Duke Somerset

1455 First Battle of St Albans

1464 Battle of Hexham

1471 Battle of Tewkesbury Executions

Duke Somerset is in Dukes.

Duke Somerset 1C 1443

On 28 Aug 1443 John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (40) was created 1st Duke Somerset 1C 1443, 1st Earl Kendal 2C 1443 by his half first cousin once removed Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (21). Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 (33) by marriage Duchess Somerset.

On 27 May 1444 John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (41) committed suicide. Suicide not certain but likely. Duke Somerset 1C 1443 extinct. His only child Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 aged one was his heir. Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (22) granted her wardship to William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (47) who married her to his son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (1) when they were b oth young children. His brother Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (38) succeeded 4th Earl Somerset 2C 1397. Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (35) by marriage Countess Somerset.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Duke Somerset 2C 1448

On 31 Mar 1448 Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (42) was created 1st Duke Somerset 2C 1448. He is frequently referred to as the 2nd Duke Somerset since his brother John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (45) was the 1st Duke Somerset of the first creation. Edmund didn't inherit the Dukedom from his brother; it was a new creation. His did inherit the Earldom.

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (26), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).
The Lancastrians ...
Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was killed. His son Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded 2nd Duke Somerset 2C 1448. Note his father is frequently incorrectly referred to as the second Duke and Henry as the third Duke. His father's Dukedom, however, was a new creation.
Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) was killed. His son Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (33) succeeded 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 6th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 14th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 (33) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.
Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) was killed. His son John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (20) succeeded 9th Baron Clifford, 9th Lord Skipton. Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1434-1493 (21) by marriage Baroness Clifford.
William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured.
Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured.
Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

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Battle of Hexham

On 15 May 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hexham during the Battle of Hexham.
Those fighting for York included John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1427-1473 (36), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (36).
Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) was beheaded following the battle. His brother Edmund Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (25) succeeded 4th Duke Somerset 2C 1448. He Edmund is frequently referred as the 4th Duke. His father's (58) Dukedom was, however, a new creation.
Philip Wentworth 1424-1464 (40) was executed at Middleham.

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Battle of Tewkesbury Executions

On 06 May 1471 those captured at the Battle of Tewkesbury: Edmund Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (32), Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 (44), Gervase Clifton 1405-1471 (66), Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (51) and Humphrey Tuchet 1434-1471 (37) were executed. Duke Somerset 2C 1448 extinct.

Duke Somerset 3C 1499

On 21 Feb 1499 Edmund Tudor 1st Duke Somerset 1499-1500 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (33) at the Palace of Placentia being their sixth child. On 24 Feb 1499 he was christened at the Church of the Observant Friars. His godparents were Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (55), Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (21) and Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (51), then Bishop of Durham. He is believed to have been created 1st Duke Somerset 3C 1499 on the same day although there is no documentation. On 19 Jun 1500 he died at the Royal Palace, Hatfield; possibly of plague of which an outbreak was occuring. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Duke Somerset 4C 1547