History of Wakefield

1557 Scarborough Castle Rebellion

1460 Battle of Wakefield

Wakefield is in Yorkshire.

On 09 Apr 1436 Richard Stanhope 1360-1436 (76) died at Wakefield.

Scarborough Castle Rebellion

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1557. Apr 1557. The (blank) day of Aprell suffered dethe in [several] plases in the Northe for entrying in-to Sk[arborough] castyll, (for) the wyche at London master Thomas [Stafford] (24) was heddyd on Towre hylle; and at Tyborne John Procter aleas Wylliamsun, Wyllyam Stowe, John Bradford, and more in dyvers plases; [in York]shyre, John Wylborne, Clement Tyllyd, John Cawsewelle, and Robart Hunter, at York, [by the] dethe of hangyng, drahyns, and quarter[ing].
Item, at Skarborow suffered dethe master Thomas Sp .., John Adames, John Wattsun, skott, John .. a frencheman.
At Hulle, John Browne, Owyn Jones, suffered.
At Beverley, Hary Gardener and John Thomas suffered.
At Whyttby, Thomas Warden and John Deyctam, skott.
Att Malton [Note. Assumed to be Melton since in the East Riding like the other places mentioned rather than Mlaton in the North Riding.], Wyllyam Palmer, John Mortfurth, scott.
Att Flamborow, at Assyley, Thomas Wylkynsun.
At Byrlyngton, John Wallys.
At Awdborowre, Antony Persevall.
At Hornesey, Wylliam Wyllamsun.
At Pawlle in Holdernes, Roger Thomas.
At Hassylle, Roger Raynoldes.
At Alefax, Lawransse Alssope.
At Donkester, in Yorkeshyre, Thomas Jordayn.
At Howden, John Grey, skotte.
At Wakefeld, Robert Hawgatt, skott; and all thes for enteryng in Skarborow castylle.
.... es Stanley, of Le, in Essex.
Thomas Thorley, of Prykkyllwell, in Essex.
Hare Ramsey, of Amwell, in conte of Harford.

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On 20 May 1643 Mary Witham Baronetess Bolles 1579-1662 (63) entertained Royalist troops to a Bowling Match at Heath Old Hall. Wakefield was taken the next day by Paliamentary troops.

Around 1676 Robert Benson 1st Baron Bingley 1676-1731 was born at Wakefield.

In 1889 William Walsham How Bishop 1823-1897 (65) was appointed 1st Bishop of Wakefield.

Castleford, Wakefield, Yorkshire

The River Aire rises around Malham Tarn after which it travels broadley south-west past Skipton Castle, Kirkstall Abbey, Leeds, Methley, Castleford, where it is joined by the River Calder, within 2km of All Saints Church Ledsham then Brotherton before joining the River Ouse just north of Airmyn.

The River Calder rises on Heald Moor near Todmorden after which it passes Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Sowerby Bridge, Dewsbury, Sandal Castle, under Wakefield Bridge before joining the River Aire at Castleford.

Emley Wakefield, Yorkshire

In 1275 William Fitzwilliam 1275-1340 was born at Emley Wakefield.

Around 1275 Isabel Deincourt 1275-1325 was born to Edmund Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1250-1327 (25) and Isabel Mohun Baroness Deincourt 1243-1280 (32) at Emley Wakefield.

In 1325 Isabel Deincourt 1275-1325 (50) died at Emley Wakefield. She was buried at Sprotbrough.

On 06 Jan 1326 John Deincourt 1266-1326 (60) died at Emley Wakefield.

On 06 Jan 1327 Edmund Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1250-1327 (77) died at Emley Wakefield. His nephew William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364 (26) succeeded 9th Lord Deincourt. Millicent Zouche Baroness Deincourt -1379 by marriage Lord Deincourt. Baron Deincourt 1C 1299 abeyant.

Around Feb 1328 John Fitzwilliam 1328-1385 was born to John Fitzwilliam 1298-1349 (30) at Emley Wakefield.

Around 1346 William Fitzwilliam 1346-1398 was born to John Fitzwilliam 1328-1385 (17) at Emley Wakefield.

On 08 Apr 1398 William Fitzwilliam 1346-1398 (52) died at Emley Wakefield.

On 05 Jul 1417 John Fitzwilliam 1377-1417 (39) died at Emley Wakefield.

Heath, Wakefield, Yorkshire

Around 1636 William Jobson 2nd Baronet 1636-1666 was born to Thomas Jobson 1600-1653 (36) at Heath.

On 14 Mar 1666 William Jobson 2nd Baronet 1636-1666 (30) died without male issue at Heath. He was buried at Church of St Peter Kirkthorpe. Baronet Bolles then Jobson of Osberton extinct.

Heath Old Hall, Wakefield, Yorkshire

On 20 May 1643 Mary Witham Baronetess Bolles 1579-1662 (63) entertained Royalist troops to a Bowling Match at Heath Old Hall. Wakefield was taken the next day by Paliamentary troops.

On 05 May 1662 Mary Witham Baronetess Bolles 1579-1662 (82) died at Heath Old Hall. Her grandson William Jobson 2nd Baronet 1636-1666 (26) succeeded 2nd Baronet Bolles then Jobson of Osberton.

