History of St Martin's in the Fields

1587 Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

1665 Great Plague of London

1673 Test Act

1685 Execution of the Duke of Monmouth

1688 Trial and Imprisonment of the Seven Bishops

1690 Glorious Revolution

St Martin's in the Fields is in Charing Cross.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1554. 03 May 1554. The iij day of May, at the cowrt of sant James, the quen('s) (38) grace whent a prossessyon within sant James with harolds and serjants of armes, and iiij bysshopes mytred, and all iij days thay whent her chapell a-bowt the feldes, first day to sant Gylles and ther song masse; the next day tuwyse-day to sant Martens in the feldes, [and there] a sermon and song masse, and so thay dronke ther; and the iij day to Westmynster, and ther a sermon and then masse, and mad good chere; and after a-bowt the Parke, and so to sant James cowrt ther.
[The same Rogation Week went out of the Tower, on procession, priests and clerks, and the lieutenant with all his waiters; and the ax of the Tower borne in procession: the waits attended. There joined in this procession the inhabitants of] sant Katheryns, Radclyff, Limehouse, Popular, Sthracfford, Sordyche, with all them [that belonged to] the Towre, with ther halbards, a-bowt the feldes of sant Katheryns and the prevelegys.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1554. 19 Nov 1554. The xix day of November was bered at sant Martens at Charyng-crosse with ij crosses a gentyllman a Spaneard, and a iiijxx torchys and tapurs in ther handes, and with syngyng to the cherche, and the morowe-masse boythe Spaneards and Englysmen syngyng.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1555. 26 May 1555. The xxvj day of May was a goodly May-gam at sant Martens in the feld, with gyant and hobehorsses, with drumes and gonnes and mores danse and with othur mynsterelles.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1557. 22 May 1557. The xxij day of May was bered master Doge .... gren cloth at sant Martens in the feld be-syd Charyng-crose, with ij whytt branchys and .... and ij dosen of skochyons and dyver mornars.

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1558. 11 Feb 1558. The xj day of Feybruary was bered at sent Marten's-in-thefeyld master Arthur Sturtun (33) sqwyre, the keper of the [White] halle, and brodur to the lord Sturtun (38), and he was the reyseyver of all copes of cloth of gold that was taken owt of all chyrches, and he dyd delevered them unto serten parryches agayne to them that cowld know them, the wyche wher taken away by kyng Edward the vjth (20) tym by the dewyse of the duke of Northumberland (54) [and] serten of bysshopes of nuw doctryne that was then; and now, when that good qwyne Mare (41) cam to the crown, she lett evere parryche for to have them agayne by her commyng to the crowne, yf they wher nott gyffyn to odur places in the reyme of England; but Trenete parryche had nott ther cope of cloth of gold agayne.

Diary of Henry Machyn October 1558. 04 Oct 1558. The sam day at after-non was bered in sant Martens with the well and ij bokettes, mastores Altham (30), the wyff of master Altham (29) altherman, the wych ded in chyld-bed; he gayff mony gownes to pore women of roset cloth brod, and ij grett whyt branches, and iiij men held iiij gret tapurs, and had gownes; and mony morners, and no harold of armes. .... .. torchys .... of fyne mantylle fryse, and mony morners .... men and women, and a xvj clarkes of .... whent to the plasse to drynke, and wyne and spyse [bread; and the] morow masse.

On 22 May 1574 Walter Hastings 1544-1616 (30) and Joyce Roper 1548-1619 (26) were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

