History of St Paul's Cross

1441 Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

1483 The Princes of the Tower described as Illegitimate

1536 Henry VIII becomes Supreme Head of the Church

1557 Scarborough Castle Rebellion

St Paul's Cross is in St Paul's Cathedral Churchyard.

Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

Chronicle of Gregory 1441. 1441. And in the same yere there were take certayne traytourys, the whyche purposyd to slee oure lege lorde the kyng (19) by crafte of egremauncey1, and there instrumentys were opynly shewyde to alle men at the Crosse in Powlys chyrche yerde a-pon a schaffolde i-made there-for. Att the whyche tyme was present one of the same traytours, whiche was callyd Roger Bulbroke, a clerke of Oxforde, and for that same tresoun my Lady of Glouceter (41) toke sayntwerye at Westemyster; and the xj day of Auguste thenne next folowynge she toke the way to the castelle of Lesnes.

The Princes of the Tower described as Illegitimate

On 22 Jun 1483 Ralph Shaa -1484 preached the bastardy of Edward IV's (41) children by Elizabeth Woodville, including Edward V, and were therefore ineligible to be King, at St Paul's Cross.

Henry VIII becomes Supreme Head of the Church

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VIII 1536 27th Year. This yeare also, the first Soundaie after Candlemas, being the sixt daie of Februarie, the Archbishopp of Canterberie, called Thomas Cranmer (46), preached at Paules Crosse, my Lord Chauncelor (48) being then present at his sermon, and their he approved, by scripture and by the decrees of the Popes lawes, that the Bishop of Rome, otherwise called Pope, was Antichrist, and also brought divers expositions of holie sainctes and doctors for the same; and how craftelie, and by what meanes, and how long, he had taken upon him the power of God and the aucthoritie aboTe all princes christened, and how his aucthoritie and lawes was contrarie to scripture and the lawe of God, as he then honorably declared and approved to the cleere understanding of all the people.

1533 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556. In 1544 Gerlach Flicke Painter 1520-1558. Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556. In 1569 Unknown Painter. Posthumous portrait of Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Walden 1488-1544.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VIII 1536 27th Year. The seconde sermon, being on Septuagesima Sundaie, their preached at Powles Crosse the Bishop of Rochester.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VIII 1536 27th Year. . The Sondaie of Sexagesima preached at St. Poules Crosse the Bishopp of Lincolne.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VIII 1536 27th Year. The Soundaie of Quinquegesima, being the 27th daie of Februarie and Leepe yeare, a.v. 1535, preached at Paules Crosse the Bushoppe of Durhame, named Dr. Dunstall (62), sometime Bishopp of London, and afore that, being Master of the Rolls; and their were present at his sermon the Ardibishopp of Canterberie (46) with eight other bishopps, sitting at the crosse before the preacher; and the Lorde Chauncellor of Englande (48), the Duke of Norfolke (63), the Duke of Suffolke, with six Erles and divers other lordes, stoode behinde the preacher within the pulpitt, and also fower monkes of the Charterhouse of London were brought to the said sermon, which denied the King (44) to be supreame heade of the Church of Englande. And their the said preacher declared the profession of the Bishopp of Rome when he is elected Pope, according to the confirmation of eight universall general counsells, which were congregate for the faith of all Christendome; and everie Pope taketh an othe on the articles, promising to observe, keepe, and hould all that the said counsells confirmed, and to dampne all that they dampned; and how he, contrarie to his oth, hath usurped his power and aucthoritie over all Christendome; and also how uncharitably he had handled our Prince, King Henrie the Eight (44), in marying [him to] his brother's wife, contrarie to Godes lawes and also against his owne promise and decrees, which he opened by scriptures and by the cannons of the Appostles; and also how everie Kinge hath the highe power under God, and ought to be the supreame head over all spirituall prelates, which was a goodlie and gracious hearing to all the audience being their present at the same sermon. And in his prayers he said, after this manner, ye shall pray for the universall church of all Christendome, and especiall for the prosperous estate of our Soveraigne' and Emperour King Henrie the Eight, being the onelie supreame head of this realme of Englande; and he declared also in his said sermon how that the Cardinalls of Rome bee but curattes and decons of the cittie and province of Bome, and how that everie curate of any parrish have as much power as they have, according to scripture, save onelie that the Pope of Bome hath made them so high aucthorities onelie for to ezhalt his name and power in Christen realmes for covetousnes, as by his owne decrees he evidentlie their approved.

1541 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of Henry Brandon 2nd Duke Suffolk 1535-1551. 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547.

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Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VIII 1536 27th Year. The first Soundaie of Lent preached at Paules Crosse the Bishopp of Salisberie (51).

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VIII 1536 27th Year. The second Soundaie of Lent preached at Paules Crosse the Bishop of Worcestre (49).

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VIII 1536 27th Year. The third Soundaie of Lent preached at Paules Crosse the Bishopp of Bangor.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1554. 29 Jul 1544. The xxix day of July dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Harpfeld and he dyd pray in ys bedes for the kyng and the quen Phelipe (17) and Mare (28) by the grace of God kyng and quene of England, Franse, Napuls, Jerusalem, Ierland, deffendors of the fayth, prynces of Spayne and Sycylye, archedukes of Austryche, dukes of Mylayne, Burgundye, and Brabant; contes of Haspurge, Flandurs, and Tyrole; whyt thes stylle as ys a-ffor.

Around 1573 Sofonisba Anguissola Painter 1532-1625. Portrait of Philip Around 1560 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Philip Around 1550. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Portrait of Philip Around 1554. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Portrait of Philip Around 1594. Juan Pantoja de La Cruz Painter 1553–1608. Portrait of Philip Around 1554 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558. Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558.

Diary of Henry Machyn September 1554. 23 Sep 1544. The xxiij day of September dyd pryche doctur Rud at Powlles crosse, and he recantyd and repentyd that he ever was mared, and sayd openly that he cold not mare by God's law.

Diary of Henry Machyn September 1554. 30 Sep 1544. The xxx day of September dyd pryche at Powlles crosse my lord Chansseler the bysshope of Wynchester (61), and he mad a goodly sermon; and ther wher as grett a audyensse as ever I saw in my lyff.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 1st Year 1547-1548. The fiftenth daie of Male, 1547, Doctor [Smith], of Wydington Collegeb, preached at Poules Crosse, and their recanted and burned tow bookes which he had latelie sett fourth, one of traditions and another of unwrytten verities, and there he professed a new sincere doctrine contrarie to his old papisticall ordre, as his articles in wry ting playnelie sheweth.

Note b. Whittingtcm's College and Hospital.

Diary of Henry Machyn September 1553. 24 Sep 1553. The xxiiij day of September dyd pryche master doctur Fecknam (38) at Powlles crosse, the Sonday a-for the qwuen('s) crounasyon; he mad a godly sermon as was hard in that place.

Diary of Henry Machyn June 1554. 10 Jun 1554. The x day of Juin dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master (doctor Pendleton (30)); and be-twyn x and a xj of the cloke ther was a gunne shott over the prycher, and yt the wall, and yt was a pellett of tyne.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Mary I 1st Year 15 Jul 1554. 15 Jul 1554. The 15 of Julie, beinge Sundaye, one Elizabeth Crofte, a yonge mayden, stood at Paules Crosse on a litle scaffolde neare the preacher, which was taken in Aldersgate Streete in Aprill last past, called the wbyte byrde, or the byrde that spake in the walla. Her confession was readd by the precher openlye, which declared that one Drakes, a servant of Sir Anthony Nevillsb, which gaue her a whistle, and by theyr develish pretence feyned her to speake divers thinges of the Queen and Prince of Spayne, of the masse and confession; as that one Myles, clerk of St. Butolphes in Aldersgate Street, and a player, and one Hyll, a weaverc in Reddcrosse Streete, declared to the peopled, which caused great assemblie of people to drawe thither, which there openlye lamented in the presence of all the people. After her confession read she kneeled downe, and asked God forgivenes, and the Queens Maiestie, desyringe the people to praye for her, and to beware of heresies. The sermon done she went to prison agayne in Bred Street, where she had bene a litle tyme, but afore that she was in Newgate. And after Dr. Scorye resorted to her divers tymes to examin her; and after this she was released.

