Royalty of England Great Britain and the United Kingdom
Lords Spritual England
Order of the Garter
Before 23 Apr 1344 King Edward III England formed the Order of the Garter. The date is somewhat unclear. The first reliable record occurs in autumn of 1348 when the King's wardrobe account shows Garter habits being issued. The Order may have been formed before then with some traditions such as the mantle, and the garter and motto, possibly being introduced later. The Garter refers to an event at Wark Castle at which King Edward III England picked up the Countess of Salisbury's fallen garter and saying to the crowd "Honi soit qui mal y pense" ie Shame on him who thinks badly of it, or possibly, he brings shame on himself who thinks badly of it. The Countess of Salisbury could refer to his future daughter-in-law Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 or her former mother-in-law Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349. The event has also been drescribed as taking place at Calias.
Offices of State