The Letter Books of Amias Paulet Keeper of Mary queen of Scots Published 1874 Marys Execution. Execution of Mary Queen of Scots. The inventory of the property of the Queen of Scots (44), alluded to in the foregoing letter, is printed in Prince Labanoff's collection, in which it occupies more than twenty pages. Poulet (54) compiled it by summoning Mary's servants before him, and requesting each of them to give him a written note of all that the Queen (44) had given them. A comparison of this inventory, made after Mary's death, with a former one, dated June 13, 1586, which Prince Labanoff found amongst M. de Chateauneuf's papers enables us to see that Mr. Froude has been led into a curious error respecting Mary Stuart's dress at the scaffold by the anonymous writer whose account he follows in preference to the narratives drawn up by responsible witnesses. It may seem to be of little importance, but as Mr. Froude has chosen to represent the last moments of Mary's life as "brilliant acting throughout," he should at least have been accurate in his details. He even goes so far as to say that she was deprived of the assistance of her chaplain for "fear of some religious melodrame." As to her dress, he says, "She stood on the black scaffold with the black figures all around her, blood-red from head to foot. Her reasons for adopting so extraordinary a costume must be left to conjecture. It is only certain that it must have been carefully studied, and that the pictorial effect must have been appalling." And he quotes from the Vray Rapport the words, "Ainsy fut executee toute en rouge. [Translation: So was executed all in red.]".
The rouge was not " blood-red," but a dark red brown. Blackwood says that she wore, with a pourpoint or bodice of black satin, "une Juppe de vellours cramoisi brun," and the narrative called La Mort de la Royne d'Escosse says the same. There it is in the June inventory, "Une juppe de velloux cramoisy brun, bandee de passement noir, doublee de taffetas de couleur brune." In the inventory taken after her death it is wanting. As it happens, if she had wished to be "blood-red," she might have been so, for in the wardrobe there was "satin figure incarnat," " escarlate," and " satin incarnate." These figure both in the June and February inventories. When she was dressed "le plus proprement qu'elle put et mieux que de coutume," she said to her maids of honour, "Mes amies, je vous eusse laisse plustost cet accoustrement que celui d'hier, sinon qu'il faut que j'aille a la mort un peu honnorablement, et que j'aye quelque chose plus que le commun." "La tragedie finie," continues Blackwood, " les pauvres damoiselles, soigneuses de rhonneur de leur maistresse s'adresserent a Paulet son gardien, et le prierent que le bourreau ne touchast plus au corps de sa Majeste, et qu'il leur fust permis de la despouiller, apres que le monde seroit retire, afin qu'aucune indignite ne fust faitte au corps, promettant de luy rendre la despouille, et tout ce qu'il pourroit demander. Mais ce maudict et espou- ventable Cerbere les renvoya fort lourdement, leur commandant de sortir de la salle. Cependant le bourreau la dechausse, et la manie a sa discretion. Apres qu'il eust fait tout ce qu'il voulust, le corps fut porte en une chambre joignante celle de ces serviteurs, bien fermee de peur qu'ils n'y entrassent pour luy rendre leurs debvoirs. Ce qui augmenta grandement leur ennuy, ils la voyoient par le trou de la serrure demy couverte d'un morceau de drop de bure qu'on avoit arrache de la table du billard, dont nous avous parle cy dessus, et prioyent Dieu a la porte, dont Paulet (54) s'appercevant fist boucher le trou.".
The executioner snatched from her hand the little gold cross that she took from her neck. "Sa Majeste osta hors de son col line croix d'or, qu'elle vouloit bailler a mie de ses filles, disant au maistre d'oeuvres, Mon amy, cecy n'est pas k vostre usage, laissez la a cette damoiselle elle vous baillera en Argent plus qu'elle ne vaut; il luy arracha d'entre les mains fort rudement, disant, C'est mon droit. C'eust este merveille qu'elle eust trouve courtoisie en un bourreau Anglois, qui ne I'avoit jamais sceu trouver entre les plus honestes du pais, sinon tant qu'ils en pouvoient tirer de profit." It was worthy of Poulet (54) to insist that, even though everything Mary wore was to be burnt and the headsman was to lose his perquisites lest he should sell them for relics, it was to be by his hands that they should be taken from the person of his victim.
Several narratives of the execution exist. The most complete, attributed to Bourgoin, is printed in Jebb. Sir H. Ellis and Robertson print the official report of the Commissioners. Then there is Chateauneuf's Report to Henry III., February 27, 1587, N.S., in Teulet, and a narrative drawn up for Burghley by R. W. (Richard Wigmore). Blackwood also furnishes an interesting and trustworthy description. The anonymous Vray Rapport will be found in Teulet. Mr. Froude appears to have selected it, partly because it was possible to expand the Realistic description of the dissevered head, and in particular the inevitable contraction of the features, into the gross and pitiless caricature which he permits himself of the poor wreck of humanity; partly too, because the Vray Rapport, in direct contradiction to the other accounts, supports his assertion that Mary was "dreadfully agitated" on receiving the message of death from the two Earls. To convey the impression that the writer was bodily present on that occasion, Mr. Froude introduces him as "evidently an eye-witness, one of the Queen of Scots' (44) own attendants, probably her surgeon." But the narrative shows us that the writer, whoever he was, could not have been one of Mary's attendants, nor even acquainted with them, for he designates the two ladies who assisted their mistress at the scaffold as "deux damoiselles, I'une Francoise nommee damoiselle Ramete, et l'autre Escossoise, qui avait nom Ersex." There were no such names in Mary's household. The two ladies were both Scottish, Jane Kennedy and Elspeth Curie, Gilbert Curle's sister. Mr. Froude says, "Barbara Mowbray bound her eyes with a handkerchief." It was Jane Kennedy who performed for her this last service.
Poulet's (54) inventory, amongst other things, contains the following entry: "Memorandum that the Priest claimeth as of the said late Queen's gift, a silver chalice with a cover, two silver cruets, four images, the one of our Lady in red coral, with divers other vestments and necessaries belonging to a Massing Priest." When the scaffold had been taken away, the Priest was allowed to leave his room and join the rest of the household. On the morning after the execution he said Mass for Mary's soul; but on the afternoon of that day Melville and Bourgoin were sent for by Poulet, who gave orders that the altar should be taken down, and demanded an oath that Mass should not be said again. Melville excused himself as he was a Protestant and not concerned; the physician stoutly refused. Poulet (54) sent for the Priest, and required the coffer in which the vestments were kept to be brought to him. Du Preau, who was evidently a timid man, took the oath that Poulet (54) insisted on, little thinking that he was pledging himself for six months. "II jura sur la bible de ne faire aucune office de religion, craignant d'estre resserre en prison.".
The household of the late Queen (44) were not allowed to depart as soon as Poulet (54) expected. They were detained at Fotheringay, from motives of policy, till the 3rd of August, when the funeral of their mistress having been at last performed, they were set free. Some of them were taken to Peterborough to accompany the corpse and to be present at the funeral ceremonies on the 1st of August. Amongst them, in the order of the procession, it is surprising to find Mary's chaplain, "Monsieur du Preau, aumosnier, en long manteau, portant une croix d'Argent en main." The account of the funeral from which this is taken, written by one of the late Queen's (44) household, takes care to mention that when they reached the choir of Peterborough Minster, and the choristers began "a chanter a leur fagon en langage Anglois," they all, with the exception of Andrew Melville and Barbara Mowbray, left the church and walked in the cloisters till the service was finished. "Si les Anglois," he says, "et principalement le Roy des heraux ... estoit en extreme cholere, d'autant estoient joieux et contents les Catholiques.".
Poulet left for London, and as long as Mary's servants were detained at Fotheringay, he seems to have retained jurisdiction over them. It was to him, therefore, that Melville and Bourgoin applied in March for leave to sell their horses and to write into France respecting the bequests made to them by the Queen of Scots; and to him that Darrell forwarded in June "the petition of the whole household and servants of the late Queen of Scotland remaining at Fotheringay," begging to be released from their prison and to be allowed to leave the country.
Poulet (54), as has already been said, was made Chancellor of the Garter in April, 1587, but he did not retain this preferment for a whole year. He continued in the Captaincy of Jersey up to his death, but he appears to have resided in and near London. In the British Museum are two letters from him of small importance. One, addressed to the Lord High Admiral, is dated, "From my poor lodging in Fleet Street, the 14th of January, 1587," about "right of tenths in Jersey, belonging to the Government." The other, "From my little lodge at Twickenham, the 24th of April, 1588," "on behalf of Berry," whose divorce was referred by the Justices of the Common Pleas to four Doctors of the Civil Law, of whom Mr. Doctor Caesar, Judge of the Admiralty, to whom the letter was written, was one.
His name also occurs in a letter, from Walsingham to Burghley, dated May 23, 1587, while Elizabeth still kept up the farce of Burghley's disgrace for despatching Mary Stuart's death-warrant. "Touching the Chancellorship of the Duchy, she told Sir Amias Poulet that in respect of her promise made unto me, she would not dispose of it otherwise. But yet hath he no power to deliver the seals unto me, though for that purpose the Attorney is commanded to attend him, who I suppose will be dismissed hence this day with- out any resolution." And on the 4th of January following, together with the other lords of the Council, he signed a letter addressed by the Privy Council to the Lord Admiral and to Lord Buckhurst, the Lieutenants of Sussex, against such Catholics as "most obstinately have refused to come to the church to prayers and divine service," requiring them to " cause the most obstinate and noted persons to be committed to such prisons as are fittest for their safe keeping: the rest that are of value, and not so obstinate, are to be referred to the custody of some -ecclesiastical persons and other gentlemen well affected, to remain at the charges of the recusant, to be restrained in such sort as they may be forthcoming, and kept from intelligence with one another." On the 26th of September, in the year in which this letter was written, 1588, Sir Amias Poulet died.
Poulet was buried in St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London.When that church was pulled down to be rebuilt, his remains, with the handsome. Monument erected over them, were removed to the parish church of Hinton St. George. After various panegyrics in Latin, French, and English inscribed on his. Monument, a quatrain, expressive apparently of royal favour, pays the following tribute to the service rendered by him to the State as Keeper of the Queen of Scots: Never shall cease to spread wise Poulet's fame; These will speak, and men shall blush for shame: Without offence to speak what I do know, Great is the debt England to him doth owe.