a. "called the Spirit in the Wall."— Stow.

b. " John Drake, Sir Antony Knevett's servant." — Diary of a Resident in London, p. 66; but Stow agrees with the text.

c. Stow reads: "a player, a weaver, Hill, clerk of St. Leonard's in Foster Lane, and others confederate with her."

Wriothesley's Chronicle Mary I 2nd Year 30 Sep 1554. 30 Sep 1554. Sunday the xxxth of Septembre 1554 Dr. Steven Gardiner (71), Bishop of Winton [Winchester] and Lord Chauncellor of England, preached at Paules Crosse, divers Lordes of the Queens Councell beinge present at his sermon, and goeinge afterward to dynner to the Lord Mayres howsse.

The first Sundaye after Michaellmas daye was kept the dedication of the churche throughe all England, accordinge to the olde costome.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1554. 04 Nov 1554. The iiij day of November dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Harpfeld; and ther wher v dyd penance with shetts a-bowt them, and tapurs and rods in ther handes, and the prycher dyd stryke them with a rod, and ther dyd they stand tyll the sermon was all done; and then the sumner toke the shets and the rods, and they whent into Powlles a-gayn, and so up the syd of the quer; on prest, ys nam ys ser Thomas Lawes, odur wysse callyd ser Thomas Gryffyn, sum tyme a chanon at Eyssyng spyttyll; iiij of them wher relegyous men, and the feyth was a temporall man that had ij wyeffes.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1554. 11 Nov 1554. The xj day of November dyd pryche master Pendylltun (30) at Powlles crosse and mad a good sermon.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1554. 18 Nov 1554. The xviij day of November dyd pryche at Powlles crosse the nuw bysshope of Lynckolne, doctur White (44), late the warden of Wynchaster.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1554. 25 Nov 1554. The xxv day of November dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Fecknam (39), den of Powlles, and a godly sermon.

Diary of Henry Machyn December 1554. 09 Dec 1554. The ix day of Desember dyd pryche at Powlles crosse doctur Borne, bysshope of Bathe, and prayd for the pope of Rome (Julius) the thurde, and for alle the solles of purgatory.

Diary of Henry Machyn December 1554. 16 Dec 1554. The xvj day of Desember dyd pryche at Powlles crosse doctur Cottes the bysshope of West Chastur, and h[is] sermon of the blessyd sacrement of the auter .... owt dyvers actours [authors] of the sacrement of dyvers ....

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1555. 14 Jan 1555. The xiiij day of Januarij ther preched [at Paul's cross] doctur Chadsay persun of Allalowes in Bred-strett.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1555. 19 May 1555. The xix day of May dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Hapffeld; and ther wher ij women stode ther a-fore the precher, and ther the ij women declaryd that yt was falsse that they sayd a-fore, that the chyld dyd nott spyke, and bad all men take hed [heed] how eny man or voman shuld beleyffe any shuche person the wyche shuld spyke a chyld be-syd Powlles, the wyche the chyld should spyke and shuld bed [bid] men pray, and sayd that the kyngdom of God ys at hand.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1555. 26 Nov 1555. [The xxvj of November a stripling was whipt about London, and about Paul's cross, for speaking against the bishop] that dyd pryche the Sonday a-for.

Diary of Henry Machyn December 1555. 15 Dec 1555. [The xv day of December, before the sermon at Paul's cross began, an old man, a shepherd,] be-gane to spyke serten thynges and rayllyng, [whereupon he was] taken and carett to the conter for a tyme.

