History of Tonbridge

Tonbridge is in Kent.

Tonbridge is on the River Medway.

Around 1044 Avice Clare 1044-1129 was born to Richard Clare 1024-1090 (20) and Rohese Giffard -1113 at Tonbridge.

In 1064 Robert Clare 1064-1136 was born to Richard Clare 1024-1090 (40) and Rohese Giffard -1113 at Tonbridge.

Around 1066 Roger Clare 1066-1131 was born to Richard Clare 1024-1090 (42) and Rohese Giffard -1113 at Tonbridge.

In 1088 Gilbert Clare 1066-1117 (22) was wounded at Tonbridge.

Around 1100 Gilbert Clare 1st Earl Pembroke 1100-1148 was born to Gilbert Clare 1066-1117 (34) and Adeliza Claremont 1058-1117 (42) at Tonbridge.

In 1130 Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Buckingham 1130-1176 was born to Gilbert Clare 1st Earl Pembroke 1100-1148 (30) and Isabel Beaumont Countess Pembroke at Tonbridge.

In 1154 Elena Clare 1154-1184 was born to Roger Clare 2nd Earl Hertford 1116-1173 (38) and Maud St Hilary Countess Hertford at Tonbridge.

Around 1245 Thomas Clare 1245-1287 was born to Richard Clare 6th Earl Gloucester 5th Earl Hertford 1222-1262 (22) and Maud Lacy Countess Gloucester and Hertford at Tonbridge.

On 10 Nov 1347 Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 (56) died at Tonbridge. He was buried at Tonbridge Priory. His daughter Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 (29) succeeded 2nd Baron Audley Stratton Audley in Oxfordshire.

On 06 Apr 1395 William Stafford 4th Earl Stafford 1375-1395 (19) died at Pleshy Castle. He was buried at Tonbridge. His brother Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (17) succeeded 5th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 6th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.

On 05 Sep 1492 Andrew Judde Lord Mayor of London 1492-1558 was born to John Judde -1493 and Margaret Chichele at Tonbridge..

On 18 Apr 1527 Isabel Worsley 1460-1527 (67) died at Tonbridge.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII August 1527. Aug 1528. [Aug.] Vesp. F. III. 15 b. B. M. Fiddes' Coll. 255. 197. Anne Boleyn (27) to [Wolsey (55)].
Thanks him for the gift of "this benefice for Mr. Barlow." However, it is not Tonbridge but Sonridge that she desires. The former is in her father's gift, and is not vacant. Will do all she can for those who have taken pains in the King's matter.
P.S.—Begs that for her sake he will remember the parson of Honey Lane [Farman].

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.Around 1590 based on a work of around 1520.Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530.

Around May 1884 William Hamo Thornycroft Sculptor 1850-1925 (34) and Agatha Cox 1864-1958 (19) were married at Tonbridge.

Around 1884. Joseph Parkin Mayall Photographer 1839-1906. Portrait of William Hamo Thornycroft Sculptor 1850-1925.

Richard Clare was born to Richard Clare 1024-1090 and Rohese Giffard -1113 at Tonbridge.

Isabel Clare -1088 was born to Richard Clare 1024-1090 and Rohese Giffard -1113 at Tonbridge.

Alice or Adeliza Clare -1138 was born to Richard Clare 1024-1090 and Rohese Giffard -1113 at Tonbridge.

Rohese Clare -1121 was born to Richard Clare 1024-1090 and Rohese Giffard -1113 at Tonbridge.

Walter Clare -1138 was born to Richard Clare 1024-1090 and Rohese Giffard -1113 at Tonbridge.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: On behalf of the archbishop prior and chapter of Canterbury. 27. Be it remembered that the venerable father Thomas, archbishop of Canterbury, primate of all England, earnestly prayed to the lord king in the present parliament that whereas his church of Canterbury, by the gift and grant of his noble and holy progenitors, which the same king graciously confirmed, had such prerogative over the other churches of England that whatsoever archbishop of Canterbury for the time being had custody of all lordships, manors, tenements, and rents with appurtenances which were held of the same church in chief during the minority of the heirs of their tenants, even though the same tenants elsewhere held in chief of the lord king; and now concerning the castle and manor of Tonbridge, which by virtue of this prerogative were in the custody of William de Courtenay, late archbishop of Canterbury now deceased, predecessor of the present archbishop, on the day on which he died, by reason of the minority of the heir of the earl of Stafford deceased, who held the aforesaid castle and manor from the aforesaid former archbishop in chief, dispute and controversy between the present archbishop and the executors of the will of the aforesaid late archbishop are pending at present. And whereas a certain composition was drawn up a short while ago between the archbishop of Canterbury and the prior and chapter of the church of Canterbury on the matter, it pleased the lord king, having inspected and examined that composition, to order a view and settlement of the matter for the peace and right of his said church of Canterbury, as should seem best to his royal majesty, to whose ordinance and decree on the foregoing the same archbishop proclaimed himself to be firmly obedient in all things, whereupon the same lord king immediately appointed the venerable fathers Robert archbishop of York, Robert bishop of London and John bishop of Ely, and John duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster, and John earl of Huntingdon, and Thomas the earl marshal, to inspect and examine that composition, and further to discuss and settle the matter at their discretion, and fully to inform the lord king of what their deed and action should be. And later on Monday, the last day of the aforesaid parliament [10 February 1397], the archbishop of York, and the bishops, and the aforesaid duke and earls thus appointed by order of the lord king in the same parliament returned their decree and ordinance on the aforesaid matter by Walter Clopton, the lord king's justice, in this form - namely, that the third part of all manors, lands, and tenements of the inheritance of the aforesaid heir, and the issues, profits, and revenues of the same from the time of the death of the aforesaid late archbishop, should, according to the form of the aforesaid composition, remain and be in the hands of the aforesaid prior and chapter, to be used for their own purposes; and that two parts of the aforesaid lands and tenements, with the issues, profits, and revenues of the same two parts, should remain likewise in the hands of that prior and chapter, safely and securely to keep until the lord king shall have ordained to whom those said two parts of the issues, profits, and revenues shall be delivered and has declared his will thereon. And the castle of Tonbridge will be delivered to the aforesaid present archbishop of Canterbury without delay, to remain in his hands and keeping until the the coming of age of the aforesaid heir. The which ordinance and decree thus rendered by the archbishop of York, bishops, duke and earls, the aforesaid lord king, approving thereof, ordered to be placed on record on the roll of parliament at the request of the aforesaid present archbishop of Canterbury.