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Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.

On 28 Feb 1587 William Paulet 4th Marquess Winchester 1559-1629 (28) and Lucy Cecil Marchioness Winchester were married at St Martin's in the Fields. They were half fourth cousins.

On 16 Nov 1601 Henry Grey 8th Earl Kent 1583-1639 (18) and Elizabeth Talbot Countess Kent 1582-1651 (19) were married at St Martin's in the Fields. She by marriage Countess Kent.

On 29 Dec 1615 Charles Scarburgh Physician 1615-1694 was born to Edmund Scarburgh at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 07 Jan 1619 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (72) was buried in St Martin's in the Fields. In his will he left twenty shillings to the poor of the parish, thirty between his two sisters, some goods to his maidservant, and all the rest of his effects to his son, Lawrence Hilliard, his sole executor.

On 28 Feb 1621 William Stonor 1594-1651 (27) and Elizabeth Lake 1600- (21) were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 08 Aug 1622 Anne Mayne -1622 died. She was buried at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 01 Aug 1624 Edward Dymoke 1558-1624 (66) died at St Martin's in the Fields.

On or before 02 Nov 1624 1624 Edward Howard Playwright 1624-1712 was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Berkshire 1587-1669 (37) and Elizabeth Cecil Countess Berkshire 1596-1672 (28). He was baptised on 02 Nov 1624 at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 24 Jun 1628 Joshua Marshall Sculptor 1628-1678 was baptised in St Martin's in the Fields.

On or before 16 Apr 1637 Henry Killigrew 1637-1705 was born to Thomas Killigrew Playwright 1612-1683 (25) and Cecilia Crofts 1610-1638 (27). On 16 Apr 1637 Henry Killigrew 1637-1705 was baptised at St Martin's in the Fields.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Thomas Killigrew Playwright 1612-1683.In 1638 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Thomas Killigrew Playwright 1612-1683 and (probably) William Crofts 1st Baron Crofts 1611-1677.

On 27 May 1637 John Boteler 1st Baron Boteler Brantfield 1566-1637 (71) died at St Martin's in the Fields. He was buried at Higham Gobion. After 27 May 1637 His son William Boteler 2nd Baron Boteler Brantfield -1647 succeeded 2nd Baron Boteler Brantfield.

On 24 Aug 1647 Nicholas Stone Sculptor 1587-1647 (60) died in Long Acre. He was buried in St Martin's in the Fields.

On or before 10 Aug 1649 Endymion Porter 1587-1649 (62) died. He was buried on 10 Aug 1649 in St Martin's in the Fields.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Endymion Porter 1587-1649.Around 1627 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Endymion Porter 1587-1649.

On 30 Dec 1663 Lady Elizabeth Carteret 1663- was born to Edouard Carteret Gentleman Usher 1620-1683 (43) and Elizabeth Johnson. She was baptised at St Martin's in the Fields.