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1556. 08 Feb 1556. The viij day of Feybruary dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Peryn, a blake frere [blackfriar], and at the sam sermon was a prest, on ser Thomas Samsun, dyd penanse for he had ij wyffes, and a shett abowt hym, and a tapur in ys hand bornyng a-for the precher, and the mayre of London and the althermen and worshephull men, and mony odur.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1556. 08 Mar 1556. The viij day of Marche dyd pryche at Powlles crosse doctur (blank), and ther was a man dyd penanse with ij pyges rede dythe, on apon ys hed sowd, the [which] he browth them to selle.

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1557. 16 Apr 1557. The xvj day of Aprell dyd pryche at Powlles Crosse (blank) Murryn, that was Good Fryday, and mad a godly sermon, and ther was grett audyens.

Scarborough Castle Rebellion

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1557. 02 May 1557. The ij day of May dyd pryche at Powlles crosse dyd pryche docthur Chadsay, and mad a godly sermon, and ther he declaryd that serten trayturs that was taken at Skarborow castyll, the wyche they fled over the see a-for ....

Diary of Henry Machyn June 1557. 20 Jun 1557. The xx day of Junj dyd pryche my lord abbott of Westmynster (42) at Powlles Crosse, and mad a godly sermon of Dyves and Lazarus, and the crossear holdyng the stayffe at ys prechyng; and ther wher grett audyense, boyth the mayre (57) and juges and althermen, and mony worshepfulle.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1557. 21 Nov 1557. The xxj day of November dyd pryche my lord [abbat of] Westmynster (42), and ther he mad a godly sermon, at Powlles crosse.

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1558. 30 Jan 1558. The Sonday the xxx day of January dyd pryche at Powlles Crosse the byshope of Wynchester (48), and mad a goodly sermon.

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1558. 06 Feb 1558. The vj day of Feybruarij dyd pryche at Powlles Crosse the byshope of Westchaster (48); and ther wher at ys sermon xvj bysshopes, and my lord mayre and the althermen, and mony juges, and ther he declaryd that of Wedynsday next to go on generall prossessyon and pray to God.

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1558. 20 Feb 1558. The xx day of Feybruary dyd pryche [at Paul's] crosse docthur Watsun (43) bysshope of Lyncoln, and mad a godly sermon, for ther wer [present ten] bysshopes, be-syd my lord mare and the althermen and juges, and men of the law, and gret [audience] ther was.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1558. 06 Mar 1558. [The vj day of March, being the second Sunday in Lent, preached before the lord mayor and the bishops] at [Paul's cross] my lord abbott of Westmynster docthur [Feckenham] (43); ther he mad a godly sermon as as bene [heard].

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1559. 01 Apr 1559. The ij day of Aprell dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Samsun.

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1559. 09 Apr 1559. The ix day of Aprell dyd pryche at Powlles crosse doctur Bylle (54) the quen('s) (25) awmer, and declaryd warfor the byshopes whent to the Towre.

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father. Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1559. 15 May 1559. The xv day of May dyd pryche at Powlles [cross] master Gryndalle (40), and ther was the quens consell, the duke of Norfoke (23), my lord keper of the seylle, and my lord of Arundell (47), my lord treysorer (76), my lord marques of Northamtun (47), my lord admerall (49), my lord of Sussex (34), my lord of Westmorland (34), my lord of Rutland (32), and mony mo lordes and knyghtes, my lord mare (50) and the althermen; and after sermon done they whent to my lord mayre (50) to dener, and my lord Russell (32).

