History of Shrewsbury

1403 Battle of Shrewsbury

1551 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Shrewsbury is in Shropshire.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1016. This year came King Knute (21) with a marine force of one hundred and sixty ships, and Alderman Edric with him, over the Thames into Mercia at Cricklade; whence they proceeded to Warwickshire, during the middle of the winter, and plundered therein, and burned, and slew all they met. Then began Edmund the etheling (26) to gather an army, which, when it was collected, could avail him nothing, unless the king (50) were there and they had the assistance of the citizens of London. The expedition therefore was frustrated, and each man betook himself home. After this, an army was again ordered, under full penalties, that every person, however distant, should go forth; and they sent to the king (50) in London, and besought him to come to meet the army with the aid that he could collect. When they were all assembled, it succeeded nothing better than it often did before; and, when it was told the king, that those persons would betray him who ought to assist him, then forsook he the army, and returned again to London. Then rode Edmund the etheling (26) to Earl Utred in Northumbria; and every man supposed that they would collect an army King Knute (21); but they went into Stafforddhire, and to Shrewsbury, and to Chester; and they plundered on their parts, and Knute (21) on his. He went out through Buckinghamshire to Bedfordshire; thence to Huntingdonshire, and so into Northamptonshire along the fens to Stamford. Thence into Lincolnshire. Thence to Nottinghamshire; and so into Northumbria toward York. When Utred understood this, he ceased from plundering, and hastened northward, and submitted for need, and all the Northumbrians with him; but, though he gave hostages, he was nevertheless slain by the advice of Alderman Edric, and Thurkytel, the son of Nafan, with him. After this, King Knute (21) appointed Eric earl over Northumbria, as Utred was; and then went southward another way, all by west, till the whole army came, before Easter, to the ships. Meantime Edmund Etheling (26) went to London to his father (50): and after Easter went King Knute (21) with all his ships toward London; but it happened that King Ethelred (50) died ere the ships came. He ended his days on St. George's day; having held his kingdom in much tribulation and difficulty as long as his life continued.

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In 1240 Phillip Burnell 1240-1297 was born to Hugh Burnell 1195-1242 (45) at Shrewsbury.

On 22 Jun 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffudd Aberffraw Prince of Wales 1238-1283 (44) and Owain ap Dafydd Aberffraw 1275-1325 (8) were captured at Nanhysglain Bangor. Dafydd (44), seriously wounded in the struggle, was brought to King Edward's (44) camp at Rhuddlan that same night. Dafydd (44) was taken from here to Chester and then on to Shrewsbury. Dafydd (44) and Dafydd's wife Elizabeth de Ferrers (67), their daughter Gwladys, infant niece Gwenllian ferch Llywelyn (1), and Dafydd's six illegitimate daughters were also taken prisoner at the same time.

On 03 Oct 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffudd Aberffraw Prince of Wales 1238-1283 (45) was hanged, drawn and quartered at Shrewsbury. The first prominent person known to have suffered being hanged, drawn and quartered. Dafydd (45) was dragged through the streets of Shrewsbury attached to a horse's tail, then hanged alive, revived, then disembowelled and his entrails burned before him for "his sacrilege in committing his crimes in the week of Christ's passion", and then his body cut into four-quarters "for plotting the king's death". Geoffrey of Shrewsbury was paid 20 shillings for carrying out the act.

Before 17 Nov 1326 Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 was captured by John Charleton 1st Baron Cherleton 1268-1353 at Shrewsbury.

Around 1362 Thomas Percy 1362-1387 was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (20) and Margaret Neville 1329-1372 (32) at Shrewsbury. He a great x 3 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

On 19 Jan 1383 Nicholas Burnell 1st Baron Burnell 1326-1383 (57) died at Shrewsbury. His son Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell 1347-1420 (36) succeeded 2nd Baron Burnell. Philippa Pole Baroness Burnell 1356-1386 (27) by marriage Baroness Burnell.

On 31 Aug 1401 Nicholas III Longford 1351-1401 (50) died at Shrewsbury.

In 1445 Anne Talbot 1445-1494 was born to John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (27) and Elizabeth Butler Countess Shrewsbury Countess Waterford 1424-1473 (21) at Shrewsbury.

On 08 Sep 1473 Elizabeth Butler Countess Shrewsbury Countess Waterford 1424-1473 (49) died at Shrewsbury.

On 17 May 1494 Anne Talbot 1445-1494 (49) died at Shrewsbury. She was buried at St Bartholemew's Church Tong.

