Dukes of France

1396 Battle of Nicopolis

1415 Battle of Agincourt

1745 Battle of Fontenoy

Dukes of France is in France Nobilty.

Duke Alençon

On 25 Oct 1415 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard.

Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29).

Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397 extinct.

John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (35) and Edward Burnell -1415 and Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine 1377-1415 (38) were killed.

Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.

The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12), Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29), Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57), John Grey 1387-1439 (28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37), Piers Leigh 1389-1422 (26) (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420 (22), Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley of Heighley 1398-1459 (17), Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (30). Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.

Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed.

The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35), Walter Sais 1320- (95), Roger Vaughan 1345- (70) and his son Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (5). Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.

The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46), Philip Valois II Count Nevers 1389-1415 (26), John of Bar 1380-1415 (35), Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415 (48), David Rambures 1364-1415 (51) and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415, Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxemburg 1355-1415 (60) and Hector de Chartres -1415 were killed.

Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20) was captured by Richard Waller 1395-1462 (20) for which he was knighted on the battlefield by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29).

John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.

Robert of Bar Count Soissons Count Marle 1390-1415 (25) was killed. Jeanne of Bar Countess Soissons 1415-1462 succeeded Count Soissons 1367.

Edward of Bar III Duke of Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed. Cardinal Louis of Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded I Duke Bar.

John Valois Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed. Jean Valois Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.

Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed. Antoine Count of Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.

Anthony Valois Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed. John Valois IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.

Jean II Le Maingre "Boucicaut" 1366-1421 (49) was captured.

Georges de La Trémoille 1382-1446 (33) was captured.

In 1437 Jean Valois Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (27) and Marie Armagnac Duchess Alençon 1420-1473 (17) were married. They were second cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Duchess Alençon.

On 08 Sep 1476 Jean Valois Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (67) died. Rene Valois Alençon Duke Alençon 1454-1492 (22) succeeded Duke Alençon.

On 14 May 1488 Rene Valois Alençon Duke Alençon 1454-1492 (34) and Margaret Lorraine Duchess Alençon 1463-1521 (25) were married. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Duchess Alençon.

On 01 Nov 1492 Rene Valois Alençon Duke Alençon 1454-1492 (38) died. Charles Valois Alençon IV Duke Alençon 1489-1525 (3) succeeded IV Duke Alençon.

John Valois Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was created I Duke Alençon.

John Valois Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 and Marie Montfort Duchess Alençon 1391-1446 were married. They were half third cousins once removed. She a great x 3 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Duchess Alençon.

Charles Bourbon Duke Berry Duke Alençon Duke Angoulême 1686-1714 was appointed Duke Alençon.

Duke Aquitaine

Duke Angoulême

In 1619 Charles Valois Angoulême Duke Angoulême 1573-1650 (45) was created Duke Angoulême.

Charles Bourbon Duke Berry Duke Alençon Duke Angoulême 1686-1714 was appointed Duke Angoulême.

Duke Anjou

Duke Auvergne

In 1360 John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 (19) was created 1st Duke Berry 1C 1360 and 1st Duke Auvergne.

On 15 Jun 1416 John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 (75) died. Duke Berry 1C 1360 extinct. Marie Valois I Duchess Auverge 1375-1434 (41) succeeded I Duke Auvergne.

Duke Bar

In 1354 Robert of Bar 1st Duke of Bar 1344-1411 (9) was created 1st Duke Bar. Marie Valois Duchess Bar 1344-1404 (9) by marriage Duchess Bar.

On 25 Sep 1396 at the Battle of Nicopolis ...

Henry of Bar 1362-1397 (34) was captured.

Philippe of Bar 1372-1396 (24) was killed. Edward of Bar III Duke of Bar 1377-1415 (19) succeeded III Duke Bar.

Philip Artois Count Eu 1357-1397 (39) was captured.

On 25 Oct 1415 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard.

Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29).

Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397 extinct.

John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (35) and Edward Burnell -1415 and Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine 1377-1415 (38) were killed.

Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.

The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12), Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29), Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57), John Grey 1387-1439 (28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37), Piers Leigh 1389-1422 (26) (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420 (22), Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley of Heighley 1398-1459 (17), Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (30). Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.

Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed.

The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35), Walter Sais 1320- (95), Roger Vaughan 1345- (70) and his son Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (5). Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.

The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46), Philip Valois II Count Nevers 1389-1415 (26), John of Bar 1380-1415 (35), Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415 (48), David Rambures 1364-1415 (51) and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415, Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxemburg 1355-1415 (60) and Hector de Chartres -1415 were killed.

Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20) was captured by Richard Waller 1395-1462 (20) for which he was knighted on the battlefield by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29).

John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.

Robert of Bar Count Soissons Count Marle 1390-1415 (25) was killed. Jeanne of Bar Countess Soissons 1415-1462 succeeded Count Soissons 1367.