In 1563 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572. In 1550 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 with the motto Invidia Torquet Autorem meaning Let envy torment its author. Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Anglo-Netherlandish. Portrait of Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580. Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572 wearing his Garter Collar and Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of William Parr 1st Marquess Northampton 1512-1571.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1559. 21 May 1559. The xxj day of May dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Horne (49), and ther was my lord mayre (50) and the althermen and mony juges and sergantes of the law, and a grett nombur of pepull to the nombur (blank)

Diary of Henry Machyn June 1559. 11 Jun 1559. The xj day of June dyd pryche at Powlles master [Sandys] (40), and ther was my lorde mayre (50) and the althermen, and my lord of Bedford (32), and with dyvers odur nobull men; and postulles [Apostles] masse mad an end that day, and masse a' Powlles was non that day, and the new dene toke possessyon that was afore, by my lord of Bedford (32), and thys was on sant Barnabe day; and the sam nyght thay had no evyng-song at Powlles.

Diary of Henry Machyn June 1559. 18 Jun 1559. The xviij day of June dyd pryche at Powlles crosse docthur Juell (37), and ther was my lord mare (50) and the althermen and master comtroller of the quens howse ser Edward Rogers (61), and mony mo, boyth men and women.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1559. 14 Jul 1559. The xvj day dyd pryche at Powlles crosse (blank)

Diary of Henry Machyn August 1559. 13 Aug 1559. The xiij day of August dyd pryche at Powlles crosse the bysshope of Harford, Skore (49).

Diary of Henry Machyn August 1559. 20 Aug 1559. The xx day of August, was sonday, ther was sarmon at Powlles crosse; ys name was (blank); and ther was a menester dyd penans [penance] for the marehyng [marrying] of a sertenn cupulle that was mared a-fore tyme.

Diary of Henry Machyn September 1559. 03 Sep 1559. The iij day of September dyd pryche at Powlles on Makebray, a Skott.

Diary of Henry Machyn September 1559. 10 Sep 1559. The x day of September dyd pryche at Powlles [cross] Torner, and ther was my lord mayre (50) and the [aldermen], and grett audyens of pepull boyth of the cowrt, [city, and country.]

Diary of Henry Machyn September 1559. 17 Sep 1559. [The xvij day of September did preach at Paul's cross master Veron a new] prycher, and ther was my lord mare (50) and .. grett audyense, and ther he sayd, Wher ar the bysshopes [and] old prechers? now they hyd ther hedes.

Diary of Henry Machyn September 1559. 24 Sep 1559. The xxiiij day of September dyd pryche at Powlles crosse (blank) Huntyngtun the prycher, and ther was my lord mare (50) and my masters the althermen, and grett [audience] of pepull.

Diary of Henry Machyn October 1559. 15 Oct 1559. The xv day of October did pryche at Paul's crosse Crolley (42) sum-tyme a prynter.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1559. 12 Nov 1559. [The xij day of November preached at Paul's cross] Coverdall (71) the (unfinished)

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1559. 19 Nov 1559. The xix day of November dyd pryche at P[aul's cross] master Bentun (45).

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1559. 26 Nov 1559. The xxvj day of November dyd pryche at Pow[l's cross] master Juell (37), byshope of Salyshere, and ther was my lord mare (63) and the althermen and mony of the courte, and ther was grett audyense as (has ever) bene at Powlles crosse.

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1560. 20 Feb 1560. The xx day of Feybruary dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Nowell (43); and ther was a man dyd pennans for he would have a-nodur wyffe, the wyche he had on afore.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1560. 03 Mar 1560. The sam day dyd pryche at Powlles crosse the nuwe byshope of London master Gryndall (41), in ys rochet and chyminer; and after sermon done the pepull dyd syng; and ther was my lord mayre (64) and the althermen, and ther was grett audyence.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1560. 10 Mar 1560. The x day of Marche dyd pryche at Powlles the byshope Skorre (50), and ther was my lord mare (64) and the althermen, and grett audyence, and he prechyd in ys rochett and ys chymber.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1560. 17 Mar 1560. The xvij day of Marche dyd pryche at Powlles cross Veron, parsun of sant Marttens att Ludgatt, and ther was my lord mare (64) and the masters the althermen, with mony more pepull; and after the sermon done they songe all, old and yong, a salme in myter [metre], the tune of Genevay ways.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1560. 24 Mar 1560. The xxiiij day of Marche, was mydlentt sonday, dyd pryche at Powlles [doctor] Sandes (41) the nuw byshope of Wosseter, and ther was m[y lord mayor (64)] and the althermen, and he prychyd in ys rochett [and chiminer,] and ther was my lord the erle of Bedford (33), and dyvers g[entlemen] and grett audyens of pepull.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1560. 31 Mar 1560. The xxxj day of Marche dyd pryche at Polles crosse Crolley (43), the wyche was Passyon sonday, sum tyme a [exile, and a learned writer, afterwards minister of St. Giles, Cripplegate.]

