History of Oxford

1312 Execution of Piers Gaveston

1355 St Scholastica Day Riot

1399 Epiphany Rising

1555 Execution of Bishops

1556 Execution of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer

1560 Death of Amy Robsart wife of Robert Dudley

1681 Oxford Parliament 5C2

1690 Glorious Revolution

Oxford is in Oxfordshire.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 900-949. 924. This year died King Edward (50) at Farndon in Mercia; and Elward (22) his son died very soon after this, in Oxford. Their bodies lie at Winchester. And Athelstan (30) was chosen king in Mercia, and consecrated at Kingston. He gave his sister to Otho (11), son of the king of the Old-Saxons (48). St. Dunstan (15) was now born; and Wulfhelm took to the archbishopric in Canterbury. This year King Athelstan and Sihtric king of the Northumbrians came together at Tamworth, the sixth day before the calends of February, and Athelstan (30) gave away his sister to him.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1009. This year were the ships ready, that we before spoke about; and there were so many of them as never were in England before, in any king (43) days, as books tell us. And they were all transported together to Sandwich; that they should lie there, and defend this land against any out-force. But we have not yet had the prosperity and the honour, that the naval armament should be useful to this land, any more than it often before was. It was at this same time, or a little earlier, that Brihtric, brother of Alderman Edric, bewrayed Wulnoth, the South-Saxon knight, father of Earl Godwin (8), to the king (43); and he went into exile, and enticed the navy, till he had with him twenty ships; with which he plundered everywhere by the south coast, and wrought every kind of mischief. When it was told the navy that they might easily seize him, if they would look about them, then took Brihtric with him eighty ships; and thought that he should acquire for himself much reputation, by getting Wulnoth into his hands alive or dead. But, whilst they were proceeding thitherward, there came such a wind against them, as no man remembered before; which beat and tossed the ships, and drove them aground; whereupon Wulnoth soon came, and burned them. When this was known to the remaining ships, where the king (43) was, how the others fared, it was then as if all were lost. The king (43) went home, with the aldermen and the nobility; and thus lightly did they forsake the ships; whilst the men that were in them rowed them back to London. Thus lightly did they suffer the labour of all the people to be in vain; nor was the terror lessened, as all England hoped. When this naval expedition was thus ended, then came, soon after Lammas, the formidable army of the enemy, called Thurkill's army, to Sandwich; and soon they bent their march to Canterbury; which city they would quickly have stormed, had they not rather desired peace; and all the men of East-Kent made peace with the army, and gave them 3,000 pounds for security. The army soon after that went about till they came to the Isle of Wight; and everywhere in Sussex, and in Hampshire, and also in Berkshire, they plundered and burned, as THEIR CUSTOM IS. (54) Then ordered the king (43) to summon out all the population, that men might hold firm against them on every side; but nevertheless they marched as they pleased. On one occasion the king (43) had begun his march before them, as they proceeded to their ships, and all the people were ready to fall upon them; but the plan was then frustrated through Alderman Edric, AS IT EVER IS STILL. Then after Martinmas they went back again to Kent, and chose their winter-quarters on the Thames; obtaining their provisions from Essex, and from the shires that were next, on both sides of the Thames. And oft they fought against the city of London; but glory be to God, that it yet standeth firm: and they ever there met with ill fare. Then after midwinter took they an excursion up through Chiltern, (55) and so to Oxford; which city they burned, and plundered on both sides of the Thames to their ships. Being fore-warned that there was an army gathered against them at London, they went over at Staines; and thus were they in motion all the winter, and in spring, appeared again in Kent, and repaired their ships.
54. These expressions in the present tense afford a strong proof that the original records of these transactions are nearly coeval with the transactions themselves. Later MSS. use the past tense.
55. i.e. the Chiltern Hills; from which the south-eastern part of Oxfordshire is called the Chiltern district.

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Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1013. The year after that Archbishop Elfeah (60) was martyred, the king (47) appointed Lifing to the archiepiscopal see of Canterbury. And in the same year, before the month August, came King Sweyne (53) with his fleet to Sandwich; and very soon went about East-Anglia into the Humber-mouth, and so upward along the Trent, until he came to Gainsborough. Then soon submitted to him Earl Utred, and all the Northumbrians, and all the people of Lindsey, and afterwards the people of the Five Boroughs, and soon after all the army to the north of Watling-street; and hostages were given him from each shire. When he understood that all the people were subject to him, then ordered he that his army should have provision and horses; and he then went southward with his main army, committing his ships and the hostages to his son Knute (18). And after he came over Watling-street, they wrought the greatest mischief that any army could do. Then he went to Oxford; and the population soon submitted, and gave hostages; thence to Winchester, where they did the same. Thence went they eastward to London; and many of the party sunk in the Thames, because they kept not to any bridge. When he came to the city, the population would not submit; but held their ground in full fight against him, because therein was King Ethelred (47), and Thurkill with him. Then went King Sweyne (53) thence to Wallingford; and so over Thames westward to Bath, where he abode with his army. Thither came Alderman Ethelmar, and all the western thanes with him, and all submitted to Sweyne (53), and gave hostages. When he had thus settled all, then went he northward to his ships; and all the population fully received him, and considered him full king. The population of London also after this submitted to him, and gave hostages; because they dreaded that he would undo them. Then bade Sweyne (53) full tribute and forage for his army during the winter; and Thurkill bade the same for the army that lay at Greenwich: besides this, they plundered as oft as they would. And when this nation could neither resist in the south nor in the north, King Ethelred (47) abode some while with the fleet that lay in the Thames; and the lady (28) (57) went afterwards over sea to her brother Richard (49), accompanied by Elfsy, Abbot of Peterborough. The king sent Bishop Elfun with the ethelings, Edward (10) and Alfred (8), over sea; that he might instruct them. Then went the king from the fleet, about midwinter, to the Isle of Wight; and there abode for the season; after which he went over sea to Richard (49), with whom he abode till the time when Sweyne (53) died. Whilst the lady (28) was with her brother (49) beyond sea, Elfsy, Abbot of Peterborough, who was there with her, went to the abbey called Boneval, where St. Florentine's body lay; and there found a miserable place, a miserable abbot, and miserable monks: because they had been plundered. There he bought of the abbot, and of the monks, the body of St. Florentine, all but the head, for 500 pounds; which, on his return home, he offered to Christ and St. Peter.
57. This was a title bestowed on the queen.

