History of Southwark Cathedral

1407 Marriage of Edmund Holland Earl of Kent and Lucia Visconti

1424 Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

1554 Consecration of new Bishops

Southwark Cathedral is in Southwark.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1023. This year returned King Knute (28) to England; and Thurkyll and he were reconciled. He committed Denmark and his son to the care of Thurkyll, whilst he took Thurkyll's son with him to England. This year died Archbishop Wulfstan; and Elfric succeeded him; and Archbishop Egelnoth blessed him in Canterbury. This year King Knute (28) in London, in St. Paul's minster, gave full leave (60) to Archbishop Ethelnoth, Bishop Britwine, and all God's servants that were with them, that they might take up from the grave the archbishop, Saint Elphege (70). And they did so, on the sixth day before the ides of June; and the illustrious king, and the archbishop, and the diocesan bishops, and the earls, and very many others, both clergy and laity, carried by ship his holy corpse over the Thames to Southwark. And there they committed the holy martyr to the archbishop and his companions; and they with worthy pomp and sprightly joy carried him to Rochester. There on the third day came the Lady Emma (38) with her royal son Hardacnute (5); and they all with much majesty, and bliss, and songs of praise, carried the holy archbishop (70) into Canterbury Cathedral, and so brought him gloriously into the church, on the third day before the ides of June. Afterwards, on the eighth day, the seventeenth before the calends of July, Archbishop Ethelnoth, and Bishop Elfsy, and Bishop Britwine, and all they that were with them, lodged the holy corpse of Saint Elphege (70) on the north side of the altar of Christ; to the praise of God, and to the glory of the holy archbishop, and to the everlasting salvation of all those who there his holy body daily seek with earnest heart and all humility. May God Almighty have mercy on all Christian men through the holy intercession of Elphege (70)!

60. Matthew of Westminster says the king took up the body with his own hands.

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Marriage of Edmund Holland Earl of Kent and Lucia Visconti

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 24 Jan 1407. Ande that yere the Erle of Kent (23) weddyd the Erlys doughter (27) of Mylayne, at Synt Mary Overeys in Sowtheworke, the xiiij day of Juylle..

Note. Other sources say 24 Jan 1407?

On 24 Jan 1407 Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (23) and Lucia Visconti Countess Kent 1380-1424 (27) were married at Southwark Cathedral. He a great x 2 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Countess Kent. He was killed eighteen month's later at the Battle of Île de Bréhat.

Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

On 12 Feb 1424 King James I of Scotland 1394-1437 (29) and Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (20) were married at Southwark Cathedral. He a great x 5 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

Chronicle of Gregory 1460. As for the sege of the Towre, hyt ys com1 and opyn i-knowe, I passe ovyr. But sone aftyr the ende of the sege the Lorde Schalys (63), that notabylle warryoure, was slayne at Synt Mary Overeyes with water men, and laye there dyspoyly nakyd as a worme. But the lordys were fulle sory of hys dethe.

1. commonly.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1553. 05 Nov 1553. The v day of November dyd pryche master Feknam (38) at sant Mare Overays a-for non, and ther wher at ys sermon the yerle of Devonshyre (26), ser Antony Browne (24), and juge Morgayn, and dyvers odur nobull men.

The sam day at after-non dyd prych master Feknam (38) at sant Sthevyns in Walbroke, and ther wher serten pepull mad besenes for the sermon, and ther wher juge Browne (44), ser Rownland Hyll (55), ser Rechard Dobes (22), ser John Yorke (43); and sum wher sent to the mare [mayor], and to the Conter.

Around 1555. Attributed Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564 of the English School. Portrait of Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556. In 1559 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 wearing a Garter Collar and St George Pendant.

1554 Consecration of new Bishops

Wriothesley's Chronicle Mary I 1st Year 01 Apr 1554. 01 Apr 1554. The first day of Aprill was consecrated at St. Marye Overies churche in Southwerke vi new Bishopps after the olde sorte, the Lord Chauncellor (54) and Bishop of Winchester (71) singinge the masse, the Bishop of London (54) and the Bishop of Durham (80) assistinge him.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1554. 01 Apr 1554. [The first day of April my lord chancellor (54) did consecrate six new bishops at St. Mary Overy's, before the high altar; and a goodly mass was said. And when all] was done thay yede unto my lord ch[ancellor's,] for ther was as grett a dener as youe ha[ve seen.] Thes be the bysshopes names that wher consecrated, [doctor] Whyt (44), warden of Wynchastur, the bysshope of Ly[ncoln]; doctur Borne, bysshope of Bathe; doctur Morgan, bishop of sant Davys; doctur Brokes (41), bysshope of Gloss [ter]; doctur Cottes, bysshope of Westtchastur; bysshope of sant Asse changyd to be bysshope of Arfford; master [Griffith] (47) parsun of sant Magnus bysshope of Rochastur.