Great Plague of London

Diary of Samuel Pepys 05 November 1665. 05 Nov 1665. Lord's Day. Up, and after being trimmed, by boat to the Cockpitt, where I heard the Duke of Albemarle's (56) chaplin make a simple sermon: among other things, reproaching the imperfection of humane learning, he cried: "All our physicians cannot tell what an ague is, and all our arithmetique is not able to number the days of a man"; which, God knows, is not the fault of arithmetique, but that our understandings reach not the thing.
To dinner, where a great deale of silly discourse, but the worst is I hear that the plague increases much at Lambeth, St. Martin's and Westminster, and fear it will all over the city.
Thence I to the Swan, thinking to have seen Sarah but she was at church, and so I by water to Deptford, and there made a visit to Mr. Evelyn (45), who, among other things, showed me most excellent painting in little; in distemper, Indian incke, water colours: graveing; and, above all, the whole secret of mezzo-tinto, and the manner of it, which is very pretty, and good things done with it. He read to me very much also of his discourse, he hath been many years and now is about, about Guardenage; which will be a most noble and pleasant piece. He read me part of a play or two of his making, very good, but not as he conceits them, I think, to be. He showed me his Hortus Hyemalis leaves laid up in a book of several plants kept dry, which preserve colour, however, and look very finely, better than any Herball. In fine, a most excellent person he is, and must be allowed a little for a little conceitedness; but he may well be so, being a man so much above others. He read me, though with too much gusto, some little poems of his own, that were not transcendant, yet one or two very pretty epigrams; among others, of a lady looking in at a grate, and being pecked at by an eagle that was there.
Here comes in, in the middle of our discourse Captain Cocke (48), as drunk as a dogg, but could stand, and talk and laugh. He did so joy himself in a brave woman that he had been with all the afternoon, and who should it be but my Lady Robinson (53), but very troublesome he is with his noise and talke, and laughing, though very pleasant. With him in his coach to Mr. Glanville's (47), where he sat with Mrs. Penington and myself a good while talking of this fine woman again and then went away.
Then the lady and I to very serious discourse and, among other things, of what a bonny lasse my Lady Robinson (53) is, who is reported to be kind to the prisoners, and has said to Sir G. Smith (50), who is her great crony, "Look! there is a pretty man, I would be content to break a commandment with him", and such loose expressions she will have often.
After an houre's talke we to bed, the lady mightily troubled about a pretty little bitch she hath, which is very sicke, and will eat nothing, and the worst was, I could hear her in her chamber bemoaning the bitch, and by and by taking her into bed with her. The bitch pissed and shit a bed, and she was fain to rise and had coals out of my chamber to dry the bed again. This night I had a letter that Sir G. Carteret (55) would be in towne to-morrow, which did much surprize me.

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On 01 Nov 1668 John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol 1665-1751 (3) and Isabella Carr -1693 were married in St Martin's in the Fields.

1738 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman Painter 1694-1744. Portrait of John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol 1665-1751.

1673 Test Act

John Evelyn's Diary 26 April 1673. 26 Apr 1673. Dr. Lamplugh (58) preached at St. Martin's the Holy Sacrament following, which I partook of, upon obligation of the late Act of Parliament, enjoining everybody in office, civil or military, under penalty of £500, to receive it within one month before two authentic witnesses; being engrossed on parchment, to be afterward produced in the Court of Chancery, or some other Court of Record; which I did at the Chancery bar, as being one of the Council of Plantations and Trade; taking then also the oath of allegiance and supremacy, signing the clause in the said Act against Transubstantiation.

On 24 Aug 1673 Charlotte Vere 1673- was born to Aubrey Vere 20th Earl Oxford 1627-1703 (46) and Diana Kirke Countess Oxford -1719. She was baptised 13 Sep 1673 at St Martin's in the Fields.

Around 1656 Gilbert Soest Painter 1605-1681. Portrait of Aubrey Vere 20th Earl Oxford 1627-1703.Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Diana Kirke Countess Oxford -1719.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Diana Kirke Countess Oxford -1719.

On 17 Mar 1674 Thomas Burman Sculptor 1618-1674 (56) died in the parish of St Martin's in the Fields. He was buried at St Paul's Church.

On 22 Nov 1675 Charles Vere 1675- was born to Aubrey Vere 20th Earl Oxford 1627-1703 (48) and Diana Kirke Countess Oxford -1719. He was baptised on 09 Dec 1675 at St Martin's in the Fields. Died as an infant.

On 12 Apr 1678 Thomas Stanley 1625-1678 (53) died at Suffolk Street Strand. He was buried at St Martin's in the Fields.

In 1680 Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (43) was presented by Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (49) to St Martin's in the Fields.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II

John Evelyn's Diary 31 October 1680. 31 Oct 1680. I spent this whole day in exercises. A stranger preached at Whitehall on Luke xvi. 30, 31. I then went to St. Martin's, where the Bishop of St. Asaph (53) [Note. The next post refers to William Lloyd Bishop 1617-1717 (53) being made Bishop of St Asaph. The previous incumbent Isaac Barrow had died 24 Jun 1680] preached on 1 Peter iii. 15; the Holy Communion followed, at which I participated, humbly imploring God's assistance in the great work I was entering into. In the afternoon, I heard Dr. Sprat (45), at St. Margaret's, on Acts xvii. 11.
I began and spent the whole week in examining my life, begging pardon for my faults, assistance and blessing for the future, that I might, in some sort, be prepared for the time that now drew near, and not have the great work to begin, when one can work no longer. The Lord Jesus help and assist me! I therefore stirred little abroad till the 5th of November, when I heard Dr. Tenison (44), the now vicar of St. Martin's; Dr. Lloyd (53), the former incumbent, being made Bishop of St. Asaph.

John Evelyn's Diary 30 March 1684. 30 Mar 1684. Easter day. The Bp. of Rochester [Dr. Turner] (46) preach'd before, the King (53) after which his Ma*, accompanied with three of his natural sonns, the Dukes of Northumberland (18), Richmond, and St. Alban's (13) (sons of Portsmouth (34), Cleaveland (43), and Nelly (34)), went up to the Altar; ye three boyes entering before the King (53) within the railes, at the right hand, and three Bishops on the left, viz. London (52) (who officiated), Durham (51), and Rochester (46), with the Sub-dean Dr. Holder. the King (53) kneeling before the Altar, zaking his offering, the Bishop first receiv'd, and then his Ma* after which he retir'd to a canopied seate on the right hand. Note, there was perfume burnt before the Office began. I had receiv'd ye Sacrament at Whitehall early with the Lords and Household, ye Bp. of London officiating. Then went to St. Martin's, where Dr. Tenison (47) preach'd (recover'd from yc small-pox); then went againe to Whitehall as above. In the afternoone went to St. Martin's againe.

