History of Salisbury

1168 Eleanor Ambushed by Guy de Lusignan

1328 Roger Mortimer created Earl of March

1337 Creation of Earls

1428 Siege of Orléans

1462 Warwick becomes Kingmaker

1469 Execution of Warwick's Supporters

1483 Buckingham's Rebellion

1497 Cornish Rebellion

1556 Salisbury Execution of Protestant Martyrs

1665 Great Plague of London

1690 Glorious Revolution

Salisbury is in Wiltshire.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle William The Conqueror. 1086. This year the king (58) bare his crown, and held his court, in Winchester at Easter; and he so arranged, that he was by the Pentecost at Westminster, and dubbed his son Henry (18) a knight there. Afterwards he moved about so that he came by Lammas to Sarum; where he was met by his councillors; and all the landsmen that were of any account over all England became this man's vassals as they were; and they all bowed themselves before him, and became his men, and swore him oaths of allegiance that they would against all other men be faithful to him. Thence he proceeded into the Isle of Wight; because he wished to go into Normandy, and so he afterwards did; though he first did according to his custom; he collected a very large sum from his people, wherever he could make any demand, whether with justice or otherwise.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Henry I Beauclerc 1106. 1106. At Easter was the king (38) at Bath, and at Pentecost at Salisbury; because he would not hold his court when he was beyond the sea.

Around 1141 Patrick Salisbury 1st Earl Salisbury 1122-1168 (19) was created 1st Earl Salisbury 1C 1149.

In 1149 Patrick Salisbury 1st Earl Salisbury 1122-1168 (27) and Adela Montgomery Countess Salisbury Countess Surrey -1174 were married. She by marriage Countess Salisbury.

In Aug 1155 Roger Fitzmiles 2nd Earl Hereford 1124-1155 (30) and Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) were in Salisbury.

Eleanor Ambushed by Guy de Lusignan

On 27 Mar 1168 Eleanor of Aquitaine (46) and her party were ambushed by brothers Guy I King Jerusalem 1150-1194 (18) and Geoffrey Lusignan 1150-1224 (18).
Patrick Salisbury 1st Earl Salisbury 1122-1168 (46) was killed. His son William Salisbury 2nd Earl Salisbury 1150-1196 (18) succeeded 2nd Earl Salisbury 1C 1149.
William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (22) held off the enemy, was wounded and captured whilst Eleanor escaped. Eleanor subsequently paid his ransom.

Before 1187 William Salisbury 2nd Earl Salisbury 1150-1196 and Eleanor Vitre Countess Salisbury 1158-1233 were married. She by marriage Countess Salisbury.

In 1196 William Salisbury 2nd Earl Salisbury 1150-1196 (46) died. His daughter Ela Longespee 3rd Countess Salisbury 1187-1261 (9) succeeded 3rd Earl Salisbury 1C 1149.

In 1196 William "Longsword" Longespee 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 (20) and Ela Longespee 3rd Countess Salisbury 1187-1261 (9) were married. He a son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. He by marriage 3rd Earl Salisbury 1C 1149.

Around 1207 Ida Longespée 1207-1269 was born to William "Longsword" Longespee 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 (31) and Ela Longespee 3rd Countess Salisbury 1187-1261 (20) at Salisbury. She a granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

27 May 1208. Letter VII. Eleanor Plantagenet 1184 1241 to her subjects in Brittany. 27 May 1208. Letter VII. Eleanor Plantagenet 1184-1241 (24) to her subjects in Brittany.
Eleanora, duchess of Bretagne and countess of Richmond, to her dear and faithful lords the bishops of Nantes, Vannes, and Cornwall, and to Eudo de Poule, and Geoffry Espine, and Oliver de Rugy, and Pagan de Mal-Estrail, and all other her barons and faithful subjects of Bretagne, greeting.
We give you manifold thanks concerning the things of which you have informed us, and earnestly entreat you that you, the above-named, come to England to my lord and uncle the king of England (41); and know you, certainly, that your advent will, God willing, tend to your and our great honour and convenience, and, by God's grace, to our liberation.
We have spoken with our said uncle (41) about affording you a safe-conduct, and he is glad of your coming, and sends you his letters patent of safe-conduct; and you may all come safely by means of those letters — or as many of you as can, if all cannot come.
Witness myself, at Sarum, the 27th day of May.
To her dearest son Henry, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, earl of Anjou, Isabella (20), by the same grace queen of England, lady of Ireland, duchess of Normandy and Aquitaine, countess of Anjou and Angoulême, sends health and her maternal benediction.
We hereby signify to you that when the Earls of March (45) and Eu (48) departed this life, the lord Hugh de Lusignan (25) remained alone and without heirs in Poitou, and his friends would not permit that our daughter should be united to him in marriage, because her age is so tender, but counselled him to take a wife from whom he might speedily hope for an heir; and it was proposed that he should take a wife in France, which if he had done, all your land in Poitou and Gascony would be lost. We, therefore, seeing the great peril that might accrue if that marriage should take place, when our counsellors could give us no advice, ourselves married the said Hugh earl of March (25); and God knows that we did this rather for your benefit than our own. Wherefore we entreat you, as our dear son, that this thing may be pleasing to you, seeing it conduces greatly to the profit of you and yours; and we earnestly pray you that you will restore to him his lawful right, that is Niort, the castles of Exeter and Rockingham, and 3500 marks, which your father, our former husband (41), bequeathed to us; and so, if it please you, deal with him, who is so powerful, that he may not remain against you, since he can serve you well — for he is wdl-disposed to serve you faithfully with all his power; and we are certain and undertake that he shall serve you well if you will restore to him his rights, and, therefore, we advise that you take opportune counsel on these matters; and, when it shall please you, you may send for our daughter, your sister, by a trusty messenger and your letters patent, and we will send her to you.

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Around 1216 Stephen Longespée 1216-1260 was born to William "Longsword" Longespee 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 (40) and Ela Longespee 3rd Countess Salisbury 1187-1261 (29) at Salisbury. He a grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

Around 1222 Ida II Longespée 1222-1262 was born to William "Longsword" Longespee 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 (46) and Ela Longespee 3rd Countess Salisbury 1187-1261 (35) at Salisbury. She a granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

Around 1223 Emmeline Riddlesford 1223-1276 was born to Walter Riddlesford 1204-1244 (19) in Salisbury.

On 24 Aug 1261 Ela Longespee 3rd Countess Salisbury 1187-1261 (74) died. She was buried in Lacock Abbey. Her inscription reads ... Below lie buried the bones of the venerable Ela, who gave this sacred house as a home for the nuns. She also had lived here as holy abbess and Countess of Salisbury, full of good works. Her great granddaughter Margaret Longespée 4th Countess Salisbury Countess Lincoln -1310 succeeded 4th Earl Salisbury 1C 1149.

After 11 May 1262 Ida II Longespée 1222-1262 died at Salisbury.

Before 25 Dec 1281 Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 and Margaret Longespée 4th Countess Salisbury Countess Lincoln -1310 were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England 1068-1135. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She by marriage Countess Lincoln. Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 by marriage 4th Earl Salisbury 1C 1149.

In 1293 Otho Grandison 1293-1359 was born to William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison 1262-1335 (31) and Sibylla Tregoz Baroness Grandison at Salisbury.

On 24 Feb 1297 John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310 (28) summoned to attend the King at Salisbury.

In Feb 1311 Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (60) died at Lincoln's Inn. His daughter Alice Lacy Countess Leicester Countess Lancaster 5th Countess Salisbury 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (29) succeeded 5th Earl Salisbury 1C 1149, 4th Earl Lincoln 4C 1217.

In Feb 1311 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (33) by marriage 5th Earl Salisbury 1C 1149, 4th Earl Lincoln 4C 1217.

Roger Mortimer created Earl of March

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 1 Chapter 20 How king Robert of Scotland died. Mar 1328. And also they delivered to them again the black cross of Scotland, the which the good king Edward conquered and brought it out of the abbey of Scone, the which was a precious relic; and all rights and interests that every baron had in Scotland was then clean forgiven. And many other things were done at that parliament to the great hurt and prejudice of the realm of England, and in manner against the wills of all the nobles of the realm, save only of Isabel (33) the old queen and the bishop of Ely and the lord Mortimer (40): they ruled the realm in such wise, that every man was miscontent. So that the earl Henry of Lancaster (47) and sir Thomas Brotherton (27), earl marshal, and sir Edmund of Woodstock (26), the king's uncle, and divers other lords and commons were agreed together to amend these faults, if they might. And in that meantime the queen Isabel (33) and sir Roger Mortimer (40) caused another parliament to be holden at Salisbury, at the which parliament sir Roger Mortimer (40) was made earl of March against all the barons' wills of England, in prejudice of king and his realm, and sir John of Eltham (11) the king's brother was made earl of Cornwall. To the which parliament the earl Henry of Lancaster (47) would not come, wherefore the king was brought in belief that he would have destroyed his person; for the which they assembled a great host and went toward Bedford, whereas the earl Henry (47) was with his company.

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1337 Creation of Earls

In 1337 King Edward III England (24) created a number of new Earldom's probably in preparation for his forthcoming war against France ...
William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (36) was created 1st Earl Salisbury 2C 1337. Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349 (33) by marriage Countess Salisbury.
William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (27) was created 1st Earl of Northampton 3C 1337. Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 (24) by marriage Countess of Northampton.
Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 (46) was created 1st Earl Gloucester 3C 1337 probably as compensation for his daughter Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 (19) having been abducted by Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (35).
Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 (38) was created 1st Earl Suffolk 2C 1337. Margaret Norwich Countess Suffolk 1286-1368 (51) by marriage Countess Suffolk.

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On 11 Jun 1349 William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (48) died. His son William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (20) succeeded 2nd Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 4th Baron Montagu. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (20) by marriage Countess Salisbury.

Around 1350 Simon Montagu 1350- was born to John Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 3rd Baron Monthermer 1330-1389 (20) and Margaret Monthermer Baroness Montagu 3rd Baroness Monthermer -1395 at Salisbury. He a great x 2 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

Around 1362 John St John 1362-1424 was born to John St John -1393 at Salisbury.

After 07 Aug 1385 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 and Elizabeth Mohun Countess Salisbury -1415 were married. She by marriage Countess Salisbury.

In 1387 Walter Devereux 1387-1459 was born to Walter Devereux 1361-1402 (26) and Agnes Crophull 1371-1436 (15) at Salisbury.

Around 1389 Richard Devereux 1389- was born to Walter Devereux 1361-1402 (28) and Agnes Crophull 1371-1436 (17) at Salisbury.