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1560. 07 Apr 1560. The vij day of Aprell, the wyche was Palm sonday, dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Wysdom.

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1560. 21 Apr 1560. The xxj day of Aprell dyd pryche at the Powlles [cross] master Samsun, and ther was my lord mare and all the althermen, and ther he concludyd the iij sermons that was at the [cross]; ther was grett audyense as has bene sene ther.

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1560. 28 Apr 1560. The xxviij day of (April) dyd pryche at the [Paul's] crosse master Coverdalle (72), and ther was my lord mare (64) and the althermen, and ther was grett audyense.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1560. 05 May 1560. The v day of May dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Mollens archedeyken of London, and he mad a goodly sermon, and ther was my lord mare and the althermen, and grett audyense was ther.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1560. 19 May 1560. The xix day of May dyd pryche at Powlles [cross] my lord byshope of Ele, docthur Kokes (67), sum-tyme dene of Westmynster, and ther was browth hym word that one had fond a (blank) of money, and any man cold or cane tell what money yt was, lett cum, and they shall have yt.

In 1571 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Bishop Richard Cox 1493-1581. In 1577 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Bishop Richard Cox 1493-1581.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1560. 26 May 1560. The xxvj day of May dyd pryche at Powlles crosse [master] Skambeler, my lord of Canturbere('s) chapelen, and ther was my lord mayre (64) and my masters the althermen, and a grett audyense.

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1561. 09 Feb 1561. The ix day of Feybruary dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Pylkyngtun (41), electyd byshope of Durram, and ther was my lord mare (65) and the althermen and my lord Robart Dudley (28) and master secretore Sysselle (40), and dyvers odur of the quen('s) consell; and after to my lord mare to dener.

In 1587 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588. Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588. Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 wearing his Garter Collar. After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636 (attributed). Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. After 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1561. 23 Mar 1561. The xxiij day of Marche dyd pryche at Powlles crosse a byshope.

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1561. 13 Apr 1561. The xiij day dyd pryche at the Powlles master Juell (38) byshope of Salysbere.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1561. 07 Jun 1561. The vij day of July dyd pryche at the Gray Frers, because yt reynyd that they cold not pryche at Powlles crosse.

Diary of Henry Machyn June 1561. 15 Jun 1561. The xv day dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Nowell (44) the dene of Powlles, and mad a goodly sermon, and my lord mayre (52) and the althermen and the most of the worshephull craftes wher commondyd to be ther, and ther wher grett audyense.

Diary of Henry Machyn June 1561. 22 Jun 1561. The xxij day of June dyd pryche at Powlles cross master Skynner, dene of Durram, and mad a godly sermon, [giving] men warnyng of a notheboke [naughty book] that ys pryntyd, and [bade every] man be ware of yt, for yt ys vere herese.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1561. 20 Jul 1561. The xx day of July dyd pryche at Powlles crosse (blank)

Diary of Henry Machyn August 1561. 05 Aug 1561. The x day of August, was sant Laurens day, Veron the Frencheman prychyd at Powlles crosse.

Diary of Henry Machyn August 1561. 21 Aug 1561. The xxj day of August dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Molens the archedecon of London.

Diary of Henry Machyn September 1561. 21 Sep 1561. The xxj day of September dyd pryche at the Powlles crosse, master Huttun (32), master of Trenete colege, and mad a godly sermon— of Cambridge.

