughby 1566-1597 (24) at Althorp House. He was baptised on 04 Jan 1591 at Brington.

On 17 Aug 1597 Margaret Willoughby 1566-1597 (30) died at Brington.

John Evelyn's Diary 02 October 1656. 02 Oct 1656. Came to visit me my cousin, Stephens, and Mr. Pierce (since head of Magdalen College, Oxford), a learned minister of Brington, in Northamptonshire, and Captain Cooke (40), both excellent musicians.

Cadnam, Northamptonshire

In 1510 Robert Hungerford 1510-1556 was born to Robert Hungerford 1485-1517 (25) and Eleanor Yorke 1489-1517 at Cadnam.

Around 1558 John Hungerford 1558-1636 was born to Walter Hungerford -1565 at Cadnam.

Around 1620 John Hungerford 1620-1636 was born to Thomas Hungerford 1602-1675 (17) at Cadnam.

Edward Hungerford -1667 was born to John Hungerford 1620-1636 at Cadnam.

Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire

In 1280 Robert Peverell 1280-1318 was born to Richard Peverell 1250-1341 (30) at Castle Ashby.

On 29 Sep 1306 Edmund Peverell 1306-1331 was born to Robert Peverell 1280-1318 (26) at Castle Ashby.

Around 1339 John Pole 1339-1379 was born to William Pole 1302-1366 (37) and Katherine Norwich 1306-1381 (33) at Castle Ashby.

In 1512 William Compton Courtier 1482-1528 (30) aquired Castle Ashby.

On 23 Apr 1851 William George Spencer Scott Compton 5th Marquess Northampton 1851-1913 was born to William Compton 4th Marquess Northampton 1818-1897 (33) and Eliza Harriet Marchioness Northampton 1820-1877 (31) at Castle Ashby.

On 01 Jun 1902 Mary Florence Baring Marchioness Northampton 1860-1902 (41) died in Castle Ashby.

Castle Ashby House, Northamptonshire

John Evelyn's Diary 18 August 1688. 18 Aug 1688. Dr. Jeffryes, the minister of Althorpe, who was my Lord's chaplain when ambassador in France, preached the shortest discourse I ever heard; but what was defective in the amplitude of his sermon, he had supplied in the largeness and convenience of the parsonage house, which the doctor (who had at least £600 a year in spiritual advancement) had newly built, and made fit for a person of quality to live in, with gardens and all accommodation according therewith.
My lady (42) carried us to see Lord Northampton's (23) Seat, a very strong, large house, built with stone, not altogether modern. They were enlarging the garden, in which was nothing extraordinary, except the iron gate opening into the park, which indeed was very good work, wrought in flowers painted with blue and gilded. There is a noble walk of elms toward the front of the house by the bowling green. I was not in any room of the house besides a lobby looking into the garden, where my Lord (23) and his new Countess (19) (Sir Stephen Fox's (61) daughter, whom I had known from a child) entertained the Countess (42) and her daughter the Countess of Arran (21) (newly married to the son (30) of the Duke of Hamilton (53)), with so little good grace, and so dully, that our visit was very short, and so we returned to Althorpe, twelve miles distant.
The house, or rather palace, at Althorpe, is a noble uniform pile in form of a half H, built of brick and freestone, balustered and à la moderne; the hall is well, the staircase excellent; the rooms of state, galleries, offices and furniture, such as may become a great prince. It is situated in the midst of a garden, exquisitely planted and kept, and all this in a park walled in with hewn stone, planted with rows and walks of trees, canals and fish ponds, and stored with game. And, what is above all this, governed by a lady (42), who without any show of solicitude, keeps everything in such admirable order, both within and without, from the garret to the cellar, that I do not believe there is any in this nation, or in any other, that exceeds her (42) in such exact order, without ostentation, but substantially great and noble. The meanest servant is lodged so neat and cleanly; the service at the several tables, the good order and decency—in a word, the entire economy is perfectly becoming a wise and noble person. She is one who for her distinguished esteem of me from a long and worthy friendship, I must ever honor and celebrate. I wish from my soul the Lord (46), her husband (whose parts and abilities are otherwise conspicuous), was as worthy of her, as by a fatal apostasy and court-ambition he (46) has made himself unworthy! This is what she deplores, and it renders her as much affliction as a lady of great soul and much prudence is capable of. The Countess of Bristol (68), her mother, a grave and honorable lady, has the comfort of seeing her daughter and grandchildren under the same economy, especially Mr. Charles Spencer (13), a youth of extraordinary hopes, very learned for his age, and ingenious, and under a Governor of great worth. Happy were it, could as much be said of the elder brother, the Lord Spencer, who, rambling about the world, dishonors both his name and his family, adding sorrow to sorrow to a mother, who has taken all imaginable care of his education. There is a daughter (17) very young married to the Earl of Clancarty (20), who has a great and fair estate in Ireland, but who yet gives no great presage of worth,—so universally contaminated is the youth of this corrupt and abandoned age! But this is again recompensed by my Lord Arran (30), a sober and worthy gentleman, who has espoused the Lady Ann Spencer (21), a young lady of admirable accomplishments and virtue.

Before 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Digby Countess Sunderland 1646-1715. One of the Windsor Beauties.Around 1758 Pompeo Batoni Painter 1708-1787. Portrait of George Compton 4th Earl of Northampton 1664-1727.Before 1725. John James Baker Painter -1725. Portrait of Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716.

General photos of the Church of St Peter and St Paul Easton Maudit. The floor tiles Minton installed by donated by Alwyne Compton Bishop of Ely 1825-1906 son of Spencer Compton 2nd Marquess Northampton 1790-1851 who lived at near by Castle Ashby House.

Around 1845. Thomas Phillips Painter 1770-1845. Portrait of Spencer Compton 2nd Marquess Northampton 1790-1851.

Chacombe Priory, Northamptonshire

On 04 Oct 1325 John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (69) died at Chacombe Priory. His son Stephen Segrave 3rd Baron Segrave 1285-1325 (40) succeeded 3rd Baron Segrave 2C 1295.

Chaucombe, Northamptonshire

On 12 Nov 1295 Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (57) died at Chaucombe. His son John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (39) succeeded 2nd Baron Segrave 2C 1295. Christiana Plessey Baroness Segrave by marriage Baron Segrave 2C 1295.

Collyweston, Northamptonshire

Around 1475 John Stokesley Bishop of London 1475-1539 was born at Collyweston.

In 1499 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (55) took a vow of chastity in the presence of Richard FitzJames, Bishop of London with, apparently, the permission of her husband; it was always a marriage of convenience. Thereafter the Countess (55) lived at Collyweston.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

After 27 Jun 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 stayed at Collyweston.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541.

Corby, Northamptonshire

Around 1251 Alicia Ledet Baroness Latimer Corby 1251-1316 was born to Walter Ledet 1230-1256 (21) and Ermentrude Lisle 1228- at Corby.

Around 1256 Walter Ledet 1230-1256 (26) died at Corby.

On 05 Dec 1304 William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby 1243-1304 (61) died at Corby. His son William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby 1276-1327 (28) succeeded 2nd Baron Latimer Corby.

Pipewell Corby, Northamptonshire

Richard I Appoints his Bishops

On 15 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (32) held a Council meeting at Pipewell Corby at which he appointed a number of Bishops:
William Longchamp Bishop of Ely -1197 was elected Bishop of Ely.
Godfrey Lucy Bishop of Winchester -1204 was elected Bishop of Winchester.
Richard Fitzneal Bishop of London 1130-1198 (59) was elected Bishop of London.
Hubert Walter Archbishop of Canterbury 1160-1205 (29) was elected Bishop of Salisbury.

Rockingham Corby, Northamptonshire

On 01 Mar 1617 Edward Watson of Rockingham Castle 1549-1617 (68) died at Rockingham Corby.

Rockingham Castle Rockingham Corby, Northamptonshire

27 May 1208. Letter VII. Eleanor Plantagenet 1184 1241 to her subjects in Brittany. 27 May 1208. Letter VII. Eleanor Plantagenet 1184-1241 (24) to her subjects in Brittany.
Eleanora, duchess of Bretagne and countess of Richmond, to her dear and faithful lords the bishops of Nantes, Vannes, and Cornwall, and to Eudo de Poule, and Geoffry Espine, and Oliver de Rugy, and Pagan de Mal-Estrail, and all other her barons and faithful subjects of Bretagne, greeting.
We give you manifold thanks concerning the things of which you have informed us, and earnestly entreat you that you, the above-named, come to England to my lord and uncle the king of England (41); and know you, certainly, that your advent will, God willing, tend to your and our great honour and convenience, and, by God's grace, to our liberation.
We have spoken with our said uncle (41) about affording you a safe-conduct, and he is glad of your coming, and sends you his letters patent of safe-conduct; and you may all come safely by means of those letters — or as many of you as can, if all cannot come.
Witness myself, at Sarum, the 27th day of May.
To her dearest son Henry, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, earl of Anjou, Isabella (20), by the same grace queen of England, lady of Ireland, duchess of Normandy and Aquitaine, countess of Anjou and Angoulême, sends health and her maternal benediction.
We hereby signify to you that when the Earls of March (45) and Eu (48) departed this life, the lord Hugh de Lusignan (25) remained alone and without heirs in Poitou, and his friends would not permit that our daughter should be united to him in marriage, because her age is so tender, but counselled him to take a wife from whom he might speedily hope for an heir; and it was proposed that he should take a wife in France, which if he had done, all your land in Poitou and Gascony would be lost. We, therefore, seeing the great peril that might accrue if that marriage should take place, when our counsellors could give us no advice, ourselves married the said Hugh earl of March (25); and God knows that we did this rather for your benefit than our own. Wherefore we entreat you, as our dear son, that this thing may be pleasing to you, seeing it conduces greatly to the profit of you and yours; and we earnestly pray you that you will restore to him his lawful right, that is Niort, the castles of Exeter and Rockingham, and 3500 marks, which your father, our former husband (41), bequeathed to us; and so, if it please you, deal with him, who is so powerful, that he may not remain against you, since he can serve you well — for he is wdl-disposed to serve you faithfully with all his power; and we are certain and undertake that he shall serve you well if you will restore to him his rights, and, therefore, we advise that you take opportune counsel on these matters; and, when it shall please you, you may send for our daughter, your sister, by a trusty messenger and your letters patent, and we will send her to you.

Culworth, Northamptonshire

In 1449 Margery Danvers 1449-1510 was born to Richard Danvers 1428-1489 (21) at Culworth at Culworth.

Around 1452 John Danvers 1452-1514 was born to Richard Danvers 1428-1489 (24) at Culworth.

St Mary the Virgin Church Culworth, Northamptonshire

In 1790 Meriel Danvers erected a Monument to the D'Anvers Baronets including Samuel Danvers 1st Baronet D'Anvers 1611-1682 in St Mary the Virgin Church Culworth.

Daventry, Northamptonshire

Around 1090 Saer Quincy 1090-1158 was born at Daventry.

Althorp, Daventry, Northamptonshire

Wicken Manor, Althorp, Daventry, Northamptonshire

On 03 Aug 1588 Lawrence Washington 1565-1616 (23) and Margaret Butler 1568-1652 (20) were married at Wicken Manor.

