History of Richmond

1648 Siege of Colchester

1933 Opening of the Twickenham, Hampton Court and Chiswick Bridges

Richmond is in Surrey.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII April 1509. Apr 1509. Will of Henry VII (52):
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated (blank) day of (blank) in the (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (31), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors.".

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Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Before 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532.Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532.Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.In 1544 Master John Painter. Portrait of Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533.1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Equestrian Portrait of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558.1519. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541. Portrait of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558.

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1554. 25 Jan 1554. The xxv day of January was bered master Sturley sqwyre, at Rychemond, with cot armur and penon and skochyons of armes, stayffe torchys and ij whyt branchys, and mony mornars.

On 20 Nov 1559 Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk 1517-1559 (42) died at Richmond. She was buried at Chapel of St Edmund.

In 1580 Thomas St Paul -1582 was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (46) at Richmond.

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father.Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

On 10 Mar 1627 Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (51) died at Richmond. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 12 May 1662. 12 May 1662. Mr. Townsend called us up by four o'clock; and by five the three ladies, my wife and I, and Mr. Townsend, his son and daughter, were got to the barge and set out. We walked from Mortlake to Richmond, and so to boat again. And from Teddington to Hampton Court Mr. Townsend and I walked again. And then met the ladies, and were showed the whole house by Mr. Marriott; which is indeed nobly furnished, particularly the Queen's (23) bed, given her by the States of Holland; a looking-glass sent by the Queen-Mother (52) from France, hanging in the Queen's (23) chamber, and many brave pictures.
So to Mr. Marriott's, and there we rested ourselves and drank. And so to barge again, and there we had good victuals and wine, and were very merry; and got home about eight at night very well. So my wife and I took leave of my Ladies, and home by a hackney-coach, the easiest that ever I met with, and so to bed.

Siege of Colchester

John Evelyn's Diary 24 March 1688. 24 Mar 1688. I went with Sir Charles Littleton (60) to Sheen, a house and estate given him by Lord Brounker (68); one who was ever noted for a hard, covetous, vicious man; but for his worldly craft and skill in gaming few exceeded him. Coming to die, he bequeathed all his land, house, furniture, etc., to Sir Charles (60), to whom he had no manner of relation, but an ancient friendship contracted at the famous siege of Colchester, forty years before. It is a pretty place, with fine gardens, and well planted, and given to one worthy of them, Sir Charles (60) being an honest gentleman and soldier. He is brother to Sir Henry Littleton (64) of Worcestershire, whose great estate he is likely to inherit, his brother being without children. They are descendants of the great lawyer of that name, and give the same arms and motto. He is married to one Mrs. Temple (39), formerly Maid of Honour to the late Queen (49), a beautiful lady, and he has many fine children, so that none envy his good fortune.
After dinner, we went to see Sir William Temple's (60) near to it; the most remarkable things are his orangery and gardens, where the wall-fruit-trees are most exquisitely nailed and trained, far better than I ever noted.
There are many good pictures, especially of Vandyke's (89), in both these houses, and some few statues and small busts in the latter.
From thence to Kew, to visit Sir Henry Capel's (50), whose orangery and myrtetum are most beautiful and perfectly well kept. He was contriving very high palisadoes of reeds to shade his oranges during the summer, and painting those reeds in oil.

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In 1746 Henry Arundell 6th Baron Arundel Wardour 1694-1746 (52) died at Richmond. His son Henry Arundell 7th Baron Arundel Wardour 1717-1756 (29) succeeded 7th Baron Arundel Wardour in Wiltshire.

On 13 Aug 1803 Charles Douglas 6th Marquess Queensberry 1777-1837 (26) and Caroline Scott Marchioness Queensbury 1774-1854 (29) were married at Richmond. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Marchioness Queensberry.

On 27 Apr 1824 William Kerr 6th Marquess Lothian 1763-1824 (60) died at Richmond. His son John Kerr 7th Marquess Lothian 1794-1841 (30) succeeded 7th Marquess Lothian.

On 15 Mar 1849 James Anderson Rose 1819-1890 (29) and Emily Winter Rose nee Chadwick 1825-1907 (24) were married. Possibly at Richmond.

1862. Frederick Sandys Painter 1829-1904. Portrait of Susanna Rose nee Anderson 1795-1870. Mother of collector James Anderson Rose 1819-1890. Sandys exhibited this portrait at the Royal Academy in 1863.1902. Frederick Sandys Painter 1829-1904. Portrait of Emily Winter Rose nee Chadwick 1825-1907, wife of collector James Anderson Rose 1819-1890.

Barnes Richmond, Surrey

On 25 May 1601 Robert Beale Clerk Painter 1541-1601 (60) died at his home at Barnes Richmond.

John Evelyn's Diary 14 May 1663. 14 May 1663. Dined with my Lord Mordaunt (36), and thence went to Barnes, to visit my excellent and ingenious friend, Abraham Cowley (45).