Diary of Henry Machyn October 1561. 12 Oct 1561. The xij day of October dyd pryche at Powlles crosse (master) Crolley (44), sum-tyme a boke-prynter dwelling in Holborne, in the byshope of Ely('s) renttes.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1561. 02 Nov 1561. The ij day of November was a yonge [man] stod at Powlles crosse in the sermon tyme with a [sheet] a-bowtt hym for spykyng [speaking] of serten wordes agaynst Veron the precher.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1561. 23 Nov 1561. The xxiij day of November, the iiij yere [of] quen Elesabeth, dyd pryche at Powlles crosse Renagir, yt was sant Clement day, dyd sy[t] alle the sermon tyme monser Henry de Machyn [Note. The author of this diary], for ij [words?] the wyche was told hym, that Veron the French [man] the precher was taken with a wenche, by the rep[orting] by on Wylliam Laurans clarke of sant Mare Maudle[n's] in Mylke strett, the wyche the sam Hare [Harry] knellyd down[be-] for master Veron and the byshope, and yett (they) would nott for[give] hym, for alle ys fryndes that he had worshephulle.

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1562. 04 Jan 1562. The iiij day dyd pryche at Powlles crosse [the] dene of Powlles (45), and ther dyd a man pennans; he was dume, but the masters of Brydwell mad ym [speak], and for that cause he was there.

Diary of Henry Machyn June 1562. 21 Jun 1562. The xxj day of June dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master dene of Ettun colege be-syd Wyndsor.

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1563. 07 Feb 1563. The vij day of Feybruary dyd pryche at Powlles crosse the byshope of Durram (43), the sonday callyd Septuagesyma.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1563. 21 Mar 1563. The xxj day of Marche dyd pryche at Powlles crosse the byshope of Wynchastur (53), and mad a godly sermon.

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1563. 18 Apr 1563. The xviij day of Aprell dyd pryche at Powlles crosse master Bradley, and he declaryd the iij sermons that was prychyd at the spyttylle.

The Autobiography and Correspondence of Sir Simonds D'Ewes 1st Baronet 1602 1650 Volume 1 Chapter XI 1622. 25 Aug 1622. On Sunday, the 25th day of this month, preached one Mr. Claydon, (minister of Hackney, near London,) at St. Paul's Cross; and cited a story out of our Chronicles, of a Spanish sheep, brought into England in Edward the First's time, which infected most of the sheep of England with a murrain, and prayed God no more such sheep might be brought over from thence hither; at which many of his bearers cried out "Amen." So much generally did all men fear that Prince Charles should marry1 the King of Spain's (17) sister (16), as they ever hated that nation. He lay awhile in prison for his sermon, but was soon after set at liberty by the mediation of Sir John Ramsey (42), Knt., a Scotchman, Earl of Holderness, whose chaplain he was.

Note 1. In MS. Egerton 783, is a curious paper, entitled "A Private Consideration of the intended Marriage between Charles, Prince of Woles, and Mary of Austria, Daughter of the late Phillip the Third king of Spain."It commences as follows: — " The House of Parliament should once have been blown up, and now is supposed to be broken up for the averseness of the Commons to the Spanish match, for expressing their fears of danger and loss to the kingdom, both daily confirmed and increased by the acquires of the King of Spain, and prooeedings of the Spanish action; by our treative complements with Spain, and for protesting to preserve their rights and privileges." The proposed articles of marriage are given in the same volume.

1623. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665. 1621 to 1623. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 in Brown and Silver. 1644. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665. 1656. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665. Around 1628. Gaspar de Crayer Painter 1584-1669. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 in armour. 1666. Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo 1612-1667. Portrait of Margaret Theresa Habsburg Holy Roman Empress 1651-1673 in mourning for her father Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665. 1630. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Maria Anna of Spain Holy Roman Empress 1606-1646.

On 23 Sep 1634 Edward Rainbowe Bishop 1608-1684 (26) preached his sermon "Labour forbidden and commanded" at St Paul's Cross.