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Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1015. This year was the great council at Oxford; where Alderman Edric betrayed Sigferth and Morcar, the eldest thanes belonging to the Seven Towns. He allured them into his bower, where they were shamefully slain. Then the king took all their possessions, and ordered the widow of Sigferth to be secured, and brought within Malmsbury. After a little interval, Edmund Etheling (25) went and seized her, against the king's (49) will, and had her to wife. Then, before the Nativity of St. Mary, went the etheling west-north into the Five Towns, (58) and soon plundered all the property of Sigferth and Morcar; and all the people submitted to him. At the same time came King Knute (20) to Sandwich, and went soon all about Kent into Wessex, until he came to the mouth of the Frome; and then plundered in Dorset, and in Wiltshire, and in Somerset. King Ethelred (49), meanwhile, lay sick at Corsham; and Alderman Edric collected an army there, and Edmund the etheling (25) in the north. When they came together, the alderman designed to betray Edmund the etheling (25), but he could not; whereupon they separated without an engagement, and sheered off from their enemies. Alderman Edric then seduced forty ships from the king, and submitted to Knute (20). The West-Saxons also submitted, and gave hostages, and horsed the army. And he continued there until midwinter.
58. The "seven" towns mentioned above are reduced here to "five"; probably because two had already submitted to the king on the death of the two thanes, Sigferth and Morcar. These five were, as originally, Leicester, Lincoln, Stamford, Nottingham, and Derby. Vid. an. 942, 1013.

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Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1040. This year died King Harold (24) at Oxford, on the sixteenth before the calends of April; and he was buried at Westminster. He governed England four years and sixteen weeks; and in his days tribute was paid to sixteen ships, at the rate of eight marks for each steersman, as was done before in King Knute's days. The same year they sent after Hardacnute (22) to Bruges, supposing they did well; and he came hither to Sandwich with sixty ships, seven nights before midsummer. He was soon received both by the Angles and Danes, though his advisers afterwards severely paid for it. They ordered a tribute for sixty-two ships, at the rate of eight marks for each steersman. Then were alienated from him all that before desired him; for he framed nothing royal during his whole reign. He ordered the dead Harold (24) to be dragged up and thrown into a ditch. This year rose the sester of wheat to fifty-five pence, and even further. This year Archbishop Edsy went to Rome.

On 17 Mar 1040 Harold "Harefoot" King England 1016-1040 (24) died at Oxford. His brother Harthacnut Knytlinga King England 1018-1042 (22) succeeded King England.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle King Stephen 1137. 1137. This year went the King Stephen (43) over sea to Normandy, and there was received; for that they concluded that he should be all such as the uncle was; and because he had got his treasure: but he dealed it out, and scattered it foolishly. Much had King Henry (69) gathered, gold and silver, but no good did men for his soul thereof. When the King Stephen (43) came to England, he held his council at Oxford; where he seized the Bishop Roger of Sarum, and Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln, and the chancellor Roger, his nephew; and threw all into prison till they gave up their castles. When the traitors understood that he was a mild man, and soft, and good, and no justice executed, then did they all wonder. They had done him homage, and sworn oaths, but they no truth maintained. They were all forsworn, and forgetful of their troth; for every rich man built his castles, which they held against him: and they filled the land full of castles. They cruelly oppressed the wretched men of the land with castle-works; and when the castles were made, they filled them with devils and evil men. Then took they those whom they supposed to have any goods, both by night and by day, labouring men and women, and threw them into prison for their gold and silver, and inflicted on them unutterable tortures; for never were any martyrs so tortured as they were. Some they hanged up by the feet, and smoked them with foul smoke; and some by the thumbs, or by the head, and hung coats of mail on their feet. They tied knotted strings about their heads, and twisted them till the pain went to the brains. They put them into dungeons, wherein were adders, and snakes, and toads; and so destroyed them. Some they placed in a crucet-house; that is, in a chest that was short and narrow, and not deep; wherein they put sharp stones, and so thrust the man therein, that they broke all the limbs. In many of the castles were things loathsome and grim, called "Sachenteges", of which two or three men had enough to bear one. It was thus made: that is, fastened to a beam; and they placed a sharp iron [collar] about the man's throat and neck, so that he could in no direction either sit, or lie, or sleep, but bear all that iron. Many thousands they wore out with hunger. I neither can, nor may I tell all the wounds and all the pains which they inflicted on wretched men in this land. This lasted the nineteen winters while Stephen (43) was king; and it grew continually worse and worse. They constantly laid guilds on the towns, and called it "tenserie"; and when the wretched men had no more to give, then they plundered and burned all the towns; that well thou mightest go a whole day's journey and never shouldest thou find a man sitting in a town, nor the land tilled. Then was corn dear, and flesh, and cheese, and butter; for none was there in the land. Wretched men starved of hunger. Some had recourse to alms, who were for a while rich men, and some fled out of the land. Never yet was there more wretchedness in the land; nor ever did heathen men worse than they did: for, after a time, they spared neither church nor churchyard, but took all the goods that were therein, and then burned the church and all together. Neither did they spare a bishop's land, or an abbot's, or a priest's, but plundered both monks and clerks; and every man robbed another who could. If two men, or three, came riding to a town, all the township fled for them, concluding them to be robbers. The bishops and learned men cursed them continually, but the effect thereof was nothing to them; for they were all accursed, and forsworn, and abandoned. To till the ground was to plough the sea: the earth bare no corn, for the land was all laid waste by such deeds; and they said openly, that Christ slept, and his saints. Such things, and more than we can say, suffered we nineteen winters for our sins. In all this evil time held Abbot Martin his abbacy twenty years and a half, and eight days, with much tribulation; and found the monks and the guests everything that behoved them; and held much charity in the house; and, notwithstanding all this, wrought on the church, and set thereto lands and rents, and enriched it very much, and bestowed vestments upon it. And he brought them into the new minster on St. Peter's mass-day with much pomp; which was in the year, from the incarnation of our Lord, 1140, and in the twenty-third from the destruction of the place by fire. And he went to Rome, and there was well received by the Pope Eugenius; from whom he obtained their privileges:—one for all the lands of the abbey, and another for the lands that adjoin to the churchyard; and, if he might have lived longer, so he meant to do concerning the treasury. And he got in the lands that rich men retained by main strength. Of William Malduit, who held the castle of Rockingham, he won Cotingham and Easton; and of Hugh de Walteville, he won Hirtlingbury and Stanwick, and sixty shillings from Oldwinkle each year. And he made many monks, and planted a vine-yard, and constructed many works, and made the town better than it was before. He was a good monk, and a good man; and for this reason God and good men loved him. Now we will relate in part what happened in King Stephen's (43) time. In his reign the Jews of Norwich bought a Christian child before Easter, and tortured him after the same manner as our Lord was tortured; and on Long-Friday (164) hanged him on a rood, in mockery of our Lord, and afterwards buried him. They supposed that it would be concealed, but our Lord showed that he was a holy martyr. And the monks took him, and buried him with high honour in the minster. And through our Lord he worketh wonderful and manifold miracles, and is called St. William.
Now called "Good-Friday".

