History of York

740 York Fire

867 Battle of York

1066 Battle of Fulford

1069 Sveyn II's Raid on England

1190 Massacre of the Jews at York

1298 Edward I 43rd Parliament

1312 Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle

1322 Despencer War Executions

1405 Northern Rising

1453 Battle of Heworth Moor

1461 Battle of Towton

1461 Coronation of Edward IV

1469 Execution of the Neville Brothers

1489 Yorkshire Rebellion

1537 Bigod's Rebellion

1644 Battle of Marston Moor

1690 Glorious Revolution

York is in North.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 600-649. 626. This year came Eamer from Cwichelm, king of the West-Saxons, with a design to assassinate King Edwin (40); but he killed Lilla his thane, and Forthere, and wounded the king (40). The same night a daughter was born to Edwin (40), whose name was Eanfleda. Then promised the king to Paulinus, that he would devote his daughter to God, if he would procure at the hand of God, that he might destroy his enemy, who had sent the assassin to him. He then advanced against the West-Saxons with an army, felled on the spot five kings, and slew many of their men. This year Eanfleda, the daughter of King Edwin (40), was baptized, on the holy eve of Pentecost. And the king within twelve months was baptized, at Easter, with all his people. Easter was then on the twelfth of April. This was done at York, where he had ordered a church to be built of timber, which was hallowed in the name of St. Peter. There the king gave the bishopric to Paulinus; and there he afterwards ordered a larger church to be built of stone. This year Penda began to reign; and reigned thirty winters. He had seen fifty winters when he began to reign. Penda was the son of Wybba (36), Wybba of Creoda (56), Creoda of Cynewald, Cynewald of Cnebba, Cnebba of Icel, Icel of Eomer, Eomer of Angelthew, Angelthew of Offa, Offa of Wearmund, Wearmund of Whitley, Whitley of Woden.

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In 685 Saint Cuthbert 634-687 (51) was consecrated Bishop of Hexham at York.

740 York Fire

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 700-749. 740. This year died King Ethelhard; and Cuthred, his relative, succeeded to the West-Saxon kingdom, which he held fourteen winters, during which time he fought many hard battles with Ethelbald, king of the Mercians. On the death of Archbishop Nothelm, Cuthbert was consecrated archbishop, and Dunn, Bishop of Rochester. This year York was on fire.

Battle of York

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. 867. This year the army went from the East-Angles over the mouth of the Humber to the Northumbrians, as far as York. And there was much dissension in that nation among themselves; they had deposed their king Osbert, and had admitted Aella, who had no natural claim. Late in the year, however, they returned to their allegiance, and they were now fighting against the common enemy; having collected a vast force, with which they fought the army at York; and breaking open the town, some of them entered in. Then was there an immense slaughter of the Northumbrians, some within and some without; and both the kings were slain on the spot. The survivors made peace with the army. The same year died Bishop Ealstan, who had the bishopric of Sherborn fifty winters, and his body lies in the town.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1016. This year came King Knute (21) with a marine force of one hundred and sixty ships, and Alderman Edric with him, over the Thames into Mercia at Cricklade; whence they proceeded to Warwickshire, during the middle of the winter, and plundered therein, and burned, and slew all they met. Then began Edmund the etheling (26) to gather an army, which, when it was collected, could avail him nothing, unless the king (50) were there and they had the assistance of the citizens of London. The expedition therefore was frustrated, and each man betook himself home. After this, an army was again ordered, under full penalties, that every person, however distant, should go forth; and they sent to the king (50) in London, and besought him to come to meet the army with the aid that he could collect. When they were all assembled, it succeeded nothing better than it often did before; and, when it was told the king, that those persons would betray him who ought to assist him, then forsook he the army, and returned again to London. Then rode Edmund the etheling (26) to Earl Utred in Northumbria; and every man supposed that they would collect an army King Knute (21); but they went into Stafforddhire, and to Shrewsbury, and to Chester; and they plundered on their parts, and Knute (21) on his. He went out through Buckinghamshire to Bedfordshire; thence to Huntingdonshire, and so into Northamptonshire along the fens to Stamford. Thence into Lincolnshire. Thence to Nottinghamshire; and so into Northumbria toward York. When Utred understood this, he ceased from plundering, and hastened northward, and submitted for need, and all the Northumbrians with him; but, though he gave hostages, he was nevertheless slain by the advice of Alderman Edric, and Thurkytel, the son of Nafan, with him. After this, King Knute (21) appointed Eric earl over Northumbria, as Utred was; and then went southward another way, all by west, till the whole army came, before Easter, to the ships. Meantime Edmund Etheling (26) went to London to his father (50): and after Easter went King Knute (21) with all his ships toward London; but it happened that King Ethelred (50) died ere the ships came. He ended his days on St. George's day; having held his kingdom in much tribulation and difficulty as long as his life continued.