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Execution of the Duke of Monmouth

John Evelyn's Diary 15 July 1685. 15 Jul 1685. I went to see Dr. Tenison's (48) Library [in St. Martin's.].
Monmouth (36) was this day brought to London and examin'd before the King (51), to whom he made greate submission, acknowledg'd his seduction by Ferguson the Scot (48), whom he nam'd ye bloudy villain. He was sent to ye Tower, had an interview with his late Dutchesse (34), whom he receiv'd coldly, having liv'd dishonestly with ye Lady Henrietta Wentworth (24) for two yeares. He obstinately asserted his conversation with that debauch'd woman to be no in, whereupon, seeing he could not be persuaded to his last breath, the divines who were sent to assist him thought not fit to administer the Holy Communion to him. For ye rest of his faults he profess'd greate sorrow, and so died without any apparent feare; he would not make use of a cap or other circumstance, but lying downe, bid the fellow do his office better than to the late Lord Russell (45), and gave him gold; but the wretch made five chopps before he had his head off; wch so incens'd the people, that had he not been guarded and got away, they would have torn him to pieces. The Duke (36) made no speech on the scaffold (wch was on Tower Hill) but gave a paper containing not above 5 or 6 lines, for the King (51), in which he disclaims all title to ye Crown, acknowledges that the late King (55), his father, had indeede told him he was but his base sonn, and so desir'd his Ma* to be kind to his wife and children. This relation I had from Dr. Tenison (Rector of St. Martin's) (48), who, with the Bishops of Ely (47) and Bath and Wells (48), were sent to him by his Ma*, and were at the execution.
Thus ended this quondam Duke (36), darling of his father (55) and ye ladies, being extreamly handsome and adroit; an excellent souldier and dancer, a favourite of the people, of an easy nature, debauch'd by lust, seduc'd by crafty knaves who would have set him up only to make a property, and took the opportunity of the King (55) being of another religion, to gather a party of discontented men. He fail'd, and perish'd. He was a lovely person, had a virtuous and excellent lady that brought him greate riches, and a second dukedom in Scotland. He was Master of the Horse, General of the King (55) his father's Army, Gentleman of the Bedchamber, Knight of the Garter, Chancellor of Cambridge, in a word had accumulations without end. See what ambition and want of principles brought him to! He was beheaded on Tuesday 14th July [Note. Most sources quote 15 Jul 1685]. His mother (55), whose name was Barlow [Note. Lucy Walter is often spoken of incorrectly as Mrs. Walters or Waters, and during her career she seems to have adopted the alias of Mrs. Barlo or Barlow (the name of a family with which the Walters of Pembrokeshire had intermarried). From Dictionary of National Biography.], daughter of some very meane creatures, was a beautiful strumpet, whom I had often seene at Paris; she died miserably without any thing to bury her; yet this Perkin had ben made to believe that the King (55) had married her; a monstrous and ridiculous forgerie; and to satisfy the world of the iniquity of the report, the King (55) his father (If his father he really was, for he most resembl'd one Sidney (89), who was familiar with his mother (55)) publickly and most solemnly renounc'd it, to be so enter'd in the Council Booke some yeares since, with all ye Privy Councellors at testation.
Ross, tutor to the Duke of Monmouth, proposed to Bishop Cozens (90) to sign a certificate of the King's (55) marriage to Mrs. Barlow, though her own name was Walters: this the Bishop refused. She was born of a gentleman's family in Wales, but having little means and less grace, came to London to make her fortune. Algernon Sidney (62), then a Colonel in Cromwell's army, had agreed to give her 50 broad pieces (as he told the Duke of York) but being ordered hastily away with his regiment, he missed his bargain. She went into Holland, where she fell into the hands of his brother Colonel Robert Sidney (89), who kept her for some time, till the King (55) hearing of her, got her from him. On which the Colonel was heard to say, Let who will have her she is already sped and after being with the King (55) she was so soon with child that the world had no cause to doubt whose child it was, and the rather that when he grew to be a man, he very much resembled the Colonel both in stature and countenance, even to a wort on his face. However the King (55) owned the child. In the King's (55) absence she behaved so loosely, that on his return from his escape at Worcester, he would have no further commerce with her, and she became a common prostitute at Paris. Life of King James II Vol I.
Had it not pleas'd God to dissipate this attempt in ye beginning, there would in all appearance have gather'd an irresistable force which would have desperately proceeded to ye ruine of ye Church and Govern ment, so general was the discontent and expectation of the opportunity. For my owne part I look'd upon this deliverance as most signal. Such an Inundation of phanatics and men of impious principles must needs have caus'd universal disorder, cruelty, injustice, rapine, sacrilege, and confusion, an unavoidable civil war and misery without end. Blessed be God the knot was happily broken, and a faire prospect of tranquillity for the future if we reforme, be thankful!, and make a right use of this mercy.

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John Evelyn's Diary 05 November 1686. 05 Nov 1686. I went to St. Martin's in the morning, where Dr. Birch preached very boldly against the Papists, from John xvi. 2. In the afternoon I heard Dr. Tillotson (56) in Lincoln's Inn chapel, on the of same text, but more cautiously.

John Evelyn's Diary 20 March 1687. 20 Mar 1687. The Bishop of Bath and Wells (49) (Dr. Ken) preached at St. Martin's to a crowd of people not to be expressed, nor the wonderful eloquence of this admirable preacher; the text was Matt. xxvi. 36 to verse 40, describing the bitterness of our Blessed Savior's agony, the ardor of his love, the infinite obligations we have to imitate his patience and resignation; the means by watching against temptations, and over ourselves with fervent prayer to attain it, and the exceeding reward in the end. Upon all which he made most pathetical discourses. The Communion followed, at which I was participant. I afterward dined at Dr. Tenison's (50) with the Bishop and that young, most learned, pious, and excellent preacher, Mr. Wake (30). In the afternoon, I went to hear Mr. Wake (30) at the newly built church of St. Anne, on Mark viii. 34, upon the subject of taking up the cross, and strenuously behaving ourselves in time of persecution, as this now threatened to be.
His Majesty (56) again prorogued the Parliament, foreseeing it would not remit the laws against Papists, by the extraordinary zeal and bravery of its members, and the free renunciation of the great officers both in Court and state, who would not be prevailed with for any temporal concern.

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John Evelyn's Diary 25 March 1687. 25 Mar 1687 Good Friday. Dr. Tenison (50) preached at St. Martin's on 1 Peter II 24. During the service, a man came into near the middle of the church, with his sword drawn, with several others in that posture; in this jealous time it put the congregation into great confusion, but it appeared to be one who fled for sanctuary, being pursued by bailiffs.

Trial and Imprisonment of the Seven Bishops

John Evelyn's Diary 07 October 1688. 07 Oct 1688. Dr. Tenison (52) preached at St. Martin's on 2 Tim. iii. 16, showing the Scriptures to be our only rule of faith, and its perfection above all traditions. After which, near 1,000 devout persons partook of the Communion. The sermon was chiefly occasioned by a Jesuit, who in the Masshouse on the Sunday before had disparaged the Scripture and railed at our translation, which some present contradicting, they pulled him out of the pulpit, and treated him very coarsely, insomuch that it was like to create a great disturbance in the city.
Hourly expectation of the Prince of Orange's (37) invasion heightened to that degree, that his Majesty (54) thought fit to abrogate the Commission for the dispensing Power (but retaining his own right still to dispense with all laws) and restore the ejected Fellows of Magdalen College, Oxford. In the meantime, he called over 5,000 Irish, and 4,000 Scots, and continued to remove Protestants and put in Papists at Portsmouth and other places of trust, and retained the Jesuits about him, increasing the universal discontent. It brought people to so desperate a pass, that they seemed passionately to long for and desire the landing of that Prince (37), whom they looked on to be their deliverer from Popish tyranny, praying incessantly for an east wind, which was said to be the only hindrance of his expedition with a numerous army ready to make a descent. To such a strange temper, and unheard of in former times, was this poor nation reduced, and of which I was an eyewitness. The apprehension was (and with reason) that his Majesty's (54) forces would neither at land nor sea oppose them with that vigor requisite to repel invaders.
The late imprisoned Bishops were now called to reconcile matters, and the Jesuits hard at work to foment confusion among the Protestants by their usual tricks. A letter was sent to the Archbishop of Canterbury (71), informing him, from good hands, of what was contriving by them. A paper of what the Bishops advised his Majesty (58) was published. The Bishops were enjoined to prepare a form of prayer against the feared invasion. A pardon published. Soldiers and mariners daily pressed.
NOTE. The Letter was written by John Evelyn ...
My Lord, The honor and reputation which your Grace's piety, prudence, and signal courage, have justly merited and obtained, not only from the sons of the Church of England, but even universally from those Protestants among us who are Dissenters from her discipline; God Almighty's Providence and blessing upon your Grace's vigilancy and extraordinary endeavors will not suffer to be diminished in this conjuncture. The conversation I now and then have with some in place who have the opportunity of knowing what is doing in the most secret recesses and cabals of our Church's adversaries, obliges me to acquaint you, that the calling of your Grace and the rest of the Lords Bishops to Court, and what has there of late been required of you, is only to create a jealousy and suspicion among well-meaning people of such compliances, as it is certain they have no cause to apprehend. The plan of this and of all that which is to follow of seeming favor thence, is wholly drawn by the Jesuits, who are at this time more than ever busy to make divisions among us, all other arts and mechanisms having hitherto failed them. They have, with other things contrived that your Lordships the Bishops should give his Majesty (58) advice separately, without calling any of the rest of the Peers, which, though maliciously suggested, spreads generally about the town. I do not at all question but your Grace will speedily prevent the operation of this venom, and that you will think it highly necessary so to do, that your Grace is also enjoined to compose a form of prayer, wherein the Prince of Orange is expressly to be named the Invader: of this I presume not to say anything; but for as much as in all the Declarations, etc., which have hitherto been published in pretended favor of the Church of England, there is not once the least mention of the Reformed or Protestant Religion, but only of the Church of England as by Law Established, which Church the Papists tell us is the Church of Rome, which is (say they) the Catholic Church of England—that only is established by Law; the Church of England in the Reformed sense so established, is but by an usurped authority. The antiquity of THAT would by these words be explained, and utterly defeat this false and subdolous construction, and take off all exceptions whatsoever; if, in all extraordinary offices, upon these occasions, the words Reformed and Protestant were added to that of the Church of England by Law established. And whosoever threatens to invade or come against us, to the prejudice of that Church, in God's name, be they Dutch or Irish, let us heartily pray and fight against them. My Lord, this is, I confess, a bold, but honest period; and, though I am well assured that your Grace is perfectly acquainted with all this before, and therefore may blame my impertinence, as that does αλλοτριοεπισκοπειν; yet I am confident you will not reprove the zeal of one who most humbly begs your Grace's pardon, with your blessing. Lond., 10 Oct 1688.

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Glorious Revolution

John Evelyn's Diary 02 December 1688. 02 Dec 1688. Dr. Tenison (52) preached at St. Martin's on Psalm xxxvi. 5, 6, 7, concerning Providence. I received the blessed Sacrament. Afterward, visited my Lord Godolphin (43), then going with the Marquis of Halifax (55) and Earl of Nottingham (41) as Commissioners to the Prince of Orange (38); he told me they had little power. Plymouth declared for the Prince (38). Bath, York, Hull, Bristol, and all the eminent nobility and persons of quality through England, declare for the Protestant religion and laws, and go to meet the Prince (38), who every day sets forth new Declarations against the Papists. The great favorites at Court, Priests and Jesuits, fly or abscond. Everything, till now concealed, flies abroad in public print, and is cried about the streets. Expectation of the Prince (38) coming to Oxford. The Prince of Wales and great treasure sent privily to Portsmouth, the Earl of Dover (52) being Governor. Address from the Fleet not grateful to his Majesty (55). The Papists in offices lay down their commissions, and fly. Universal consternation among them; it looks like a revolution.

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John Evelyn's Diary 16 February 1690. 16 Feb 1690. The Duchess of Monmouth's (39) chaplain preached at St. Martin's an excellent discourse exhorting to peace and sanctity, it being now the time of very great division and dissension in the nation; first, among the Churchmen, of whom the moderate and sober part were for a speedy reformation of divers things, which it was thought might be made in our Liturgy, for the inviting of Dissenters; others more stiff and rigid, were for no condescension at all. Books and pamphlets were published every day pro and con; the Convocation were forced for the present to suspend any further progress. There was fierce and great carousing about being elected in the new Parliament. The King (39) persists in his intention of going in person for Ireland, whither the French are sending supplies to King James (56), and we, the Danish horse to Schomberg (74).

John Evelyn's Diary 18 July 1691. 18 Jul 1691. To London to hear Mr. Stringfellow preach his first sermon in the newly erected Church of Trinity, in Conduit Street; to which I did recommend him to Dr. Tenison (54) for the constant preacher and lecturer. This Church, formerly built of timber on Hounslow-Heath by King James (57) for the mass priests, being begged by Dr. Tenison (54), rector of St. Martin's, was set up by that public-minded, charitable, and pious man near my son's dwelling in Dover Street, chiefly at the charge of the Doctor (54). I know him to be an excellent preacher and a fit person. This Church, though erected in St. Martin's, which is the Doctor's parish, he was not only content, but was the sole industrious mover, that it should be made a separate parish, in regard of the neighborhood having become so populous. Wherefore to countenance and introduce the new minister, and take possession of a gallery designed for my son's family, I went to London, where, [NOTE. Text runs out?].

John Evelyn's Diary 06 January 1692. 06 Jan 1692. At the funeral of Mr. Boyle (65), at St. Martin's, Dr. Burnet (48), Bishop of Salisbury, preached on Eccles. II 26. He concluded with an eulogy due to the deceased, who made God and religion the scope of all his excellent talents in the knowledge of nature, and who had arrived to so high a degree in it, accompanied with such zeal and extraordinary piety, which he showed in the whole course of his life, particularly in his exemplary charity on all occasions,—that he gave £1,000 yearly to the distressed refugees of France and Ireland; was at the charge of translating the Scriptures into the Irish and Indian tongues, and was now promoting a Turkish translation, as he had formerly done of Grotius "on the Truth of the Christian Religion" into Arabic, which he caused to be dispersed in the eastern countries; that he had settled a fund for preachers who should preach expressly against Atheists, Libertines, Socinians, and Jews; that he had in his will given £8,000 to charitable uses; but that his private charities were extraordinary. He dilated on his learning in Hebrew and Greek, his reading of the fathers, and solid knowledge in theology, once deliberating about taking Holy Orders, and that at the time of restoration of King Charles II, when he might have made a great figure in the nation as to secular honor and titles, his fear of not being able to discharge so weighty a duty as the first, made him decline that, and his humility the other. He spoke of his civility to strangers, the great good which he did by his experience in medicine and chemistry, and to what noble ends he applied himself to his darling studies; the works, both pious and useful, which he published; the exact life he led, and the happy end he made. Something was touched of his sister, the Lady Ranelagh, who died but a few days before him. And truly all this was but his due, without any grain of flattery.
This week a most execrable murder was committed on Dr. Clench, father of that extraordinary learned child whom I have before noticed. Under pretense of carrying him in a coach to see a patient, they strangled him in it; and, sending away the coachman under some pretense, they left his dead body in the coach, and escaped in the dusk of the evening.

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John Evelyn's Diary 13 February 1692. 13 Feb 1692. Mr. Boyle (65) having made me one of the trustees for his charitable bequests, I went to a meeting of the Bishop of Lincoln (55), Sir Rob.... wood, and serjeant, Rotheram, to settle that clause in the will which related to charitable uses, and especially the appointing and electing a minister to preach one sermon the first Sunday in the month, during the four summer months, expressly against Atheists, Deists, Libertines, Jews, etc., without descending to any other controversy whatever, for which £50 per annum is to be paid quarterly to the preacher; and, at the end of three years, to proceed to a new election of some other able divine, or to continue the same, as the trustees should judge convenient. We made choice of one Mr. Bentley, chaplain to the Bishop of Worcester (Dr. Stillingfleet) (56). The first sermon was appointed for the first Sunday in March, at St. Martin's; the second Sunday in April, at Bow Church, and so alternately.

John Evelyn's Diary 20 November 1692. 20 Nov 1692. Dr. Lancaster, the new Vicar of St. Martin's, preached.
A signal robbery in Hertfordshire of the tax money bringing out of the north toward London. They were set upon by several desperate persons, who dismounted and stopped all travelers on the road, and guarding them in a field, when the exploit was done, and the treasure taken, they killed all the horses of those whom they stayed, to hinder pursuit, being sixteen horses. They then dismissed those that they had dismounted.

John Evelyn's Diary 25 March 1694. 25 Mar 1694. Mr. Goode, minister of St. Martin's, preached; he was likewise put in by the Queen (31), on the issue of her process with the Bishop of London (62).

John Evelyn's Diary 14 January 1700. 14 Jan 1700. Dr. Lancaster, Vicar of St. Martin's, dismissed Mr. Stringfellow, who had been made the first preacher at our chapel by the Bishop of Lincoln (63), while he held St. Martin's by dispensation, and put in one Mr. Sandys, much against the inclination of those who frequented the chapel. The Scotch book about Darien was burned by the hangman by vote of Parliament.

John Evelyn's Diary 18 February 1700. 18 Feb 1700. Mild and calm season, with gentle frost, and little mizzling rain. The Vicar of St. Martin's frequently preached at Trinity chapel in the afternoon.

On 06 Jun 1702 James Long 4th Baronet 1682-1729 (20) and Henrietta Greville Lady Long 1683-1765 (18) were married at St Martin's in the Fields. She by marriage Lady Long of Westminster in London.

