Worcester Cathedral is in Worcester.
Around 744 Bishop Mildred -772 was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
In 957 Archbishop Dunstan 909-988 (48) was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 950-999. 959. This year died King Edwy, on the calends of October; and Edgar (16) his brother took to the government of the West-Saxons, Mercians, and Northumbrians. He was then sixteen years old. It was in this year he sent after St. Dunstan (50), and gave him the bishopric of Worcester; and afterwards the bishopric of London. In his days it prosper'd well; and God him gave, that he dwelt in peace the while that he lived. Whate'er he did, whate'er he plan'd, he earn'd his thrift. He also rear'd God's glory wide, and God's law lov'd, with peace to man, above the kings that went before in man's remembrance. God so him sped, that kings and earls to all his claims submissive bow'd; and to his will without a blow he wielded all as pleased himself. Esteem'd he was both far and wide in distant lands; because he prized the name of God, and God's law traced, God's glory rear'd, both far and wide, on every side. Wisely he sought in council oft his people's good, before his God, before the world. One misdeed he did, too much however, that foreign tastes he loved too much; and heathen modes into this land he brought too fast; outlandish men hither enticed; and to this earth attracted crowds of vicious men. But God him grant, that his good deeds be weightier far than his misdeeds, to his soul's redemption on the judgment-day.
In 1047 Stigand Archbishop of Canterbury -1072 was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
In 1062 Wulfstan Bishop of Worcester 1008-1095 (54) was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
Flowers of History by Matthew of Westminster Volume 2 Chapter 1 1066 1087 Some Priests who had been guilty of Simony, and who had taken wives, are excommunicated by pope Gregory. Wolstan is restored to his bishopric. 1073. Gregory, who is also called Hildebrand, held a synod, and anathematized those guilty of simony. Some priests who had taken wives he removed from their holy office, by a new example, and as it seemed to many an inconsiderate prejudice, in contradiction to the opinions of the ancient fathers. The blessed Wolstan (65), who had been unjustly deposed by archbishop Lanfranc (68), was restored to his diocese, in consequence of a miracle. After he had fixed his pastoral staff on the tomb of the blessed Edward, no one except himself could draw it out again.
On 10 Aug 1180 Baldwin Avigo Archbishop of Canterbury 1125-1190 (55) was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
On 03 Apr 1216 Sylvester Bishop of Worcester -1218 was elected Bishop of Worcester.
On 03 Jul 1216 Sylvester Bishop of Worcester -1218 was consecrated as Bishop of Worcester.
On 08 Sep 1216 Sylvester Bishop of Worcester -1218 was enthroned as Bishop of Worcester.
After 19 Oct 1216 John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216 was buried in the Chancel of Worcester_Cathedral. His monument in the place of honour in the Choir in front of the High Altar. Sides decorated with the Three Lions of England. The Purbeck Marble effigy is the earliest of a King in England. Unusually carved to be life-like. Unsheathed sword at his side; his sword was found in the tomb when it was opened in 1529. His head supported by St Oswald and St Wulfstan, the two patron saints of Worcester. The base constructed in the 16th Century. The tomb was opened again on Monday 17 Jul 1797 at the instigation of Valentine Green (1739–1813). Inside the tomb chest, a stone coffin was discovered, containing the royal remains.
Around 25 Aug 1218 Bishop William de Blois -1236 was elected Bishop of Worcester.
On 07 Oct 1218 Bishop William de Blois -1236 was consecrated Bishop of Worcester.
On 30 Aug 1236 Walter de Cantelupe Bishop of Worcester 1191-1266 (45) was elected Bishop of Worcester.
On 03 May 1237 Walter de Cantelupe Bishop of Worcester 1191-1266 (46) was consecrated Bishop of Worcester.
On 19 Sep 1266 Nicholas Ely Bishop -1280 was consecrated Bishop of Worcester.
On 26 Sep 1266 Nicholas Ely Bishop -1280 was enthroned Bishop of Worcester at Worcester Cathedral.