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Sveyn II's Raid on England

In 1069 Sweyn II King Denmark 1019-1076 (50) sent an army to England to attack William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) in support of Edgar Ætheling II King England 1051-1126 (18). Sveyn's (50) army captured York and were then bought off.

Flowers of History by Matthew of Westminster Volume 2 Chapter 1 1066 1087 Two sons of Sweyn came into England to subdue it. 1069. Between the time of the two festivals of the blessed Virgin Mary, in the autumn, the two sons of Sweyn (50) [Harald III King of Denmark 1040-1080 (29) and Canute "The Holy" IV King Denmark 1042-1086 (27)] came with three hundred ships from Denmark into England, in order to subdue it in a hostile manner, and to take king William prisoner (41), or else expel him from England. But when their arrival was noised abroad, the counts, and barons, and nobles of the land went forth to meet them, being oppressed by the intolerable arrogance of the Normans; and they made a treaty with them, and so joined the army of the Danes, in order to overthrow king William (41). But William (41), that most prudent king, when he saw the danger that threatened him, humbled himself to them, and checked the insolence of the Normans; and having in this way recalled many of the English nobles to their allegiance, and having sagaciously made a treaty with them all, he took the city of York by storm, which was a great rendezvous of the Danes, and made himself master of every thing in it, and slew many thousand men there.

Massacre of the Jews at York

On 17 Mar 1190 at York the Jewish population sought protection from violence in Clifford's Tower York Castle York. The tower was besieged by the mob of crusaders preparing to leave on the Third Crusade. The Jewish men killed their wives and children, after which they set fire to the wooden keep. Those who did escape were murdered.

On 22 Apr 1279 Walter Giffard Archbishop of York 1225-1279 (54) died at York. He was buried at York Minster.

Around 1290 Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1290-1339 was born to William Dacre 1266-1318 (23) and Joan Gernet 1270-1324 (20) at York.

Edward I 43rd Parliament

In 1298 Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (48) attended Edward I 43rd Parliament at York.

Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle

On 04 May 1312 King Edward II of England (28) and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) were at Newcastle on Tyne Castle where they barely escaped a force led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (34), Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (39) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (38). Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) escaped to Scarborough, King Edward II of England (28) to York.

In Mar 1322 Alice Lacy Countess Leicester Countess Lancaster 5th Countess Salisbury 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (40) was imprisoned at York.

Despencer War Executions

On 23 Mar 1322 at York ...
Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 (22) was hanged. His brother Robert Clifford 3rd Baron Clifford 1305-1344 (16) succeeded 3rd Baron Clifford.
John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322 (35) was hanged. He was buried at Fountains Abbey. His son John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361 (11) succeeded 3rd Baron Mowbray 1C 1283.

