Earl Cambridge

1415 Southampton Plot

1460 Battle of Wakefield

Earl Cambridge is in Earl.

Earl Cambridge 1C 1340

In 1340 William Jülich V Duke Jülich 1299-1361 (41) was created 1st Earl Cambridge 1C 1340.

Earl Cambridge 2C 1362

In 1362 Edmund of Langley (20) was created 1st Earl Cambridge 2C 1362.

On 11 Jul 1372 Edmund of Langley (31) and Isabella of Castile (17) were married at Wallingford. He a son of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Cambridge. She being the younger sister of Constance of Castile (18) who had married Edmund's older brother John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) a year before.

Earl Cambridge 3C 1414

In 1414 Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (28) was created 1st Earl Cambridge 3C 1414. Maud Clifford Countess Cambridge 1389-1466 (25) by marriage Countess Cambridge.

On 05 Aug 1415 two executions of those involved in the Southampton Plot took place at the North Gate aka Bargate:

Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) was beheaded. His son Richard 3rd Duke York (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.

Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42) was beheaded. His brother John Scrope 4th Baron Scrope Masham 1388-1455 (27) succeeded 4th Baron Scrope Masham.

In Oct 1429 Richard 3rd Duke York (18) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) were married. They were second cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Cambridge Earl Ulster. She was the youngest sister of Richard's brother-in-arms Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (29).

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (24) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne XIII 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (50), Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33), Henry Roos -1504 and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20).

The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.

Richard 3rd Duke York (49) was killed. His son King Edward IV (18) succeeded 4th Duke York 1C 1385, 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.

Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (30), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60), William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed.

Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.

Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed.

Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed on Wakefield Bridge by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

Earl Cambridge 4C 1619

On 16 Jun 1619 James Hamilton 2nd Marquess Hamilton 1589-1625 (30) was created 1st Earl Cambridge 4C 1619, 1st Baron Innerdale. Ann Cunningham Marchioness Hamilton 1585-1647 (34) by marriage Countess Cambridge.

In 1623 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of James Hamilton 2nd Marquess Hamilton 1589-1625 with his Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. In 1623 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of James Hamilton 2nd Marquess Hamilton 1589-1625.

Before 02 Mar 1625 James Hamilton 2nd Marquess Hamilton 1589-1625 and Anne Stewart Marchioness Hamilton 1581-1669 were married. She by marriage Countess Cambridge.

Earl Cambridge 5C 1659