On 01 Apr 1554 the Lord Chancellor Bishop Edmund "Bloody" Bonner of London 1500-1569 (54), assisted by Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester 1483-1555 (71), Nicholas Ridley Bishop Martyr 1500-1555 (54) and Cuthbert Tunstall Bishop of Durham 1474-1559 (80), consecrated seven bishops at Southwark Cathedral:

Bishop George Cotes -1556 was consecrated Bishop of Chester.

Bishop Gilbert Bourne -1569 was consecrated Bishop of Bath and Wells.

Bishop James Brooks 1512-1558 (41) was consecrated Bishop of Gloucester.

Bishop Robert Griffin 1507-1558 (47) was consecrated Bishop of Rochester.

Bishop Henry Morgan -1559 was consecrated Bishop of St David's.

Bishop John White 1510-1560 (44) was consecrated Bishop of Lincoln.

Bishop Robert Parfew aka Warton -1557 was consecrated Bishop of Hereford.

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Diary of Henry Machyn October 1554. 05 Oct 1554. The v day of October was the obsequy of the duke of Northfoke (81) at sant Mare Overes; a hers [hearse] mad with tymber, and hangyd with blake, and with ys armes, and iiij goodly candlestyks gyldyd, and iiij grett tapurs, and with ys armes, and alle the qwyre hangyd with blake and armes; and durge and masse on the morowe. And my lord chanseler (71) cheffe morner, and next master [controller,] and master Gorge Haward; at the durge my lord Montyguw (25), my lord admerell (44), and my lord Brugys, and divers others; and a xl in gownes and cotes in blake; and after to my lord['s place], and gret ryngyng ij days.

Diary of Henry Machyn October 1554. 29 Oct 1554. The same day sir Thomas Audley (66), a famous captain, was buried in saint Mary Overy's. There attended his funeral the lord Gray, lord Fitzwalter, and divers other] captaynes and knyghtes and gentyllmen [to the number of] lx. be-syd odur.

In 1569 Unknown Painter. Posthumous portrait of Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Walden 1488-1544.

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1555. 28 Jan 1555. The xxviij day of January was examynyd at sant Mare Overes bysshope Hoper (60), doctor Crom, and Cardmaker, and odur, and Cardmaker recantyd.

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1555. 29 Jan 1555. The xxix day of January wher raynyd at sant Mare Overes for herese Hoper (60) and Rogers (50), and cast to be brentt, and from thens cared to Nugatt.

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1555. 30 Jan 1555. The xxx day of January was raynyd in the sam plasse Bradford (45), Tayller, and Sandur, and cast to be brentt in dyvers places.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1555. 13 Nov 1555. [The xiij day of November doctor Gardiner (72), bishop of Winchester, and lord chancellor of England, died in the morning, between twelve and one of the clock, at the King's] plasse, the wyche ys callyd Whyt-hall; [and by] iij of the cloke he was browt by water [to his own] plasse by sant Mary Overes; and by v of the [clock his bow]elles was taken owt, and bered a-fore the he [high] [altar; and] at vj the knyll begane ther, and at durge and masse contenuyd ryngyng alle the belles till vij at nyght.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1555. 21 Nov 1555. The xxj day of November at none be-gane the knyll for my lord chanseler (72), for then was the body browt to the chyrche of sant Mare Overes, with grett compene of prestes and clarkes, and alle the bysshopes; and my lord of London (55) dyd exsecute the offes, and ware ys myter; and ther wher ij goodly whyt branchys bornyng, and the harsse with armes and (tapers) bornyng, and iiij dosen of stayffes; and all the qwyre with blake, and ys armes; and afor the corse the kyng of haroldes with ys cot, and with v baners of ys armes, and iiij of emages wrothe with fyne gold and inowlle [enamel]; and the morowe-masse iij masse, one of the Trenete, on of owre Lade, and (the) iij of requiem for ys solle; and after to dener; and so he was put in a hersse tyll a day that he shall be taken up and cared unto Wynchaster to be bered ther.

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1556. 14 Feb 1556. The xxiiij day of Feybruary was the obsequies of the most reverentt father in God, Sthevyn Gardener (73), docthur and bysshope of Wynchastur, prelett of the gartter, and latte chansseler of England, and on of the preve consell unto Kyng Henry the viij and unto quen Mare (39), tyll he ded; and so the after-none be-gane the knyll at sant Mare Overes with ryngyng, and after be-gane the durge; with a palle of cloth of gold, and with ij whytt branchys, and ij dosen of stayffe-torchys bornyng, and iiij grett tapurs; and my lord Montyguw (27) the cheyffe mornar, and my lord bysshope of Lynkolne (46) and ser Robart Rochaster (62), comtroller, and with dyvers odur in blake, and mony blake gownes and cotes; and the morow masse of requeem and offeryng done, be-gane the sarmon; and so masse done, and so to dener to my lord Montyguw('s); and at ys gatt the corse was putt in-to a wagon with iiij welles, all covered with blake, and ower the corsse ys pyctur mad with ys myter on ys hed, with ys and ys armes, and v gentyll men bayryng ys v banars in gownes and hods, then ij harolds in ther cote armur, master Garter and Ruge-crosse; then cam the men rydyng, carehyng of torchys a lx bornyng, at bowt the corsse all the way; and then cam the mornars in gownes and cotes, to the nombur unto ij C. a-for and be-hynd, and so at sant Gorges cam prestes and clarkes with crosse and sensyng, and ther thay had a grett torche gyffyn them, and so to ever parryche tyll they cam to Wynchaster, and had money as money as cam to mett them, and durge and masse at evere logyng.