Around 1391 Stephen Devereux 1391- was born to Walter Devereux 1361-1402 (30) and Agnes Crophull 1371-1436 (19) at Salisbury.

Around 1393 Roger Devereux 1393- was born to Walter Devereux 1361-1402 (32) and Agnes Crophull 1371-1436 (21) at Salisbury.

Around 1395 Margaret Devereux 1395- was born to Walter Devereux 1361-1402 (34) and Agnes Crophull 1371-1436 (23) at Salisbury.

Around 1395 Joan Devereux 1395- was born to Walter Devereux 1361-1402 (34) and Agnes Crophull 1371-1436 (23) at Salisbury.

On 03 Jun 1397 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (68) died. His nephew John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (47) succeeded 3rd Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 2nd Baron Montagu. Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424 (33) by marriage Countess Salisbury.

Around 1399 Thomas Devereux 1399- was born to Walter Devereux 1361-1402 (38) and Agnes Crophull 1371-1436 (27) at Salisbury.

On 14 Jan 1415 Elizabeth Mohun Countess Salisbury -1415 died in Salisbury.

In 1421 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (32) was restored 4th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 6th Baron Montagu, 5th Baron Monthermer. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (17) by marriage Countess Salisbury.

Siege of Orléans

On 03 Nov 1428 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (40) died from wounds received at the Siege of Orléans. His daughter Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (21) succeeded 5th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 7th Baron Montagu, 6th Baron Monthermer. Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) by marriage 5th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337.

On 09 Aug 1449 Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (71) died at Salisbury. He was buried at the Hungerford Chapel at Salisbury Cathedral. His son Robert Hungerford 2nd Baron Hungerford 1400-1459 (49) succeeded 2nd Baron Hungerford. Margaret Botreaux 4th Baroness Botreaux Baroness Hungerford -1478 by marriage Baroness Hungerford.

Warwick becomes Kingmaker

Before 09 Dec 1462 Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 died. Her son Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 succeeded 6th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 8th Baron Montagu, 7th Baron Monthermer adding to the earldom of Warwick he had already acquired through his wife some fourteen years previously. The combined earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury made Warwick the second most powerful man in the Kingdom making him Kingmaker.

Around 1466 Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings 4th Baroness Hungerford 5th Baroness Botreaux 2nd Baroness Moleyns 1466-1553 was born to Thomas Hungerford -1469 and Anne Percy 1444-1522 (22) at Salisbury.

In 1466 Anne Neville 1466-1486 was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (35) and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476 (25) at Salisbury. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Letter XXXIX. Anne Countess of Warwick to the House of Commons. 1471. Letter XXXVIII. Anne Countess of Warwick (14) to the House of Commons.
To the right worshipful and discreet Commons of this present Parliament.
Sheweth unto your wisdoms and discretions the king's true liege woman, Anne countess of Warwick, which never offended his most redoubted highness; for she, immediately after the death of her lord and husband (17) — on whose soul God have mercy — for none offence by her done, but dreading only trouble, being that time within this realm, entered into the sanctuary of Beaulieu for surety of her person, to dispose for the weal and health of the soul of her said lord and husband, as right and conscience required her so to do; making within five days, or near thereabouts, after her entry into the said sanctuary, her labours, suits, and means to the king's highness for her safeguard, to be had as diligently and effectually as her power would extend. She not ceasing, but after her power continiling in such labours, suits, and means, insomuch that, in absence of clerks, she hath written letters in that behalf to the king's highness with her own hand, and not only making such labours, suits, and means to the king's highness, soothly also to the queen's (34) good grace, to my right redoubted lady the king's mother, to my lady the king's eldest daughter, to my lords the king's brethren, to my ladies the king's sisters, to my lady of Bedford (56), mother to the queen, and to other ladies noble of this realm; in which labours, suits, and means, she hath continued hitherto, and so will continue, as she owes to do, till it may please the king, of his most good and noble grace, to have consideration that, during the life of her said lord and husband, she was covert baron, which point she remits to your great wisdoms, and that after his decease, all the time of her being in the said sainctuary, she hath duly kept her fidelity and liegeance, and obeyed the king's commandments. Howbeity it hath pleased the king's highness, by some sinister information to his said highness made, to direct his most dread letters to the abbot of the monastery of Beaulieu, with right sharp commandment that such persons as his highness sent to the said monastery should have guard and strait keeping of her person, which was and is to her great heart's grievance, she specially fearing that the privileges and liberties of the church, by such keeping of her person, might be interrupted and violated, where the privileges of the said sanctuary were never so largely attempted unto this time, as is said; yet the said Anne and Countess, under protestations by her made, hath suffered strait keeping of her person and yet doth, that her fidelity and liegeance to the king's highness the better might be understood, hoping she might the rather have had largess to make suits to the king's highness in her own person for her livelihood and rightful inheritance, which livelihood and inheritance, with all revenues and profits thereto pertaining, with her jointure also, and dower of the earldom of Salisbury, fully and wholly hath been restrained from her, from the time of the death of her said lord and husband unto this day. And forasmuch as our sovereign lord the king of his great grace hath set and assembled his high court of Parliament for reformations, right, and equity to all his subjects and liege people duly to be ministered, the said Anne and Countess humbly beseecheth your great wisdom to ponder and weigh in your consciences her right and true title of her inheritance, as the earldom of Warwick and Spencer's lands, to which she is rightfully born by lineal succession, and also her jointure and dower of the earldom of Salisbury aforesaid. And to shew her your benevolence, that by the king's good grace and authority of this his noble Parliament she may to her foresaid livelihood and rightful inheritance duly be restored and it enjoy, as the laws of Almighty God and of this noble realm, right, also, and conscience doth require; beseeching heartily your great goodnesses, in the reverence of Almighty God and of his most blessed mother, will of grace to consider the poor estate she stands in, how in her own person she may not solicit the premises as she would, an she might, nor is of power any sufficient solicitor in this behalf to make; and though she might, as (she; may not, there is none that dare take it upon him; to have also this poor bill in your tender remembrance, that your perfect charity and good will may solicit the eflFect of the same, which to do, her power at this time may not extend. And shall pray and do pray to God for you.