Around 16 Jun 1662 Mary Witham Baronetess Bolles 1579-1662 (82) was buried at All Saints Church Ledsham some six weeks after her death as stipulated by her will by which she provided £120 to "retain her kindred, friends and servants together, and to entertain other persons ordinary and extraordinary".
Her tomb consists of a large block of white marble on a black slab on which her finely carved effigy rests showing her in a winding sheet. The black slab is supported by black pillars with white capitals and base.
At the head of the tomb are the arms Witham as a widow: Or three eaglets overall a bend gules. The Witham crest: Out of a ducal coronet or a demi-woman hair dishevelled holding in dester hand a gem ring.
At the sides Jobson (impaling Witham and Bolles implaing Witham.
The inscription ...
Here under, lyeth interred the Body of the Right Worshipful Dame Mary Bolles of Heath Hall, in the County of York, Baronetess, on of the daughters of William Witham, of the worshipful and ancient Family of Witham of Leadstone Hall, in the County aforesaid, Esquire; who married to her first husband Thomas Jobson of Cudworth, in the said County, Esquire, by whom she had issue Thomas Jobson, Esquire, and Elizabeth, who married Thomas Sheerebrooke of Oxon, in the Country of Nottingham, Esquire. The said Dame Mary Bolles had to her second husband Thomas Bolles of Asbarstone, in the Country of Nottingham, Esquire; by who she had issue Ann, married the Right Worshipful Sir William Dalston of Dalston, in the County of Cumberland, King and Baronet; and Mary, who married Thomas Legh of Alington, in the County of Cheshire, Esquire. The said Dame Mary Bolles, being 83 years of age, departed this mortal life at Heath Hall, aforesaid, the 5 day of May, in the year of our Lord 1662.
Her bowels were buried at the Church of St Peter Kirkthorpe.

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Kirkthorpe, Wakefield, Yorkshire

Church of St Peter Kirkthorpe, Wakefield, Yorkshire

Around 16 Jun 1662 Mary Witham Baronetess Bolles 1579-1662 (82) was buried at All Saints Church Ledsham some six weeks after her death as stipulated by her will by which she provided £120 to "retain her kindred, friends and servants together, and to entertain other persons ordinary and extraordinary".
Her tomb consists of a large block of white marble on a black slab on which her finely carved effigy rests showing her in a winding sheet. The black slab is supported by black pillars with white capitals and base.
At the head of the tomb are the arms Witham as a widow: Or three eaglets overall a bend gules. The Witham crest: Out of a ducal coronet or a demi-woman hair dishevelled holding in dester hand a gem ring.
At the sides Jobson (impaling Witham and Bolles implaing Witham.
The inscription ...
Here under, lyeth interred the Body of the Right Worshipful Dame Mary Bolles of Heath Hall, in the County of York, Baronetess, on of the daughters of William Witham, of the worshipful and ancient Family of Witham of Leadstone Hall, in the County aforesaid, Esquire; who married to her first husband Thomas Jobson of Cudworth, in the said County, Esquire, by whom she had issue Thomas Jobson, Esquire, and Elizabeth, who married Thomas Sheerebrooke of Oxon, in the Country of Nottingham, Esquire. The said Dame Mary Bolles had to her second husband Thomas Bolles of Asbarstone, in the Country of Nottingham, Esquire; by who she had issue Ann, married the Right Worshipful Sir William Dalston of Dalston, in the County of Cumberland, King and Baronet; and Mary, who married Thomas Legh of Alington, in the County of Cheshire, Esquire. The said Dame Mary Bolles, being 83 years of age, departed this mortal life at Heath Hall, aforesaid, the 5 day of May, in the year of our Lord 1662.
Her bowels were buried at the Church of St Peter Kirkthorpe.

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On 14 Mar 1666 William Jobson 2nd Baronet 1636-1666 (30) died without male issue at Heath. He was buried at Church of St Peter Kirkthorpe. Baronet Bolles then Jobson of Osberton extinct.

Sandal, Wakefield, Yorkshire

Manygates Lane, Sandal, Wakefield, Yorkshire

Battle of Wakefield

1897. Monument to Richard 3rd Duke York on Manygates Lane at the location where he is traditionally thought to have been killed at the Battle of Wakefield.

Stafford Arms, Wakefield, Yorkshire

In 1759 George Gordon 3rd Earl Aberdeen 1722-1801 (36) and Catherine Elizabeth Hanson Couness Aberdeen 1730-1817 (29) were married. She, apparently, being the cook at the Stafford Arms, blackmailed him into marriage with a loaded pistol after he had seduced her.

Wakefield Bridge, Yorkshire

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (24) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (50), Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33), Henry Roos -1504 and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20).
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.
Richard 3rd Duke York (49) was killed. His son Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) succeeded 4th Duke York 1C 1385, 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.
Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (30), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60), William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed.
Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed.
Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed on Wakefield Bridge by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

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The River Calder rises on Heald Moor near Todmorden after which it passes Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Sowerby Bridge, Dewsbury, Sandal Castle, under Wakefield Bridge before joining the River Aire at Castleford.

Chantry Chapel, Wakefield Bridge, Yorkshire

2021. Photos of Chantry Chapel.

Wakefield Cathedral

West Bretton Wakefield, Yorkshire

Around 1500 Matthew Witham of Bretonby 1500-1545 was born to Thomas Witham of Bretonby 1454-1512 (46) at West Bretton Wakefield.