Around 1554 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558. Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558.

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1557. 30 Apr 1557. The xxx day of Aprell was bered at sant Mare Overes master Frances Browne('s) wyff with iiij branchys [and iiij] tapurs apon iiij gylt candyllstykes and with armes and penons; [the church hung a]bowt with blake cloth and armes, and ij whyt branchys and xx .... stayffe torchys; and the powre men had blake gownes; and mony mornars; and a iij dosen of skochyons, and a grett dolle of money.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1557. 23 May 1557. The xxiij day of May dyd pryche the bysshope of Wynchaster doctur Whytt (47) at sant Mare Overes in Sowthwarke, and ther was a heretyke ther for to here the sermon.

Diary of Henry Machyn December 1559. 31 Dec 1559. The xxxj in the mornyng and the last ded my lade Darce (42) the wyff of ser Arthur Darce (64) knyght, dwellyng in the nwe abbay on the Towre-hylle.... in Sowth-warke unto sant Towlys in Sowthw[ark to be] bered my lade Copley (49) wedow, with xx grett stayffe torchys bornyng, with prestes and clarkes syngyng, with a harold of armes, and a pennon of armes, and mony morners; and the chyrche hangyd with blake, and the quer [choir]; and ther was a sermon, and communyon; and after to her plasse to dener and a dolle ... of skochyons.

Diary of Henry Machyn August 1560. 29 Aug 1560. The xxviiij day of August at sant Towlys in Sowthwarke the menyster (blank) Harold dyd cristenyd a chyld with-owtt a godfather, and the mydwyff haskyd hym how he cold do yt, and he hanswered her and sayd yt was butt a seremony.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1563. 29 Mar 1563. The xxix day of Marche was browthe from sant Savyour's late abbay in Barmsey-strett to be bered my good lade Lane the wyff of ser Robart Lane of Northamtunshyre, and was bered in sant Towllys in Sowthwarke, and ded in chyld-bede; and with xx clarkes, and a-for the corse a xij of her servandes in blake cottes a-for here, and then cam serten gentyll-men mornars, and then cam the penon of armes borne by a gentyll-man, and then cam master Clarenshux (53), and next the corse borne by vj women, and iiij gentyll-men mornars beyryng the iiij corners of the palle of blake velvett, and with armes, and after to the chyrche, and syngyng the clarkes; andt her dyd pryche master Coverdalle (75).

Before 30 Jul 1611 Gerard Johnson The Elder Sculptor 1550-1611 died. He was buried at Southwark Cathedral on 30 Jul 1611.

In 1624 Nicholas Johnson Sculptor -1624 died. He was buried at Southwark Cathedral.

On or before 06 May 1638 Elizabeth Johnson Lady Mordaunt 1638-1687 was born to Nicholas Johnson 1610- (28). She was baptised on 06 May 1638 at St Saviour's in Soutwark.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 03 July 1663. 03 Jul 1663. Up and he home, and I with Sir J. Minnes (64) and Sir W. Batten (62) by coach to Westminster, to St. James's, thinking to meet Sir G. Carteret (53), and to attend the Duke (29), but he not coming we broke up, and so to Westminster Hall, and there meeting with Mr. Moore he tells me great news that my Baroness Castlemaine's (22) is fallen from Court, and this morning retired. He gives me no account of the reason of it, but that it is so: for which I am sorry: and yet if the King (33) do it to leave off not only her but all other mistresses, I should be heartily glad of it, that he may fall to look after business. I hear my Lord Digby (50) is condemned at Court for his speech, and that my Chancellor (54) grows great again.

Thence with Mr. Creed, whom I called at his chamber, over the water to Lambeth; but could not, it being morning, get to see the Archbishop's (81) hearse: so he and I walked over the fields to Southwark, and there parted, and I spent half an hour in Mary Overy's Church, where are fine monuments of great antiquity, I believe, and has been a fine church.

Thence to the Change, and meeting Sir J. Minnes (64) there, he and I walked to look upon Backwell's design of making another alley from his shop through over against the Exchange door, which will be very noble and quite put down the other two.

So home to dinner and then to the office, and entered in my manuscript book the Victualler's contract, and then over the water and walked to see Sir W. Pen (42), and sat with him a while, and so home late, and to my viall. So up comes Creed again to me and stays all night, to-morrow morning being a hearing before the Duke.

So to bed full of discourse of his business.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of John Mennes Comptroller 1599-1671. Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II. Before 07 Nov 1666. William Faithorne Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. One of the Windsor Beauties. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Around 1690 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol 1612-1677 and William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700. Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol 1612-1677. Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674.

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