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In 1472 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (22) was created 1st Earl Salisbury 3C 1472.

On 15 Feb 1478 Edward York Prince of Wales 1473-1484 (4) was created 1st Earl Salisbury 4C 1478.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 15 Feb 1478. 15 Feb 1478. Charter to the king's nephew Edward Plantagenet (4), first-born son of the said duke (25), creating him earl of Salisbury, with remainder to the heirs of his body, and granting to him and his said heirs 20l. yearly from the issues of the county of Wilts. Witnesses:—Th. cardinal archbishop of Canterbury (60), L. archbishop of York (58), Th. bishop of Lincoln (54), the chancellor, J. bishop of Rochester, keeper of the privy seal, Richard, duke of Gloucester (25), Henry, duke of Buckingham (23), Henry, earl of Essex (74), treasurer of England, Anthony earl of Ryvers (38), chief butler of England, and Thomas Stanley of Stanley (43), steward of the household, and William Hastynges of Hastynges (47), chamberlain of the household, knights. By p.s.

1497 Cornish Rebellion

Around Apr 1497 Cornish rose in rebellion against taxes being raised by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (40) to support his wars against Scotland and against changes to the operation and privileges of the Cornish tin mining industry. The rebel army of 15,000 sought to replace Henry's ministers who they saw as responsible for the taxation: Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (77) and Reginald Bray 1440-1503 (57), the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. The army travelled from Cornwall through Devon and Somerset attempting, unsuccessfully, to recruit more men. At Wells they were joined by James Tuchet 7th Baron Audley Heighley 1463-1497 (34) who took on command. The rebel army then travelled through Salisbury and Winchester.
When Henry became aware of the rebel army he diverted his main army led by Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (45) to meet the rebels. Daubeny's army camped at Hounslow Heath on 13 Jun 1497.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In 1512 Margaret York Countess Salisbury 1473-1541 (38) succeeded 8th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337.

Around 1535 Unknown Painter. Portrait of unknown woman thought to be Margaret York Countess Salisbury 1473-1541. She holding a wine butt on a thread between her fingers which may refer to her father's death.

In 1515 Robert Keilway 1483-1537 (32) was elected Mayor of Salisbury.

On 06 May 1523 Robert Keilway 1483-1537 (40) was elected MP Salisbury.

In 1547 John Thynne 1515-1580 (32) was elected MP Salisbury.

On 16 Mar 1557 Charles Stourton 8th Baron Stourton 1520-1557 (37) and four of his servants were executed at Salisbury for the murder of William Hartgill -1557 and John Hartgill -1557.

In 1571 John Eyre 1525-1581 (46) was elected MP Salisbury.

In 1592 Alexander Hyde Bishop 1592-1667 was born to Lawrence Hyde Attorney General 1562-1641 (30) at Salisbury.

In 1600 Thomas Chiffinch Keeper of the King's Closet 1600-1666 was born to Unknown Chiffinch in Salisbury.

Before 08 Apr 1666 Attributed to Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Thomas Chiffinch Keeper of the King's Closet 1600-1666.

In 1605 Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (41) was created 1st Earl Salisbury 5C 1605.

Around 1602 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612.

On 24 May 1612 Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (48) died at Marlborough. His son William Cecil 2nd Earl Salisbury 1591-1668 (21) succeeded 2nd Earl Salisbury 5C 1605. Catherine Howard Countess Salisbury by marriage Countess Salisbury.

In 1628 Roger Palmer 1577-1657 (51) was elected MP Salisbury.

John Evelyn's Diary 20 July 1654. 20 Jul 1654. We proceeded to Salisbury; the cathedral I take to be the most complete piece of Gothic work in Europe, taken in all its uniformity. The Pillars, reputed to be cast, are of stone manifestly cut out of the quarry; most observable are those in the chapter house. There are some remarkable. Monuments, particularly the ancient Bishops, founders of the Church, Knights Templars, the Marquis of Hertford's, the cloisters of the palace and garden, and the great mural dial.
In the afternoon we went to Wilton, a fine house of the Earl of Pembroke, in which the most observable are the dining room in the modern-built part toward the garden, richly gilded and painted with story, by De Crete; also some other apartments, as that of hunting landscapes, by Pierce; some magnificent chimney-pieces, after the best French manner; a pair of artificial winding stairs of stone, and divers rare pictures. The garden, heretofore esteemed the noblest in England, is a large handsome plain, with a grotto and waterworks, which might be made much more pleasant, were the river that passes through cleansed and raised; for all is effected by a mere force. It has a flower garden, not inelegant. But, after all, that which renders the seat delightful is, its being so near the downs and noble plains about the country contiguous to it. The stables are well ordered and yield a graceful front, by reason of the walks of lime trees, with the court and fountain of the stables adorned with the Cæsars' heads.
We returned this evening by the plain, and fourteen-mile race, where out of my lord's hare warren we were entertained with a long course of a hare for near two miles in sight. Near this, is a pergola, or stand, built to view the sports; and so we came to Salisbury, and saw the most considerable parts of the city. The market place, with most of the streets, are watered by a quick current and pure stream running through the middle of them, but are negligently kept, when with a small charge they might be purged and rendered infinitely agreeable, and this made one of the sweetest towns, but now the common buildings are despicable, and the streets dirty.

