Earl Devon

1461 Battle of Towton

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1538 Exeter Conspiracy

Earl Devon is in Earl.

Earl Devon 1C 1141

Earl Devon 2C Courtenay

In 1335 Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (58) was created 1st/9th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay. Agnes St John Countess Devon 1275-1345 (60) by marriage Countess Devon 2C Courtenay. 1st or 9th depending how you count the Earls of Devon. 9th is continuing the previous creation.

On 23 Dec 1340 Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (64) died. His son Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (37) succeeded 2nd/10th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay. His son Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (37) succeeded 10th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay, Baron Courtenay. Margaret Bohun Countess Devon 1311-1391 (29) by marriage Countess Devon 2C Courtenay.

On 02 May 1377 Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (73) died at Exeter. His grandson Edward "Blind Earl" Courtenay 11th Earl Devon 1357-1419 (20) succeeded 11th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay. Maud Camoys Countess Devon by marriage Countess Devon 2C Courtenay.

On 05 Dec 1419 Edward "Blind Earl" Courtenay 11th Earl Devon 1357-1419 (62) died. His son Hugh Courtenay 12th Earl Devon 1389-1422 (30) succeeded 12th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay. Anne Talbot Countess Devon 1393-1441 (26) by marriage Countess Devon 2C Courtenay.

On 16 Jun 1422 Hugh Courtenay 12th Earl Devon 1389-1422 (33) died. His son Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (8) succeeded 13th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay. Margaret Beaufort Countess Devon 1409-1449 (13) by marriage Countess Devon 2C Courtenay.

After 09 Sep 1456 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 and Mary Capet Countess Devon 1446- were married at Coventry. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Devon 2C Courtenay.

In 1458 Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (44) died at Yattendon Castle. He was buried at Courtenay Chantry Chapel Exeter Cathedral. His son Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (26) succeeded 14th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay.

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45), Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61).
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35), Ralph Bigod Lord Morley 1410-1461 (50), John Bigod 1433-1461 (28), Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71), Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49), Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51), John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33), Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61), Everard Simon Digby -1461, William Plumpton 1436-1461 (25) and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed.
Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed. His son Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded 4th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 7th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 15th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.
Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed. His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded 7th Baron Welles.

Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60), William Norreys 1441-1507 (20), Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43), Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 (30), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33), Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22), Henry Roos -1504 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41). Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York. His brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded 15th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay. Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440-1484 (21) by marriage Countess Devon 2C Courtenay.
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45), Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86), Andrew Trollope -1461 and his son David Trollope -1461 were killed.
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed.

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Earl Devon 2C 1469

Before Jul 1469 Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon 1439-1469 was created 1st Earl Devon 2C 1469.

In Aug 1469 Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon 1439-1469 (30) forfeit 1st Earl Devon 2C 1469.

Earl Devon 3C 1485

Coronation of Henry VII

On 28 Oct 1485 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53) was created 1st Duke Bedford 5C 1485 by Henry VII (28) for having supported Henry's claim to the throne. Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (27) by marriage Duchess Bedford.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50) was created 1st Earl Derby 3C 1485.
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1459-1509 (26) was created 1st Earl Devon 3C 1485.
Reginald Bray 1440-1503 (45), John Fitzwalter, Thomas Cokesge, Roger Lewknor, Henry Haydon and John Verney were appointed Knight of the Bath.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In Dec 1512 Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 (16) obtained an Act of Parliament that restored his as 2nd Earl Devon 3C 1485.

Exeter Conspiracy

On 09 Dec 1539 Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 (47) and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 (43) were beheaded at Tower Hill. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 (43), his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (36) and their son Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (12) were attainted. His son was subsequently created 1st Earl Devon 5C 1553 in 1553. Marquess Exeter 1C 1525, Earl Devon 3C 1485 and Earl Devon 4C 1511 subject to attainder.

Around 1555. Attributed Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564 of the English School. Portrait of Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556.

Earl Devon 4C 1511

On 10 May 1511 William Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1475-1511 (36) was created 1st Earl Devon 4C 1511. He died a month later. Catherine York Countess Devon 1479-1527 (31) by marriage Countess Devon.

On 09 Jun 1511 William Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1475-1511 (36) died of pleurisy. His son Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 (15) succeeded 2nd Earl Devon 4C 1511. His widow Catherine York Countess Devon 1479-1527 (31) subsequently took a vow of celibacy in the presence of Richard Fitzjames Bishop -1522 on 13 Jul 1511.

After Jun 1515 Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 and Elizabeth Grey Countess Devon 1505-1519 were married. He a grandson of Edward IV King England 1442-1483. She by marriage Countess Devon.

On 25 Oct 1519 Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 (23) and Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (16) were married. He a grandson of Edward IV King England 1442-1483. She by marriage Countess Devon.

Exeter Conspiracy

On 09 Dec 1539 Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 (47) and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 (43) were beheaded at Tower Hill. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 (43), his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (36) and their son Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (12) were attainted. His son was subsequently created 1st Earl Devon 5C 1553 in 1553. Marquess Exeter 1C 1525, Earl Devon 3C 1485 and Earl Devon 4C 1511 subject to attainder.

Earl Devon 5C 1553