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Around 1232 Lora Vere 1232-1292 was born to Hugh Vere 4th Earl Oxford 1208-1263 (24) and Hawise Quincy Countess Oxford at Oxford.

Around 1234 Margaret Vere 1234- was born to Hugh Vere 4th Earl Oxford 1208-1263 (26) and Hawise Quincy Countess Oxford at Oxford.

On 26 Jun 1294 Phillip Burnell 1264-1294 (29) died at Oxford.

Execution of Piers Gaveston

On 19 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) was taken to Blacklow Hill Leek Wooton where he was beheaded. Blacklow Hill Leek Wooton being outside of the Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315's lands. Gaveston's body was left where it lay eventually being recovered by Dominican friars who took it to Oxford.

St Scholastica Day Riot

On 10 Feb 1355, St Scholatica's Day, the St Scholastica Day Riot took place in Oxford. What started as a disagreement between students and the landlord over the quality of the wine at the Swindlestock Tavern Carfax Oxford grew into a three day riot in which around thirty townspeople and sixty students were killed.

Around 1400 Robert Babington 1400-1464 was born to Arnold Babington 1363-1455 (37) at Oxford.

Epiphany Rising

On 12 Jan 1400 Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (48) was hanged at Oxford by Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (45).

1555 Execution of Bishops

On 16 Oct 1555 Hugh Latimer Bishop of Worcester 1487-1555 (68) and Nicholas Ridley Bishop Martyr 1500-1555 (55) were burned at the stake at Oxford. Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (66) was forced to watch.

1533 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556.In 1544 Gerlach Flicke Painter 1520-1558. Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556.

Execution of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer

On 21 Mar 1556 Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (66) was burned at the stake at Oxford.

On 04 Oct 1643 Edward Ford 1605-1670 (38) was knighted by Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) at Oxford.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

On 16 Apr 1644 Henry Wood 1st Baronet 1597-1671 (47) was knighted at Oxford.

On 04 Jun 1645 Frances Coke Viscountess Purbeck 1602-1645 (42) died at Oxford. She was buried at the Church of St Mary the Virgin.

In 1623 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt Painter 1566-1641. Portrait of Frances Coke Viscountess Purbeck 1602-1645.

On 27 Aug 1645 Edward Littleton 1st Baron Lyttelton 1589-1645 (56) died at Oxford without male issue. Baron Lyttelton of Munslow in Shropshire extinct.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 11 August 1663. 11 Aug 1663. Up and to my office, whither, by and by, my brother Tom (29) came, and I did soundly rattle him for his neglecting to see and please the Joyces as he has of late done. I confess I do fear that he do not understand his business, nor will do any good in his trade, though he tells me that he do please every body and that he gets money, but I shall not believe it till I see a state of his accounts, which I have ordered him to bring me before he sees me any more. We met and sat at the office all the morning, and at noon I to the 'Change, where I met James Pearce Surgeon, who tells me that the King (33) comes to towne this day, from Tunbridge, to stay a day or two, and then fetch the Queen (24) from thence, who he says is grown a very debonnaire lady, and now hugs him, and meets him gallopping upon the road, and all the actions of a fond and pleasant lady that can be, that he believes has a chat now and then of Mrs. Stewart (16), but that there is no great danger of her, she being only an innocent, young, raw girl; but my Baroness Castlemaine's (22), who rules the King (33) in matters of state, and do what she list with him, he believes is now falling quite out of favour.
After the Queen (24) is come back she goes to the Bath; and so to Oxford, where great entertainments are making for her.
This day I am told that my Lord Bristoll (50) hath warrants issued out against him, to have carried him to the Tower; but he is fled away, or hid himself. So much the Chancellor (54) hath got the better of him.
Upon the 'Change my brother, and Will bring me word that Madam Turner (40) would come and dine with me to-day, so I hasted home and found her and Mrs. Morrice there (The. Joyce being gone into the country), which is the reason of the mother rambling. I got a dinner for them, and after dinner my uncle Thomas (68) and aunt Bell came and saw me, and I made them almost foxed with wine till they were very kind (but I did not carry them up to my ladies).
So they went away, and so my two ladies and I in Mrs. Turner's (40) coach to Mr. Povy's (49), who being not within, we went in and there shewed Mrs. Turner (40) his perspective and volary1, and the fine things that he is building of now, which is a most neat thing.
Thence to the Temple and by water to Westminster; and there Morrice and I went to Sir R. Long's (63) to have fetched a niece of his, but she was not within, and so we went to boat again and then down to the bridge, and there tried to find a sister of Mrs. Morrice's, but she was not within neither, and so we went through bridge, and I carried them on board the King's pleasure-boat, all the way reading in a book of Receipts of making fine meats and sweetmeats, among others to make my own sweet water, which made us good sport.
So I landed them at Greenwich, and there to a garden, and gave them fruit and wine, and so to boat again, and finally, in the cool of the evening, to Lyon Kee2, the tide against us, and so landed and walked to the Bridge, and there took a coach by chance passing by, and so I saw them home, and there eat some cold venison with them, and drunk and bade them good night, having been mighty merry with them, and I think it is not amiss to preserve, though it cost me a little, such a friend as Mrs. Turner (40).
So home and to bed, my head running upon what to do to-morrow to fit things against my wife's coming, as to buy a bedstead, because my brother John (22) is here, and I have now no more beds than are used.
Note 1. A large birdcage, in which the birds can fly about; French 'voliere'. Ben Jonson uses the word volary.
Note 2. Lion Key, Lower Thames Street, where the famous Duchess of Suffolk in the time of Bishop Gardiner's persecution took boat for the continent. James, Duke of York (29), also left the country from this same place on the night of April 20th, 1648, when he escaped from St. James's Palace.