Cottesbroke, Daventry, Northamptonshire

Cottesbrooke Hall, Cottesbroke, Daventry, Northamptonshire

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter X: Newmarket and Melton. The beautiful and unfortunate Empress Elizabeth of Austria (39) rented Cottesbroke from my cousins the Langhams, and her exploits in the hunting-field are well known. Bay Middleton was always staying at Cottesbroke, and used generally to give the Empress a "lead"..
The Empress found Sunday rather a dull day at Cottesbroke, so she had jumps made all round the park, and at 6 o'clock every Sunday morning she and Bay Middleton used to ride together, and taking the jumps became her unvarying Sunday amusement.
Her biographers have not flattered her when they describe her as being singularly handsome, for she was indeed a queenly figure, and I think her only personal defects were her hands and feet, which were large and ungainly. It is said that when Elizabeth (39) first met the Empress Eugenie (50) she was very jealous of her tiny extremities, for Eugenie's hands and feet were exceptionally small.

Around 1865. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Empress Elisabeth of Austria 1837-1898.Around 1854. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Empress Eugénie of France 1826-1920.In 1853. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Empress Eugénie of France 1826-1920.

Deene, Northamptonshire

In 1461 Robert Brudenell 1461-1531 was born at Deene.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter V: Country House Visits. I frequently went to Wittley, Lord Ward's (26) place, and I remember his eccentric brother, Dudley Ward (23), once getting up at dinner and hitting him without any provocation.
Lord Ward (26) had very curly hair, which could never be induced to lie smoothly on his head. I remember when he stayed at Deene after I married Cardigan (46) that his valet suddenly left, giving as his reason for so doing that he thought his Lordship (26) was going mad. It appears that the man had gone unexpectedly into his master's bedroom, and found him sitting in his bath with his HAT on. This seemed such an odd proceeding that the valet, who was a new servant, decided to leave at once and seek employment with a less eccentric master.
The reason Lord Ward wore his hat was solely to try and keep his rebellious curls in order !

1841 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan 1797-1868.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter X: Newmarket and Melton. Deene is in the midst of the best hunting country, so I hunted for thirty years with the Quorn, the Belvoir, the Pytchley, the Cottesmore, the Fitzwilliams, and the Woodland.
I was particularly proud of my mounts, and always rode splendid horses.

Drayton, Northamptonshire

On 16 Jun 1601 Lewis Mordaunt 3rd Baron Mordaunt 1538-1601 (62) died at Drayton. His son Henry Mordaunt 4th Baron Mordaunt 1567-1608 (34) succeeded 4th Baron Mordaunt.

Easton Maudit, Northamptonshire

On 31 Oct 1612 Christopher Yelverton Speaker of the House of Commons 1536-1612 (76) died at his seventy room house in Easton Maudit. On 03 Nov 1612 he was buried at the Church of St Peter and St Paul Easton Maudit.
In 1611 Margaret Catesby 1543-1611 died. She was buried at Church of St Peter and St Paul Easton Maudit.
Early canopied Jacobean Hooded Monument with eight daughters shown on one side, four sons on the other. The posts support a canopy of two semicircular arches with coffered soffits, urn ornaments at the angles, and shields of arms.

After 1647 Thomas Morton Bishop 1564-1659 became tutor to Henry Yelverton Baron Grey of Ruthyn 1633-1670 the son of Christopher Yelverton 1st Baronet Easton Maudit 1602-1654 at Easton Maudits.

On 20 Sep 1659 Thomas Morton Bishop 1564-1659 (95) died at Easton Maudit. He was buried at the Church of St Peter and St Paul Easton Maudit.
Note his grave slab states his name as Thomas Dunelm. Dunelm is the surname traditionally taken by Bishops of Durham. Main armorial the arms of the Bishop of Durham impaled with unknown arms.

Farmingwood or Farming Woods, Northamptonshire

On 14 Dec 1841 Anne Fitzpatrick -1841 died at Farmingwood or Farming Woods. Monument in St James the Apostle Church Grafton Underwood sculpted by Richard "The Younger" Westmacott Sculptor 1799-1892 (42).

Farthinghoe, Northamptonshire

Before 03 Oct 1646 Roland Egerton 1st Baronet Egerton and Oulton 1594-1646 died. On 03 Oct 1646 he was buried at Farthinghoe. His son John Egerton 2nd Baronet Egerton and Oulton -1674 succeeded 2nd Baronet Egerton and Oulton.

On 28 Jul 1648 Bridget Grey Lady Egerton and Oulton -1648 died. She was buried at Farthinghoe.

Fawsley

St Mary's Church Fawsley

Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

On 10 Aug 1439 Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (27) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (24) at Fotheringay Castle. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

On 03 May 1446 Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (34) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (31) at Fotheringay Castle. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

On 02 Oct 1452 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (41) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (37) at Fotheringay Castle. He a 2 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 4 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

In May 1554 Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (27) was imprisoned at Fotheringay Castle.

Trial of Mary Queen of Scots

Before 14 Oct 1586 Walter Mildmay 1521-1589 went to Fotheringay Castle to inform Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587 of her forthcoming trial in which he subsequently took part as one of the special commissioners.

Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.

In Nov 1586 Robert Beale Clerk Painter 1541-1601 (45) was sent with Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (50) to Fotheringay Castle to notify Mary Queen of Scots (43) that sentence of death had been passed upon her.

Before 1591. Hieronimo Custodis Painter -1593. Portrait of Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608.Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

The Letter Books of Amias Paulet Keeper of Mary queen of Scots Published 1874 Marys Execution. Execution of Mary Queen of ScotsThe inventory of the property of the Queen of Scots (44), alluded to in the foregoing letter, is printed in Prince Labanoff's collection, in which it occupies more than twenty pages. Poulet (54) compiled it by summoning Mary's servants before him, and requesting each of them to give him a written note of all that the Queen (44) had given them. A comparison of this inventory, made after Mary's death, with a former one, dated June 13, 1586, which Prince Labanoff found amongst M. de Chateauneuf's papers enables us to see that Mr. Froude has been led into a curious error respecting Mary Stuart's dress at the scaffold by the anonymous writer whose account he follows in preference to the narratives drawn up by responsible witnesses. It may seem to be of little importance, but as Mr. Froude has chosen to represent the last moments of Mary's life as "brilliant acting throughout," he should at least have been accurate in his details. He even goes so far as to say that she was deprived of the assistance of her chaplain for "fear of some religious melodrame." As to her dress, he says, "She (44) stood on the black scaffold with the black figures all around her, blood-red from head to foot. Her reasons for adopting so extraordinary a costume must be left to conjecture. It is only certain that it must have been carefully studied, and that the pictorial effect must have been appalling." And he quotes from the Vray Rapport the words, "Ainsy fut executee toute en rouge. [Translation: So was executed all in red.]".
The rouge was not " blood-red," but a dark red brown. Blackwood says that she wore, with a pourpoint or bodice of black satin, "une Juppe de vellours cramoisi brun," and the narrative called La Mort de la Royne d'Escosse says the same. There it is in the June inventory, "Une juppe de velloux cramoisy brun, bandee de passement noir, doublee de taffetas de couleur brune." In the inventory taken after her death it is wanting. As it happens, if she had wished to be "blood-red," she might have been so, for in the wardrobe there was "satin figure incarnat," " escarlate," and " satin incarnate." These figure both in the June and February inventories. When she was dressed "le plus proprement qu'elle put et mieux que de coutume," she said to her maids of honour, "Mes amies, je vous eusse laisse plustost cet accoustrement que celui d'hier, sinon qu'il faut que j'aille a la mort un peu honnorablement, et que j'aye quelque chose plus que le commun." "La tragedie finie," continues Blackwood, " les pauvres damoiselles, soigneuses de rhonneur de leur maistresse s'adresserent a Paulet son gardien, et le prierent que le bourreau ne touchast plus au corps de sa Majeste, et qu'il leur fust permis de la despouiller, apres que le monde seroit retire, afin qu'aucune indignite ne fust faitte au corps, promettant de luy rendre la despouille, et tout ce qu'il pourroit demander. Mais ce maudict et espou- ventable Cerbere les renvoya fort lourdement, leur commandant de sortir de la salle. Cependant le bourreau la dechausse, et la manie a sa discretion. Apres qu'il eust fait tout ce qu'il voulust, le corps fut porte en une chambre joignante celle de ces serviteurs, bien fermee de peur qu'ils n'y entrassent pour luy rendre leurs debvoirs. Ce qui augmenta grandement leur ennuy, ils la voyoient par le trou de la serrure demy couverte d'un morceau de drop de bure qu'on avoit arrache de la table du billard, dont nous avous parle cy dessus, et prioyent Dieu a la porte, dont Paulet (54) s'appercevant fist boucher le trou.".
The executioner snatched from her hand the little gold cross that she took from her neck. "Sa Majeste osta hors de son col line croix d'or, qu'elle vouloit bailler a mie de ses filles, disant au maistre d'oeuvres, Mon amy, cecy n'est pas k vostre usage, laissez la a cette damoiselle elle vous baillera en Argent plus qu'elle ne vaut; il luy arracha d'entre les mains fort rudement, disant, C'est mon droit. C'eust este merveille qu'elle eust trouve courtoisie en un bourreau Anglois, qui ne I'avoit jamais sceu trouver entre les plus honestes du pais, sinon tant qu'ils en pouvoient tirer de profit." It was worthy of Poulet (54) to insist that, even though everything Mary wore was to be burnt and the headsman was to lose his perquisites lest he should sell them for relics, it was to be by his hands that they should be taken from the person of his victim.
Several narratives of the execution exist. The most complete, attributed to Bourgoin, is printed in Jebb. Sir H. Ellis and Robertson print the official report of the Commissioners. Then there is Chateauneuf's Report to Henry III., February 27, 1587, N.S., in Teulet, and a narrative drawn up for Burghley by R. W. (Richard Wigmore). Blackwood also furnishes an interesting and trustworthy description. The anonymous Vray Rapport will be found in Teulet. Mr. Froude appears to have selected it, partly because it was possible to expand the Realistic description of the dissevered head, and in particular the inevitable contraction of the features, into the gross and pitiless caricature which he permits himself of the poor wreck of humanity; partly too, because the Vray Rapport, in direct contradiction to the other accounts, supports his assertion that Mary was "dreadfully agitated" on receiving the message of death from the two Earls. To convey the impression that the writer was bodily present on that occasion, Mr. Froude introduces him as "evidently an eye-witness, one of the Queen of Scots' (44) own attendants, probably her surgeon." But the narrative shows us that the writer, whoever he was, could not have been one of Mary's attendants, nor even acquainted with them, for he designates the two ladies who assisted their mistress at the scaffold as "deux damoiselles, I'une Francoise nommee damoiselle Ramete, et l'autre Escossoise, qui avait nom Ersex." There were no such names in Mary's household. The two ladies were both Scottish, Jane Kennedy and Elspeth Curie, Gilbert Curle's sister. Mr. Froude says, "Barbara Mowbray bound her eyes with a handkerchief." It was Jane Kennedy who performed for her this last service.
Poulet's (54) inventory, amongst other things, contains the following entry : "Memorandum that the Priest claimeth as of the said late Queen's gift, a silver chalice with a cover, two silver cruets, four images, the one of our Lady in red coral, with divers other vestments and necessaries belonging to a Massing Priest." When the scaffold had been taken away, the Priest was allowed to leave his room and join the rest of the household. On the morning after the execution he said Mass for Mary's soul; but on the afternoon of that day Melville and Bourgoin were sent for by Poulet, who gave orders that the altar should be taken down, and demanded an oath that Mass should not be said again. Melville excused himself as he was a Protestant and not concerned; the physician stoutly refused. Poulet (54) sent for the Priest, and required the coffer in which the vestments were kept to be brought to him. Du Preau, who was evidently a timid man, took the oath that Poulet (54) insisted on, little thinking that he was pledging himself for six months. "II jura sur la bible de ne faire aucune office de religion, craignant d'estre resserre en prison.".
The household of the late Queen (44) were not allowed to depart as soon as Poulet (54) expected. They were detained at Fotheringay, from motives of policy, till the 3rd of August, when the funeral of their mistress having been at last performed, they were set free. Some of them were taken to Peterborough to accompany the corpse and to be present at the funeral ceremonies on the 1st of August. Amongst them, in the order of the procession, it is surprising to find Mary's chaplain, "Monsieur du Preau, aumosnier, en long manteau, portant une croix d'Argent en main." The account of the funeral from which this is taken, written by one of the late Queen's (44) household, takes care to mention that when they reached the choir of Peterborough Minster, and the choristers began "a chanter a leur fagon en langage Anglois," they all, with the exception of Andrew Melville and Barbara Mowbray, left the church and walked in the cloisters till the service was finished. "Si les Anglois," he says, "et principalement le Roy des heraux . . . estoit en extreme cholere, d'autant estoient joieux et contents les Catholiques.".
Poulet left for London, and as long as Mary's servants were detained at Fotheringay, he seems to have retained jurisdiction over them. It was to him, therefore, that Melville and Bourgoin applied in March for leave to sell their horses and to write into France respecting the bequests made to them by the Queen of Scots ; and to him that Darrell forwarded in June "the petition of the whole household and servants of the late Queen of Scotland remaining at Fotheringay," begging to be released from their prison and to be allowed to leave the country.
Poulet (54), as has already been said, was made Chancellor of the Garter in April, 1587, but he did not retain this preferment for a whole year. He continued in the Captaincy of Jersey up to his death, but he appears to have resided in and near London. In the British Museum are two letters from him of small importance. One, addressed to the Lord High Admiral, is dated, "From my poor lodging in Fleet Street, the 14th of January, 1587," about "right of tenths in Jersey, belonging to the Government." The other, "From my little lodge at Twickenham, the 24th of April, 1588," "on behalf of Berry," whose divorce was referred by the Justices of the Common Pleas to four Doctors of the Civil Law, of whom Mr. Doctor Caesar, Judge of the Admiralty, to whom the letter was written, was one.
His name also occurs in a letter, from Walsingham to Burghley, dated May 23, 1587, while Elizabeth still kept up the farce of Burghley's disgrace for despatching Mary Stuart's death-warrant. "Touching the Chancellorship of the Duchy, she told Sir Amias Poulet that in respect of her promise made unto me, she would not dispose of it otherwise. But yet hath he no power to deliver the seals unto me, though for that purpose the Attorney is commanded to attend him, who I suppose will be dismissed hence this day with- out any resolution." And on the 4th of January following, together with the other lords of the Council, he signed a letter addressed by the Privy Council to the Lord Admiral and to Lord Buckhurst, the Lieutenants of Sussex, against such Catholics as "most obstinately have refused to come to the church to prayers and divine service," requiring them to " cause the most obstinate and noted persons to be committed to such prisons as are fittest for their safe keeping : the rest that are of value, and not so obstinate, are to be referred to the custody of some -ecclesiastical persons and other gentlemen well affected, to remain at the charges of the recusant, to be restrained in such sort as they may be forthcoming, and kept from intelligence with one another." On the 26th of September, in the year in which this letter was written, 1588, Sir Amias Poulet died.
Poulet was buried in St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London.When that church was pulled down to be rebuilt, his remains, with the handsome. Monument erected over them, were removed to the parish church of Hinton St. George. After various panegyrics in Latin, French, and English inscribed on his. Monument, a quatrain, expressive apparently of royal favour, pays the following tribute to the service rendered by him to the State as Keeper of the Queen of Scots: Never shall cease to spread wise Poulet's fame; These will speak, and men shall blush for shame: Without offence to speak what I do know, Great is the debt England to him doth owe.

Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.

Great Hall Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

Original Letters Illustrative of English History Second Series Volume III. Ellis notes that "the present narrative is from the Lansdowne MS. 51. art. 46. It is indorsed in Lord Burghley's hand, "8 Feb. 1586. The Manner of the Q. of Scotts death at Fodrynghay, wr. by Ro. Wy.
A Reporte of the manner of the execution of the Sc. Q. performed the viijth. of February, Anno 1586 [modern dating 1587] in the great hall of Fotheringhay, with relacion of speeches uttered and accions happening in the said execution, from the delivery of the said Sc. Q. to Mr Thomas Androwes Esquire Sherife of the County of Northampton unto the end of said execution..
THE READER shall now be presented with the Execution of the Queen of Scots (44) which was to the Court or three Statements of this Transaction were There was a Short one copies of which are Manuscripts Jul F vi foll 246 266 b and b Another a Copy of the Account of the Earl to the Lords of the Council dated on the day is MS Calig C ix fol 163 And there is a Office somewhat longer said to have been drawn evidently one of her servants present Narrative is from the Lansdowne MS in Lord Burghley s hand 8 Feb 1586 of Scotts death at Fodrynghay wr by Ro Wy Queen s death have been dressed up from writers but it is here given accurate and entire.
First, the said Scottish Queen, being carried by two of Sir Amias Paulett's (54) gentlemen, and the Sheriff (46) going before her, came most willingly out of her chamber into an entry next the Hall, at which place the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), commissioners for the execution, with the two governors of her person, and divers knights and gentlemen did meet her, where they found one of the Scottish Queen's servants, named Melvin [NOTE. Possibly Andrew Melville of Garvock Steward], kneeling on his knees, who uttered these words with tears to the Queen of Scots (44), his mistress, "Madam, it will be the sorrowfullest message that ever I carried, when I shall report that my Queen (44) and dear mistress is dead." Then the Queen of Scots, shedding tears, answered him, "You ought to rejoice rather than weep for that the end of Mary Stuart's (44) troubles is now come. Thou knowest, Melvin, that all this world is but vanity, and full of troubles and sorrows; carry this message from me, and tell my friends that I die a true woman to my religion, and like a true Scottish woman and a true Frenchwoman. But God forgive them that have long desired my end; and He that is the true Judge of all secret thoughts knoweth my mind, how that it ever hath been my desire to have Scotland and England united together. Commend me to my son, and tell him that I have not done anything that may prejudice his kingdom of Scotland; and so, good Melvin, farewell;" and kissing him, she bade him pray for her.
Then she (44) turned to the Lords and told them that she had certain requests to make unto them. One was for a sum of money, which she said Sir Amyas Paulet (54) knew of, to be paid to one Curle her servant; next, that all her poor servants might enjoy that quietly which by her Will and Testament she had given unto them; and lastly, that they might be all well entreated, and sent home safely and honestly into their countries. "And this I do conjure you, my Lords, to do.".
Answer was made by Sir Amyas Paulet (54), "I do well remember the money your Grace speaketh of, and your Grace need not to make any doubt of the not performance of your requests, for I do surely think they shall be granted.".
"I have," said she, "one other request to make unto you, my Lords, that you will suffer my poor servants to be present about me, at my death, that they may report when they come into their countries how I died a true woman to my religion.".
Then the Earl of Kent (46), one of the commissioners, answered, "Madam, it cannot well be granted, for that it is feared lest some of them would with speeches both trouble and grieve your Grace, and disquiet the company, of which we have had already some experience, or seek to wipe their napkins in some of your blood, which were not convenient." "My Lord," said the Queen of Scots, "I will give my word and promise for them that they shall not do any such thing as your Lordship has named. Alas! poor souls, it would do them good to bid me farewell. And I hope your Mistress (53), being a maiden Queen, in regard of womanhood, will suffer me to have some of my own people about me at my death. And I know she hath not given you so straight a commission, but that you may grant me more than this, if I were a far meaner woman than I am." And then (seeming to be grieved) with some tears uttered these words: "You know that I am cousin to your Queen (53) [NOTE. They were first-cousin once-removed], and descended from the blood of Henry the Seventh [NOTE. She was a Great Granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509], a married Queen of France [NOTE. She had married Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560], and the anointed Queen of Scotland.".
Whereupon, after some consultation, they granted that she (44) might have some of her servants according to her Grace's request, and therefore desired her to make choice of half-a-dozen of her men and women: who presently said that of her men she would have Melvin, her apothecary, her surgeon, and one other old man beside; and of her women, those two that did use to lie in her chamber.
After this, she being supported by Sir Amias's (54) two gentlemen aforesaid, and Melvin carrying up her train, and also accompanied with the Lords, Knights, and Gentlemen aforenamed, the Sheriff (46) going before her, she passed out of the entry into the Great Hall, with her countenance careless, importing thereby rather mirth than mournful cheer, and so she willingly stepped up to the scaffold which was prepared for her in the Hall, being two feet high and twelve feet broad, with rails round about, hung and covered with black, with a low stool, long cushion, and block, covered with black also. Then, having the stool brought her, she sat her down; by her, on the right hand, sat the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), and on the left hand stood the Sheriff (46), and before her the two executioners; round about the rails stood Knights, Gentlemen, and others.
Then, silence being made, the Queen's Majesty's Commission for the execution of the Queen of Scots (44) was openly read by Mr. Beale, clerk of the Council (46); and these words pronounced by the Assembly, "God save the Queen." During the reading of which Commission the Queen of Scots (44) was silent, listening unto it with as small regard as if it had not concerned her at all; and with as cheerful a countenance as if it had been a pardon from her Majesty (53) for her life; using as much strangeness in word and deed as if she had never known any of the Assembly, or had been ignorant of the English language.
Then one Doctor Fletcher, Dean of Peterborough (42), standing directly before her, without the rail, bending his body with great reverence, began to utter this exhortation following: "Madam, the Queen's most excellent Majesty," &c, and iterating these words three or four times, she told him, "Mr. Dean (42), I am settled in the ancient Catholic Roman religion, and mind to spend my blood in defence of it." Then Mr. Dean (42) said: "Madam, change your opinion, and repent you of your former wickedness, and settle your faith only in Jesus Christ, by Him to be saved." Then she (44) answered again and again, "Mr. Dean (42), trouble not yourself any more, for I am settled and resolved in this my religion, and am purposed therein to die." Then the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), perceiving her (44) so obstinate, told her that since she would not hear the exhortation begun by Mr. Dean (42), "We will pray for your Grace, that it stand with God's will you may have your heart lightened, even at the last hour, with the true knowledge of God, and so die therein." Then she answered, "If you will pray for me, my Lords, I will thank you; but to join in prayer with you I will not, for that you and I are not of one religion.".
Then the Lords called for Mr. Dean (42), who, kneeling on the scaffold stairs, began this prayer, "O most gracious God and merciful Father," &c, all the Assembly, saving the Queen of Scots (44) and her servants, saying after him. During the saying of which prayer, the Queen of Scots (44), sitting upon a stool, having about her neck an Agnus Dei, in her hand a crucifix, at her girdle a pair of beads with a golden cross at the end of them, a Latin book in her hand, began with tears and with loud and fast voice to pray in Latin; and in the midst of her prayers she slided off from her stool, and kneeling, said divers Latin prayers; and after the end of Mr. Dean's (42) prayer, she kneeling, prayed in English to this effect: "For Christ His afflicted Church, and for an end of their troubles; for her son; and for the Queen's Majesty (53), that she might prosper and serve God aright." She confessed that she hoped to be saved "by and in the blood of Christ, at the foot of whose Crucifix she would shed her blood." Then said the Earl of Kent (46), "Madam, settle Christ Jesus in your heart, and leave those trumperies." Then she little regarding, or nothing at all, his good counsel, went forward with her prayers, desiring that "God would avert His wrath from this Island, and that He would give her grief and forgiveness for her sins." These, with other prayers she made in English, saying she forgave her enemies with all her heart that had long sought her blood, and desired God to convert them to the truth; and in the end of the prayer she desired all saints to make intercession for her to Jesus Christ, and so kissing the crucifix, and crossing of her also, said these words: "Even as Thy arms, O Jesus, were spread here upon the Cross, so receive me into Thy arms of mercy, and forgive me all my sins.".
Her (44) prayer being ended, the executioners, kneeling, desired her Grace to forgive them her death; who answered, "I forgive you with all my heart, for now, I hope, you shall make an end of all my troubles." Then they, with her two women, helping of her up, began to disrobe her of her apparel; she never changed her countenance, but with smiling cheer she uttered these words, "that she never had such grooms to make her unready, and that she never put off her clothes before such a company.".
Then she (44), being stripped of all her apparel saving her petticoat and kirtle, her two women beholding her made great lamentation, and crying and crossing themselves prayed in Latin; she (44), turning herself to them, embracing them, said these words in French, "Ne criez vous; j'ay promis pour vous;" and so crossing and kissing them, bade them pray for her, and rejoice and not weep, for that now they should see an end of all their mistress's (44) troubles. Then she, with a smiling countenance, turning to her men servants, as Melvin and the rest, standing upon a bench nigh the scaffold, who sometime weeping, sometime crying out aloud, and continually crossing themselves, prayed in Latin, crossing them with her hand bade them farewell; and wishing them to pray for her even until the last hour.
This done, one of the women having a Corpus Christi cloth lapped up three-corner ways, kissing it, put it over the Queen of Scots' (44) face, and pinned it fast to the caul of her head. Then the two women departed from her, and she (44) kneeling down upon the cushion most resolutely, and without any token or fear of death, she spake aloud this Psalm in Latin, "In te, Domine, confido, non confundar in eternum," &c. [Ps. xxv.]. Then, groping for the block, she laid down her head, Putting her chin over the block with both her hands, which holding there, still had been cut off, had they not been espied. Then lying upon the block most quietly, and stretching out her arms, cried, "In manus tuas, Domine," &c, three or four times. Then she (44) lying very still on the block, one of the executioners holding of her slightly with one of his hands, she (44) endured two strokes of the other executioner with an axe, she making very small noise or none at all, and not stirring any part of her from the place where she lay; and so the executioner cut off her head, saving one little grisle, which being cut asunder, he lifted up her head to the view of all the assembly, and bade "God save the Queen." Then her dressing of lawn falling off from her head, it appeared as grey as one of threescore and ten years old, polled very short, her face in a moment being so much altered from the form she had when she was alive, as few could remember her by her dead face. Her lips stirred up and down a quarter of an hour after her head was cut off.
Then Mr. Dean (42) said with a loud voice, "So perish all the Queen's enemies;" and afterwards the Earl of Kent (46) came to the dead body, and standing over it, with a loud voice said, "Such end of all the Queen's and the Gospel's enemies.".
Then one of the executioners pulling off her (44) garters, espied her little dog which was crept under her clothes, which could not be gotten forth but by force, yet afterward would not depart from the dead corpse, but came and lay between her head and her shoulders, which being imbrued with her blood, was carried away and washed, as all things else were that had any blood was either burned or clean washed; and the executioners sent away with money for their fees, not having any one thing that belonged unto her. And so, every man being commanded out of the Hall, except the Sheriff (46) and his men, she was carried by them up into a great chamber lying ready for the surgeons to embalm her.

Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1582 Unknown Painter. Portrait of George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590.Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father.Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Around 1560 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560.1572. After François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560.

On 08 Feb 1587 Mary Queen of Scots (44) was beheaded in the Great Hall in Fotheringhay Castle.
George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (59), Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent 1541-1615 (46), Richard Knightley 1533-1615 (54) and Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl of Southampton 1573-1624 (13) witnessed her execution.
There are few extant original sources describing Mary's execution. Those that do exist are somewhat contradictory. They include The letter-books of Sir Amias Poulet, Keeper of Mary Queen of Scots, the Calendar of State Papers, Spain (known as the Simancas), Volume 4, 1587-1603 and Beale's sketch of the execution. The most reliable primary source appears to be Jebb's De vita et rebus gestis serenissimæ principis Mariæ Scotorum Reginæ published in Paris in 1589 in French; there doesn't appear to be an extant translation.

Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1582 Unknown Painter. Portrait of George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590.In 1567 attrbuted to Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Richard Knightley 1533-1615.Around 1603 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl of Southampton 1573-1624. The Latin inscription 'In vinculis invictus' (in chains unconquered)In 1618 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl of Southampton 1573-1624.

St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

After 25 Oct 1415 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was buried at St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34), George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26), Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36).

On 01 Apr 1495 Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (79) made her last will. It was proved 27 Aug 1495.
Source: A Selection From the Wills of Eminent Persons by Camden Society (Great Britain). Published 1838. Transcribed by John Gough Nichols and John Bruce.
IN the name of allmyghty God, the blessed Trinite, fader and son and the holigost, trusting in the meanes and mediacions of oure blessed Lady Moder, of oure most blessed Saviour Jh'u Crist, and by the intercession of holy Saint John Baptist, and all the saintes of heven: I, CECILLE, wife unto the right noble prince Richard late Duke of Yorke, fader unto the most cristen prince my Lord and son King Edward the iiij th , the first day of Aprill the yere of our Lord M.CCCC.lxxxxv. after the computacion of the Church of Englond, of hole mynde and body, loving therfore be it to Jh'u, make and ordeigne my testament in fourme and maner ensuyng.
Furst, I bequeath and surrendour my soule in to the mercifull handes of allmyghty God my maker, and in to protecion of the blessed yrgin our lady Saint Mary, and suffrage of Saint John Baptist, and of all other saintes of heven. Also my body to be buried beside the body of my moost entierly best beloved Lord and housbond, fader unto my said lorde and son, and in his tumbe within the collegiate church of Fodringhay, a if myn executours by the sufferaunce of the King (38) finde goode sufficient therto; and elles at the Kinges (38) pleasure. And I will that after my deceasse all my dettes sufficiently appering and proved be paid, thanking oure Lord at this tyme of making of this my testament to the knolege of my conscience I am not muche in dett; and if it happen, as I trust to God it shalnot, that there be not found sufficient money aswell to pay my dettes as to enture my body, than in advoiding such charges as myght growe for the same, the whiche God defende, I lymytte and assigne all such parcelles of plate as belongith to my chapell, pantry, cellour, ewry, and squillery, to the perfourmyng of the same, as apperith in the inventary, except such plate as I have bequeithed. Also I geve and bequeith to the Kinges noble grace all such money as is owing to me of the customes, and two cuppes of gold.
Also I geve and bequeith to the Quene (29) a crosse croslette of diamantes, a sawter with claspes of silver and guilte enameled covered with grene clothe of golde, and a pix with the fleshe of Saint Cristofer.
Also I bequeith to my lady the Kinges moder (51) a portuos with claspes of gold covered with blacke cloth of golde.
Also I geve to my lord Prince (8) a bedde of arres of the Whele of Fortune and testour of the same, a counterpoint of arras, and a tappett of arres with the pope.
Also I geve to my lord Henry Duke of Yorke (3) b three tappettes of arres, oon of them of the life of Saint John Baptist, another of Mary Maudeleyn, and the thirde of the passion of our Lord and Saint George.
And if my body be buried at Fodringhay in the colege there with my most entierly best beloved lord and housbond, than I geve to the said colege a square canapie of crymeson clothe of gold with iiij. staves, twoo auter clothes of crymeson clothe of gold, twoo copes of crymeson cloth of gold, a chesibull and twoo tenucles of cryinyson clothe of golcrvith iij. abes, c twoo auter clothes of crymeson damaske browdered, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, and iij. copes of blewe velwett brodered, with iij. abes, thre masse bokes, thre grayles, and vij. processioners.
Also I geve to the colege of Stoke Clare a chesibull and twoo tenucles of playn crymyson cloth of gold with iij. abes, twoo auter clothes, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, and fyve coopes of white damaske browdered, with iij. abes, twoo awter clothes of crymeson velwett upon the velwete (sic), a vestement of crymeson playne velvet, iiij. antiphoners, iiij. grayles, and sixe processioners.
Also I geve to the house of Sion two of the best coopes of crymyson clothe of gold.
Note. These next four people refer to her grand-daughters, children of Edward IV.
Also I geve to my doughter Brigitte (14) the boke of Legenda Aurea in velem, a boke of the life of Saint Kateryn of Sene, a boke of Saint Matilde.
Also I geve to my doughter Cecill (26) a portuous with claspes silver and gilte covered with purple velvet, and a grete portuous without note.
Also I geve to my doughter Anne (19) the largest bedde of bawdekyn, withe countrepoint of the same, the barge with bailies, tilde, and ores belonging to the same.
Also I geve to my doughter Kateryn (15) a traves of blewe satten.
Also I geve to my doughter of Suffolke (50) a the chare with the coveryng, all the quoshons, horses, and harneys belonging to the same, and all my palfreys.
Note. The next people are her grand-children, children of her daughter Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (50).
Also I geve to my son of Suffolke (24) b a clothe of estate and iij. quoschons of purpull damaske cloth of gold.
Also I geve to my son Humfrey (21) c two awter clothes of blewe damaske brawdered and a vestyment of crymeson satten for Jh'us masse.
Also I geve to my son William (17) d a traves of white sarcenet, twoo beddes of downe, and twoo bolsters to the same.
Also I geve to my doughter Anne priores of Sion, a boke of Bonaventure and Hilton in the same in Englishe, and a boke of the Revelacions of Saint Burgitte.
Also I woll that all my plate not bequeithed be sold, and the money thereof be putte to the use of my burying, that is to sey, in discharging of suche costes and expensis as shalbe for carying of my body from the castell of Barkehampstede unto the colege of Fodringhey. And if any of the said plate be lefte unexpended I woll the said colege have it.
Also I geve to the colege of saint Antonies in London an antiphoner with the ruelles of musik in the later ynd.
Also I geve unto Master Richard Lessy all suche money as is owing unto me by obligations what soever they be, and also all such money as is owing unto me by the Shirfe of Yorkeshire, to helpe to bere his charges which he has to pay to the Kinges grace, trusting he shall the rather nyghe the said dettes by the help and socour of his said grace.
Also I geve to Master William Croxston a chesibull, stoles, and fanons of blake velwett, with an abe.
Also I geve to Master Eichard Henmershe a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of crymyson damaske, with an abe; and a chesibill, stoles and fanons of crymeson saten, with an abe.
Also I geve to Sir John More a frontell of purpull cloth of gold, a legend boke, and a colett boke.
Also I give to Sir Kandall Brantingham a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of white damaske, orfreys of crymson velvet, with an abe, the better of bothe.
Also I geve to Sir William Grave a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of white damaske, orfreys of crymeson velvett, with an abe; a masse-boke that servith for the closett, a prymour with claspes silver and gilt, covered with blewe velvett, and a sawter that servith for the closett covered with white ledder.
Also I geve to Sir John Blotte a gospell boke, a pistill covered with ledder, and a case for a corporax of grene playne velvett. Also I geve to Sir Thomas Clerk a chesibill, twoo tenucles, stoles, fanons, of rede bawdeken, with iij. abes.
Also I geve to Sir William Tiler twoo coopes of rede bawdekyn.
Also I geve to Robert Claver iij. copes of white damaske brawdered, and a gowne of the Duchie b facion of playne blake velvett furred with ermyns.
Also I geve to John Bury twoo old copes of crymysyn satten cloth of gold, a frontell of white bawdekyn, twoo curteyns of rede sarcenett fringed, twoo curteyns of whit sarcenet fringed, a feder bed, a bolstour to the same, the best of feders, and two whit spervers of lynyn.
Also I geve to John Poule twoo auter clothes, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, stoles, and fanons of white bawdekyn, with iij. abes; a short gowne of purple playne velvett furred with ermyns, the better of ij. and a kirtill of damaske with andelettes of silver and gilt furred.
Also I geve to John Smyth twoo auter clothes, a chesibill, twoo tenucles, stoles, and fanons of blew bawdekyn, with iij. abes. Also I geve to John Bury twoo copes of crymysyn clothe of gold that servith for Sondays.
Also I geve to John Walter a case for corporax of purple playne velvett, twoo cases for corporax of blewe bawdekyn, twoo auter clothes, a chesibill of rede and grene bawdekyn, a canapie of white sarcenett, iij. abes for children, and iiij. pair of parrours of white bawdekyn, twoo pair parrours of crymsyn velvett, twoo pair parrours of rede bawdekyn, a housling towell that servith for my selfe, twoo corteyns of blewe sarcenett fringed, a sudory of crymy-syn and white, the egges blak, a crose cloth and a cloth of Saint John Baptist of sarcenett painted, a long lantorn, a dext standing doble, twoo grete stondardes and ij. litill cofers.