Edward of Bar III Duke of Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed. Cardinal Louis of Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded I Duke Bar.

John Valois Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed. Jean Valois Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.

Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed. Antoine Count of Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.

Anthony Valois Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed. John Valois IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.

Jean II Le Maingre "Boucicaut" 1366-1421 (49) was captured.

Georges de La Trémoille 1382-1446 (33) was captured.

In 1483 René Lorraine II Duke Lorraine Duke of Bar 1451-1508 (31) succeeded Duke Bar.

In 1485 René Lorraine II Duke Lorraine Duke of Bar 1451-1508 (33) and Philippa Egmont Duchess of Bar Duchess Lorraine 1467-1547 (18) were married. They were fourth cousins. She by marriage Duchess Bar, Duke Lorraine.

Duke Beaufort

François Bourbon Vendôme 2nd Duke Beaufort 1616-1669 succeeded 2nd Duke Beaufort.

Duke Berry

Duke Berry 1C 1360

In 1360 John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 (19) was created 1st Duke Berry 1C 1360 and 1st Duke Auvergne.

Before 1362 John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 and Joanne Armagnac Duchess Berry 1346-1387 were married. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She by marriage Duchess Berry.

In 1389 John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 (48) and Joan II Countess of Auvergne Duchess Berry 1378-1424 (11) were married. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She by marriage Duchess Berry.

On 15 Jun 1416 John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 (75) died. Duke Berry 1C 1360 extinct. Marie Valois I Duchess Auverge 1375-1434 (41) succeeded I Duke Auvergne.

Charles Bourbon Duke Berry Duke Alençon Duke Angoulême 1686-1714 was appointed Duke Berry 1C 1360.

Charles Bourbon Duke Berry Duke Alençon Duke Angoulême 1686-1714 and Marie Louise Élisabeth Bourbon Duchess Berry 1695-1719 were married. They were half first cousins. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. She by marriage Duchess Berry.

Duke Berry 2C 1550

On 29 Apr 1550 Margaret Valois Angoulême Duchess Berry and Savoy 1523-1574 (26) was created Duke Berry 2C 1550.

On 22 Dec 1572 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Margaret Valois Angoulême Duchess Berry and Savoy 1523-1574.

In 1559 Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy 1528-1580 (30) and Margaret Valois Angoulême Duchess Berry and Savoy 1523-1574 (35) were married. They were half first cousins once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Savoy. She by marriage Duke Berry 2C 1550.

Duke Bourbon

Duke Brittany

Duke Burgundy

Duke Enghien

Henri Jules Bourbon Condé Prince Condé 1643-1709 was appointed Duke Enghien.

Duke Estouteville

On 09 Feb 1534 Francis Bourbon Duke Estouteville 1491-1545 (42) and Adrienne Estouteville Duchess Estouteville 1512- (21) were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Saint Pol. She by marriage Duke Estouteville.

Adrienne Estouteville Duchess Estouteville 1512- was appointed Duke Estouteville.

Duke Gramont

In 1741 Antoine 5th Duke of Gramont 1688-1741 (53) died. Louis 6th Duke of Gramont 1689-1745 (51) succeeded 6th Duke Gramont.

On 11 May 1745 the allied army commanded by William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765 (24) was defeated by a French army at the Battle of Fontenay.

George Cholmondeley 1724-1764 (20),George Keppel 3rd Earl Albermarle 1724-1772 (21) and John Waldegrave 3rd Earl Waldegrave 1718-1784 (27) fought.

Henry Ponsonby 1685-1745 (60), James Dillon -1745 and Robert Douglas -1745 were killed.

Louis 6th Duke of Gramont 1689-1745 (55) was killed. Antoine 7th Duke Gramont 1722-1801 (23) succeeded 7th Duke Gramont.

Around 1730 William Aikman Painter 1682-1731. Portrait of Dorothy Savile Countess Burlington 1699-1758 and her son William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765. Around 1755 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764. Portrait of William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765.

In 1801 Antoine 7th Duke Gramont 1722-1801 (79) died. Antoine 8th Duke Gramont 1755-1836 (45) succeeded 8th Duke Gramont. Aglae de Polignac "Guichette" Duchess Gramont 1768-1803 (32) by marriage Duchess Gramont.

Around 1794 Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun Painter 1755-1842. Portrait of Aglae de Polignac

In 1801 Antoine 8th Duke Gramont 1755-1836 (45) succeeded 8th Duke Gramont.

On 28 Aug 1836 Antoine 8th Duke Gramont 1755-1836 (81) died. Antoine Héraclius Agénor 9th Duc de Gramont 1789-1855 (47) succeeded 9th Duke Gramont.

