History of Southampton

1154 Henry II Leaves Barfleur

1338 French Raid on Southampton

1415 Southampton Plot

1642 Siege of Portsmouth

Southampton is in Hampshire.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 950-999. 980. In this year was Ethelgarconsecrated bishop, on the sixth day before the nones of May, to the bishopric of Selsey; and in the same year was Southampton plundered by a pirate-army, and most of the population slain or imprisoned. And the same year was the Isle of Thanet overrun, and the county of Chester was plundered by the pirate-army of the North. In this year Alderman Alfere fetched the body of the holy King Edward (18) at Wareham, and carried him with great solemnity to Shaftsbury

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 950-999. 994. This year died Archbishop Siric: and Elfric, Bishop of Wiltshire, was chosen on Easter-day, at Amesbury, by King Ethelred (28) and all his council. This year came Anlaf and Sweyne to London, on the Nativity of St. Mary, with four and ninety-ships. And they closely besieged the city, and would fain have set it on fire; but they sustained more harm and evil than they ever supposed that any citizens could inflict on them. The holy mother of God on that day in her mercy considered the citizens, and ridded them of their enemies. Thence they advanced, and wrought the greatest evil that ever any army could do, in burning and plundering and manslaughter, not only on the sea-coast in Essex, but in Kent and in Sussex and in Hampshire. Next they took horse, and rode as wide as they would, and committed unspeakable evil. Then resolved the king and his council to send to them, and offer them tribute and provision, on condition that they desisted from plunder. The terms they accepted; and the whole army came to Southampton, and there fixed their winter-quarters; where they were fed by all the subjects of the West-Saxon kingdom. And they gave them 16,000 pounds in money. Then sent the king; after King Anlaf Bishop Elfeah and Alderman Ethelwerd; (48) and, hostages being left with the ships, they led Anlaf with great pomp to the king at Andover. And King Ethelred (28) received him at episcopal hands, and honoured him with royal presents. In return Anlaf promised, as he also performed, that he never again would come in a hostile manner to England.

48. This was probably the veteran historian of that name, who was killed in the severe encounter with the Danes at Alton (Aethelingadene) in the year 1001.

Henry II Leaves Barfleur

On 07 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21), the seven months pregnant Eleanor of Aquitaine (32) and their son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 (1) left Barfleur, Basse Normandie for England. On 08 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) and his party landed near Southampton.

On 29 Dec 1158 Eleanor of Aquitaine (36) travelled from Normandy on board the Esnecca (Snake) with her children Henry the Young King (3) and Matilda Plantagenet Duchess Saxony 1156-1189 (2) to Southampton. She then went to Winchester where she collected funds from the Royal Treasury and returned to Normandy.

1338 French Raid on Southampton

On 05 Oct 1338 a French fleet landed several thousand French, Norman, Italian and Castilian sailors close to the major port of Southampton and assaulting it from both land and sea. The entire town was razed to the ground, thousands of pounds worth of goods and shipping took back to France, and captives executed or taken as slaves.

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 1 Chapter 37 The French, after the Challenges, invade England. 05 Oct 1338. Upon king Philip's (44) receiving the challenges from king Edward (25) and his allies, he collected men at arms and soldiers from all quarters; he sent the lord Gallois de la Bausme, a good knight from Savoy, to the city of Cambray, and made him governor thereof, in conjunction with sir Thibault de Marneil and the lord of Roye: they might be, including Spaniards and French, full two hundred lances. The king seized the county of Ponthieu, which the king of England had before held by right of his mother (43); and he also sent and entreated some lords of the empire, such as the count of Hainault his nephew (31), the duke of Lorrain (18), the Count of Bar (23), the bishop of Metz, the bishop of Liege, not to commit any hostile acts against him or his kingdom. The greater part of them answered as he could have wished; but the count of Hainault, in a very civil reply, said that although he should be at all times ready to assist him or his realm against any one, yet as the king of England made war in behalf of the empire, as vicar and lieutenant of it, he could not refuse him aid and assistance in his country, as he held lands under the empire. The king of France appeared satisfied with this answer, not however laying much stress on it, as he felt himself in sufficient strength to oppose his enemies.

As soon as sir Hugh Quiriel, sir Peter Bahucet, and Barbenoire, were informed that hostilities had commenced, they landed one Sunday morning in the harbour at Southampton, whilst the inhabitants were at church: Normans, Picards, and Spaniards entered the town, pillaged it, killed many, deflowered maidens and forced wives; and having loaded their vessels with the booty, they fell down with the tide, and made sail for the coast of Normandy. They landed at Dieppe, and there divided the plunder.

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Wriothesley's Chronicle Mary I 2nd Year 20 Jul 1554. 20 Jul 1554. Fryday the xxth of Julie tydinges came to the Lord Mayre payne that the Prince of Spayne (27) was come into Englande, and landed at Southampton this daye, and came with viiixx sayle of Spanish shippes well appoynted, beside the navie of Flaunders and the Queens navie, which were to the number of lx [60] shippes and more, Lord Wm. Howarde, Lord Admirall of England (44), conductinge them, after they came into the costes of Englande.

Around 1573 Sofonisba Anguissola Painter 1532-1625. Portrait of Philip Around 1560 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Philip Around 1550. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Portrait of Philip Around 1554. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Portrait of Philip Around 1594. Juan Pantoja de La Cruz Painter 1553–1608. Portrait of Philip

On 11 Oct 1561 Thomas Lake 1561-1630 was baptised at Southampton.

After 24 Aug 1562 Chideock Tichbourne 1562-1586 was born to Peter Tichbourne at Southampton. The ancestry here somewhat uncertain.

In Sep 1569 Arthur Lake Bishop of Bath and Wells 1569-1626 was born to Almeric Lake at Southampton.

Siege of Portsmouth

John Evelyn's Diary 03 October 1642. 03 Oct 1642. To Chichester, and hence the next day to see the Siege of Portsmouth; for now was that bloody difference between the King and Parliament broken out, which ended in the fatal tragedy so many years after. It was on the day of its being rendered to Sir William Waller (45); which gave me an opportunity of taking my leave of Colonel Goring (34), the governor, now embarking for France. This day was fought that signal battle at Edgehill. Thence I went to Southampton and Winchester, where I visited the castle, school, church, and King Arthur's Round Table; but especially the church, and its Saxon kings' monuments, which I esteemed a worthy antiquity.

On 08 Jun 1829 John Everett Millais Painter Baronet 1829-1896 was born to John William Millais and Emily Mary Evermy at Southampton.

1871. George Frederick Watts 1817-1904. Portrait of John Everett Millais Painter Baronet 1829-1896. 1853. William Holman Hunt Painter 1827-1910. Portrait of John Everett Millais Painter Baronet 1829-1896.

Around 1832 Henry Preston Prestilly Percy 1832- was born to Algernon Percy 1779-1833 (53) and Anna Maria Fitzgerald at Southampton.

On 12 Jun 1918 Joseph Edwin Sewell 1899-1918 (19) died from wounds at Southampton. He was buried at St Michael's Church, Lamplugh.

The River Itchen rises at New Cheriton from where it flows past Tichbourne, Ovington, Itchen, Easton, through Winchester, past Hospital of St Cross Winchester, Twyford, Bishopstoke, under Mansbridge, Cobden and Northam bridges before passing east Southampton and joining the Solent.

The River Test rises near Ashe from where it flows past Quidhampton, Overton, Overton, Freefolk, Bere Mill, Whitchurch, Tufton, East Aston, Middleton, Forton, South Harewood, after which it is joined by the River Dever, past Chilbolton, Leckford, Stockbridge, Houghton, Bossington, Mottisfont, Kimbridge, Timsbury, Romsey Abbey, Broadlands then past the east side of Southampton where it joins the Solent.

All Saints Church Southampton, Hampshire

On 06 Jul 1841 Captain Ebenezer Jones 1798-1857 (43) and Caroline Rainier 1808-1890 (33) were married at All Saints Church Southampton.

On 31 Oct 1852 Elizabeth Crow of Middlesex -1852 died. She was buried at All Saints Church Southampton.

King Edward VI School Southampton, Hampshire

Around 1579 Arthur Lake Bishop of Bath and Wells 1569-1626 (9) educated at King Edward VI School Southampton.

North Gate Southampton, Hampshire

On 02 Aug 1415 Thomas Grey of Werke and Heaton 1384-1415 (30) was beheaded at North Gate Southampton for his role in the Southampton Plot.

On 05 Aug 1415 two executions of those involved in the Southampton Plot took place at the North Gate aka Bargate:

Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) was beheaded. His son Richard 3rd Duke York (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.

Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42) was beheaded. His brother John Scrope 4th Baron Scrope Masham 1388-1455 (27) succeeded 4th Baron Scrope Masham.

Southampton Castle, Hampshire

In 1361 Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (41) was appointed Constable Southampton Castle.

St Mary's Area, Southampton, Hampshire

In 634 Bishop Birinus of Dorchester 600-649 came to England landing at Hamwic where he founded St Mary's Church. He was appointed Bishop of Dorchester.

St Mary's Church, St Mary's Area, Southampton, Hampshire

In 634 Bishop Birinus of Dorchester 600-649 came to England landing at Hamwic where he founded St Mary's Church. He was appointed Bishop of Dorchester.