Also I geve to John Peit-wynne twoo vestimentes of white damaske, a white bedde of lynnyn, a federbedde and a bolstour, and a short gowne of purple playne velvet furred with sabilles. Also I geve to Thomas Lentall six auter clothes of white sarcenett, with crosses of crymsyn velvet.
Also I geve to John Long iij. peces of bawdekyn of the lengur sorte. Also I geve to Sir [John] Verney knighte and Margarett his wiffe a a crosse [of] silver and guilte and berall, and in the same a pece of the holy crosse and other diverse reliques.
Also I geve to Dame Jane Pesemershe, widue, myne Inne that is called the George in Grauntham, during terme of her life; and after her decesse I woll that the reversion therof be unto the college of Fodringhay for evermore, to find a prest to pray for my Lord my housbond and me.
Also I geve to Nicholas Talbott and Jane his wife a spone of gold with a sharp diamount in the ende, a dymy-sent of gold with a collumbine and a diamont in the same, a guirdill of blewe tissue harnessed with gold, a guirdill of gold with a bokull and a pendaunt and iiij. barres of gold, a hoke of gold with iij. roses, a pomeamber of gold garnesshed with a diamont, sex rubies and sex perles, and the surnap and towell to the same.
Also I geve to Richard Boyvile and Gresild his wife my charrett and the horses with the harnes that belongith therunto, a gowne with a dymy trayn of purpull saten furred with ermyns, a shorte gowne of purple saten furred with jennetes, a kirtill of white damaske with aunde lettes silver and gilte, a spone of gold, a dymysynt of gold with a columbyne garnesshed with a diainant, a saphour, an amatist, and viij. perles, a pomeamber of gold enameled, a litell boxe with a cover of gold and a diamant in the toppe.
Also I geve to Richard Brocas and Jane his wife a long gown of purpull velvett upon velvet furred with ermyns, a greate Agnus of gold with the Trinite, Saint Erasmus, and the Salutacion of our Lady; an Agnus of gold with our Lady and Saint Barbara; a litell goblett with a cover silver and part guild; a pair of bedes of white amber gauded with vj. grete stones of gold, part aneled, with a pair of bedes of x. stones of gold and v. of corall; a cofor with a rounde lidde bonde with iron, which the said Jane hath in her keping, and all other thinges that she hath in charge of keping.
Also I geve to Anne Pinchbeke all other myne Agnus unbequeithed, that is to sey, ten of the Trinite, a litell malmesey pott with a cover silver and parte guilte, a possenett with a cover of silver, a short gowne of playne russett velvett furred with sabilles, a short gowne of playne blewe velvett furred with sabilles, a short gowne of purple playn velvet furred with grey, a tester, a siler, and a countrepoint of bawdekyn, the lesser of ij.
Also I geve to Jane Lessy a dymysent of gold with a roos, garnisshed with twoo rubies, a guirdell of purple tissue with a broken bokull, and a broken pendaunt silver and guilte, a guirdill of white riband with twoo claspes of gold with a columbyne, a guirdell of blewe riband with a bokell and a pendaunt of gold, a litell pair of bedes of white amber gaudied with vij. stones of gold, an haliwater stope with a strynkkill silver and gilte, and a laier silver and part guilte.
Also I geve to John Metcalfe and Alice his wife all the ringes that I have, except such as hang by my bedes and Agnus, and also except my signet, a litell boxe of golde with a cover of golde, a pair of bedes of Ixj. rounde stones of golde gaudied with sex square stones of golde enemeled, with a crosse of golde, twoo other stones, and a scalop shele of geete honging by.
Also I geve to Anne Lownde a litell bokull and a litell pendaunt of golde for a guirdill, a litell guirdell of golde and silke with a bokill and a pendaunt of golde, a guirdell of white riband with aggelettes of golde enameled, a hoke of golde playne, a broken hoke of golde enameled, and a litell rounde bottumed basyn of silver.
Also I geve to the house of Asshe-rugge a chesibull and ij. tenucles of crymysyn damaske embrawdered, with thre abes.
Also I geve to the house of Saint Margaretes twoo auter clothes with a crucifix and a vestiment of grete velvet.
Also I geve to the parish church of Stoundon a coope of blewe bawdekyn, the orffreys embrawdered.
Also I geve to the parishe church of Much Barkehampstede a coope of blewe bawdekyn, the orffreys embrawdered.
Also I geve to the parish church of Compton by sides Guilford a eorporax case of blake cloth of gold and iiij. auter clothes of white sarcenett embrawdered with garters.
Also I geve to Alisaunder Cressener my best bedde of downe and a bolster to the same.
Also I geve to Sir Henry Haidon knyght a tablett and a cristall garnesshed with ix. stones and xxvij. perles, lacking a stone and iij. perles.
Also I geve to Gervase Cressy a long gown of playn blewe velvet furred with sabilles.
Also I geve to Edward Delahay twoo gownes of musterdevilers furred with mynckes, and iiij u of money.
Also I geve to Thomas Manory a short gowne of crymesyn playn velvet lyned, purfilled with blake velvet, and iiij ll in money.
Also I geve to John Broune all such stuf as belongith to the kechyn in his keping at my place at Baynardcastell in London, and iiij u in money.
Also I geve to William Whitington a short gown of russett cloth furred with matrons and calabour wombes, a kirtill of purpull silke chamblett with awndelettes silver and gilte, all such floures of brawdery werke and the cofer that they be kept in, and xls. in money.
Also I geve to all other gentilmen that be daily a waiting in my houshold with Mr. Richard Cressy and Robert Lichingham everich of theime iiij u in money.
Also I geve to every yoman that be daily ad waiting in my houshold with John Otley xls. in money.
Also I geve to every grome of myne xxvj s. viij d. in money. And to every page of myne xiij s. iiij d. in money.
Also I geve to Robert Harison xls. in money and all the gootes.
And if ther be no money founde in my cofers to perfourme this my will and bequest, than I will that myne executours, that is to sey the reverend fader in God Master Olyver King bisshop of Bath (63), Sir Reignolde Bray (55) knight, Sir Thomas Lovell, councellours to the Kinges grace, Master William Pikinham doctour in degrees dean of the colege of Stoke Clare, Master William Felde master of the colege of Fodringhey, and Master Richard Lessy dean of my chapell, havyng God in reverence and drede, unto whome I geve full power and auctorite to execute this my will and testament, make money of such goodes as I have not geven and bequeithed, and with the same to content my dettes and perfourme this my will and testament.
And the foresaid reverend fader in God, Sir Rignold Bray knyght, Sir Thomas Lovell knyght, Master William Pikenham, and Master William Felde, to be rewarded of suche thinges as shalbe delivered unto theme by my commaundement by the hondes of Sir Henry Haidon knyght stieward of my houshold and Master Richard Lessy, humbly beseching the Kinges habundant grace in whome is my singuler trust to name such supervisour as shalbe willing and favorabull diligently to se that this my present testament and will be perfittely executed and perfourmyd, gevyng full power also to my said executours to levey and receyve all my dettes due and owing unto me at the day of my dethe, as well of my receyvours as of all other officers, except such dettes as I have geven and bequeathed unto Master Richard Lessy aforesaid, as is above specified in this present will and testament.
And if that Master Richard Lessy cannot recover such money as I have geven to hym of the Shirffes of Yorkeshire and of my obligacions, than I will he be recompensed of the revenues of my landes to the sume of v c. marcs at the leest.
IN WITTENESSE HEROF I have setto my signet and signemanuell at my castell of Berkehamstede the last day of May the yere of our Lord abovesaid, being present Master Richard Lessy, Sir William Grant my confessour, Richard Brocas clerc of my kechyn, and Gervays Cressy. Proved at "Lamehithe" the 27 th day of August, A.D. 1495, and commission granted to Master Richard Lessy the executor in the said will mentioned to administer, &c. &c.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502.1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

On 31 May 1495 Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (80) died. She was buried at St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

In 1566 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (32) visited St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father.Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

On 30 Jun 1577 Frances Vere 1517-1577 (60) died at Soham. He was buried at St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

On 08 Nov 1586 John Spencer 1524-1586 (62) died. He was buried at St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

Foxley, Northamptonshire

On 16 Nov 1608 Newdigate Poyntz 1608-1643 was born to John Poyntz 1577-1617 (30) at Foxley.

Geddington, Northamptonshire

Eleanor Crosses

After 28 Nov 1290 Eleanor of Castile's body was taken from Harby to Westminster Abbey. At each of the locations at which her body rested overnight Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 commissioned the building of an Eleanor Cross. Three remain. The best example being at Geddington.

On 05 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 body rested at Geddington.

Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire

Around 1341 John Woodville 1341-1403 was born at Grafton Regis.

In 1390 Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448 was born to Thomas Bittelsgate 1350- and Joan Beauchamp 1370- at Grafton Regis.

In 1396 Thomas Bittelsgate 1350- and Joan Beauchamp 1370- were married at Grafton Regis.

Around 1400 Humphrey Stafford 1400-1467 was born in Grafton Regis.

After 08 Sep 1403 John Woodville 1341-1403 died at Grafton Regis.

Around 1437 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (32) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (22) at Grafton Regis.

In 1441 Anne Stafford 1441-1502 was born to Humphrey Stafford 1400-1467 (41) in Grafton Regis.

On 29 Nov 1441 Richard Woodville 1385-1441 (56) died at Grafton Regis.

In 1447 Lionel Woodville Bishop of Salisbury 1447-1484 was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (42) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (32) in Grafton Regis.

Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

Around May 1464 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (22) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (27) were married at Grafton Regis. Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (49), Elizabeth's mother, being the only witness. He a 2 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III England and 4 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

On 27 Jul 1558 Frances Giffard 1520-1558 (38) died at Grafton Regis.