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Diary of Samuel Pepys 22 September 1663. 22 Sep 1663. I up, well refreshed after my journey, and to my office and there set some things in order, and then Sir W. Pen (42) and I met and held an office, and at noon to dinner, and so by water with my wife to Westminster, she to see her father and mother, and we met again at my Lord's lodgings, and thence by water home again, where at the door we met Sir W. Pen (42) and his daughter coming to visit us, and after their visit I to my office, and after some discourse to my great satisfaction with Sir W. Warren about our bargain of masts, I wrote my letters by the post, and so home to supper and to bed. This day my wife showed me bills printed, wherein her father, with Sir John Collidon and Edward Ford (58), have got a patent for curing of smoky chimneys1. I wish they may do good thereof, but fear it will prove but a poor project.
This day the King (33) and Queen (24) are to come to Oxford. I hear my Baroness Castlemaine (22) is for certain gone to Oxford to meet him, having lain within here at home this week or two, supposed to have miscarried; but for certain is as great in favour as heretofore;2 at least Mrs. Sarah at my Lord's, who hears all from their own family, do say so.
Every day brings newes of the Turke's advance into Germany, to the awakeing of all the Christian Princes thereabouts, and possessing himself of Hungary.
My present care is fitting my wife's closett and my house, and making her a velvet coate, and me a new black cloth suit, and coate and cloake, and evening my reckoning as well as I can against Michaelmas Day, hoping for all that to have my balance as great or greater than ever I had yet.
Note 1. The Patent numbered 138 is printed in the appendix to Wheatley's "Samuel Pepys and the World he lived in" (p. 241). It is drawn in favour of John Colladon, Doctor in Physicke, and of Alexander Marchant, of St. Michall, and describes "a way to prevent and cure the smoakeing of Chimneys, either by stopping the tunnell towards the top, and altering the former course of the smoake, or by setting tunnells with checke within the chimneyes". Edward Ford's (58) name does not appear in the patent.
Note 2. According to Collins, Henry Fitzroy, Baroness Castlemaine's (22) second son by Charles II, was born on September 20th, 1663. He was the first Duke of Grafton. B.

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John Evelyn's Diary 27 November 1665. 27 Nov 1665. The Duke of Albemarle (56) was going to Oxford, where both Court and Parliament had been most part of the summer. There was no small suspicion of my Lord Sandwich (40) having permitted divers commanders, who were at the taking of the East India prizes, to break bulk, and to take to themselves jewels, silks, etc.: though I believe some whom I could name filled their pockets, my Lord Sandwich (40) himself had the least share. However, he underwent the blame, and it created him enemies, and prepossessed the Lord General (56), for he spoke to me of it with much zeal and concern, and I believe laid load enough on Lord Sandwich (40) at Oxford.

In 1666 Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport 1597-1666 (69) died at Oxford. His son Mountjoy Blount 2nd Earl Newport -1675 succeeded 2nd Earl Newport in the Isle of Wight.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport 1597-1666.Around 1640 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport 1597-1666.

John Evelyn's Diary 29 January 1666. 29 Jan 1666. I went to wait on his Majesty (35), now returned from Oxford to Hampton-Court, where the Duke of Albemarle (57) presented me to him; he ran toward me, and in a most gracious manner gave me his hand to kiss, with many thanks for my care and faithfulness in his service in a time of such great danger, when everybody fled their employments; he told me he was much obliged to me, and said he was several times concerned for me, and the peril I underwent, and did receive my service most acceptably (though in truth I did but do my duty, and O that I had performed it as I ought!). After this, his Majesty (35) was pleased to talk with me alone, near an hour, of several particulars of my employment, and ordered me to attend him again on the Thursday following at Whitehall. Then the Duke (57) came toward me, and embraced me with much kindness, telling me if he had thought my danger would have been so great, he would not have suffered his Majesty (35) to employ me in that station. Then came to salute me my Lord of St. Albans (60), Lord Arlington (48), Sir William Coventry (38), and several great persons; after which, I got home, not being very well in health.
The Court was now in deep mourning for the French Queen-Mother (64).

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John Evelyn's Diary 08 July 1669. 08 Jul 1669. Oxford.

On 02 Mar 1675 Justinian Isham 2nd Baronet Isham 1610-1675 (65) died of smallpox at Oxford. He was buried at Church of All Saints Lamport. His son Thomas Isham 3rd Baronet Isham 1657-1681 (17) succeeded 3rd Baronet Isham of Lamport in Northamptonshire.

Oxford Parliament 5C2

On 21 Mar 1681 Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 (48) was elected MP Chippenham at Oxford during the Oxford Parliament 5C2.

Glorious Revolution

John Evelyn's Diary 02 December 1688. 02 Dec 1688. Dr. Tenison (52) preached at St. Martin's on Psalm xxxvi. 5, 6, 7, concerning Providence. I received the blessed Sacrament. Afterward, visited my Lord Godolphin (43), then going with the Marquis of Halifax (55) and Earl of Nottingham (41) as Commissioners to the Prince of Orange (38); he told me they had little power. Plymouth declared for the Prince (38). Bath, York, Hull, Bristol, and all the eminent nobility and persons of quality through England, declare for the Protestant religion and laws, and go to meet the Prince (38), who every day sets forth new Declarations against the Papists. The great favorites at Court, Priests and Jesuits, fly or abscond. Everything, till now concealed, flies abroad in public print, and is cried about the streets. Expectation of the Prince (38) coming to Oxford. The Prince of Wales and great treasure sent privily to Portsmouth, the Earl of Dover (52) being Governor. Address from the Fleet not grateful to his Majesty (55). The Papists in offices lay down their commissions, and fly. Universal consternation among them; it looks like a revolution.

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John Evelyn's Diary 07 December 1688. 07 Dec 1688. My son went toward Oxford. I returned home.

John Evelyn's Diary 29 September 1695. 29 Sep 1695. Very cold weather. Sir Purbeck Temple (71), uncle to my son Draper, died suddenly. A great funeral at Addiscombe. His lady being own aunt to my son Draper, he hopes for a good fortune, there being no heir. There had been a new meeting of the commissioners about Greenwich Hospital, on the new commission, where the Lord Mayor, etc. appeared, but I was prevented by indisposition from attending. The weather very sharp, winter approaching apace. The King (44) went a progress into the north, to show himself to the people against the elections, and was everywhere complimented, except at Oxford, where it was not as he expected, so that he hardly stopped an hour there, and having seen the theater, did not receive the banquet proposed. I dined with Dr. Gale (60) at St. Paul's school, who showed me many curious passages out of some ancient Platonists' MSS. concerning the Trinity, which this great and learned person would publish, with many other rare things, if he was encouraged, and eased of the burden of teaching.

In 1743 Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759 (50) was appointed High Steward of Oxford for life.

In 1745 Adrien Carpentiers Painter 1713-1778. Portrait of Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759.

On 08 Aug 1908 John Strange "Jack" Spencer-Churchill 1880-1947 (28) and Gwendoline Theresa Mary "Goonie" Bertie -1941 were married at Oxford.

On 11 Nov 1931 Archie Primrose 1910-1931 (21) died of blood poisoning at Oxford.

On 22 Oct 1941 Ann Fitzgerald Mackay Lady Simpson 1857-1941 (84) died at Oxford.

