Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377

1455 First Battle of St Albans

1461 Battle of Towton

1489 Yorkshire Rebellion

Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377 is in Earl of Northumberland.

In 1139 Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon 4th Earl of Northumberland 1114-1152 (25) succeeded 3rd Earl Huntingdon 1C 1065, 4th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377. Ada Warenne Countess Huntingdon Countess Northumberland 1120-1178 (19) by marriage Countess Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377.

In 1377 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (35) was created 1st Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377.

In 1381 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (39) and Maud Lacy Countess Northumberland 1343-1398 (38) were married. He a great x 2 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

In 1416 Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (22) was restored 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377.

Before 08 Jul 1418 Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 and Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 were married. They were second cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (26), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).
The Lancastrians ...
Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was killed. His son Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded 2nd Duke Somerset 2C 1448. Note his father is frequently incorrectly referred to as the second Duke and Henry as the third Duke. His father's Dukedom, however, was a new creation.
Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) was killed. His son Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (33) succeeded 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 6th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 14th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 (33) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.
Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) was killed. His son John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (20) succeeded 9th Baron Clifford, 9th Lord Skipton. Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1434-1493 (21) by marriage Baroness Clifford.
William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured.
Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured.
Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

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Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45), Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61).
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35), Ralph Bigod Lord Morley 1410-1461 (50), John Bigod 1433-1461 (28), Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71), Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49), Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51), John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33), Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61), Everard Simon Digby -1461, William Plumpton 1436-1461 (25) and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed.
Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed. His son Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded 4th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 7th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 15th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.
Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed. His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded 7th Baron Welles.

Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60), William Norreys 1441-1507 (20), Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43), Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 (30), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33), Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22), Henry Roos -1504 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41). Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York. His brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded 15th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay. Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440-1484 (21) by marriage Countess Devon 2C Courtenay.
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45), Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86), Andrew Trollope -1461 and his son David Trollope -1461 were killed.
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed.

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Yorkshire Rebellion

On 28 Apr 1489 Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489 (40) was hanged at York by the rebels when attempting to collect the tax. On 28 Apr 1489 His son Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (11) succeeded 5th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 8th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 16th Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 7th Baron Poynings 1C 1337.
The King then sent an army of 8000 north led by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (46). The rebels dispersed; their leader John à Chambre was hanged for treason. The rebels then chose John Percy 1459- (30) as their leader. His leadership proved less than reliable; he eventually fled to the court of Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 (42) (sister of Edward IV and Richard III) who remained sympathetic to the Yorkist cause.

Before 1502 Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 and Katherine Spencer Countess Northumberland 1477-1542 were married. They were third cousins once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

On 19 May 1527 Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (49) died. His son Henry Percy 6th Earl of Northumberland 1502-1537 (25) succeeded 6th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 8th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 16th Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 9th Baron Poynings 1C 1337. Mary Talbot Countess Northumberland -1572 by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1557. 01 May 1557. The furst day of May was creatyd at Whytt-halle master Perse (29) the yerle of Northumberland, with viij haroldes and a dosen of trumpeters thrugh the quen('s) chambur, and thrugh the hall, and a-for hym my lord of Penbroke (56) and my lord Montyguw (28) and then my lord of Arundell (45) and my lord of Rutland (30), and hym-self whent in the myddes, alle in cremesun welvett in ther parlement robes, and whyt a hatt of velvett and cronet of gold on ys hed.

On 01 May 1557 Thomas Percy 7th Earl of Northumberland 1528-1572 (29) was restored 7th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 9th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 17th Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 10th Baron Poynings 1C 1337.

On 22 Jun 1558 Thomas Percy 7th Earl of Northumberland 1528-1572 (30) and Anne Somerset Countess Northumberland 1538-1596 (20) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

In Jan 1562 Henry Percy 8th Earl of Northumberland 1532-1585 (30) and Katherine Neville Countess Northumberland 1545-1596 (17) were married. They were third cousins once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henry Percy 8th Earl of Northumberland 1532-1585.

On 22 Aug 1572 Thomas Percy 7th Earl of Northumberland 1528-1572 (44) was beheaded at The Pavement in York. His brother Henry Percy 8th Earl of Northumberland 1532-1585 (40) succeeded 8th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 10th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 18th Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 2nd Baron Percy of Alnwick 2C 1577, 11th Baron Poynings 1C 1337.

On 21 Jun 1585 Henry Percy 8th Earl of Northumberland 1532-1585 (53) committed suicide at Tower of London. He was found dead in his bed in his cell, having been shot through the heart. A jury was at once summoned, and returned a verdict of suicide. He was buried in St Peter ad Vincula Church Tower of London. His son Henry "Wizard Earl" Percy 9th Earl of Northumberland 1564-1632 (21) succeeded 9th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 11th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 19th Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 3rd Baron Percy of Alnwick 2C 1577, 12th Baron Poynings. Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland 1564-1619 (21) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henry "Wizard Earl" Percy 9th Earl of Northumberland 1564-1632.Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland 1564-1619.

On 05 Nov 1632 Henry "Wizard Earl" Percy 9th Earl of Northumberland 1564-1632 (68) died. His son Algernon Percy 10th Earl of Northumberland 1602-1668 (30) succeeded 10th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 12th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 20th Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 4th Baron Percy of Alnwick 2C 1577, 13th Baron Poynings.

Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Algernon Percy 10th Earl of Northumberland 1602-1668 and Anne Cecil -1637.Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Algernon Percy 10th Earl of Northumberland 1602-1668.

On 01 Oct 1642 Algernon Percy 10th Earl of Northumberland 1602-1668 (40) and Elizabeth Howard Countess Northumberland 1623-1705 (19) were married. She by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

On 23 Dec 1662 Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland 1644-1670 (18) and Elizabeth Wriothesley Countess Northumberland 1646-1690 (16) were married. She by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Around 1658 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland 1644-1670.Around 1672 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland 1644-1670.

On 13 Oct 1668 Algernon Percy 10th Earl of Northumberland 1602-1668 (66) died at Petworth. He was buried at Petworth. His son Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland 1644-1670 (24) succeeded 11th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 13th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 21st Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 5th Baron Percy of Alnwick 2C 1577, 14th Baron Poynings.

On 31 May 1670 Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland 1644-1670 (25) died in Turin without male issue. Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299 and Baron Percy of Topcliffe, Baron Percy of Alnwick 2C 1577 and Baron Poynings extinct. His daughter Elizabeth (3) was his sole heiress.

In 1713 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Elizabeth Percy Duchess Somerset 1667-1722. Petworth House.Around 1680 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of Elizabeth Percy Duchess Somerset 1667-1722 as Madonna and Child.Petworth House.