Anne Woodville was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 at Grafton Regis.

Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire

St James the Apostle Church Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire

On 09 Jun 1727 Richard Fitzpatrick 1st Baron Gowran -1727 died. His son John Fitzpatrick 1st Earl Upper Ossory 1719-1758 (8) succeeded 2nd Baron Gowran of Bowran in County Kilkenny. Monument in St James the Apostle Church Grafton Underwood. Sculpted by Richard Westmacott Sculptor 1775-1856.

After 25 Jun 1727. St James the Apostle Church Grafton Underwood. Monument to those contained in the vault: Richard Fitzpatrick 1st Baron Gowran -1727 and Anne Robinson Baroness Gowran -1744, their son John Fitzpatrick 1st Earl Upper Ossory 1719-1758 and his wife Evelyn Leveson Gower Countess Upper Ossory 1725-1763, their son John Fitzpatrick 2nd Earl Upper Ossory 1745-1818 and Anne Liddell Duchess Grafton 1737-1804. Sculpted by Richard "The Younger" Westmacott Sculptor 1799-1892.

On 14 Dec 1841 Anne Fitzpatrick -1841 died at Farmingwood or Farming Woods. Monument in St James the Apostle Church Grafton Underwood sculpted by Richard "The Younger" Westmacott Sculptor 1799-1892 (42).

Great Brington, Northamptonshire

Great Creaton, Northamptonshire

In 1555 William Dickens 1555-1585 was born at Great Creaton.

In 1582 Anne Dickens 1582-1637 was born to William Dickens 1555-1585 (27) at Great Creaton.

In 1585 William Dickens 1555-1585 (30) died at Great Creaton.

Great Harrowden, Northamptonshire

Before 1616 Henry Neville 9th Baron Bergavenny 1579-1641 and Catherine Vaux Baroness Bergavenny 1592-1649 were married at Great Harrowden.

Greatworth, Northamptonshire

Greatworth Church Greatworth, Northamptonshire

On 25 Jul 1696 Eleanor Pargiter -1696 died. She was buried at Greatworth Church Greatworth.

On 17 Feb 1742 Charles Howe 1661-1742 (81) died. He was buried at Greatworth Church Greatworth.

Greens Norton, Northamptonshire

In 1345 Thomas Green 1345-1391 was born to Henry Green -1369 and Katherine Drayton 1319-1387 at Greens Norton.

On 10 Feb 1369 Thomas Green 1369-1417 was born to Thomas Green 1345-1391 (24) at Greens Norton.

On 14 Dec 1417 Thomas Green 1369-1417 (48) died at Greens Norton.

On 13 Apr 1433 Mary Talbot 1383-1433 (49) died at Greens Norton.

On 18 Jan 1462 Thomas Green 1400-1462 (61) died at Greens Norton.

St Bartholomew's Church Greens Norton, Northamptonshire

On 09 Sep 1462 Thomas Green 1421-1462 (41) died. He was buried at St Bartholomew's Church Greens Norton.

Gretton, Northamptonshire

In 1610 Robert Abbott Scrivener 1610-1653 was born to Thomas Abbott -1652 in Gretton.

Kirby Hall Gretton, Northamptonshire

John Evelyn's Diary 25 August 1654. 25 Aug 1654. To see Kirby, a very noble house of my Lord Hatton's (49), in Northamptonshire, built à la moderne; the garden and stables agreeable, but the avenue ungraceful, and the seat naked: returned that evening.

On 19 May 1791 George Finch Hatton 5th Earl Nottingham 10th Earl Winchilsea 1791-1858 was born to George Finch Hatton 1747-1823 (43) and Elizabeth Finch-Hatton 1760-1825 (31) and  at Kirby Hall Gretton.

1778. David Martin Painter 1737-1797. Portrait of cousins Elizabeth Finch-Hatton 1760-1825 and Dido Elizabeth Belle 1761-1804.

Grimsbury, Northamptonshire

In 1450 William Cope 1450-1513 was born at Grimsbury.

Hardingstone, Northamptonshire

Eleanor Crosses

On 06 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 body rested at Hardingstone.

Harleston, Northamptonshire

Around 1400. Window in the Chicheley Chapel at St Andrew's Church Wimpole from the late 14th early 15th Century depicting alliances of the Ufford family (who are thought to have owned the manor of Wimpole before the Chicheleys) and the Plantagenets through the marriage of Ralph Ufford 1302-1346 and Maud Plantagenet Countess Ulster 1310-1377, daughter of Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 .
From top to bottom, left to right:
Tiptoft Arms. The Tiptoft family owned the nearby manor of Harleston.
Bardolf Arms.
Avenell Arms. The Avenell family once held a manor in Wimpole.
Telemache Arms.
Ufford Arms. Believed to be the arms of William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382. Note the difference of an annulet argent (white) in the top left corner.
Bohun Arms. Possibly William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281 1345 Arms. Possibly Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 although the label doesn't appear to have the fleur de lys of France.
Bassingbourne Arms.
Engaine Arms. John de Engaine lived in Huntingdonshire.
Lisle Arms. Possibly Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1288-1344. Robert settled at nearby Rampton.
Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 who married Margaret Norwich Countess Suffolk 1286-1368 whose father Walter Norwich 1274-1329 owned the manor of Cobbs in Wimpole.
England Edward III Arms
Ufford Arms with a label three points. Believed to be Robert Ufford who predeceased his father Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369.
Bassingbourne Arms.
The figure in the middle is believed to represent William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382.
From an original description by James C Powell 1903.

On 20 Jan 1861 Assheton Edward Harbord 1861-1929 was born to Charles Harbord 5th Baron Suffield 1830-1914 (31) and Cecilia Annetta Baring Baroness Suffield at Harleston.

Harringworth

Harrowden, Northamptonshire

Around 1473 Florence Hastings Baroness Grey Wilton 1473-1536 was born to Ralph Hastings -1495 and Anne Tattershall 1439-1499 (34) at Harrowden.

Higham Ferrers, Northamptonshire

In 1547 Richard Throckmorton of Higher Ferrers 1482-1547 (65) died at Higham Ferrers.

Holdenby, Northamptonshire

Holdenby House Holdenby, Northamptonshire

After Jan 1647 John Coke 1607-1650 was one of the nine commissioners appointed to take charge of King Charles I at Holdenby House Holdenby.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

Horton, Northamptonshire

On 10 Sep 1547 William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 (64) died. He was buried at Horton.

On 16 Apr 1661 Christopher Montagu 1661- was born to George Montagu 1622-1681 (38) and Elizabeth Irby at Horton.

On 16 Apr 1661 Charles Montagu 1st Earl Halifax 1661-1715 was born to George Montagu 1622-1681 (38) and Elizabeth Irby at Horton.

In 1714. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Charles Montagu 1st Earl Halifax 1661-1715.

Hothorpe, Northamptonshire

In 1620 Dr Ralph Bathurst 1620-1704 was born in Hothorpe.

Isham, Northamptonshire

In 1508 Cecilia Durance 1508-1538 was born to John Durance -1539 at Isham.

Kings Cliffe, Northamptonshire

On 11 Nov 1718 Edward Irby 1st Baronet Irby 1676-1718 (42) died intestate at Kings Cliffe. His son William Irby 1st Baron Boston 1707-1775 (11) succeeded 2nd Baronet Irby of Whaplode and Boston.

Kingsthorpe, Northamptonshire

In 1601 Robert Bernard 1st Baronet 1601-1666 was born to Francis Bernard and Mary Woodhouse at Kingsthorpe.

Lamport, Northamptonshire

Church of All Saints Lamport, Northamptonshire

On 02 Mar 1675 Justinian Isham 2nd Baronet Isham 1610-1675 (65) died of smallpox at Oxford. He was buried at Church of All Saints Lamport. His son Thomas Isham 3rd Baronet Isham 1657-1681 (17) succeeded 3rd Baronet Isham of Lamport in Northamptonshire.

Laxton, Northamptonshire

Laxton Hall Laxton, Northamptonshire

On 23 May 1732 George Evans 2nd Baron Carbery 1703-1759 (29) and Frances Fitzwilliam Baroness Carbery -1789 were married. He was given the Laxton Hall Laxton estate by his mother, worth £1100 per year, and an annuity on the family's Irish estates worth £1,400 per year.

Little Creston, Northamptonshire

In 1570 John Twigden 1570-1611 was born at Little Creston.

In 1611 John Twigden 1570-1611 (41) died at Little Creston.

Lowick, Northamptonshire

On 18 Jun 1626 John Mordaunt 1st Viscount Mordaunt 1626-1675 was born to John Mordaunt 1st Earl Peterborough -1642 and Elizabeth Howard Countess Peterborough 1603-1671 (23) at Lowick.

Drayton Lowick, Northamptonshire

St Peter's Church Lowick, Northamptonshire

On 24 Mar 1499 Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (28) died at Drayton House Drayton Lowick. He was buried at St Peter's Church Lowick.

On 29 Jul 1843 Charles Sackville 5th Duke Dorset 1767-1843 (75) died unmarried. He was buried in St Peter's Church Lowick. His estates were inherited by.

Melton, Northamptonshire

Around 1520 Ellen Helena Fitzwilliam 1520-1575 was born to William Fitzwilliam Sheriff of London 1460-1534 (60) at Melton.

Milton, Northamptonshire

Around 16 Sep 1526 William Fitzwilliam 1526-1599 was born to William Fitzwilliam 1490-1552 (36) in Milton.

Around 1544 Philippa Fitzwilliam 1544-1596 was born to William Fitzwilliam 1526-1599 (17) in Milton.

Around 1555 William Fitzwilliam 1555-1618 was born to William Fitzwilliam 1526-1599 (28) in Milton.

In 1578 William Fitzwilliam 1st Baron Fitzwilliam 1578-1643 was born to William Fitzwilliam 1555-1618 (23) in Milton.

Naseby, Northamptonshire

Battle of Naseby

On 14 Jun 1645 Maurice Palatinate Simmern 1621-1652 fought at Naseby during the Battle of Naseby for the Royalist army.
John Lucas 1st Baron Lucas Shenfield 1606-1671 (38) fought for the King.
Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 (25) was wounded.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682, Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 and Colonel William Murray.In 1659 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Colonel John Russell 1620-1687.In 1659 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Colonel John Russell 1620-1687.

Nether Boddington, Northamptonshire

In 1619 Robert Washington 1544-1619 (75) died at Nether Boddington. He was buried at Church of St James the Less Sulgrave.

Northampton

Norton, Northamptonshire

On 03 Feb 1271 William Zouche 1215-1271 (61) died at Norton.

In Jun 1602 Dudley Knightley 1583-1602 (19) died in Norton. He had been shot in the neck whilst in the defense of Ostend. Having returned home he "fell down wherwith a fever took him whereof he died".

On 01 Sep 1615 Richard Knightley 1533-1615 (82) died in Norton. He was buried in St Mary's Church Fawsley.

In 1567 attrbuted to Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Richard Knightley 1533-1615.

Pottersbury, Northamptonshire

Wakefield Lodge Pottersbury, Northamptonshire

On 04 Dec 1918 Augustus Charles Lennox Fitzroy 7th Duke Grafton 1821-1918 (97) died in Wakefield Lodge Pottersbury. His son Alfred Fitzroy 8th Duke Grafton 1850-1930 (68) succeeded 8th Duke Grafton 1C 1675, 8th Earl Euston, 8th Viscount Ipswich, 8th Baron Sudbury. Susanna Mary Mctaggart Stewart Duchess Grafton by marriage Duke Grafton 1C 1675.

