History of Richmond Palace

1377 Death of Edward III

1394 Death and Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

1503 Margaret Tudor's journey to Scotland

1509 Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1509 Death of Henry VII

1511 Birth and Death of Prince Henry

1540 Anne of Cleves Annulment

1603 Death of Queen Elizabeth I Accession of James I

Richmond Palace is in Richmond.

Death of Edward III

On 21 Jun 1377 King Edward III England (64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace. He was buried in the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor. King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (10) succeeded II King England.

Death and Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

On 07 Jun 1394 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (28) died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace. King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (27) was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palalce.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VII. 1500. This yeare the Kinge (42) buylded new his manner at Sheene, and chaunged the name and named it Eichmonde; and buylded new his place called the Baynards Castle, in London; and repayred his place in Greenewich, with muche new buyldinge.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Margaret Tudor's journey to Scotland

On 27 Jun 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (13) left for Scotland at Richmond Palace accompanied by Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (26), Edward Howard 1476-1513 (27), Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape 1468-1530 (35) and Ralph Ogle 3rd Baron Ogle 1468-1513 (34).

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541. Before 1537 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539.

Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VII. 1509. This yeare, in Aprill, died King Henry the Vllth (51) at Richmond; and his Sonne King Henry the VIII (17) was proclaymed Kinge on St. Georges daye, in the same moneth. And in June follwinge the King (17) was married to Queene Katherin (23), late wife of his brother Prince Arthure (22), and were both crowned on Mid-sommer day. See Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon or Joanna Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon. Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502.

Death of Henry VII

On 21 Apr 1509 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52) died of tuberculosis at Richmond Palace. Henry VIII (17) succeeded VIII King England.

Birth and Death of Prince Henry

On 01 Jan 1511 Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 was born to Henry VIII (19) and Catherine of Aragon (25) at Richmond Palace. He was appointed Duke Cornwall at birth.

On 22 Feb 1511 Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Anne of Cleves Annulment

On 09 Jul 1540 Henry VIII's (49) marriage to Anne of Cleves (24) was annulled. He gave her a generours settlement including Richmond Palace and Hever Castle. Bishop Robert Parfew aka Warton -1557 signed the delcaration. She was given precedence above all other women other than the King's wife future wives and daughters, referring to her thereafter as The King's Sister. She lived seventeen more years outliving Henry's two next wives Queen Catherine Howard of England 1523-1542 (17) and Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 (27), and Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (2).

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Anne of Cleves. In 1544 Master John Painter. Portrait of Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548. Around 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548. Around 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 Around 1546 Unknown Painter. After William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553. Around 1547. Workshop of Master John Painter. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 1st Year 1547-1548. The eight daie of October my Lord Protectors Grace (47) came from North home, and in Finsburie Fields my lord major, with the aldermen in their skarlett gownes, with certaine of the comens in their liveries with their hoodes, mett his Grace, the major and aldermen on horsebacke, and he ever tooke one of them by the handea, and after my lord major rode with him to the pounde in Smythfield, where my Lord Protector tooke his leve of them, and so rode that night to his place at Shene, and the morrowe after to the King (9) at Hampton Court.

Note a. Probably a clerical error for " he tooke every one of them by the hand."

On 04 Jun 1550 Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 (17) and Amy Robsart 1532-1560 (17) were married at Sheen Palace. Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (12) and William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (29) attended.

In 1587 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588. Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588. Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 wearing his Garter Collar. After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636 (attributed). Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. After 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Diary of Henry Machyn September 1553. 03 Aug 1553. The iij day of August, at Rychemond, was my lord Cortnay (26) created the yerle of Denshyre of owre nobulle qwene Mare (37).

Around 1555. Attributed Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564 of the English School. Portrait of Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556. Around 1554 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558. Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Mary I 1st Year 19 May 1554. 19 May 1554. The xixth of May, beinge Saterday and the eeven of the feast of the Holie Trinitie, Ladye Elizabeth (20) was had out of the Tower and went thorowe London Bridge in her barge at 3 of the clock in the afternoone, lyeinge at Richmond that night; and from thence conveyed to Woodstock, Mr. Benyfield (45)b, Lorde Williams of Tame, and Sir Leonard Chamberlayne, waytinge on her, with iic horsemen, there to remayne at the Queenes pleasure.

b. Sir Henry Bedingfield (45), the recently appointed Constable of the Tower.

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father. Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1554. 29 May 1554. The xxix day of May the Queen (38) removed from St. James's, passing through the park, and took her barge at Whitehall, and so to Rychmond, on her progress.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Mary I 2nd Year 11 Aug 1554. 11 Aug 1554. The 11 of August the King (27) and Queen (38) removed to Richmond.