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In Nov 1661 Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716 (34) was elected MP Salisbury.

Before 1725. John James Baker Painter -1725. Portrait of Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716.

Great Plague of London

In Jul 1665 Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (35) travelled to Salisbury during the Great Plague of London.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II

Calendar of State Papers Charles II 1665 08 Aug 1665. 08 Aug 1665. Salisbury. 63. Draft of the above. The King to the Farmers of tin. Having determined to raise money beyond seas by sale of tin, has authorized the Duke of Albemarle (56) and Sir George Carteret (55) to treat with them for sale or deposit of 500 tons, on good security for their forbearance. The occasion being pressing, admits of no return nor reply. [£nt. Book 17, p. 124.]

Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670.Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes.

Calendar of State Papers Charles II 1665 08 Aug 1665. 08 Aug 1665. Salisbury. 65. The King (35) to the Lord General (56) and Sir George Carteret (55). Authorizes them to treat with the farmers of tin for the sale or deposit for a year of 500 tons of tin, to be sent to Flanders and sold to meet the second payment which Alderman Backwell (47) has to make there. They are to agree with the farmers as best they can, giving tallies on the Royal aid to secure repayment, to conclude the contract at once, the pressing importance of the service admitting no delay, and to have vessels and convoys ready to transmit the tin to Ostend. [Ent. Book 17, p. 125.]

Calendar of State Papers Charles II 1665 08 Aug 1665. 08 Aug 1665. Salisbury. The King (35) to the Lord General (56). Alderman Backwell (47) being in great straits for the second payment he has to make for the service in Flanders, as much tin is to be transmitted to him as will raise the sum. Has authorized him and Sir George Carteret (55) to treat with the tin farmers for 500 tons of tin to be speedily transported under good convoy; but if on consulting with Alderman Backwell (47), this plan of the tin seems insufficient, then without further difficulty, he is to dispose for that purpose of the £10,000. assigned for pay of the Guards, not doubting that before that comes due, other ways will be found for supplying it; the payment in Flanders is of such importance that some means must be found of providing for it. [Ent. Book 17, pp. 122-3.]

Great Plague of London

Diary of Samuel Pepys 12 August 1665. 12 Aug 1665. The people die so, that now it seems they are fain to carry the dead to be buried by day-light, the nights not sufficing to do it in.
And my Lord Mayor commands people to be within at nine at night all, as they say, that the sick may have liberty to go abroad for ayre. There is one also dead out of one of our ships at Deptford, which troubles us mightily; the Providence fire-ship, which was just fitted to go to sea. But they tell me to-day no more sick on board. And this day W. Bodham tells me that one is dead at Woolwich, not far from the Rope-yard. I am told, too, that a wife of one of the groomes at Court is dead at Salsbury; so that the King (35) and Queene (55) are speedily to be all gone to Milton. God preserve us!
Note 1. I had my way with his daughter.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 10 June 1668. 10 Jun 1668. Wednesday. Up, and walked to the Hospitall: [Christ's Hospital] very large and fine; and pictures of founders, and the History' of the Hospitall; and is said to be worth; £700 per annum; and that Mr. Foly was here lately to see how their lands were settled; and here, in old English, the story of the occasion of it, and a rebus at the bottom. So did give the poor, which they would not take but in their box, 2s. 6d.
So to the inn, and paid the reckoning and what not, 13s. So forth towards Hungerford, led this good way by our landlord, one Heart, an old but very civil and well-spoken man, more than I ever heard, of his quality. He gone, we forward; and I vexed at my people's not minding the way. So come to Hungerford, where very good trouts, eels, and crayfish. Dinner: a mean town. At dinner there, 12s.
Thence set out with a guide, who saw us to Newmarket-heath, and then left us, 3s. 6d. So all over the Plain by the sight of the steeple, the Plain high and low, to Salisbury, by night; but before I come to the town, I saw a great fortification, and there 'light, and to it and in it; and find it prodigious, so as to frighten me to be in it all alone at that time of night, it being dark. I understand, since, it to be that, that is called Old Sarum. Come to the George Inne, where lay in a silk bed; and very good diet. To supper; then to bed.

On 03 Dec 1668 William Cecil 2nd Earl Salisbury 1591-1668 (77) died. His grandson James Cecil 3rd Earl Salisbury 1648-1683 (20) succeeded 3rd Earl Salisbury 5C 1605. Margaret Manners Countess Salisbury -1682 by marriage Countess Salisbury.

In Jun 1683 James Cecil 3rd Earl Salisbury 1648-1683 (35) died. His son James Cecil 4th Earl Salisbury 1666-1694 (17) succeeded 4th Earl Salisbury 5C 1605.

On 13 Jul 1683 James Cecil 4th Earl Salisbury 1666-1694 (17) and Frances Bennett Countess Salisbury 1670-1713 (12) were married. She by marriage Countess Salisbury. Her father had left his daughters £20,000 in his will, subject to their not marrying before the age of sixteen or without the consent of those he named, with the proviso that the legacy of a daughter doing so was to be reduced to £10,000. Frances Bennett married Salisbury before she was sixteen, but with the consent of the Executors to the will, and this later led to litigation.

In 1685 Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716 (57) was elected MP Salisbury.

On 07 Mar 1685 Giles Hungerford 1614-1685 (70) died at Coulston. He was buried in Salisbury.

Glorious Revolution

John Evelyn's Diary 18 November 1688. 18 Nov 1688. It was now a very hard frost. The King (55) goes to Salisbury to rendezvous the army, and return to London. Lord Delamere (36) appears for the Prince (38) in Cheshire. The nobility meet in Yorkshire. The Archbishop of Canterbury (71) and some Bishops, and such Peers as were in London, address his Majesty (55) to call a Parliament. The King (55) invites all foreign nations to come over. The French take all the Palatinate, and alarm the Germans more than ever.

In 1694 James Cecil 4th Earl Salisbury 1666-1694 (28) died. His son James Cecil 5th Earl Salisbury 1691-1728 (2) succeeded 5th Earl Salisbury 5C 1605. Anne Tufton Countess Exeter -1757 by marriage Countess Exeter.

On 21 Apr 1696 Daubigny Turberville 1612-1696 (84) died at Salisbury. He was buried at Salisbury Cathedral.

In 1734 Henry Hoare "The Magnificient" 1705-1785 (29) was elected MP Salisbury.

In 1741 Jacob Bouverie 1st Viscount Folkestone 1694-1761 (46) was elected MP Salisbury.

On 21 Apr 1746 James Harris 1st Earl Malmesbury 1746-1820 was born to James Harris 1709-1780 (36) and Elizabeth Clarke and Elizabeth Clarke at Salisbury.

In 1747 Jacob Bouverie 1st Viscount Folkestone 1694-1761 (52) was elected MP Salisbury.

On 19 Sep 1780 James "Wicked Earl" Cecil 1713-1780 (66) died. His son James Cecil 1st Marquess Salisbury 1748-1823 (32) succeeded 6th Earl Salisbury 5C 1605. Mary Amelia Hill Marchioness Salisbury 1750-1835 (30) by marriage Countess Salisbury.

In 1789 James Cecil 1st Marquess Salisbury 1748-1823 (40) was created 1st Marquess Salisbury in Wiltshire. Mary Amelia Hill Marchioness Salisbury 1750-1835 (38) by marriage Marchioness Salisbury in Wiltshire.

In 1802 William Pleydell-Bouverie 3rd Earl Radnor 1779-1869 (22) was elected MP Salisbury.

On 13 Jun 1823 James Cecil 1st Marquess Salisbury 1748-1823 (74) died. His son James Brownlow William Gascoyne Cecil 2nd Marquess Salisbury 1791-1868 (32) succeeded 2nd Marquess Salisbury in Wiltshire. Frances Mary Gascoyne Marchioness Salisbury 1806-1839 (17) by marriage Marchioness Salisbury in Wiltshire.

In 1828 Duncombe Pleydell-Bouverie 1780-1850 (47) was elected MP Salisbury.

In 1833 Duncombe Pleydell-Bouverie 1780-1850 (52) was elected MP Salisbury.

On 29 Apr 1847 James Brownlow William Gascoyne Cecil 2nd Marquess Salisbury 1791-1868 (56) and Mary Catherine Sackville West Marchioness Salisbury 1824-1900 (22) were married. She by marriage Marchioness Salisbury in Wiltshire.

On 12 Apr 1868 James Brownlow William Gascoyne Cecil 2nd Marquess Salisbury 1791-1868 (76) died. His son Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil 3rd Marquess Salisbury 1830-1903 (38) succeeded 3rd Marquess Salisbury in Wiltshire.

Aronud 1891. John Everett Millais Painter Baronet 1829-1896. Portrait of Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil 3rd Marquess Salisbury 1830-19031911 to 1912. Hubert Von Herkommer Painter 1849-1914. Portrait of Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil 3rd Marquess Salisbury 1830-1903.

On 22 Aug 1903 Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil 3rd Marquess Salisbury 1830-1903 (73) died. His son James Gascoyne Cecil 4th Marquess Salisbury 1861-1947 (41) succeeded 4th Marquess Salisbury in Wiltshire. Cicely Anne Gore Marchioness Salisbury 1867-1955 (36) by marriage Marchioness Salisbury in Wiltshire.

On 04 Apr 1947 James Gascoyne Cecil 4th Marquess Salisbury 1861-1947 (85) died. His son Robert Arthur James Gascoyne Cecil 5th Marquess Salisbury 1893-1972 (53) succeeded 5th Marquess Salisbury in Wiltshire. Elizabeth Vere Cavendish Marchioness Salisbury 1895-1982 (52) by marriage Marchioness Salisbury in Wiltshire.

Before 1927. Ambrose McEvoy Painter 1877-1927. Portrait of Elizabeth Vere Cavendish Marchioness Salisbury 1895-1982.

Great Plague of London

Diary of Samuel Pepys 27 July 1665. When I come to Hampton Court I find Sir T. Ingram and Creed ready with papers signed for the putting of Mr. Gawden in, upon a resignation signed to by Lanyon and sent to Sir Thos. Ingram. At this I was surprized but yet was glad, and so it passed but with respect enough to those that are in, at least without any thing ill taken from it. I got another order signed about the boats, which I think I shall get something by.
So dispatched all my business, having assurance of continuance of all hearty love from Sir W. Coventry, and so we staid and saw the King and Queene set out toward Salisbury, and after them the Duke and Duchesse, whose hands I did kiss. And it was the first time I did ever, or did see any body else, kiss her hand, and it was a most fine white and fat hand. But it was pretty to see the young pretty ladies dressed like men, in velvet coats, caps with ribbands, and with laced bands, just like men. Only the Duchesse herself it did not become.
They gone, we with great content took coach again, and hungry come to Clapham about one o'clock, and Creed there too before us, where a good dinner, the house having dined, and so to walk up and down in the gardens, mighty pleasant.
By and by comes by promise to me Sir G. Carteret, and viewed the house above and below, and sat and drank there, and I had a little opportunity to kiss and spend some time with the ladies above, his daughter, a buxom lass, and his sister Fissant, a serious lady, and a little daughter of hers, that begins to sing prettily.
Thence, with mighty pleasure, with Sir G. Carteret by coach, with great discourse of kindnesse with him to my Lord Sandwich, and to me also; and I every day see more good by the alliance.
Almost at Deptford I 'light and walked over to Half-way House, and so home, in my way being shown my cozen Patience's house, which seems, at distance, a pretty house.
At home met the weekly Bill, where above 1000 encreased in the Bill, and of them, in all about 1,700 of the plague, which hath made the officers this day resolve of sitting at Deptford, which puts me to some consideration what to do.
Therefore home to think and consider of every thing about it, and without determining any thing eat a little supper and to bed, full of the pleasure of these 6 or 7 last days.

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Cathedral Close Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire

Arundells House Cathedral Close Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire

After 1603 Richard Montpesson -1627 retired to Salisbury where he largely rebuilt the house known as Arundells House Cathedral Close Salisbury Cathedral.

Salisbury Museum, Cathedral Close Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire

2300BC. Amesbury Archer is the remains of a man aged around forty at the time of his death from the Alps who was buried in Amesbury around 2300BC discovered in May 2002 during the development of new housing. He is named 'The Archer' as a consequence of the large number of arrowheads found with him. His grave contained the largest number of artefacts of any grave of a similar period including the earliest known gold objects in England, five Beaker Funeray Pots, three tiny copper knives, sixteen barbed flint arrowheads, a kit of flint-knapping, metalworking tools including cushion stones and some boar tusks. On his forearm was a black stone wrist guard. A similar red wrist guard was by his knees with a shale belt ring and a pair of gold hair ornaments, the oldest gold objects found in England. An eroded hole in his jaw showed that he had suffered from an abscess, and his missing left kneecap suggests that he had an injury that left him with a painful lingering bone infection. His remains are on display in the Salisbury Museum.

2300BC. Boscombe Bowmen is the remains of a shared burial of around 2300BC found at Boscombe Down Amesbury. The grave contained seven burials: three children, a teenager and three men. The teenager and men appear to have been related. The eldest man was buried in a crouched position with the bones of the others scattered around him, and their skulls resting at his feet. Several flint arrowheads, a boar tusk, flint tools and eight Beakler Ware vessels were found found with the remains. Lead isotope analysis indicates the men grew up in South Wales or the Lake District. The remains are on display at Salisbury Museum.

2300BC. Stonehenge Archer is remains of a man aged around thirty at his death who died around 2300BC found in the Outer Ditch of Stonehenge. With his remains were a stone wrist guard and a number of flint arrowheads. several of the arrowheads' tips were located in the skeleton's bones, suggesting that the man had been killed by them. His remains were excavated by Richard J C Atkinson Archaeologist 1920-1994 and Professor John G Evans Archaeologist 1941-2005 (36) in 1978 and are now in display in Salisbury Museum.

Bishop's Palace Salisbury Cathedral, Cathedral Close Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire

On 02 Aug 1618 William Cavendish 1st Earl Devonshire 1552-1626 (65) was created 1st Earl Devonshire at Bishop's Palace Salisbury Cathedral. Elizabeth Boughton Countess Devonshire 1568-1642 (50) by marriage Countess Devonshire.

On 26 Oct 1718 Joseph Butler Bishop 1692-1792 (26) was ordained a deacon by William Talbot Bishop 1658-1730 (60) in the Bishop's Palace Salisbury Cathedral.

Malmesbury House, Cathedral Close Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire

On 22 Dec 1780 James Harris 1709-1780 (71) died at Malmesbury House. On 28 Dec 1780 he was buried at Salisbury Cathedral. There is a memorial in the South Transept.

George Inn, Salisbury, Wiltshire

Diary of Samuel Pepys 10 June 1668. 10 Jun 1668. Wednesday. Up, and walked to the Hospitall: [Christ's Hospital] very large and fine; and pictures of founders, and the History' of the Hospitall; and is said to be worth; £700 per annum; and that Mr. Foly was here lately to see how their lands were settled; and here, in old English, the story of the occasion of it, and a rebus at the bottom. So did give the poor, which they would not take but in their box, 2s. 6d.
So to the inn, and paid the reckoning and what not, 13s. So forth towards Hungerford, led this good way by our landlord, one Heart, an old but very civil and well-spoken man, more than I ever heard, of his quality. He gone, we forward; and I vexed at my people's not minding the way. So come to Hungerford, where very good trouts, eels, and crayfish. Dinner: a mean town. At dinner there, 12s.
Thence set out with a guide, who saw us to Newmarket-heath, and then left us, 3s. 6d. So all over the Plain by the sight of the steeple, the Plain high and low, to Salisbury, by night; but before I come to the town, I saw a great fortification, and there 'light, and to it and in it; and find it prodigious, so as to frighten me to be in it all alone at that time of night, it being dark. I understand, since, it to be that, that is called Old Sarum. Come to the George Inne, where lay in a silk bed; and very good diet. To supper; then to bed.

Old Sarum, Salisbury, Wiltshire

Fosse Way 5b Ilchester to Bath. From Lindinis aka Ilchester the Fosse Way crosses the River Yeo at Northover, then travels just west of the Podimore Roundabout, to Wraxall where there is a slight deviation to climb Wraxall Hill, and then descend Pye Hill. Then through Cannard's Grave to Beacon's Hill where the Fosse Way is crossed by the Sorviodunum aka Old Sarum to Charterhouse Roman Road. Then through Stratton-on-the-Fosse, Midsomer Norton, Clandown, Peasdown, Dunkerton Bottom, Wellsway, Holloway to the Roman Bridge over the River Avon into Aquae Sulis aka Bath.

Salisbury Castle, Wiltshire

On 07 Mar 1226 William "Longsword" Longespee 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 (50) was fatally poisoned by Hubert Burgh Count Mortain 1st Earl Kent 1170-1243 (56) at Salisbury Castle. Salisbury Cathedral.

Salisbury Cathedral

Salisbury Marketplace, Wiltshire

Execution of Warwick's Supporters

On 17 Jan 1469 Warwick's supporters were executed in Salisbury Marketplace in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26):
Thomas Hungerford -1469 was beheaded. His father Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 (38) had been executed five years previously after the Battle of Hexham.
Henry Courtenay -1469 was beheaded.

Buckingham's Rebellion

On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (29) was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion. His son Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (5) succeeded 8th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 9th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.

Salisbury Execution of Protestant Martyrs

On 24 Mar 1556 Protestant Martyrs Willam Coberley, John Maundrel and John Spicer were burned at the stake in Salisbury Marketplace.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1557. 06 Mar 1557. The sam day was hangyd at Salysbere in the markett plasse the lord Sturtun (37) for the deth of old master Argylle and yong Argyll ys sune; the wyche they wher shamfully murdered by the lord, and dyvers of ys servandes; the wyche he mad grett lamentasyon at ys deth for that wyllfull ded that was done, and sayd as he was on the ladder (unfinished).

Sarum, Salisbury, Wiltshire

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1003. This year was Exeter demolished, through the French churl Hugh, whom the lady had appointed her steward there. And the army destroyed the town withal, and took there much spoil. In the same year came the army up into Wiltshire. Then was collected a very great force, from Wiltshire and from Hampshire; which was soon ready on their march against the enemy: and Alderman Elfric should have led them on; but he brought forth his old tricks, and as soon as they were so near, that either army looked on the other, then he pretended sickness, and began to retch, saying he was sick; and so betrayed the people that he should have led: as it is said, "When the leader is sick the whole army is hindered." When Sweyne saw that they were not ready, and that they all retreated, then led he his army into Wilton; and they plundered and burned the town. Then went he to Sarum; and thence back to the sea, where he knew his ships were.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 10 June 1668. 10 Jun 1668. Wednesday. Up, and walked to the Hospitall: [Christ's Hospital] very large and fine; and pictures of founders, and the History' of the Hospitall; and is said to be worth; £700 per annum; and that Mr. Foly was here lately to see how their lands were settled; and here, in old English, the story of the occasion of it, and a rebus at the bottom. So did give the poor, which they would not take but in their box, 2s. 6d.
So to the inn, and paid the reckoning and what not, 13s. So forth towards Hungerford, led this good way by our landlord, one Heart, an old but very civil and well-spoken man, more than I ever heard, of his quality. He gone, we forward; and I vexed at my people's not minding the way. So come to Hungerford, where very good trouts, eels, and crayfish. Dinner: a mean town. At dinner there, 12s.
Thence set out with a guide, who saw us to Newmarket-heath, and then left us, 3s. 6d. So all over the Plain by the sight of the steeple, the Plain high and low, to Salisbury, by night; but before I come to the town, I saw a great fortification, and there 'light, and to it and in it; and find it prodigious, so as to frighten me to be in it all alone at that time of night, it being dark. I understand, since, it to be that, that is called Old Sarum. Come to the George Inne, where lay in a silk bed; and very good diet. To supper; then to bed.

Trafalgar House Salisbury, Wiltshire

On 08 May 1904 Mary Jane Agar Countess Nelson 1822-1904 (81) died at Trafalgar House Salisbury.