Rushton, Northamptonshire

On 11 Aug 1604 Anne Cockayne 1604-1668 was born to William Cockayne 1561-1626 (43) and Mary Morris Countess Dover -1648 in Rushton.

On 25 May 1668 Anne Cockayne 1604-1668 (63) died in Rushton.

All Saints Church Rushton, Northamptonshire

On 16 Mar 1559 Thomas Tresham -1559 was buried at All Saints Church Rushton.

Rushton Hall Rushton, Northamptonshire

In 1439 William Tresham -1450 bought at Rushton Hall Rushton.

St Peter's Church Rushton, Northamptonshire

On 19 Jun 1661 Charles Cockayne 1st Viscount Cullen 1602- (58) died. He was buried at St Peter's Church Rushton. His son Charles Cockayne 2nd Viscount Cullen 1631-1687 (29) succeeded 2nd Viscount Cullen.

In Jun 1687 Charles Cockayne 2nd Viscount Cullen 1631-1687 (55) died. He was buried at St Peter's Church Rushton.

Salcey Lawn, Northamptonshire

On 22 Aug 1839 Blanche Adeliza Fitzroy 1839-1933 was born to Henry Fitzroy 1806-1877 (33) in Salcey Lawn and Jane Elizabeth Beauclerk.

Selcey Forest, Northamptonshire

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 12 Dec 1461. Westminster Palace. Grant for life to Richard Wydevill (56), lord of Ryvers, of the office of chief rider of the king's forest of Saucy. co Northampton, with all trees and profits, viz dry trees, dead trees, blown down, old hedges or copice-hedges, boughs fallen without date, cahettels, waifs, strays, pannage of swine, 'derefall wode', 'draenes' brushwood and brambles, prerquisites of courts, swainmote and other issues within the forest, from the time when he had he same by letters patent of Henry VI.

Sibbertoft, Northamptonshire

In 1519 Laurence Saunders Martyr 1519-1555 was born to Thomas Saunders -1528 and Margaret Cave at Sibbertoft.

After 1544 Mary Ferrers 1487-1544 died at Sibbertoft.

Southwick, Northamptonshire

Church of St Mary Southwick, Northamptonshire

On 16 May 1758 George Lynn 1707-1758 (51) died. Monument in the Church of St Mary Southwick attributed to Louis Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762 (55). Grey and white marble with oval medallion of deceased suspended from broad flat Obelisk; drapery below and seated female figure to right, leaning against Urn.

In 1751 Andrea Soldi Painter 1703-1771. Portrait of Louis Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762.In 1762 Adrien Carpentiers Painter 1713-1778. Portrait of Louis Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762.

Spatton, Northamptonshire

Around 1609 Amphilis Twigden 1609-1654 was born to John Twigden 1570-1611 (39) and Anne Dickens 1582-1637 (27) at Spatton.

Stoke Albany, Northamptonshire

Around 1370 William Ros 6th Baron Ros Helmsley 1370-1414 was born to Thomas Ros 4th Baron Ros Helmsley 1335-1384 (34) and Beatrice Stafford Countess Desmond 1341-1415 (29) at Stoke Albany. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England.

Stoke Brunerne, Northamptonshire

Around 1252 Eva Chaworth 1252-1300 was born at Stoke Brunerne.

Stoke Doyle, Northamptonshire

Stowe, Northamptonshire

On 09 Jun 1360 Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360 (56) died at Stowe. On 09 Jun 1360 His son Warin Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1330-1382 (30) succeeded 2nd Baron Lisle of Kingston Lisle in Oxfordshire 3C 1357. Margaret Pipard Baroness Lisle 1323-1375 (37) by marriage Baron Lisle of Kingston Lisle in Oxfordshire 3C 1357.

Stowe Nine Churches, Northamptonshire

Sulby, Northamptonshire

In 1398 Ralph Hastings 1340-1398 (58) died at York Castle York. He was buried at Sulby.

Sulgrave, Northamptonshire

On 31 Jul 1621 Mary Washington 1555-1621 (66) died at Sulgrave.

Church of St James the Less Sulgrave, Northamptonshire

In 1619 Robert Washington 1544-1619 (75) died at Nether Boddington. He was buried at Church of St James the Less Sulgrave.

Sulgrave Manor Sulgrave, Northamptonshire

In 1544 Robert Washington 1544-1619 was born to Lawrence Washington 1500-1583 (44) at Sulgrave Manor Sulgrave.

On 19 Feb 1583 Lawrence Washington 1500-1583 (83) died at Sulgrave Manor Sulgrave.

Sutton, Northamptonshire

On 23 Jan 1260 Stephen Longespée 1216-1260 (44) died at Sutton.

Thenford, Northamptonshire

Around 1372 Katherine Pavenham 1372-1436 was born to Laurence Pavenham 1335-1399 (37) at Thenford.

On 10 Jul 1399 Laurence Pavenham 1335-1399 (64) died at Thenford.

The Rectory Aldwincle Thrapston, Northamptonshire

On or before 19 Jun 1608 Thomas Fuller Author 1608-1661 was born at The Rectory Aldwincle Thrapston. He was baptised 19 Jun 1608.

On 19 Aug 1631 John Dryden Poet 1631-1700 was born in The Rectory Aldwincle Thrapston.

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of John Dryden Poet 1631-1700.Around 1693. Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of John Dryden Poet 1631-1700.Around 1697. Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of John Dryden Poet 1631-1700.Around 1665 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of John Dryden Poet 1631-1700.

Thrapston, Northamptonshire

Before 27 Sep 1287 John Lovell 1222-1287 died at Thrapston.

On 16 Mar 1652 Margaret Butler 1568-1652 (84) died at Thrapston.

Titchmarsh, Northamptonshire

Around 1230 Maud Sydenham 1230-1288 was born to William Sydenham 1200-1233 (30) at Titchmarsh.

In 1289 John Lovell 2nd Baron Lovel 1289-1314 was born to John Lovell 1st Baron Lovel 1254-1311 (35) and Joan Ros Baroness Lovel 1260-1348 (29) at Titchmarsh.

Around 1310 Isabel Lovell 1310-1338 was born to John Lovell 2nd Baron Lovel 1289-1314 (21) and Maud Burnell Baroness Lovel 1290-1341 (20) at Titchmarsh.

In 1397 William Lovell 7th Baron Lovel 4th Baron Holand 1397-1455 was born to John Lovell 6th Baron Lovel 1375-1414 (22) at Titchmarsh.

On 01 Sep 1429 Eleanor Zouche Baroness Lovel 1365-1429 (64) died at Titchmarsh.

On 05 Aug 1466 Joan Beaumont Baroness Lovel 1435-1466 (31) died at Titchmarsh.

On 10 Feb 1474 Alice Deincourt Baroness Lovel Baroness Sudeley 1404-1474 (69) died at Titchmarsh. Her grandson Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (18) succeeded 7th Baron Deincourt 2C 1322, Baron Grey Rotherfield and the feudal baorny of Bedale.

In 1585 John Pickering 1585-1628 was born at Titchmarsh.

On 29 Jan 1628 John Pickering 1585-1628 (43) died at Titchmarsh.

Towcester, Northamptonshire

In 1414 Peter Empson 1414-1473 was born at Towcester to Francis Empson 1390-1495 (24).

On 05 Dec 1510 Joan Empson 1480-1510 (30) died at Towcester.

Easton Neston, Towcester, Northamptonshire

Around 1482 Richard Fermor 1482-1551 was born at Easton Neston.

On 17 Nov 1551 Richard Fermor 1482-1551 (69) died at Easton Neston.

In 1682 Thomas Chamberlayne 2nd Baronet Chamberlayne 1635-1682 (47) died at Easton Neston. His brother James Chamberlayne 3rd Baronet Chamberlayne 1635-1699 (46) succeeded 3rd Baronet Chamberlayne of Wickham in Oxfordshire.

Easton Newston House, Easton Neston, Towcester, Northamptonshire

John Evelyn's Diary 21 March 1691. 21 Mar 1691. Dined at Sir William Fermor's (42), who showed me many good pictures. After dinner, a French servant played rarely on the lute. Sir William (42) had now bought all the remaining statues collected with so much expense by the famous Thomas, Earl of Arundel, and sent them to his seat at Easton, near Towcester.

In 1618 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646.In 1630 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646 and wearing his Garter Collar.Around 1629 Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640. Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646.

Wakerley, Northamptonshire

On 04 Sep 1633 Richard Cecil 1570-1633 (62) died. He was buried at Wakerley.

Walton, Northamptonshire

On 31 Jan 1785 Henry Pelham Clinton 4th Duke Newcastle under Lyne 1785-1851 was born to Thomas Pelham Clinton 3rd Duke Newcastle under Lyne 1752-1795 (32) and Anna Maria Stanhope Countess Lincoln -1834 in Walton. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland.

Warkton, Northamptonshire

Weekley, Northamptonshire

On 21 Sep 1585 Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (22) and Elizabeth Jeffrey 1568-1611 (17) were married at Weekley.

On 24 Feb 1612 Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (49) and Frances Cotton 1578-1620 (34) were married at Weekley.

In 1616 Robert The Elder Peake Painter 1551-1619. Portrait of (possibly) Frances Cotton 1578-1620.

Weldon, Northamptonshire

In 1135 Osmund Basset 1104-1135 (31) died at Weldon.

Welford, Northamptonshire

Church of St Mary the Virgin Welford, Northamptonshire

On 10 Nov 1709 Richard Hastings 1645-1714 (64) and Goodith Smith 1659-1731 (50) were married at Church of St Mary the Virgin Welford.

Around Oct 1714 Richard Hastings 1645-1714 (69) was buried at Church of St Mary the Virgin Welford.

Whiston, Northamptonshire

Around 1376 William Catesby 1376- was born to John Catesby 1352-1405 (24) at Whiston.

Around 1402 John Catesby 1402-1479 was born to John Catesby 1378-1437 (24) at Whiston.

Around 1406 Edmund Catesby 1406-1474 was born to John Catesby 1378-1437 (28) at Whiston.

Around 1433 John Catesby 1433-1486 was born to Edmund Catesby 1406-1474 (27) at Whiston.

Around 1458 Humphrey Catesby 1458-1504 was born to John Catesby 1433-1486 (25) at Whiston.

In 1485 Isabel Pigot 1485-1550 was born to Thomas Pigot 1478-1518 (7) at Whiston.

Around 1527 Dorothy Catesby 1527-1613 was born to Anthony Catesby of Whiston 1500-1544 (27) and Isabel Pigot 1485-1550 (42) at Whiston.

In 1528 Wilburga Catesby 1528-1558 was born to Anthony Catesby of Whiston 1500-1544 (28) and Isabel Pigot 1485-1550 (43) in Whiston.

St Nicholas Church, Whiston, Northamptonshire

On 01 Apr 1769 Albania Selwyn Baroness Boston 1719-1769 (50) died. She was buried at St Nicholas Church.

Wigsthorpe, Northamptonshire

On 21 May 1559 Edmund Quincy 1559-1628 was born to John Quincy 1528-1597 (31) in Wigsthorpe.

In 1602 Edmund "The Puritan" Quincy 1602-1636 was born to Edmund Quincy 1559-1628 (42) at Wigsthorpe.

Winwick Manor, Northamptonshire

In 1541 Thomas Andrew of Winwick Manor Sheriff of 1541-1594 was born.