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Tonbridge Castle, Kent

On 02 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (35) and Eleanor of Castile (33) arrived at Dover after an absence of four years. They travelled to London via Tonbridge Castle, home of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (30) and Reigate Castle, home of John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (43).

In 1324 Henry Cobham 1st Baron Cobham 1260-1339 (64) was appointed Constable Tonbridge Castle.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: On behalf of the archbishop prior and chapter of Canterbury. 27. Be it remembered that the venerable father Thomas, archbishop of Canterbury, primate of all England, earnestly prayed to the lord king in the present parliament that whereas his church of Canterbury, by the gift and grant of his noble and holy progenitors, which the same king graciously confirmed, had such prerogative over the other churches of England that whatsoever archbishop of Canterbury for the time being had custody of all lordships, manors, tenements, and rents with appurtenances which were held of the same church in chief during the minority of the heirs of their tenants, even though the same tenants elsewhere held in chief of the lord king; and now concerning the castle and manor of Tonbridge, which by virtue of this prerogative were in the custody of William de Courtenay, late archbishop of Canterbury now deceased, predecessor of the present archbishop, on the day on which he died, by reason of the minority of the heir of the earl of Stafford deceased, who held the aforesaid castle and manor from the aforesaid former archbishop in chief, dispute and controversy between the present archbishop and the executors of the will of the aforesaid late archbishop are pending at present. And whereas a certain composition was drawn up a short while ago between the archbishop of Canterbury and the prior and chapter of the church of Canterbury on the matter, it pleased the lord king, having inspected and examined that composition, to order a view and settlement of the matter for the peace and right of his said church of Canterbury, as should seem best to his royal majesty, to whose ordinance and decree on the foregoing the same archbishop proclaimed himself to be firmly obedient in all things, whereupon the same lord king immediately appointed the venerable fathers Robert archbishop of York, Robert bishop of London and John bishop of Ely, and John duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster, and John earl of Huntingdon, and Thomas the earl marshal, to inspect and examine that composition, and further to discuss and settle the matter at their discretion, and fully to inform the lord king of what their deed and action should be. And later on Monday, the last day of the aforesaid parliament [10 February 1397], the archbishop of York, and the bishops, and the aforesaid duke and earls thus appointed by order of the lord king in the same parliament returned their decree and ordinance on the aforesaid matter by Walter Clopton, the lord king's justice, in this form - namely, that the third part of all manors, lands, and tenements of the inheritance of the aforesaid heir, and the issues, profits, and revenues of the same from the time of the death of the aforesaid late archbishop, should, according to the form of the aforesaid composition, remain and be in the hands of the aforesaid prior and chapter, to be used for their own purposes; and that two parts of the aforesaid lands and tenements, with the issues, profits, and revenues of the same two parts, should remain likewise in the hands of that prior and chapter, safely and securely to keep until the lord king shall have ordained to whom those said two parts of the issues, profits, and revenues shall be delivered and has declared his will thereon. And the castle of Tonbridge will be delivered to the aforesaid present archbishop of Canterbury without delay, to remain in his hands and keeping until the the coming of age of the aforesaid heir. The which ordinance and decree thus rendered by the archbishop of York, bishops, duke and earls, the aforesaid lord king, approving thereof, ordered to be placed on record on the roll of parliament at the request of the aforesaid present archbishop of Canterbury.

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Tonbridge Priory, Kent

On 10 Nov 1347 Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 (56) died at Tonbridge. He was buried at Tonbridge Priory. His daughter Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 (29) succeeded 2nd Baron Audley Stratton Audley in Oxfordshire.

Tonbridge School, Kent

Around 1566 Francis Thynne 1544-1608 (22) attended at Tonbridge School.

Around 1668 Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733 (12) educated at Tonbridge School.

Around 1676 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733.

Around 1825 Reginald Courtenay Bishop 1813-1906 (12) educated at Tonbridge School.

Around 1949 Murray Beauclerk 14th Duke St Albans 1939- (9) educated at Tonbridge School.