1892. Valentine Cameron Prinsep Painter 1838-1904. Portrait of Ann Fitzgerald Mackay Lady Simpson 1857-1941 wife of Walter Grindlay Simpson 2nd Baronet 1843-1898. The painting was donated to Glasgow Museums in 1953 by her daughter Ethel Lucy Florence McKay Simpson 1875-1955.

The River Cherwell is a tributary of the River Thames which it joins south-west of Oxford. It rises at Hellidon in Northamptonshire and travels broadly south passing through, or near, Charwelton, which gives the river its name, and Banbury.

Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Oxfordshire

John Evelyn's Diary 17 September 1657. 17 Sep 1657. To see Sir Robert Needham, at Lambeth, a relation of mine; and thence to John Tradescant's museum, in which the chiefest rarities were, in my opinion, the ancient Roman, Indian, and other nations' armor, shields, and weapons; some habits of curiously-colored and wrought feathers, one from the phœnix wing, as tradition goes. Other innumerable things there were printed in his catalogue by Mr. Ashmole (40), to whom after the death of the widow they are bequeathed, and by him designed as a gift to Oxford.

John Evelyn's Diary 03 July 1658. 03 Jul 1658. To London, and dined with Mr. Henshaw (40), Mr. Dorell, and Mr. Ashmole (41), founder of the Oxford repository of rarities, with divers doctors of physic and virtuosos.

Beaumont Palace Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 08 Sep 1157 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine (35) at Beaumont Palace Oxford.

Carfax Oxford, Oxfordshire

Swindlestock Tavern Carfax Oxford, Oxfordshire

St Scholastica Day Riot

On 10 Feb 1355, St Scholatica's Day, the St Scholastica Day Riot took place in Oxford. What started as a disagreement between students and the landlord over the quality of the wine at the Swindlestock Tavern Carfax Oxford grew into a three day riot in which around thirty townspeople and sixty students were killed.

Christ Church Cathedral

Church of St Mary the Virgin, Oxford, Oxfordshire

John Evelyn's Diary 10 May 1637. 10 May 1637. I was admitted a Fellow-commoner of Baliol College, Oxford; and, on the 29th, I was matriculated in the vestry of St. Mary's, where I subscribed the Articles, and took the oaths: Dr. Baily, head of St. John's, being vice-chancellor, afterward bishop. It appears by a letter of my father's (50), that he was upon treaty with one Mr. Bathurst (17) (afterward Doctor and President), of Trinity College, who should have been my tutor; but, lest my brother's tutor, Dr. Hobbs, more zealous in his life than industrious to his pupils, should receive it as an affront, and especially for that Fellow-commoners in Baliol were no more exempt from exercise than the meanest scholars there, my father (50) sent me thither to one Mr. George Bradshaw (nomen invisum! yet the son of an excellent father, beneficed in Surrey). I ever thought my tutor had parts enough; but as his ambition made him much suspected of the College, so his grudge to Dr. Lawrence, the governor of it (whom he afterward supplanted), took up so much of his time, that he seldom or never had the opportunity to discharge his duty to his scholars. This I perceiving, associated myself with one Mr. James Thicknesse (then a young man of the foundation, afterward a Fellow of the house), by whose learned and friendly conversation I received great advantage. At my first arrival, Dr. Parkhurst was master: and after his decease, Dr. Lawrence, a chaplain of his Majesty's and Margaret Professor, succeeded, an acute and learned person; nor do I much reproach his severity, considering that the extraordinary remissness of discipline had (till his coming) much detracted from the reputation of that College.
There came in my time to the College one Nathaniel Conopios, out of Greece, from Cyrill, the patriarch of Constantinople, who, returning many years after, was made (as I understand) Bishop of Smyrna. He was the first I ever saw drink coffee; which custom came not into England till thirty years after.
After I was somewhat settled there in my formalities (for then was the University exceedingly regular, under the exact discipline of William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, then Chancellor), I added, as benefactor to the library of the College, these books—"ex dono Johannis Evelyni, hujus Coll. Socio-Commensalis, filii Richardi Evelyni, è com. Surriæ, armigr".—.
"Zanchii Opera", vols. 1, 2, 3.
"Granado in Thomam Aquinatem", vols. 1, 2, 3.
"Novarini Electa Sacra" and "Cresolii Anthologia Sacra"; authors, it seems, much desired by the students of divinity there.

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John Evelyn's Diary 14 December 1639. 14 Dec 1639. According to injunctions from the Heads of Colleges, I went (among the rest) to the Confirmation at St. Mary's, where, after sermon, the Bishop of Oxford (65) laid his hands upon us, with the usual form of benediction prescribed: but this received (I fear) for the more part out of curiosity, rather than with that due preparation and advice which had been requisite, could not be so effectual as otherwise that admirable and useful institution might have been, and as I have since deplored it.

On 04 Jun 1645 Frances Coke Viscountess Purbeck 1602-1645 (42) died at Oxford. She was buried at the Church of St Mary the Virgin.

John Evelyn's Diary 11 July 1669. 11 Jul 1669. The Act sermon was this forenoon preached by Dr. Hall, in St. Mary's, in an honest, practical discourse against atheism. In the afternoon, the church was so crowded, that, not coming early, I could not approach to hear.

Convocation House, Oxford, Oxfordshire

John Evelyn's Diary 15 July 1669. 15 Jul 1669. Having two days before had notice that the University intended me the honor of Doctorship, I was this morning attended by the beadles belonging to the Law, who conducted me to the Theater, where I found the Duke of Ormond (58) (now Chancellor of the University) with the Earl of Chesterfield (35) and Mr. Spencer (40) (brother to the late Earl of Sunderland). Thence, we marched to the Convocation House, a convocation having been called on purpose; here, being all of us robed in the porch, in scarlet with caps and hoods, we were led in by the Professor of Laws, and presented respectively by name, with a short eulogy, to the Vice-Chancellor, who sat in the chair, with all the Doctors and Heads of Houses and masters about the room, which was exceedingly full. Then, began the Public Orator his speech, directed chiefly to the Duke of Ormond, the Chancellor; but in which I had my compliment, in course. This ended, we were called up, and created Doctors according to the form, and seated by the Vice-Chancellor among the Doctors, on his right hand; then, the Vice-Chancellor made a short speech, and so, saluting our brother Doctors, the pageantry concluded, and the convocation was dissolved. So formal a creation of honorary Doctors had seldom been seen, that a convocation should be called on purpose, and speeches made by the Orator; but they could do no less, their Chancellor being to receive, or rather do them, this honor. I should have been made Doctor with the rest at the public Act, but their expectation of their Chancellor made them defer it. I was then led with my brother Doctors to an extraordinary entertainment at Doctor Mewes's, head of St John's College, and, after abundance of feasting and compliments, having visited the Vice-Chancellor and other Doctors, and given them thanks for the honor done me, I went toward home the 16th, and got as far as Windsor, and so to my house the next day.

