History of Thetford

1010 Battle of Ringmere

1485 Battle of Bosworth

Thetford is in Norfolk.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. 870. This year the army rode over Mercia into East-Anglia, and there fixed their winter-quarters at Thetford. And in the winter King Edmund fought with them; but the Danes gained the victory, and slew the king; whereupon they overran all that land, and destroyed all the monasteries to which they came. The names of the leaders who slew the king were Hingwar and Hubba. At the same time came they to Medhamsted, burning and breaking, and slaying abbot and monks, and all that they there found. They made such havoc there, that a monastery, which was before full rich, was now reduced to nothing. The same year died Archbishop Ceolnoth; and Ethered, Bishop of Witshire, was chosen Archbishop of Canterbury.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 950-999. 952. This year the Northumbrians expelled King Anlaf (25), and received Eric the son of Harold. This year also King Edred ordered Archbishop Wulfstan to be brought into prison at Jedburgh; because he was oft bewrayed before the king: and the same year the king ordered a great slaughter to be made in the town of Thetford, in revenge of the abbot, whom they had formerly slain.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1004. This year came Sweyne with his fleet to Norwich, plundering and burning the whole town. Then Ulfkytel agreed with the council in East-Anglia, that it were better to purchase peace with the enemy, ere they did too much harm on the land; for that they had come unawares, and he had not had time to gather his force. Then, under the truce that should have been between them, stole the army up from their ships, and bent their course to Thetford. When Ulfkytel understood that, then sent he an order to hew the ships in pieces; but they frustrated his design. Then he gathered his forces, as secretly as he could. The enemy came to Thetford within three weeks after they had plundered Norwich; and, remaining there one night, they spoiled and burned the town; but, in the morning, as they were proceeding to their ships, came Ulfkytel with his army, and said that they must there come to close quarters. And, accordingly, the two armies met together; and much slaughter was made on both sides. There were many of the veterans of the East-Angles slain; but, if the main army had been there, the enemy had never returned to their ships. As they said themselves, that they never met with worse hand-play in England than Ulfkytel brought them.

Battle of Ringmere

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1010. This year came the aforesaid army, after Easter, into East Anglia; and went up at Ipswich, marching continually till they came where they understood Ulfcytel was with his army. This was on the day called the first of the Ascension of our Lord. The East-Angles soon fled. Cambridgeshire stood firm against them. There was slain Athelstan, the king's relative, and Oswy, and his son, and Wulfric, son of Leofwin, and Edwy, brother of Efy, and many other good thanes, and a multitude of the people. Thurkytel Myrehead first began the flight; and the Danes remained masters of the field of slaughter. There were they horsed; and afterwards took possession of East-Anglia, where they plundered and burned three months; and then proceeded further into the wild fens, slaying both men and cattle, and burning throughout the fens. Thetford also they burned, and Cambridge; and afterwards went back southward into the Thames; and the horsemen rode towards the ships. Then went they west-ward into Oxfordshire, and thence to Buckinghamshire, and so along the Ouse till they came to Bedford, and so forth to Temsford, always burning as they went. Then returned they to their ships with their spoil, which they apportioned to the ships. When the king's army should have gone out to meet them as they went up, then went they home; and when they were in the east, then was the army detained in the west; and when they were in the south, then was the army in the north. Then all the privy council were summoned before the king (44), to consult how they might defend this country. But, whatever was advised, it stood not a month; and at length there was not a chief that would collect an army, but each fled as he could: no shire, moreover, would stand by another. Before the feast-day of St. Andrew came the enemy to Northampton, and soon burned the town, and took as much spoil thereabout as they would; and then returned over the Thames into Wessex, and so by Cannings-marsh, burning all the way. When they had gone as far as they would, then came they by midwinter to their ships.

Read More ...

Around 27 May 1072 Herfast Bishop Chancellor -1084 moved the seat of the see of the Bishop of Thetford to Thetford becoming the Bishop of Thetford.