1551 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

John Stow's Annales of England 1551. 15 Apr 1551. The 15. of April, the infections sweating sicknesse began at Shrewsbury, —— which ended not in the North part of England untill the ende of September. "In this space what number died, it cannot be well accompted, but certaine it is that in London in fewe daies 960. gave up the ghost: if began in London the 9. of July, and the 12. of July it was most vehement, which was so terrible, that people being in best health, were sodainly taken, and dead in foure and twenty houres, and twelve, or lesse, for lacke of skill in guiding them in their sweat. And it is to be noted, that this mortalitie fell chiefely or rather on men, and those also of the best age, as betweene thirty and forty yeares, fewe women, nor children, nor olde men died thereof. Sleeping in the beginning was present death, for tf they were suffered to sleepe but half a quarter of an houre, they never spake after, nor had any knowledge, but when they wakened fell into panges of death. This was a terrible time in London, for many one lost sodainly his friends, by the sweat, and their money by the proclamation. Seaven honest householders did sup together, and before eight of the clocke in the next morning, for them were dead: they that were taken with full stomacks escaped hardly . This sickenesse followed English men as well within the realme, as in strange countries: wherefore this nation was much afeard of it, and for the time began to repent and remember God but as the disease relented, the devotion deceased. The first weeke died in London 800 persons.

On 04 Nov 1604 William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630 (24) and Mary Talbot Countess Pembroke 1594-1649 (10) were married at Shrewsbury. She by marriage Countess Pembroke 10C 1551.

Before 1630 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630.

On 20 Jan 1854 Robert Henry Herbert 1789-1854 (65) died at Shrewsbury. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Bromfield Ludlow.

The River Severn rises on Plynlimon after which it passes Llanidloes, Caersws, Welshpool, Crew Green, Shrawardine, Shrewsbury, Wroxeter, Bridgnorth, Bewdley, Stourport-on-Severn, Worcester, Tewkesbury, Gloucester becoming the Severn Estuary around Thornwell.

Acton Burnell Shrewsbury, Shropshire

Around 1190 William Burnell 1190-1247 was born to William Burnell 1172-1220 (18) at Acton Burnell Shrewsbury.

Around 1247 William Burnell 1190-1247 (57) died at Acton Burnell Shrewsbury.

Around 1260 Phillip Burnell 1260-1286 was born to Hugh Burnell 1225-1287 (35) at Acton Burnell Shrewsbury.

In 1290 Maud Burnell Baroness Lovel 1290-1341 was born to Phillip Burnell 1264-1294 (25) and Matilda aka Maud Fitzalan 1263- (27) at Acton Burnell Shrewsbury.

William Burnell -1249 was born to William Burnell 1190-1247 at Acton Burnell Shrewsbury.

Acton Burnell Castle, Acton Burnell Shrewsbury, Shropshire

On 01 Aug 1264 Phillip Burnell 1264-1294 was born to Hugh Burnell 1243-1286 (21) at Acton Burnell Castle.

On 05 Aug 1346 John Haudlo 1267-1346 (79) died at Acton Burnell Castle.

Around 1347 Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell 1347-1420 was born to Nicholas Burnell 1st Baron Burnell 1326-1383 (21) at Acton Burnell Castle.

Battlefield Shrewsbury, Shropshire

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield Shrewsbury. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 (53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403 (55), the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (31).
Thomas Wendesley 1344-1403 (59) and Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 (47) were killed.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) was killed. His son Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 succeeded 6th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 7th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (52) was killed; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39), Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 (43) and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (60) was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 (48) was hanged.
John Rossall -1403 was killed. His sister Eleanor Rossall 1377-1432 (26) inherited a half-share in the Rossall Shrewsbury estates.

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Berwick House Shrewsbury, Shropshire

On 25 Mar 1796 William Feilding 6th Earl Desmond 7th Earl Denbigh 1796-1865 was born to William Feilding 1760-1799 (35) and Anne Catherine Powys at Berwick House Shrewsbury.

Haughmond Abbey Shrewsbury, Shropshire

On 09 Mar 1302 Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (35) died. He was buried at Haughmond Abbey Shrewsbury. His son Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 (16) succeeded 9th Earl Arundel Sussex.

After 17 Nov 1326 Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 was reburied at Haughmond Abbey Shrewsbury.

Rossall Shrewsbury, Shropshire

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield Shrewsbury. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 (53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403 (55), the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (31).
Thomas Wendesley 1344-1403 (59) and Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 (47) were killed.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) was killed. His son Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 succeeded 6th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 7th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (52) was killed; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39), Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 (43) and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (60) was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 (48) was hanged.
John Rossall -1403 was killed. His sister Eleanor Rossall 1377-1432 (26) inherited a half-share in the Rossall Shrewsbury estates.

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Shrewsbury School Shrewsbury, Shropshire

In 1565 Thomas Harries 1st Baronet Tong Castle 1550-1628 (15) educated at Shrewsbury School Shrewsbury.

Around 1565 Francis Newport 1555-1623 (10) educated at Shrewsbury School Shrewsbury.

Around 1566 Fulk Greville 13th Baron Latimer 5th Baron Willoughby Broke 1st Baron Brooke 1554-1628 (11) educated at Shrewsbury School Shrewsbury.

Around 1566 Philip Sidney Poet 1554-1586 (11) educated at Shrewsbury School Shrewsbury.

Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Philip Sidney Poet 1554-1586.

St Chad's Church Shrewsbury, Shropshire

On 07 Apr 1767 Cecil Weld Forester 1st Baron Forester 1767-1828 was baptised at St Chad's Church Shrewsbury.

St Peter's Church Shrewsbury, Shropshire

After 22 Jul 1403 Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 was buried at St Peter's Church Shrewsbury.