Around 1573 Sofonisba Anguissola Painter 1532-1625. Portrait of Philip Around 1560 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Philip Around 1550. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Portrait of Philip Around 1554. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Portrait of Philip Around 1594. Juan Pantoja de La Cruz Painter 1553–1608. Portrait of Philip

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1557. 15 Jul 1557. The xv day of July the Quen('s) (41) grace dynyd at Lambeth with my lord cardenall Polle (57), and after dener removyd to Rychmond, and ther (her) grace tares ther her plesur.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1560. 29 Jul 1560. The xxix day of July the Quen('s) (26) grace removyd from Grenwyche on her grace('s) progresse, and at Lambeth she dynyd with my lord of Canturbere (55) and her consell; and after [took her] gorney towhard Rychmond, and her grace lay ther v [5] days; and after to Ottland, and ther So[nday and] Monday dener, and to Suttun to soper.

On 07 Aug 1574 Robert Dudley 1574-1649 was born illegitimately to Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 (42) and Douglas Howard Baroness Sheffield 1542-1608 (32) at Richmond Palace.

On 10 Nov 1599 Margaret Radclyffe of Ordsall Hall 1573-1599 (26) died at Richmond Palace. She had never recovered from the news of her twin brother Alexander's (26) death earlier in the year. Margaret was buried in St Margaret's Church with all the ceremonies of a great lady's obsequies. Elizabeth I (66) ordered the Court into mourning. A magnificent monument was erected over her grave at the Queen's expense, and Ben Jonson wrote the inscription for it:

Marble weep, for thou dost cover.

A dead beauty underneath thee,.

Rich as nature could bequeath thee:

Grant, then, no rude hand remove her.

All the gazers on the skies.

Read not in fair heaven's story.

Expresser truth or truer glory,.

Than they might in her bright eyes.

.

Rare as wonder was her wit;.

And like nectar ever flowing:

Till time, strong by her bestowing,.

Conquered have both life and it.

Life whose grief was out of fashion.

In these times. Few have so rued.

Fate in a brother. To conclude,.

For wit, feature, and true passion.

Earth, thou hast not such another.

The Monument is no longer extant.

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Death of Queen Elizabeth I Accession of James I

On 24 Mar 1603 Elizabeth I (69) died at Richmond Palace around three in the morning.

King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (36) succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland. He was Elizabeth's second cousin being the son of Mary Queen of Scots (60) who was the daughter of Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Immediately following her death Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth 1560-1639 (43) started on horseback for Edinburgh to inform King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (36) arriving at Holyrood Palace late on the 26 Mar 1603. His conduct met with general disapproval and merited censure as contrary to all decency, good manners and respect. George Carew -1612 and Thomas Lake 1561-1630 (41) were sent by the Council to formally inform James VI's death.

Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. Around 1605 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter. In 1621 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter. Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. 1623. Adam de Colone 1572-1651. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. 1580. Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. Around 1575. Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of George Seton 5th Lord Seton -1513. Wearing the clothes he wore at the wedding of Mary Queen of Scots and the French Dauphin on 24 Apr 1558.

On 20 Jun 1667 James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1663-1667 (3) died at Richmond Palace. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. Duke Cambridge 1C 1664 extinct.

John Evelyn's Diary 27 August 1678. 27 Aug 1678. I took leave of the Duke (50), and dined at Mr. Henry Bruncker's (51), at the Abbey of Sheene, formerly a monastery of Carthusians, there yet remaining one of their solitary cells with a cross. Within this ample inclosure are several pretty villas and fine gardens of the most excellent fruits, especially Sir William Temple's (50) (lately Ambassador into Holland), and the Lord Lisle's (29), son to the Earl of Leicester (59), who has divers rare pictures, above all, that of Sir Brian Tuke's, by Holbein.

After dinner I walked to Ham, to see the house and garden of the Duke of Lauderdale (62), which is indeed inferior to few of the best villas in Italy itself; the house furnished like a great Prince's; the parterres, flower-gardens, orangeries, groves, avenues, courts, statues, perspectives, fountains, aviaries, and all this at the banks of the sweetest river in the world, must needs be admirable.

Hence, I went to my worthy friend, Sir Henry Capel (40) [at Kew], brother to the Earl of Essex (46); it is an old timber-house; but his garden has the choicest fruit of any plantation in England, as he is the most industrious and understanding in it.

Around 1672 Gilbert Soest Painter 1605-1681. Portrait of Henry Howard 6th Duke Norfolk 1628-1684. Around 1669 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Henry Howard 6th Duke Norfolk 1628-1684. Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Henry Howard 6th Duke Norfolk 1628-1684. Around 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Brian Tuke Secretary -1545. Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of Thomas Hales 3rd Baronet Hales 1695-1762 and John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Ham House Ham Richmond. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Around 1655 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664. Portrait of Henry Capell 1st Baron Capell Tewkesbury 1638-1696.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1554. 20 May 15544. The xx day of May my lade Elsabeth the quen('s) syster cam owt of the Towre, and toke her barge at Towre warfe, and so to Rychemond, and from thens unto Wyndsor, and so to Wodstoke.