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Cornmarket Street, Oxford, Oxfordshire

St Michael at the Northgate Church, Cornmarket Street, Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 26 Apr 1859 William Morris Author 1834-1896 (25) and Jane Morris nee Burden Model 1839-1914 (19) were married at St Michael at the Northgate Church.

Around 25 Dec 1860. Dante Gabriel Rossetti Painter 1828-1882. Portrait of Mrs William Morris aka Jane Morris nee Burden Model 1839-1914. Signed top-left Upton (ie the Red House) Xmas 1860.

Cumnor Oxford, Oxfordshire

Death of Amy Robsart wife of Robert Dudley

On 08 Sep 1560, the day of the Abingdon Fair, Amy Robsart 1532-1560 (28) died from falling down stairs at Cumnor Place Abingdon. She was married to Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 (28), favourite of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (27), who was with Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (27) at Windsor Castle at the time. Foul play was suspected but not proven. The event was regarded as suspicious by many. The Queen's reputation being tarnished she could not risk a marriage with Dudley.
The inquest into her death concluded ...
Inquisition as indenture held at Cumnor in the aforesaid county [Oxfordshire] on 9 September in the second year of the reign of the most dread Lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France, and Ireland, defend of the faith, etc., before John Pudsey, gent, a coroner of the said lady queen in the aforesaid county, on inspection of the body of Lady Amy Dudley, late wife of Robert Dudley, knight of the most noble order of the garter, there lying dead: by oath of Richard Smith, gent., Humphrey Lewis, gent., Thomas Moulder, gent., Richard Knight, Thomas Spyre, Edward Stevenson, John Stevenson, Richard Hughes, William Cantrell, William Noble, John Buck, John Keene, Henry Lanlgey, Stephen Ruffyn, and John Sire: which certain jurors, sworn to tell the truth at our request, were adjourned from the aforesaid ninth day onwards day by day very often; and finally various several days were given to them by the selfsame coroner to appear both before the justices of the aforesaid lady queen at the assizes assigned to be held in the aforesaid county and before the same coroner in order there to return their verdict truthfully and speedily, until 1 August in the third year of the reign of the said lady queen; on which day the same jurors say under oath that the aforesaid Lady Amy on 8 September in the aforesaid second year of the reign of the said lady queen, being alone in a certain chamber within the home of a certain Anthony Forster, esq., in the aforesaid Cumnor, and intending to descend the aforesaid chamber by way of certain steps (in English called 'steyres') of the aforesaid chamber there and then accidentally fell precipitously down the aforesaid steps to the very bottom of the same steps, through which the same Lady Amy there and then sustained not only two injuries to her head (in English called 'dyntes') – one of which was a quarter of an inch deep and the other two inches deep – but truly also, by reason of the accidental injury or of that fall and of Lady Amy's own body weight falling down the aforesaid stairs, the same Lady Amy there and then broke her own neck, on account of which certain fracture of the neck the same Lady Amy there and then died instantly; and the aforesaid Lady Amy was found there and then without any other mark or wound on her body; and thus the jurors say on their oath that the aforesaid Lady Amy in the manner and form aforesaid by misfortune came to her death and not otherwise, as they are able to agree at present; in testimony of which fact for this inquest both the aforesaid coroner and also the aforesaid jurors have in turn affixed their seals on the day.

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On 08 Sep 1560, the day of the Abingdon Fair, Amy Robsart 1532-1560 died from falling down stairs at Cumnor Place Abingdon. She was married to Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588, favourite of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland, who was with Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland at Windsor Castle at the time. Foul play was suspected but not proven. The event was regarded as suspicious by many. The Queen's reputation being tarnished she could not risk a marriage with Dudley.<BR>The inquest into her death concluded ...<BR>Inquisition as indenture held at Cumnor in the aforesaid county [Oxfordshire] on 9 September in the second year of the reign of the most dread Lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France, and Ireland, defend of the faith, etc., before John Pudsey, gent, a coroner of the said lady queen in the aforesaid county, on inspection of the body of Lady Amy Dudley, late wife of Robert Dudley, knight of the most noble order of the garter, there lying dead: by oath of Richard Smith, gent., Humphrey Lewis, gent., Thomas Moulder, gent., Richard Knight, Thomas Spyre, Edward Stevenson, John Stevenson, Richard Hughes, William Cantrell, William Noble, John Buck, John Keene, Henry Lanlgey, Stephen Ruffyn, and John Sire: which certain jurors, sworn to tell the truth at our request, were adjourned from the aforesaid ninth day onwards day by day very often; and finally various several days were given to them by the selfsame coroner to appear both before the justices of the aforesaid lady queen at the assizes assigned to be held in the aforesaid county and before the same coroner in order there to return their verdict truthfully and speedily, until 1 August in the third year of the reign of the said lady queen; on which day the same jurors say under oath that the aforesaid Lady Amy on 8 September in the aforesaid second year of the reign of the said lady queen, being alone in a certain chamber within the home of a certain Anthony Forster, esq., in the aforesaid Cumnor, and intending to descend the aforesaid chamber by way of certain steps (in English called 'steyres') of the aforesaid chamber there and then accidentally fell precipitously down the aforesaid steps to the very bottom of the same steps, through which the same Lady Amy there and then sustained not only two injuries to her head (in English called 'dyntes') – one of which was a quarter of an inch deep and the other two inches deep – but truly also, by reason of the accidental injury or of that fall and of Lady Amy's own body weight falling down the aforesaid stairs, the same Lady Amy there and then broke her own neck, on account of which certain fracture of the neck the same Lady Amy there and then died instantly; and the aforesaid Lady Amy was found there and then without any other mark or wound on her body; and thus the jurors say on their oath that the aforesaid Lady Amy in the manner and form aforesaid by misfortune came to her death and not otherwise, as they are able to agree at present; in testimony of which fact for this inquest both the aforesaid coroner and also the aforesaid jurors have in turn affixed their seals on the day.

Chawley Cumnor Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 11 Apr 1646 Edward Sackville -1646 was murdered by Parliamentary forces at Chawley Cumnor Oxford.