On 04 Mar 1855 Antoine Héraclius Agénor 9th Duc de Gramont 1789-1855 (65) died. Agénor 10th Duc de Gramont 1819-1880 (35) succeeded 10th Duke Gramont.

On 17 Jan 1880 Agénor 10th Duc de Gramont 1819-1880 (60) died. Antoine Alfred Agénor de Gramont 11th Duc de Gramont 1851-1925 (28) succeeded 11th Duke Gramont. Marguerite de Rothschild Duchess Gramont 1820-1905 (24) by marriage Duchess Gramont.

1902. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Antoine Alfred Agénor de Gramont 11th Duc de Gramont 1851-1925. 1902. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Marguerite de Rothschild Duchess Gramont 1820-1905.

On 03 Aug 1907 Antoine Alfred Agénor de Gramont 11th Duc de Gramont 1851-1925 (55) and Princess Maria Ruspoli 1888-1976 (19) were married. She by marriage Duchess Gramont.

1922. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Princess Maria Ruspoli 1888-1976.

On 30 Jan 1925 Antoine Alfred Agénor de Gramont 11th Duc de Gramont 1851-1925 (73) died. Armand de Gramont 12th Duc de Gramont 1879-1962 (45) succeeded 12th Duke Gramont. Élaine Greffulhe Duchess Gramont 1882-1958 (42) by marriage Duchess Gramont.

1904. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Armand de Gramont 12th Duc de Gramont 1879-1962. 1922. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Armand de Gramont 12th Duc de Gramont 1879-1962. 1922. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Armand de Gramont 12th Duc de Gramont 1879-1962. 1905. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Élaine Greffulhe Duchess Gramont 1882-1958.

Duke Limburg

Duke Longueville

Duke Lorraine

Duke Maine

Louis Auguste Bourbon Duke Maine 1670-1736 was appointed 1st Duke Maine.

Charles "Younger" King Franks 772-811 was appointed Duke Maine.

Duke Monpensier

In Feb 1538 Louise Bourbon Duchess of Monpensier 1482-1561 (56) was created Duke Monpensier.

Duke Narbonne

In 1061 William Rouerge Duke Narbonne 1040-1094 (21) was appointed Duke Narbonne.

William Rouerge Duke Narbonne 1040-1094 and Emma Mortain Duchess Narbonne were married. She by marriage Duchess Narbonne.

Duke Orléans

Duke Poligac

On 20 Sep 1780 Jules 1st Duke of Polignac 1746-1817 (34) was created 1st Duke Poligac.

Duke Savoy

Duke Septimania

Bernard Poitiers Duke Septimania 795-844 was appointed Duke Septimania.

Duke Thouars

In Jul 1563 Louis III de La Tremoille 1st Duke Thouars 1521-1577 (42) was created 1st Duke Thouars. Jeanne Montmorency 1528-1596 (35) by marriage Duchess Thouars.

On 25 Mar 1577 Louis III de La Tremoille 1st Duke Thouars 1521-1577 (56) died. Claude de La Tremoille 2nd Duke Thouars 1566-1604 (11) succeeded 2nd Duke Thouars.

After 1597 Claude de La Tremoille 2nd Duke Thouars 1566-1604 and Charlotte Flandrina Orange Nassau 1579-1640 were married. She by marriage Duchess Thouars.

Duke Toulose

In 790 William Poitiers Duke Toulose 755-812 (35) was appointed Duke Toulose.

Duke Touraine

In 1386 Louis Valois Duke Touraine I Duke Orléans 1372-1407 (13) was appointed Duke Touraine.

Around 1424 Archibald Douglas 2nd Duke Touraine 1390-1439 (34) and Euphemia Graham Lady Hamilton 1408-1468 (16) were married. They were half second cousins. She by marriage Duchess Touraine, Earl Wigtown.

On 29 Apr 1424 Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (52) was created 1st Duke Touraine by Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (21); he was the first non-Frenchman to be appiinted Duke in France. Charles had also appointed him Lieutenant General in the waging of war in the Kingdom of France. Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine by marriage Duchess Touraine.

On 17 Aug 1424 Archibald Douglas 2nd Duke Touraine 1390-1439 (34) succeeded 2nd Duke Touraine, 2nd Earl Wigtown, 5th Lord Douglas, 2nd Lord Annandale, 2nd Lord Galloway, 2nd Lord Bothwell.

On 26 Jun 1439 Archibald Douglas 2nd Duke Touraine 1390-1439 (49) died. William Douglas 3rd Duke Touraine 1424-1440 (15) succeeded 3rd Duke Touraine, 3rd Earl Wigtown, 6th Lord Douglas, 3rd Lord Annandale, 3rd Lord Galloway, 3rd Lord Bothwell. Janet Lindsay Countess Wigtown 1427-1483 (12) by marriage Countess Wigtown.

Duke Vendôme