On 02 Mar 1268 Nicholas Ely Bishop -1280 was translated to Bishop of Winchester at Worcester Cathedral by Pope Clement IV.
Around 20 May 1268 Godfrey Giffard Bishop of Worcester 1235-1302 (33) was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
On 13 Oct 1278 Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 (45) and Eleanor Montfort Princess of Wales 1252-1282 (26) were married at Worcester Cathedral. They were half first cousins once removed. He a great grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a granddaughter of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216.
On 07 Apr 1287 Robert Mortimer Woodham 2nd Baron Mortimer Burford 1225-1287 (62) died at Richard's Castle. He was buried at Worcester Cathedral. Hugh Mortimer Woodham 3rd Baron Mortimer Burford 1255-1304 (32) succeeded 3rd Baron Mortimer Burford. Matilda Unknown Baroness Mortimer Burford by marriage Baroness Mortimer Burford.
On 30 Mar 1290 Joyce Zouche 1240-1290 (50) died at Worcester. She was buried at Worcester Cathedral.
On 20 Jul 1304 Hugh Mortimer Woodham 3rd Baron Mortimer Burford 1255-1304 (49) died from poisoning by his wife? at Worcester Cathedral. He was buried in Worcester Cathedral.
In 1333 Simon Montagu Bishop of Worcester Bishop of Ely -1345 was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
On 03 Feb 1388 the Merciless Parliament commenced. It ended on 04 Jun 1388. Its primary function was to prosecute members of the Court of King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (21). The term "Merciless" is contemporary having been coined by the chronicler Henry Knighton.
Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (58) was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered in his absence. He had escaped to France.
Alexander Neville Archbishop of York 1341-1392 (47) was found guilty of treason and it was determined to imprison him for life in Rochester Castle. He fled to Louvain where he became a parish priest for the remainder of his life.
On 19 Feb 1388 Robert Tresilian Chief Justice -1388 was hanged naked and his throat cut.
Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (26) was attainted.
On 15 Jun 1395 Robert Tideman of Winchcombe was translated to Bishop of Worcester.
On 19 May 1401 Richard Boteville Bishop of Bath and Wells Bishop of Worcester Bishop of London -1421 was elected Bishop of Worcester.
On 09 Oct 1401 Richard Boteville Bishop of Bath and Wells Bishop of Worcester Bishop of London -1421 was consecrated as Bishop of Worcester.
On 15 May 1434 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (16) was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
On 09 Apr 1475 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Powick 1409-1475 (66) died at Powick. He was buried at Worcester Cathedral. Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503 (40) succeeded 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick in Worcestershire.
On 15 Jul 1476 Bishop John Alcock 1430-1500 (46) was translated to Bishop of Worcester.
On 16 Oct 1486 Bishop Robert Morton 1435-1497 (51) was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
On 30 Aug 1497 Giovanni de Gigli -1498 was elected Bishop of Worcester.
On 10 Sep 1497 Giovanni de Gigli -1498 was consecrated Bishop of Worcester.
On 25 Apr 1502 Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502 (15) was buried in the Chantry Chapel of Prince Arthur in Worcester_Cathedral.
William Smyth Bishop of Lincoln 1460-1514 (42) presided.
George Grey 2nd Earl Kent 1454-1505 (48) and George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (34) received Arthur's Coat of Arms, Richard Grey 3rd Earl Kent 1481-1524 (21) received Arthur's shield, John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Powis 1485-1504 (17) received Arthur's sword, pommel forwards. Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1478-1521 (24) carried Prince Arthur's banner.
Gerald Fitzgerald 9th Earl Kildare 1487-1534 (15) rode Arthur's courser as the Man at Arms, in Arthur's full armour, carrying Arthur's poleaxe, pointed down, through the Nave to the Altar where he was stripped of Arthur's (15) clothes.
The Chapel is to the right of the High Altar in the Chancel. It is decorated with heraldic carvings symbolising the houses of York, Lancaster, Beaufort and Catherine of Aragon's Pomegranate. His Purbeck marble tomb chest is decorated with the arms of England. Heis buried beneath the cathedral's floor several feet away from the tomb that visitors can see.
Before 25 Apr 1502 Prince Arthur's body was transported from Ludlow to Worcester Cathedral via the River Servern in a special wagon upholstered in black and drawn by six horses, also caparisoned in black.
On 25 Apr 1503 Prince Arthur's (16) body was buried at Worcester Cathedral.
In 1521 Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1478-1521 (43) died. He was buried at Worcester Cathedral next to his childhood friend Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502 (34).
In 1535 Hugh Latimer Bishop of Worcester 1487-1555 (48) was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
On 17 Aug 1539 Bishop John Bell -1556 was consecrated Bishop of Worcester by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (50).
In 1544 Bishop Richard Pate -1565 was appointed Bishop of Worcester having been appointed by the Pope in 1541.
In 1559 five new Bishops were consecrated including:
Archbishop Edwin Sandys 1519-1588 (40) was consecrated Bishop of Worcester.
Bishop William Barlow 1498-1568 (61) was consecrated Bishop of Chichester.
Archbishop Edmund Grindal 1519-1583 (40) was consecrated Bishop of London.
In 1559 Archbishop Edwin Sandys 1519-1588 (40) was consecrated Bishop of Worcester.
On 26 Jan 1571 Nicholas Bullingham Bishop of Lincoln 1520-1576 (51) was translated to Bishop of Worcester.
In 1576 Nicholas Bullingham Bishop of Lincoln 1520-1576 (56) was buried in Worcester Cathedral.
On 10 Feb 1593 Richard Fletcher Bishop 1545-1596 (48) was translated to Bishop of Worcester.
On 23 Apr 1608 Arthur Lake Bishop of Bath and Wells 1569-1626 (38) was appointed Dean Worcester.
In 1627 William Juxon Archbishop 1582-1663 (45) was appointed Dean Worcester.
On 22 Feb 1650 Thomas Lyttelton 1st Baronet 1593-1650 (57) died. He was bured in Worcester Cathedral. Henry Lyttelton 2nd Baronet 1624-1693 (26) succeeded 2nd Baronet Lyttelton of Frankley.
John Evelyn's Diary 02 August 1654. 02 Aug 1654. This evening we arrived at Worcester, the Judges of Assize and Sheriff of just entering as we did. Viewing the town the next day, we found the Cathedral much ruined by the late wars, otherwise a noble structure. The town is neatly paved and very clean, the goodly river Severn running by it, and standing in a most fertile country.
In 1660 George Morley Bishop 1598-1684 (61) was consecrated Bishop of Worcester.
On 23 May 1660 John Gauden Bishop -1662 was elected Bishop of Worcester.
On 30 Nov 1662 John Earle Bishop 1601-1665 (61) was consecrated Bishop of Worcester.
John Evelyn's Diary 30 November 1662. 30 Nov 1662. St. Andrew's day. Invited by the Dean of Westminster (61) to his consecration dinner and ceremony, on his being made Bishop of Worcester. Dr. Bolton preached in the Abbey Church; then followed the consecration by the Bishops of London (64), Chichester (70), Winchester (64), Salisbury (70), etc. After this, was one of the most plentiful and magnificent dinners that in my life I ever saw; it cost near £600 as I was informed. Here were the judges, nobility, clergy, and gentlemen innumerable, this Bishop being universally beloved for his sweet and gentle disposition. He was author of those Characters which go under the name of Blount. He translated his late Majesty's (32) "Icon" into Latin, was Clerk of his Closet, Chaplain, Dean of Westminster (61), and yet a most humble, meek, and cheerful man, an excellent scholar, and rare preacher. I had the honor to be loved by him. He married me at Paris, during his Majesty's (32) and the Church's exile. When I took leave of him, he brought me to the cloisters in his episcopal habit. I then went to prayers at Whitehall, where I passed that evening.
In 1671 Walter Blandford Bishop 1616-1675 (55) was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
In 1675 James Fleetwood Bishop 1603-1683 (71) was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
John Evelyn's Diary 24 March 1676. 24 Mar 1676. Dr. Brideoake (63), Bishop of Chichester, preached a mean discourse for a Bishop. I also heard Dr. Fleetwood (72), Bishop of Worcester, on Matt. xxvi. 38, of the sorrows of Christ, a deadly sorrow caused by our sins; he was no great preacher.
In 1689 Edward Stillingfleet Bishop of Worcester 1635-1699 (53) was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
In 1717 John Hough Bishop 1651-1743 (65) was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
In 1743 Isaac Maddox Bishop 1697-1759 (45) was translated to Bishop of Worcester.
On 27 Sep 1759 Isaac Maddox Bishop 1697-1759 (62) died. He is buried in the South Transept of Worcester Cathedral.
In 1769 William Digby 1733-1788 (35) was appointed Dean Worcester until 1778.
In 1774 Brownlow North Bishop 1741-1820 (32) was appointed Bishop of Worcester.
In 1783 St Andrew St John 1732-1795 (50) was appointed Dean Worcester.
Memorials of Francis Chantrey RA Sculptor in Hallamshire and Elsewhere Part V London Life and Works. To 1825 belongs the figure of Mrs. Digby (46), in marble, seated on a couch, in Worcester Cathedral; and a similar one of Mrs. Boulton (29), in the church of Great Tew, Oxfordshire.
Detailed description from Mark Downing of the Church Monuments Society posted to Facebook; abridged:
This limestone effigy lies flat on its back on a stone coffin, and is positioned in the middle of the south transept. The legs are missing below the knees. The figure is represented cross-legged (left over right). Below the head is a single rectangular cushion.
It wears a mail hauberk, mitten gauntlets and a coif all made in one. There is a cord around the head, above the face-opening, passing through rings of mail at wide intervals. A triangular flap which can be seen on the left side of the neck, represents the part of the mail coif called a ventail. This was a flap of mail drawn across the mouth to close the face-opening, and was secured to the temple either by a strap and buckle, or by a knotted cord. The mail of the armour is rendered by parallel rows of C’s, alternate rows having the curves lying in the opposite directions. The rows of mail run around the coif, arms and hauberk. The left arm is partially concealed underneath the shield with the palm of the hand resting on top of the pommel of the sword. The right hand is bare, with the mitten-gauntlet off the hand, hanging loose around the wrist. The hand is holding a hunting horn at hip level, which has a strap passing through the lower-ring of a figure eight terminal. This strap is then attached around the horn at its rear and centre. Attached to the upper ring of the terminal is a loose strap which may have been used to suspend the horn from either the sword-belt or a baldric, the loose end falling underneath the hand.
Clearly shown within the opening of the gown, beneath the arm is an additional underlying body-defence. This almost certainly represents a coat of plates, joined together at the side by three straps with rectangular buckles, the straps emerging from within the upper-breast: the rivets would have been painted on. An effigy in the Temple church, London, is wearing a similar plate defence. The coat of plates consisted of a poncho-like garment with either a solid breast-plate sewn into it, or a series of metal plates attached by rivets to a textile cover. Visible at the neck, in the aperture of the coif, is a smooth garment. Presumably this represents the upper-chest portion of the coat of plates described above.
Worn over the coat of plates is a long sleeveless gown reaching to the calf, with the front open in the usual V-fashion. On the left arm, suspended from a guige which passes diagonally across the chest and over the right shoulder, is a long kite-shaped shield, which is concave towards the body. The shield is plain with no traces of heraldry present. Biting the tip of the shield is a damaged creature, possibly a griffin, dragon or wyvern.
The sword belt which has a square buckle is decorated with I-shaped bars, having a circular boss in their centres. The belt is attached to the scabbard by a single band. The loose portion of the belt falls to the thigh. The pommel of the sword is virtually concealed by the left hand. The grip is of medium length and the remains of the right quillon is worn. The sword, in its scabbard, lies at an angle on the left side of the figure, its tip broken.
Covering the knees and the lower part of the legs are mail hose. The mail represented in the same manner as on the coif and arms. Shown below the left knee is a strap, intended to stop the mail sagging down the leg.
Unfortunately the effigy has been damaged and has lost the lower part of the legs. A drawing by Thomas Dingley in the seventeenth century shows the effigy complete with an animal resting below the feet. The drawing also shows that originally stiff-leaf foliage was represented running along the right-hand edge of the slab, similar to that of William Longespèe ob.1227 (Wiltshire) Salisbury Cathedral.
In 1838 the effigy was found buried on the north side of the church, with the stone coffin placed beneath it. Thomas Habington recorded the effigy on the north side of the quire, also with a hare at his feet which is now missing.
As previously mentioned a serpent or dragon is biting the point of the shield. The theory as to why these creatures are represented on monuments is not fully understood, but may derive from Psalm 91, v. 13. ‘Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon, shalt thou trample under foot’. These type of creatures are found on effigies in the North-East of England, for example at Egglesclffe, (Durham), Fountains Abbey c.1325 and Bainton c.1320-40, (both Yorkshire). It must be remarked that the Pershore effigy is not related to the examples found in the North-East as can be observed on stylistic grounds. Lawrence Stone remarks on a Westminster-Lincoln stylistic connection which may carry some weight, but as the effigy is so singular it is very difficult to attribute it to any single group. However the upper-drapery is not too dissimilar to work at Worcester Cathedral (q.v.), and Alfred C. Fryer has attributed both Worcester (1) and Pershore to the ‘Bristol Workshop’.
A very unusual feature is the presence of a horn which is held in the right hand. Other effigies known to the writer where horns are represented can be seen for instance at: Glinton (Northamptonshire) c.1300-1325, Newland (Gloucestershire) c.1457, Skegby, (Nottinghamshire) c.1300 and Wadworth (Yorkshire), c.1300, all are dressed in civilian clothes whereas the Pershore effigy is represented in armour. The reason why the Pershore effigy is represented with a horn is open to at least two theories. The traditional belief is that he was a forest ranger or warden of the Kings forest. The second is that he held land by the horn, ‘horngeld’. A splendid medieval oliphant horn known as ‘The Savernake Horn’ is preserved in the British Museum, London, which has silver enamelled mounts decorated with hunting dogs, forest animals, a seated King, a bishop and a forester. It is thought to have once belonged to the Sturmy family who were hereditary wardens of the Savernake forest from the early twelfth century until the first quarter of the fifteenth century and would add most weight to the theory of the Pershore effigy being a forest warden.
Alwyne Compton Bishop of Ely 1825-1906 was appointed Dean Worcester.
General Interior of Worcester Cathedral.
Hudibras On Samuel Butler Author of Hudibras. Our author received his first rudiments of learning at home; he was afterwards sent to the college school at Worcester, then taught by Mr. Henry Bright,* prebendary of that cathedral, a celebrated scholar and many years the famous master of the King's school there; one who made his business his delight; and though in very easy circumstances continued to teach for the sake of doing good, by benefiting the families of the neighbouring gentlemen, who thought themselves happy in having their sons instructed by him.
Note 2. Mr. Bright is buried in the cathedral church of Worcester near the north pillar at the foot of the steps which lead to the choir. He was bom 1562, appointed schoolmaster 1586 made prebendary 1619, died 1626. The inscription in capitals, on a mural stone, now placed in what is called the Bishop's Chapel, is as follows:
Mane hospes et lege,
Magister HENRICUS BRIGHT,
Qui Bcholse regi» istic fimdatae per totos 40 annos
summa cum laude praefuit.
Chantry Chapel of Prince Arthur, Worcester Cathedral, Worcestershire
Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VII. 1501. This yeare, the 14th day of November, Prince Arthure (14) was married at Paules Churche, in London, to the Kinge of Spaynes (48) third daughter, named Katheryne (15). And in Easter weeke followinge the saide Prince Arthure (14) deceased at Ludlowe, in Wales, and was buried at Worcester. See Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon, Death of Prince Arthur.