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 1 Chapter 15 How that king Robert de Bruce of Scotland defied king Edward. AFTER that sir John of Hainault (39) was departed from king Edward (14), he and the queen (32) his mother governed the realm by the counsel of the earl of Kent (25), uncle to the king, and by the counsel of sir Roger Mortimer (39), who had great lands in England to the sum of seven hundred pounds of rent yearly. And they both were banished and chased out of England with the queen (32), as ye have heard before. Also they used much after the counsel of sir Thomas Wake (30), and by the advice of other who were reputed for the most sagest of the realm. Howbeit there were some had envy thereat, the which never died in England, and also it reigneth and will reign in divers other countries. Thus passed forth the winter and the Lent season till Easter, and then the king (14) and the queen (32) and all the realm was in good peace all this season. Then so it fortuned that king Robert of Scotland (52), who had been right hardy and had suffered much travail against Englishmen, and oftentimes he had been chased and discomfited in the time of king Edward the first, grandfather to this young king Edward the third (14), he was as then become very old and ancient, and sick (as it was said) of the great evil and malady. When he knew the adventures that was fallen in England, how that the old king Edward the second (42) was taken and deposed down from his regaly and his crown, and certain of his counsellors beheaded and put to destruction, as ye have heard herebefore, then he bethought him that he would defy the young king Edward the third (14), because he was young and that the barons of the realm were not all of one accord, as it was said: therefore he [thought] the better to speed in his purpose to conquer part of England. And so about Easter in the year of our Lord MCCCXXVII. he sent his defiance to the young king Edward the third and to all the realm, sending them word how that he would enter into the realm of England and bren before him as he had done beforetime at such season as the discomfiture was at the castle of Stirling, whereas the Englishmen received great damage. When the king of England (14) and his council perceived that they were defied, they caused it to be known over all the realm, and commanded that all the nobles and all other should be ready apparelled every man after his estate, and that they should be by Ascension-day next after at the town of York, standing northward. The king sent much people before to keep the frontiers against Scotland, and sent a great ambassade to sir John of Hainault (39), praying him right affectuously that he would help to succour and to keep company with him in his voyage against the Scots, and that he world be with him at the Ascensionday next after at York, with such company as he might get of men of war in those parts. When sir John of Hainault lord of Beaumont (39) heard the king's (14) desire, he sent straight his letters and his messengers in every place whereas he thought to recover or attain to have any company of men of war, in Flanders, in Hainault, in Brabant, and in other places, desiring them that in their best apparel for the war they would meet him at Wissant, for to go over the sea with him into England. And all such as he sent unto came to him with a glad cheer, and divers other that heard thereof, in trust to attain to as much honour as they had that were with him in England before at the other voyage. So that by that time the said lord Beaumont (39) was come to Wissant, there was ready ships for him and his company, brought out of England. And so they took shipping and passed over the sea and arrived at Dover, and so then ceased not to ride till: they came within three days of Pentecost to the town of York, whereas the king (14) and the queen (32) his mother and all his lords were with great host tarrying the coming of sir John of Hainault (39), and had sent many before of their men of arms, archers and common people of the good towns and villages; and as people resorted, they were caused to be lodged two or three leagues off, all about in the country. And on a day thither came sir John of Hainault (39) and his company, who were right welcome and well received both of the king (14), of the queen his mother, and of all other barons, and to them was delivered the suburbs of the city to lodge in. And to sir John of Hainault was delivered an abbey of white monks for him and his household. There came with him out of Hainault the lord of Enghien, who was called sir Gaultier, and sir Henry lord d'Antoing, and the lord of Fagnolle, and sir Fastres du Roeulx, sir Robert de Bailleul, and sir Guilliam de Bailleul his brother, and the lord of Havreth, chatelain of Mons, sir Allard de Briffeuil, sir Michael de Ligne, sir John de Montigny the younger and his brother, sir Sanses de Boussoit, the lord of Gommegnies, sir Perceval de Semeries, the lord of Beaurieu and the lord of Floyon. Also of the country of Flanders there was sir Hector of Vilain, sir John de Rhodes, sir Wu there was sir John le Belt and sir Henry his brother, sir Godfrey de la Chapelle, sir Hugh d'Ohey, sir John de Libyne, sir Lambert d'Oupey, and sir Gilbert de Herck: and out of Cambresis and Artois there were come certain knights of their own good wills to advance their bodies: so that sir John of Hainault had well in his company five hundred men of arms, well apparelled and richly mounted. And after the feast of Pentecost came thither sir Guilliam de Juliers (28), who was after duke of Juliers after the decease of his father, and sir Thierry of Heinsberg, who was after earl of Loos, and with them a right fair rout, and all to keep company with the gentle knight sir John of Hainault lord Beaumont.

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In 1391 John Dunbar 1st Earl Moray -1391 was killed in a tournament at York from wounds received from Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (5). His son Thomas Dunbar 2nd Earl Moray 1371-1422 (20) succeeded 5th Earl Moray 2C 1374.

On 31 Jul 1392 Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (79) died at York. His son Stephen Scrope 2nd Baron Scrope Masham 1345-1406 (47) succeeded 2nd Baron Scrope Masham.

Northern Rising

On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) arrived at York. The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (23) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) sat in judgement of Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19). William Gascoigne Chief Justice 1350-1419 (55) refused to pronounce sentence on Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) asserting their right to be tried by their peers.

On 08 Jun 1405 before a great crowd at York ...
Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) was beheaded. Possibly the only execution of an Archbishop that occurred in England.
Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) was beheaded. His brother John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (13) succeeded 5th Earl Norfolk 3C 1312, 3rd Earl Nottingham 2C 1383, 8th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283, 9th Baron Segrave 2C 1295.

On 27 Apr 1458 John Darcy 1404-1458 (54) died at York.

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45), Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61).
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35), Ralph Bigod Lord Morley 1410-1461 (50), John Bigod 1433-1461 (28), Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71), Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49), Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51), John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33), Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61), Everard Simon Digby -1461, William Plumpton 1436-1461 (25) and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed.
Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed. His son Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded 4th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 7th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 15th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.
Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed. His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded 7th Baron Welles.

Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60), William Norreys 1441-1507 (20), Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43), Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 (30), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33), Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22), Henry Roos -1504 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41). Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York. His brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded 15th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay. Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440-1484 (21) by marriage Countess Devon 2C Courtenay.
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45), Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86), Andrew Trollope -1461 and his son David Trollope -1461 were killed.
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed.

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Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 20 Apr 1461. York. Appointment for life of Henry Sotehill (43) as attorney general in all courts of record in England, receiving the accustomed fees, with power of appointing deputies. By ps.
Vacated by surrender and cancelled 11 July, 11 Edward IV.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 20 Apr 1461. York. Grant for life to Thomas Witham (41) of the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer, with the accustomed fees.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 08 May 1461. York. Grant for life to William Herbert (38), knight, of the offices of office of chief justice and chamberlain of South Wales, steward of the commontes in the counties of Caermarthen and Cardigan, and chief forester in those counties (Carmarthenshire,Cardiganshire).

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 08 May 1461. York. Commission to John Haryngton (47), esquire, John Kyrton, Thomas Banke and William Boleyn to arrest Thomas CLaymond, esquire, Robert Heryng, 'sowter' and John Hedale, carpenter, and bring them before the king (19) in Chancery.

Execution of the Neville Brothers

On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville of Brancepeth (30) and Charles Neville of Brancepeth were beheaded at York in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (40) bringing to an end the Neville-Neville fued that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited.

Yorkshire Rebellion

On 28 Apr 1489 Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489 (40) was hanged at York by the rebels when attempting to collect the tax. On 28 Apr 1489 His son Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (11) succeeded 5th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 8th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 16th Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 7th Baron Poynings 1C 1337.
The King then sent an army of 8000 north led by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (46). The rebels dispersed; their leader John à Chambre was hanged for treason. The rebels then chose John Percy 1459- (30) as their leader. His leadership proved less than reliable; he eventually fled to the court of Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 (42) (sister of Edward IV and Richard III) who remained sympathetic to the Yorkist cause.

After 27 Jun 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 stayed at York.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541.

In 1528 John Constable 1528-1584 was born to John Constable 1510-1550 (18) at York.

Bigod's Rebellion

On 12 Jul 1537 Robert Aske 1500-1537 (37) was hanged at York.
George aka William Lumley -1537 was hanged at Tyburn.
Nicholas Tempest 1480-1537 (57) was hanged at Tyburn.

In 1546 John Constable 1546-1592 was born to John Constable 1528-1584 (18) at York.

In 1556 Richard Goldthorpe Haberdasher Mayor -1560 was elected Mayor of York.

On 20 Mar 1564 Thomas Morton Bishop 1564-1659 was born at York.

In 1568 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (31) attended to hear evidence against Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587 (25) at York.

In 1563 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572.Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.

In 1584 John Constable 1528-1584 (56) died at York.

On 14 Dec 1595 Henry Hastings 3rd Earl Huntingdon 1535-1595 (60) died at York. On 26 Apr 1596 Henry Hastings 3rd Earl Huntingdon 1535-1595 (61) was buried at Hasting's Chapel St Helen's Church Ashby de la Zouch. His brother George Hastings 4th Earl Huntingdon 1540-1604 (55) succeeded 4th Earl Huntingdon 7C 1529, 6th Baron Hastings 2C 1430, 8th Baron Hungerford, 6th Baron Moleyns, 9th Baron Botreaux 1368. Dorothy Port Countess Huntingdon -1607 by marriage Countess Huntingdon.

In Jun 1642 William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (24) was with King Charles I (41) at York.

In 1631 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684.Around 1647. Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 although the painting says somewhat curiously 2nd Earl Devonshire.In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

Battle of Marston Moor

John Evelyn's Diary 17 August 1654. 17 Aug 1654. To York, the second city of England, fairly walled, of a circular form, watered by the brave River Ouse, bearing vessels of considerable burden on it; over it is a stone bridge emulating that of London, and built on; the middle arch is larger than any I have seen in England, with a wharf of hewn stone, which makes the river appear very neat. But most remarkable and worth seeing is St. Peter's Cathedral, which of all the great churches in England had been best preserved from the fury of the sacrilegious, by composition with the Rebels when they took the city, during the many incursions of Scotch and others. It is a most entire magnificent piece of Gothic architecture. The screen before the choir is of stone carved with flowers, running work and statues of the old kings. Many of the. Monuments are very ancient. Here, as a great rarity in these days and at this time, they showed me a Bible and Common Prayer Book covered with crimson velvet, and richly embossed with silver gilt; also a service for the altar of gilt wrought plate, flagons, basin, ewer, plates, chalices, patins, etc., with a gorgeous covering for the altar and pulpit, carefully preserved in the vestry, in the hollow wall whereof rises a plentiful spring of excellent water. I got up to the tower, whence we had a prospect toward Durham, and could see Ripon, part of Lancashire, the famous and fatal Marston Moor, the Spas of Knaresborough, and all the environs of that admirable country. Sir —— Ingoldsby has here a large house, gardens, and tennis court; also the King's (24) house and church near the castle, which was modernly fortified with a palisade and bastions. The streets are narrow and ill-paved, the shops like London.

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Glorious Revolution

John Evelyn's Diary 02 December 1688. 02 Dec 1688. Dr. Tenison (52) preached at St. Martin's on Psalm xxxvi. 5, 6, 7, concerning Providence. I received the blessed Sacrament. Afterward, visited my Lord Godolphin (43), then going with the Marquis of Halifax (55) and Earl of Nottingham (41) as Commissioners to the Prince of Orange (38); he told me they had little power. Plymouth declared for the Prince (38). Bath, York, Hull, Bristol, and all the eminent nobility and persons of quality through England, declare for the Protestant religion and laws, and go to meet the Prince (38), who every day sets forth new Declarations against the Papists. The great favorites at Court, Priests and Jesuits, fly or abscond. Everything, till now concealed, flies abroad in public print, and is cried about the streets. Expectation of the Prince (38) coming to Oxford. The Prince of Wales and great treasure sent privily to Portsmouth, the Earl of Dover (52) being Governor. Address from the Fleet not grateful to his Majesty (55). The Papists in offices lay down their commissions, and fly. Universal consternation among them; it looks like a revolution.

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In 1694 William Howard 3rd Baron Howard Escrick -1694 died at York. In 1694 His son Charles Howard4th Baron Howard succeeded 4th Baron Howard of Escrick.

In 1710 Richard Terrick Bishop 1710-1777 was born in York.

On 19 Dec 1726 Henry Willoughby 5th Baron Middleton 1726-1800 was born to Thomas Willoughby 1694-1742 (32) and Elizabeth Southby at York.

On 06 Jul 1755 John Flaxman Sculptor 1755-1826 was born in York to John Flaxman 1726-1803 (29).

Before 1826 . John Jackson Painter 1778-1831. Portrait of John Flaxman Sculptor 1755-1826.Around 1797. Henry Howard Painter 1769-1847. Portrait of John Flaxman Sculptor 1755-1826.Before 07 Dec 1826. Henry Howard Painter 1769-1847. Portrait of John Flaxman Sculptor 1755-1826.

In 1787 William Mordaunt Milner 3rd Baronet Milner 1754-1811 (32) was appointed Lord Mayor of York.

After 1798 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of William Mordaunt Milner 3rd Baronet Milner 1754-1811.

On 05 Dec 1820 Jane Lawley 1820-1900 was born to Paul Thompson 1st Baron Wenlock 1784-1852 (36) and Caroline Griffin Baroness Wenlock -1868 in York.

1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Jane Lawley 1820-1900.

On 05 Apr 1824 Julia Louisa Bosville Baroness Middleton 1824-1901 was born at York.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle William The Conqueror. Then it was told the king, that the people in the North had gathered themselves together, and would stand against him if he came. Whereupon he went to Nottingham, and wrought there a castle; and so advanced to York, and there wrought two castles; and the same at Lincoln, and everywhere in that quarter. Then Earl Gospatric and the best men went into Scotland. Amidst this came one of Harold's sons from Ireland with a naval force into the mouth of the Avon unawares, and plundered soon over all that quarter; whence they went to Bristol, and would have stormed the town; but the people bravely withstood them. When they could gain nothing from the town, they went to their ships with the booty which they had acquired by plunder; and then they advanced upon Somersetshire, and there went up; and Ednoth, master of the horse, fought with them; but he was there slain, and many good men on either side; and those that were left departed thence.

The River Ouse is formed by the confluence of the River Ure and River Swale around 900m south-west of Myton-on-Swale; there are other theories as to where it starts. Thereafter it flows broadly south-east through York, past Cawood, Selby, joining the Humber Estuary at Trent Falls.

Ermine Street 2e Brough to York. Having crossed the Humber Estuary to Petuaria Ermine Street continues north past South Newbald, Shiptonthorpe, Barmby. Ermine Street then follows either, or both of two routes. The first, Kexby Bridge to Eboracum. The second route suggests Ermine Street may have continued to Durham via Wilberfoss, Stamford Bridge after whic it turned left for Eboracum.

Bishopthorpe York

On 10 Dec 1776 Robert Hay-Drummond Archbishop of York 1711-1776 (65) died at Bishopthorpe York.

In or before 1771 Andrea Soldi Painter 1703-1771. Portrait of Robert Hay-Drummond Archbishop of York 1711-1776.

On 25 Nov 1891 Harvey Goodwin Bishop of Carlisle 1818-1891 (73) died in Bishopthorpe York whilst on a visit to William Maclagan, Archbishop of York.

Church of the Black Friars York

On 22 Mar 1426 Richard Redman Master of the Horse 1350-1426 (76) died at Harewood Castle. He was buried at Church of the Black Friars York

Heworth Moor York

Battle of Heworth Moor

On or before 24 Aug 1453 Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (23) and Maud Stanhope 4th Baroness Cromwell Baroness Willoughby Eresby -1497 were married. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England. Maud Stanhope 4th Baroness Cromwell Baroness Willoughby Eresby -1497 was the niece and heiress of Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (50) meaning traditional Percy lands would become Neville lands. The Percy's, being the older family, especially Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (30), took umbrage with the ensuing two year feud known as the Neville Percy Feud.

On 24 Aug 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (22) was ambushed at Heworth Moor York by Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (30) leading a force of 700 or more men when returning with his brother's wedding party from Tattershall Castle Tattershall to Sheriff Hutton.

Fulford York

Battle of Fulford

On 20 Sep 1066 Harald Hardrada III King Norway 1015-1066 (51), with Tostig Godwinson Earl Northumbria 1026-1066 (40), defeated the brothers Edwin Earl of Mercia -1071 and Morcar Earl Northumbria -1087 at the Battle of Fulford at Fulford York.

Mickelgate Bar, York

Coronation of Edward IV

Chronicle of Gregory 1461-1469. Ande the Kynge taryd in the Northe a grette whyle, a made grete inquerens of the rebellyens a-gayne hys fadyr. And toke downe hys fadyrs hedde fro the walle of Yorke. And made alle the contray to ben sworne unt hym and to hys lawys. And then he returnyd unto Lundon agayne. And there he made xviij knyghtys and many lordys. And then he rode to Westemyster. And there he was crounyd the xxviij day of June, and the yere of oure Lorde MlCCCC lxj, blessyd be God of hys grete grace, etc.

St Deny's Church York

After 29 Mar 1461 Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 was buried at St Deny's Church York.

St Saviour's Church York

On 16 Aug 1624 Henry Belasyse 1st Baronet 1555-1624 (69) died. He was buried in St Saviour's Church York. His son Thomas Belasyse 1st Viscount Faunconberg 1577-1653 (47) succeeded 2nd Baronet Belasyse of Newborough.

Stillingfleet, York

Moreby Hall, Stillingfleet, York

In 1582 William Acklom 1582-1637 was born at Moreby Hall.

On 25 Apr 1619 John Acklom 1619-1643 was born to William Acklom 1582-1637 (37) at Moreby Hall.

Around 1620 Thomas Acklom 1620-1670 was born to William Acklom 1582-1637 (38) at Moreby Hall.

In 1637 William Acklom 1582-1637 (55) died at Moreby Hall.

In 1643 John Acklom 1619-1643 (23) died at Moreby Hall.

On 06 Sep 1660 Mark Milbanke 1st Baronet 1638-1680 (22) and Elizabeth Acklom Lady Milbanke 1635-1672 were married at Moreby Hall.

Stonegate York

On 13 Apr 1570 Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 was born in Stonegate York.

The Pavement York

On 22 Aug 1572 Thomas Percy 7th Earl of Northumberland 1528-1572 (44) was beheaded at The Pavement in York. His brother Henry Percy 8th Earl of Northumberland 1532-1585 (40) succeeded 8th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 10th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 18th Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 2nd Baron Percy of Alnwick 2C 1577, 11th Baron Poynings 1C 1337.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henry Percy 8th Earl of Northumberland 1532-1585.

York Castle York

York Minster