In 1394 Elizabeth Mowbray Countess Suffolk 1394-1423 was born to Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (25) and Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (28) in Thetford. She a great x 3 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

John Evelyn's Diary 05 September 1677. 05 Sep 1677. I went to Thetford, to the borough-town, where stand the ruins of a religious house: there is a round mountain artificially raised, either for some castle, or monument, which makes a pretty landscape. As we went and returned, a tumbler showed his extraordinary address in the Warren. I also saw the Decoy; much pleased with the stratagem.

The River Thet rises near Buckenham Castle from where it flows past Wilby, North End, Snetterton, Larling, East Harling, Bridgeham, Brettenham, Kilverstone to Thetford were it joins the Little.

The Little rises near Rickenhall from where it flows past Cracken Corner. It also appears to rises near and Redgrave And Lopham Fen; it isn't clear which is the source of the Little. Thereafter it flows past Blo' Norton, Knettishall, Rushford, Barham, Thetford, where it is joined by the River Thet.

After Thetford the Little Ouse flows past Santon Downham, through Brandon, past Hockwold cum Wilton to Brandon Creek where it joins the River Great Ouse.

Thetford Abbey Thetford, Norfolk

Thetford Priory, Norfolk

On 06 Nov 1461 John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (46) died. He was buried at Thetford Priory. His son John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 (17) succeeded 4th Duke Norfolk 1C 1397 7th Earl Norfolk 3C 1312, 5th Earl Nottingham 2C 1383, 10th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283, 11th Baron Segrave 1C 1283 and Earl Marshal.

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth. His second cousin once removed Henry Tudor (28) succeeded VII King England.

Those supporting Henry Tudor included:

John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35).

John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43).

Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35).

Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (21).

Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50).

John Wingfield -1525.

Edward Woodville Lord Scales 1456-1488 (29).

Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1459-1509 (26).

Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36).

Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53).

William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47).

Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34).

William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50).

Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52).

Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38).

William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed.

James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed.

John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed. He was buried firstly at Thetford Priory and therafter at Church of St Michael the Archangel Framlingham. His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded 13th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283, 14th Baron Segrave 1C 1283. Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (41) by marriage Baroness Mowbray, Baron Segrave 1C 1283.

John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed.

Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486,.

William Norreys 1441-1507 (44), Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 (41) commanded,.

Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.

Those who fought for Richard III included:

John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47).

John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74).

Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17).

William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59).

Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28).

John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton 1437-1498 (48).

Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26).

Henry Grey 4th or 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50).

Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68).

Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29).

John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23).

Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59).

George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17).

Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.

Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.

John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.

John Babington 1423-1485 (62), William Alington 1420-1485 (65), Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43), Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

On 21 May 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (81) died at Framlingham Castle. He was buried at Thetford Priory and subsequently reburied at the Church of St Michael the Archangel Framlingham. His son Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (51) succeeded 3rd Duke Norfolk 3C 1483, 2nd Earl Surrey 3C 1483, 14th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283, 15th Baron Segrave 1C 1283. Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (27) by marriage Duchess Norfolk.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII August 1527. 16 Jul 1529. 5778. THE DIVORCE.

i. Deposition of Mary (31) wife of Henry Bourchier earl of Essex, taken at Stanstede, on Thursday, 15 July 1529, in the presence of Robert Johnson, notary public (of Norwich diocese). Her age is 44 years and over. She says that prince Arthur (42) and Katharine (43) lived as man and wife together; that the two occupied the same bed after the wedding, at London House, and were generally reputed as man and wife.

ii. Deposition of Agnes (52) widow of Thomas late duke of Norfolk (86), taken on Friday, 16 July 1529, in the church of St. Mary, of the Cluniac priory of Thetford, by Sampson Mychell, canon, in the presence of John [Fletcher] and [William] Molyneux, M.A., her chaplain. Her age is 52 years and over. She knew Henry VII. and his queen Elizabeth from the time she was 15, and remembers Katharine coming from Spain, and the marriage of Arthur and Katharine in St. Paul's. "He was then about the stature that the young [earl of] Derby is now at, but not fully so high as the same Earl is." Also, that the said prince Arthur (42) and [princess Ka]theryne (43), now being Queen, were brought to bed the next night after the said marriage; for this deponent did see them lie... me in one bed the same night, in a chamber within the said palace being prepared for them, and that this deponent left them so [lying to]gether there the said night.

Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502. Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon or Joanna Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon.