History of Westminster Abbey

1065 Consecration of Westminster Abbey

1066 Death of Edward the Confessor

1066 Harold Crowned King

1066 Coronation of William "The Conqueror"

1068 Coronation of Queen Matilda

1100 Coronation of Henry I

1135 Coronation of King Stephen

1189 Coronation of Richard I

1199 Coronation of King John

1220 Westminster Coronation of Henry III

1236 Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

1239 Christening of Edward I

1269 Translation of the Relics of Edward the Confessor

1274 Coronation Edward I

1290 Eleanor Crosses

1308 Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

1327 Coronation of Edward III

1377 Coronation of Richard II

1382 Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia and her Coronation

1399 Coronation of Henry IV

1399 Epiphany Rising

1413 Death of King Henry IV Accession of Henry V

1413 Coronation of Henry V

1421 Coronation of Catherine of Valois

1422 Funeral of Henry V

1429 English Coronation of Henry VI

1445 Coronation of Queen Margaret of Anjou

1458 Loveday

1461 Coronation of Edward IV

1465 Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

1483 Funeral of Edward IV

1483 Coronation of Richard III

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

1487 Coronation of Elizabeth of York

1511 Birth and Death of Prince Henry

1509 Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1515 Wolsey receives his Cardinal's Hat

1533 Coronation of Anne Boleyn

1547 Coronation of Edward VI

1553 Coronation of Mary I

1557 Death of Anne of Cleves

1559 Coronation of Elizabeth I

1559 Funeral of Frances Brandon

1603 Funeral of Elizabeth I

1603 Coronation of James I

1612 Funeral of Prince Frederick

1625 Death of James I

1626 English Coronation of Charles I

1628 Muder of the Duke of Buckingham

1661 Execution of Deceased Regicides

1661 Coronation of Charles II

1666 Four Days' Battle

1672 Battle of Solebay

1682 Murder of Tom of Ten Thousand Thynne

1685 Death and Burial of Charles II

1685 Coronation James II and Mary

1689 Coronation William III and Mary II

1694 Death of Queen Mary II

1702 Queen Anne Accession

1714 Coronation George I

1727 Funeral of Isaac Newton

1727 Coronation of George II

1761 Coronation of George III

1821 Coronation of King George IV

1831 Coronation of William IV

1902 Coronation of Edward VII

1923 Wedding of George V and Elizabeth Bowes Lyon

1937 Coronation of George VI

1953 Coronation of Elizabeth II

Westminster Abbey is in Westminster Abbey Area.

Consecration of Westminster Abbey

On 28 Dec 1065 the Westminster Abbey that preceded the current building, known as St Peter's Abbey, was consecrated. Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066 (62) was too ill to attend (he died eight days later).

Death of Edward the Confessor

On 05 Jan 1066 Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066 (63) died. He was buried the same day at Westminster Abbey.

Harold Crowned King

On 06 Jan 1066 Harold Godwinson II King England 1022-1066 (44) was crowned II King England having been selected by the Witan probably at Westminster Abbey. Harold quick to be crowned the day after the death and burial of Edward the Confessor.

Coronation of William "The Conqueror"

On 25 Dec 1066 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (38) was crowned I King England at Westminster Abbey by Ealdred Archbishop of York -1069.

Coronation of Queen Matilda

On 11 May 1068 Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (37) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Henry I

On 05 Aug 1100 King Henry I "Beauclerc" England 1068-1135 (32) was crowned I King England by Maurice Bishop of London -1107 at Westminster Abbey.

On 01 May 1118 Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118 (38) died at Westminster Palace. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of King Stephen

On 22 Dec 1135 Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (41) was crowned I King England at Westminster Abbey by William de Corbeil Archbishop of Canterbury.

Coronation of Richard I

On 03 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (31) was crowned I King England by Baldwin Avigo Archbishop of Canterbury 1125-1190 (64) at Westminster Abbey. William Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex Count Aumale -1189 carried the Crown. The Coronation of Richard I was marred by violence against London's Jewish population. Prior to his Coronation Richard had issued a proclamation forbidding Jews to attend. When some did a riot broke out, which spread.

Coronation of King John

On 27 May 1199 John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216 (32) was crowned I King England by Hubert Walter Archbishop of Canterbury 1160-1205 (39) at Westminster Abbey.

On 08 Oct 1200 Isabella of Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (12) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

Westminster Coronation of Henry III

On 17 May 1220 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (12) was crowned III King England at Westminster Abbey during the Westminster Coronation of Henry III since the Pope didn't consider the earlier Gloucester Coronation of Henry III to have been performed correctly. Stephen Langton Archbishop of Canterbury 1150-1228 (70) presided.

On 14 Oct 1222 Richard of Barking -1246 was elected Abbot of Westminster.

Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

On 14 Jan 1236 Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (13) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

Christening of Edward I

On 22 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was christened at Westminster Abbey. Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (35) as godfather. He was named after Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066.

On 23 Nov 1243 Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (34) and Sanchia Provence Queen Consort Germany 1228-1261 (15) were married at Westminster Abbey. They were fourth cousins. He a son of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She by marriage Countess Cornwall.

Translation of the Relics of Edward the Confessor

On 13 Oct 1269 the remains of Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066 were moved to a chapel east of the sanctuary in Westminster Abbey. Alexander III King Scotland 1241-1286 (28) and Margaret Queen of Scotland 1240-1275 (29) attended.

On 03 Aug 1271 John Plantagenet 1266-1271 (5) died at Wallingford whilst in the care of his great uncle Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (62). He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 13 Oct 1272 Edmund "Almain" Cornwall 2nd Earl Cornwall 1249-1300 (22) was knighted by King Henry III of England at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation Edward I

On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (35) was crowned I King England at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Castile (33) was crowned Queen Consort England.

Alexander III King Scotland 1241-1286 (32) and Margaret Queen of Scotland 1240-1275 (33) attended.

On 14 Oct 1274 Henry Plantagenet 1268-1274 (6) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 19 Aug 1284 Alfonso Plantagenet 1273-1284 (10) died at Windsor. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Eleanor Crosses

After 28 Nov 1290 Eleanor of Castile's body was taken from Harby to Westminster Abbey. At each of the locations at which her body rested overnight Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 commissioned the building of an Eleanor Cross. Three remain. The best example being at Geddington__Northamptonshire.

On 05 Jun 1296 Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (51) died at Bayonne. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (18) succeeded 2nd Earl of Leicester 2C 1265, 2nd Earl Lancaster. Alice Lacy Countess Leicester Countess Lancaster 5th Countess Salisbury 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (14) by marriage Countess of Leicester, Earl Lancaster.

On 29 Aug 1298 Eleanor Plantagenet 1269-1298 (29) died at Ghent. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 14 Nov 1302 Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (26) and Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Countess Essex Hereford and Holland 1282-1316 (20) were married. They were third cousins. She a daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Countess Essex, Earl Hereford 6C 1199. Westminster Abbey.

After 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

On 25 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23) was crowned II King England at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop of Winchester. Isabella of France Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) was crowned Queen Consort England.

Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24) carried the Royal Crown.

William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (30) carried the Gilt Spurs.

Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (32) carried the Royal Sceptre.

Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (27) carried the Royal Rod.

Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).

Roger Mortimer 1st Earl Dunbar aka March 1287-1330 (20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.

Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (61) attended.

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On 23 Jun 1324 Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (49) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Edward III

On 01 Feb 1327 King Edward III England (14) was crowned III King England at Westminster Abbey by Walter Reynolds, Archbishop of Canterbury.

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 1 Chapter 14 The coronation of king Edward the third. 01 Feb 1327. AFTER that the most part of the company of Hainault were departed and sir John Hainault (39) lord of Beaumont tarried, the queen (32) gave leave to her people to depart, saving a certain noble knights, the which she kept still about her and her son to counsel them, and commanded all then that departed to be at London the next Christmas, for as then she was determined to keep open court, and all they promised her so to do. And when Christmas was come, she held a great court. And thither came dukes,' earls, barons, knights, and all the nobles of the realm, with prelates and burgesses of good towns; and at this assembly it was advised that the realm could not long endure without a head and a chief lord. Then they put in writing all the deeds of the king (42) who was in prison, and all that he had done by evil counsel, and all his usages and evil behavings, and how evil he had governed his realm, the which was read openly in plain audience, to the intent that the noble sages of the realm might take thereof good advice, and to fall at accord how the realm should be governed from thenceforth. And when all the cases and deeds that the king had done and consented to, and all his behaving and usages were read and well understanded, the barons and knights and all the counsels of the realm drew them apart to counsel; and the most part of them accorded, and namely the great lords and nobles with the burgesses of the good towns, according as they had heard say and knew themselves the most part of his deeds. Wherefore they concluded that such a man (42) was not worthy to be a king, nor to bear a crown royal, nor to have the name of a king. But they all accorded that Edward (14) his eldest son, who was there present and was rightful heir, should be crowned king instead of his father, so that he would take good counsel, sage and true, about him, so than it was before, and that the old king his father (42) should be well and honestly kept as long as he lived, according to his estate. And thus as it was agreed by all the nobles, so it was accomplished; and then was crowned with a crown royal at the palace of Westminster beside London the young king Edward the third (14), who in his, days after was right fortunate and happy in arms. This coronation was in the year of our Lord MCCCXXVI., on Christmasday [Note. Other sources day 01 Feb 1327], and as then the young king was about the age of sixteen; and they held the feast till the Conversion of Saint Paul following, and in the meantime greatly was feasted sir John of Hainault (39) and all the princes and nobles of his country, and was given to him and to his company many rich jewels. And so he and his company in great feast and solace both with lords and ladies tarried till the Twelfth day. And then sir John of Hainault (39) heard tidings how that the king of Bohemia (30) and the earl of Hainault (41) his brother and other great plenty of lords of France had ordained to be at Conde at a great feast and tourney that was there cried. Then would sir John of Hainault no longer abide for no prayer, so great desire he had to be at the said tourney, and to see the earl his brother and other lords of his country, and specially the right noble king in largess the gentle Charles king of Bohemia. When the young king Edward (14) and the queen (32) his mother and the barons saw that he would no longer tarry, and that their request could not avail, they gave him leave sore against their wills, and the king (14) by the counsel of the queen (32) his mother did give him four hundred marks sterlings of rent heritable to hold of him in fee, to be paid every year in the town of Bruges, and also did give to Philip of Chateaux, his chief esquire and his sovereign counsellor, a hundred mark of rent yearly, to be paid at the said place, and also delivered him much money to pay therewith the costs of him and of his company, till he come into his own country, and caused him to be conducted with many noble knights to Dover, and there delivered hint all his passage free. And to the ladies that were come into England with the queen (32), and namely to the countess of Garennes, who was sister to the earl of Bar, and to divers other ladies and damosels, there were given many fair and rich jewels at their departing. And when sir John of Hainault was departed from the young king Edward, and all his company, and were come to Dover, they entered incontinent into their ships to pass the sea, to the intent to come betimes to the said tourney; and there went with him fifteen young lusty knights of England, to go to this tourney with him and to acquaint them with the strange lords and knights that should be there, and they had great honour of all the company that tourneyed at that time at Conde.

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After 19 Mar 1330 Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (10) was crowned II King England at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (61).

Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown.

Guichard d'Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon 3C 1377.

John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham 1C 1377.

Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (21) were knighted.

Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (23) attended.

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Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia and her Coronation

On 20 Jan 1382 King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (15) and Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) were married at Westminster Abbey by Robert Braybrooke Bishop of London -1404. They were fourth cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Queen Consort England.

It was the first royal wedding that including a Royal Procession from the Tower of London to Westminster Abbey.

Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.

In 1386 William de Colchester Abbot of Westminster -1420 was appointed Abbot of Westminster.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).

Robert Braybrooke Bishop of London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.

The future King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) carried the Lancaster Sword.

Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword.

Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 (33) and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.

Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (49) attended.

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Epiphany Rising

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House Westminster Abbey including Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (47), Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26), Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47), Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (39), John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (49), Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45). They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at a Tournament in Windsor on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Coronation of Henry V

On 09 Apr 1413 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26) was crowned V King England by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (60) at Westminster Abbey.

Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (31) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (55) was appointed Lord High Constable.

Coronation of Catherine of Valois

On 23 Feb 1421 Catherine of Valois (19) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (36) was appointed Chief Butler of England. James I (26) attended, and was honoured by sitting immediately on the queen's left at the coronation banquet.

Funeral of Henry V

On 07 Nov 1422 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (36) was buried at Westminster Abbey. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (21) attended as Chief Mourner and Standard Bearer

English Coronation of Henry VI

On 06 Nov 1429 King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (7) was crowned VI King England by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (54) at Westminster Abbey. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (4) carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (14) attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (20) was knighted.

Coronation of Queen Margaret of Anjou

On 30 May 1445 Margaret of Anjou (15), five weeks after her marriage, was crowned Queen Consort England by Archbishop John Stafford -1452 at Westminster Abbey.

Loveday

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (40) presided at Westminster Abbey at a ceremony known as the "Loveday". John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (22), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (29), Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22), Richard 3rd Duke York (46), Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (36), Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (35) and Margaret of Anjou (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

Coronation of Edward IV

On 28 Jun 1461 King Edward IV (19) was crowned IV King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (43) who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop of York 1388-1464 (73) at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of Edward IV.

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (28) was crowned Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (47) at Westminster Abbey.

King Edward IV (23) attended.

John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (23), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (25), Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (12) and William Calthorpe 1410-1494 (55) were created Knight of the Bath.

Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (21) carried her train.

Judge Richard Choke 1420-1483 (45) was created Knight of the Bath.

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On 11 Dec 1472 Margaret York 1472-1472 died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Funeral of Edward IV

On 17 Apr 1483 the coffin of Edward IV (40) was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (21), John Savage 1444-1492 (39), Thomas Wortley 1433-1514 (50), Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483 (38), probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 (33) who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (41), Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (19), Guy Wolston 1433-1490 (50), John Sapcote 1448-1501 (35), Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512 (30), John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (15), John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314.

Those in the procession included:

Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), widow of Edward's sister Anne.

William Parr KG 1434-1483 (49).

John Astley 1373-1441.

William Stonor 1450-1494 (33).

Henry Ferrers 1443-1500 (40).

James Radclyffe 1440-1484 (43).

George Browne 1440-1483 (43).

Gilbert Debenham.

John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.

John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:

Thomas Kempe Bishop of London 1390-1489 (93).

John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (83) (Bishop of Chester?).

Robert Stillington Bishop of Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63).

Edward Story Bishop of Chichester -1503.

Richard Bell Bishop of Carlisle -1496.

James Goldwell Bishop of Norwich -1499.

Bishop William Dudley 1425-1483 (58).

John Russell Bishop -1494.

Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) (as Bishop of Ely).

Edmund Tuchet Bishop of Rochester Bishop of Hereford Bishop of Salisbury 1443-1524 (40) (as Bishop of Rochester).

Peter Courtenay Bishop of Exeter Bishop of Winchester -1492, and.

Lionel Woodville Bishop of Salisbury 1447-1484 (36).

Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59) brought up the rear.

Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65), then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.

John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21); the King's nephew,.

William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52).

Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28).

William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (32) (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?).

William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57).

Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48).

Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483 (68).

John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (82).

George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (43).

John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley of Heighley 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (57).

Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 (51).

Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492 (51).

Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489 (7).

Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30).

John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512 (35).

Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1433-1503 (50).

John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (45).

Thomas Bourchier -1492.

Thomas Bourchier -1533.

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Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.

John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1433-1503 (50), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.

Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.

Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.

Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed Knight of the Bath.

Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.

Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

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On 29 Nov 1483 Bishop William Dudley 1425-1483 (58) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London to Westminster Abbey. Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox (37), almoner Christopher Urswick (37), the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms. Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50), John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59). Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53), created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43).

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

On 30 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) was crowned VII King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) at Westminster Abbey. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (42), his mother, attended.

Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (24) attended as the Kings' Champion.

John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) carried the King's train.

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

On 18 Jan 1486 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) and Elizabeth, Edward IV's eldest daughter (19) were married at Westminster Abbey. They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England. She a daughter of King Edward IV of England 1442-1483. She by marriage Queen Consort England.

Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Coronation of Elizabeth of York

On 25 Nov 1487 Elizabeth of York (21) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (36), Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (17), Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1453-1499 (34), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (36), Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (34), William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (36) and Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (37), who carried the Rod and Dove, attended as did Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 (18).

On 21 Feb 1499 Edmund Tudor 1st Duke Somerset 1499-1500 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (33) at the Palace of Placentia being their sixth child. On 24 Feb 1499 he was christened at the Church of the Observant Friars. His godparents were Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (55), Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (21) and Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (51), then Bishop of Durham. He is believed to have been created 1st Duke Somerset 3C 1499 on the same day although there is no documentation. On 19 Jun 1500 he died at the Royal Palace, Hatfield; possibly of plague of which an outbreak was occuring. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

On 27 Oct 1500 Abbot John Islip 1464-1532 (36) was elected Abbot of Westminster.

Birth and Death of Prince Henry

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VIII 1st Year. 1509. The coronation of Kinge Henrie the Eight (17), which was the 24th of June, A.D. 1509.

This yeare, Prince Henrie, the Kings (19) first sonne, was borne at Richmonde on Newe Yeares daye, and on St. Mathie's day [Note. 23 Feb] after the saide Prince died, and was buried at Westminster.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII April 1509. Apr 1509. Will of Henry VII (52):

At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.

Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.

His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated (blank) day of (blank) in the (blank) year of his reign.

His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (31), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.

His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.

Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.

For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.

Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.

To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.

Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.

Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors.".

Before 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532. Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532. Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck. In 1544 Master John Painter. Portrait of Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533. 1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Equestrian Portrait of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558. 1519. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541. Portrait of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558.

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Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII (17) was crowned VIII King England at Westminster Abbey. Catherine of Aragon (23) was created Queen Consort England.

Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (31), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (32) and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (66) attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (16) was knighted. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (48) attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (26) was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.

Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon or Joanna Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon. Before 1537 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539. Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542. He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife.

Birth and Death of Prince Henry

On 01 Jan 1511 Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 was born to Henry VIII (19) and Catherine of Aragon (25) at Richmond Palace. He was appointed Duke Cornwall at birth.

On 22 Feb 1511 Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Wolsey receives his Cardinal's Hat

In 1515 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530 (41) received his Cardinal's hat at a ceremony attended by Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape 1468-1530 (47) and Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (32) at Westminster Abbey.

Around 1590 based on a work of around 1520.Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530.

Coronation of Anne Boleyn

On 01 Jun 1533 the six months pregnant Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (32) was crowned Queen Consort England by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (43) at Westminster Abbey. See Coronation of Anne Boleyn.

John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (62) bore the Crown. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (16) carried the Salt. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (46) rode in the procession. William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (38) was appointed Master of the Horse. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (50) served as Lord Sewer. Henry Parker 1513-1552 (20) and William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (38) were knighted. Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1505-1534 (28) and Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle 1507-1560 (26) were created Knight of the Bath. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (46) rode in the procession. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (44) attended.

Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (55) refused to attend. Shortly thereafter, More was charged with accepting bribes, but the charges had to be dismissed for lack of any evidence.

Anne Braye Baroness Cobham 1501-1558 (32) was the attendant horsewoman.

Charles Wriotheley Officer of Arms 1508-1562 (25) attended.

Around 1534 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England. The attribution is contentious. Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England. 1533 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556. In 1544 Gerlach Flicke Painter 1520-1558. Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556. 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant.

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Coronation of Edward VI

On 20 Feb 1547 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9) was crowned VI King England at Westminster Abbey.

John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (62) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (34) was appointed Lord High Constable.

Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (18), George Vernon "King of the Peak" 1508-1565 (39), Richard Devereux 1513-1547 (34) and William Sharington 1495-1553 (52) were created Knight of the Bath.

Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon 1514-1560 (33), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418, William Sharington 1495-1553 (52), John Shelton 1503-1558 (44) and Walter Buckler -1556 were knighted.

Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (39) attended as the King's Champion.

Alexander Unton 1494-1547 (53) and Edward Rogers Comptroller 1498-1568 (49) were knighted.

Around 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 Around 1546 Unknown Painter. After William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553. Around 1547. Workshop of Master John Painter. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553. In 1550 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 with the motto Invidia Torquet Autorem meaning Let envy torment its author. Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Anglo-Netherlandish. Portrait of Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580. In 1559 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 wearing a Garter Collar and St George Pendant. Around 1542 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of William Sharington 1495-1553.

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Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 1st Year 1547-1548. . The twentith daie of Februarie, being the Soundaie Quinquagesima, the Kinges Majestie Edward the Sixth (9), of the age of nyne yeares and three monthes, was crowned King (9) of this realme of Englande, France, and Irelande, within the church of Westminster, with great honor and solemnitie, and a great feast keept that daie in Westminster Hall which was rychlie hanged, his Majestic sitting all dynner with his crowne on his head; and, after the second course served, Sir Edward Dymmocke (39), knight, came ridinge into the hall in clene white complete harneis, rychlie gilded, and his horse rychlie trapped, and cast his gauntlett to wage battell against all men that wold not take him for right King (9) of this realme, and then the King (9) dranke to him and gave him a cupp of golde; and after dynner the King (9) made many knightes, and then he changed his apparell, and so rode from thence to Westminster Place.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 1st Year 1547-1548. The fourth daie of November, 1547, the Kinges Majestie (10) beganne his High Court of Parliament at his cittie of Westminster, his Edward the Majestic ryding from his pallace of Westminster to the church of Saint Peter in his perliament robes, with all his Lordes Spirituall and Temporall riding in their robes also; and afore the masse of the Holic Ghost there was a sermon made before the King by Doctor Ridley, Bishopp of Rochester (47); and after that the masse beganne, Gloria in eacelsis, the Creede, Sanctus, Benedictus, and the Agnus were all songen in Englishe; the masse ended, his Majestie with his Lordes went into the Perliament Chamber, where my Lord Chauncelor (50) made a grete proposition for the assembly of the said Parliament, and, that donne, the King putt of his robes, and went to his pallace at Westminster by water. Sir John Baker, knight, Chauncelor of the Tenthes, was chosen Speaker of the Commens Howse for the said Perliament.

Coronation of Mary I

On 30 Sep 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) made her formal journey from the Tower of London to Westminster Abbey. She was accompanied by Mary Roper 1523-1572 (30).

Bishop George Day 1501-1556 (52) preached.

Around 1554 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558. Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558.

On 01 Oct 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) was crowned I Queen of England and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.

Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (26) carried the Sword of State.

John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (73) bore the queen's train. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (45) attended as the Queen's Champion. James Blount 6th Baron Mountjoy 1533-1582 (20) and Henry Parker 12th Baron Marshal 11th Baron Morley 1533-1577 (20) were created Knight of the Bath. Thomas Hastings 1515- (38) and John Leigh 1502-1564 (51) were knighted. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (80) and Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland 1525-1563 (28) attended.

Anne of Cleves (38) took part in the procession.

Around 1555. Attributed Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564 of the English School. Portrait of Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556. Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Anne of Cleves.

Diary of Henry Machyn December 1555. 01 Dec 1555. The furst day of December was reseyvyd with pressessyon my lord cardenall Pole (55) into Westmynster abbay; and ther mett hym x[viij bishops,] and the bysshope of Yorke (54) dyd menyster with ys myter; [and they] whent a pressessyon a-bowt the chyrche and the cloyster.

In 29 Nov 1556 John de Feckenham aka Howman 1515-1585 (41) was consecrated Abbot of Westminster.

Death of Anne of Cleves

On 16 Jul 1557 Anne of Cleves (41) died at Chelsea Manor. She was buried at Westminster Abbey on 03 Aug 1557. She was the last of Henry VIII's six wives to die having outlived him by ten years.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1557. 26 Nov 1557. The xxvj day of November was bered my lade [Clifford] the wyff of ser Thomas Clyfford knyght, the wyche [was] bered in Westmynster abbay, the wyche lade was bered in the [cou]ntie of (blank), with a harold of armes, and a ij dosen torchys, and iij dosen of skochyons, and iiij baners of armes, [and] a hersecloth of blake saten, the crosse whyt saten.

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1558. 20 Jan 1558. The xx day of January begane the parlement at Westmynster—the v yere of quen Mare. Her grace toke her charett at the Whytt-halle, and her lordes of the parlement, and the bysshopes and prestes, and so to the abbay to the masse, and after to the parlement-howse, and so the trumpetes.

Diary of Henry Machyn October 1558. 23 Oct 1558. The sam day was bered in the abbay master Gennyngs (42), with ij whyt branchys and a ij dosen skochyons of armes, and xvj torchys and iiij gret tapurs, and mony morners in blake, and pore men had gownes.

After 17 Nov 1558 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Elizabeth I

On 15 Jan 1559 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (25) was crowned I King England by Bishop Owen Oglethorpe 1507-1559 (52) at Westminster Abbey.

Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (19) carried the train. Archbishop Nicholas Heath 1501-1578 (58) censed. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (51) attended as the Queen's Champion. Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (22), Francis Talbot 5th Earl Shrewsbury 5th Earl Waterford 1500-1560 (59), Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (46), Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (16) and William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (58) attended.

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father. Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1562 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564. The Arms top left not Audley. Neither is the motto partially showing. In 1563 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572. Before 1623. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623. Around 1560 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570.

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1559. 15 Jan 1559. The xv day was the crounasyon of quen Elsabeth (25) at Westmynster abbay, and theyr all the trumpettes, and knyghtes, and lordes, and haroldes of armes in ther cotte armurs; and after all they in ther skarlett, and all the bysshopes in skarlett, and the Quen, and all the fottmen waytyng a-pone the quene, to Westmynster hall; ther mett all the byshoppes, and all the chapell with iij crosses, and in ther copes, the byshoppes mytered, and syngyng Salve festa dyes; and all the strett led with gravell, and bluw cloth unto the abbay, and raylled on evere syd, and so to the abbay to masse, and ther her grasse was crounyd; and evere offeser rede against she shuld go to dener to Westmynster hall, and evere offeser to take ys offes at serves a-pone ther landes; and my lord mare (50) and the althermen.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1559. 07 Nov 1559. The vij day of November was bered in Westmynster abbay master Recherd Knevett (44) sqwyre, with a dosen skochyons.

Funeral of Frances Brandon

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1559. 05 Dec 1559. The v day (of) Dessember was bered in Westmynster abbay my lade Frances (42) the wyff of Hare duke of Suffolke (42), with a gret baner of armes and viij banar-rolles, and a hersse and a viij dosen penselles, and a viij dosen skockyons, and ij haroldes of armes, master Garter (49) and master Clarenshux (49), and mony morners.Funeral of Frances Brandon

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1561. 05 Nov 1561. The sam day of November dyd pryche at Westmynster abbay master Alway, one of the plasse, and mad a godly sermon ther, and grett audyense.

On 20 Apr 1578 Mary Grey 1545-1578 (33) died. Her funeral was held at Westminster Abbey.

On 01 Sep 1582 Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Ormonde Countess Ossory 1534-1582 (47) died. She was buried in Westminster Abbey.

On 11 Apr 1587 Thomas Bromley Lord Chancellor 1530-1587 (57) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 12 Aug 1596 Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 (70) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Funeral of Elizabeth I

On 28 Apr 1603 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (69) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Helena Snakenbourg Marchioness Northampton 1549-1635 (54) was Chief Mourner in the procession since Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (28) refused to take part. She was supported by Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (60) and Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67).

George Bourchier 1535-1605 (68) carried the Standard of the Dragon.

Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 (18) carried the Standard of the Greyhound.

Thomas Somerset -1648 carried the Standard of the Lyon.

William Segar Painter 1554-1663 (49) carried the Sword of State as Norrey King of Arms.

PAINTINGS/UNKNOWN/Funeral_of_Elizabeth_I.jpgAdmiral_Richard_Leveson_1570_1605 was one of the six knights who carried the canopy.

In 1605 Robert 1576. Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Miniature Portrait of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624. Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624. Around 1615 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650. In 1634 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 wearing his Leg Garter and Garter Collar. Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650. Around 1615 Unknown Painter. Posthumous portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 wearing his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

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Coronation of James I

On 25 Jul 1603 King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.

Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67) was appointed Lord High Steward.

On 26 Jul 1603 Thomas Bennett Lord Mayor of London 1543-1627 (60) was knighted.

On 27 Jul 1603 William Wrey 1st Baronet Wrey -1636 was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

On 30 Jul 1603 Richard Preston 1st Earl Desmond -1628 was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

Bishop Thomas Bilson 1547-1616 (56) gave the sermon. While the wording conceded something to the divine right of kings, it also included a caveat about lawful resistance to a monarch.

Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. Around 1605 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter. In 1621 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter. Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. 1623. Adam de Colone 1572-1651. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. 1580. Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625.

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On 19 Apr 1608 Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (72) died suddenly at the council table, having apparently suffered a stroke. His funeral was held at Westminster Abbey. He was buried in the Sackville Chapel St Michael's Church Withyham East Sussex. Robert Sackville 2nd Earl Dorset 1561-1609 (47) succeeded 2nd Earl Dorset 4C 1604. Anne Spencer Countess Dorset -1618 by marriage Countess Dorset.

Before 1591. Hieronimo Custodis Painter -1593. Portrait of Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608.

On 28 Aug 1609 Francis Vere 1561-1609 (48) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1612 the remains of Mary Queen of Scots (69) were moved to Westminster Abbey on the orders of her son King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (45).

Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. Around 1575. Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of George Seton 5th Lord Seton -1513. Wearing the clothes he wore at the wedding of Mary Queen of Scots and the French Dauphin on 24 Apr 1558.

Funeral of Prince Frederick

On 07 Dec 1612 Henry Frederick Stewart Prince of Wales 1594-1612 (18) was buried at Westminster Abbey. His body had lain in state for a month at St James's Palace. Two thousand mourners attended in the procession and people of all ages lined the streets. Archbishop Abbott (50) gave the funeral sermon. A magnificent hearse was erected on which was placed his richly clothed funeral effigy. The robes were those worn by the Prince at his creation as Princes of Wales in 1610. This effigy was made by Richard Norris with the plaster face modelled by Abraham Van der Doort.

Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (34) carried the shield.

Before 1619 Robert After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

On 29 Sep 1615 Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (40) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 08 Feb 1617 Edward Talbot 8th Earl Shrewsbury 8th Earl Waterford 1561-1617 (55) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. George Talbot 9th Earl Shrewsbury 9th Earl Waterford 1566-1630 (50) succeeded 9th Earl Shrewsbury 2C 1442, 9th Earl Waterford.

1586. Hieronimo Custodis Painter -1593. Portrait of Edward Talbot 8th Earl Shrewsbury 8th Earl Waterford 1561-1617.

On 02 Mar 1618 Elizabeth Spencer Baroness Hunsdon Baroness Eure 1552-1618 (65) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 10 Sep 1619 Christopher Hatton 1581-1619 (38) died intestate. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

On 16 Feb 1624 Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624 (49) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke Lennox 1579-1624 (45) succeeded 3rd Duke Lennox. Katherine Clifton Duchess Lennox 1592-1637 (32) by marriage Duchess Lennox.

Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624.

On or before 11 Mar 1624 Katherine Packer of Shelingford Lady Gell 1624-1671 was born to John Packer Clerk to the Privy Seal 1572-1649 (51) in Groombridge. She was baptised on 11 Mar 1624 in Westminster Abbey.

Death of James I

On 07 May 1625 King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (58) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

English Coronation of Charles I

On 02 Feb 1626 King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (25) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey. His wife Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (16) was not crowned since she being Catholic refused to attend an Anglican service. She watched Charles at a discreet distance.

Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl of Sussex 1573-1629 (52) carried the Orb.

Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1687 (3) bore the Second Sword of State.

Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 (41) carried the Spurs.

Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (48) bore the Rod with the Dove.

William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (8), James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651 (19), James Howard 3rd Earl Suffolk 1619-1689 (6), Roger Palmer 1577-1657 (49) and Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl Westmoreland 1602-1666 (24), John Maynard 1592-1658 (34) were appointed Knight of the Bath.

John Rayney 1st Baronet 1601-1661 (25) was knighted.

In 1611 Robert In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine. Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649. Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669. Around 1580 based on a work of 1565.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl of Sussex 1573-1629 wearing his Garter Collar and holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. In 1631 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684. Around 1647. Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 although the painting says somewhat curiously 2nd Earl Devonshire. In 1626 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt Painter 1566-1641 (attributed). Portrait of James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651. Around 1640 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651. Tabley House. Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651 and Charlotte Thouars Countess Derby 1599-1664 and their daughter. Before 1744 Enoch

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On 10 Mar 1627 Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (51) died at Richmond. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Muder of the Duke of Buckingham

On 23 Aug 1628 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628 (35) was murdered at Greyhound Pub Portsmouth by a disgruntled soldier John Felton. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham 2C 1623, 2nd Earl Buckingham 5C 1617, 19th Baron Ros Helmsley.

Before 1628 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt Painter 1566-1641. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628. In 1616 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628 wearing his Garter Robes and Leg Garter. Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628. In 1619 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628. Around 1625 Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628. Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 wearing his Garter Collar.

Around Jan 1631 Bridget Vere Baroness Norreys Rycote 1564-1631 (66) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 09 Apr 1634 Thomas Carey 1616-1634 (18) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 08 May 1635 Horace Vere 1st Baron Vere Tilbury 1565-1635 (70) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1629 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt Painter 1566-1641. Portrait of Horace Vere 1st Baron Vere Tilbury 1565-1635.

On 08 Oct 1639 Frances Howard Duchess Lennox Duchess Richmond 1578-1639 (61) died at Exeter House. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Before 1636 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. Portrait of Frances Howard Duchess Lennox Duchess Richmond 1578-1639.

John Evelyn's Diary 27 April 1641. 27 Apr 1641, came over out of Holland the young Prince of Orange (14), with a splendid equipage, to make love to his Majesty's (40) eldest daughter (9), the now Princess Royal.

That evening, was celebrated the pompous funeral of the Duke of Richmond (66), who was carried in effigy, with all the ensigns of that illustrious family, in an open chariot, in great solemnity, through London to Westminster Abbey.

Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Mary Stewart Princess Orange 1631-1660. In 1656 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Mary Stewart Princess Orange 1631-1660. Around 1658 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Mary Stewart Princess Orange 1631-1660.

On 14 Sep 1646 Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (55) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. The Earldom Earl Essex 8C 1572 extinct. Walter Devereux 5th Viscount Hereford 1575-1656 (71) succeeded 5th Viscount Hereford.

On 05 Jan 1650 James Palmer Vicar St Brides 1585-1660 (68) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 March 1652. 06 Mar 1652. Saw the magnificent funeral of that arch-rebel, Ireton (41), carried in pomp from Somerset House to Westminster, accompanied with divers regiments of soldiers, horse and foot; then marched the mourners, General Cromwell (52) (his father-in-law), his mock-parliament-men, officers, and forty poor men in gowns, three led horses in housings of black cloth, two led in black velvet, and his charging horse, all covered over with embroidery and gold, on crimson velvet; then the guidons, ensigns, four heralds, carrying the arms of the State (as they called it), namely, the red cross and Ireland, with the casque, wreath, sword, spurs, etc.; next, a chariot canopied of black velvet, and six horses, in which was the corpse; the pall held up by the mourners on foot; the mace and sword, with other marks of his charge in Ireland (where he died of the plague), carried before in black scarfs. Thus, in a grave pace, drums covered with cloth, soldiers reversing their arms, they proceeded through the streets in a very solemn manner. This Ireton was a stout rebel, and had been very bloody to the King's (21) party, witness his severity at Colchester, when in cold blood he put to death those gallant gentlemen, Sir Charles Lucas (39) and Sir George Lisle. My cousin, R. Fanshawe (43), came to visit me, and informed me of many considerable affairs. Sir Henry Herbert (57) presented me with his brother, my Lord Cherbury's book, "De Veritate"..

Around 1650. Robert Walker Painter 1599-1658. Portrait of Henry Ireton 1611-1651. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Around 1644. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Richard Fanshawe 1st Baronet Fanshawe 1608-1666.

On 19 Jun 1652 Francis Cottington 1st Baron Cottington 1579-1652 (73) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

On 14 Sep 1659 Anne Bayning Countess Oxford 1637-1659 (22) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey on 27 Sep 1659.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 08 January 1660. 08 Jan 1660. Sunday. In the morning I went to Mr. Gunning's (46), where a good sermon, wherein he showed the life of Christ, and told us good authority for us to believe that Christ did follow his father's trade, and was a carpenter till thirty years of age. From thence to my father's (58) to dinner, where I found my wife (19), who was forced to dine there, we not having one coal of fire in the house, and it being very hard frosty weather. In the afternoon my father (58), he going to a man's to demand some money due to my Aunt Bells my wife (19) and I went to Mr. Mossum's (43), where a strange doctor made a very good sermon. From thence sending my wife (19) to my father's (58), I went to Mrs. Turner's (37), and staid a little while, and then to my father's (58), where I found Mr. Sheply, and after supper went home together. Here I heard of the death of Mr. Palmer (78), and that he was to be buried at Westminster tomorrow.

Before 1684. Circle of Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Peter Gunning Bishop 1614-1684.

On 14 Nov 1660 Thomas Blagge 1613-1660 (47) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 25 December 1660. 25 Dec 1660. Preached at the Abbey, Dr. Earle (59), Clerk of his Majesty's Closet, and my dear friend, now Dean Westminster Abbey, on Luke II 13, 14, condoling the breach made in the public joy by the lamented death of the Princess (29).

John Evelyn's Diary 06 January 1661. 06 Jan 1661. Dr. Allestree (39) preached at the Abbey, after which four Bishops were consecrated, Hereford (51), Norwich (61), ...

This night was suppressed a bloody insurrection of some Fifth-Monarchy enthusiasts. Some of them were examined at the Council the next day; but could say nothing to extenuate their madness and unwarrantable zeal.

I was now chosen (and nominated by his Majesty (30) for one of the Council), by suffrage of the rest of the members, a Fellow of the Philosophic Society now meeting at Gresham College, where was an assembly of divers learned gentlemen. This being the first meeting since the King's (30) return; but it had been begun some years before at Oxford, and was continued with interruption here in London during the Rebellion.

There was another rising of the fanatics, in which some were slain.

Execution of Deceased Regicides

John Evelyn's Diary 30 January 1661. 30 Jan 1661. Was the first solemn fast and day of humiliation to deplore the sins which had so long provoked God against this afflicted church and people, ordered by Parliament to be annually celebrated to expiate the guilt of the execrable murder of the late King.

This day (Oh, the stupendous and inscrutable judgments of God!) were the carcasses of those arch-rebels, Cromwell (61), Bradshawe (59) (the judge who condemned his Majesty (30)), and Ireton (50) (son-in-law to the Usurper), dragged out of their superb tombs in Westminster among the Kings, to Tyburn, and hanged on the gallows there from nine in the morning till six at night, and then buried under that fatal and ignominious. Monument in a deep pit; thousands of people who had seen them in all their pride being spectators. Look back at October 22 1658, and be astonished! and fear God and honor the King (30); but meddle not with them who are given to change!

John Evelyn's Diary 29 March 1661. 29 Mar 1661. Dr. Heylin (author of the "Geography") preached at the Abbey, on Cant. v. 25, concerning friendship and charity; he was, I think, at this time quite dark, and so had been for some years.

Coronation of Charles II

On 20 Apr 1661 Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674 (52) was created 1st Earl Clarendon 1C 1661 at Westminster Abbey on the occasion of the Coronation Charles II. Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon 1617-1667 (43) by marriage Countess Clarendon.

Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674.

John Evelyn's Diary 23 April 1661. 23 Apr 1661. Was the coronation of his Majesty (30) Charles II in the Abbey-Church of Westminster; at all which ceremony I was present. the King (30) and his Nobility went to the Tower, I accompanying my Lord Viscount Mordaunt (34) part of the way; this was on Sunday, the 22d; but indeed his Majesty (30) went not till early this morning, and proceeded from thence to Westminster in this order:

First went the Duke of York's Horse Guards. Messengers of the Chamber. 136 Esquires to the Knights of the Bath, each of whom had two, most richly habited. The Knight Harbinger. Sergeant Porter. Sewers of the Chamber. Quarter Waiters. Six Clerks of Chancery. Clerk of the Signet. Clerk of the Privy Seal. Clerks of the Council, of the Parliament, and of the Crown. Chaplains in ordinary having dignities, 10. King's Advocates and Remembrancer. Council at Law. Masters of the Chancery. Puisne Sergeants. King's Attorney and Solicitor. King's eldest Sergeant. Secretaries of the French and Latin tongue. Gentlemen Ushers. Daily Waiters, Sewers, Carvers, and Cupbearers in ordinary. Esquires of the body, 4. Masters of standing offices, being no Counsellors, viz, of the Tents, Revels, Ceremonies, Armory, Wardrobe, Ordnance, Requests. Chamberlain of the Exchequer. Barons of the Exchequer. Judges. Lord Chief-Baron. Lord Chief-Justice of the Common Pleas. Master of the Rolls. Lord Chief-Justice of England. Trumpets. Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber. Knights of the Bath, 68, in crimson robes, exceeding rich, and the noblest show of the whole cavalcade, his Majesty (30) excepted. Knight Marshal. Treasurer of the Chamber. Master of the Jewels. Lords of the Privy Council. Comptroller of the Household. Treasurer of the Household. Trumpets. Sergeant Trumpet. Two Pursuivants at Arms. Barons. Two Pursuivants at Arms. Viscounts. Two Heralds. Earls. Lord Chamberlain of the Household (59). Two Heralds. Marquises. Dukes. Heralds Clarencieux and Norroy. Lord Chancellor (52). Lord High Steward of England. Two persons representing the Dukes of Normandy and Acquitaine, viz, Sir Richard Fanshawe and Sir Herbert Price, in fantastic habits of the time. Gentlemen Ushers. Garter. Lord Mayor of London. The Duke of York alone (the rest by twos). Lord High Constable of England. Lord Great Chamberlain of England. The sword borne by the Earl Marshal of England. the King (30), in royal robes and equipage. Afterward, followed equerries, footmen, gentlemen pensioners. Master of the Horse, leading a horse richly caparisoned. Vice-Chamberlain. Captain of the Pensioners. Captain of the Guard. The Guard. The Horse Guard. The troop of Volunteers, with many other officers and gentlemen.

This magnificent train on horseback, as rich as embroidery, velvet, cloth of gold and silver, and jewels, could make them and their prancing horses, proceeded through the streets strewed with flowers, houses hung with rich tapestry, windows and balconies full of ladies; the London militia lining the ways, and the several companies, with their banners and loud music, ranked in their orders; the fountains running wine, bells ringing, with speeches made at the several triumphal arches; at that of the Temple Bar (near which I stood) the Lord Mayor was received by the Bailiff of Westminster, who, in a scarlet robe, made a speech. Thence, with joyful acclamations, his Majesty (30) passed to Whitehall. Bonfires at night.

The next day, being St. George's, he went by water to Westminster Abbey. When his Majesty (30) was entered, the Dean and Prebendaries brought all the regalia, and delivered them to several noblemen to bear before the King (30), who met them at the west door of the church, singing an anthem, to the choir. Then, came the Peers, in their robes, and coronets in their hands, till his Majesty (30) was placed on a throne elevated before the altar. Afterward, the Bishop of London (the Archbishop of Canterbury (79) being sick) went to every side of the throne to present the King (30) to the people, asking if they would have him for their King, and do him homage; at this, they shouted four times "God save King Charles II!" Then, an anthem was sung. His Majesty (30), attended by three Bishops, went up to the altar, and he offered a pall and a pound of gold. Afterward, he sat down in another chair during the sermon, which was preached by Dr. Morley (63), Bishop of Worcester.

After sermon, the King (30) took his oath before the altar to maintain the religion, Magna Charta, and laws of the land. The hymn Véni S. Sp. followed, and then the Litany by two Bishops. Then the Archbishop of Canterbury (79), present, but much indisposed and weak, said "Lift up your hearts"; at which, the King (30) rose up, and put off his robes and upper garments, and was in a waistcoat so opened in divers places, that the Archbishop (79) might commodiously anoint him, first in the palms of his hands, when an anthem was sung, and a prayer read; then, his breast and between the shoulders, bending of both arms; and, lastly, on the crown of the head, with apposite hymns and prayers at each anointing; this done, the Dean closed and buttoned up the waistcoat. After which, was a coif put on, and the cobbium, sindon or dalmatic, and over this a super-tunic of cloth of gold, with buskins and sandals of the same, spurs, and the sword; a prayer being first said over it by the Archbishop (79) on the altar, before it was girt on by the Lord Chamberlain (59). Then, the armill, mantle, etc. Then, the Archbishop placed the crown imperial on the altar, prayed over it, and set it on his Majesty's (30) head, at which all the Peers put on their coronets. Anthems, and rare music, with lutes, viols, trumpets, organs, and voices, were then heard, and the Archbishop put a ring on his Majesty's (30) finger. the King (30) next offered his sword on the altar, which being redeemed, was drawn, and borne before him. Then, the Archbishop delivered him the sceptre, with the dove in one hand, and, in the other, the sceptre with the globe. the King (30) kneeling, the Archbishop (79) pronounced the blessing. His Majesty (30) then ascending again his royal throne, while Te Deum was singing, all the Peers did their homage, by every one touching his crown. The Archbishop (79), and the rest of the Bishops, first kissing the King (30); who received the Holy Sacrament, and so disrobed, yet with the crown imperial on his head, and accompanied with all the nobility in the former order, he went on foot upon blue cloth, which was spread and reached from the west door of the Abbey to Westminster stairs, when he took water in a triumphal barge to Whitehall where was extraordinary feasting.

Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Manchester 1602-1671.

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On 23 Apr 1661 Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.

John Bennet 1st Baron Ossulston 1616-1695 (44),Francis Fane -1691 and Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 (28) were appointed Knight of the Bath.

Francis Godolphin 1605-1667 (55) was knighted.

Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland 1644-1670 (16) attended.

James Howard 3rd Earl Suffolk 1619-1689 (42) was appointed Earl Marshal.

In 1633 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of Francis Godolphin 1605-1667. Around 1658 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland 1644-1670. Around 1672 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland 1644-1670.

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On 06 May 1661 Charles Stewart 1660-1661 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 November 1661. 10 Nov 1661. In the afternoon, preached at the Abbey Dr. Basire, that great traveler, or rather French Apostle, who had been planting the Church of England in divers parts of the Levant and Asia. He showed that the Church of England was, for purity of doctrine, substance, decency, and beauty, the most perfect under Heaven; that England was the very land of Goshen.

John Evelyn's Diary 20 December 1661. 20 Dec 1661. The Bishop of Gloucester (70) preached at the Abbey at the funeral of the Bishop of Hereford (51), brother to the Duke of Albemarle (53). It was a decent solemnity. There was a silver miter, with episcopal robes, borne by the herald before the hearse, which was followed by the Duke his brother (53), and all the bishops, with divers noblemen.

Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670. Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes.

On 13 Feb 1662 Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (65) died of pneumonia shortly after midnight. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1610 Robert In 1642 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

John Evelyn's Diary 17 February 1662. 17 Feb 1662. I went with my Lord of Bristol (49) to see his house at Wimbledon, newly bought of the Queen-Mother (52), to help contrive the garden after the modern. It is a delicious place for prospect and the thickets, but the soil cold and weeping clay. Returned that evening with Sir Henry Bennett (44).

This night was buried in Westminster Abbey the Queen of Bohemia (65), after all her sorrows and afflictions being come to die in the arms of her nephew, the King (31); also this night and the next day fell such a storm of hail, thunder, and lightning, as never was seen the like in any man's memory, especially the tempest of wind, being southwest, which subverted, besides huge trees, many houses, innumerable chimneys (among others that of my parlor at Sayes Court), and made such havoc at land and sea, that several perished on both. Divers lamentable fires were also kindled at this time; so exceedingly was God's hand against this ungrateful and vicious nation and Court.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol 1612-1677 and William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700. Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol 1612-1677. Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 wearing his Garter Robes. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 March 1662. 24 Mar 1662. I returned home with my whole family, which had been most part of the winter, since October, at London, in lodgings near the Abbey of Westminster.

John Evelyn's Diary 30 November 1662. 30 Nov 1662. St. Andrew's day. Invited by the Dean of Westminster (61) to his consecration dinner and ceremony, on his being made Bishop of Worcester. Dr. Bolton preached in the Abbey Church; then followed the consecration by the Bishops of London (64), Chichester (70), Winchester (64), Salisbury (70), etc. After this, was one of the most plentiful and magnificent dinners that in my life I ever saw; it cost near £600 as I was informed. Here were the judges, nobility, clergy, and gentlemen innumerable, this Bishop being universally beloved for his sweet and gentle disposition. He was author of those Characters which go under the name of Blount. He translated his late Majesty's (32) "Icon" into Latin, was Clerk of his Closet, Chaplain, Dean of Westminster (61), and yet a most humble, meek, and cheerful man, an excellent scholar, and rare preacher. I had the honor to be loved by him. He married me at Paris, during his Majesty's (32) and the Church's exile. When I took leave of him, he brought me to the cloisters in his episcopal habit. I then went to prayers at Whitehall, where I passed that evening.

On 30 Mar 1663 Robert South Churchman 1634-1716 (28) was appointed Prebendary Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 05 November 1663. 05 Nov 1663. Dr. South (29), my Lord Chancellor's (54) chaplain, preached at Westminster Abbey an excellent discourse concerning obedience to magistrates, against the pontificians and sectaries. I afterward dined at Sir Philip Warwick's (53), where was much company.

On 17 Mar 1665 Mary Gardiner 1633-1665 (32) died of smallpox. On 01 Apr 1665 she was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 08 Apr 1666 Thomas Chiffinch Keeper of the King's Closet 1600-1666 (66) died. He was buried on 10 Apr 1666 at Westminster Abbey.

Before 08 Apr 1666 Attributed to Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Thomas Chiffinch Keeper of the King's Closet 1600-1666.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 20 May 1666. 20 May 1666. Lord's Day. With my wife to church in the morning. At noon dined mighty nobly, ourselves alone. After dinner my wife and Mercer by coach to Greenwich, to be gossip to Mrs. Daniel's child. I out to Westminster, and straight to Mrs. Martin's, and there did what I would with her, she staying at home all the day for me; and not being well pleased with her over free and loose company, I away to Westminster Abbey, and there fell in discourse with Mr. Blagrave, whom I find a sober politique man, that gets money and increase of places, and thence by coach home, and thence by water after I had discoursed awhile with Mr. Yeabsly, whom I met and took up in my coach with me, and who hath this day presented my Lord Ashly (44) with £100 to bespeak his friendship to him in his accounts now before us; and my Lord hath received it, and so I believe is as bad, as to bribes, as what the world says of him.

Calling on all the Victualling ships to know what they had of their complements, and so to Deptford, to enquire after a little business there, and thence by water back again, all the way coming and going reading my Lord Bacon's "Faber Fortunae", which I can never read too often, and so back home, and there find my wife come home, much pleased with the reception she had there, and she was godmother, and did hold the child at the Font, and it is called John. So back again home, and after setting my papers in order and supping, to bed, desirous to rise betimes in the morning.

Around 1672 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Anthony Ashley-Cooper 1st Earl Shaftesbury 1621-1683. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Anthony Ashley-Cooper 1st Earl Shaftesbury 1621-1683. In 1576 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619, whilst in France, painted a portrait of Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban 1561-1626 who was attached to the English Embassy at the time. In 1731 (Copy of 1618 original).John Vanderbank Painter 1694-1739. Portrait of Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban 1561-1626.

Four Days' Battle

Diary of Samuel Pepys 03 June 1666. 03 Jun 1666. Lord's-day; Whit-sunday. Up, and by water to White Hall, and there met with Mr. Coventry (38), who tells me the only news from the fleete is brought by Captain Elliott, of The Portland, which, by being run on board by The Guernsey, was disabled from staying abroad; so is come in to Aldbrough. That he saw one of the Dutch great ships blown up, and three on fire. That they begun to fight on Friday; and at his coming into port, he could make another ship of the King's coming in, which he judged to be the Rupert: that he knows of no other hurt to our ships. With this good newes I home by water again, and to church in the sermon-time, and with great joy told it my fellows in the pew.

So home after church time to dinner, and after dinner my father, wife, sister, and Mercer by water to Woolwich, while I walked by land, and saw the Exchange as full of people, and hath been all this noon as of any other day, only for newes. I to St. Margaret's, Westminster, and there saw at church my pretty Betty Michell, and thence to the Abbey, and so to Mrs. Martin, and there did what 'je voudrais avec her [I wanted with her].... So by and by he come in, and after some discourse with him I away to White Hall, and there met with this bad newes farther, that the Prince (46) come to Dover but at ten o'clock last night, and there heard nothing of a fight; so that we are defeated of all our hopes of his helpe to the fleete. It is also reported by some Victuallers that the Duke of Albemarle (57) and Holmes their flags were shot down, and both fain to come to anchor to renew their rigging and sails.

A letter is also come this afternoon, from Harman (41) in the Henery; which is she [that] was taken by Elliott for the Rupert; that being fallen into the body of the Dutch fleete, he made his way through them, was set on by three fire-ships one after another, got two of them off, and disabled the third; was set on fire himself; upon which many of his men leapt into the sea and perished; among others, the parson first. Have lost above 100 men, and a good many women (God knows what is become of Balty (26)), and at last quenched his own fire and got to Aldbrough; being, as all say, the greatest hazard that ever any ship escaped, and as bravely managed by him. The mast of the third fire-ship fell into their ship on fire, and hurt Harman's (41) leg, which makes him lame now, but not dangerous.

I to Sir G. Carteret (56), who told me there hath been great bad management in all this; that the King's orders that went on Friday for calling back the Prince (46), were sent but by the ordinary post on Wednesday; and come to the Prince (46) his hands but on Friday; and then, instead of sailing presently, he stays till four in the evening. And that which is worst of all, the Hampshire, laden with merchants' money, come from the Straights, set out with or but just before the fleete, and was in the Downes by five in the clock yesterday morning; and the Prince with his fleete come to Dover but at ten of the clock at night. This is hard to answer, if it be true. This puts great astonishment into the King (36), and Duke (32), and Court, every body being out of countenance.

So meeting Creed, he and I by coach to Hide Parke alone to talke of these things, and do blesse God that my Lord Sandwich (40) was not here at this time to be concerned in a business like to be so misfortunate. It was a pleasant thing to consider how fearfull I was of being seen with Creed all this afternoon, for fear of people's thinking that by our relation to my Lord Sandwich (40) we should be making ill construction of the Prince's (46) failure. But, God knows, I am heartily sorry for the sake of the whole nation, though, if it were not for that, it would not be amisse to have these high blades find some checke to their presumption and their disparaging of as good men.

Thence set him down in Covent Guarden and so home by the 'Change, which is full of people still, and all talk highly of the failure of the Prince (46) in not making more haste after his instructions did come, and of our managements here in not giving it sooner and with more care and oftener.

Thence. After supper to bed.

Before 23 Jun 1686 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of William Coventry 1628-1686. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the Prince Rupert, Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 and Colonel William Murray. Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Around 1672 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II. Around 1650 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672.

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John Evelyn's Diary 06 June 1666. 06 Jun 1666. Came Sir Daniel Harvey from the General and related the dreadful encounter, on which his Majesty (36) commanded me to dispatch an extraordinary physician and more chirurgeons. It was on the solemn Fast-day when the news came; his Majesty (36) being in the chapel made a sudden stop to hear the relation, which being with much advantage on our side, his Majesty (36) commanded that public thanks should immediately be given as for a victory. The Dean of the chapel going down to give notice of it to the other Dean officiating; and notice was likewise sent to St. Paul's and Westminster Abbey. But this was no sooner over, than news came that our loss was very great both in ships and men; that the Prince frigate was burnt, and as noble a vessel of ninety brass guns lost; and the taking of Sir George Ayscue (50), and exceeding shattering of both fleets; so as both being obstinate, both parted rather for want of ammunition and tackle than courage; our General retreating like a lion; which exceedingly abated of our former joy. There were, however, orders given for bonfires and bells; but, God knows, it was rather a deliverance than a triumph. So much it pleased God to humble our late overconfidence that nothing could withstand the Duke of Albemarle (57), who, in good truth, made too forward a reckoning of his success now, because he had once beaten the Dutch in another quarrel; and being ambitious to outdo the Earl of Sandwich (40), whom he had prejudicated as deficient in courage.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Admiral George Ayscue 1616-1672. One of the Flagmen of Lowestoft.

On 20 Jun 1667 James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1663-1667 (3) died at Richmond Palace. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. Duke Cambridge 1C 1664 extinct.

Before 25 Jul 1667 William Riley Lancaster Herald -1667 died. On 25 Jul 1667 he was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 28 Jul 1667 Abraham Cowley Poet 1618-1667 (49) died in Porch House. He was buried in Westminster Abbey where John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normandby 1648-1721 (19) subsequently commissioned a monument.

Around 1667 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Abraham Cowley Poet 1618-1667. Around 1704 Johnathan

John Evelyn's Diary 03 August 1667. 03 Aug 1667. Went to Mr. Cowley's (49) funeral, whose corpse lay at Wallingford House, and was thence conveyed to Westminster Abbey in a hearse with six horses and all funeral decency, near a hundred coaches of noblemen and persons of quality following; among these, all the wits of the town, divers bishops and clergymen. He was interred next Geoffry Chaucer, and near Spenser. A goodly. Monument is since erected to his memory.

Now did his Majesty (37) again dine in the presence, in ancient state, with music and all the court ceremonies, which had been interrupted since the late war.

In 1669 Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (34) was appointed Canon Westminster Abbey.

On 10 Jul 1669 (some say 11th) Robert Staypylton -1669 died. On 15 Jul 1669 he was buried near the vestry door in Westminster Abbey.

On 20 Nov 1671 Henry de Vic 1599-1671 (72) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 11 February 1672. 11 Feb 1672. In the afternoon, that famous proselyte, Monsieur Brevall, preached at the Abbey, in English, extremely well and with much eloquence. He had been a Capuchin, but much better learned than most of that order.

On 13 Feb 1672 Thomas Ingram 1614-1672 (57) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

1672 Battle of Solebay

On 28 May 1672 Philip Carteret 1641-1672 (31) and Winston Churchill -1672 were killed at Solebay.

Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (46) was killed. Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Sandwich 1648-1688 (24) succeeded 2nd Earl Sandwich.

George Legge 1st Baron Dartmouth 1647-1691 (25) fought.

Charles Harbord 1640-1672 (32) was killed. The inscription on his. Monument in Westminster Abbey reads ... Sr. Charles Harbord Knt. his Majesties Surveyor General, and First Lieutenant of the Royall James, under the most noble and illustrious captain Edward, Earle of Sandwich (46), Vice Admirall of England, which after a terrible fight maintained to admiration against a squadron of the Holland fleet for above six houres, neere the Suffolk coast, having put off two fireships, at last being utterly disSabled and few of her men remaining unhurt, was by a third unfortunately set on fire: but he (though he swam well) neglected to save himselfe as some did, and out of the perfect love to that worthy lord (whom for many yeares he had constantly accompanyed in all his honourable imployments, and in all the engagements of the former warr) dyed with him at the age of XXXIII, much bewailed of his father whom he never offended, and much beloved of all for his knowne piety, vertue, loyalty, fortitude and fidelity.

Captain John Cox -1672 was killed in action.

Admiral John Holmes 1640-1683 (32) fought as commander of Rupert.

The Gloucester took part.

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John Evelyn's Diary 06 July 1673. 06 Jul 1673. This evening I went to the funeral of my dear and excellent friend, that good man and accomplished gentleman, Sir Robert Murray (65), Secretary of Scotland. He was buried by order of his Majesty (43) in Westminster Abbey.

On 31 Dec 1673 Michael Biddulph 2nd Baronet 1654-1718 (19) and Henrietta Maria Whitley 1653-1689 (20) were married at Westminster Abbey.

On 04 Jan 1675 Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674 (65) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 09 August 1675. 09 Aug 1675. Dr. Sprat (40), prebend of Westminster, and Chaplain to the Duke of Buckingham (47), preached on the 3d Epistle of Jude, showing what the primitive faith was, how near it and how excellent that of the Church of England, also the danger of departing from it.

On 27 Mar 1676 John Brownlow 3rd Baronet Brownlow 1659-1697 (16) and Alice Sherard Baroness Brownlow 1659-1721 (17) were married at Westminster Abbey. They were half second cousins.

Around 1685 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711 and John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of John Brownlow 3rd Baronet Brownlow 1659-1697. Around 1685. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Alice Sherard Baroness Brownlow 1659-1721. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Alice Sherard Baroness Brownlow 1659-1721. Before 10 Sep 1687 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Alice Sherard Baroness Brownlow 1659-1721.

John Evelyn's Diary 19 July 1676. 19 Jul 1676. Went to the funeral of Sir William Sanderson (90), husband to the Mother of the Maids (72), and author of two large but mean histories of King James and King Charles I (75). He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 25 Dec 1676 William Cavendish 1st Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1592-1676 (84) died at Welbeck Abbey. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1691 (46) succeeded 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1C 1665. Frances Pierrepoint Duchess Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1695 (46) by marriage Duchess Newcastle upon Tyne.

In 1676 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (attributed). Portrait of Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1691 wearing the his Garter Collar.

In 1677 John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (20) and Bridget Vaughan Baroness Ashburnham were married at Westminster Abbey.

In 1679 Richard Annesley 3rd Baron Altham 1655-1701 (24) was appointed Prebendary Westminster Abbey.

In 1680 Mary Wood Duchess Southampton 1663- (17) died of smallpox. She was buried with her mother (who also died of smallpox) in Westminster Abbey.

On 21 Feb 1680 Denzil Holles 1st Baron Holles 1599-1680 (80) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 28 Mar 1680 Dorothy Thanet -1680 died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In Jan 1681 Frances Seymour Countess Southampton 1618-1681 (63) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 18 Jan 1681 Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 (24) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Murder of Tom of Ten Thousand Thynne

On 12 Feb 1682 Thomas "Tom of Ten Thousand" Thynne 1648-1682 (34) was shot and killed while riding in his coach along Pall Mall, by three men, Christopher Vratz, John Stern and Charles George Borosky who were believed to be acting for her lover the Swedish Count Karl Johann von Königsmark (22). He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In Feb 1685 Edward Villiers 1620-1689 (64) and Martha Love were married at Westminster Abbey.

Death and Burial of Charles II

On 14 Feb 1685 Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) was buried without any manner of pomp at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation James II and Mary

On 23 Apr 1685 King James II (51) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland by William Sancroft Archbishop of Canterbury 1617-1693 (68). Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26) crowned Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland.

Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (47) preached the sermon.

John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (29) carried the canopy being one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports at Westminster Abbey.

Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (21) was appointed Lord High Constable.

In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. In 1698. Francois de Troy Painter 1645-1730. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Around 1685 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. In 1756 Joshua Reynolds Painter 1723-1788. Portrait of Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 in his Garter Robes.

Before 30 Mar 1686 Colonel John Strode 1627-1686 died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey on 30 Mar 1686.

In or before 1679. John Hayls Painter 1600-1679. Portrait of Colonel John Strode 1627-1686.

In 1688 Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (53) read the Declaration of Indulgence to empty benches in Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 20 May 1688. 20 May 1688. I went to Whitehall Chapel, where, after the morning lessons, the Declaration was read by one of the choir who used to read the chapters. I hear it was in the Abbey Church, Westminster, but almost universally forborne throughout all London: the consequences of which a little time will show.

Coronation William III and Mary II

On 11 Apr 1689 King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) and Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (26) were crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.

John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (33) carried the canopy being one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports.

George Compton 4th Earl of Northampton 1664-1727 (24) bore the King's sceptre and cross at Westminster Abbey.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 wearing his Garter Collar. Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694. Around 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694. Around 1758 Pompeo Batoni Painter 1708-1787. Portrait of George Compton 4th Earl of Northampton 1664-1727.

John Evelyn's Diary 11 April 1689. 11 Apr 1689. I saw the procession to and from the Abbey Church of Westminster, with the great feast in Westminster Hall, at the coronation of King William and Queen Mary. What was different from former coronations, was some alteration in the coronation oath. Dr. Burnet (45), now made Bishop of Sarum, preached with great applause. The Parliament men had scaffolds and places which took up the one whole side of the Hall. When the King (38) and Queen (26) had dined, the ceremony of the Champion, and other services by tenure were performed. The Parliament men were feasted in the Exchequer chamber, and had each of them a gold medal given them, worth five-and-forty shillings. On the one side were the effigies of the King (58) and Queen inclining one to the other; on the reverse was Jupiter throwing a bolt at Phäeton the words, "Ne totus absumatur": which was but dull, seeing they might have had out of the poet something as apposite. The sculpture was very mean.

Much of the splendor of the proceeding was abated by the absence of divers who should have contributed to it, there being but five Bishops, four Judges (no more being yet sworn), and several noblemen and great ladies wanting; the feast, however, was magnificent. The next day the House of Commons went and kissed their new Majesties' hands in the Banqueting House.

Around 1675 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of Gilbert Burnet Bishop of Salisbury 1643-1715. Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Gilbert Burnet Bishop of Salisbury 1643-1715.

On 02 Jul 1689 Edward Villiers 1620-1689 (69) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 04 Jul 1689 Christopher Monck 2nd Duke Albemarle 1653-1688 (35) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Around 1693 Thomas Murray Painter 1663-1735. Portrait of Christopher Monck 2nd Duke Albemarle 1653-1688.

Around Sep 1689 Henrietta Maria Whitley 1653-1689 (36) died. On 15 Sep 1689 she was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 24 May 1694 Anthony Carey 5th Viscount Falkland 1656-1694 (38) died of smallpox. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. Lucius Carey 6th Viscount Falkland 1687-1730 (6) succeeded 6th Viscount Falkland.

Death of Queen Mary II

On 28 Dec 1694 Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (32) died of smallpox shortly after midnight at Kensington Palace. Her body lay in state at the Banqueting House.

On 05 Mar 1695 she was buried in Westminster Abbey. Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (58) preached the sermon.

She had reigned for five years. Her husband King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (44) continued to reign for a further eight years.

On 03 Sep 1698 Robert Howard 1626-1698 (72) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 07 Aug 1701 John Thorold 4th Baronet of Marston 1664-1717 (37) and Margaret Warterer -1733 were married at Westminster Abbey.

On 03 Oct 1701 Joseph Williamson Secretary of State 1633-1701 (68) died in Cobham. He was buried in Westminster Abbey. He left £6,000 and his library to Queen's College, Oxford.

Queen Anne Accession

On 23 Apr 1702 Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (65).

In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

On 11 Feb 1704 Catherine Greville Duchess Buckingham and Normandby -1704 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1708 Elizabeth Savile Countess Chesterfield 1677-1708 (31) died. She was buried with her parentrrs in Westminster Abbey.

On 19 Sep 1708 Barbara Villiers Viscountess Fitzhardinge 1654-1708 (54) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 13 Nov 1708 Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (55) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Before 28 Oct 1708 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708. Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708. Walmer Castle.

On 09 Mar 1709 Ralph Montagu 1st Duke Montagu 1638-1709 (70) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749 (19) succeeded 2nd Duke Montagu 1C 1705, 4th Baron Montagu of Boughton in Northamptonshire 1C 1621. Mary Churchill Duchess Montagu 1689-1751 (19) by marriage Duchess Montagu.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749. Around 1740 George Knapton Painter 1698-1778. Portrait of John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749. Around 1735 Gavin Hamilton Painter 1723-1798. Portrait of John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749 and Mary Churchill Duchess Montagu 1689-1751, and Mary Montagu Duchess Montagu 1711-1775. Around 1735 Gavin Hamilton Painter 1723-1798. Portrait of John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749 and Mary Churchill Duchess Montagu 1689-1751, and Mary Montagu Duchess Montagu 1711-1775.

On 19 Dec 1712 John Berkeley 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge 1650-1712 (62) died at Windsor. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Coronation George I

On 20 Oct 1714 King George I of Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (54) was crowned I King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (78).

Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (30) was appointed Lord High Steward.

Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

On 10 May 1726 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (56) died at Bath. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans 1696-1751 (30) succeeded 2nd Duke St Albans 1C 1684, 2nd Earl Burford, 2nd Baron Heddington. Lucy Werden Duchess St Albans 1699-1752 (27) by marriage Duchess St Albans.

Around 1690 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726.

Funeral of Isaac Newton

On 28 Mar 1727 Isaac Newton Scientist 1642-1727 (84) was buried in Westminster Abbey. The service was performed by the Bishop of Rochester (74).

Before the funeral his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey. His coffin was followed by most of the Fellows of the Royal Society.

The Pall Bearers were the Lord Chancellor Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734 (58), James Graham 1st Duke Montrose 1680-1742 (47), Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe 1709-1755 (18), Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733 (71), Talbot Yelverton 1st Earl of Sussex 1690-1731 (36) and Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield 1666-1732 (60).

The Chief Mourner was Michael Newton 4th Baronet 1695-1743 (32); his third cousin.

Voltaire observed, "He was buried like a king who had done well by his subjects.".

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734. Around 1676 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733.

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Coronation of George II

On 11 Oct 1727 John Hobart 1st Earl Buckinghamshire 1693-1756 (34) was created 1st Baron Hobart at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of George II. Judith Britiffe Lady Hotham -1727 by marriage Baroness Hobart.

On 22 Oct 1727 King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (43) was crowned II King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.

In 1724 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. Before 02 Nov 1739 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. Before 1744 Enoch Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. In 1744 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 09 Sep 1729 John Finch 6th Earl Winchilsea 1683-1729 (46) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. Daniel Finch 2nd Earl Nottingham 7th Earl Winchilsea 1647-1730 (82) succeeded 7th Earl Winchilsea. Anne Hatton Countess Nottingham Countess Winchelsea -1743 by marriage Countess Winchilsea.

On 17 May 1731 Samuel Bradford Bishop of Carlisle and Rochester 1652-1731 (78) died in the Deanery Westminster Abbey. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

On 28 Aug 1731 Charles Boyle 4th Earl Cork 4th Earl Orrery 1674-1731 (57) died at Westminster. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. John Boyle 5th Earl Cork 1707-1762 (24) succeeded 5th Earl Cork. Henrietta Hamilton Countess Cork by marriage Countess Cork.

On 07 Sep 1731 Daniel Pulteney 1684-1731 (47) died in Harefield. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

On 20 Jan 1734 Henry Newport 3rd Earl Bradford 1683-1734 (51) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Before 11 Sep 1734 Elizabeth "Mad Duchess" Cavendish Duchess Albermarle Duchess Montagu 1654-1734 died. On 11 Sep 1734 she was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1739 Charlotte Rowe 1716-1739 (23) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768 (49). View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768 (51). Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768 (52). Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House In the distance the Banqueting House, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

On 13 Apr 1751 Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751 (44) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1750 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751. In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789. Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751.

On 27 Jul 1751 Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans 1696-1751 (55) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. George Beauclerk 3rd Duke St Albans 1730-1786 (21) succeeded 3rd Duke St Albans 1C 1684, 3rd Earl Burford, 3rd Baron Heddington.

In 1753 Roubiliac (50) completed another great sepulchral trophy in Westminster Abbey to Admiral Peter Warren 1703-1752 (49).

In 1751 Andrea Soldi Painter 1703-1771. Portrait of Louis Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762. In 1762 Adrien Carpentiers Painter 1713-1778. Portrait of Louis Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762.

Coronation of George III

On 22 Sep 1761 King George III (23) was crowned III King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.

Charles Compton 7th Earl of Northampton 1737-1763 (24) was the Bearer of the Ivory Rod with the Dove.

William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot 1710-1782 (51) was appointed Lord High Steward.

Francis Hastings 10th Earl Huntingdon 1729-1789 (32) was the bearer of the Sword of State although the actual Sword of State couldn't be found and the Lord Mayor's Pearl Sword was substituted.

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of King George III. In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of King George III. In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of King George III. In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of King George III. Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance Holland Painter 1735-1811. Portrait of King George III. In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817. Portrait of King George III. Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839. Portrait of King George III. Around 1762. Allan Ramsay Painter 1713-1784. Portrait of King George III. In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789. Portrait of King George III.

In Mar 1763 William Pulteney 1731-1763 (32) was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

On 04 Oct 1806 Joseph Allen Bishop 1770-1845 (36) was appointed Prebendary Westminster Abbey.

1837. Thomas Phillips 1770-1845. Portrait of Joseph Allen Bishop 1770-1845.

On 21 Jun 1814 Gilbert Elliot 1st Earl Minto 1751-1814 (63) died at his home 4 Prince's Terrace Kensington. He was buried in Westminster Abbey. Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound 2nd Earl Minto 1782-1859 (31) succeeded 2nd Earl Minto of Minto in Roxburghshire.

On 07 Jun 1821 Elizabeth Stephenson Countess Mexborough 1762-1821 (59) died. She was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of King George IV

On 19 Jul 1821 King George IV (58) was crowned IV King Great Britain and Ireland.

William Cavendish 6th Duke Devonshire 1790-1858 (31) carried the Orb at Westminster Abbey.

Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (53) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard Molyneux Howard 1766-1824 (54).

Edward Boscawen 1st Earl Falmouth 1787-1841 (34) was created 1st Earl Falmouth 2C 1821.

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806. Portrait of King George IV. In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of King George IV. Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence 1769-1830. Portrait of King George IV. In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of King George IV when Prince of Wales. In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of King George IV in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter. In 1815. Thomas Lawrence 1769-1830. Portrait of William Cavendish 6th Duke Devonshire 1790-1858.

Around 19 Jul 1821 James Wandesford Butler 1st Marquess Ormonde 1777-1838 (44) was created 1st Baron Ormonde of Llanthony in Monmouthshire at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of King George IV. Grace Louisa Staples Marchioness Ormonde -1860 by marriage Baroness Ormonde of Llanthony in Monmouthshire.

Coronation of William IV

On 19 Jul 1821 Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (53) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard Molyneux Howard 1766-1824 (54) being ill at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of William IV.

On 12 Feb 1824 Jane Fleming Countess Harrington 1755-1824 (68) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1768 Joshua Reynolds Painter 1723-1788. Portrait of Jane Fleming Countess Harrington 1755-1824. In 1775 Joshua Reynolds Painter 1723-1788. Portrait of Jane Fleming Countess Harrington 1755-1824.

Coronation of William IV

On 08 Sep 1831 William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (66) was crowned IV King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.

Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (63) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard Molyneux Howard 1766-1824 (64) being ill.

Thomas William Anson 1st Earl Lichfield 1795-1854 (35) was created 1st Earl Lichfield 3C 1831. Louisa Barbara Catherine Phillips Countess Lichfield 1800-1879 (31) by marriage Countess Lichfield

Around 1830. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839. Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837. 1830. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839. Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837. 1832. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871. Portrait of Louisa Barbara Catherine Phillips Countess Lichfield 1800-1879 with two of her children Thomas George Anson 2nd Earl Lichfield 1825-1892 and Harriet Frances Maria Anson Baroness Vernon 1827-1898.

In 1861 Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert 4th Earl Carnarvon 1831-1890 (29) and Evelyn Stanhope Countess Carnarvon 1834-1875 (26) were married at Westminster Abbey. She by marriage Countess Carnarvon.

On 27 Jul 1866 Charlotte Herbert Duchess Northumberland 1787-1866 (78) died at Twickenham. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. One of my friends has often said that to visit Deene is to step back into the past, for the place bears upon it no impression of modernity, and even the additions made to the house are thoroughly in character with the older parts.

Deene is first mentioned in the Domesday-Book, when the surveyors noted the wood of a mile long belonging to it which joined Rocking- ham Forest. It was the property of the Abbey of Westminster, and was used as a hunting-box by the Abbots. It was called the Grange, and "the monks' well" is still to be seen in the park. A most interesting feature of the house is the Great Hall, 50 feet long and 50 feet high, which is a duplicate in miniature of Westminster Hall, and the carved chestnut roof, the wood of which is impervious to the ravages of insects, has never had an accident since it was first erected in 1086.

On 05 Nov 1874 Richard Grosvenor 1st Baron Stalbridge 1837-1912 (37) and Beatrice Charlotte Elizabeth Vesey Baroness Stalbridge -1876 were married at Westminster Abbey. She by marriage Baroness Stalbridge.

In 1894 Charles Gore Bishop 1853-1932 (40) was appointed Canon Westminster Abbey.

On 11 Jun 1898 Hugh Campbell 4th Earl Cawdor 1870-1914 (28) and Joan Emily Thynne Countess Cawdor 1872-1945 (25) were married at Westminster Abbey. They were second cousins once removed.

Times Newspaper Marriages. 21 Apr 1899. Marriage of Lord Crewe and Lady Peggy Primrose.

The marriage of Lady Margaret (Peggy) Primrose (18), younger daughter of the Earl of Rosebery (51), with the Earl of Crews (41), which took place at Westminster Abbey yesterday, was remarkable, not only as a brilliant spectacle, bat also on account of the extraordinary degree of public interest which the event evoked, and the testimony thus afforded to the popularity of the late Prime Minister. It was an ideal day for a wedding, the sun shining brilliantly. Parliament Square and the approaches to the Abbey early in the day presented a gay and animated spectacle. An hour or more before the time announced for the opening of the Abbey doors, and a couple of hours before the bridal party were expected, people began to collect in the Abbey precincts, and in a short time great crowds were stretching right away to the railings of the Houses of Parliament. As time wore on and the vast concourse grew into extraordinary dimensions the police on duty had the utmost difficulty in regulating the living mass. Taffic became congested, and the constables in some cases were swept off their feet by the surging and panting multitude, but everywhere the best of good humour seemed to prevail in the streets.

Meanwhile the interior of the Abbey was also the centre of much life and movement. The wedding was fixed for 1:30, aud the doors, at each of which a long queue of ticket-holders and others had long been patiently waiting, were opened three-quarters of an hour earlier. Immediately the throngs, in which the bright costumes of the ladies were conspicuous, wwept into the Abbey. None-ticket holders were admitted by the north door only. This entrance was literally besieged, and a quarter of an hour after it was opened it had to be closed, for in that brief space the northern transept-the porLion of the Abbey allotted to the general public-had become so densely packed that it would not hold another spectator. Those privileged visitors who held permits either for tue nave or the south transept seemed none the less eager to secure advantageous places, for every one came early. Many of the ladies stood upon the seats in their eagerness to obtain a good view. As the guests arrived Sir Frederick Bridge played an appropriate selection of music upon the grand organ.

The rare spectacle of floral decorations in the Abbey attracted general attention. At each end of the alter rails there was a towering palm with a collection of Lilium Harrisii and marguerites grouped at the base, while blooms of Liliam Harrisii also adorned the altar itself. Specimen palms with foliage and flowering plants were placed against the organ screen facing the western entrance, by which the bridal party were shortly to enter.

The arrival of the specially invited guests also proved a source of much interest. These privileged persons, numbering some 500 or 600, friends of the contracting parties and including men distinguished in politics, diplomacy, literature, and art, were escorted to seats in the choir and under the lantern. The Earl of Crewe (41), with his best man, the Earl of Chesterfield (45), arrived about ten minutes past 1. Each of them wore a marguerite in his buttonhole. They joined the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire under the lantern. The Prince of Wales (4) arrived about 25 minutes past 1. His Royal Highness, attended by the Hon. Seymour Fortescue (43), was received by Lord Rosebery's sons, Lord Dalmeny (17) and the Hon. Neil Primrose (16), by whom he was conducted to the Jerusalem Chamber. The Duke of Cambridge (80), who quickly followed, attended by Colonel FitzgGeorge, was met at the same door by the Hon. Neil Primrose, under whose escort he joined the Prince of Wales, after which their Royal Highnesses went to the choir and took the seats which had been specially reserved for then.

Among the others present were: The Duchess of Buckingham and Chandos, the Marquis and Marchioness of Breadalbane, the Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch. Mr. Balfour M.P., the Duke (52) and Duchess (46) of Somerset, the Marquis of Lansdowne (54), Mr. Asquith, M.P., and Mrs. Asquith, the Austrian Ambassador, the Earl and Countess of Harewood, the Duchess of Cleveland. the Earl of Kirnberley and Lady Constance Wodehouse, Lady Jeune and Miles Stanley, the Marquis of Dufferin, Sir R. Campbell-Bannerman, M.P., and Lady Campbell-Bauneiman, Mr. Bryce, M.P., and Mrs. Biyce, Mr. J. B Balfour, H.P., and Mrs. Balfour, Mir. H Gladstone, the Earl aud Countess of Corck, the Lord Chief Justice (Lord Russell of Killoren) and the Hon. Mliss Russell, Sir H. Fowler, f.P., and Lady Fowler, Earl and Courntess Dc Grey, Mr. Munro-Fergrsca, M.P., and Lady Helen Munro-Ferguison, Sir Henry Irving, ir. Morley, M.P., S,r John and lady Puleston, the Marquig and Marehioness of Ripon, Lord and Lady Recay, Lord and Lady Rothschild, and all the Londoa representatives of the Rothschild family, Sir Charles aild Lady Tennant, Lord Wandsworth. Lord and Baroness Wenlock, Lord Leconfdeld, the Earl of Verulamn, Mr. aud Mrs. George Alexander idiss Mundella, Sir E. Sassoon, H.P., General and Mrs. Wauchope, Sir E. Lawson, Mr. Harmswortl, Sir Lewis Morris. Lord James of Hereford and Miss James the Hon. P. Stanhope, H.P., and Countess Tolstoy, the Earl and Countess of Aberdeen, Mr. Shaw Lefevre, Sir Charles Dalry,uiple MP. Mr. Sydney Buxton, M.P.,hr. George Russell, Tr. G. E. Buckle, Georgina, Countess A! Dudley, Sir Humphrey and Lady De Trafford, Sir Edgar and Lady Helen Vincent, Sir John Lubbock, hLP., and Lady Lubbock, Lord Hamilton of Dalzell' Sir Henry Primrose, Lord and Lady St. Oswald, Eara and Countess Stanbope, Mr. Rochfort Maguire. M.P., and Mrs. Maguire, Lady Emily Peel, Loid E. Pitzmaurice. HI.P., Earl and Countess Carrington, Lord and Lady Bnrgheiere, Loud and Lady Battersea, Lord and Lady Henry Bentnek, Lord and Lady Poltimure, the Earl of Essex, and Viscount Curzon, .p., and Viscountess Ctu-zon.

By the time that the whole of the company bad assembled the transepts and choir were densely packed. The attendants had the greatest difficulty in keeping many of the spectators within the specified bounds, and owing to the crushing and crowding several ladies fainted. At half-past 1 Lord Rosebery arrived with the bride at the western entrance, having had a very heartv reception as they passed through the streets. This cordial greeting was repeated again and again as Lord wRosebery handed his daughter out of the carriage. She appeared relf-possessed and smiled upon those around her. Lady Peggy Primirose was attired in a dress of white satin of the new shape, with a very long train (not separate from the dress as in the old style). It was profusely embroidered with clusters of diamonds designed as primroses. The front of the skirt opened over a petticoat of exquisite point d'Alengon laco, which was formerly tn the possession of Marie Antoinette, and was a present from the bride's aunt, Miss Lucy Cohen. The bodice was embroidered and trimmed with similar lace aud its sleeves were of transparent mausselijt I soic. The veil was of tulle, and in nlace of the nsual coronet of orange blossom the bride wore a smart Louis XVI bow of real orange flowers. Jewelry was scarcely at all employed. Lady Peggy carried a magnificent bouquet composed mainly of orchids, white roses, lilies, and marguerites.

The bride (18) was received at the door of the Abbey by her ten bridesmaids. They were Lady Sybil Primrose (20), elder sister of the bride; the Ladies Annabel (18), Celia (15), and Cynthia (14) (Crewe-Milnes, daughters of the bridegroom; the Hon. Maud and the Hon. Margaret Wyndham, daughters of Lord Leaconfield; the Hon. Evelina Rothschild, daughter of Lord Rothschild; Miss Louise Wirsch; Lady Juliet Lowther (18), daughter of the late Earl of Lonsdale and Countess de Grey; and Miss Muriel White, daughter of Mr. Blenry White, of the United States Embassy. They were all dressed alike, in white embroidered moseline de rois over white silk. The skirts were made with shaped flounces with cream lace insertion, and upon the bodices were fichns edged with lace. The sashes were of primrose chiffon, and the hats of primrose tulle with white ostrich feathers, one side being turned up with Lady de Rothschild roses. The bouquets were of the same roses, tied with long tLreamers of the primrose chiffon. Each of the bridesmaids wore a gold curb bracelet with the initials of the bride and bridegroom in enamel, the gifts of the bridegroom.

The formation of the bridal proession was a very picturesque feature of the ceremonial. Schubert's " Grand March " was played, and the,vast congregation rose to their feet as the choir advanced, followed along the nave by the clergy, after whom caine the bride leaning upon the arm of her father, who wore a bunch of primroses in his coat, and attended by her bridesmaids. All eyes were naturally turned to the bride, but she did not lose her composare during the long and trying walk up the nave to the choir.

As the procession approached the choir, Lord Crewe who with his best man had been standing a few yards from the Prince of Wales advanced to meet the bride, and the party ha1ted at a point between the choir and the lantern, where the first part of the wedding service was taken, in full view of the choir stalls, where the principal guests were seated. The hymn " O perfect Love" having been sung, the marriage service began. The officiating clergy were the Rev. Dr. Butler (Master of Tririty), the Dean Westminster Abbey, Canon Blackburne, vicar of Crewe-green, Crewe, Canon Armitage Robinson, and the Precentor of Westminster. Dr. Butler, who took the principal part of the service, read the words in a very impressive manner. The bride made the responses in a perfectly audible voice. Upon the conclusion of the first part of the ceremony the procession of the clergy and the bride and bridegroom, followed by the bridesmaids, moved towards the east. They passed, while the psalm was sung to a chant by Beethoven, through the sacrarrum to the altar, where the concluding portion of the service was said by the Dean and other clergy. Next came the hymn " Now thank we all otr God," after which the blessing was pronounced and the service was brought to a close, to the actompaniment of a merry peal from the bells of St. Margaret's Church. As the procession moved down the Abbey to the Jerusalem Chamber to sign the register Mendelssohn's " Wedding March " was played, and the great majority of the congreation prepared to take their departure. 'ihs Prince of Wales and the Duke of Cambridge were among those who accompanied the bridal party and their relatives to the Jerusalem Chamber and appended their names to the register. Lord and Baroness Crewe, with their friends, left the Abbey amid a renewal of those enthusiastic demonstrations which had marked Lady Peggy Primrose's arrival as a bride. A reception and luncheon was given at Lord Rosebery's town house attended by the Prince of Wales; the Duke of Cambridge, and about 600 other guests, most of whom had attended the ceremony in theAbbey. Later in the day the Earl and Countess of Crewe left town for Welbeek Abbey,'placed at their disposal by the Duke and Duchess of Portland for the early part of the honeymoon. The bride wore a travelling dress of green cloth, the skirt being stitched with gold, the bodice and sleeves being embroidered in natural colour silk and gold with primroses She vwore a large wzhite hat w,ith feathers to match. THE WEDDING PRES IU& After the departure of the bride and bride-groom the numerous wedding presents displayed at Lord Rosebery's house were inspected with much interest by those of the guests who had not previously seen them.

Soon after 7 o'clock last evening the train conveying Lord and Baroness Crewe arrived at Worksop Station. The platform was thronged with people, who gave a most cordial, though quiet, reception to the newly-married pair. On their arrival at Welbeck Abbey the visitors were received with every honour, and a bouquet was presented to Baroness Crewe. The employes on the estate of Dalmeny dined together last night in celebration of the marriage of Lady Peggy Primrose. Mr. Drysdale, the chamberlain, presided over a company of about 300. After dinner there was a dance, and a display of fireworks was given in the grounds. The burgh of Queensferry, which adjoins Lord Rosebery's Dalmeny estate, was decorated yesterday in honour of the wedding. A banquet was held in the council chambers, at which the health of the bride and bridegroom was honoured, and a congratulatory telegram forwarded to Baroness Crewe.

1917. Glyn Philpot Painter 1884-1937. Portrait of Margaret Etrenne Hannah 1862. John Lindsay Lucas 1807-1874. Portrait of Prince George Hanover 2nd Duke Cambridge 1819-1904. 1920. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 5th Marquess Lansdowne 1845-1927.

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Coronation of Edward VII

On 09 Aug 1902 King Edward VII (60) was crowned VII King United Kingdom at Westminster Abbey. Alexandra Glücksburg Queen Consort England 1844-1925 (57) was crowned Queen_Consort by Archbishop William Dalrymple Maclagan 1826-1910 (76).

George Vernon "King of the Peak" 1508-1565 was knighted.

1901. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927. Coronation Portrait of King Edward VII. 1911. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927. Drawing of King Edward VII on his deathbed. Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales. 1901. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927. Coronation Portrait of Alexandra Glücksburg Queen Consort England 1844-1925.

On 27 Feb 1919 Alexander Ramsay 1881-1972 (37) and Victoria Patricia "Patsy" Windsor 1886-1974 (32) were married at Westminster Abbey. She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.

On 28 Feb 1922 Henry Lascelles 6th Earl Harewood 1882-1947 (39) and Princess Mary Windsor Countess Harewood 1897-1965 (24) were married at Westminster Abbey. She a daughter of George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936. His best-man was Major Victor Mackenzie 3rd Baronet 1882-1944 (39). Her bridesmaids included Doris Hilda Gordon Lennox 1896-1980 (25), Mary Cambridge Duchess Beaufort 1897-1987 (24), Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Queen Consort England 1900-2002 (21), Princess Maud Duff Countess Southesk 1893-1945 (28), Rachel Cavendish 1902-1977 (20), Helen Diana Bridgeman 1907-1967 (14), Mary Beatrice Thynne Baroness Nunburnholme 1903-1974 (18) and Princess May of Teck 1906-1994 (16). The wedding was attending by her father and mother George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936 (56) and Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England 1867-1953 (54).

Wedding of George V and Elizabeth Bowes Lyon

On 26 Apr 1923 George VI King United Kingdom 1895-1952 (27) and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Queen Consort England 1900-2002 (22) were married at Westminster Abbey. He a son of George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936.

Mary Elphinstone 1911-1980 (12) and Cecilia Bowes-Lyon 1912-1947 (11) were bridesmaids.

1925. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Queen Consort England 1900-2002.

On 29 Nov 1934 Prince George Windsor 1st Duke Kent 1902-1942 (31) and Princess Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent 1906-1968 (27) were married at Westminster Abbey. They were second cousins. He a son of George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. She by marriage Duchess Kent. The wedding was followed by a Greek ceremony in the private chapel at Buckingham Palace. She had eight bridesmaids: her first cousins Princess Irene Glücksburg 1904-1974 (30),

Around 1932. Simon Elwes Painter 1902-1975. Portrait of Prince George Windsor 1st Duke Kent 1902-1942. Around 1930. Simon Elwes Painter 1902-1975. Portrait of Princess Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent 1906-1968. 1934. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Princess Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent 1906-1968. 1934. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Princess Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent 1906-1968.

Coronation of George VI

On 12 May 1937 George VI King United Kingdom 1895-1952 (41) was crowned VI King United Kingdom at Westminster Abbey.

On 20 Nov 1947 Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh 1921-2021 (26) and Elizabeth II Queen United Kingdom 1926- (21) were married at Westminster Abbey. They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. She a daughter of George VI King United Kingdom 1895-1952.

1933. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Elizabeth II Queen United Kingdom 1926-.

Coronation of Elizabeth II

On 02 Jun 1953 Elizabeth II Queen United Kingdom 1926- (27) was crowned King United Kingdom by Archbishop Geoffrey Fisher 1887-1972 (66) at Westminster Abbey.

Her ladies in waiting were:

Mistress of the Robes: Mary Alice Gascoyne Cecil Duchess Devonshire 1895-1988 (57)

Maids of Honour:

Mary Baillie-Hamilton 1934- (19)

Jane Antonia Frances Vane-Tempest-Stewart 1932- (20)

Nancy Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby 28th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby 1934- (18)

Anne Veronica Coke Baroness Glenconner -1932 (20)

Moyra Kathleen Hamilton 1930-2020 (23)

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On 01 Jun 1954 John Spencer 8th Earl Spencer 1924-1992 (30) and Frances Ruth Roche Countess Spencer 1936-2004 (18) were married at Westminster Abbey.

Gervaise Blois Abbot of Westminster was appointed Abbot of Westminster.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The Opening of Parliament. 5. The following are assigned to be triers of petitions from England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland:

The archbishop of Canterbury.

The duke of Guyenne and duke of Lancaster.

The duke of Gloucester.

The bishop of London.

The bishop of Winchester.

The abbot of Westminster.

The earl of Derby.

The earl of Arundel.

The earl of Warwick.

Lord Neville.

Sir Richard le Scrope.

Sir Philip Spenser.

Sir Walter Clopton.

William Thirning.

William Rickhill.

John Wadham.

- to act all together, or at least six of the aforesaid prelates and lords; consulting with the chancellor, treasurer, steward, and chamberlain, and also the king's serjeants when necessary. And they shall hold their session in the chamberlain's room near the Painted Chamber.

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Chancel Westminster Abbey

Deanery Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

On 29 Jun 1509 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (66) died in the Deanery Westminster Abbey. She was buried at Henry VII Chapel Westminster Abbey. Her tomb was created by Pietro Torrigiano. The gilded bronze sculpture on the tomb depicts Margaret with her head resting on pillows and her hands raised in prayer, wearing garments characteristic of widowhood; the face was probably sculpted from a death mask. The black marble tomb is embellished with heraldic bronze insignia, including a Yale, her heraldic badge, at her feet.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 17 May 1731 Samuel Bradford Bishop of Carlisle and Rochester 1652-1731 (78) died in the Deanery Westminster Abbey. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Henry VII Chapel Westminster Abbey

Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England. His sons King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.

On 28 Mar 1727 Isaac Newton Scientist 1642-1727 (84) was buried in Westminster Abbey. The service was performed by the Bishop of Rochester (74).

Before the funeral his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey. His coffin was followed by most of the Fellows of the Royal Society.

The Pall Bearers were the Lord Chancellor Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734 (58), James Graham 1st Duke Montrose 1680-1742 (47), Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe 1709-1755 (18), Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733 (71), Talbot Yelverton 1st Earl of Sussex 1690-1731 (36) and Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield 1666-1732 (60).

The Chief Mourner was Michael Newton 4th Baronet 1695-1743 (32); his third cousin.

Voltaire observed, "He was buried like a king who had done well by his subjects.".

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734. Around 1676 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733.

Lady Chapel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

Chronicle of Gregory 1437. 06 Feb 1437. Ande the ix day of Feverer Quene Kateryn (35) aforesayde was broughte to Powlys yn London, and there sche hadde a solempne deryge ande a masse on the morne. And thenne she was hadde unto Westemyster. And the iij day aftyr she was worth ely enteryde and buryde in Oure Lady chapylle at Westemyster in the Abby; of whos soule God have mercy.

The Lady Chapel Westminster Abbey was at the east end of the abbey. It was demolished in 1502 and replaced with the Henry VII Chapel Westminster Abbey.

North Transept Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

On 14 Jul 1809 Charles Agar 1st Earl Normanton 1736-1809 (72) died. He was buried at North Transept Westminster Abbey. Welbore Ellis Agar 2nd Earl Normanton 1778-1868 (31) succeeded 2nd Earl Normanton.

Around 1787 George Romney Painter 1734-1802. Portrait of Charles Agar 1st Earl Normanton 1736-1809.

In 1826 Jane Benson Countess Northampton -1826 died. She was buried next to her husband Charles Agar 1st Earl Normanton 1736-1809 (89) at the North Transept Westminster Abbey.

Chapel of St Micheal, North Transept Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

Around 1346 William Trussell 1280-1346 (66) died. He was buried in the Chapel of St Micheal.

South Transept Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

Poets Corner Westminster Abbey, South Transept Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

On 25 Oct 1400 Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 (57) died. He was buried at Poets Corner Westminster Abbey.

Scientist's Corner Westminster Abbey, South Transept Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

On 20 Mar 1727 Isaac Newton Scientist 1642-1727 (84) died unmarried. He was buried at Scientist's Corner Westminster Abbey on 28 Mar 1727. The inscription on his John Michael Rysbrack 1694-1770 (32) monument reads "Here is buried Isaac Newton, Knight, who by a strength of mind almost divine, and mathematical principles peculiarly his own, explored the course and figures of the planets, the paths of comets, the tides of the sea, the dissimilarities in rays of light, and, what no other scholar has previously imagined, the properties of the colours thus produced. Diligent, sagacious and faithful, in his expositions of nature, antiquity and the holy Scriptures, he vindicated by his philosophy the majesty of God mighty and good, and expressed the simplicity of the Gospel in his manners. Mortals rejoice that there has existed such and so great an ornament of the human race! He was born on 25th December 1642, and died on 20th March 1726."

In 1753 Andrea Soldi Painter 1703-1771. Portrait of John Michael Rysbrack 1694-1770. In 1728 John Vanderbank Painter 1694-1739. Portrait of John Michael Rysbrack 1694-1770.

Crypt Westminster Abbey

Triforium Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

In 1694 Esther de la Tour de Gouvernet 1666-1694 (28) died. She was buried with her mother and grandmother, all three Esther, in the Triforium Westminster Abbey.

On or before 07 Dec 1697 Esther Vinart -1697 died. On 07 Dec 1697 she was buried in the Triforium Westminster Abbey.