On 16 Jun 1702 William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754 was baptised with Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37) as godparent at St Martin's in the Fields.

In 1745 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754.In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

On 08 Sep 1702 George Eyre 1680-1710 (22) and Barbara Coningsby 1677- (25) were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 27 May 1703 Walter Chetwynd 1st Viscount Chetwynd 1678-1736 (24) and Mary Berkeley Viscountess Chetwynd 1671-1741 (32) were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

In 1705 Robert Long 5th Baronet Long 1705-1767 was born to James Long 4th Baronet 1682-1729 (23) and Henrietta Greville Lady Long 1683-1765 (21). He was baptised at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 16 Mar 1705 John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normandby 1648-1721 (56) and Catherine Darnley Duchess Buckingham and Normandby 1680-1743 (25) were married at St Martin's in the Fields. She a daughter of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701. She by marriage Duchess of Buckingham and Normandby.

Around 1704 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson Painter 1667-1745. Portrait of John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normandby 1648-1721.

On 15 May 1707 George Brudenell 3rd Earl Cardigan 1685-1732 (21) and Elizabeth Bruce 3rd Countess Cardigan 1689-1745 (18) were married at St Martin's in the Fields. She by marriage Countess Cardigan.

On 05 Jan 1709 David Wemyss 4th Earl Wemyss 1678-1720 (31) and Mary Robinson -1712 were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

In 1711 Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 (78) died. He was buried at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 15 Dec 1711 George Granville 1st Baron Lansdowne 1666-1735 (45) and Mary Villiers Baroness Lansdowne -1736 were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 27 May 1712 Thomas Cave 5th Baronet Cave of Stanford 1712-1778 was born to Thomas Cave 3rd Baronet Cave of Stanford 1681-1719 (31) and Margaret Verney Lady Cave -1774. He was baptised at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 11 Mar 1716 George Carteret 1716-1763 was baptised at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 05 Apr 1716 Georgiana Caroline Carteret 1716-1780 was baptised at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 26 Aug 1717 John Conduit 1688-1737 (29) and Catherine Barton 1679-1739 (38) were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 01 May 1718 Frances Carteret Marchioness Teviotdale 1718- was baptised at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 21 Nov 1761 Dorothea Bland aka "Mrs Jordan" 1761-1816 was born near Waterford, County Waterford. On 05 Dec 1761 she was baptised at St Martin's in the Fields.

Around 1788 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of Dorothea Bland aka "Mrs Jordan" 1761-1816 playing the character 'Viola' in Twelfth Night.In 1791 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of Dorothea Bland aka "Mrs Jordan" 1761-1816 as Hypolita.

On 11 Jan 1762 Louis Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762 (59) died. He was buried in St Martin's in the Fields. His funeral was attended by Joshua Reynolds Painter 1723-1788 (38) among many others.

In 1751 Andrea Soldi Painter 1703-1771. Portrait of Louis Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762.In 1762 Adrien Carpentiers Painter 1713-1778. Portrait of Louis Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762.

In 1765 Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (26) and Elizabeth Shewell were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

Around 1773. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820. Portrait of the artist's wife Elizabeth Shewell and their son Raphael.1805. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820. Portrait of the artist's wife Elizabeth Shewell and their son Benjamin West III.

On 16 Apr 1767 Richard Barry 6th Earl Barrymore 1745-1773 (22) and Amelia Stanhope Countess Barrymore 1749-1780 (17) were married at St Martin's in the Fields. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685...

Around 12 Feb 1771 Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower Duchess Beaufort 1771-1854 was baptised at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 07 Nov 1774 Richard Noel-Hill 4th Baron Berwick 1774–1848 was born to Noel Hill 1st Baron Berwick 1745-1789 (29) and Anna Vernon 1748-1797 (26). He was baptised at St Martin's in the Fields on 11 Nov 1774.

On 12 Jul 1778 Anthony Hamilton Archdeacon 1778-1851 was born to Anthony Hamilton Archdeacon 1739-1812 (39) and Anne Terrick in St Martin's in the Fields.

On 27 Sep 1788 Robert Taylor Sculptor Architect 1714-1788 (74) died at his home 34 Spring Gardens. He was buried at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 19 May 1810 James Murray 1st Baron Gelnlyon 1782-1837 (27) and Emily Frances Percy Baroness Goldolphin Helston 1788-1844 (22) were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 22 May 1813 Admiral Joseph Sydney Yorke 1768-1831 (44) and Urania Paulet Marchioness Clanricarde 1767-1843 (46) were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 05 Sep 1835 Charles Canning 1st Earl Canning 1812-1862 (22) and Charlotte Stuart Countess Canning 1817-1861 (18) were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

Around 1830. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871. Portrait of sisters Charlotte Stuart Countess Canning 1817-1861 at the piano and Louisa Anne Stuart Marchioness Waterford 1818-1891.Around 1830. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871. Portrait of Elizabeth Yorke Lady Stuart 1789-1867 and her daughters Charlotte Stuart Countess Canning 1817-1861 and Louisa Anne Stuart Marchioness Waterford 1818-1891.

On 20 Jul 1921 Wentworth Henry Canning Beaumont 2nd Viscount Allendale 1890-1956 (30) and Violet Lucy Emily Seely Viscountess Allendale 1897-1979 (24) were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

On 09 Feb 1928 James Edward Hamilton 4th Duke Abercorn 1904-1979 (24) and Kathleen Hamilton Duchess of Abercorn 1905-1990 (22) were married at St Martin's in the Fields.

In 1947 David Allan Bethell 5th Baron Westbury 1922-2001 (25) and Ursula James were married at St Martin's in the Fields. Princesses Elizabeth (20) and Margaret (16) attended the wedding, as did the Duke (46) and Duchess (45) of Gloucester.

1933. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Elizabeth II Queen United Kingdom 1926-.1956. Simon Elwes Painter 1902-1975. Portrait of Henry Windsor 1st Duke Gloucester 1900-1974.