History of Scarborough

1312 Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle

1557 Scarborough Castle Rebellion

1665 Battle of Lowestoft

1914 Raid on Scarborough Hartlepool and Whitby

Scarborough is in North Yorkshire.

Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle

On 04 May 1312 King Edward II of England (28) and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) were at Newcastle on Tyne Castle where they barely escaped a force led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (34), Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (39) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (38). Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) escaped to Scarborough, King Edward II of England (28) to York.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1462. 20 Aug 1462. Westminster Palace. Grant for life to Thomas Witham (42), from Michaelmas last, for his good service to the king and his father Richard, late duke of York, of 20l. yearly from the fee farm of the town of Scardeburgh and the manor of Walgrave and from 60 acres of land and the issues of the town.

Scarborough Castle Rebellion

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1557. Apr 1557. The (blank) day of Aprell suffered dethe in [several] plases in the Northe for entrying in-to Sk[arborough] castyll, (for) the wyche at London master Thomas [Stafford] (24) was heddyd on Towre hylle; and at Tyborne John Procter aleas Wylliamsun, Wyllyam Stowe, John Bradford, and more in dyvers plases; [in York]shyre, John Wylborne, Clement Tyllyd, John Cawsewelle, and Robart Hunter, at York, [by the] dethe of hangyng, drahyns, and quarter[ing].

Item, at Skarborow suffered dethe master Thomas Sp .., John Adames, John Wattsun, skott, John .. a frencheman.

At Hulle, John Browne, Owyn Jones, suffered.

At Beverley, Hary Gardener and John Thomas suffered.

At Whyttby, Thomas Warden and John Deyctam, skott.

Att Malton [Note. Assumed to be Melton since in the East Riding like the other places mentioned rather than Mlaton in the North Riding.], Wyllyam Palmer, John Mortfurth, scott.

Att Flamborow, at Assyley, Thomas Wylkynsun.

At Byrlyngton, John Wallys.

At Awdborowre, Antony Persevall.

At Hornesey, Wylliam Wyllamsun.

At Pawlle in Holdernes, Roger Thomas.

At Hassylle, Roger Raynoldes.

At Alefax, Lawransse Alssope.

At Donkester, in Yorkeshyre, Thomas Jordayn.

At Howden, John Grey, skotte.

At Wakefeld, Robert Hawgatt, skott; and all thes for enteryng in Skarborow castylle.

.... es Stanley, of Le, in Essex.

Thomas Thorley, of Prykkyllwell, in Essex.

Hare Ramsey, of Amwell, in conte of Harford.

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On 25 Apr 1557 Thomas Stafford 1533-1557 (24) landed at Scarborough.

Battle of Lowestoft

On 25 Jun 1665 Admiral John Lawson 1615-1665 (50) died in Scarborough from wounds received at the Battle of Lowestoft. He was buried at St Dunstan's in the East Parish.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Admiral John Lawson 1615-1665. One of the Flagmen of Lowestoft.

On 03 Dec 1830 Frederick Leighton Painter 1830-1896 was born to Dr Frederic Septimus Leighton 1799-1892 (31) at Scarborough.

Around 1860. Frederick Leighton Painter 1830-1896. Portrait of Dr Frederic Septimus Leighton 1799-1892, the artist's father.

On 07 Sep 1887 Edith Sitwell Poet 1887-1964 was born to George Reresby Sitwell 4th Baronet Sitwell 1860-1943 (27) and Ida Emily Augusta Denison Lady Sitwell 1868-1937 (19) in Scarborough.

1915. Roger Fry Painter 1866-1934. Portrait of Edith Sitwell Poet 1887-1964. 1918. Roger Fry Painter 1866-1934. Portrait of Edith Sitwell Poet 1887-1964. Around 1900. John Singer Sargent Painter 1856-1925. Portrait of the Sitwell Family including, left to right, Edith Sitwell Poet 1887-1964, George Sitwell 2nd Baronet Sitwell 1797-1853, Ida Emily Augusta Denison Lady Sitwell 1868-1937, Sacheverell Reresby Sitwell 6th Baronet Sitwell 1897-1988 and Francis Osbert Sacheverell Sitwell 5th Baronet Sitwell 1892-1969. Around 1900. John Singer Sargent Painter 1856-1925. Portrait of the Sitwell Family including, left to right, Edith Sitwell Poet 1887-1964, George Sitwell 2nd Baronet Sitwell 1797-1853, Ida Emily Augusta Denison Lady Sitwell 1868-1937, Sacheverell Reresby Sitwell 6th Baronet Sitwell 1897-1988 and Francis Osbert Sacheverell Sitwell 5th Baronet Sitwell 1892-1969.

On 15 Nov 1897 Sacheverell Reresby Sitwell 6th Baronet Sitwell 1897-1988 was born to George Reresby Sitwell 4th Baronet Sitwell 1860-1943 (37) and Ida Emily Augusta Denison Lady Sitwell 1868-1937 (29) in Scarborough.

Around 1900. John Singer Sargent Painter 1856-1925. Portrait of the Sitwell Family including, left to right, Edith Sitwell Poet 1887-1964, George Sitwell 2nd Baronet Sitwell 1797-1853, Ida Emily Augusta Denison Lady Sitwell 1868-1937, Sacheverell Reresby Sitwell 6th Baronet Sitwell 1897-1988 and Francis Osbert Sacheverell Sitwell 5th Baronet Sitwell 1892-1969.

Raid on Scarborough Hartlepool and Whitby

On 16 Dec 1914 the German Navy bombarded Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby. Around 137 were killed, around 600 injured.

Hackness, Scarborough, North Yorkshire

On or before 23 Mar 1817 Matthew Noble Sculptor 1817-1876 was born to Robert Noble at Hackness. He was baptised on 23 Mar 1817 at Hackness.

Londesborough Lodge Scarborough, North Yorkshire

On 01 Dec 1871 George Philip Cecil Arthur Stanhope 7th Earl Chesterfield 1831-1871 (40) died of typhoid unmarried. George Philip Stanhope 8th Earl Chesterfield 1822-1883 (49) succeeded 8th Earl Chesterfield, 8th Baron Stanhope of Shelford in Nottinghamshire. He had been staying at Londesborough Lodge Scarborough with the Prince of Wales (30) who also contracted typhoid but survived.

1901. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927. Coronation Portrait of King Edward VII. 1911. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927. Drawing of King Edward VII on his deathbed. Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales.

Scarborough Castle