History of Temple Church

Temple Church is in Temple.

In Aug 1189 William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (43) and Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke 1172-1220 (17) were married at Temple Church. The title Earl Pembroke (1C 1138) was not included in the settlement since it had been rescinded as a consequence of Isabel's (17) father having supported King Stephen.

Before 12 Dec 1226 Robert Ros 1172-1226 died. He was buried at Temple Church.

Chronica Majora: The wretched death of Earl Gilbert marshal. "Whilst the mutability of time was thus sporting with and deluding the world with its variable occurrences, Earl Gilbert, marshal (44), had, with some other nobles, arranged a sort of tilting-match, called by some a " venture," but wliich might rather be called a " misadventure;"" they tried their strength about a crossbow-shot from Hertford; where he by his skill in knightly tactics, gained for himself the praise of military science, and was declared by all, considering his small size of body, to have justly distinguished himself for his valour. This was what the said earl chiefly aimed at; for he was, in the first place, destined to clerical orders, and was reported to be weak and unskilful in warlike exercises. He was, at this tournament, mounted on a noble horse, an Italian charger, to which he was not accustomed, accoutred in handsome armour, and surrounded by a dense body of soldiers, who soon afterwards, however, left him, and dispersed, intent on gain. Whilst the earl, then, was amusing himself by checking his horse at full speed, and anon goring his sides with his sharp spurs, to urge him to greater speed, and, as the case required, suddenly drew rein, both the reins suddenly broke off at the junction with the bit. By this accident the horse became unmanageable, and tossing up his head, struck his rider a violent blow on the breast. Some there were who imhesitatingly asserted that the bridle had been treacherously cut by some jealous person, in order that, being thus left at the mercy of his horse, he might be dashed to pieces and killed; or, at least, that he might be taken by his adversaries at will. Moreover, he had dined, and was nearly blinded by the heat, dust, and sweat, and his head was oppressed by the weight of his heavy helmet. His horse, too, could not be restrained by him, or any one else; but he, at the same time, fainted away, began to totter in his saddle, and soon after fell, half-dead, from his horse—with one foot, however, fixed in the stirrup; and in this manner he was dragged some distance over the field, by which he suffered some internal injuries, which caused his death. He expired in the evening of the 27th of June, amidst the deep and loudly-expressed sorrow of those who beheld him, at a house of the monks of Hertford. When he was about to breathe his last, having just received the viaticum, he made a bequest to the church of the blessed Virgin at Hertford, for the redemption of his soul. His body was afterwards opened, when his liver was discovered to be black and broken, from the force of the blows he had received. His entrails were buried in the said church, before the altar of St. Mary, to whom he had committed his spirit when dying. On the following day, his body—preceded by his brother (42), and accompanied by the whole of his family — was carried to London, to be buried near his father (95). At this same tournament, also, was killed one of the earl's retinue, named Robert de Saye, and his bowels were buried with those of the earl. Many other knights and men-at-arms were also wounded and seriously injured with maces, at this same tournament, because the jealousy of many of the parties concerned had converted the sport into a battle. The affairs of the cross and the interests of the Holy Land suffered great loss by the death of the said earl, for he had intended to set out for Jerusalem in the next month, without fail, having collected money from all in the country who had assumed the cross; for permission to do which, he had paid two hundred marks to the pope; following the prudent example of Earl Richard (32).

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On 27 Jun 1241 Gilbert Marshal 4th Earl Pembroke 1197-1241 (44) was killed in a tournament at Ware. He was buried at Temple Church next to his father. Walter Marshal 5th Earl Pembroke 1199-1245 (42), who also attended the tournament, succeeded 5th Earl Pembroke 2C 1199. The King Henry III King England 1207-1272 (33) had expressly forbidden the tournament leading to anger at his disobeying the King's orders.

On 31 Oct 1557 Nicholas Hare 1484-1557 (73) died. He was buried on 08 Nov 1557 at Temple Church.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1557. 08 Nov 1557. The viij day of November was bered with-in the Tempull ser Necolas Hare (73), knyght, and master of the rolles, with ij whytt branchys and (blank) torches, and a herse garnyshed with wax and penselles and armes; and with a harold of armes; and with a standard, and a penon, and cote of armes, elmett, targatt, and sword; and a viij dosen of skochyons.

Diary of Isabella Twysden 1645. 27 Jan 1645. mr white the churc man about ministeres, died the 27 of Ja: and was buried the 30. in the tempell church.

NOTE. Mr. John. White was chairman of the Committee of the House of Commons to remove scandalous ministers, which was appointed in 1640. A charge of popery or of loyalty to the King (44) was sufficient to secure ejection.

In 1611 Robert In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine. Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

On 30 Nov 1654 John Selden 1584-1654 (69) died. He was buried in Temple Church.

On 10 Dec 1674 John Vaughan of Transgoed Chief Justice 1603-1674 (71) died. He was buried at Temple Church. Edward Stillingfleet (39) spoke at his funeral.

Around 1680 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of Edward Stillingfleet Bishop of Worcester 1635-1699 when Dean of St Pauls. Around 1690 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (attributed). Portrait of Edward Stillingfleet Bishop of Worcester 1635-1699.

John Evelyn's Diary 16 May 1675. 16 May 1675. This day was my dear friend, Mrs. Blagg (22), married at the Temple Church to my friend, Mr. Sidney Godolphin (29), Groom of the Bedchamber to his Majesty (44).

In 1673. Unknown Painter, possibly Matthew Dixon. Portrait of Margaret Blagge Maid of Honour 1652-1678. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II

On 23 Feb 1681 Vere Bertie -1681 died. He was buried at Temple Church.

On 12 Feb 1684 Thomas Stayner Sculptor 1665-1733 (19) and Dorothy Basse 1662-1736 (21) were married at Temple Church.

John Evelyn's Diary 12 December 1697. 12 Dec 1697. At the Temple Church; it was very long before the service began, staying for the Comptroller of the Inner Temple, where was to be kept a riotous and reveling Christmas, according to custom.

On 20 Nov 1718 Thomas Ward Consul General Russia -1731 and Jane Goodwin 1699-1783 (19) were married at Temple Church.

In 1744. Joseph Highmore Painter 1692-1780. Portrait of the Vigor family including Jane Goodwin 1699-1783 seated left.