Cumnor Place Abingdon, Cumnor Oxford, Oxfordshire

Death of Amy Robsart wife of Robert Dudley

On 08 Sep 1560, the day of the Abingdon Fair, Amy Robsart 1532-1560 (28) died from falling down stairs at Cumnor Place Abingdon. She was married to Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 (28), favourite of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (27), who was with Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (27) at Windsor Castle at the time. Foul play was suspected but not proven. The event was regarded as suspicious by many. The Queen's reputation being tarnished she could not risk a marriage with Dudley.
The inquest into her death concluded ...
Inquisition as indenture held at Cumnor in the aforesaid county [Oxfordshire] on 9 September in the second year of the reign of the most dread Lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France, and Ireland, defend of the faith, etc., before John Pudsey, gent, a coroner of the said lady queen in the aforesaid county, on inspection of the body of Lady Amy Dudley, late wife of Robert Dudley, knight of the most noble order of the garter, there lying dead: by oath of Richard Smith, gent., Humphrey Lewis, gent., Thomas Moulder, gent., Richard Knight, Thomas Spyre, Edward Stevenson, John Stevenson, Richard Hughes, William Cantrell, William Noble, John Buck, John Keene, Henry Lanlgey, Stephen Ruffyn, and John Sire: which certain jurors, sworn to tell the truth at our request, were adjourned from the aforesaid ninth day onwards day by day very often; and finally various several days were given to them by the selfsame coroner to appear both before the justices of the aforesaid lady queen at the assizes assigned to be held in the aforesaid county and before the same coroner in order there to return their verdict truthfully and speedily, until 1 August in the third year of the reign of the said lady queen; on which day the same jurors say under oath that the aforesaid Lady Amy on 8 September in the aforesaid second year of the reign of the said lady queen, being alone in a certain chamber within the home of a certain Anthony Forster, esq., in the aforesaid Cumnor, and intending to descend the aforesaid chamber by way of certain steps (in English called 'steyres') of the aforesaid chamber there and then accidentally fell precipitously down the aforesaid steps to the very bottom of the same steps, through which the same Lady Amy there and then sustained not only two injuries to her head (in English called 'dyntes') – one of which was a quarter of an inch deep and the other two inches deep – but truly also, by reason of the accidental injury or of that fall and of Lady Amy's own body weight falling down the aforesaid stairs, the same Lady Amy there and then broke her own neck, on account of which certain fracture of the neck the same Lady Amy there and then died instantly; and the aforesaid Lady Amy was found there and then without any other mark or wound on her body; and thus the jurors say on their oath that the aforesaid Lady Amy in the manner and form aforesaid by misfortune came to her death and not otherwise, as they are able to agree at present; in testimony of which fact for this inquest both the aforesaid coroner and also the aforesaid jurors have in turn affixed their seals on the day.

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On 08 Sep 1560, the day of the Abingdon Fair, Amy Robsart 1532-1560 died from falling down stairs at Cumnor Place Abingdon. She was married to Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588, favourite of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland, who was with Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland at Windsor Castle at the time. Foul play was suspected but not proven. The event was regarded as suspicious by many. The Queen's reputation being tarnished she could not risk a marriage with Dudley.<BR>The inquest into her death concluded ...<BR>Inquisition as indenture held at Cumnor in the aforesaid county [Oxfordshire] on 9 September in the second year of the reign of the most dread Lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France, and Ireland, defend of the faith, etc., before John Pudsey, gent, a coroner of the said lady queen in the aforesaid county, on inspection of the body of Lady Amy Dudley, late wife of Robert Dudley, knight of the most noble order of the garter, there lying dead: by oath of Richard Smith, gent., Humphrey Lewis, gent., Thomas Moulder, gent., Richard Knight, Thomas Spyre, Edward Stevenson, John Stevenson, Richard Hughes, William Cantrell, William Noble, John Buck, John Keene, Henry Lanlgey, Stephen Ruffyn, and John Sire: which certain jurors, sworn to tell the truth at our request, were adjourned from the aforesaid ninth day onwards day by day very often; and finally various several days were given to them by the selfsame coroner to appear both before the justices of the aforesaid lady queen at the assizes assigned to be held in the aforesaid county and before the same coroner in order there to return their verdict truthfully and speedily, until 1 August in the third year of the reign of the said lady queen; on which day the same jurors say under oath that the aforesaid Lady Amy on 8 September in the aforesaid second year of the reign of the said lady queen, being alone in a certain chamber within the home of a certain Anthony Forster, esq., in the aforesaid Cumnor, and intending to descend the aforesaid chamber by way of certain steps (in English called 'steyres') of the aforesaid chamber there and then accidentally fell precipitously down the aforesaid steps to the very bottom of the same steps, through which the same Lady Amy there and then sustained not only two injuries to her head (in English called 'dyntes') – one of which was a quarter of an inch deep and the other two inches deep – but truly also, by reason of the accidental injury or of that fall and of Lady Amy's own body weight falling down the aforesaid stairs, the same Lady Amy there and then broke her own neck, on account of which certain fracture of the neck the same Lady Amy there and then died instantly; and the aforesaid Lady Amy was found there and then without any other mark or wound on her body; and thus the jurors say on their oath that the aforesaid Lady Amy in the manner and form aforesaid by misfortune came to her death and not otherwise, as they are able to agree at present; in testimony of which fact for this inquest both the aforesaid coroner and also the aforesaid jurors have in turn affixed their seals on the day.

Greyfriars Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 13 Jun 1455 William Lovell 7th Baron Lovel 4th Baron Holand 1397-1455 (58) died at Minster Lovell. He was buried at Greyfriars Oxford. His son John Lovell 8th Baron Lovel 5th Baron Holand 1433-1463 (22) succeeded 8th Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh, 5th Baron Holand.

Holywell, Oxford, Oxfordshire

Holywell St Cross Church, Oxford, Oxfordshire

On or before 10 Feb 1864 Robert Burden Stableman 1810-1864 (54) died. He was buried on 10 Feb 1864 at Holywell St Cross Church.

Holywell Street, Oxford, Oxfordshire

St Helen's Passage, Holywell Street, Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 19 Oct 1839 Jane Morris nee Burden Model 1839-1914 was born to Robert Burden Stableman 1810-1864 (29) and Ann Maizey Domestic Servant 1806- (33) at St Helen's Passage.

King's Head Gardens, Holywell, Oxford, Oxfordshire

1 King's Head Gardens, Holywell, Oxford, Oxfordshire

In 1851 the Census records Robert Burden Stableman 1810-1864 (41), Groom, Ann Maizey Domestic Servant 1806- (45), William Burden 1837- (14), Jane Morris nee Burden Model 1839-1914 (11) and Elizabeth Burden 1842- (9) living at 1 King's Head Gardens.

John Radcliffe Hospital Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 11 Nov 2005 Thomas Patrick John Anson 5th Earl Lichfield 1939-2005 (66) died at John Radcliffe Hospital Oxford.

King's Weir Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 12 Feb 1892 Harold Lewis Henry Everard ffolkes -1892 was drowned whilst attempting to rescue a friend at King's Weir Oxford. Memorial in the Church of St Mary Hillington.