St Paul's School Barnes Richmond, Surrey

Around 1646 James Hayes 1637-1694 (9) educated at St Paul's School Barnes Richmond.

Bushy Park Richmond, Surrey

On 08 Apr 1822 Stillborn twins Fitzclarence 1822- was born to William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (56) and Adelaide Saxe Meiningen Queen Consort England (29) at Bushy Park Richmond.

Around 1830. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839. Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837.1830. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839. Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837.

Church of St Mary Magdalene Richmond, Surrey

On 04 Jan 1688 Henry Brouncker 3rd Viscount Brounckner 1627-1688 (61) died without issue at Sheen Abbey. He was buried in the Church of St Mary Magdalene Richmond. Viscount Brouckner of Lyons in Leinster extinct.

Church of St Mary the Virgin Richmond, Surrey

On 26 Oct 2000 Serena Lumley 1901-2000 (99) died. She was buried at Church of St Mary the Virgin Richmond.

Ham Richmond, Surrey

Ham House Ham Richmond, Surrey

Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of Thomas Hales 3rd Baronet Hales 1695-1762 and John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Ham House Ham Richmond.

Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of Thomas Hales 3rd Baronet Hales 1695-1762 and John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Ham House Ham Richmond.

On 05 Jun 1698 Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (71) died at Ham House Ham Richmond. She was buried at Church of St Peter Petersham. Her son Lionel Tollemache 3rd Earl Dysart 1649-1727 (49) succeeded 3rd Earl Dysart.

Around 1641 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698.Around 1648 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698.Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698.Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698.Around 1647 John Weesop Painter -1652. Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698.

On 20 Feb 1799 Lionel Tollemache 5th Earl Dysart 1734-1799 (64) died at Ham House Ham Richmond without issue. His brother Wilbrahim Tollemache 6th Earl Dysart 1739-1821 (59) succeeded 6th Earl Dysart.

On 20 Aug 1833 Charles Brudenell 1st Marquess Ailesbury 1773-1856 (60) and Maria Elizabeth Tollemache Marchioness Ailesbury 1809-1893 (23) were married at Ham House Ham Richmond. She by marriage Marchioness Ailesbury 1C.

Before 28 Jan 1839. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839. Portrait of Charles Brudenell 1st Marquess Ailesbury 1773-1856.Circle of Martin Archer Shee Painter 1769-1850. Portrait of Maria Elizabeth Tollemache Marchioness Ailesbury 1809-1893.

Hampton Richmond, Surrey

On 31 Dec 1713 Edward Proger 1621-1713 (92) died. He was buried under his pew at Hampton Richmond.

On 17 Jun 1865 Charles Fitzroy 1791-1865 (73) died at Hampton Richmond.

Hampton Court Bridge, Hampton Richmond, Surrey

Hampton Court Bridge is a bridge on the River Thames.

Opening of the Twickenham, Hampton Court and Chiswick Bridges

On 03 Jul 1933 Twickenham Bridge, Hampton Court Bridge and Chiswick Bridge were opened by the Prince of Wales (39).

Mortlake, Richmond, Surrey

On 03 Aug 1537 Gregory Cromwell 1st Baron Cromwell Oakham 1520-1551 (17) and Elizabeth Seymour Baroness Cromwell Oakham 1518-1556 (19) were married at Mortlake.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 12 May 1662. 12 May 1662. Mr. Townsend called us up by four o'clock; and by five the three ladies, my wife and I, and Mr. Townsend, his son and daughter, were got to the barge and set out. We walked from Mortlake to Richmond, and so to boat again. And from Teddington to Hampton Court Mr. Townsend and I walked again. And then met the ladies, and were showed the whole house by Mr. Marriott; which is indeed nobly furnished, particularly the Queen's (23) bed, given her by the States of Holland; a looking-glass sent by the Queen-Mother (52) from France, hanging in the Queen's (23) chamber, and many brave pictures.
So to Mr. Marriott's, and there we rested ourselves and drank. And so to barge again, and there we had good victuals and wine, and were very merry; and got home about eight at night very well. So my wife and I took leave of my Ladies, and home by a hackney-coach, the easiest that ever I met with, and so to bed.

John Evelyn's Diary 05 May 1664. 05 May 1664. Went with some company a journey of pleasure on the water, in a barge, with music, and at Mortlake had a great banquet, returning late. The occasion was, Sir Robert Carr (27) now courting Mrs. Bennett, sister to the Secretary of State (46).

Diary of Samuel Pepys 05 August 1666. 05 Aug 1666. Lord's Day. Up, and down to the Old Swan, and there called Betty Michell and her husband, and had two or three a long salutes from her out of sight of 'su mari' [Note. her husband], which pleased me mightily, and so carried them by water to West minster, and I to St. James's, and there had a meeting before the Duke of Yorke (32), complaining of want of money, but nothing done to any purpose, for want we shall, so that now our advices to him signify nothing. Here Sir W. Coventry (38) did acquaint the Duke of Yorke (32) how the world do discourse of the ill method of our books, and that we would consider how to answer any enquiry which shall be made after our practice therein, which will I think concern the Controller most, but I shall make it a memento to myself.
Thence walked to the Parish Church to have one look upon Betty Michell, and so away homeward by water, and landed to go to the church, where, I believe, Mrs. Horsely goes, by Merchant-tailors' Hall, and there I find in the pulpit Elborough, my old schoolfellow and a simple rogue, and yet I find him preaching a very good sermon, and in as right a parson-like manner, and in good manner too, as I have heard any body; and the church very full, which is a surprising consideration; but I did not see her.
So home, and had a good dinner, and after dinner with my wife, and Mercer, and Jane by water, all the afternoon up as high as Morclaeke with great pleasure, and a fine day, reading over the second part of "The Siege of Rhodes", with great delight. We landed and walked at Barne-elmes, and then at the Neat Houses I landed and bought a millon, [melon] and we did also land and eat and drink at Wandsworth, and so to the Old Swan, and thence walked home. It being a mighty fine cool evening, and there being come, my wife and I spent an houre in the garden, talking of our living in the country, when I shall be turned out of the office, as I fear the Parliament may find faults enough with the office to remove us all, and I am joyed to think in how good a condition I am to retire thither, and have wherewith very well to subsist. Nan, at Sir W. Pen's (45), lately married to one Markeham, a kinsman of Sir W. Pen's (45), a pretty wench she is.

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Richmond Bridge, Surrey

Richmond Bridge is a bridge over the River Thames opened in Sep 1777.

Richmond Palace

Richmond Park, Surrey

White Lodge Richmond Park, Surrey

On 27 Oct 1897 Princess Mary Adelaide Hanover 1833-1897 (63) died at White Lodge Richmond Park. She was buried at St George's Chapel Windsor Castle.

Sheen Abbey, Richmond, Surrey

On 04 Jan 1688 Henry Brouncker 3rd Viscount Brounckner 1627-1688 (61) died without issue at Sheen Abbey. He was buried in the Church of St Mary Magdalene Richmond. Viscount Brouckner of Lyons in Leinster extinct.

Sheen Charterhouse, Richmond, Surrey

Diary of Henry Machyn December 1557. 04 Dec 1557. The iiij day of Desember was bered at Sheen at the the charter-howse ser Robart Rochester (63) knyght, the wyche he was chossen knyght of the garter, but he was never stallyd at Wyndsore, so [he] was not bered with the garter, butt after [the manner of another] knyght, for ther was a goodly herse of wax, v prensypalles, with viij dosen penselles, and viij dosen skochyons, and vj dosen torchys, and ij whyt [branches]; and a standard, and a penon of armes, and cot armur, elmett, targett, sword, mantylles, and iiij baners of emages, and a majeste and valanse, and master Claren[ceux] and master Lankester aroldes [heralds], and mony morners in [black]; and the masse and a sermon, and after a grett dener.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1559. 04 Jul 1559. The iiij day of July, the Thursday, the prests and nuns of Syon whent a-way, and the Charter-howsse.
The abbott of Westmynster and the monkes was reprevyd.

St Mary Magdalene Church Richmond, Surrey

On 04 Feb 1816 Richard Fitzwilliam 7th Viscount Fitzwilliam 1745-1816 (70) died unmarried. He was buried at St Mary Magdalene Church Richmond. His brother John Fitzwilliam 8th Viscount Fitzwilliam 1752-1830 (63) succeeded 8th Viscount Fitzwilliam of Mount Merrion House in Dublin.

In 1764 Joseph Wright of Derby Painter 1734-1797. Portrait of Richard Fitzwilliam 7th Viscount Fitzwilliam 1745-1816.

Thirty Acre Barn, Richmond, Surrey

Stane Street to Chichester is a 91km Roman Road from Noviomagus Reginorum aka Chichester to London crossing the land of the Atrebates in use by 70AD. Its route took it from London Bridge along Newington Causeway past Merton Priory to Ewell, through Sutton, past the boundary of Nonsuch Palace to Thirty Acre Barn, then near to Juniper Hall Field Centre near Mickleham, then crossing the River Mole near to Burford Bridge southwards to Dorking (although the route here is vague) to North Holmwood, Ockley, Rowhook after which it crossed the River Arun at Alfodean Bridge where some of the timber piles on which the bridge was built are still present in the river bed. Thereafter the road travels broadly straight to Billingshurst, Pulborough where it crosses the River Arun again, then passing the Roman Villa at Bignor before entering the East Gate at Noviomagus Reginorum aka Chichester.

Twickenham