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

Original Letters Illustrative of English History Second Series Volume III. Ellis notes that "the present narrative is from the Lansdowne MS. 51. art. 46. It is indorsed in Lord Burghley's hand, "8 Feb. 1586. The Manner of the Q. of Scotts death at Fodrynghay, wr. by Ro. Wy.
A Reporte of the manner of the execution of the Sc. Q. performed the viijth. of February, Anno 1586 [modern dating 1587] in the great hall of Fotheringhay, with relacion of speeches uttered and accions happening in the said execution, from the delivery of the said Sc. Q. to Mr Thomas Androwes Esquire Sherife of the County of Northampton unto the end of said execution..
THE READER shall now be presented with the Execution of the Queen of Scots (44) which was to the Court or three Statements of this Transaction were There was a Short one copies of which are Manuscripts Jul F vi foll 246 266 b and b Another a Copy of the Account of the Earl to the Lords of the Council dated on the day is MS Calig C ix fol 163 And there is a Office somewhat longer said to have been drawn evidently one of her servants present Narrative is from the Lansdowne MS in Lord Burghley s hand 8 Feb 1586 of Scotts death at Fodrynghay wr by Ro Wy Queen s death have been dressed up from writers but it is here given accurate and entire.
First, the said Scottish Queen, being carried by two of Sir Amias Paulett's (54) gentlemen, and the Sheriff (46) going before her, came most willingly out of her chamber into an entry next the Hall, at which place the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), commissioners for the execution, with the two governors of her person, and divers knights and gentlemen did meet her, where they found one of the Scottish Queen's servants, named Melvin [NOTE. Possibly Andrew Melville of Garvock Steward], kneeling on his knees, who uttered these words with tears to the Queen of Scots (44), his mistress, "Madam, it will be the sorrowfullest message that ever I carried, when I shall report that my Queen (44) and dear mistress is dead." Then the Queen of Scots, shedding tears, answered him, "You ought to rejoice rather than weep for that the end of Mary Stuart's (44) troubles is now come. Thou knowest, Melvin, that all this world is but vanity, and full of troubles and sorrows; carry this message from me, and tell my friends that I die a true woman to my religion, and like a true Scottish woman and a true Frenchwoman. But God forgive them that have long desired my end; and He that is the true Judge of all secret thoughts knoweth my mind, how that it ever hath been my desire to have Scotland and England united together. Commend me to my son, and tell him that I have not done anything that may prejudice his kingdom of Scotland; and so, good Melvin, farewell;" and kissing him, she bade him pray for her.
Then she (44) turned to the Lords and told them that she had certain requests to make unto them. One was for a sum of money, which she said Sir Amyas Paulet (54) knew of, to be paid to one Curle her servant; next, that all her poor servants might enjoy that quietly which by her Will and Testament she had given unto them; and lastly, that they might be all well entreated, and sent home safely and honestly into their countries. "And this I do conjure you, my Lords, to do.".
Answer was made by Sir Amyas Paulet (54), "I do well remember the money your Grace speaketh of, and your Grace need not to make any doubt of the not performance of your requests, for I do surely think they shall be granted.".
"I have," said she, "one other request to make unto you, my Lords, that you will suffer my poor servants to be present about me, at my death, that they may report when they come into their countries how I died a true woman to my religion.".
Then the Earl of Kent (46), one of the commissioners, answered, "Madam, it cannot well be granted, for that it is feared lest some of them would with speeches both trouble and grieve your Grace, and disquiet the company, of which we have had already some experience, or seek to wipe their napkins in some of your blood, which were not convenient." "My Lord," said the Queen of Scots, "I will give my word and promise for them that they shall not do any such thing as your Lordship has named. Alas! poor souls, it would do them good to bid me farewell. And I hope your Mistress (53), being a maiden Queen, in regard of womanhood, will suffer me to have some of my own people about me at my death. And I know she hath not given you so straight a commission, but that you may grant me more than this, if I were a far meaner woman than I am." And then (seeming to be grieved) with some tears uttered these words: "You know that I am cousin to your Queen (53) [NOTE. They were first-cousin once-removed], and descended from the blood of Henry the Seventh [NOTE. She was a Great Granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509], a married Queen of France [NOTE. She had married Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560], and the anointed Queen of Scotland.".
Whereupon, after some consultation, they granted that she (44) might have some of her servants according to her Grace's request, and therefore desired her to make choice of half-a-dozen of her men and women: who presently said that of her men she would have Melvin, her apothecary, her surgeon, and one other old man beside; and of her women, those two that did use to lie in her chamber.
After this, she being supported by Sir Amias's (54) two gentlemen aforesaid, and Melvin carrying up her train, and also accompanied with the Lords, Knights, and Gentlemen aforenamed, the Sheriff (46) going before her, she passed out of the entry into the Great Hall, with her countenance careless, importing thereby rather mirth than mournful cheer, and so she willingly stepped up to the scaffold which was prepared for her in the Hall, being two feet high and twelve feet broad, with rails round about, hung and covered with black, with a low stool, long cushion, and block, covered with black also. Then, having the stool brought her, she sat her down; by her, on the right hand, sat the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), and on the left hand stood the Sheriff (46), and before her the two executioners; round about the rails stood Knights, Gentlemen, and others.
Then, silence being made, the Queen's Majesty's Commission for the execution of the Queen of Scots (44) was openly read by Mr. Beale, clerk of the Council (46); and these words pronounced by the Assembly, "God save the Queen." During the reading of which Commission the Queen of Scots (44) was silent, listening unto it with as small regard as if it had not concerned her at all; and with as cheerful a countenance as if it had been a pardon from her Majesty (53) for her life; using as much strangeness in word and deed as if she had never known any of the Assembly, or had been ignorant of the English language.
Then one Doctor Fletcher, Dean of Peterborough (42), standing directly before her, without the rail, bending his body with great reverence, began to utter this exhortation following: "Madam, the Queen's most excellent Majesty," &c, and iterating these words three or four times, she told him, "Mr. Dean (42), I am settled in the ancient Catholic Roman religion, and mind to spend my blood in defence of it." Then Mr. Dean (42) said: "Madam, change your opinion, and repent you of your former wickedness, and settle your faith only in Jesus Christ, by Him to be saved." Then she (44) answered again and again, "Mr. Dean (42), trouble not yourself any more, for I am settled and resolved in this my religion, and am purposed therein to die." Then the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), perceiving her (44) so obstinate, told her that since she would not hear the exhortation begun by Mr. Dean (42), "We will pray for your Grace, that it stand with God's will you may have your heart lightened, even at the last hour, with the true knowledge of God, and so die therein." Then she answered, "If you will pray for me, my Lords, I will thank you; but to join in prayer with you I will not, for that you and I are not of one religion.".
Then the Lords called for Mr. Dean (42), who, kneeling on the scaffold stairs, began this prayer, "O most gracious God and merciful Father," &c, all the Assembly, saving the Queen of Scots (44) and her servants, saying after him. During the saying of which prayer, the Queen of Scots (44), sitting upon a stool, having about her neck an Agnus Dei, in her hand a crucifix, at her girdle a pair of beads with a golden cross at the end of them, a Latin book in her hand, began with tears and with loud and fast voice to pray in Latin; and in the midst of her prayers she slided off from her stool, and kneeling, said divers Latin prayers; and after the end of Mr. Dean's (42) prayer, she kneeling, prayed in English to this effect: "For Christ His afflicted Church, and for an end of their troubles; for her son; and for the Queen's Majesty (53), that she might prosper and serve God aright." She confessed that she hoped to be saved "by and in the blood of Christ, at the foot of whose Crucifix she would shed her blood." Then said the Earl of Kent (46), "Madam, settle Christ Jesus in your heart, and leave those trumperies." Then she little regarding, or nothing at all, his good counsel, went forward with her prayers, desiring that "God would avert His wrath from this Island, and that He would give her grief and forgiveness for her sins." These, with other prayers she made in English, saying she forgave her enemies with all her heart that had long sought her blood, and desired God to convert them to the truth; and in the end of the prayer she desired all saints to make intercession for her to Jesus Christ, and so kissing the crucifix, and crossing of her also, said these words: "Even as Thy arms, O Jesus, were spread here upon the Cross, so receive me into Thy arms of mercy, and forgive me all my sins.".
Her (44) prayer being ended, the executioners, kneeling, desired her Grace to forgive them her death; who answered, "I forgive you with all my heart, for now, I hope, you shall make an end of all my troubles." Then they, with her two women, helping of her up, began to disrobe her of her apparel; she never changed her countenance, but with smiling cheer she uttered these words, "that she never had such grooms to make her unready, and that she never put off her clothes before such a company.".
Then she (44), being stripped of all her apparel saving her petticoat and kirtle, her two women beholding her made great lamentation, and crying and crossing themselves prayed in Latin; she (44), turning herself to them, embracing them, said these words in French, "Ne criez vous; j'ay promis pour vous;" and so crossing and kissing them, bade them pray for her, and rejoice and not weep, for that now they should see an end of all their mistress's (44) troubles. Then she, with a smiling countenance, turning to her men servants, as Melvin and the rest, standing upon a bench nigh the scaffold, who sometime weeping, sometime crying out aloud, and continually crossing themselves, prayed in Latin, crossing them with her hand bade them farewell; and wishing them to pray for her even until the last hour.
This done, one of the women having a Corpus Christi cloth lapped up three-corner ways, kissing it, put it over the Queen of Scots' (44) face, and pinned it fast to the caul of her head. Then the two women departed from her, and she (44) kneeling down upon the cushion most resolutely, and without any token or fear of death, she spake aloud this Psalm in Latin, "In te, Domine, confido, non confundar in eternum," &c. [Ps. xxv.]. Then, groping for the block, she laid down her head, Putting her chin over the block with both her hands, which holding there, still had been cut off, had they not been espied. Then lying upon the block most quietly, and stretching out her arms, cried, "In manus tuas, Domine," &c, three or four times. Then she (44) lying very still on the block, one of the executioners holding of her slightly with one of his hands, she (44) endured two strokes of the other executioner with an axe, she making very small noise or none at all, and not stirring any part of her from the place where she lay; and so the executioner cut off her head, saving one little grisle, which being cut asunder, he lifted up her head to the view of all the assembly, and bade "God save the Queen." Then her dressing of lawn falling off from her head, it appeared as grey as one of threescore and ten years old, polled very short, her face in a moment being so much altered from the form she had when she was alive, as few could remember her by her dead face. Her lips stirred up and down a quarter of an hour after her head was cut off.
Then Mr. Dean (42) said with a loud voice, "So perish all the Queen's enemies;" and afterwards the Earl of Kent (46) came to the dead body, and standing over it, with a loud voice said, "Such end of all the Queen's and the Gospel's enemies.".
Then one of the executioners pulling off her (44) garters, espied her little dog which was crept under her clothes, which could not be gotten forth but by force, yet afterward would not depart from the dead corpse, but came and lay between her head and her shoulders, which being imbrued with her blood, was carried away and washed, as all things else were that had any blood was either burned or clean washed; and the executioners sent away with money for their fees, not having any one thing that belonged unto her. And so, every man being commanded out of the Hall, except the Sheriff (46) and his men, she was carried by them up into a great chamber lying ready for the surgeons to embalm her.

Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1582 Unknown Painter. Portrait of George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590.Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father.Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Around 1560 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560.1572. After François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560.

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Wollaston, Northamptonshire

In 1426 Benedicta Babington 1368-1426 (58) died at Wollaston.

Woodford, Northamptonshire

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