Oseney Abbey Oxford, Oxfordshire

In 1152 Edith Forne 1080-1152 (72) died at Oseney Abbey Oxford.

Oxford Castle, Oxfordshire

On 06 Apr 1752, Easter Monday, Mary Blandy 1720-1752 (32) was hanged outside Oxford Castle for having murdered her father Francis Blandy -1752 with arsenic.

Oxford University

Queen's Lane, Oxford, Oxfordshire

St Peter-in-the-East Church, Queen's Lane, Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 28 Dec 1840 Jane Morris nee Burden Model 1839-1914 (1) was baptised at St Peter-in-the-East Church.

Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 24 Jun 1991 James Fawcett 1913-1991 (78) died at Radcliffe Infirmary.

Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford, Oxfordshire

John Evelyn's Diary 09 July 1669. 09 Jul 1669. In the morning was celebrated the Encænia of the New Theater, so magnificently built by the munificence of Dr. Gilbert Sheldon (71), Archbishop of Canterbury, in which was spent,£25,000, as Sir Christopher Wren (45), the architect (as I remember), told me; and yet it was never seen by the benefactor, my Lord Archbishop having told me that he never did or ever would see it. It is, in truth, a fabric comparable to any of this kind of former ages, and doubtless exceeding any of the present, as this University does for colleges, libraries, schools, students, and order, all the universities in the world. To the theater is added the famous Sheldonian printing house. This being at the Act and the first time of opening the Theater (Acts being formerly kept in St. Mary's Church, which might be thought indecent, that being a place set apart for the immediate worship of God, and was the inducement for building this noble pile), it was now resolved to keep the present Act in it, and celebrate its dedication with the greatest splendor and formality that might be; and, therefore, drew a world of strangers, and other company, to the University, from all parts of the nation.
The Vice-Chancellor, Heads of Houses, and Doctors, being seated in magisterial seats, the Vice-Chancellor's chair and desk, Proctors, etc., covered with brocatelle (a kind of brocade) and cloth of gold; the University Registrar read the founder's grant and gift of it to the University for their scholastic exercises upon these solemn occasions. Then followed Dr. South (34), the University's orator, in an eloquent speech, which was very long, and not without some malicious and indecent reflections on the Royal Society, as underminers of the University; which was very foolish and untrue, as well as unseasonable. But, to let that pass from an ill-natured man, the rest was in praise of the Archbishop and the ingenious architect. This ended, after loud music from the corridor above, where an organ was placed, there followed divers panegyric speeches, both in prose and verse, interchangeably pronounced by the young students placed in the rostrums, in Pindarics, Eclogues, Heroics, etc., mingled with excellent music, vocal and instrumental, to entertain the ladies and the rest of the company. A speech was then made in praise of academical learning. This lasted from eleven in the morning till seven at night, which was concluded with ringing of bells, and universal joy and feasting.

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John Evelyn's Diary 12 July 1669. 12 Jul 1669. Monday. Was held the Divinity Act in the Theater again, when proceeded seventeen Doctors, in all Faculties some.

John Evelyn's Diary 13 July 1669. 13 Jul 1669. I dined at the Vice-Chancellor's, and spent the afternoon in seeing the rarities of the public libraries, and visiting the noble marbles and inscriptions, now inserted in the walls that compass the area of the Theater, which were 150 of the most ancient and worthy treasures of that kind in the learned world. Now, observing that people approach them too near, some idle persons began to scratch and injure them, I advised that a hedge of holly should be planted at the foot of the wall, to be kept breast-high only to protect them; which the Vice-Chancellor promised to do the next season.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 July 1669. 15 Jul 1669. Having two days before had notice that the University intended me the honor of Doctorship, I was this morning attended by the beadles belonging to the Law, who conducted me to the Theater, where I found the Duke of Ormond (58) (now Chancellor of the University) with the Earl of Chesterfield (35) and Mr. Spencer (40) (brother to the late Earl of Sunderland). Thence, we marched to the Convocation House, a convocation having been called on purpose; here, being all of us robed in the porch, in scarlet with caps and hoods, we were led in by the Professor of Laws, and presented respectively by name, with a short eulogy, to the Vice-Chancellor, who sat in the chair, with all the Doctors and Heads of Houses and masters about the room, which was exceedingly full. Then, began the Public Orator his speech, directed chiefly to the Duke of Ormond, the Chancellor; but in which I had my compliment, in course. This ended, we were called up, and created Doctors according to the form, and seated by the Vice-Chancellor among the Doctors, on his right hand; then, the Vice-Chancellor made a short speech, and so, saluting our brother Doctors, the pageantry concluded, and the convocation was dissolved. So formal a creation of honorary Doctors had seldom been seen, that a convocation should be called on purpose, and speeches made by the Orator; but they could do no less, their Chancellor being to receive, or rather do them, this honor. I should have been made Doctor with the rest at the public Act, but their expectation of their Chancellor made them defer it. I was then led with my brother Doctors to an extraordinary entertainment at Doctor Mewes's, head of St John's College, and, after abundance of feasting and compliments, having visited the Vice-Chancellor and other Doctors, and given them thanks for the honor done me, I went toward home the 16th, and got as far as Windsor, and so to my house the next day.

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St Giles' Church Oxford, Oxfordshire

In 1623 Thomas Turner Dean Canterbury 1591-1672 (32) was presented to the vicarage of St Giles' Church Oxford.

St Mary Magdalen's Church, Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 06 May 1833 Robert Burden Stableman 1810-1864 (23) and Ann Maizey Domestic Servant 1806- (27) were married at St Mary Magdalen's Church.

Wolvercot, Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 23 Dec 1559 Bishop Henry Morgan -1559 died at Wolvercot. He was buried at Wolvercote Cemetery Oxford.

On 18 May 1644 Richard Fanshawe 1st Baronet Fanshawe 1608-1666 (35) and Anne Harrison Lady Fanshawe 1625-1680 (19) were married in Wolvercot.

Around 1644. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Richard Fanshawe 1st Baronet Fanshawe 1608-1666.Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of Anne Harrison Lady Fanshawe 1625-1680. Valence House Museum.

Wolvercote Cemetery Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 23 Dec 1559 Bishop Henry Morgan -1559 died at Wolvercot. He was buried at Wolvercote Cemetery Oxford.

On 18 Dec 1925 William Hamo Thornycroft Sculptor 1850-1925 (75) died. He was buried at Wolvercote Cemetery Oxford.

Around 1884. Joseph Parkin Mayall Photographer 1839-1906. Portrait of William Hamo Thornycroft Sculptor 1850-1925.